Newspaper Page Text
BY HOYT & nULIPHREi'S.
ANDERSON COURT HOUSE, S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 28, 1861.
THE ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER,
IS ISSUED EVERT THURSDAY, AT
ONE DOLL Alt A YE?Jt, IN .ADVANCE.
If delayed six months, 51.60; and $2.00
?t theycud of the year.
HOYT & HlfMPHREYS,
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS,
Advertisements inserted i.t moderate rates; liberal
? deductions mado to those .vho wRl advertise by tho
SENTENCED?LI T NOT GUILTY.
? I was travelling through the mountains
T>f Pennsylvania, in the latter part of
February, 18?. Heavy stage coaches
were used for the purpose of drawing the
travelers from point to point, and in or?
der to make the enterprise pay, enormous
prices were charged and as many persons
packed into one vehicle as it could pos?
sibly accommodate. I was one of those
unfortunate travelers, who are always
annoyed with inconveniences and never
satisfied with anything. I grumbled and
scolded much at fie crowded state of
our coach, and I don't know but I swore
a little. I found fai.lt with the agent for
sellingvso many tickets, and more than
could be comfortably accommodated.?
He answered, with a complacent smile?
" There is plenty of room, sir." This ex?
pression reminds n.c, now-a-days of our
city railroad conductors. I looked at the
man with astern face, as much as to say?
"Do )'ou think I am a fool, or do }-ou
iutend to lie ?" Wellj he merely pushed'
the tail of my overcoat in after me and
closed the door. The whip cracked and
away wo went?now-a-days, the whistle
blows and away we fly.
"With considerable fuss I nestled myself
down in one. corner, and felt as if 1
would not speak tc a human being for the
n6xt seventy yeais. I strictly adhered
to my morose resolution for a few hours,
by keeping my eyes iixed on a small .win?
dow by my side, und observing through
it tho gloomy aspect of the weather. At
length I was startled by a heavy sigh
and a suppressed groan issuing from a
bunch of overcoats -and blankets at my
?idc. I turned and looked at it, and could
just discern the features of a young man,
at least he looked so to me. In the course
of an hour he removed a portion of his
blankets and shawls, and turning a pair
of tearful eyes upon me, asked how far it
was to tho stopping place. If for a mo?
ment I had been affected by the sorrow?
ful look of his fa ;e, I now felt my t; dan?
der rise " at a question so unreasonable.
Did ho take me ft ran editor, that 1 should
know everything and everybody's busi?
ness, or for a coach driver, who knows
by experience aT. the land marks of the
road, and can calculate by the supposed
distance, how far and how long he must
drive beforo ho cm gct'Lis next dram. j
"I don't know, sir." replied, cmphat-j
ically, as I ga\ c him a look black as J
a thunder cloud.
"Ah! I mistook yon, sir. I thought
you was a stage driver.*:
"You impertinent scoundrel! " I cried,
making a host.lo demonstration, for no
other purpose, however, than merely to
vindicate my honor. "When I came scri
.onsly to think the matter over, I found
my feelings were.not so deeply wounded
as I at first imagined. Bat I determined
to maintain n:y dignified position and
therefore conti med to look as black as
The gentleman seemed to take no of
fenco at my remark, but by his silence
seemed to acquiesce in the opinion I had
expressed thai-he was a scouudrcL
coach rolled on through the accumulating
snow, until iE began to draw toward
night, and I had almost forgotten tho in?
dividual by my side.
? As we -emerged from the mountain
# gorge and entered a vallc}-, with farm
houses scattered* in every direction, my
spirits seemed to throw off the gloom and
I fancied I locked a little pleasant.
" Will you loan mo your knife, a mo?
ment?" cair.e, in mumbled sentences,
from among the blankets, and at the same
time they opened like tho mouth of a
crater, from which came the strong fumes
of brandy and tobacco. rTow, I always
have been a hater of brandy and tobacco,
and especially the former when in too
small quantities, and when theso fumes
attacked my smelling apparatus, I was
again aroused. But the request was so
gentle I cor Id not refuse it, and handed
out my knifa. It was a dirk-knife, and if
properly used could be made a formidable
weapon of self-defence. Ho drew from
his pocket a huge piece of tobacco, and
with my kaife, and most especially the
blade I always used-for paring tipples,
cutting cheese, &c.. cut off a chew of to?
bacco. I lcokcd in pity on my knife and
was about :o remonstrate, but the dam?
age was done. But little did I think then
that that knife would be to me a source
of infinite trouble, and involve me in a
terrible and hideous mystery. The stage
came near turning over, and in the fright
I forgot all about my knife.
About an hour after dark we drew up
at an old-fashioned German-looking inn.
The old creaking sign, the thatched roofs
of the houses and barns, gave it an an?
tique appearance. "With gaping, groan?
ing and grunting, vre stretched our weary
and cramped limbs, and dismounted from
tho stage. A fire was burning in tho
bar-room, and wo gathered round it and
thawed ourselves out. When my com?
panion emerged from his blankets, lie
was a small man and rather good looking.
He had a large quantity of monc}- which
he took particular pains to exhibit, and
made it a theme in his conversation. That
I did not like?but as I have always ad?
hered to the u. mind your own business"
principle, I made no remark one way or
the other; but very closely watched the
man's conduct, and saw there was some?
thing strange and peculiar in it. I re?
tired shortly after supper and being
weary and tired .1 soon fell into a son mi
sleep, from which I did not wake till late
When I raised myself up and looked
out the window it was still snowing, and
the roads seemed entirely blocked up.
Giving vent to a y?wn, I looked about
tho and discovered there had been seme
some one in the other bed. At tho time I
thought but little of it, and made ray
toilet in some haste, for the room was
cold. 1 was about to leave the apartment
when I observed blood on the floor. 1
looked again and there was blood on the
bed. 1 must confess I Jelt rather queer
about the matter, and a terrible weight
seemed to gather about my heart. Some
little excited 1 descended to tho bar?
room, and in a few minutes was shown the
(iining-room to breakfast. In the mean?
time, the landlord had gono up to nvy
room to wake the man liohadputin there
to sleep. But just as f emerged front the
dining-room, he came down stairs, burst?
ing with excitement and pale as death
death on a white horse.
4i There has been niurdcrin that room :"
lie exclaimed, turning his eyes towards
me", aod his loo.: was so fierce that it made
" It looks somethdr.g^iko it," I coolly
replied \ " but whore is the man who oc?
cupied tho bed T
" Murdered?J have no doubt of :X. for
lie has not beeri seen this morning, and I
put him in there to sleep last night.?
You must give some account of him," ho
said to me.
" I can't do it, sir. I know nothing
about it. 1 did not know the man was
in the room, nor do I know it was."
On inquiry, it turned out to be the man
who had set beside me in the coach.?
That the man was gone, and that ho had
left his baggage was no mistake; hut
how or when he went was the query.
All the passengers were still there, and
among them the opinion was universal
that I had murdered the man. A
magistrate was sent for, and an officer of
the peace, to take me into custody. The
old squire was a half-German, and looked
about him with a grave and dignified
glance; and, 1 have no doubt, felt as if
ho were about to try me for murder.?
"When a constable arrived, he took me un?
der his special care, and he, too, felt an
immense responsibility resting upon his
shoulders, and guarded me with the strict?
est vigilance. In vain i protested against
his unnecessary care, and declared I
would not run away if ho even desired
mC-te. .-Uijiiie, of course, would not be?
lieve me. but set me down as a consum?
mate, daring villain.
Search was made in every direction for
the body, but the only trace they could
find was at a spot on a little creek, just
above the house, where the ice had been
broken, and where there was fresh blood
found. There wcro tracks of a man
about the spot, but they were partially
"snowed up; but enough remained to
prove that some person had been there
and opened tho ico sufficiently large to
admit the body of a man. Tho blood?
how did that come there ? It was cer?
tainly a gravo question, and I severely
felt the gravity of it closing around me. 1
made my statement?that I .had slept
soundly all night, and knew notitingofthc
transaction. But people only shook their
heads, and whispered one to the other.
" he is :i hardened villain."
At length a court of inquiry was form?
ed, the landlord making the necessary affi?
davit against me. The}" ascended to the
room, and found blood on the floor and
on the bed, and in one corner my knife,
blood}- and opened, just as it had been
used; I claimed it, and said that I had
loaned it to the man; they laughed at my
statement, and thought I had better deny
owning it. But I felt innocent of the
charge, and therefore did not consider the
consequences. The passdngcrs in the
'Coach swore that harsh words passed be?
tween us, and that we quarreled. With
this array of testimony and bold glaring
circumstances against nie, I was bound
over court to await my trial.
In the mean time, dilligent search was
made for the body, but it was nowhere
to be found.
Spring opened, and court time drew
near. When the ice left the creek, a body
y was found a few miles below the inn,
with a deep stab that penetrated the
heart. 2so one could identify the bod}-,
but all supposed it was tho man who I
was charged with having murdered, and
so the coroner's inquest found. The
wound corresponded in size with my
knife blade, and the physician who made
the post mortem examination believed it
was done with that weapon.
The trial came on, and those circum?
stances were clearly proven, to them I
had no defence, except my firm denial of
their truth, aud my protest of innocence.
IB}* the prosecuting attorney they were
woven into such a perfect chain of guilt,
that while I listened to his argument, I
found myself guilty of murder in the first
degree. I almost began to believe I had
murdered the man, and was in court try?
ing to thwart the ends of justice. The
theory of the prosecution was. that I had
murdered the man for his money, had
conveyed the body from the house, made a
hole in tho ico, and thrust it under.
The trial was over, and the jury, after
a few hours' deliberation, found mc guil?
ty of murder in the first degree. I be?
gan to wonder then whether I was guil?
ty or not, and whether I would be sen?
tenced to be hung. My neck felt pecu?
liar and frequently I put my hand to as?
certain its size. I felt as though the
whole thing was a farce, or I ?was in-a long
and fearful dream. But it now seems to
me that reason was leaving me, and I
'could not properly comprehend my per?
After the verdict of guilty; I was con?
voyed to prison, and in two weeks brought
out for sentence. The judge delivered a
long and impressive speech, rccomending
me (o the mercy of Heaven, and senten?
ced me to be hung at about two months
from that date, lie was just remanding
me to prison to await my terrible doom,
when there was a rustling at the door,
and a man in tiie highest state of excite?
ment rushed up the bar. I looked at tho
excited individual a moment, and thought
I had seen him before. ] taxed my brain,
and. all of a sudden the truth dashed on
my mind. JZeicas tiie murdered man ! I
sank back in in my seat, exhausted and
overcome, and lor a few moments was in?
sensible. The man still stood at the bar.
pale as death, but could not say a word.
There was a commotion in the coart
; house, but no one could tell the cause.
Even" one knew there would bo a terri?
ble revelation, and because 1 fainted they
attributed it to the fact that I knew that
he would only add to my guilt. Ho
turned and looked mc full in the face,
without sayiu<* a word; and when I had
properly recovered, I rose up, and signi?
fied my desire to speak. Then all was
stillj a pin could have been heard drop.
"That is the man I am charged with
having murdered !" I said, pointing to?
ward him. The court started, the lawyer
sprung to his feet, and the whole audience
was in the greatest consternation.
'?I am the man ! " said he; ,iS and you
sec I am not murdered. I will explain
the mystery. I rode in the coach with
tho man in the dock, on such a day; we
stopped at a certain inn; he went to bed;
I was put to sleep in tho samo room.
During our ride in tho coach, I borrowed
his knife to cut tobacco, and forgot to re?
turn it. I was fleeing from soipc perse?
cuting relations, and in the night I thought
they had overtaken me, and I determined
to escape. I took his knife from my
poekot, and in cutting a strap cut my
hand severely. The blood flowed; I
tlirow the knife in my rage in the corner;
I stopped at the creek, made a holo in
the ice, to wash my hand, and that is how
the blood got thcro."
Tho landlord and passengers testified
that he was the man, and I was released;
but no account could be given of the body
found in the creek.
What a glorious world this would be if
all its inhabitants could say, with Shaks
pcarc's shepherd: " Sir, I am a true labo?
rer; I earn what I wear; owe no man
hate; envy no man's happiness; glad of
other men's good; content with my farm."
The Mass Lilly Tyler, who loosed " the
impatient folds" of the Southern banner
at .Montgomery the other day, is a daugh?
ter of ex-President Tyler, and not a
grand daughter, as has been reported.
Tho brightest dreams awaken to the
A Wor?I to Young Ladies.
We wish to say a word to you, young
ladies, about your influence over young
men. Did you ever think of it? Did
you ever realize that you could have any
influence at all over them? "We believe
that a young lady, by her constant, consis?
tent, Christian example, may exert an un?
told power. You do not know tho re?
spect, and almost worship, which young
men, no matter how wicked thcymay be
themselves, pay to a consistent Christian
lady, be she young or old.
A gentleman once once said to a lady
who boarded in the same house with him,
that her life was a constant proof of the
truth of the Christian religion. Often the
simple request of a lady will keep a young
man from doing wrong. We have known
this to be the case very frequently; and
young men have been kept from break?
ing the Sabbath, from drinking, from
chewing, just because a lad}-, whom they
respected, and for whom they had af?
fection, requested it. A tract given, an
invitation to go to church, a request that
your friend would read the Bible daily
will often be regarded when more power?
ful appeals from other sources would fall
unheeded, upon his heart.
Many of tho gentlemen whom you mee t
in society aro away from the influence of
parents and sisters?and the}' will respond
to an interest taken in their welfare. We
all speak of a young man's danger from
evil associates, und tl c very bad influcnce
which his dissipated gentlemen compan?
ions have over him. We believe it is al
true, that a^gentloman's character is
formed <o a great extent, by the ladies
he associates with before he becomes a
complete man of the world. We think,}
in other words, that a young man is pret?
ty much what his sisters and young lady
friends choose to make him.
We knew a family where the sisters en?
couraged their younger brother to smoke,
thinking it was manly to mingle with
gay, dissipated fellows, because they
thought it "Stuart" and ho did mingle
with them until he became just like them;
body and soul, and abused the same sis?
ters shamefully. The influence began
farther back than with this gentleman's
companion. It began with his sisters, and
was carried on through the forming years
of his character. On the otiicr hand, if
sisters are watchful and affectionate,they
may. in various ways, by entering into
any little plan with interest, by introduc
i ing their younger brothers to good la?
dies' society?lead them along until their
characters are formed, and then a high
toned respect for ladies, aud a manly self
respect will keep them from mingling
with low society.
If a young man .^e.-i that the religion
which in youth ho was taught to vener?
ate, is lightly thought of, and perhaps
.sneered at by the young ladies with whom
he associates, we can hardly expect him to
think it is a thing for him. Let none say
they have no influence at all. This is not
possible You cannot live without hav?
ing some sort of an influence any more
than you can live without breathing.?
One is just as unavoidable as the other.
Beware, then, what kind of influence it
is that you arc constantly exerting.
-An invitation to take a glass of wine,
or to play a game of cards, may kindle
the flame of intemperance or gambling,
which will burn forever. A jest given at
the expense of religion, a light, trifling
manner in the House of God,' or any of
the numerous ways in which }*ou show
your disregard for tho souls of others,
ma}' be the means of ruining others for
time and eternity.
Arab Proverbs.?When you are the
anvil, have patience?when you are the
hammer, strike well and straight.
A great many human beings dig their
graves with their teeth.
A generous man will place the benefit
he 2onfers beneath his feet?those ho re?
ceived; nearest his heart.
If you wish to appear agreeable in so?
ciety, you must consent to be taught many
things that you know already^
To succeed in the world, it is Tauch
mere necessary to possess the penetration
to discover who is a fool, than to discover
who is a clever fellow.
.Experience teaches us indulgence; the
wisest is he who doubts his own judgment
with regard to the motives which actuate
A friend that you have to buy will not be
worth-what you have to pay for him?no
matter how little that may ever be.
A Western Editor is in a bad fix. He
dunned a subscriber for his subscription,
who refused to pay, and threatened to
flog the editor if he stopped the paper.
A Western paper announcing the death
of a gentleman in Iowa, says: "Ho was
a great admirer of Horace Grecley, but
I otherwise a very respectable man."
The following is an extract from tho
speech delivered or Hon. John S. Preston.
Commissloncrlrom South Carolina, before
the Virginia Convention:
Gentlemen of Virginia, tho people of
these Southern States are no noisy fac?
tion, clamoring for place and power; no
hungry rabble, answering in blood to ev?
ery appeal to brutal passion ; no shouting
mob, ready to take for their glittering
epigram, or a fustian theory; they are
not canting fanatics, festering in the licen?
tiousness of abolition and amalgamation;
their liberty is not a painted strumpet,
straggling through the street.-;; nor does
their truth need to baptize itself in'pools
ofblcod. They arc a grave, calm, prosper?
ous people: the holders of a mosL majes?
tic civilization; the inheritors; by right,
of the fairest cstato of liberty; fighting
for that liberty; fighting forthcir father's
graves; standing athwart their hearth?
stones, and before their chamber doors.
In this fight, for a time, my little State
stood alone?that little State, around
whose outermost borders tho eruns fired
at the capital might almost bo heard;
whose scope of sky is scarce large enough
for one star to glitter in; so small, so
weak, so few?we began this fight alone,
against millions; and had millions been
piled on millions, under God, in suclr a
fight, wo would hare triumphed. But,
sir, that God cares for Liberty, Truth,
and Eight among His people, and we arc
no longer alone. Our own children from
Florida and Alabama answered to the
maternal call; and our great sister Georgia
marshalled forth her giant progeny; the
voice of Quitman came up out of his grave
on tho Mississippi, and Louisiana proved
herself the offspring of the ".Apostle of j
Liberty;" and now Young Texas raises
her giant form, and takes her place at tho
head of this majestic column of Confede?
rated Sovereignties. And, sir, wherever
Virginia has a son beyond her borders,
his voice is known, because he speaks tho
ancient tongue of his mother. Mr. Presi?
dent, I, one of the humblest of these sons,
have told my adopted brethren?I have
promised them?that before [the spring
grass grows long enough to weave a chap
let of triumph, they will hear the stately
tramp of a mighty Hlfet of men?a sound
?s if the armies of Destiny were afoot?
they will sec floating above that host a
banner, whose whole history is a blaze -of
glory, and not one blot of shame; and
coming up from that host, they will hear I
one voice, aye, like their own, one voice
only; the resounding echo of that voice
which.first thundered into the hearts of
your god-like sires : " Give me liberty, or
give me death I" and on that banner will
be written the unsullied name of Virginia.
The world knows her history, and knows
no history above it in the niche of fame;
and knowing it, none dare doubt where
Virginia will be found when her offspring,
divine liberty and justice, call her to the
fight. Have I promised too much in the
name of our mother ? In us the doubt
would be worse than blasphemy. She
will lake her place in the front ranks.
She will be, as she has been for ono hun?
dred years, the foremost of the world in
the canse of liberty. She will stand here
with her uplifted arm, not nobly .as a bar?
rier, but the guiding star to an empire,
stretching from her feet to the tropics,
from the Atlantic to the Pacific?grander
in proportions, stronger in power, freer in
right, than any which has preceded it;
which will divide the rule of the Atlantic;
be felt in tho far-heaving waves of the
Pacific; and will own the G ulf of Mexico
and the Carribcan Sea.
She Never Leaves Him.?Look at the
career of a man as he passes through the
world; a man of misfortunes! How of?
ten is he left by his fellow men to sink
under the weight of his afflictions unheed?
ed and alone. One friend of his own sex
forgets him, another abandons him, a
third perhaps, betrays him; but woman,
faithful woman, follows him m his afflic?
tions with unshaken affection; braves the
changes of feeling, of his temper embitter?
ed by tho disapointmcnts of the world,
with, tho highest of all virtue; in resigned
patienee--.mjnjstci^to his wants, even
when her own are -&fi?4j>rcssingj she
?weeps with him tear for tetu^frr^4^dis
trcss, and is the first to catch and reffe*
a ray of joy, should but one light upon
his countenance in the midst of his suffer?
ings: and she never leaves him in his mis
cry while there remains one act of love,
duty, or compassion, to be performed.
And at last, when life and sorrow end to?
gether, she follows him to the tomb with
an ardor of affection wich death cannot
Always do as the sun does?look at the
bright side of everything. For while it is
just as cheap, it is three times as good for
A Beautify Jj Extract.?The following
is from a lecture delivered some fifteen
years ago, by Eev. John IS". Maflit:
" Phoenix, fabled bird of antiquity, when
it felt the chill advances of age, built its
own funeral urn, and fired its pyre by
means which Nature's instinct taught it.
All plumago, and its form of beauty)
became ashes; but ever would rise the
young?beautiful from the urn of death
and chambers of decay would the fledg?
ling come, with its eyes turned toward
tho sun, and essaying its dark velvet
wings, sprinkled with gold and fringed
with silver, on tho -baimy air, raising a
little higher, until at length, in the fall
confidence of flight, it gives a cry of. joy, -
and soon becomes a glittering speck in
the deep bosom of a?rial ocean. Lovely
voyager of earth, bound on its heaven?
ward journey to the sun !
So rises tho spirit from thcruins of tho
body, the funeral urn which its Maker
built, and death frees. So towers away
to its home; in the pure elements of spir?
ituality, the intellect Phoenix, to dip* its
proud wings in the fountain of everlast?
ing bliss. j ? ?; ^^jj
So shall dear, precious humanity;'sur?
vive from the ashes of a burning ^??ft?^;
So beautiful shall the unchanged _scf*rajs;'.
within thejlisc of Eternity's great lumin?
ary with undazzled eye and unscorched
wings?tho Phoenix of immortality?ta?
ken to its rainbow!homc ar.d cradled oh
the beating bosom of Eternal Love."^
How to Break Bad. Habits.?Under?
stand clearly the reasons, and all the rea?
sons, why tho habit is injurious. Study
the subject till there is no lingering doubt
in your mind.
Avoid the places, the persons, tho
thoughts that lead to temptation.
Frequent the places, associate with the
persons, indulge in the thoughts, that
lead away from temptation.
Keep busy. Idleness is the strength of
Do not give up the struggle when you
have broken your resolution once, or a
thousand times. That only .shows how
much more need there is for you to
When you have broken your resolution,
just think tho matter over, and endeavor
to understand why it was you failed, so
that you may be on your guard against
a rcoccurrencc^of the same circumstance.
Memorandum.?The !New York- Ex?
press gives the following:
" On the 1st of February, 1850, Senator
Hale, of New Hampshire, presented two
petitions from Isaac Jeffries and other'
citizens of Pennsylvania, and John F.
Woodward and others, praying that "some
plan might bo devised for the dissolution .
of the American Union."
This petition received three, votes?
John P. Hale, of New Hampshire. Wil?
liam H. Seward,of New York, Salmon P.
Chase, of Ohio. The two last are cabinet
Flower stems should always be cut
with a knife, and never with scissors, as
the tubes will not draw up the water if
they are bruised and lacerated and partly
closed. Two or three drops of camphor
in every ounce of milk-warm water, will
often restore faded flowers, as it does a
A man whom Dr. Johnson once reprov?
ed for following a useless and demoralizing
" You know, doctor, that I must live."
The brave old hater of everything mean
and hateful, coolly replied that he did not
"see the least necessity sor that." ^
How brightly do little joys beam upon\
a soul which stands on a ground darken?
ed by clouds of sorrow! So do stars come
forth from an empty sky, when we look up
to them from a deep well.
Pretty Fashion.?A new fashion in la?
dies' stockings has come out in England.
They are of woolen or cotton, but are
parti-coloured, as red and black-, mauve
and grey. When harmonizing in colour
with the dress, tho effect is said to be
A husband advertises thus: -My wife
Maria has strayed or been stolen. Who?
ever returns her will get his head broke.
As to trusting her, anybody can do so if
' "tftfcy-S^e^fit; for as I never pay my own
debts it's no>ri&ely I'll pay her'n."
Neyer compel sTc^d to sit still, nor
interfere with its enjoyment, as"it"i^0t*T
actually injurious to person or property,
or against good morals.
A western editor thinks sewing girls
cannot bo expected to compete with sew-.
ing machines, for they haven't such iron
? What man wants?ail he can get; what
woman wants?all she can't get.