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?fflSi? & HUMPHREYS.
ANDERSON COURT HOUSE, S. C TH??TMORNING, MARCH 23, 1885.
VOLUME 1.?-NUMBER 8.
; p? ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER,
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rates. " . .
gtfcs of ij[t Wittk
nd, Maerh 2.?The Senate con
tho House amendment to the
ing the office of provost mar
it ?vi thin the lines of the array
Bill was further considered un
ur of adjournment,
ate passed -the bill authorizing
tary of the Treasury to receive
om the several States, and use
same'for the benefit of the several
Tho report of the .committee of confer?
ence on tho currency- bill was concurred
in. The House amendment to the Sen?
ate bill authorizing the Secretary of "War
to negotiate with tho Governors of the
several States for ?lavc labor was concur?
In the House, J. T. Loach submitted a
resolution recommending Gen. Lee to be
clothed with power to 'treat tor peace.
Referred to iho Military committee.?
"^SomcHime was spent in secret session.
The bill providing for tho payment of
Volton purchased in the Trans-Mississippi
by government ogeut:> was further dis?
cussed until the hour of adjournment.
Richmond, March 6th.?In the Senato
the House bill to amend the act regulat?
ing the assessment and collection of tax
in kind was considered and passed.
(?hc House resolution fixing the day of
^adjournment was laid on the.table.
? The bill to muster negroes in tho army
was takers up, whereupon- the Senate re
olved into secret session. It - is under
$ood that final action.on this .subject wilt
';^^-m^w^^ ^ ^ ? ^
it conference was appointed.
Nothing else of importance.
Bichmo.vp. March. 7.?In the Senntc
thc.renai-t- from the Conference on the
tax I'ill was concurred in by yeas V2,
mays o. . ? , ? -
The House bill for the employment of
negroes was taken up. when Hon. 11. Zl.
T. Hunter addressed the House at length
? in opposition to the bill, but said that he
should vote for it in obedience to instruc?
tions from -the Legislature of Virginia.
Graham also spoko against the bill,
Seiflmes warmly advocated the measure;
and Orr opposed it; and the Senate took
*u recess a/ter a speech by Burnett in fa?
In. the Horse, Geh. Hood's report of
?operations in Tennessee was presented.
The report of the Conference Commit
, tec on tax bill was agreed to. The bill
imposes a tax 'of eight per cent, on all
property not* exempted, and an additional
tax of one per cent to raise money to pay
the soldiers. The current expenses of
the?gQ,ver'nment are t?'be paid one halt
' in Treasury notes and tho other half in
certificates of indebtedness. The report
of tho Committc of Conference on. the ex
fcraption bill was agreed to.
The bill is_8ub8tanlially the same as the
Alter transacting some unimpoitant
? business the House adjourned.
Richmond, March 8.?The' Senate re
I "samcd the consideration of the House bill
increasing the military force of the Con
federate Stutcs?. Oui motion of Mr. Ca
'perton, the bill was amended by insert?
ing a proviso; that no more than twenty
five per cent, of the male slaves between
IS and 45 in any State shall be called for
under the provisions of the act. The bill,
Yeas?Brown, Burnett, Caperton, Hen
I ry, Hunger, Oldham, 'Scmmes, Sims', Wat
Won, 9. '
Nays?Barnwell, Graham, Johnson of
?a., Maxweli, Orr, Test, Wigfall, 8.
The Senate passed the House bill au
aorising the Secretary of the Treasury
> borrow specie to be applied to the ro
pnption and reduction of the currency.
The House resolution fixing the day of
-"" lournment was amended by inserting
itircbiy; the 11th aud adopted, by yeas
,>>jnays3. - - '% ' '
? >frcu>ioND, ;iarch 11.?In the House
v^Tuesday night, a message.wesroceived
/rota tho President notifying Congress
that he expected at an early !day to send
in a communication which may require
deliberative action and before that mes?
sage was sent he requested the session to
prolonged. [ M resolution TOstponing
adjournment until Tuesday was adopted.
The House receded from its amend?
ment to the Serrate bill setting the time
for conveniug the next session of Con?
In the Senate* to-day the House reso?
lution extending the session wasconcur
A message was receivedfrom-the Presi?
dent vetoing the biii providing for the'
promotion of officers in certain eases,?and
after a debate, the bill was again passed
by yeas' 21, nays 5.
The House bill authorising tho Secre?
tary of the Treasury to issue eighty mih
Ilona of Treasury notes for the payment
of arrears-duo to tl'-c- Army and JSTnvy,
was passed by y?s 0,.n
A message was reeeivedlr^s^^res
ident vetoTving the bill aboijshiirigtho of?
fice of Assistant Quartermasters, and Com?
missaries, and providing for the appoint?
ment of bonded agents instead. Tending
tho consideration of the message? the
House resolved itsolf in secret seces?
The House passed the appropriation
hill for the expenses of the Government
to December 31st, 1S65, and sustained tho
President's veto of the bill providing for
the promotion of officers ii\certain qases,
b}T y<as 14, nays 45. 1
After a short secret session the llouse
Lincoln's Inaugural Address. .
Fellow Oountiymcn: At this:second ap?
pearing to take the oath oj" the Presiden?
tial office^ there is loss occasion for an ex?
tended address than was at' first. Then
a statement somewhat in detail of the
course to be pursued seemed fitting and
proper. 2sTow, at tho expiration of four
years, during which public declarations
j were constantly called at every phase of
the great contest, which still absorbs the
attention and vigorous enorgi.is of the na?
tion, there is little that now couid bo pre?
The progrosa of our arms, Upon gghicl)
all-else chiotly depends, is as well known
to tho public as to myself?I trust with
reasonable satisfactory encouragement to
and- divide its efiVcts by negotiating.
jlH, with h^h hopo.i for \ha fuliirn.
111 jli u piiiHuiuion in- regard ^toSPrZ?jfabu
ventured On an.occasion correspond! i*t
this. Four years ago ail eycsi wcrliRx-.
iously directed to the impending civil war.
All dreaded it. AH sought to avoid it;
while tho inaugural address being deliver?
ed from th&pUiCO was devoted altogether
to^avitrg the Union without war, insur?
gent agents were seeking to dcstr'03* it
without, war, seeking to dissol vo the Unio n
Both parties deprecated war, but one of
them would make war rather than let it
perish. ? . ^
War came. One-eighth of'the whole
population were colored slaves not dis?
tributed generally over the Union, but
loealised.in the Sou thorn p?rt of it. These
slaves cons tituted a peculiar and- wonder?
ful interest all know.
This1 interest'was somehow the cause of
tho War. To strengthen, extend and per?
petuate this interest was the object for
'which the insurgents would rend the
Union by war, while the Govornmont
claimed no right to it more than to re?
strict territorial enlargement of it.
Neither parry expected a war of the
magnitude and duration which* it has al?
ready jwkainedj neither anticipated that
the cause of tho conflict might coa ic. pr.RO
on. Before tho conflict rdionld .cease wc
at least look for an easier triumph and a
result less furidanfental and astounding,
? Both read the same Bible, pr,.y to the
same God, and invoke his aid against the
other. It may seem strsvn yje that any
man should dare to ask a just God's as?
sistance in Wringing the bread from tho
'sweat of other men's faces, but let n.s judge
not that we-bo not judged-.. The players
of .both should not bo ahsvwired?-rieith?r
has-been answered fully. The Almighty'
has His own purposes^ Woe to tho world!
woo to tho world! because of oifenoesj
for it must needs be that olfeuees come;
but woe to that "man by whom offences
como. .-??'": '. -
Finally we hope and fervently pray
thattho mighty scourge otwar may speed!,
rly pass away. If God wills that it con?
tinue until the bondman for two hundred
years of unrequitted toil shail be sunk,
and until every drop of blood drawn w&b
cost shall be paid by another drawn with
the sword as was said three ? thousand
years agoj so still must be ialJ> that the
instrument's of the. Lionhtre -true-and
righteous together with malico towards
none, with charity for all, with firmness
in right a's God gives us to eoe right.
I/ot us strive on to' finish the work we
are in; to bind up tho nation's wounds; to
eai'e for him; who has" h?rn? the burdon
and- heat OP the bat:tl'e, for his widow and
his ofphans; and to do all which may
achieve f?fid cherish a just and lasting
peace among ourselves and with all na?
Richmond, March 9.?The following
was received this afternoon v
Headquarters, March 9,1865.
Hon. J. C. Breckinridge, Secretary of
Gen. Bragg reports that he- attacked
the enemy yest erday, four miles in front
of Kinston and drove him from his posi?
tion. He disputed the ground obstinately
and took a new line three miles from his
first. "We captured three pieces of artih<
lery and fifteen hundred prisoners.
The number of tho enemy's dead and
wounded left on the field is large, ours
The troops behaved most handsomely
Major Generals Hill and Hoko exhibi?
ted their accustomed zeal and gallantly.
R. E. Lee, General.
? Kitfst?if, near" which place the fight oc?
curred, is situated ori~ the direct route
from Goldsboro'to Newbern, and is about
twenty miles east*of Goldsboro', and abcut
thirty from -Newbern. It is supposed
that this force of the enemy was advan?
cing from Newborn against Goldaboro,'
for the purpose of cutting tho railroad at
that point. It is not probable, after this
repulse, that the enemy will attempt to
advanco, and-it is likely wo shall next
hoar of them fulling back upon Newborn
or changing their course to some other
point of tho compass.
-This movement of the enemy was evi?
dently designed to bo co-operative with
Sherman, and in-this light' and at this
juncture it may bo of great value to us in
embarrassing the movements of Sher?
Richmond, March 11.?The following
was received at Headquarters last night.
Hon. J. C. Brcckenridgo, Secretary of
Gen. Ros8er reports that on the sixth
with a few of his men he attacked the en?
emy near Harrisburg who were guarding
provisions captured at Waynesboro. On
tho next mornin<rkc aijain attacked them
near Robe's Hill. Having detained them
a day and night at tho river ho caused
them to retire hi. haste, abandoning the
oJi/.p?i^or?rhu^iyiTi-gT^i^i ', i f
Hampton at daylight this m.orning
drove him from his camp, taking hid guns
and wagons, besides releasing a great
number of our men captured by the ene?
my. The gniis and wagons could not be
brought off for want of horses. Many of
the eneruy were killed and wounded. Our
loss, was not heavy. Lieut. Col. B. L. King
waskilledand Brig. Gen.Hamcs, and Cols.
Hogan, and Harrison, and Majors Lewis,
Furger3on md others wounded.
R. E. Lee, General *
Richmond, March 12?Tho Tribune says
that Andy Johnson, demented by liquor
when sworn into ofuce, mado a senseless
discreditable harangue, and adds "if he has
become a drunkard and does not reform, he
cannot remain Vice President of the Uni?
?-New Orleans advices to the- ll'th state
that Gen. Canby with staff left that day
for the vicinity pf Mobile.
Orders have been received*at New York
to commence a draft" on-tho 15th. About
tbirtcen-fiieusand names havo to be drawn.
Senator Barlow, of Iowa has been con?
firmed Secretary of tho Interior in place
of Usher, resigned.
The question of the admission of Scna
ior* from Arkansas and Louisiana was
postponed until December.
Green Clay Smith has been appointed'
minister to Spain..
Piere Soule and. family had arrived at
the Citj' of Mexico.
Fayetteville. N. C, March L?The la?
test from tho front locates Sherman at
Lynch's creek, twenty two miles from the.
! coast. It is supposed that Jie is striking
for tho coast. .On the 26th there were no
Yankees advancing~in this direction from.
*The Confedrato Steamer Chiek'amaugu
was destroyed by her crew to prevent its
falling into1 the hands of tho enemy, at
Grey's point on ,the Capo Fear River on
Saturday, and is a total wreck.
. a gentleman from- Lnmberton reports
that a courier arrived last night from Che
raw with intelligence that a portion of
Slier'man's army had been mot by our for?
ces and defeated, and Sherman was re?
treating in the direction of Charleston.
This is not official.
Richmond, March 6.?Official notice is
givon to all Confederate officers and men
delivered at Savannah or Charlston, dufl
ring November and December'last, auj|
all "delivored on the James river prior tq(|
the first instant, that they are declared^
From theW.^ Y. Daily News, ofFeb.22,1885.
TheJ Ashes of Charleston,
With the fall of Charleston commences
the tug of war. The conflict is about to
assume its- fiercest, bloodiest, deadliest
phase. There is no longer any doubt as
to tho temper of the South. In the ashes
of the doomed city, the retiring footsteps
of its proud defenders traced their dcter
.mination'to conquer independence; what?
ever might bo the sacrifice of comfort,
pnjpcrty or life. Charleston was to the
Carolinians" what Moscow was to theEus
sians. For beyond its-material value they
?reverenced it for tho sake of associations
:that linked it with their emotions of pride
~and affection. If they had, obeyed their
inclinations," they would have stood by
the city to th:; last, spilling their life-blood
drop by drop, -j.n its. defence. But the
hour had come for them to sacrifice all lo?
cal prejudices, all pride, al! passion, all
sentimentality, all personal considerations
to the cause in which they had embarked.
They did not hesitate. The appeal jvas
made to their moral courage, and it was
answered by a devotion like thrt-whieh ?
fired the sacred city of t he Muscovite, and
gave to tho invader a blackened ruin for I
Irls prize, and a desert for his land of]
One journal in this city, the most fan?
atical of its kind, has asserted that it was
cowardice which induced the abandon?
ment of-Charleston. All men of intelli?
gence know this to be false : a?I just men
will ackowledge.it a slander, and all who
appreciate true courago will blush for
s!iame that it was over uttered. It was
that kind of cowardice that impelled the
lliack. Douglas to fling the heart of Bruce
hto the centre of the Saracen host, that
fj-ir its redemption his arm might be ner?
ved to victory. It was the kind of cow?
ardice that caused Tell to aimhissffaft at
tho head, of his loved best; that caused the
first Brutus to pronounce ?the doom of |
death upon his son.-and the second Brutus
lo slay his nearest friend. Some such
cowardly instinct induced Fabius to shun
the enemy, and Washington to follow his
example, even when the failing spirits of J
[:l\i3 countrymen seemed to upraid his cau
ftlimiS.pOACV. ' 11 o,'7IT-..u.?? ^UwlkV
feh?t fears to jeopardize a cause by grati?
fying a Vanity or ambLion. Jt is- moral
courage: the loftiest and purest thai God
;ias given to hia creatures.
What man is there, who is not a fanatic
or a simpleton, who-believes that the
Northorn people wonlpVburn and destroy
their property to assist^in suojugating the
South. They would make every needful
sacrifice to resist invasion; but for*con?
quest, only such as avo- forced upon'them'
by _the military power that conducts Ihe
war. But at ?last tho North begins to
comprehend tho stern, unfaltering and in?
vincible purposo of tho foo. They under?
stand at last the jiruo character of tho war
and they know that it means'Southorn in?
dependence or extermination.
Three y?ars ago, or two, or even "a year
ago, the capture of Charleston would hayo
set the -Northern puh>e in a fever of cx
citcuicrt and exultation.. To-day, al?
though tho flags are flying, and cities and
villages wear a holiday aspect, there is
disccrnable in tho midst of strained en?
thusiasm and superficial rejoicing, a more
reflective mood than*has been apparent
siucc tho commencement of hostilities!
Our pcoplo have notlost all their sagacity
? in the whirl of excitement. They know
that tho-Southerners do not burn their
cities and destroy their property because
of despair or phrensy: or if it bo madness
there is a method in it that is dangerous,
to others than themselves.
" ... g?.
The South has accepted a great bumwfi
ajjon as a prelude, to a .gre^^triumph.
Tho won-derful intellect that now controls
the military action of the Confederacy has
prompted thcsftcnfjco that even the North
bcirolds^vilh wonder. Lot us -^pocfoss
that, beneath the outward seeming of rc-j
joicing there is bewilderment and forsbo-1
ding and a consciousness that the fruit we
have so long reached for, and t hat, at last j
has fallen of its own accord into our hands
may turn to ashes on our lips. ' When
American freemen go forth to battle with
the flames of their homesteads" lighting 1
^ their way to victory or death, dedicating
their household goods to destruction, and
giving all their wordly treasures as a trib?
ute to-a political sentiment, the word.re?
bellion, as appliod to them, loses its sig?
nificance, and history records them as pat?
riots, whether they fall or win.
4 Against this indomitablo will, this dog
iged perseverance, this sublime devotion.
St is in vain for fleets and armies'to con
Rend. The Federal- Administration may
lind in the riiius of Charleston;the begin?
ning of the sequel to the late Peace Con
ierence. They imposed conditions that
no frco", brave people couia accept; ana
now as a brave, freo. people, the South?
erners are concentrating their energies
for war to tho uttermost. It has been
said-that the rebellion was a shell ; the
sehll is burs, and while we hold the* worth?
less fragments, its invulnerable core, the
great strong heart, defies and.baffles us.
To one who truly conceives the mean?
ing of tho change of policy that has been
inaugurated by the abandonment and de?
struction of Charleston, the shadow of
coming battles looks darker and more
vast than ever before.' To one brain, we
know how fertile tho rosourccs^-to one
heart we know how firm and true?to one
intellect, we know how gifted with
martial attributes?to one man, wo know
how'capable to plan, to strike, to thwart,
to retrieve error or to take advantage of
it, tho military fortunes ofthe South havo
been confided. Free to act at his own
volition, untrammeled by administrative
interference, trusted, beloved and honor?
ed by soldier and civilian-, he has lost no
time in using his dictatorial power to re?
model the whole systent of this warfare.
The fall of Charleston is a consequence
less of Sherman's prowesss than of Lee's |
^tratcgy. "Who gives a castle looks to
gain a queen.
The Evacuation of Charleston.
We havo at length what W6 conceive to
bo authentic, intelligence of tho fall of
Charleston. It were worse than useless
to bemoan over this event, though it Will
cause poignant sorrow in the hearts of
thousands. "Not only thoso whose homes
wore in the beautiful' "city by tho sea^'
will lament the giving up of the place to
the-cnomy, who for four years have vain?
ly thundered at its portals; but there are
myriads of sympathizing hearts through?
out Christendom who must mourn the
military necessity that has yielded to oar
vandal foe tho seat of so much elegance,
refinement, hospitality and true chivalry
Fallen though' Charleston be, her name
will live in, history, and her heroic defence
bo chronicled on the brightest pages of
that record which transmits to posterity
tho matchless deeds of-this revolution..
The evacuation was successfully eom
pleted on Thursday, the 16th of February,
between tho hours of twelve and one
-o'clock, ^j^j^regjjs left; on the^ears of the
tion of Klngstree.
In addition to fall of tho cit3', of itself
sorrowful in the extreme," we liave to re?
cord one of the most horrible calamities
that ever befel auy population. The De?
pot of the South Carolina Railroad com?
pany between Mary and Ann streets was
filled with stores of the (Sommissarry,
Quartermaster and Ordnance Department.
Upon tho doparture of our forces such
supplies as*'could not he removed wero al?
lowed to the indigent c?izens, and the
building was" thrown open for them.?
While crowded with women and children
some fixed ammunition was exploded, de?
stroying the bouse trad causing tho death
of three hundred persons. The sight was
a most pitiable pne? and boggars descrip?
The flames immediately spread with
the greatest rapidity, and it is feared that
a largo portion of thacity must have been
destroyed. The fire was in progress when
tho Federal troops landed and they imme?
diately tendered assistance and protection
to the firemen engaged in staying the con?
The explosion is supposed to have been*
purely accidental; some boys having been
seen engaged"- in amusing themselves with
shells. It was certainly not caused by
any military order,
Scraps of Ti3iE.?Try what you can
make of the broken fragments of time:
Clean up its golden dust?those raspings
a^jd- parin'gs of precious duration?those
leavings of days and remnant hours which
so many are sweeping, out into the vast
waste of existence. Perhaps, If you be
a miser of moments?if }Tou befrugal, and
hoard up odd minutes, andhalf hours and
unexpected bdidays?your "careful glean?
ing may eke you a- long, and. useful lito
and you may die at last richer in exis?
tence than multitudes whose time is all
Fayetteville, 2.?Reliable 'intelligence
from Cheraw this forenoon states that
Sherman is still in that vicinity with three
army corps. His left wing had taken the
Tillarr's' ferry road towards Cheraw, and
the others wero crossing lower down!"?
Skirmishing was going, on day on tho
28th near Thompson's Creek, about four
miles from town.
Prisoners were being, brought in in
Our .cavalry was'holding the enemy in
check, and troops had already gone out
to reinforce those at Thompson's Creek.
A Touching Incident of the War.
A correspondent of tho New York T; U
bune, with Gen. Sheridan's army. inakes\
the'following notice cf Sheridan's head?
quarters, and the death of Col. John-Mar?
shall, the grandson of Chief Justice Mar?
shall, in the fight of the 35th of Novem?
.Gen. Sheridan had made his headquar- ??
ters at Bartonvillo, the venerable country
seat, for more than a century past, of tho
Bartons, who were1 formerly one of the'
most wealthy and aristocratic families'of
The fine old stone mansion was origi?
nally built for a fort, and 'was long pceu:
pied as a frontier post in the olden times,
and often garrisoned against the Indian??;
Washington himself id said to have slept
within its walls.
It stands on the valley pike, facing
westward, at the crossing of the Opc
quan, and its massivo walls, still bomb?
proof; though enlarged, and 'surrounded
with everything new and elegant, sug?
gests all that is ivy-grown and venera?
ble in an American family history. . .
[? Its broad, acres, now fenceless and
wasted, and its beautiful lawn, now scared
in the light of crowded camp-fires, afford
! one of the. saddest pictures of the desohr
tion of war
A beautiful child now stands upopTtfco
jtorfch, a girl of ten summers, rosy and
bright, Fannie Marshall-by name, a great
grand-daughtei' of the distinguished chief
justice of the.United States.. She clings
to the hand-of Major-General Sheridan,
who listens to hor prattle, and looks- up
inquiringly into Iiis lace as the sound of
distant cannon comes nearer to warn him .
ho is needed in the front.
. General Sheridan is a good locking
man, in spite of tho wrctehedjj pictures of
him which prcvaiLuiud by no means the'
brutal ruffian which ho is" represented to
bq, but a most genial, kindhearted, amia?
ble-man, with a face running over with K
smiles j and disposition full of humor and
even boisterous good nature.
As he* stoops to caress the fair child,
the human for a moment cvidcntl3T sub?
dues the heroic,'for he lingers at the part?
ing as if he knew, what theebud'does not
that her father. (Col. John Marshall of
the Confederate army,) is the gallant cfrl
cer who e'o fiercely pressed forward the
of his homestead, and whom it is his duty
to sweep from the very hearth'sloiic of
On come the Confederate troopers, ev?
idently urged by more 'tha? ordinary zeal
and impetuosity. .Charge follows charge
and volley answers volley. 0ur bravesE
are falling; tho line wavers; even Custar
is forced backward; and the Confederate
father rushes homeward to'his wife and
A strange light kindles in Sheridan's
eye. He no longer smiles, but-hastiiy and
gently caresses the child, and after order?
ing his>iieadqnarters niftre to the rear as'
the hostile cannori" come near, with all tho
soldier again in his face.lie presses rapidly
to the front.
Alas for tho sad fate of wrr: ti.v. pres?
ence of Sheridan is inevitable death and
destruction" to the enemy.' . ?
He had scarcely reached the fi>ld cro
the"gallant Col.-Marshall is slain at the
head of his command, while bravely pre
^ig forward-immediately in front of his
homestead, and not three miles distant
Character is Poweh,?It is often said ?
that knowledge is power, and this is true.
Skili of faculty of any kind carries with
it superiority. So to a certain extent,
wealth is power and ranleis power; frtJG
intellect u power, and genius has a t'rr.n
cendant gift of mastery Over men. But
higher, purer and better than all. more
constant in its inilucncc, more lasting in
its sway, is the power of character, that
power w"hrc& ehvr.nates from ? pure and
lofty mind/ Take any community; who
is the man' of most influence? To whom
do all look up with reverence?- Kot tin?
"smartest" man, nor<?-the cleverest politi?
cian, nor'tire most brilliant'talker; but he
who, in a long course of years, tried by
the'extremes of prosperity and adversity
? has approved himself to the judgment of
his neighbors, and of all who" have seen
his life, as worthy to bp called good and
Don't " Belong to Them.?A drunken
soldier, a few nights since, was being con?
veyed to tho guard house for riotous con?
duct. Confed. quietly submitted, and as
he was hall carried,' bal?forced along,.ex?
claimed, " You may gag, shoot, hang or
kill this individual'; But, no matter what
you do, I want in distinctly understood! ..
doh'fc belong to tliat d?d Wheeler cavalry
An officer of Sherman's army is raising
a wh&e regiment in Charleston.'