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"Extracts from Gov. Perry's Mes?
The Presidentof the United States has
manifested a generous and patriotic so
licitade for the restoration of the South?
ern States to all their civil and political
rights under the Constitution and laws of
tlie United States. He desires to see the
Federal-UnTon reconstructed as it was
before the secession of those States; and
he will oppose the centralization of pow?
er in Congress, and the infringement of
the constitutional rights of the States,
with" the same zeal, energy, and power
with which he resisted the assumed right
of secession on the part of the States. In
order to accomplish this re-union of the
States, the President desires that South
Carolina, as, well as all the other States
in rebellion, should accept as inevitable
?and unavoidable the groat final results of
African slavery, which was a cherished
institution of South Carolina from her
earliest colonial history, patriarchal in its
character,* under which tho negro has
multiplied and increased with a rapidity
proving that he has been kindly cared for
and protected, is gone, dead forever, nev?
er to bo revived <Jr hoped for in the future
of this State. Under the war-m:iking
l>owcr, ,the military authorities of the
United State's have abolished slavery in
all the speeding States. The oath you
have.solemnly" taken-to "abide by and
faithfully support all laws and proclama?
tions which have been made daring the
existing rebellion,, with reference to the
emancipation of slaves," requires you, in
good faith, to abolish .slavery in ytv-r new
or amended Constitution. The express
terras on which pardons have been'issucd,
stipulate that you shall never again own
or .employ slave labor. It is likewise al?
together probable that . the proposed
amendment to the Federal Constitution,
?abolishing slaverj-, will be adopted b}r
" three fourths of the States and become a
part of th,c Constitution. Morcovor,"it is
impossible for SoutU? Carolina ever to
regain her civil rights and be restored to
the Union till* she voluntarily abolishes i
slavery; and declares, by an organic law,
that neither "slavery nor involuntary ser?
vitude, except as a punishment for crime,
?whereof the party shall have been duly
convicted," shall ever again exist within
the limits of tho State. Urttil this is
done, we shall be kept under military
rule, and the negroes will be protected as
"freedmen" by tho whole military, force
Of the United States. But I know that
you are all honorable men, as well as pa?
triotic men, and will do your duty faith?
fully to yourselves and your country,
however painful it may be.
tn making this unavoidable change in
your Constitution, abolishing slavery ,, and
whieh will requird the substitution of
aired labor for that of slave labor, it is to
be*hoped that none of thoso evils will be
experienced which some have anticipa?
ted. By a wise, just and humane treat?
ment of your "freedmen" ajid women,
you may attach them to you as strongly
in then* new condition as they were whilst
your slaves. They will soon learn to sec
and^feol their dependence on 3-ou, and
know that,their interests require them to
be true and tait-hf ul to you. It is to be
expected, that so great and sudden a
change as this in the condition of the ne?
gro will produce at first, eonfnsioh; idle
ness and dissatisfaction. This, however,
will only-bo ? temporary. Time and
experience must bring order and system.
.The "freodman". wall soon find out that
he must either "work or perish. Legisla?
tion will necessarily bo required to regu?
late the relative duties of tho employer
and employee. .
? *-' * *' *
The question of suffrage, and who shall
exercise tho right of voting in South Car-,
olina, is one of grave importance, and
must bo settled by you in your new Con?
stitution. In 1790, the-State Constitution
declared that no one"should be allowed to
vote unless he was a freeholder or tax?
payer and a free white man of the age of
twenty-one years. In 1810, tho right of
suffrage was extended^ to all free white
men of the ago of twenty-one, who wnere
residents of tho Stato two years 'and of
tho Election District six months previous
to voting. 'Tl^e qualification of a free?
hold or the payment of a tax was no
longer required. It was though t proper
I at that period that a free white man who
had to serve in the militia, do -patrol du?
ty, work on the roads, and defend his
country in time of war, should be allowed
to vote for members of the Legislature
and other officers of tho State, without
the ownership of a freehold or the pay?
ment of taxes. To extend this universal
suffrage to the "freedmcn" in their pres?
ent- ignorant and degraded condition,
would be little less than folly and mad?
ness. It would be giving to the man of
wealth and huge landed possessions in
the State a most undue influence in all
elections. He would be enablod to march
to the polls, with his two or three hun?
dred "freed mcu" as employees, voting as
he directed, and control all elections: The
.poor white men in the Eelectijn Districts
would have no influence, ortheirinfluence
would be overpowered by one man of
large landed estate. In Connecticut^
Ohio, Sndiapa, Illinois, and several other
non-slaveholding . States, at the .North,
ffcee negroes and- colored persons are eti
tircly excluded from voting. In most of i
the Northern Statea thero is a property
qualification required of all voters, which
excludes them. If the New York- quali?
fication of a freehold for a person of col?
or voting wore adopted in South Caroli?
na, very few of tire "freedmcn" in this
State would ever be able to exercise the
right of suffrage. In North Carolina,
Tennessee, and perhaps other slavehold
ing States, free negroes formerly* were en?
titled to vote, but it is understood that
they seldom saw proper to exercise this
. The Eadical Republican party North
.arclooking with great interest to the ac?
tion of the Southern States in reference
to negro suffrage, and whilst they admit
that a man should, bo able to read ?and
write and have a property qualification
in order to vote, yet they contend that
there should be no distinction between
voters on account of color. They forget
that this is a white man's government,
and intended for white men onlj-; and
that the Supreme Court of the United
States has.dccided that the negro is not
an American citizen under the Federal
Constitution. That each and every Stute
of the Union has tho" unquestioned 'right
of deciding for herself who shall exercise
the right of suffrage, is beyond all dis
pnte. You will settle this grave question
as the interest and honor of the State de?
Gloomy asthe present may seem, .the
future will be* bright and glorions'.'"Noth
irjg is ever likely to occur again to mar
the harmony of the Union. The great
cause of dissension between the two sec?
tions has been removed. There are no
rival interests. The North and the South
are mutually necessary to each other, and
all the pursuits of the one are dependent
o'n those of'the other. The United States,
as n whole, combine all tbo elements of
national prosperity and greatness, in a
higher degree than any other people on
tho.'face of the earth. No empire in tho
world ever united in so eminent a degree
the three great sources of independence,
power and wealth?agriculture, com
mci*ce and manufactures. As long as civ?
ilization continues, this great Republic
will flourish, and increase in numbers,
wealth and grandeur. It can only crum?
ble and break into fragments when igno?
rance and darkness shall havo pervaded
South Carolina, as an integral part of
this great power, must partako of its
richness and prosperity." The abolition of
slavery will give new energy and self
reliance to our people, stimulate industry
and promote economy in all the vocations
of life. ".In less than ten years-we shall
realize in the loss of slavery a blessing in
disguise, to ourselves and our children.
In resuming her allegiance to the Uni?
ted States, I know that South Carolina
does so in good faith, and with perfect
sincerity lo her plighted hon?T. As ehe
was tho first to lead off in this great and
most unfortunate secession movement, it
now becomes her duly to set a bright ex?
ample of loyalty to tho other Southern
States, in returning to the Union, and
cheerfully performing all the obligations
to the Federal Government. She will re-^
colve, in return, from that .Government, a
restoration of all her civil and political
rights as a sovereign State, with a gene
. ral amnesty for the past.
Gen. Marmaduke, known as a/promi?
nent officer in tho late rebellion, is the
first one to avail hrmse1' of the privilege
to go abroad, and remain without tho
United States during tho pleasure of the
Government, and has received a passport
- ? .
Official documents at Raleigh show that
North Carolina furnished 118,160 troops
for the rebel army,
From the Boston Courier.
- Sympathy with the South. -
It is still a reproach in"certain circles
to be called a sympathizer with the South.
An American may sympathize with Mex?
ico or Brazil, Russia, India or China,
without any. imputation npon his patriot?
ism or morals, but to have a kindly feel?
ing toward his own flesh and blood, his
countrymen of the South, is in those cir?
cles still discreditable, still "disloyal."
To speak well of the Southern people in
any respect, commend their courage, ad?
vert to the sudden and wonderful devel?
opment of mechanical skill and industry
among them .during the war; to their
perseverance and endurance; or to praise
the good faith and good spirit in which,
the war over, they have submitted to its
award and gone to* work t? reinstate
themselves as faithful citizens, all tfiis ex?
poses ono to malevolent imputations.
With tho^ people to which wo allude noth?
ing upon the subject is acceptable that is
not depredatory, condemnatory, defam?
ing, insulting. A fallen foe excites no
pity in their hearts; the gospel of hate
which has fed them for so many years
has eradicated tho very germ of all gen?
tle sentiments toward the objects of their
And yet to an nr.warped nature noth?
ing would seem more deserving of pit}*,
and sympathy than these eight millions
j of our fellow-citizens. It is true their
leaders led some a.id forced more of them
into rebellion,.but how have they suffer?
ed for their fault! ? .War never more thor?
oughly scourged, impoverished,, ruined
au}- country in four short years than that.
All the accumulated capital, the result of
decades ^of prosperous agriculture, is
swept away. This nm- be replaced, it is
true, but it will never be replaced by those
who have lost it, and but in a small de?
gree even by their descendants, for they
are dead, Over two-thirds of all the men
enlisted in many of tho States have dis?
appeared. Another generation of anoth?
er people must replace them, and inherit
the poor remains of what was^ theirs.
Thousands upon thousands-of families,
once comfortable and happy in their
homes as any that tho world has ever
seen, are now destitmte, suffering, de?
prived of all stay and support, and de?
pendent upon charity and lljo scanty re?
turns of their own labor for- a hare sub?
sistence. It would seem that any degree
of enmity might be satisfied with this?
even that of-a philanthropist.
But the temper to which wo allude,
though it exists, is not the dominant tem?
per of the people. Thej- do sympathize
with their lately rebellious countiymen,
and none more, warmly than those whose
hands have chastised them for their trea?
son. A brave foe, bravely vanquished
and now submissive, excites in the sol?
diers of our armies ho feeling but a desiro
to aid him in restoring the prosperity of
tho past, and rebuilding the Republic in
inbie than its pristine ?randeur ai.d ylo
ry. And indeed this is in a great degree
the actual work awaiting our disbanded
heroes. After a brief visit to their old
homes, multitudes of them will return to
tho South, and find thcro better opportu?
nities for their energies than the North
can afford them. They will go to assist,
in Jjuilding.up a free South, carrying with
them Northern thrifts and Northern
methods of labor, and by their assistance
and example firing tho Southern heart
with friendly omulalion in the work of
renewing tho old and opening new ways
of prosperous enterprise. Settling in the
South, they will feel its interests to be
.their own, and will heartily join the na?
tive people in resisting tyranny, claiming
and asserting the same liberties for their
new home that was theirs by right in the
old. There is nothing in the way 6f com?
plete fraternization ' between emigrants
from the North and the Southern people,
who 'are even now calling for them to
come and help. The same blood flows in
the veins of both, the same thoughts and
'aspirations, the same courage to encoun?
ter and subdue tho obstructions of na?
ture, tho same principles of liberty, and
the same glorious recollections of the old
past, the brotherhood of the revolution,
tho war of 1812, and the Mexican cam?
paigns?all bind them far more strongly
than tho past struggle can. separate; and
the same future now assured to both
guarantee a unity and community of
heart againat which no narrow sectional
hatred can ever prevail.
Gov. Sharkey, of Mississippi, has issued
a proclamation calling on the people to
form two companies in each county, one
of cavalry and the other of infantry, for
the purpose of putting a stop to murders
and robberies. ' ?
The corn crop in tho Valley of Vir?
ginia, it is said, promise agobd yield. But
fow farmers will raise any pork.
TROOPS TO BE ENTIRELY WITHDRAWN FROM
W AsniNGTON, Sept. 16.?It is under?
stood here, that it is contemplated by the
President to entirely withdraw the troops
from the South, in a short time, leaving
the States lately in rebellion to re-organi?
zation on the basis of civil government,
precisely as they stood before the late war,
with tho exception of slavery. This policy
is said to have arisen through the good
sense of the leading So cithern men. them?
selves, in accepting the present position of
affairs, as disclosed in the interview be?
tween President Johnson and a conside?
rable deputation of their leading men at,
the White House, the other day. Thus,
the late slave States will have hardly a
soldier left among them, save such as may
be required to garrison the several forts;
and these, as in the Northern.States, will
be retained in active service only for the
purpose of meeting any emergency that
may arise from the action of foreign pow?
APPLICATIONS FOR PARDONS.
There is no perceptible abatement from
any quarter in the applications for pardon.
Thousands on thousands are filed away fri
the Attorney-General's office, and other
thousands at the "White House. Shelving
is being erected in the room of the pardon
clerk, capable of. holding hundreds of
thousands of applications, and unless some
more expeditious method be devised for
passing upon them, the shelf room Will all
soon be needed. It is estimated that not
less than one hundred thousand separate
amnest}r oaths have already been received
at the ?State Department. Two clerks are
constantly engaged assorting and filing
these, but months would be necessary to
arrange those now on hand, if no more
were received. In the meantime, the
magnitude of the clerical work necessary
to pardon one hundred thousand persons
by the present method is but imperfectly
understood by the public at large. Its
present progress is a transparent farce,
incompatible with the dignity of the gov?
ernment, and slvould thcreforo be aban?
a new ?proclamation BY the president.
Washington, September 14.?It is as?
serted that another amnesty'proclamation
will soon be issued, by President Johnson.
The manliness with which the Southern
people havo submitted to the conditions
imposed on them by the fortunes of war,
as well as tlie condition of that section,
has decided the President on issuing an?
other amnesty proclamation, broad and
generous in its provisions. He knows the
people of the South, and is satisfied that
they will act in good faith with the Fed?
eral Government. This is also rendered
necessary by the vast number" of petitions
for pardon, which have accumulated to
that cxtcntjthat it"wo*ld require years to
examine them. It is-probable, too, that
it will have been hastened, to some ex?
tent, by threats of impeachment by the
radicals; for Andrew Johnson, when an?
gered, is not only obstinate, but dogmatic.
He hates secession, but has a contempt
for the Abolitionists.
Tho change in the policy as to aban?
doned lands, out of which the agents of
tho Freodmen's Bureau, expected to make
fortunes, was a bombshell into the radical
camp. It was a scheme for gigantic plun?
der, and so soon as the-President was in?
formed of its practical working, he caused
to be issued the order which restores pro?
perty to its lawful owners. There can be
no confiscation without duo process of
law. Tho President stands by tho Con?
. The radicals of the Butler-Wilson school,
who thought they could mould Andrew
Johnson, to their bold, bad schemes, aro
bitter and revengeful over their discom?
fiture. They will wago war relentlessly
on the Executive, but the pcople.will sus?
tain in him in all the measures which will
produce complete restoration, and consor
queutly the earliest prosperity.
- ? . ?
"I am not, and never have been in fa?
vor of making voters or jurors of negroes,
nor of qualifying them to hold offices or
to intermarry with the white people; and"'
I will say, in addition to this, that thero
is a physical difference botween the white
and black races," which I believe will for?
ever forbid tho two races living together
on terms of social and political equality.
And inasmuch as they cannot so live,
while they do remain togethor, there must
be tho position of superior and inferior;
and I, as much as any other man, ?m in
favor of having the superior position as?
signed to the white race, to which I be?
A brother of Maj. Gen. Rosseau, U. S.
A-, who was a private in the Confed?
erate army, has boon confined in tho New
Orleans parish prison for the last two
Tuesday; September 19, ? 1865.?The
Convention met at 11 a. m., and wasfopes
ed with prayer by the Rev. B. M. Paimer.
On motion of Mr. Rion, the resolution
in relation to the number of members of
Congress, and.re-districting the Stato, was
taken up and agreed to, and the Presi?
dent appointed tho following committee.
Messrs. B. P. Dunkin, "Weutherley, Gail
lard, Ball, Chisolm, Brabham", Boozer,
Mills, Evins, Barnett, Ross,. Bratton.
Mr. Ilerndon introduced a resolution, .
that no member of cither brtfhch of the
Legislature shall be allowed to tako his
seat until he shall subscribe the following
oath or affirmation: " And I do "further
swear (or affirm) that' I have not gained
my election, either directly or indirectly,
by bribing, treating, or any other immoral
Messrs. Farrow, Robertson, Bolljng, Lc
sense, Dudley, Hcmphill, Hearst nnd
others, submitted reports from Various
committees; which were ordered for con?
Mr. Dudley submitted a report on the '
resolution of inquiry as to the propriety
of substituting the word " County", for^
"District" in the Constitution.
Mr. Hammond made a report on reso?
lutions to raise a police force; which was
Tho Convention proceeded to the con?
sideration of general orders?report of the -
Committee on Ordinances and Resolu?
tions, on an Ordinance to declare slavery
abolished, and on other papers referred.
Sundry amendments wero proposed,
and the following was finally adopted, by .
a vote of yeas 98, hays 8:
"The slaves in South Carolina having'
been de facto emancipated by tho action
of the Government of tho United States,
neither slavery nor involuntry servitude,
except as a punishment of crime, whereof
the party shall have been duly convicted,
shall ever bo re-established in this State.".
Mr. Melton, from tho Engrossing Coui
mitto, reported an Ordinance to repeal
the Ordinance of Secession, as engrossed
and ready ?for ratification; which was
forthwith ratified in due form.
The Convention adjourned at half-past
3 p. m., to meet to-morrow at 10, a. m.
Wednesday, Sept. 20,1865.?The Con?
vention was opened with prayer by Ret.
A. W. Moore.
Mr. McMaster introduced*the following
resolution, which was ordered to be print?
ed, and to bo laid on tho table:
llesolved, That the Governor shall al?
ways reside, during the sitting of the
Legislature, at the place w-ficrc the ses?
sion may be held ; at all other times ho
shall habitually reside at Columbia, so
loi)?* as it remains the seat of Govern-"
The report of the Committee on Ordi?
nances and Resolutions, in relation to
electors of President and Vice-Presidcnt
of the United States, was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Sims, tho privileges
Of the floor ?f thcHali-of the Convention
were extended to Gen. M. W. Gary.
Mr. McGowan introduced the following
as an addition to the 4th Section of the
'?Ordinance to declare in force tho Con?
stitution and Laws heretofore in force,"
"Provided, however, That in caso suit
shall be brought upon any such contracts
or obligations, not by their terms payable
in gold, or in other specifiod manner, and
entered into between the first day of
January, A. D.. 1863, and th'e tenth day
of May, 1865, the measure of recovery
shall be the true value at the time of trial,
of tho property contracted for; but in
ascertain^this value reference'shall be
had to tho condition of the property at
tho time of contract. And in all such
cases, the defendant ma}-show such value
without specially pleading the same."
Resolutions as to the Constitution of
the State, was ordered to bo laid on the
table. ? ' ' ' .
Mr. Andrews announced the following
amendment to the third section of the
first article of the Constitution, proposing
to strike out the section and insert the
following, which was agroed to:.'
"Each Judicial District in the State
shall constitute ono Election District, ex?
cept Charleston District, which shall be
divided into three Election Districts. The
first consisting of all that part of the city,
of Charleston which lies "East of the mid?
dle thread of King street in said city,
throughout its whole -extent, and' to be
called Charleston District East; the
second, of all that part of tho city which
lies West of the same line., and to be
called Charleston District West;' and the
third, consisting of all that part of the
Judicial District which is without the
corporate limits of the city, and to bo
known as the'Election District of Wash?
I After the reception of several reports
of Committees, the Convention adjourned.
Thursday, September 21.~The mem?
bers of the Convention assembled, tho
President took.the Chair, and the pro?
ceedings epened with prayer by the Rev.
Messrs. Dawkins and Dudley submit?
ted reports of committees; which ?wero
ordered' to be printed and laid on tfio ta?
Messrs. Dunkin and Farrow submitted
various reports of committees; which
were ordered for consideration to-morrow.
Z\Ir, Androws introduced-tho following,
which was agreed' to: No member, on
addressing the Convention, shall, at any?
time, occupy the floor for more than fif?
teen minutes, without the consent of the
Saturday. Sept. 23.?The.President
took the'Chair, and tho proceedings were
opened with prayer. ..
* Messrs. Mclver, Dudley and others, pre?
sented reports from suridry 'committees.
Mr. Furman. from the Committee'ot
Ways and Means, made a report on reso-.
lotion as to providing for the expenses pf
the Con7ention, which was ordered for
Mr. Boyce introduced a resolution that
a Revising Comraitteejof Five be appoint?
ed, to whom shall be referred all Consti,
tutiortal provisions agreed to by tho<Jo(n
vention, which was 3greecl to. . Where-.
upon the President announced Messrs.
Inglis, Orr, Lesesne, Dudley and Daw
The Convention resumed the eonside
ratjpA-tjf the report of the Committee on
the Executive Department on various
Mr; Rion introduced a resolution, which
was agreed to; that it be referred to the
Committee on the Executive Department
to inquire and report upon the propriety
of giving to the Governor a qualified veto.
Mr. Orr, offered the following resolu?
tion,which was ordered to be printed: "The
Secretary of State, Comptroller-General,
and* Treasurer, shall be elected by the
qualified voters of" tho State, at tho same
general elect :on~ when the Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor are elected."
The report-of the Committee on the
Judieial Department, on a proposition
that the Judges and Chancellors t?e ap?
pointed by the Governor, subject to the
confirmation of the Senate, wasagreedto.
Mr. Melton introduced an ordinance to
provide for the first ensuing election of
Governor and Lieutenaht-Governor, and
for Members of the first ensuing General
Assembly of the State of South Carolina;
which was) ordered to be printed, and to
be laid on tho table.
Mr. Jones introduced the following res?
olution: which was referred to the Com?
mittee on Amendments to the Constitu?
Resolved, That hereafter -there shall
be a capitation tax laid, by the General.
Assembly, ou all male inhabitants of this
State, between tho ages of' twenty-one
and fifty years, which shall never be less'
than one-fourth of the .tax - laid on one .
hundred dollars worth of land.
Mr. Black introduced*a resolution;
which was referred to the Committee on
Amendments to the Constitution: The
General Assembly is forever hereafter
prohibited from exempting .the property
of any corporation, association or indi?
vidual from taxation.
Grand Master C. G. Wintersmith, of
Kentucky, has issued an appeal to the
leading members of the Masonic Order in '
the United States, calling a convention to
meet in Louisville, on the second Monday
in October, to aid in bringing back tho
old harmony "rckween ?11 sections oi the
President Johnson has declined to in?
terfere with the action of the Southern
Bishops. He says they may "unite with
the Northern Church or not, just as they
please. The pressure of the radicals was.,
strong; but. in reply to" their remon?
strances, he sakl the Constitution gave'
him no power to interfere; it was silent
on the subject.
The Auburn (New York) Advertiser, Mr
Seward's horie organ, says: "Lot us pause
a moment to take observations. The sol?
diers have returned from the war. rXhey
are a,power in the land. Let us consult.
them. Unless, they are in favor of negro
suffrage their votes will defeat the party,
and the candidates for office who favor it."
Ex-Senator Footo has written a letter
to Governor Brownlow, of Tennessee,
asking for a recommendation of pardon.
Winchester was occupied, during the
war, by Federal and Confederate' trdops, i
Goneral Custis Lee has been appointed
Professor in the Virginia Military Insti?
tute to fill the chair formerly occupied by