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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, January 25, 1866, Image 1

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The Intelligencer
IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY
-AT THEEE DOLLARS PER ANNUM,
IN U. S. CURRENCY,
OB, 32.00 A YEAR IN SPECIE.
-tm-*i-m
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Advertisements inserted at tho rates of One Dol?
lar per square of twelve lines for the first insertion
? anil Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. 1
'Obituaries and Marriage Notices charged for at
?theso rates.
?fr
ACES-QF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
-an act to amend the law known as
the " Stay Law."
Be iUenacted by^he"Scnate and Bouse of
Representatives, now met and sitting in Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
same, That the Act of the General Assem?
bly, entitled "An Act to Extend Relief
to Debtors, and to Prevent the Sacrifice
of Property at Public Sales," passed the
"twenty-first day of December, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one, and all Acts amending said
Act, be, and tho same are, hereby con?
tinued in force, until the adjournment of
the next regular session of this General
Assembly, and that nothing herein con?
tained shall be construed to apply to any
cause of action arising ex delicto, nor to
any process of distress for the collection
of rent.
II. That nothing herein contained shall
be construed to apply to any cause of ac?
tion which may hereafter originate; nor
shall any debtor be entitled to plead the
benefit of this Act, who shall fail, if de?
manded, at least three months previously,
to pay, on or before the first day of De?
cember next, one-tenth of the aggregate
amount of the debt and interest due at
the time such demand is made; but in
such cases, the creditor shall be at liberty
to proceed to judgment, as if this Act had
not been passed, and to enter execution,
provided that no execution so obtained
shall,, during the continuance of this Act,
be enforced for more than the costs and
one-tenth of the aggregate am uut of the
debt and interest.
III. Xcither shall any debtor on final
process now subsisting, bo entitled to the
benefit of this Act, who shall fail, if de?
manded, at least three months previously,
by the creditor, or his or h&r attorney, to
pay, on or before tho first lav of Decem
"ber next, the costs and one-tenth part of
the aggregate amount of principal and in?
terest due on such process, at the time of
such demand. And when such debtor, on
demand made as aforesaid, shall fail to pay
ae aforesaid, it shall and may bo lawful for
such creditor to enforce such process for
tho costs and one-tenth part of tho aggre?
gate amount of principal and interest due.
IV. During the continuance of this Act,
the Statutes of Limitations be, and are
suspended against tho claims of all persons
in possession of property of debtors on
final process, and on which such process
may have a lien.
In the Senato House, the twentieth day
?of December, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty
five.
\Y. D. TORTER,
Speaker of the Senate.
C. H. SIMONTON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Approved: James L. Orr.
' an ACT to Regulate the Distillation
? of Spirituous Liquors.
Be it enacted by the Senate dud House of
Representatives, now net and sitting in Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority af-the
same, That hereafter it shall be unlawful
for any person in this State to bo en?
gaged in tho distillation of spirituous
liquors from or out of any grain or other
substance, except raw sorghum and the
" ordinary fruits in their season, without a
license therefor from the Commissioners
of Public Buildings of the District in which
such person shall be so engaged.
II. That before the license hereinbefore
mentioned shall be granted, the person or
persons applying for the same shall pay
into the hands of the Commissioners of
Public Buildings of the District in which
such application shall be made, the sum
of two hundred dollars, on and for each
and evory still, or other apparatus used in
tho distillation of spirituous liquors, ex?
cept from fruits, as aforesaid; which li?
cense shall not bo granted fov a longer
period than twelve months.
III. That a violation of any of the pro?
visions contained in this Act shall subject
the person so offending to indictment as
for a high misdemeanor, and, upon con?
viction thereof, such person shall bo fined
in a sum not less than five hundred nor
more than two thousand dollars, and im?
prisoned not less three months nor more
than two years; two hundred and fifty
dollars of which fine shall go to the prose?
cutor, who shall bo a competent witness1
on behalf of the State.
In the Senato House, tho twenty-first day
ot December, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty
TV. D. PORTER,
President of the Senate.
C. H. SIMONTON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Approved: James L. Orr.
AN ACT to Authorize Farmers and
Planters to Give Their Books in
- Evidence in Certain Cases.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives, now met and sitting in Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
same, That from and after the passage of
this Act, books of original entry kept by
farmers and planters, relating to the
transactions of their farms or plantations,
shall be receivable in evidence in all trials
in which the business or transactions of
their farms or plantations shall be called
in question, as between the farmer or
planter and his employees, in the same
manner as books of merchants and shop?
keepers now are.
In the Senato House, the twenty-first day
of December, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty
five.
W. D. PORTER,
President of the Senate.
C. H. SIMONTON.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Approved : Janes L. Orr.
-
Gov. Orr's Message.?The Cincinnati
Enquirer, one of the leading Democratic
journals of the North, comments severely
on that part of the document where Gov.
O. says:
" Where tho rights of a State are disre?
garded, or unconstitutional acts done b}*
any department of the Foderul Govern?
ment, redress can no longer be sought by
interposing the sovereignty of the State,
tillier for nullification or secession; but
the remedy is by petition or remon?
strance, by reason, which sooner or later,
will overtake justice; by an appeal to the
supreme judicial power of the Union, or
by a revolution, which, if unsuccessful, is
treason.
" The decision was far more imposing
and obligatory than if it had been pro?
nounced by the Supreme Court of the
United States."
The Enquirer thus replies to the senti?
ments :
"If they are correct for South Carolina,
tluy arc not so for Ohio. Ohio has not
yet been conquered, and in respect to her
sovereignty, the same principles ot gov?
ernment which were true ten years ago
are true to-day.
" If the doctrines of Governor Orr havo
in reality become fixed in our Govern?
ment, as if by the court of the highest
constitutional authority, the political revo?
lution which has taken place through the
war is one of the most unhappy charac?
ter. The people of this fiee country can
hardly a fiord to have physical force in?
augurated as the supreme ruling princi?
ple in government. If they can, the less
they say of their political liberty tho bet?
ter."
-o
Gov. Cox on Treason Trials.?Gov.
Cox of Ohio is somewhat in advanco of
his party. During Ins canvass, it will be
rocollccted that he declined, under evon
the pressure of some of his supporters to
commit himself to negro suffrage. He
has now gone further from his faction by
taking ground, with something like
statesmanlike foresight, against the trial
of Southern gentlemen in tho position of
Mi*. Jefferson Davis. In his message to
the present Legislature of Ohio, he says,
that tho facts of the last four years show
- the absurdity of raising the question al?
ready settled by the high arbitrament of
nations, and putting it in jeopardy before
a trial by jury." Governor Cox has the
capacity to see that, as the case stands
now, the verdict is with the Federal
States; and he points attention, under
theso circumstances, to the fact 'that it
would bo absurd, in order to gratify a
feeling of vindictivencss against Mr. Da
vis, to open a new issue in which the
world will consider two parties in tho
hox?the Federal States and the Confed?
erate States?under trial for what Mr.
Johnson calls "the highest crime known
to the laws."?New Yuri; News.
-??
Beauty or a Woman's Arm.?"Who has
not felt the beauty of a woman's arm?
?the unspeakable suggestions of tender?
ness that lie in the dimpled elbow, and all
the varied gently lessing curves down to
the delicate wrist, with its tiniest, almost
imperceptible, nicks in the firm softness?
A woman's arm touched tho soul of a
I great sculptor 2,000 years ago, so that ho
wrought an image of it for tl;e Parthen
ian, which moves us still as it clasps lov?
ingly the time worn marble, a headless
trunk.
Gov. Walker, of Florida.
The Hon. I). S. Walker was recently
elected Governor of Florida, and from
his able and excellent inaugural address
we make the following extracts, which
arc worthy of perusal :
In alluding to tho expression of opin?
ion by leading men before the actual in?
auguration of war, Gov. "Walker said :
"Mr. Greely, then, as now, a great lead?
er of Northern sentiment, bad said that
'he could not see how twenty millions of
people could rightfully hold ten, or even
five, in a Union with them, by military
force;' and again, 'that if seven or eight
States' should send agents to "Washington
to say, "we want to get out of the Un?
ion," he should feel constrained to say,
"Let them go." ' In this connection he
also quoted the Declaration of Indepen?
dence, that 'Governments arc instituted
for the benefit of the governed, and that
when any form of government becomes
destructive of these ends, it is the right of
the people to alter or abolish it, and to
institute a new government,"' &c.
"Mr. Lincoln, prior to his first election,
had acknowledged this principle, with the
addition that not only a people, but any
part of a people, being sufficient in num?
ber to make a respoctablo government,
might set up for themselves. Mr. Tyler,
a late President of tho United States,
held to the doctrine of secession, and Mr.
Buchanan, the then President of the Uni?
ted said, just before tho commencement
of the war, that while he thought a State
had no right to leave tho Union, yet, if
she should leave it, tho remaining States
would have no right to coerco her return.
"Amidst these'Various and conflicting
views, all supported by tho highest au?
thority, it is no wonder that our people
should have become bewildered, or that,
being forbidden by the stress of events to
remain neutral, some should have ad?
hered to tho Union and others to fbe
"State.
"For these reasons, I repeat, that if I
shall be permitted to administer the gov?
ernment, I shall know no distinction bo
tween citizens on account of past politi?
cal differences. I shall take it for grant?
ed that all have done what they conceiv?
ed to be their duty under the circumstan?
ces, and the only question I shall ask con?
cerning any one presented to me for po?
sition will be, 'is he honest, is he capable,
is he attached to the principles of the
Constitution of the United States and to
the Constitution of the State of Florida?'
All shall'have the equal benefit of tho
laws, and, as Heaven is my judge, all
shall equally suffer the keenest penalty of
the laws for any infraction thereof. Law
and order 6hall be maintained."
Regarding tho negro, tho Governor
used this language :
"I think we are bound by every con?
sideration of duty, gratitude and interest,
to make these people as enlightened,
prosperous and happy as their new situa?
tion will admit. For generations past
they been our faithful, contented and
happy slaves. They have been attached
to our persons and our fortunes, sharing
with us all our feelings?rejoicing with
us in our prosperity, mourning with us in
our adversity. If there were exceptions
to this general rule, they woro only indi?
vidual exceptions. Every Southern man
who hears me knows that what I say is
literally truo in regard to tho vast mass
j of our colored- population. The world
has never before seen such a body of
slaves. For, not only in peace but in
war, they have been faithful to us. Du?
ring much of the time of the late unhap?
py difficulties, Florida had a greater num?
ber of men in the army, beyond hor lim?
its, than constituted her entire voting
population. This of course stripped
many districts of their onttre arms-bear?
ing inhabitants, and left our females and
infant children almost exclusively to the
protection of our slaves. They proved
true to their trust. Not one instance of
insult, outrage, or indignity, has ever
come to my knowledge. They remained
at home and made provisions for our ar?
my. Man}- of them went with our sons
to the army, and there, too, proved their
fidelity, attending them well, nursing and
caring for them when sick and wounded.
We all know that many of them were wil?
ling, and some of thorn anxous, to take
up arms in our cause. Although, for sev?
eral years, within sound of the guns,of
tho vessels of the United States, for six
hundred miles along our seaboard, yet
scarcely one in a thousand voluntarily
left our agricultural service to take shel?
ter and freedom under the flag of the
Union. It is not their fault that they are
?freo?they had nothing to do with it;
that was brought about by 'the results
and operations of tho war/
"But they are free. They arc no long?
er our contented and happy slaves, with
an abundant supply of food and clothing
for themselves and families, and tho in
telligcnco of a superior race must look
ahead and make all necessary arrange?
ments for their comfort. They are now
a discontented and unhappy people, many
of them houseless and homeless, roaming
ahout in gangs over the land, not know?
ing one day where tho supplies for the
next are to come from?exposed to the
ravages of diseaso and famine?exposed to
the temptations of theft and robbery, by
which they are too often overcome?with?
out tho intelligence to proyido for them?
selves when well, or to caro for them?
selves when sick, and doomed to untold
sufferings and ultimate extinction, unless
wo intervene for tlieir pyotection and
preservation. 3Vill we do it? I repeat,
wo arc bound to do it, by every conside?
ration of duty, gratitude and interest."
Tho Governor expresses the opinion
that, in reorganizing the labor of the
State, preference should be given to tho
blacks over any whito immigrants. He
adds:
"Considering thtir ignoranco and lia?
bility to be imposed upon, I think it
would bo well for you to provide that
they shall be bound by no contract to la?
bor, unless tho same be reduced to wri?
ting, and acknowledged before some judi
I cinl officer; that a speedy remedy be
given them to collect their wages, and
I O O /
that they recover damages when dismiss?
ed without good cause. And, on tho oth?
er hand, considering how essential it is
to the successful cultivation of our great
staples that those who engage as labor?
ers should remain throughout tho whole
period of scrvico contracted for, I recom?
mend, that a violation, without good
cause, of any contract once fairly enter?
ed into, cither by black or white labor?
ers, be made a misdemeanor, and punish?
able with such penalties as will prevent
the evil."
The Governor urges at great length
the passage of tho Constitutional Amend?
ment, combatting all the objections in de?
tail. Regarding negx-o suffrage ho says :
"Of course we could never accede to
the demand for negro suffrage, should it
be made. "We have manifested that our
lo}*nlty and desire to renew our relations
with the Union are so great that to do
so we are willing to yield everything but
our honor and our conscience. Wo have
all lost much?many of us our all?all
but our honor. Let us preserve that,
though we loso everything else. We have
been able to give an honest and conscien?
tious consent to all that has been done,
but each one of us knows that we could
not give either an honest or a conscien?
tious consent to negro suffrage. There
is not ono of us that would not feel that
he was doing wrong, and bartering his
self-respect, his conscience and his duty
to his country, and to tho Union itsolf,
for tho benefits he might hope to obtaiu
by getting back into tho Union. Much
as I have worshipped the Union, and as
much as I would rejoice to sec my State
once more a recognized member thereof,
it is better, a thousand times better, that
she should remain out of the Union, even
as one of her subjugated provinces, than
to go back 'eviscerated of her manhood,'
despoiled of her honor, recreant to her
duly?without her self-respect, and of
course withont the respect of the balance
of mankind?a miscrablo thing, with tho
seeds ot moral and political death in
herself, soon to be communicated to all
her associates."
The Governor concluded with some
references to his own political course and
history.
University ok South Carolina.?
This institution was opened on Monday,
tho 1st instant. The number of appli?
cants for admission, vwe understand, is
considerable, and is increasing every day.
The following gcntlomon constitute the
Faculty:
Honorable R. W. Barnwcll, Chairman :
School of History, Political Philosophy,
and Economy.
Prof. "W. J. Rivers: School of Ancient
Languages and Literature.
Prof. M. LaBorde: School of Rhetoric,
Criticism, Elocution, and English Lan
guago and Literature.
Prof. J. L. Reynolds : School of Mental
and Moral Philosophy, Sacred Litcra
turo, and Evidences of Christianity.
Gen. E. Porter Alexander: School of
Mathematics, Civil and Military Engi?
neering and Construction.
Prof. John Le Contc; School of Nat?
ural and Mechanical Philosophy, and As?
tronomy.
Prof. Joseph Lo Conto: School of
Chemistry, Pharmacy, Mineralogy and
Geology.
Tho professorship of Modern Lan?
guages and Literature has not yet been
filled.
-o-.
If brooks arc, as poets call them, the
most joyous things in nature, what are
they always murmuring about I
i Letter from Mrs. Jeff. Davis.
The following letter has been address?
ed by Mrs. Jefferson Davis to the Secre?
tary and Agent of tho Ladies' Southern
Association :
Mill View, Ga., Dec. 4, IS65.
T. 13. Clarke, Esq., Secretary and Agent
* L. S. A. Association :
Mv Dear Sir : I am in receipt of your
very kind letter in the name of the La?
dies' Southern Aid Association, having
"for its. object tho purposo of placing"
mo "arid family in circumstances some?
what commensurate with their estimate
of" mo and mine, and begging that I will
at my earliest convenience, designate a
[ place to which tho means so collected
may be conveyed, so that they may
"safely and satisfactorily" reach me.
From our desolated and impoverished
friends I scarcely expected such an ex?
pression of material sympathy, though
my powers of gratitude havo been al?
most daily taxed to thank thoso who
havo, with so much heart eloquence,
pleaded with the President tor him who,
though unsuccessful, has given you all he
could?his best energies?and whoso on?
ly hope of future happiness lies in the
sweet trust, often expressed, that he has
not lost your confidence and love. Igno?
rant of all which his own people have
done for him in his painful captivity, his
devotion is unabated. "Tho unfortunate
havo always been deserted and betrayed,
but did ever man have less to complain
of when ho had lost tho power to servo ?
The multitudo are silent. Why should
they speak save to Him who hoars best
tho words most secretly uttered? My
own heart tells me the sympathy exists,
that the prayors of tho family hearth
are not hushed. Lc loving and confiding
still to those from whom I havo received
much moro than I deserve; far more offi?
cial honors than I ever desired. Thoso
for whose cause I suffer are not unworthy
of tho devotion of all which I had to
give." This is the message of love which
is sent through prison gates to our own
peoplo. I say our people, because both
of us havo been brought up with you; one
of us was born in Mississippi, tho other
came to hor in infancy. These aro my
own people, and it is a privilege of which
no change of circumstances can. deprive
me. To tho accepted prayers of our
widows and orphans, our suffering but
heroic Avomen, our bravo and true men,
our innocent little children, I look for the
restoration to my little children of their
agonized but Christian father. If a mer?
ciful Providence so ordain it, we hopo to
live and die among you, mutually conso?
ling and bearing each others burdens. I
pray God we may not bo drivon from the
home of our childhood, " for how wo can
sing our own songs in a strange land ?"
We would not havo our dear friends be?
trayed by their sympathy in ofloring, for
our us", too much from thoir own " basket
and store." I and mine havo so far been
miraculously cared for and shieldod from
want. We seem ever onvironed by the
love which is reflected upon us from that
which lighted my husband in his dungeon
?softened his prison walls with sunnjf
pictures of loving eyes and outstretchod
arms.
Grief and gratitude seem to impose upon
mo silence., I would, but cannot say more.
I will inclose within this note the names
and directions of gentlemen to whom the
contributions of which you speak may be
inclosed. And instead of the eloquent
voice which so often has poured forth his
love to his dear people, now muto, I offer
a wife's and mother's and a countrywo?
man's gratitude to you and thoso you
represent.
I have tho honor to bo, very gratefully
and sincerely, yours,
VARINA DAVIS.
The Philadelphia Mercury thus pays its
respects to Thad. Stevens and Carl
Schurz: "And who is Mr. Stevens? Not
a Pennaylvanian, thank God, but a Yan?
kee intruder into this State, whose ro
putod wife is a negro, and whose children
aro mulattoes. And who is Carl Schurz?
A wretched adventurer, who, a traitor to
his native land, fled, hither for refuge,
kept a lager beer salcon in this city, and.
failing in that, has lived ever since on the
jjovcrnmont that has rescued him from
the penalty of treason and the obscurity
of a scullion."
-o
A woman who used to attend public
worship with great punctuality, and took
caro always to bo in time, was asked how
it was she could always oome so early.?
She answered vory wisely, " That it was
a part of her religion net to disturb the
religion of others."
-e
'Old age is coming upon me.rapidly/ as
the urchin said when he was stealing ap?
ples from an old man's garden, and saw
the owner coming, cowhide in hand.
Friendly Feelings at the South.
We qpticc occasional statements to tho
effect that Southern clergymen and South?
ern women continue to cherish a bitter
and determined hostility to the North,
and that they take care to show it in ev
I ery possiblo manner. "We are persuaded,
I and not without good reason, that these
statements are for the most part errone?
ous, and that if they are in some instances
true, it is far from among tho best and
most refined social circles that such is the
case. To say that the Southern ladies
outstripped their relatives in a zealous
support of secession, and that pastors
whose male hearers were fighting in tho
field offered up sincere prayers for -their
success, is but to acknowledge a very na?
tural, nay, inevitable, feeling among both
classes. But it is unjust to assert that
the impulsiveness by which they were
swayed is now turned into a sentiment of
mcro spito snd mortified anger. Nay
more, it is not truo.
Reflections upon character, for such
they are, of the kind we refer to, have
more than one evil influence upon socie?
ty. They tend to create that very feel?
ing of distrust and hostility which their
authors affect to lament. They postpone
tho restoration of friendships once deep
and sincere. Thoy cast a shade of hope?
lessness over the minds of many whoso
whole energies should bo directed to the
reorganization of their homo circlesand
the resumption of their industrial pursuits.
Nay more, they aro a stigma upon the
naturo of woman, and upon tho pastoral
office, both North and South. Thero aro
very many of our readers whose reminis?
cences of the affectionate intercourse be?
tween families, which was interruptedJby
tho war, aro warm and tender, and who
look forward to a renewal of that inter?
course. The samo is truo of very many
in tho land of cotton. Nor is there any
reason why the anticipations of both
should not be realized. Tho war inflicted .
bereavements, many and bitter, upon both
sections, and neither can oxult in an im?
munity'from suffering. Tho Southern
ladies know this as well as wo do, and aro
accepting the chastcninga of Providence
as cheerfully as oursolvcs.
What less could be expected of them?
of woman everywhere ? She is the great
consoler of humanity in its nuruest trials !
and her work is now croarly set before
her. The great task of binding up the
nation's wounds belongs to her, no less
than to those who administer the national
affairs, and she will exec;to her portion
of that task with true womanly fidelity.
And the pulpit will not. so change its char?
acter, nor tho pastor so misunderstand his
high office, as that the teachings of Chris?
tianity will be forgotten or ignored. All
that is needed is patience and forbearaneo
on all sides. The end is not far off when
those whose hands are even now stretched
forth toward each other, shall be joined
in the grasp of renewed love and peace.?
New -York Times.
I "Washington, January 15.?In the Sen
I ate, Howard offered a joint resolution,
declaring that, whereas it appears by tho
report of the Secretary of War that Mr.
' Davis and Mr. Clay are held in confine?
ment as having been concerned in the as?
sassination of Mr. Lincoln, and for tho
murder of Federal soldiers held, as pris?
oners of war, that thercforo the Senato
recommend that they be immediately
tried by military commission. The reso?
lution was objected to, and lies over.
In the House the credentials of the
representatives elect from the State of
Arkansas wore presented and referred to
tho Committee on Reconstruction. A
proposition was made, which received
only twelve votes, to allow the negroes
in the District of Columbia to decide by
ballot whether white men should vote.
Stevens offered a resolution, which was
adopted, instructing 'ho Committee on
tho Judiciary to inquire into the expedi?
ency of so amending the act of eighteen
sixty-five relating to the test oath, as to
permit lawyers to practice their profes?
sion without taxing it on a footing with '
other professions. The House resumed
the consideration of the negro suffrage
bill.
-<*>
District Judge.?Concerning the novel
and untried responsibilities of this new
office the Winnsboro News says:
It is a most responsible and delicate
trust; to protect in good faith the negro
in the exercise of new franchise; to adju?
dicate the multiform and perplexed cases
that will be referred to the Court, and to
inaugurate a system of jurisprudence
suitable to " freed men " that will always
act as a pledge of justice to them. As a
novel and original institution, without
precedent or practice to assist and guide
in the administration of its functions,
much must of necessity depend upon the
spirit, of equity of tho first incumbents,
their firmness, sound judgment and strong
practical sense.

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