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BY JAMES A. KOYT.
ANDERSON C. H., S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, 1866.
VOLUME 1.?NUMBER 34.
IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY
AT THREE DOLLARS PER ASHUTSL,
IN U. S. CURRENCY,
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Condition of Uncle Sam?For the
Information of His Nephews
"Pity the sorrows of a poor old man."
There is nothing moro calculated to en?
list tfae -tsympathies of the generous and
tenderhearted than the terrible mental
anxiety ot a poor old gray haired invalid
nncle, who, lying on a bed of sickness,
with his frame racked with torture, and
his constitution shattered by a dire dis?
ease ; has, in addition to all this, the most
terrible mental forebodings, arising from
the dissensions of his nephews and nieces,
who even disturb tho holy sanctity of tho
sick man's chamber by their continued'
wrangling and quarreling.
The poor old gentleman is nearly rela?
ted to us all. His name is Uncle Sam?
uel?sometimes affectionately, not dis?
respectfully, abbreviated into Uncle Sam.
Uncle Sam has always been a good old
fellow, & clever old chap as ever lived.
When we got into that little difficulty,
ninety years ago, with old mother Eng?
land?when we ran out of her house and,
leaving the parental roof, went forth on
the wido, wide world, a baker's dozen of
'^oor unprotected orphans?then it was
that good old Uncle Samuel, with tears
in his eyes, and in the fullness of his bi^
heart, came forward to take us in his ca?
pricious embrace to adopt nf at his own
children and be a kind guardian and fath?
er to us forever and forever.
Now let us make an investigation as to
the present condition of our poor sick
Uncle, what led to it, what remedies are
proposed; and what is best to be dene for
the old gentleman. When Uncle Sam
first took the thirteen orphans under his
charge^ be immediately went to house?
keeping in a moderately sized house j but,
as time grew on apace, the old gentleman
^ other children, till the family he
numerous that it was necessary
a much larger residence at an
enormous rent. The family: however,
had grown too large to occupy the same
house?the children could not get along
peaceably together, and soon began to
wrangte and quarrel. The principal bone
of contention was, that some of the chil?
dren had a number of little black toys in
the shape of men and women j they had
bought and paid for these toys; in fact,
many of them had been stolen by one
portion of the children and sold to the
other, and after the sale those who had
sold them and received pay, wanted to
take them away from the others and
smash them to pieces. From this and
ether causes a dreadful quarrel arose, till
one party plainly showed that it wished
to keep the other entirely under its
thumb. This state of affairs continued
for some time, till at last the larger party
liired a new. housekeeper called Uncle
Abe, who> although a good-hearted, funny
dld gentleman, sided so plainly with his
friends who* had engaged him, that the4
smaller party determined to quit the big
house and rent a smaller one in a place
called Dixie's Land, taking with them the
little black toys, building up a new nur
.sery, and going to housekeeping on thoir
This party called themselves Dixicitcs;
the larger party called themselves Yan
ieeites. Uncle Sam objected to the
broaking up, of the big establishment, and
a row commenced, which was a regular
. knock-down-and-drag-out fight. Every?
body pitched in, even some of the black
toys were -wonnd np, and, taking a pa.it,
soon became again wounded. The fight
was an unequal ono?a large crowd of
big boys, of course, eventually succeeded
in overcoming a small crowd of small
boys. The fight, however, lasted a long
while, and the little fellows kept it up as
long as it was possible for them to hold
out. Meanwhile, Uncle Abo emptied all
of tho boxes of black toy men and women,
and the droll little creatures began to run
about, at largo, like tho little toy mice,
which are wound up clock fashion. Now
the Dixieities really and honestly have
an affection for these littlo toys,
which are associated with the most pleas?
ant reminiscences of their earliest child?
hood, and it grieves them to see them
rudely handled by thoso who do not care
for them in the least. They arc, how?
ever, willing to " accept the situation,"
do without tho toys, and go back into the
big house, like good children, and beg
pardon of good old Uncle Sam. The
kind old gentleman is ready to receive his
penitent nephews and nieces, but some of
their bigger and most unforgiving broth?
ers and sisters are still angry with them,
and wish to compel them to live in the
house in Dixie's Land, although it is en?
tirely unfurnished, and they are desper?
ately poor and unablo to fit it up com?
fortably. This is what worries poor old
Uncle Sam; this is what makes him sad,
and has laid him up in a bed of sickness.
The old gentleman has as big a heart as
ever, and*ne is most anxieus to take the
! poor children back into the big house, to
kiss them and forgive them. Bat one of
the big brothers?a bad boy, named Howe
?cares no more for his uncle than for his
poor brothers and ?isters, and insists on
compeiling themstili to live in the empty,
unfurnished house. This he proposes to
Uncle Sam, and many others of tho un?
forgiving brothers and sisters endorse the
cruel proposition. But Undo Sam has a
big heart, and so has the new housekeeper.
Uncle Johnson, and both of them are
sorely grieved. All of the big brothers,
however, are not so unrelenting; a good
boy, named Doolittlo, has headed a party
who are endeavoring to do a great deal
for peace sake, if the Ho weites are suc?
cessful, tho big house will evcraially bo
broken up entirely, and all parties will
be compelled to go to boarding. ? Should
the Doolittleites succeed, all will be well
?poor old Uncle Sam will smile once
more, and all will go back pleasantly into
tho big house, forget tho past, take care
of the black toys, and be happy now and
in the future.
The South in Congress.
The Hon. C. C. Longdon, formerly edi?
tor of the journal to which ho writes, now
a member of Congress from the Mobile
District, has addressed to the Mobile
Register and Advertiser a letter, dated at
"Washington, on the 4th inst, in which,
after reviewing the very forcibly the ac?
tion of. Congress upon the admission of
the Southern Representatives, he states
that he has" come to the conclusion that
the Southern States will bo deprived of
representation during the whole existence
of the present Congress.
The motives which, in his opinion, con?
trol the action of the radicals are so clearly
and well stated in his letter that we quote
that portion of it:
"The motive of all this is perfectly
transparent. The radicals arc anxious to
pass ^certain measures,- and among them
amendments to the Constitution, (as I
have 6tated in former letter,) for the
double purpose of consolidating theirown
power, and also as further punishment of
of tho " wicked rebels." Were they to
admit the Southern members, Jill their
well laid schemes would be certainly de?
feated?especially all thoso which require
a two-thirds vote?while, if the Southern
members are kept out, the radical ma?
jority, in each House, is sufficient to ena?
ble them to carry all their measures, bid?
ding defiance oven to the Executive veto;
for instance: parties in the Senate now
stand thirty-eight Republicans, eleven op*
position and ono vacancy (from Iowa.)
We will give tho vacancy to the Repub?
licans, making their number thirty-nine.
Admit the twenty-two Senators from the
Southern Statos, and parties will then
stand thirty-nine Republicans and thirty
three opposition. No two-thirds vote
for them hero. And besides, thero are
three Senators classed as Republicans,
who will vote with tho opposition on all
extreme measures of the radicals. These
are Messrs. Cowan, Doolittlo and Dixon,
and this will make it a tie in the Senate
?thirty-six Republicans and thirty-six
opposition. So the admission of the
Southern Senators would deprive the
radicals of their power in the Senate.?
And this is reason enough for keeping
them out. In tho House, parties now
stand: 133 Republicans to 35 opposition.
Admit tho 5S Southern members and the
opposition is increased to 93?making it
impossible for tho radicals to carry any
measurc that requires a twe-thirds vote.
This view of the case satisfactorily ox
plaining why it is tho Southern members
are not admitted. It is power versus
Three vonerablo ladies still survive who
were of tho choir of young girls that
dressed in white, greeted Washington as
he entered Trenton, in -1786, on his way
to assumo the Presidency, and who strew?
ed his pathway with flowers. Ono yet
Jives in Trenton, another is the mother of
the Hon. Mr. Chestnut, formerly Senator
from South Carolina, and the third, Mrs.
Sarah Hand, resides in Cape May county,
Extravagance of the Women.
In an article on retrenchment, a thing
imperiously demanded by these times, tho
Charlottesville Chronicle, with a reckless
bravery unparallclled in the late war,
makes an onslaught upon female dress.?
It declares that the number and quality
of products a woman has on her back is
prodigious. It enumerates all the articles
of the female wardrobe with a peculiarity
that can only be the result of iong and
careful observation. It says that, to rig
out one young woman, there must be an
elegant pair of shoes, silk stockings, kid
gloves, a bonnet, which is a world in it?
self ; pomade, teeth plugged, combs, hair?
pins, hair-net, rouge, starch, sozodont,
cologne, ear-rings, brooch, chain, crino?
line and linen, .flannel, finger-rings, ian,
bracelet, watch, collar, cuffs, parasol, and
the main dress itself. Add cloak, furs,
over-shoes, sea-foam, balmoral, lace, pock?
et-handkerchief, gold pencil, port-monaie,
brado; lace, cord, buttons, flowers, feath?
ers, beads, spangles, ribands, roscates,
buckles, furbelows, tucks, flounces, em?
broidery, etc., etc.
Tho Clironicle demands to know wheth?
er women were intended for all this orna?
mentation. It asserts that one-third of their
life is taken up in buying, preparing and
talking over their drosses; that among
themselves tho subject of dress is almost
tho exclusive subject of conversation,
which cannot be true in the neighborhood
of Charlottesville?for some days at least
after the appearance of this article. It is
the opinion of the Chronicle that about
one-fourth of the time of tho human race,
and, perhaps, one-fourth of their earnings,
are devoted to the dressing of women. It'
is especially indignant about bonnets, and
insists that the Eoman ladies never
di earned of [bonnetsf* It bolieves that a
respectable female may be dressed, for
one year, for about $150. At least SG00,
000,000 a year would be saved to the
country by the enforcement ofjsnmptuary
laws, compelling the women to be eco?
nomical in dress. In short, we should
judge from the Chronicle article, that
" Man's dress is of man's life a thing apart?
'Tis woman's whole existence."
"We trust the women will now proceed
at once to reform, retrench, pay off the
national debt, and savo tho country.?
Nothing of the kind can be expected of
the men. "We have always regarded the
female sex, compared to the male, as a
cheap institution. A man's hat, coat,
breeches and boots, cost more in general
than a woman's clothing. Moreover, the
men drink whiskey, smoke segars, chew
tobacco and eat voraciously. Thero aro
as many male as female spendthrifts
among the young men and the young
women of fashion. When women many,
the}' generally?outside the great cities
at least?cast off their extravagant follies
and other nonsense; whereas, men ex?
change their jnvinilo wild oats for polt
tics and other expensive luxuries that
cost the country a good deal more than
all the dress 'expenditures of the women.
Politicians involve a country in debt and
war, and then the women are called upon
to go bareheaded, and dress like Poca
hontas, in order to foot the bill.
We concur, however, in tho vital im?
portance of retrenchment by both sexes.
Men and women are both spending a
great deal of money uselessly. There
is an immense outlay upon superfluities,
and unless greater economy is exercised,
the times, hard as they arc, will become
infinitely worse. No one should think
now of appearances. Thero is as much
necessity now for rigid economy as in
tho Confederate times. Tho ladies then
showed themselves capable of self-denial
in dress, table and furniture, and they
have only to realize that tho necessity
for retrenchment is as great as ^ver to
set an example that the mon will do well
The Philadelphia Press thinks that
universal peaco will prevail in the world
during tho present year?that, metaphor?
ically speaking, tho Tcmplo'of Jamis will
bo closed?but it is evident that the pre?
vailing desire is against war. The Brit?
ish policy of Lord Palruerstonarfor tho
most part, was in favor of peace at any
price, and this-is certainly tho desire of
Mr. Giladstone, who knows that the equal?
ization and reduction of taxation are
wholly incompatible with tho costly con?
dition of war. Napoleon has actually
begun to reduce his military establish?
Look out for Him.?When you find a
man writing his advertisement and stick?
ing it up at tho post office, or in hotels,
or on street posts, instead of publishing it
in his town paper, look out for him?the
very*act shows that ho is too closo fisted
to deal with to advantage. This is the
<: frozen truth."
The English Press on General
Gen oral Grant's report of his military
operations is attracting a large share of
attention abroad. The English journals
comment on it very favorably, and make
the Lieutenant-General the subject of
many high compliments. Tho London
Times says: What renders this report,
too, the moro remarkable, is that it ex?
plains a new, and as the event proved, a
successful system of tactics devised for
the occasion. The system was that of
availing himself of his great superiority
of numbers, attacking a variety of points
at once, and preventing the concentra?
tion of tho Southern troops. Says the
Man for man tho Southerners were tho
best troops, partly, perhaps, from natural
aptitudes, but mainly, no doubt, from the
great military ability of their command?
ers. On a fair field, and in any one bat?
tle, tho Federals could not pretend to
reckon confidently on winning; but there
was one thing on which they could reck?
on, and that was on killing a certain num?
ber of Confederates. Of course they
must suffer equal or even greater losses
themselves, but that they could well af?
ford. If every battle cost tho South a
certain proportion of men, a given num?
ber of battles must destroy the Southern
power, even if no battle was a decisive
victory. So Grant determined not only
to fight, but to fight on without stint or
stay, como what might. Hard knocks
and incessant blows constituted his strat?
egy and tactics. If he were to fare as
McClellan and Hooker had, he would not
do as McCcllan and Hooker had done.
He opened the new campaign resolved to
go on fighting whether he won or lost,
and, as ho himself says, "to hammer
continuously against tho armed force of
the enemy and his rcsourcos until by
moro attrition, if no other way, there
should bo nothing loft to him but submis?
sion." The literal execution of this pol?
icy is expressed in every lino of tho re?
port. While recounting the events of
the Virginia campaign tho General rep?
resents ono engagement as virtually a
failure in these words: "It was the on?
ly general attack made from the Eapi
dan to tho James which did not inflict
upon tho enemy losses to compensate for
our own losses. I would not bo under?
stood as saying that all previous attacks
resulted in victories to our arms, or ac?
complished as much as I had hoped from
them; but they inflicted upon tho enemy
severe losses, which tended in tho end to
the overthrow of tho rebellion." flow
much these tactics cost the North we
need not say.
As far as plans can bo justified by
events, that justification belongs certainly
to Grant. His system was successful
whoro evory other system^had failed.
His campaign brought tho war to an end,
whereas every former campaign had left
tho contest protty nearly as it stood bo
foro. It must be understood, too, that
wherover military science appears moro
conspicuous than brute foi'cc, that merit
is Grant's also. Tho scheme of Sher?
man's campaign was dictated by Grants
as were others less important and less
fortunate The grand principle of the
whole system was co-operation. Besides
tho two great armies of the East and
West, which, on this occasion, were to
pull together, Grant set half a dozen oth?
er armies in motion, to distract, occupy
and punish tho enemy at all points to?
gether. * * * That result is undoubt
edly duo to the "military arithmetic" of
General Grant. He is not tho first con?
queror who has adopted the principlo,
though ho was tho first to apply it to the
resources of a whole poople instead of
tho divisions of a single army. He is en
titlod, thoreforo, to the credit which com?
plete success confers; and, indeed, terri?
ble though the cost was, it may well be
questioned whether an indefinite prolon?
gation of the war would not have cost
both parties more.
Tho Liverpool Post-says :
General Grant's report is about to be?
come as famous as Caisar's Commenta?
ries. It is infinitely mere important, for
in the recent civil war in Amei'ica Greek
met Greek, and Grant encountered a more
formidable foe than Crosar. At first ^the
report escaped attention. It came in a
bunale of official documents, all figures
and few argumonts; but when the story
of tho campaign of 1864 was looked in?
to, matter was found in it calculated to
interest tho world at present and for all
General Grant neither writes nor thinks
liko an ordinary soldier?he is a philoso?
pher, an historian, a profound statesman,
and he sinks self in his narrative, .but
never fails to praise others with a palpa?
ble consciousness which bespeaks the ut?
most sincerity, in perfect keeping with
personal admiration and friendship.
The war had endured three years when
he was called to the command of the ar?
my. Tho call made him the savior of his
country. Unobtrusive and humble-mind?
ed, though full of profound thoughts, his
merits discovered themselves when the
opportunity presented itself. He was
tho man for the timo and tho place, and
he was the only fully qualified one.
Events approved of Lincoln's solfection,
for, whoro McClclIan proved an abortion,
Grant alone properly satisfied judgment.
* * * * General Grant's
report will forever occupy tho attention
of soldiers, statesmen and nations.
Tho London Daily News speaks of Gen.
Grant in tho same complimentary terms,
while of Generals Butler and Banks, its
language is contemptuous. It says :
But able as tho plan sketched out by
General Grant was, and based as it was
upon established military principles, its
execution would havo been impossible if
those who acted under the Coramander
in-Chief had been different mem In a
fiold of war so extensivo as that of the
United States, it is simply impossible to
give detailed instructions to each of his
subordinates. And so it was with Gene?
ral Grant. "When ho is explaining his
views to such men as Butler and Banks
he certainly descends into details, be?
cause it is obvious ho had no confidence
in their military capacity. But in deal?
ing with Sherman, Meado or Sheridan,
he contents himself with tho most gene?
From Artemus Ward's New Volume.
Horace Greeley's Ride to Pla
When Horace Greeley was in Califor?
nia, ovation awaited him at every town.
He had written powerful leaders in the
Tribune in favor of the Pacific railroad,
which had greatly ondeared him to the
citizens of the Golden State, and there?
fore they made much of him when he wont
to see thom.
At one town tho enthusiastic populace
tore his celebrated whito coat to pieces,
and carried tho pieces home to remember
The citizens of Placcrville prepared to
fete the great journalist, and an extra
coach, with extra relays of horses was
chartered of the California Stage Com?
pany, to carry him from Eolsom to Pla
cervillo?distance forty miles. The extra
was in some way delayed, and did not
leave Folsom until in the afternoon. Mr.
Grccly was to be feted at seven o'clock
that evening by tho citizens of Placer
ville, and it was altogether necessary that
he should be there by that hour. So tho
stage company said to Henry Monk, the
driver of the'extra, "Honry, this great
man must be there by seven to-night."
And Henry answered, " The great man
shall bo there."
The roads wdre in an awful state, and j
dnring the first few miles out of Folsom,
slow progress was made.
" Sir," said Mr. Greely, " are you aware
that I must bo at Placcrville at seven
" I've got my orders," laconically re?
plied Henry Monk.
Still the coach dragged slowly forward.
" Sir," said Mr. Greely, " this is not a
trifling matter. I must be there at seven!"
Again come tho answer, " I'vo got my
But tho speed was not incroascd, and
Mr. Greely chafed away another half
hour, when, as he was again about to re?
monstrate with the driver, tho horses
started into a furious run, and all sorts of
encouraging yells filled the air from the
throat of Henry Monk.
" That is right, my good fellow!" cried
Mr. Greely. " I'll give you ten dollars
when you get to Placorville. Now we
are going I"
Thoy wero indeed, and at a tetrible
Crack, crack! went the whip, and again
that voice split tho air. " Git up 1 Hi! yi!
?And on they tore over stones and ruts,
up hill and down, at a rate of speed never
beforo achieved by stage horses.
Mr. Greely, who had been bouncing
from one end of the coach to the other
like an India rubber ball, managed to get
his head out of the window, when he said:
? Do-n't-on't you-u-u think we-e-e shall
get there by seven if wo do-on't-on't-on't
go so fast?"
" I've got my orders!" That was all
Henry Monk said. And on tore the
It was becoming serious. Already the
journalist was extremely sore from tho
terrible jolting, and again his head''might
have been seen" at the window.
" Sir,"he said," I don'tcare?if we don't
get there at seven !"
" I've got my orders!"
Fresh, horses. Forward again, faster.
I than before. Over rocks and stumps, On
one of which the coach narrowly escaped
tnrning a somcr-sault.
" See here!" shrieked Mr. Greely, " I
don't care if we don't get there at all I"
I've got ray ordors! I work for tho
Californy Stage Company, I do. That's
what I work for. They said, got this
man through by 1 seving/ on' this man's
goin* through. You bet I Gerlon^I
Another frightful jerk, and Mr. Greely's
bald head suddenly found its way through
the roof of the coach amidst the crash of
small timbers and the ripping of strong
" Stop, you maniac!" ho roared.
Again answered Henry Monk. " I've
got my orders! Keep your seat, Horace!"
At Mud Springs, a village a fow miles
from Placerville, they met a large delega?
tion of the citizens of Placerville, who
had come out te meet tho celebrated edi?
tor, and escort him to town. There was
a military company, a brass band, and A
six horse wagon load of beautiful girls in
milk white dresses, representing-all tho
States in tho Union. It was nearly dark
now, but the delegation was amply pro?
vided with torches, and bonfires blazed
all along the road to Placerville.
The citizens met tho coach in the out?
skirts of Mud Springs, and Mr. Monk
reined in his foam-covered steeds.
" Is Mr. Greely on board ?" asked tho
chairman of the committee.
"He was a.fow miles back" said Mr.
Monk. " Yes," he added?' after looking
down through the hole which the fearful
jolting and the head of Mr. G. had made
in the coach roof, " yes, I can see him.?
no is there."
"Mr. Greely," said the chairman of tho
committee, presenting himself at tho
window of the coach, "Mr. Greely, we
have come most cordially to welcome you,
sir?why, God bless me, air you are bleed?
ing at the nose."
" I've got my orders," cried Mr. Monk.
" My orders is as follors: ? Git him.
there by seving.' It was a quarter of
seving. Stand out of the way."
"But, sir," exclaimed che couiuiittee
man, seizing tho off leader by the reins,
" Mr. Monk, we aro come to escort'him
iato town. Look at the procession, ?ir,
and at the brass band, and ibc people and
tho young women, sir."
I've got my ordere!" screamed Mt\
Monk. My orders don't say nothin'abor.t
no brass bands and young women. My
ordcrs says git him there by seving! Let
go the lines! Clear the Way there.?
Whoc?ep! Keep your seat Horace !?
And the coach dashedwildly through the
procession, upsetting a portion of the
brass band and violently grazing the
wagon which contained tho beautiful
young women in white.
Years hence groyliaircd men. who were
little boys in this procession, will tell
their grandchildren how this stage tor?
through Mud Springs, and how Horace
Greely's bald head ever and anon shoved
itself like a wild apparition, above tUa
Mr. Monk was on t'mo. Theo w a
tradition that Mr. Greely wa-? vo- y indic?
ant for a while; theu he Inu-.?od, ami
finally presented Mr. Monk w>;h a bmn
new suit of clothes.
Mr. Monk himself is still in tho employ ef
tho California Stage Company, and is
rather fond of relating a story that has
made him famous all over the Pacific
coast, but he says ho yields to no man in
his admiration for Horace Greely.
Jeff. Davis?Strange Rumors?Whap
He Says and Does.?The rumors of the
rescue of Jefferson Davis from prison are
assuming a new and strange character.
It is now hinted that tho authorities do
sire his escape, and that facilities have
Aeon offered him, but that he-won't go I
There is little room to doubt the awk
waAl embarrassment attendant upon his
confinement and rejected trial. Chief
Justice Chase does not hesitate to say
that he cannot be convicted of treason,
and Thaddens Stevens declares that he is
nothing more than a foreign leader, about
as much amenable to the laws of the
United States as Maximilian. I have it
from the best authority?from authority
which you cannot question?that Mr.
Davis feels the most ample security. He
said less than a week ago, "my defence
is complete now, and rests solely upon
tho law, which will be administered fair?
ly, I know, and in perfect accordance
with civil justice." The shameful petti?
coat story will be put to the blush when
that time arrives. Mr. Davis is at pres?
ent in good health, eats heartily, reads a
good deal, and possesses, as he said the
othor day, "a good digestion and a good
I conscience." He receives letters from his
wife three times a week, and keeps a
journal every day. ? Washington Cor.