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BY JAMES A. HOYT.
ANDERSON C. H, S. C, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15, 1866.
VOLUME 1.?NUMBER 35.
IS PUBLISnED WEEKLY
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New Basis of Representation.
We noticed yesterday the bill passed
by the House of Representatives of Con?
gress, fixing a new basis of representa?
tion. As a matter of interest, and /to
place it on record, we subjoin; the pro?
ceedings of the House on the occasion of
Mr. Stevens, ft-om the Joint Committee
on Reconstruction, to whom were re?
ferred the joint resolution and all of the
proposed amendments to amend tho Con?
stitution of tho United States bo as to
provido for a new basis of representation,
reported the following joint resolution as
a substitute for tho propositions referred
Resolved, By the Senate and House of
Representatives, etc., (two-thirds of both
Houses concurring,) that the following
article bo proposed to the Legislatures of
the several States, as an amendment to
the Constitution of tho United States,
which, when ratified by three-fourths of
said Legislatures, shall be valid as part of
said Constitution, viz:
"Article?Representatives shall be. ap?
portioned among the several States which
may be included within this Union accor?
ding to their respective numbers, count?
ings the whole number of persons in each
State, excluding Indians ndPtaxcd. Pro?
vided, That whenevor the elective fran?
chise shall be denied or abridged in any
State on account of raco or color, all per?
sons therein of such race or color shall
be excluded from the basis of representa?
tion/' [This amendmont is the same
heretofore under consideration, except
that the words?"and direct. taxes"?aro
stricken out after the Word Representa?
Mr. Stevens addressed the House in
support of tho amendment as modified,
which he had just reported. He said that
it differed only from the amendment
^ heretofore under consideration by striking
|?ut the words "and direct taxes.'' He
Kheld differently from the position at the
^rother end of the avenue, that the Consti
' tution needed no amendment, but should
remain as our fathers made it. B?t Con
? gress had a duty to discharge, ho conten?
ded, only cqiialled for weal t>r woe to that
Convention which issued the Declaration of
Independence. The present and future
generations awaited tho legislation of this
Congress on the basis of freedom with
the greatest and deepest interest.
If the fathers had placed the Constitu?
tion on tho basis of freedom in the Dcc
.laration of Independence, there would
bavo been no necessity for the present
amendment, and every one now would
have been free and equal before the law.
But at the timo when it was proposed to
reduce the principlen of the , declaration
into the organic law of the land, a spirit
hot from hell appeared among the foun?
ders of tho Government, which has been
growing larger and stronger ever since.
The fathers, to preserve and harmonize
the conflicting views of the thirteen col?
onies, made a compromise in the Consti?
tution. At the time that took place,
there were but 90 bnles of cotton expor?
ted. | Now, there wero 3,000,000. Then,
there'were but a few slaves, while now
there were 4,000,000 freed men?the slaves
having increased so rapidly as to exceed
even the white population of the South?
ern States. Ho reviewed the present
time as the one to do justice to tho prin?
ciples of tho Constitution, and he would
say now, that ho would rathcr^not live
than to entertain the sentiment of the
gentleman from New York, (Mr. Ray?
mond,) and those above him, that the
Constitution did not need any amend?
Mr. Raymond (interrupting) said that
Mr. Stevens misunderstood him in say?
ing that he opposed all amendments. Ho
express!}' conceded that some amendment
similar to tho ponding one should be
Mr. Stevens (continuing) said he allu?
ded as much to a gentleman at the other
end of tho avenue as to tho gentleman
from New York. He had as much re?
spect for the President as any one, but
he did not endorse him, for he had pnt
forth a document in the shape of a com?
mand to this House, which was a usur?
pation and violation of the rules and
privileges of this House, and a'hundred
years ago would have cost a British king
his head, had he sentsuch an edict in such
a way to parliament. Without this amend?
ment, he contended that the States al?
ways had tiae^ght tpjregulate. the elec?
tive franchise, and ho held that the pend?
ing amendment did not take away this
right when it became incorporated in the
Constitution. It said; however, to these
States, that if they abused the elective
franchise, the Constitution would hold a
penalty over them.
All knew of the aspiration and ambi?
tion of the Southern States to rale this
nation?for having failed to ruin the coun?
try they would now try to rule it ; but
the constitutional amendment would say
to those States, just so far as yo? abuse
the elective franchise by refusing a vote
to the moat loyal part of your population,
just so in proportion shall you lose your
power in the Government by losing your
representation in the halls of Congress.
The South would lose, by this amend?
ment, tbirty-fivo representatives. Their
representation would" be reduced from
eighty to forty-five; and then we could
add, he said, the whole nest of Copper?
heads, and freedom wonld still bo trium?
phant in this hall. Mr. Stevens then pro?
ceeded to favor tho education?civil.,and
religiouB?-of the freedmen for four or five
years to come, and when they became
qualified ho would give them suffrage.
But he did not want them to vote till
they were qualified, and then he would
give them representation. . Ho would
frankly say that he did not want their
representation until that time.
In a few years he would not be here to
see those on the other side , of tho house
draw daggers on him when he made such
:a speech as he now was making, as was
the case many years ago, but freemen
would occupy their places. He opposed
Mr. Scher.ok's proposition to apportiou
representation among male voters. It
was, luTsaid, in ono respect objectionable.
It Beemed to indicate a fear of rivalry
with the women as much as the Demo?
crats had feared the rivalry of tho negro.
While he could not get all he wanted, ho
would take what could be carried through
the States and. through two-thirds of both
houses. While he had respect for the re?
cent opinion of the President, it was well
known that this amendment did not go
to him for his signature, and it was, there?
fore, all the more kind for tho President
to send his opinion to this House.
Mr. Smith, of Kentucky, called for the
reading of the President's views, to
which Mr. Stevens had alluded. [The
Clerk then rend the Associated Press tel?
egram in Monday's papers, giving a con?
versation of a Senator with tho Presi?
Mr. Ingersoll, of Illinois, asked Mr.
Stevens how he knew those to bo the
Sir. Stevens said ho was satisfied in his
own.mind with his authority that those
were the views of tho President.
Mr. Ingersoll asked for the authority.
Mr. Stevens. 0, I cannot reveal to
the gentleman all of the secrets between
the-President and myself. [Great laugh?
ter.] But tho President had nothing to
do with tho amendment. The House,
it was true, had sent the other constitu?
tional amendment to President Lincoln,
who had signed it, and modestly returnod
it to tho House, stating that he did not
think that the Constitution required his
But while he sent it, said Mr. Stevens, |
to Mr. Lincoln, we should send no consti-1
tutional amendment to Andrew Johnson. J
He thon alluded to Mr. Raymond's speech,
and declarod that the Southern States |
were belligerent during the war beyond a
doubt, the gentleman's opinion to the
contrary. He admired Mr. Raymond,
who was powerful in assault and cunning
in defence, and commended his amiabili?
ty of temper, but the softening of the
brain was sometimes taken for tenderness
of the. heart. He quoted the conclusion
of Raymond's speoch, where he spoke of
the rebel dead lying with our own, and
being the nation's forevermoro. Mr. Ste?
vens said the gentleman had spoken of
theTebel dead with our own dead, who
gave up their lives at Gettysburg and the
kindred fields of tho war. Instead of
leaving them to rot in their dishonored
graves, unwept and unsung, they are to
be resurrected to the front ranks of tho
nation, and monuments erected to their
' He deemed such talk on the part of
the gentleman as simply blasphemy, and
if the spirits of tho dead could burst the
ceremonts of the tomb and stalk from
their graves, wrapped in their bloody
shrouds, they would rebuke the gentle?
man for such blasphemy until his eye-balls
Mr. Raymond said that ho spoke only
of the courage of the robol soldiers, and
did not claim them as with the loyal dead.
Loud cries of "question," "question,"
camo from all parts'of the hah. The
House then proceeded to vote.
Mr. Schenck offered hfc amendment
basing apportionment on votes, as a sub?
stitute. It was not agread to?yeas 38}
The House then passed, by the requi?
site two-thirds voto, tho constitutional
amendment just as it came this morning
from the Reconstruction Committee, and
given above in full. The yeas were 120,
and the nays 46.
A Strange Case
A case of unusual interest, says the
Chicago Times, was heard at the Police
Court yesterday. After a number of or?
dinary criminal trials had been examined
and disposod of, as the merits of the tes?
timony against them demanded, tho clerk
called out the name of Sarah Davis,
when, after a pause of a few minutes, a
neatly attired female about c0 years of
age advanced from tho prisoner's pen to
tho dock in front of the Judge. Sho bore
on her arm a small basket, containing a
few newspapers and several articles of
wearing apparel. About her face was an
indescribable expression of sorrow and
anxiety, such as is the result of, and is
traceable to, years of brooding grief, and
restless, wearing, wearying thought. The
sorrow that had fallen on her heart like
a blighting frost, had lain so coldly on its
pulsations that day by day her health
failed, until now it seems but the work of
a few 6hort weeks to bring her wasted
framo and unhappy life to their only hope
of rest?the grave. It seemed impossibjf.
to believe that an expression of so much
kiudncss and intelligence could belong to
a thief, and yet she stood there to answer
tho chargo of larceny.
William L. Haddock, residing at No.
144 Warren street, was called as a wit?
ness and swore that the accused frequent
ly camo to his house; and that he had
told her to stay away. Missing a small
framed pliptograph, containing tho pic?
tures of himself, his wife and children,
and a few card photographs from an al-r
bum, he suspected rightly who had takon
them, and sending an otiicor to the room
of tho accused, he recovered tho lost ar?
ticles. He statod that the photographs
cost him 810, but from their appearance
their value did not equal one-third that
Tho testimony of tho officer, on these
isolated facts, supported that of tie com?
plainant. The case appeared to be a
very clear one, when the Judge wisely
asking the accused if she had anything to
say, she at first hesitated, but upon being
asked again, spoko a few minutes, and,
in the littlo she said, there seemed to be
embodied so much of wrong, so much
grief and such unmistakable honesty that
the Judge reserved his decision.
She stated that about two years ago
William L. Maddock, the complainant,
hlti seduced her; that the fruit of their
illicit passion was'a child which Maddock
had rudely taken away from her; that
having grown exasperated'at,his unkind
ness and ill treatment, in a fit of despera-'
tion publicly cowhidod him in Illinois.
She stated that public sentiment had been
-so strongly against him in two or three
places where he had lived since he had
ruined her, that he was compelled to leave
on account of this wrong and injury to
her. Sho further stated that her happi?
ness in lifo had been destroyed by him,
her hopes iu life crushed forever, and her
health so worn down by grief and anxie?
ty that she had no desire but to die. She j
remarked that in her wrotchodnoss of
mind and body she did things that were
prompted by feelings which she could uot
control, and that would not have been
done other circumstances. The framed
photograph is said to contain tho likeness
of her child, and whom she stated she
loved tenderly and beyond measure.
Bursting into tears in the feeble narra?
tion of this piteous tale, much that she
said was not understood; and, doubtless,
much that she might say in her own be?
half, her grief would not permit her to
tell. Her respectable appearance, and
tho evident honesty of her words, pro?
duced a profound sensation in" the court
room. A bystander was heard to remark:
"Tho only thing I regrot is that she is
now too weak to repeat tho ,cowhiding
At the Dead Letter Office in "Washing?
ton a lotter was roccntly received con?
taining a check for eight thousand dollars
in coin directed to a lady in JSevr York,
requesting her "to accept tho enclosed as
a return for the kindness shown my fath?
er and mother," dated at the Astor House,
and signed "John," who was to start im?
mediately for Europe. The Postmaster
General directed thorough search for the
lady, and at last found her.
Letter from Gov. Orr.
We extract the following from the New
Governor Orr, of South Carolina, under
date of January 19, 1866, addressed a
long letter to the President, in relation
to the sea island lands, from which the
following extracts are made: In the lower
part of the State scarcely a contract has
been, or can be, made. The delay in car?
rying out your instructions of last Octo?
ber positively, which has continued from
General Howard's visit to Captain Ketch
um's return, within the past few days,
renders the freedmen, as a body, incredu?
lous of any restoration. They have in
many places quietly but firmly refused to
accept any terms; but, I regret to say,
that within the last few days they have
in some* instances resorted to violence,
burning down dwellings, destroying
bridges, entrenching themselves in their
quarters and refusing either to contract
or give way to those who will. And in
these eases, it is proper to say, that the
contracts offered them have been approv?
ed by the United States authorities as lib?
eral and just. This is not unnatural, for as
long as the freedman has reason to be
lievo that the Government will give him
a homestead of forty acres, he will not
voluntarily work for wages. It cannot,
I think, be denied that the action of the
Freedman's Bureau in this State has
largely contributed to this unfortunate
result. Without entering into the min?
ute detail of its administration, I am con?
strained to say that there is, to my mind,
sufficient evidence of an unwillingness to
co-operate cordially with the policy of
the Government. Certificates of titles
have been in some cases granted to per?
sons filling none of tho conditions even of
Gen. Sherman's order, and have been
given to chance visitors to the islands for
lands, not only for themselves, but for
their friends who have never been away
from their homes in tho interior. Great
delay has been interposed in the execu?
tion of the forms necesaary to restoration,
and tho bureau has, indeed, gono far to
defeat the very object of your orders, for
it has decided that where a freedman re?
fuses to contract on any terms, however
just, that in such case there can be no
mutually satisfactory arrangement, and
his rofusal acts as a bar to restoration.
In addition to this, tho whole of tho
Parish of St. Helena, and a great portion
of St. Luke's, comprising tho body of the
estates which, in intrinsic value, in their
former amount of product, cannot be sur?
passed by an equal extent of country in
any State of the Union, have been ap?
propriated by the Government under tho
provisions of the direct Tax Act. These
lands are occupied by Freedmen; some
under tho pretence of allotment; some
under the pretence of purchase; some
! under pretence of Gen. Sherman's order,
and most under no pretonce at all. The
Tax Commissionei'S charged with the exe?
cution of these acts have manifested these
sympathies as the agents of tho Freed?
man's Bureau, and this wholo section of
country is held out as not only a home of
the refugees, but is a land of promise for
every indolent freedman in the State.
Finally, a bill has been reported to
Congress, and is now under discussion,
by which the titles granted under Gen.
Shorman's field orders are to be confirmed
for three years. I do not think, there?
fore, that I am risking either an extreme
or doubtful opinion when I say that the
chief cause of our difficulty, in finding a
solution of this question of labor, proceeds
from the action of the Government en?
couraging the belief that the sea coast
region of S. Carolina ia to be confiscated
for the purpose of establishing a system of
independent colonization for tho freed?
men. If this is not so, then the interests
of this State requiro that this impression,
so gcnorally prevailing, should bo authori?
tatively denied, and that those who, for
purposes of personal interest or political
agitation, are ondeavoring to prolong and
to exaggerate our present embarrassment,
should be deprived of so effective a means
of mischief. Can ajg^eason bo found
why the planter on the coast, who was
driven from his homo in 1861 or 1862,
should now have his lands appropriated
for distribution, while his fellow-citizens
of the middle or upper districts, whose es?
tates have been undisturbed, but has par?
ticipated as fully and heartily in the war,
shall be confirmed in possession of his ?
Tho policy of which, as a representative
of the Stato. I complain, is the partial and
unjust confiscation of tho property of a
small portion of citizens, including a largo
number of unoffending widows and or?
phans, to be given, in the same spirit of
injustice in which it is taken, to persons
having no claim for special consideration
at your hands. Tho moro introduction
of the bill for confirming these titles has
had an immediate and injurious effect. It
i has checked tho energy which was be
ginning to manifest itscff; suspended tho
contracts which were in process; arrested
the spirit with which the planters were
preparing to go to work hopefully and
heartily," and stopped at once the invest?
ment of all Northern capital which was
beginning to find profitable employment
in Southern fields. IsTow, if tho occupa?
tion of these lands in tho hands of which
General Sherman's order placed them is
confirmed also, and every day will make
it worse, one or two things will follow?
either this section of the State will nearly
be abandoned to its fate, and its misera?
ble population dwindling away from dis?
ease, want and crime, will, after a few
years of mischievous vagabondage, disap?
pear from the land, or by fraud or force
will bo expelled. But if these lands are
restored, their capitalists, the certain re?
muneration of successful cultivation, the
fact that the freedmen are accustomed to
the soil, mode of culture, and habits, of
employer, will secure to such freedmen
successful contracts and the most liberal
wages. The planters who can return,
and the foreign capital which will occu?
py the places of those who cannot, will
by energy soon recover these places, and
the country will reap the benefits.
This letter of Governor Orr was brought
to Washington by a special messenger,
who was too late, however, to influence
the action of the Senate on tho Freed
man's Bureau bill relating to tho islands.
Adventures of a Bigamist in Min?
Last Fall a young lark, traveling under
the alias of C. W. Stimpson, came to this
place. He hailed from Waterville, Mo.,
and represented himself as worth $40,000.
On the road he "passed" himself off as
an agent of the Grand Trunk Railway,
exhibiting protended letters from the su?
perintendent, and in this way obtainod a
pass over tho Stage Company's lino from
Col. Merriam. By means of his $40,000
proportions ho also waded into the good
graces of somo of your St. Cloud people.
After reaching this place he laid siege to
the affections of a Mrs. Hubbard, an am?
iable and respected widow lady of Sank
Centre, worth somo property. It seems
that they had both formerly lived in Wa?
terville, Me., Stimpson being at that time
a common laborer working for her rela?
tives, though then under his real name,
he had written to hor during tho Sum?
mer declaring himself an old lover; sta?
ting that a trip to California had placed
at his command a largo fortuno, and clos?
ing with a request for permission to visit
her. She thinking it was a brother who
had taken this means to play a pleasant
joke, wrote for him to come. So Mr
840,000 Stimpson appeared in our little
town, and literally "took"-the place.?
The quantity of air(s). in the neighbor?
hood was wonderfully increased. He
brought with him letters Of recommenda?
tion, said now to have been forged, from
her relatives, and exhibited pretended i
certificates of deposit in the St. Paul
banks for heavy sums of money. Ho also
"-Stole the livery of heaven
To serve the devil in;"
was extremely sanctimonious, indulged
in long prayers, and was a strong advo?
cate of famny worsh ip. As the result of
his labors, ho and M::s. H. were married
in St. Cloud last October.; Fora time all
went on delightfully, but after a while
letters were received in Sauk Center,
showing that Stimpson nad already been
twice married in the east; that he had
twice boen in State Prison, thus divorcing
his former wives. He also attempted to
compol his third wife (Mrs. H.) to give
him some valuablo papers. She refused,
whon ho stole them. Now for the de?
He was preparing to leave on this
morning's stage, when last evening he
was arrested in Safford's Hotel, and, upon
examination, the missing papers, as well
as some others, were found in tho bottom
of his boots and sewed up in the lining of
his coat. As soon as he got his boots on
again, he made for the door and started
through tho snow bank, followed by some
twenty citizens. Such a tumbling, wal?
lowing, puffing and blowing you probably
never saw. After an exciting chase of
about two hundred rods the pursuers
closed on the gay groom, and he was
brought back to the hotel, where his hands
and feet were firmly tied. To-day he is
to undergo another examination.
Stimpson has secured, it is understood,
most of Mrs. Hubbard's means, and for
her considerable genuine sympathy is
felt. His $40,000 has dwindled down to
a shadow; or, if any are left, they aro
like himself,' in bonds.?Cor. of the St
Cloud (Minn.) Democrat, Jan. 15.
"Madame," said a gentleman to his
wife, " let me tell you facts are stubborn
things." Hear me, you don't .say so,"
quoth tho lady, "what a fact you must be!"
Another Candidate for Southern
The Richmond correspondent of the
New York Times, a Mr. Brooks, was
pummelled rather severely by Mr. Pol?
lard, of tho Examiner, a few days since.
We look for Mr. Ben C. Truman, a cor?
respondent of tho same paper, now in
Tennessee, to bo honored in like manner.
In a letter from Nashville he writes:
whereabouts op prominent ex-conpkd
erate generals of tennessee.
The ex-Confederates of Tennessee, like
the ex-Confederates of other States which
I have visited, have donned their citizens'
clothes, and are now engaged in various
peaceful pursuits. Lieut. Col. A. P. Stew?
art, with whom I had an interesting in?
terview a few days ago, after a few
months of ruralizing, has gone into the
commission business in New Orleans.?
Stewart was a fine officer, and commanded
the Confederate right wing at the battle
of Nashville. Major General John ?J.
Brown, who was wounded at the battle* of
Franklin, is practicing law in Nashville.
Ho is a brother of ex-Governor Neil S.
Brown. General Gordon who was cap?
tured at Franklin, has gone to Texas.?
He has resided in Texas before the war,
but upon the breaking out of the rebel?
lion ho came to Tennessee and raised a
company. Major General Quarles, who
was badly wounded in Franklin, is in
New York with his brother, who was for?
merly a member of Congress from the .
Clarksville District. Quarles had lately
married a rich Mobilo girl. I called on
him about a year ago. and he spoke very
kindly of the Federal officers, and prom?
ised to make Dr. Cliff, a prominent Union,
man of Franklin, Minister to England,
when he (Quarles) should' have become
President of tho Southern Confederacy.
Quarles is a lawyer by profession, and *
voiy clever gentleman. He told me, just
one year ago, that things looked squally,
but he added that if he recovered he
should go it again. Gen. Gideon J. Pil?
low, who was unsuccessful at war, has
gone to planting. He has got his Arkan?
sas plantation in running order, and be?
lieves that free labor will be succ- s f d.
He was in Memphis a few da}'s ago, en
route for his home in Middle Tennessee.
Gens. Sam Anderson, Jcel A. Battle and
Bushrod Johnson are all in Nashville
practicing law. The latt.r was a fine of?
ficer. Anderson was formerly the post?
master at Nashville, and was better at
that than at fighting. The only big
thing that Anderson ever done was te
demand the surrender of Nashville in the
fall of 1862?that's all he did. When
Negley told him he could not have. the
city if he would tako it, he took?himself
off. Battle was once captured at Shiloh.
He put on considerable airs at the time,
but nobod}' was hurt. Gen. Mark Wright
is taking it very easy in the practice of
law and in testing whisky?he .may be
said to bo lawlessly engaged. Gen. Frank
Cheatham is going it as before the war1?
on his shape. I do not suppose Frank
cares much about music, sculpture, or
painting?but what he don't know about
tho little joker and coppering on the ja- k .
isn't worth knowing. He can " Chcatam"
at cards all tho time ! Gen. Geo. Maury
is practicing law at Nashville. Maury
had three brothers in the war, and two
half-brothers; none were injurod. Maury
was not worshipped by his troeps. He
was represented as bleak and gouty.?
Gens. Smith and Bate are also in Nash?
ville practicing law. Bate was a little on
the Sir Lucius O'Trigger style?he had
not rather fight than eat. He did a big
thing about a year ago?got cleaned out
by Rousseau. Ho wouldn't do to "Bate
on." At the commencement of the war
he and Niel S. Brown wore going to clean
out the Yankee gunboats with pikes.?
Just about as ridiculous as the Dutchman
who was in favor of getting up a regi?
ment of lager beer fellows, armed with
scythes, to mow down the rebel armies.
Just imagine a shower of grape and can?
ister flying into these worthies?great
gracious! how the pikes and scythes
would fly. Gen. "Vaughan, who was
cleaned out By Gen. Pillow in East Ten?
nessee in thofall of 1864, is at his home
n that socticm of the country. Dibrell.
has also settled down. Lieut. Gen. Na?
poleon Bedford Forrest is in Memphis,
?e is in the grocery and commission bu?
siness on tho leveo with Tote, Gill & Able.
I have met no man who talks better than
Forrest. No man is more in favor of a
lasting peace. He is not an educated
man, but ho is most gifted by Nature.?
He was tho most successful cavalry gen?
eral of the war, and sacrificed a large
amount of property during the rebellion.
I cannot believe that Forrest' is the bad
man that many of us havo taken Him to
be. In relation to what is known as the
Fort Pillow massacre, I have met several
Federal officers who say that the whole
thing was exaggerated. The fact is, our
flag was not pulled down, and Forrest's
men banged away and really did kill
some of our soldiers after they had sur?
rendered. Ben C. Trumaw.