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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, October 25, 1866, Image 2

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? Thursday Morning, October 2-3,. 1866.
DISABLED SOLDIERS.
We are requested by the Tax. Collector, Samuel
E. Moobe, Esq., to call the attcnlion of disabled
soldiers from this District to the importance of
- registering their names at once, under the resolu?
tion of tho Legislature culling for such information^
Those who have lost limbs in the service, are espe?
cially invited to register. All of our readers will
confer a favor by extending this notice to those in?
terested in their immediate neighborhoods.
The reader is- divectod to the advertise?
ment Of Andrew 0. Nobbis, Administrator of the
Estate of Robert B. Nobbis, deceased, announc?
ing the aale of Personal Property of said deceased,
comprising eight bales of Cotton, twenty-five or
thirty fattening Hogs, Corn, Fodder, Oats, Bacon,
Farming Utensils, and many other articles. The
s;ilc-takes place cn Tuesday next, 30th mat., at the
residence of deceased, eight miles south of Ander?
ten.
-lit
THIS PENITENTIARY.
The Commissioners appointed to arrange for tbe
establishment of a Penitentiary have purchased
fourteen acres of land near Columbia, and the
work of preparation will begin before long. Our
townsman, Thos. 3. Lee-, Esq., has received the
appointment of Superintendent,, and is now on a
tour of inspection, throughout the Northern pris?
ons, that he may be enabled to digest a plan for
the erection and completion of the necessary
buildings.
-??
. INTERNAL SEVENTHS' OFFICERS.
C?l. David S. Tatlob, of Pendleton, has received
the appointment of Assistant Assessor for the In?
ternal Revenue Division comprising the 42d Regi?
ment, S. C. M.
H. 0. IIebbick, of Williamston, has received the
same appointment for the Division embracing the
4th,Regiment, S. C. M.
. We hava neglected heretofore to state, what is
aow generally known, that the office of Wm Van
?Wtcst, Esq., the Assessor for the 3rd Collection
District, is located at this place. Ho may be found
?t No. 5 Granite Row, up stairs.
STESSES". KEYS, STOWERS AND BYRUM".
We have the pleasure this morning of announc?
ing to the friends of these gentlemen that tbey
have safely arrived at Fort Delaware, having been
transferred from the Dry Turtugas, pursuant to- the
orders of the President published some weeks
since. The delay in making this transfer was
caused by want of transportation, they having to
await the appearauoc of a government vessel oil
the Tortugas, and this being of rare occurrence.
There can be no doubt now that they will obtain a
hearing before a civil tribunal, and we feel san?
guine that the result will place them once again
among their families and friends.
THE ELECTION RETURNS.
The absorbing interest felt in the recent elec?
tions at the North induces us to recur to this sub?
ject again. As we predicted, the Radical majori?
ties are not the bugbear some of our friends would
have us believe. For instance, Pennsylvania re?
turns a Conservative gain of 8,000 over the elec?
tion in 1864, while the Radical majority is less
than 12,000 at this time. In Ohio the Conserva?
tive gain has been still more decisivo and signifi?
cant, reducing the majority in the whole State one
third ; in 1864, Lincoln had a majority of 59,586,
but at the recent election, when the vote was ap?
parently as heavy, the Radicals scarcely obtained
4CT.O0O. Indiana shows a similar result; in 1864,
majority for Lincoln, 20,189, and now that major?
ity has been reduced below 15,000. Even in the
extreme Radical region of Iowa there are gains
upon the Conservative side, and this is accomplish?
ing a great deal. With these substantial gains,
the standard-bearers of the Conservative party in
other States are enabled to confront the Radical
leaders, and possibly bring about greater eviden?
ces of gain than has yi t been made apparent. At
all events, the result here indicated strengthens
the hope that tbe more rational leaders of the
ultra-sectional and dominant party can discover
'-the handwriting upon, tbe wall," and govern
their act ions accordingly. It would be tbe blind?
est fanaticism and most reckless madness, in the
face of these powerful minorities, to attempt the
execution of an overthrow of the Government,
knowing that it could not be. done without precip?
itating civil war upon the country. This deplora?
ble result, as we have heretofore maintained, the
majority of that parly will never bring about of
their owu accord. Individual interests forbid it;
public sentiment makes it hazardous.
PICKENS COURT.
Wo learn that the Court of Sessions at Pickens
did not adjourn until late on Saturday afternoon
last. The business on the criminal docket was not
disposed of entirely, and the Courier is of opinion
that an extra Court will be ordered for that pur?
pose.
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday was occupied
in the. trial of young Looter and three Dun hams,
father and sons, for the murder of Col. Miller, of J
North Carolina. One of the young Dubhams was
convicted of murder and sentenced to be hung ; the
elder Dcbham and Looter convicted of manslaugh?
ter, and the remaining Durham acquitted. This
was an interesting case, and the ablest counsel on
tho Circuit were retained for the defence. Oar
readers will remember that the murder took place
daring the past summer, and that it was alleged
that the deceased was mistakon for Laboent, a re?
fugee soldier from Maryland, who was in this
country at that time, and whose character was es?
pecially obnoxious to the parties implicated in the
murder. The proof showed that the Dubuam sen?
tenced to be hung was fully apprised of the facts
in tho ease, and induced his accomplices to per?
petrate tho horrible deed that his guilt in another
respect, highway robbery, might be kept from
view. His life pays the forfeit for this conduct,
while his father and. friend are incarcerated for a
term of years in the Penitentiary.
PAt. Cliffori); indicted for horse-stealing, was
convicted, but recommended- to mercy. He was
sentenced to be hung, yet we trust that Executive
mercy in his behalf will be exercised- ere it is too
late. His conduct as a soldier in the late war, and
his oaaractcr hitherto" for honesty and good inten?
tions, will go far to mitigate the crime of which he
has been convicted.
Mrs. Caluoun, indicted,for infanticide, was con?
victed and) sentenced'to b? hung. The negro ar?
raigned as her accomplice was acquitted.
Altogether, Pickens seems to be equally prolific
in crime as this Distriot, and the catalogue is none
the less, varied either
Anderson, October 24, 1866.
The cotton market for the past several days has
been active, and prices Tanged from 28 to 31 cents, I
a fair article commanding the latter figures to-day..!
THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.?SHALL
IT BE RATIFIED 1
Although received some days ago, Ihe letter of
our Charlesion correspondent (which appears up?
on our first page to-day) is published in full, be?
cause it presents to our readers the bare possibility
that tho question will be mooted at the coming
session of the Legislature as to the adoption or re?
jection of the Constitutional amendment proposed
hy Congress to the several States. In order that
the people of this section may be aroused to the
importance of the question, and that tho views of
those in favor of its adoption might not be stran?
gled from existence altogether, this letter is pub?
lished. We have never refused admission to any
article from the simple fact that we did not agree
with its tono and sentiment on public questions.
Professing independence in the conduct of a pub?
lic journal, wc do not essay either neutrality or
partizanship, and hence the fullest expression is
allowed our intelligent correspondent to ventilate
his pccular views on the Bubjcct under considera?
tion. But, at the same time, wo employ the occa?
sion to utter our emphatic condemnation of the
policy which would dictate this monstrous iniquity
at our hands as a people. Presuming that all are
familiar by this timo with the provisions of this
amendment to the organic law of the land, we will
not attempt in this article a review of its several
propositions, and shall confine our remarks to the
third section, which would practically stamp with
everlasting infamy the leading Bpirits of our late
unsuccessful revolution. This section declares, in
so many words, that any individual who participa?
ted in the recent struggle, on behalf of the State,
having previously to the war subscribed an oath of
office to support the Constitution of the United
States, is debarred forever from holding any office
of profit, honor or trust under the State or Federal
Governments. This is the sum and substance of
the third section, most odious, intolerable and op
' pressive in its charaoter. By its adoption, two
thirds of tho State?wc mean those men of charac?
ter, intelligence and reputation?would bo ostra?
cised and outlawed. Tho thirst for office amongst
out people before the war induced almost every
one of any influence, however obscure or humble,
to seek an elevation above his fellows by exercising
the prerogatives of authority, brief and unpre?
tending often, but nevertheless bringing them
within the scope of this sweeping clause. It is
true that all were not judges, legislators, gover?
nors, members of Congress, or District officers,
but it would he difficult to find a numerous body
of respectable men in South Carolina who have
'not been, at one time or another, constables, mag?
istrates or militia officers.
In all the abovo positions, it was necessary to
. subscribe an oath similar to that contemplated to
exclude this large class from holding office, even
under tho State, hereafter. We set aside the con?
sideration of being admitted to Congress, and un?
hesitatingly declare that it will be necessary to im-, i
port a full corps of persons unobjectionable in this
respect before the pettiest offices are filled. Sure?
ly, this would bring about an abrogation of all
State government, and there can be no choice in
this matter, if our people are not forgetful of the
lessons afforded by the last eighteen months ex?
perience, during which time wc have enjoyed to
tho utmost the privilege of being ruled by foreign
masters. The Legislature would not, nay, dare
not, inflict this outrage upon their down-trodden
and misruled constituencies. A few politicians
may desire this execrable result, when the tried
and (rusted leaders would bo thrown overboard,
and themselves become invested with the preroga?
tives of office, but there can be no question as to
the conclusions of the masses. Every man who
is in favor of having our local governments ad?
ministered by those "to the manor born," will
quickly condemn the adoption of this Amendment.
Let the people become aware that the Legislature
is about to adopt this measure, and such a howl
as will be raised has never been heard within the
borders of our beloved State. They would at
once perceive that the effect would be to drive
from her protecting care those who, in days of
trial and danger, clung closest to their duty, and
faltered not in allegiance to her cause. There is
no doubt that the intelligence, patriotism and man?
hood of South Carolina fought her battles and
lavished honors at the feet of their common moth?
er. The rank and file of the Confederate armies
contained her beat and truest sons, and the lag?
gards and extortionists within the State can never
claim superiorly over .those men who gave a wil?
ling and cheerful response to the demand for de?
fenders against the foes of our noble old common?
wealth. This class of exempts and unwilling vo?
taries may rightfully claim all honor in possessing
ihe ability to subscribe the iron-clad oath requi?
site for national offices, but let it never be said
that South Carolina willingly placod them above
the men who perilled life, lost their limbs, or sac?
rificed nl] save honor in her behalf.
But, we arc told that the Amendment will be
forced upon us, even though it be rejected by the
State now. This proposition we deuy, for unless
the lately revolting States degrade themselves by
its adoption, the necessary two-thirds can never
be obtained. Oregon has rescinded her action,
and through her Legislature now refuses to en?
dorse the monstrous schemes inculcated by this
measure. Yet, for the Bake of argument, we will
admit, that the mad fanatics will enforce its provis?
ions, and that we will be fettered by its unholy
requirements. Admitting this, we shrink with
horror at the thought that the people of this State
should ru?h frantically forward to do the work of
her vilest enemies, and herself forge the chains
and bind the fetters about the limbs of her once
proud soldiery. Whenever South Carolina con?
sents to perform this infamous part, then we are
ready to see her name blotted from the scroll of
history, for the degradation and infamy of this
single action will overcloud the gallant deeds and
heroic achievements of the living and dead.
THE MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION AT PENDLETON.
We received on yesterday, too late for this issue,
the speech of Gen. Wadb Hampton delivered before
the Ladies' Memorial Association of Pendleton on
Thursday, October IHh instant, together with a
brief description of the ceremonies of the occasion
and a letter from Cot Warse? D. Wilkes, all of
which will appear in our next issuo. The ladies
of the Association will aocept our thanks for the
kindness evinced in furnishing these admirable
productions.
-o-'
BOUND lOE LIBERIA.
We nre informed- that a number of freedmen iff
this vicinity, perhaps twelve in all', wilt start this
week for Savannah, there to take passage on a
government vessel for Liberia. On tho first of
November vessels will sail from the ports of Charles?
ton, Savannah, Mobile and New Orleans, freighted
with citizens of African descent, who are desirous
of emigrating to the shores from whence their an?
cestors were abducted by Yankee enterprise and
sagacity.
-o
BEWLEY, KKE8B & CO.
These gentlemen have juat opened one of tho
largest stocks and most varied assortments yet
brought to this market. Full particulars by ad?
vertisement next vrcek. ^
INTERESTING FROM TEXAS.
We are permitted to make tho annexed oxtracts
from a privato letter, written by a gentleman who
has traveled extensively over the great State of
Texas, and whose impressions now do not coincide
with the glorious visions entertained by him prior
to bis departure from this section. He is a man
of family, of large experience in the world, and
certainly cannot be deceived by the allurements
held out to emigrants. We commend his observa?
tions to those who are desirous of bettering their
fortunes by seeking a home in Texas. After
stating that he went to Texas against the advice of
friends, and that he had a theory of his own to
work out, the writer goea on to say:
However, "I came, I saw," and got-most awfully
disappointed. Were I to give you my personal ex?
perience in Texas, it would be simply a relation of
misfortune, which by your leave I will pretermit,
and merely inform you that all of my family have
been sick, and some aro now chilling. As to my
own health, it has been very good, and I have been
able to travel over and see a large portion of Tex?
as, and will give you honestly my opinion of the
country, its production, resources, and its inhabi?
tants. I think Texas, with the character she has
abroad, is the greatest humbug of tho age. The
climate is the worst in America. In winter one
will be very comfortablo without a coat, and in five
minutes he will be cold with an overcoat; horses
and other animals often chill to death. The sum?
mers are hot and oppressive almost beyond concep?
tion. Vegetables grow here after a sort, but no
kind lastB over two weeks, and none can be pre?
served through tho winter, consequently scurvy
and its attendant diseases are very prevalent.?
PcachcB seem to do pretty well; apples do not
grow to perfection. The largo yield of corn,
wheat, &c, that you have read of in Texas, is the
veriest falsehood imaginable. This has been an
extraordinary season for corn?the best, I am told,
for fifteen years, and frotn twenty to twenty-fivo
bushels per acre is the largest estimate I have
heard mado ; about ten bushels on the best prairie
farms is said by tho best farmers to be a fair aver?
age. From five to ten bushels of wheat is a fair
average ; this year it is not as good as usual, and
from two to three bushels per acre is about the
omount raised. The lands are as rich generally as
I ever saw, but they do hot produce corn, because
no rain fal'is after April, and the corn of course,
burns up. In the Spring, the violent winds blow
the bloom from the heads of wheat, and the heads
are never more than a fourth or half filled. A field
of wheat that I rode through just beforo harvest,
and judged would produce twenty-five bushels per
acre, produced only three. On the rivers better
crops are raised, but they are much more sickly.
So much for the farming in Texas. As to stock,
which after all is the great point in Texas, they
raise a good many cattle on the grass, long-legged
light-bodied creatures. It is aslow business; men
who havo been here twenty years, tell me that they
never have been able to double tho amount of the
cattlo originally purchased. Almost countless
thousands, I am told, (and I know it to bo so, from
the skeletons which literally cover the prairies,)
die for wont of water; others stray off, and are
never heard of; large numbers are stolen and
driven to the other States. Stock cattle are worth
about two dollars per head hero, while wheat is
worth ?1.50 per bushel and corn one dollar; and
it is always about the same disproportion. They
raise a good many ponies here, which arc mixed
with Spanish blood, and never becomo gentle or
reliable, and are worth here from five to twenty
five dollars; a good horse cannot be raised on
grass?it contains but little nutriment, and is not
suitable for horses. I honestly would not give one
hundred acres of clover for ten thousand acres of
Texas grass. Sheep meet tho same fate of cottle,
except a disease called "scab" is all over Texas,
and I have seen large flocks that would not yield
any wool at all, the wholo of them being a perfect
sore all over. The cattle men here say, that with
the best of attention, they lose annually, one-third
of their cattle. This leaves but a small margin for
increase, and at good prices, would not be very
profitable. In verification of all this, I have never
yet met or heard of a man that had become wealthy
or even increased his worldly store in Texas. I
have visited many of my old friends who removed
from Tennessee to Texas years ago, and I have
never prevailed on one of them yet to advise me to
settle in Texas. Their advise to me has been, "Go
back to Tenncssco if you can ; if not, to Georgia,
Mississippi, or Alabama, at least, east of tho great
river; do not buy and settle here; if you do, you
are 'planted' for the rest of your life, and you will
be like the rest of us, dissatisfied while you live."
If there is a man in Texas who does not want to
sell his place, I have never met him. The people
arc as a mass, dishonest, illiterate, penurious and
stupid. In their persons, they are filthy, and in
the expression of their faces the animal predomi?
nates almost as much if not quite, as it does in the
African race. I noticed this in the Texas regi?
ments I saw in Tennessee, but attributed it to
circumstances < but it is a characteristic of persons
raised here. In a word, Texas is no farming coun?
try. Its pastures do not contain sufficient nurtri
ment to raise and develop fine or even valuable
stock, and besides the grass is fast disappearing in
the settled portions of the State. I am of the
opinion that the population of Texas will never be
much larger than it is now. The emigration from
it this year will be very large; it is so, howevor,
every year. I would now be on my road to some
place east of the Mississippi, were it not that I re?
ceived, a few days ago, a letter from a relation of
ours in Freestone county, requesting me to visit
her, and claiming it as a" duty.
.-o
Dan Castello's Great Show.
The great "Show" under the' auspices of Mr.
Dan Castello, Will exhibit at Anderson Court House,
on Tuesday, October 306h. We understand upon
competent authority that the concern has no equal,
let alone superior, in the country.
Mr. Castello is a man of rare genins and great
versatility of talent. He is a clever clown, a ready
wit, an original conversationalist, a bold leader,
and an unequaled horse trainer. His stock of act?
ing equines comprises some truly noble animals.
The Circassian steed "Czar," the only specimen of
the mammoth maned horse ever imported to (Iris
country, is distinguishable not only for his beauty,
but his docility. "Andy Johnson," an Oriental
thorough-bred, and the petite comedian "January"
are hard to excel.
The performing animals, the untamed Hons and
lionesses, are shown" by Herr Lingel in a most ex?
traordinary manner/ No similar demonstration of
intrepidity, coolness, and Conrago has ever been
evinced by any "Lion King" who has essayed to
enter the den of thori fierce creatures of the forest
and jungle.
The press speaks of Mr. Castcllo's Show as one
conducted upon: the most unexceptional principles.
Replete with attractions, novel in presentation,
we arc inclined to believe that the acknowledged
best of American humorists will meet with a very
gratifying success in Anderson,
j We troulU advise our country readers to come in
early, that they may have an opportunity of Beeing
the grand procession, at 11 o'clock, on the morn
1 ing of the exhibition. j
COJVTRIB UTO RlJilj.
SOW DOWN YOUR LANDS.
A Mississippi planter in a recent letter says:
"With the present system of labor this country will
be a wilderness in five years." True also, of South
Carolina. The present system of our farmers is,
to raise cotton as a primary crop instead of pro?
visions ; the true rule would be, to make cotton
as much as you can after a full supply of all other
things. We entreat them to sow down as much of
their land as possible in wheat, oats, rye and bar?
ley, and make a plenty of bread, and improve their
lands. Why plant cotton, pay three cents a pound
on it to the Government, and starve yourselves and
stock? Why plant cotton, and run the State to an
expense of 5300,000 in purchasing provisions ? Is
it pleasant to contemplate such an addition to the
tax bill of the next year?
-o
CROPS.
The fall has been unusually favorable for gath?
ering crops, and our farmers have generally availed
themselves of its proffered advantages. We have
attended two corn-huskings?huskingsof the olden
time, whore tho women quilted and the men shuck?
ed the corn,?where all who felt disposed, wet their
throats with mountain dew to improve their voices
for singing?where the darkies sung the old corn
songs familiar to our boyhood ; were as lively as
in the old plantation days,?hoisted old master on
their shoulders and carried him in triumph around
the house, and patted and danced juber after the
most approved pattern. Where a good dinner and
supper were given, and the boys and girls played
"steal partners" to their heart's content, and all
was friendship and good feeling.
Both cotton and corn will soon be harvested, and
while the crops of each are short, yet the latter is
yielding much more than was anticipated, and it is
hoped that our people can make out comfortably
by good economy. Hay and peas arc being gath?
ered more generally than usual.
RETRENCH.
One thing is evident, and that is, that our people
will never get out of debt, so long as they continue
their present system of reckless extravagance. So
far from endeavoring to extinguish the debts
against them of long standing, many of them have
contracted Dew ones ever since the close of the
war. Any one who attended sales last Fall, IrWd
witnessed the fabulous prices promised for every
species of property, might well have imagined that
he was again transported back to the days of Con?
federate shin-plasters. In many cases men went
in debt to the full value of their means, and their
promises to pay were about as valuable as Confed?
erate Bonds. Others again indulge in tho wasteful
splendors of extravagant dress, the glitter of costly
equipages, the luxury of sumptuous fare, and the
services of a score of domestic servants,?hccdles?
of their debts, and literally living upon the inter?
est of what they owe. They strive to ignore the
war and its losses, and the existence of creditors,
and maintain their former splendid state. Is it
any wonder that needy creditors, under these cir?
cumstances, should feel uneasy about the payment
of their demands ;?if unable to pay now, he can
calculate no period in the future when such debtors
will be able to pay, under such expensive manage?
ment. And if he ventures to hint that the pay?
ment even of the interest upon his debt would be
acceptable, the debtor goes into a rage over tho
matter?calls him a merciless Shylock?reads him
a lecture upon tho "Stay Law," and tho Act of the
Legislature postponing the Court, aud coolly in?
forms him, that when the Courts are opened If he
sues, he will confess judgment or make assignment,
and cut him out of getting any part of his debt.?
Can we wonder that the creditors of such debtors,
should desire to appeal to the law to enforce their
rights ?
The tncans of relief are within easy reach of such
debtors without any Legislative interposition, and
we commend it to their senso of moral honesty.
Let each family learn the important lesson to live
independently,?dismiss the gangs of idle domes
ticsj and do their own work with their own hands
as God long ago decreed we all should, curtail ex?
travagant expenditures and pay their seedy credi?
tors, and they will not only relieve themselves, but
their creditors and the community at large.
CAN THE LEGISLATURE PASS A BANK?
RUPT ACT I
We stated editorially some weeks ago, that wc
were dissatisfied with the efforts of the Legislature
to relieve debtors,-?that all mere postponements of
the collection of debts, did not meet the require?
ments of their condition,?that the country, from
no fault of its own, was hopelessly bankrupt,?
that the peoplo could not now, nor in a hundred
years to come, discharge their debts in full, and
that sooner a general liquidation of debts could be
had, the belter it would be for the debt or and credi?
tor, and the community at large. These views are
reiterated at tho meeting in the Court room, on
Monday at Court, aud we hare seen no cause to
change them. From a calculation we have seen,
and wc think a fair one, the people of this State
owe S95,000,0000, and have $42,000,000 to pay
With, that is, the property left to them will not pay
half the amount of their debts. The people cannot
pay their taxes, support themselves, and pay the
interest on their indebtedness. If then, they can?
not gradually extinguish the principal, will not
"Stay Laws," postponing the day of settlement,
allure them to more certain ruin. Most of debtors
know that they cannot pay out in ten, nor in fifty
years, and when they are consciong that each year
but increases their burthen, they will have no mo
five to strivo to accumulate property?without
which they will be useless members of society.?
No department of industry or trade can flourish so*
long as the people are weighed down by a load of
debt, and all their efforts to retrieve their losses
aro paralyzed.- What remedial legislation shonkl
bo had. We propose two remedies,- a liberal
Homestead Law and a Bankrupt Act. Under the
latter, we would give the debtor the right to peti?
tion for his disoharge oft his own motion without
suit brought or execution issued against them; and
so to discharge the debtor from all debts, whether
in suit or not, upon making a complete surrender
of all his property and effects. This would relieve
them of their present embarrassments, and secure
to them the enjoyment of any property they might
acquire in the future. It may be asked, can the
Legislature pass a Bankrupt Law ? We thought
our friend Gov. Orr, would hardly recommend in
his message to the Legislature, the passage of an
unconstitutional law. Lawyers and Judges are
divided in opinion upon the subject, but the weight
of the argument and of authority is in favor of the
proposition, that a State has the authority to pass
such a Bankrupt Act as we propose. The ques?
tion has been decided by the Supreme Court of this
State, in the case of Alexander vs. Gibson, given
in 1st Nott & McCord. The doctrine substantially
laid down in that case is, that the Legislature has
this power; that its jurisdiction is concurrent with
that of Congress, and that if Congress has not
passed a Bankrupt Law, the State Legislatures may
exercise the power, and that "A true construction
of this part of the Constitution does not forbid the
release of the present and future property of a
dobtor wb.3 eurrenders all his property to hia
crcditoTP, whether lie bo sued or not," Congress
has no Bankrupt Law in force at this time, and it
would seem, therefore, that the Legislature is free
to pass one. The passage of such a law is de?
manded by the situation of debtors, and would
have a Balutary effect. In our opinion, it would
be worth all the "Stay Laws" that could be placed
upon the statute books. It is manifestly the duly,
as it is the interest, of both debtor and creditor to
compromise?the merchants of the North have gen?
erally compromised with those of the South, at
from twenty to thirty cents in the dollar, and our
people are called upon by every impulse of hu?
manity, every instinct, of self-preservation and in?
terest, to follow their noble example, and thus un?
shackle the manacled arm of industry, and open
anew the channels of trade. We are satisfied, that
most of creditors and debtors can and will thus
come to a fair settlement. Here and there, debtors
will doubtless be found, who will be unwilling to
settle fairly ; the Bankrupt Law will make them.
And those Shylock creditors we hear so much
spoken of, will be shorn of their power to oppress;
if they will not compromise with the debtor, they
will not be apt to push him for a settlement, when
they know that he can go into the Bankrupt Court,
pay what he is able, and forever thereafter bar
the creditor's debt.
-4ft
WELL DONE, CHESTER !
Wc are gratified to learn froa the Chester Stan,
dard, that the best of feelings prevail in that Dis?
trict among the people, upon the subject of col?
lecting debts. In one instance, a gentleman de?
clined to accept specie in payment of a debt con?
tracted before the war, declaring he would only
receive currency. Several lawyers informed the
Editor, that even had not the Legislature post?
poned the Fall Session of the Court of Common
Pleas, the docket would have presented a beggarly
arrav of suits. The merchants express a willing?
ness to compromise with their debtors upon the
most liberal terms. This spirit is commendable,
and we commend it to the imitation of our readers.
The general rule is, when a merchant fails in
business from error in judgment or reckless specu?
lation, if there be no charge of fraudulent conduct
on his part, his brother merchants compound with
him immediately, allowing him to retain, not only
such property as is exempt under the insolvent
laws, but also, enough property to start him in bu?
siness again. That every class of the community
has failed to meet their liabilities, is no fault of
theirs, and why should not the like rule of conduct
obtain among the other classes of society, that ob?
tain among merchants ? We could advance many
cogent reasons to prove that the interests of the
debtor, creditor, aud community at large, would
be best advanced by the compounding of debts at
once, but we suppose that they are too obvious to
need repetition. There t.re cases where the debtor
is amply able to respond, and looking to the nature
of the credit given, the debts may not be com?
pounded upon principles of "natural equity," with?
out dishonor to the debtor or creditor. Such cases
are exceptional?most of debts may be fairly com?
pounded, and we urge that it be done. Wc wish,
however, that it be distinctly understood, that we
regard the proposition to repudiate debts, as the
sum of all dishonesty. It is not allowable under
the Constitution of the United States and the Con?
stitution of the State, and even if it were, it would
be both unwise and unjust. Repudiation is one
thing?the compounding of a debt upon a fair and
equitable principles by the parties, is another, and
a very different thing.
-o
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.
The Charleston J\reici in a recent leader, ex?
presses the opinion that, "without any power in
us to control the tide of events, we arc slowly
drifting back into tho Union on the basis of the
Constitutional Amendnent." We cannot concur
in this opinion. Unless the Legislatures of tho
lately seceded States, lest to all self-respect, shall
aid in the degradation of their own people, and
vote away one-fourth of the Southern representa?
tion in Congress, and as a matter of course, that
portion of their political rights tinder the Govern?
ment, by adopting tho Amendment, we will not
drift back in any such way. Two facts forbid it.
First. The New York World has recently shown
that the ten seceded States, aided by Maryland
and Kentucky, can defeat the Amendment, even if
the whole number of States is increased to forty
six, which will not be in otir day< At present, we
have thirty-six States and nine Territories ; the
States above alluded to, assisted as they doubtless
would be by Missouri, can postpone the Amend?
ment until the number of States is increased to
fifty-two, which is a greater number than wc are
ever likely to have. If the South shall steadily
resist, the Amendment must fail.
Second. Our Representatives and Senators
would not be admitted to seats in Congress, etcn
if wc adopted the Amendment The Radicals have
further conditions to impose, and our acceptance
of the Amendment would not facilitate our admis?
sion to the Union in the slightest degree. From
the recent speeches of Bo?twell, Phillips, Butler,
and Stevens, and such Radical sheets as the New
York Independent, we learn that "no lending Re?
publican in Congress means to admit the ten wait?
ing States, simply on the adoption of the Constitu?
tional Amendment. These States are to be ad?
mitted on no conditions, short of the equal politi?
cal rights of their loyal citizens, without distinc?
tion of raCe< A reconstruction of the Union on any
other basis, wculd be a national dishonor. Until
the rebel States can come back on this basis, they
shall not come back at all." If not, then it is pro?
bable, that they never will come back.
-?v
RURAL SOUTHERNER.
The first number of this journal has been re?
ceived. Although the publisher's arrangements
are not complete, there is ample evidence in this
issue that the masses are to be supplied with an
excellent practical newspaper. Published at Col?
umbia, S. C, by R. M. Stokes & Co., at $3.00 per
year. We will take pleasure in forwarding sub?
scriptions. Call and examine tho specimen copy.
-.?<&.
DAY OF THANKSGIVING.
The President has issued a Proclamation recom?
mending that Thursday, November 29th, be ob?
served throughout the country as a day of thanks*
giving and praise to Almighty God.
PUBLIC MEETING-.
Whebeas, the upper portion of the District was
thinly attended at tho meeting held at Anderson
C. H. on Monday, tho 8th, and inasmuch as we
desire also to give an expression on the Resolu?
tions thero introduced, wc therefore request that
a Public Meeting be held at PIERCETOWN on
FRIDAY, the 2d of November, to which the mem?
bers of the Legislature of both Houses, and all
others who feel themselves interested are cordially
invited. We hope the citizens generally will at?
tend, as we think the proceedings of the Legisla?
ture, at its regular session in November next, on
the subjects there to be discussed, will be of vital
importance for the weal or woe of the citizcas of
our State. MANY CITIZENS. ^
MARRIED, at the residence of tbe bride's Un?
cle, on tbe 17th inst., by the Rev. W. E. Walter?,
Mr. W. A. Fant and Miss Kittib Jackson.
On Wednesday evening, loth instant, at the res?
idence of the bride's mother, by the Rev. S. 8.
Gaillard, Mr. W. S. Jenkins and Miss Sallik B.,
eldest daughter of Rev. T. L. McBryde, deceased.
HIMM LODGE, No. 68, A.\ p.-. M.\
A REGULAR COMMUNICATION OF HIRAM
LODGE will be held in the Lodge Room on MON?
DAY NIGHT, November 5, 1866, at half-past 7
o'clock. Brethren will take due notice ana govern
themselves accordingly.
By order of the W.\ M.\
JAMES A. HOYT, Secretary.
Oct. 11,1866 17 4
Burning Bush Chapter, No. 7, R.\A.\M.\
A REGULAR CONVOCATION OF BURNING
DUSI1 CHAPTER will be held in the Chapter
Room on MONDAY NIGHT, Nov. 12th 18C6, at
half-past seven o'clock. Companions will assem?
ble without further notice.
By order of the M.-.E.-.H.-.P..
JAMES A. HOIT, Secretary.
Oct. 11,1866 17 4
POST OFFICE NOTICE.
Arrival and Departure of the Mailt.
The Columbia mail arrives daily (Sundays ex?
cepted) at ?.10 p. m.
Open for delivery at 6 p. m.
Closes daily at 9 p. m.
The Greenville, Spartanburg and Union mail ar?
rives daily (Sundays excepted) at 9 a. m. Closes
daily at 2 p. m.
The Pendleton and Walhalla mail arrives on
Monday'at 6 a. m. Closes same day at 10 a. m.
Arrives Wednesdays and Saturdays at 2 p. in., and
closes same days at 4 p. m.
Persons will please get stamps during the week,
which will prevent them annoying the Post Office
on Sundays E. F. WEBB, P. M.
SILVER MEDAL FOUND.
THE Medal awarded by tbe State to.SaxCEL E.
AxoN, Palmetto Regiment, has been left with the
Town Marshall, Newton Scott. Any person
rightfully claiming said Medal can obtain it upon
application to Mr. Scott, paying for this adver?
tisement and rewarding tbe finder.
Oct. 25. 18G6 19 3
?
Estray Notice.
ESTRAYED from Mr. Moses Lacky's, on Thurs?
day, the 18th inst., a medium sized. bay Mare
Mule, about seven years old. Said Mule has a
small white spot on the left hip, and near the root'
of the tail, barefooted and a little reelfooted be?
fore?mane closely roached. and a rope around tbe
neck. Any person taking said Mule up will be
liberally rewarded by leaving it either at this place,
or at Centrevillc Mills.
DANIEL E. CARLILE.
Oct. 25, 1866 19 4
NOTICE TO DEBTORS.
PERSONS indebted to Harrison & Whitners for
professional services rendered since last Fall, are
requested, urged and admonished to come forward
and pay at least a part of their indebtedness, and -
secure the balance by note, where no note has
been given. Indefinite indulgence don't accord
with the spirit of the times. .
HARRISON & WHITNERS,
Attorneys' at Law.
Oct. 25, I860 19 - 2
NOTICE.
THE undersigned may be found at the office of J..
Scott Murray, Esq., on the 7th and 8th of Nov.
next. Those indebted to the Estate of THOMAS
PARKS, deceased, it is hoped will be ready to
make payment by that time, and save themselves
cost.
EDW. H. BOBO,
GEO. W. LESTER,
Administrators. '
Oct. 25, 1866 19 2
ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE.
WE will sell THE RENT belonging to the Eslate
of Thos. Parks, deceased, consisting of
Corn, Fodder, Wheat, &c.
AT THE GAMBRELL PLACE,
NEAR TOWNVIKLE, S. C.
AT PUBLIC OUTCRY,
On the 9th of November next.
Terms Cash.
EDW. H. E?OBO.
GEO. W. LESTER,
Administrators.
Oct. 25, 1866 19 2
MILLHSTERY.
IRS, ?. E. KEED,
Importer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer m
Millinery, Straw & Fancy Goods,
.main strebt, nest to usher & uei5it3h,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
INVITES tbe Trade to examine her full stock and
varied assort incut of Bonnets and Hats, trimmed ,
and untrimmed, Ribbons and Flowers of all de?
scriptions, Ladies' Hair in every color and shape.
Also, Plain aud French Corsets, which will be sold
very low.
Oct. 25, 18G6 19 3m
OFFICE A. C. S.,
ANDERSON, S. C, October 18tb, 1866.
SEALED PROPOSALS for furnishing the Subsia
sistenc? Department at Anderson, S. C, with
FRESH BEEF, of a good and marketable quality,
in equal proportion of Fore and Hind Quarters
Meat, (neck.?, shanks and kidney tallow to bo ex?
cluded.) in such quantities as may be from time
to time required, and on such days as shall be de?
signated by tbe commanding officer, will be re?
ceived at the office of the undersigned until 12
o'clock, m., of the 31st instant.
Proposals must be in duplicate, and addressed
to tbe undersigned at Anderson, S. C., endorsed ;
"Proposals for Furnishing Fresh Beef."
The contract will be for the six months ensuing,
or such time as tho Commissary-General may di?
rect.
Unreasonable bids will be rejected.
CHARLES F. LOSHE,
3d Lieut 8th U. S. Infantry.
Oct. 25, 1866 19
To the Public.
THE PAVILION HOTEL,
Corner Meeting and Hasel Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
SO LONG AND ABLY CONDUCTED BY THE
late H. L. BUTTERFIELD, will still be kept opea
for the accommodation of the Traveling Public.
? And its former friends and patrons will find the
usual accommodations and attentions bestowed on
them as formerly, and the public favors already so
well established as THE HOTEL of tho Traveling
Merchants of the South, will by earnest efforts be
faithfully preserved.
Oct. 25,1866 19 4\

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