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An. Independent Family Journal?Dcroted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence.
VOL. 3. ANDERSON, S. 0., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1868. NO. 33.
The Intelligencer Job Ifiifcc;
Ilaving racentiy made considerable ?f.:idi::.>"
this dcpaitnient, we are prepared lo erixute
3m (DI? ?IUL E'iHIS
In the uentest style and on the most rcnsor.al.lt
terms. Legal Blank.?, bill Heads. Posters. I.'nrds.
Handbills. Pamphlets, La'cfela, ami in tact ev<v*
style ol' work usually done in a country P-riwiu,
?Sy* In all cases, the money will hv- requirest
upon delivery of the work. Orders, accompanied
with the cash, will receive prompt attention ?
A Glance at the Situation.
The Washington correspondent of the
5 jreWv.York Herald makes the following
J"interesting, observations on the crisis.
':-". if one : s h o u 1 d b e" d e t c r red from. a? car.efu 1
pierusal. becauseit is lengthy:
- /j^'Wh'atthat caustic Scotch philosopher,
? T4)?hias Curiyle,calls '-the horioge of
. time,"??were wont to peal'out the passage
" ofJbne epoch into another, all men would
know. by> its resonant-clang that within'
] -the. pasL week a.great jwlitical transfor?
mation* haVta ken, place and that wo have
wttstvd'a new period- in our national des?
tinies, k The- horioge of time,- ho wevor,
iikothe -music'or the spheres, is audible.
. only.,to the tiner senses; few hear it, and
''.roostofus become apprised only at a late
date-of the change that has taken place.
If I-am in" error-.in my reading of the
. signs xtf the times''your* better "judgment
" will correct me and the event will right
V ??.ally-but I,'am,sure "that I am not mistaken"
- lu.a^nning.that the country.has reached
a-crisis; that the political lorcos have, on
the'Uiies on which they have been moving,
cnh?uTated,-and that the two antagonistic
.political..parties, have attained ? definite
: . poliey^and a .new point of departure.
, /- Let me sketch the merest outline of the
. -rrvah programmes which the respective
'? sides have^hiarked o?f"ibrV>thoir;giiidui?ce
?r|)rQgrammes made up in secret conclave
' and.iu .which, though a good deal is yet
indeterminate, the cardinal points have i
: -be^Kldetiiutely...agreed upon, as hero-pro-,
scnto'd!"'" ' ' ' v.
/And first as to- the policy 6f the Radi
" cals.-1;Itis bold, desperate and "the fruit
.'of desperutioh: Its first palpable mani?
festation was the restoration of Stauten.
. Yo? have noticed the unexpected una
. muuty- with ?which this was- earr-ied
through. ' .You have observed - that the
set was favored by the. whole body of the
whilom u.canservative""Eepunlieu?j" Sena
? t^rdv who:n?t 'only acquiesced in the meas
? ureVb?f ui-ged iL in eloquent;speeches. ' 1
.-shitU* liotr.stop here to "inq-iire i.ito the
cause"of $fi?, change. i4uk has come over
- -"this class of Senators; it,.must be a cause
uukno\v> to' tlitv' public, and wise men are
R0.1 slow "in attributing it to the use of the
enorTii.^us" patronage,; pecuniary and pef
-so^j^.fthe^tTe^i?y of War., ^jfteg^rd
"' Ln^this-I shall have some revelations to
mtike ere long;.suf?c4-Ml-novv to note that
rtherer?is at length, perfect unity anil cohe
? sibn"a>M?)r?? iW KadicnJs." ' '
"TJjdHHadiea'l 'jir?iy?mmoi first-of " ail,
', makes.Stant?n thcvdjreeting mind of the
-ne\v dy nasty.- To., hi in is assigned the
V r'tfe.of the ?.anton of this -revolutionary, j
movement. ? It uvn?t be allowed he is uoL
iiKstiiU'd to the part, lie is a.bold, bad'
- muAv.intscrup"uU>ti3,'sdhisn.'rttn hi Lions. The
icg^l?t":a-e chief i < to be Beh.' Wade. He
: will be put. on the Presidential ticket for
? th? Secoud office,so.as to-make him Presi
. Oent-.pfvthe Senate. This compensates
turn for his defeat in Ohio, and secures hie
; actire co-operation in the Radical scheme.
Stanton, Wade?the one the administra?
tive,: the other the legislative chief of the
The Presidential figure is?Grant! This
is firmly determined on, Grant is satisfac*
' ton: enough to tho.Jacobins, for,.fir-it, his
. military "reputation will help float them,
'and, secondly-, he is not regarded, as. a
dangerous man. They know"-weff what j
the people (who,have all kindsof mistaken
notions, about Grant) do not?namely
ly that he is a man of a very easy, plastic
-tenri'per.7 '"'Stanton tried several timeH to.
kill him; but, not succeeding, he is con?
tent to control -hiii). which he knows he.
. can do through his superior,force of will..
Gra*?t~wrll go the full extent of the Radi?
cal policy. Not that he "specially "likesi it
of would.have .desired. it. but his...facile
wili has completely given way. He did
not,, for instance, like the hew Military
BillVhA-s?w what a tremendous and
crushing responsibility it would place on
. Iiis_,shoulders, and he went to Congress
the other day . to see if he could not per?
suade members to case on him*. Failing,
however, he just fell in with, their plans.
The capture of the great captor by the
Radicals?the unconditional surrender of
Grant?is justly regarded by them as a
notable triumph. -In this result they have
been favored by an- unlucky faux pus on
the part r f the President. It is beyond
question true that; Grant assured Mr.
Johnson , he would give him 'sufficient!
warning to enable htm to place somebodj*
elso-at the head of the War Department
before Stauton could get possession. But
by a maladroit inspiration Mr. Johnson
resolved to install General McClernand in
the office. Grant learned'this privately.
McGlurnnnd is Grant's especial onemy.
THe thing stung him to" the quick. In
this mood of mind ho was worked upon
by the temptations and entreaties of the
Jacobins. The combination of influence
was too much for him; he yielded, aban?
doned his position, and left Stanton
free to entrench himself in-the citadel of
power. You seeddriug the-past few days
the statement that Grant has been urging
Stanton to resign?which is a most fitting
Btory for the marines.
Such .are.to be the loading figures in the
plot of the'Radicals, who-hft-ve determined
on a desperate course with the view of
securing themselves in power. This plan
embraces, to begin with, the speedy re?
construction and immediate admission of
the-ten negro-State*. No black will be
elected to either Honse of Congress in anj'
one of these States on account of its ill
effect - "With these votes they expect to
bold tho balance of power; so that recon
?Btrnction will bo their first measuro. But
in addition their programme embraces a
? courso of revolutionary legislation that
may, considering the implacable temper
of Mr;-Johnson, prompt a second impeach?
ment, in which case. Stanton would bo
Premier immediately, and; Ben> Wade
President. In view of this possible re?
sult it was that tb? Senat? unanimously
reinstated Stanton, and the Radical ohiofs
have acquiesced in Stan ton's own purpose
of maintaining his place in defiance of the
President, hoping thus to urge on Mr.
Johnson to action,, which might leud to
the same result before the election which
they hope from the election itself. If,
however, there be no such conjuncture of
events as to make impeachment possible
tlie Jacobins will limit themselves to
moving with direct strides on their-own
line. They have resolved to carry their
policy with a high hand! The country
may look for decided, sudden^bold and
staitling measures and for united action
on their part.. If the Supreme Court dare
to render any adverse decisions the court
will, as they have avowed to me, be swept
out of existence in an ho nr.' The new
military despotism bill pass the Senate as
well as the House. And they will act in
'With' the sketch of the Radical pro?
gramme, on the correctness of which you
may rely with implicit faith, it may bo
worth while to glance at the antagonistic
political elements these bold schemers
have to encounter. Having shown this
I shall'sot forth the programme and poli?
cy of the Democratic leaders. The ele?
ments of opposition-may be enumerated
J...A largo majority of the men of prop,
i5. Merchants hurt by protection.
3 Manufacturers destroyed by the In?
4. Workiugmcn, thrown out of employ?
ment everywhere and unable to get broad
om account of general distress and high
5 The Irish and German elements, re
pell ed. by the summary arm Sunday laws
and the absolute repudiation by. the Re?
publicans of their rigbts-ae citizens ol the
6. The Catholic element, in antagonism
to the individualism and prospective char?
acter of.the- Puritan spirit..
7- The legal profession generally, alarm?
ed a iid: wo imded by the assault on the Su?
8. Conservative classes, disgusted by
the general Uadical tendencies of legisla?
tion, repelled by negrophilism and dam?
aged by tho prostration of business and
9. An important part of the banking
interest represented by Chase and. his
friend*, who, offended by ? w?ni of recog?
nition, and fearing the destruction of their
own interests., are secretly working
against the Republicans, and' who will, as
I. shall show, make a.uud? jvatli tho Dem
10. The foreign interest and'the infill
er^e oi foreign governments and the men
connected with them. This class will bo
in opposition on account of being deprived
of the fruits of-international commerce by
the utter prostration of trade-:
11. A class of calm, reflecting, consoi?
entious men (mostly retired, from active
pursuits) who see in tho events of the
times the destruction of -individual free?
dom and: tiie&ubslitution ot military des?
potism tor republican government.
12..-The womanhood, of tho . country,
outraged by the grant of suffrage to the
negroes while it is denied to the refined
cultured, members of their own sex.
Such are-the forces at war with the
Jacobinical plan of perpetuating its-power..
They will be sufficient to destroy it (of
this Radicals are themselves aware and
hence their desperut.iou) provided the
Democrats are wise. And that ihey are
not disposed to be fooliskwill, I think, be
.manifest when I reveal the course of ac?
tion lately determined on.
The Democratic policy is already formed.
Tlie programme is simple and natural
It represents tlie highest phase of political
philosophy, and- has-in it the elements of
success strikingly manifest. Its first point
is, no Presidential candidate.till the last
moment. Every element of opinion and
over}- interest is to be at liberty to advocate
its own nomineo up to-the fixed hour. Ail.
speculation as to possible candidates is for
the present, therefore, futile and absurd.
For the first time in-party history tlie1
President is stricken out of the rubic of
our politics as an unimportant figure.
The men of real power are the Warwieks,
the kingmakers who are to control the
Democratic administration. These men
have been designated in secret papal con?
clave by the Democratic cardinals, The
nominee, whoever he may be, will be a
man who accepts tho arrangement al?
ready entered into. This arrangement
looks to the organization and.cohesion, of
all.the elements of success. Let me enu?
merate some of these elements of power
relied on to eustain the programme.
1. The financial men of Europe and
America. (The nature of secret treaty
will presontly be shown.)
2. Commercial men who look to the
restoration and extension of foreign trade.
3. Manufacturers who are alarmed by
the apathy of government in regard to
4. Workini;mcn who want employment,
relief from High prices and amelioration"
of their condition.a?proletnircs.
ft. The Irish and Gorman masses, al?
ways attached to the Democratic party
and? now looking to it for the settlement
of questions of importance to them.
6. The Catholics,.long wedded to the
Democratic part}- and' alarmed5 by the
progress of agrarianisrn in politics. 1
7. The regular army, which naturally
adheres to the Democracy of theeountry,
is per se Conservative, and presents in its
subordinate officers many possible aspir?
ants for the Presidency in opposition to
the chief of tho army who i* designated
as the candidate of the Republicans.
8; All national capitalist*, who wonld
bo bene6ted:by the immediate restoration
of the South..
9. The influence of the women of the
eon ntry. to whom negro saftarge and 60
oral equality are instinctively repulsive.
To this add the influence of the relatives
of the soldiers whose lives have been sac?
rificed in battle, but the fruit oi whose
heroic effort has *been frittered away in
years of experimental legislation.
It will probably be conceded that these
are elements of power that adhere natu
rally to the Democratic party. It now
remains to show another most potent
force, which, though not naturally in af?
filiation, has been gained1 by alliance and
contract. The last stroke is tho most
consumate piece of political strategy that
has been seen this many a year. It is of
tlie nature of an indissoluble union made
between the repudiators and the bond?
holders. The repudiators, tho Pendloton
people, will go before the country prom?
ising plenty of paper money, no taxes and
immunity from the existing financial obli?
gations?legal tenders pay everything.
But the bondholders- have a written com?
pact with the men who are to control the
government that the obligations are to
be paid in gold: This stroke will give
the new Democratic administration the
support of the financial classes of (life
country and enlist the co operations of the
Rothschilds- ami financial, princes of Eu?
rope, between whom and the people of
this country Belmont is to hold the key
of the diplomatic relations. The terms
of tiiis- secret compact embrace four
clauses, viz-?Free speech in the popular
canvass; the recognition- of alb national
obligations and their redemption in the
recognized currency of the financiers of
Europe and America; postponement of
the payment of the national obligations
to an indefinite period, thus necessitating
the raising only of the sum duo for inter?
est ; the development of our material re?
sources as a basis for the redemption of
the debt* of the country. .
Let us look into some general consid?
erations that will- enter into the issu-*
The Republicans go into tho canvass with
their candidate irrevocnbly designated a
year fh advance, which; has never failed
to prove fatal to any part}' in llii;- coun?
try. It further labors under the- disad?
vantage of having its administrative and
legislative chiefs nominated in tho per?
sons of Stanton and Wade, who are irre?
trievably committed.to a.financial policy
which is unsatisfactory 'to-the pvopjb. and
which fails to attach . to them the bondf
holdcrs. On the other hand, the Demo?
crats enter the canvass without an)- r.oifl
ination of a candidate, and will thus be in
position to-lake tho chances of the mo?
ment in the selection of a standard bearer.
They have the &trongth and" cohesion
which arise iroiri-a i*ocrei and indissoluble
compact between the leaders representing
the different sections and different inter?
ests who are to direct the affairs and
policy of- the Democratic administration,
anil whose representativeithe Presidential
candidate will bo when he is designated.
In addition, the}* have reinlorccd them?
selves by the union of tiie bondholders in
support of the policy on the terms of the
compact heretofore given. Then they
have the cd-opettttion of all the elements
of-popular power I have already enumera?
ted; A-ud,. tin-ally, they will have the en?
thusiastic and united, adhesion of the
floating part of the population, which has
always been sufficiently large to control
elections in this country.
Tho development of this now scheme of
the Democratic leaders will not be made
until some event shall occur, to manifest
unmistakably the direction of. public sen?
timent. It will be noticed that in all
political revolutions in the United States
there has boon an indication or "sign''
from seme .quarter accepted by the coun?
try as the key note of the popular tem?
per. In 184U it was Maine, then first
called tho '-Star of the East," In 1866 it
was again Maine. In 1867 Connecticut
led'dfT, and the result was instantaneously
accepted as the key note. These politi?
cal transformations aro not to be attribu?
ted to any local change of sentiment; the
election is simpU- the disclosure of tho se?
cret change,.and it does- not, therefore,
necessarily attach.to any particular State
or action of the country; When the revo?
lution has-oneo taken place in the public
mind tho first election which occurs ex?
hibits the fact..
This year all parties look to the result,
in New Hampshire as foretelling with un?
erring certainty the course of the Presi?
dential canvass. Jf New Hampshire, for
the first time sin bo the election of Pierce,
gives a Democratic majority, or if the
Republican majority, steadily maintained
during the past fifteen years; be greatly
reduced, the handwritiug will be seen on
the wall so ihnti the wayfaring man,
though a fool, will-be ablo to-read.. Wait
for the tocsin from New- Hampshire.
? "Yuba Dam," of the Louisville
Courier, says: I never knew a genuine
Blue Grass lady to say no to a lover.. They
think it is a breach of hospitality to refuse
to marry a body. It is a pleasant way
they have of making a young man feel at
ease in their society." No doubt they diffuse
vast amount of transient happiness in tliifr
way,.but like all happiness, it has its at?
I knew a young lady of that locality,,
who, during the war, was solemnly engag?
ed'to fifty officers ranging from* second
lieutenants up to brigadiers. She had a
mortgage on every federal shoulder-strap
within twenty miles of her while General
Gilmore commanded in that region. Du?
ring Kirby Smith's short sojourn: in . Lex?
ington, she agreed to marry all His single
officers as soon as the war was over, lie
| sides a dozen or two good looking private
soldlers. ?Tust before the close of the war
I she cancelled those obligations by marry
; ing a wellcd-stoeked farm- and a pair of
blaok whisker? that she has been engaged
to all the time. She isstoilalive, in the en?
joyment of good health, a member of the
ebureb, und expects t' get to Heaven.
The Pracas in Charleston.
Brief mention was made in our last issue
of an assault by a son of Dr. Alackey upon
the reporter of the Charleston Mercury.
The following account of the affair is
copied fron) the JVeces :
The convention yesterday had scarcely
adjourned, before the hall waH a scene of
wild excitement^ resulting from an assault
by E. W. AI. Alackey uponRoswell T. Lo
gan, Esq., assistant editor of" the Charles?
As the events transpired in the presence
of the writer of these paragraphs, we
speak of*what we know, and not from in?
formation of any other person.
Air. Logan was in convention with the
reporter of the News, relating the action
of the convention on the report of the Fi?
nance Committee, and.in t he act of rolling
up his-papers, when AJaekey approached
and enquired : " Are you the writer of the
article iu the Charleston Mercury concern?
ing my father?" Mr.. Logan replied, " I
Then said Alackey,. drawing baok with
a curse, '* take that," and1 delivered a
blow.. Mr. Logan threw up his arm as a
fence and struck back, and at the same
moment was seized by one or two perrons
nearest to hini. Mackey, being more pow?
erful, although the attempt was also made
to hold him by Air. Whittemore and oth?
ers, was not so easily restrained, and he
succeeded in striking and kicking once or
twioe, but only one blow took effect, and
that was upon the forehead o? the assaul?
By this time?in Icps than a minutes
delegates, white and black, were pitching
frantically forward towards the reporter's
table, anctseene of affray, and iu the pres?
ence of the crowd, which followed' Air.. Lo?
gan, held in the arms of F.. AI. Alosesj jr.,
(white,) of Stunter, was forced down the
hall, nearly to the middle, and against one
of the windows.. The excitement now be?
came intense. Cries were .heard "kill
him"?"cut the villians throat "?"throw
him out of the window;" "No! let him
alone"?r" the dignity of the convention is
at stake"?"don't let him be hurt''?
"keep back"?"keep back"?"order' ?
"hands off','' &c. Air. Aloses meanwhile
still clasped Mr. Logan, and'declared that
if " any man struck the reporter they
would have to strike him," doing all that
lay in his power to quell the now fairly
aroused passions of the crowd. At this
juncture, the president of the convention
pushed his way through the crowd?lit i*
said with a horse-whip in hi? hand, which
was. taken from him by some of the colored
delegates, but the writer saw nothing o*
this)?and while Logan was thus sur?
rounded, by forty or fifty persons, standing
on tables, chairs, and filling every space
that could be occupied by a human body,
Dr. Alackey opened " battery" on him,,
and as an old lady would say, gave him "a
piece of hi* mind;" He said that he did
not li?>ld'him responsible for his abuse so
much as the persons whe employed him;
that he was engaged iu a mean, contemp?
tible and dirty business, and that if any
retribution was to be meted out, it be?
longed to those who paid him his salary
to come there and delaine the characters
of members of tlie convention, &c, &c.
We do notof course pretend to give the
exact language, but the above, strongly
infused with adjectives and expletives,
expresses tho opiuiou of the ebuillition of
During this addross, v hieb occupied
perhaps two minutes, the excitement with
in the bar among the members of the con?
vention and without among the colored
spectators, many of whom climbed over
the bar, leaohed* a dangejous pitch. Cries
were heard of "throw Kim out of the
window"?'vent Ws throat"?''kill Him,
it serves-him right," and the most bitter
and vengeful threats, indicated a disposi?
tion to commit murder on.the spot.
The behavior of Air. Logan, thus sur?
rounded, was most commendable. Calm,
cool, and perfectly enquenched, he held
his tongue and waited for the excitement
Vo subside. During this period,, it is but
just to say, the "leaders of the convention
of both races did all in their power to pre?
serve order and prevent what was most
feared?bloodshed;. Among these may be
mentioned" C C. Bowen, who, like Dr.
Alackey, was- the subject of description in
the Merairy of yesterday ; B. F. Whitte
more,.Dr Newell, R.. C. DeLargp, J. J'.j
Wright. W. E. Johnson, W. J. Whipper,
CM.. Wilder, T. Hurley,.and others.
The counsel of these parties and their
associates finally prevailed. U gradually
stole over the minds of members that the
" dignity of the convention " was at stake,
and'Air. Logan was permitted' to retire
again to the vicinity of the reporter's ta?
ble. Here, a policeman made his appear?
ance. Air. Logan requested his company
to the office of:the Mercury and protection
from the mob.
At this point Dr. Alackey again came
up, and' heaiing the request of the repre?
sentative of the Mercury, he him?
self would accompany Mr. ..oiranfioni the
hall; and afford him protection. B. F.
Whittemore, Hurley, J. J. Wright, Ran?
dolph and others, likewise offered their
escort, whereupon the parties left the hall.
There is no doubt that had not'the tem?
porizing measures of a few of the calmer
and more sensible men in the convention
prevailed, the affair would have resulted
in-ia serious manner. Only the presence
and oounselS of delegates possessing the
confidence ofthe outside throng prevented
bloodshed. The throats mado were loud
and'sanguinary, and a epark only would
have ignited a'spirit ripe for any evil. Dr.
Alackey, however, took occasion to say to
a crowd outside that ho did not hold Air.
Logan at all responsible for the publica?
tion; and'in-vituperative language charged
it upon Air. Rhett, the editor of the Mer?
Mr. Logan has tat a single bruise, and
that is on his forehand. The only wonder
w that, under the circumstances, first of
being assaulted by a much larger man
than himself, and secondly of beinu threat?
ened with still more severe punishment
by an excited crowd, he escaped so well..
? The above facts are written in 'he sa'titfe
fair and candid spirit that has prompted
all the reports concerning the convention
in this paper. They are the observations
of an eye witness, and therefore?truth.
In the' oinention, on Wednesday, the
annexed" proceedings were had in refer?
ence to the Mercury:
T. J. Coghlan, of Sumter, offered a reso
Ultimi, that the reporter of the Mercury he
excluded from the floor and privileges of
this house. The motion was carried,.and
Mr. Lo<ran retired. !
The President ordered the Serireant-at :
Arms to exclude the -eporter of the Mer?
cury from the floor of the house.
Affairs in this Military District.
The annexed letter from Col. A. J. Wil- ,
lard, in charge of tl e Bureau of Civil At' !
fairs, presents ngratifyiugand satisfactory
view of affairs in this Military Distiict..
It is addressed to Messrs. G. H. Benedict <fc
Co., No. 31 Pine Street, New York, in re?
sponse to inquiries made in regard to the
condition ot things in this State, and
whether it was prudent and safe for capi?
talists to come here, and"invest in real.es
t?te and securities. The letter bears date
January 22, 186H, and is as follows:.
Genti.emln*:?Referring to your com
munication of the 4th instant, in which
you state there are many persons who
would gladly purchase and become per?
manent residents ot this State, could they
prudently do so; but the statement" so
frequently published in the da ly press of
outrages, on the part of both whites and
blacks, have occasioned throughout, the
North a general belief that property and
life are in constant jeop.ody everywhere
in the reconstructed Mates, and especially
so in South Carolina, ami in which you in?
quire as to the truth of these statements.
I have the honor to state that my ac
quuiiitance with the condition of routh
Carolina ext i.d> back- to the e minence
ment of the period of its occupation by
our Army, although during that period I
was absent a few months at the North. In
regard to both North and South Carolina,
since the first of Jtny last, my chief sources
of information are,.the facts officially re?
ported, and'known at the>e headquarters.
As to the general question (it. the security
or'life and.propeity in the State ot South
Carolins, the best evidence that can bead
duced is to be derived from the conduct ot
the people themselves. 'I hey mo\ e*about
the cities and country in. the pursuii of
business or pleasure without any. marks of
apprehension, and without any unusual
precautions. There have been a tew ex
ceplions to the universal application of. the
statement, hut I am not aware of au v such
exceptions at the present lime. The cities
are remarkably Iree from that description
of:violence'that is regarded us most hostile
to the security of life and property. The
streets are considered safe at all hours,.and
people go about tliem with less appiehen
sion than they would experience in tra
versing under the same circumstances the
streets of any. of the large Northern cities.
There has been a marked decrease in the
amount-of crime committed within this
State s.nee the first year after its occupa?
tion.. During 1865 the preponderance was
on the side of outrages committed by
whites against blacks. During 1866 the
number of crimes committed, by. blacks
against whites preponderated. During
the last year the class of crimes that sprung
in 1865 and 1866,.out ot the disturbed po?
litical relations of the country have de
creased to such-an extent that the military
tribunals, which have usually adjudicated
cases of that character, have hadeompar
atively little to do.
The ciimes"and'disorders occurring at
present in the two States of North and
South Carolina are such as the ordinary
administration ol justice can take care" of..
If the courts of the two States had- the
confidence of all classes, and the requisite
material and means for the detection ami
punishment ot offenders, the community
would*speedily be reduced to excellent-or?
der by these means alone.
In this connection it is perhaps interest?
ing to you to know that from the first oc?
cupation of the State, the mildest mea. s
of preserving order have always been suf?
ficient. As far as my information goes,
\ and it is helie\ed to be accurate, since the
military occupation of these States the
I maintenance of order has not occ asioned
the expenditure of a single cartridge.
Capitalists would doubtless desire to
know if there is any indication of a war of
races-inthis sectionofthe country. There
never has been any ii dieation of such a
catastrophe in cither of these States. The
blacks as a people are universally admitted
to be a peaceable, good natu red and law
j abiding. No motive exists for such a col?
lision, nor can anything short ol class
' legislation and a partial .tdmmisrration of
justice bring about such a result. I liner,
the Governments that, arc in progress of
formation, no such results need'be feared:
The feelinir amoiiL'all who are in a posi
tion to influence public action is satisfac?
tory' on tMis point. Some assume that the
tendency ofthe general desire among tie
blocks for the possession of the land, is
found sufficient for a division of race inter
est, but this apprehension will not sustain
examination. The cry tor land is not raised,
in Italy, France or England, where even
rood' of available soil is occupied and
placed, as a general thing, beyond the
reach ofthe laboring-class ; but- in a sparse
lv settled country, where there is abundant
means of gratifying it without injury to
The immense tracts of wild land through
. cut tb?w tfcatea, on which the owner* can
not afford to pay taxts, aie a conclusive
answer to this fear. Tlie disiie lor land
is an indication that tlie blacks look to in?
dustry tor 'support,, and is a cry lor the
culture of domestic hie in haimouy with:
Uiat lor schools and education
Reliance cannot be placed on th? liews
papi r accounts of outrages floallii. through
tiic country. The nrotive tin such pnbii
caiion is mainly political, and the in..,, ma
ti-uj is generally obtained from rumor or
private some s, and is scidom lerihc-d by
any means adopted by tlie l less to deter
mi. e i's co reeu.ess. 1 i.ave i.o hr.-iiniinii'
in -a-mg mat thci? exists no loin daiioii
in f.ici lor the slaieliuuts that the blacks
are an insubordinate condition, fci.ch
st-.teuieuis ought to Le leg idid as n.is
leptcsentalhuis, springing ei her JioJn hn
nu.nly t??es or from malicious motives.
"111?- e who talk ot a war ol iaces cannot
fin., outside of ibei. uu ii breasts en hci tl.e
passions or the purposes that wouid piompt
such a state of ti i.igs. \ou mav a-.-ure
these j e sous at li e North, who de-ne to'
sie . h.-iues iu btiutli Carolina, im.t tin v
mav reiy on tcaiity and amp e-reluri sf.r
all i..visunents oi a sub.-rai liai ai.d not
ineiily speculative character in ih.s .-ia;e
1 uui, gentlemen, veiy lesptcliuny,.
lour obedient servant,
A; J. V? ilLAKD,
In charge of the Bureau of civ it Atfairs;-.
The Convention Tlx Bill.
As u matter ot pecuniary im? um to
our readers, we subjoin the .ordinance
adopted by the iSeg i oc'iiavvag Coiivt n-'
tion 10 n.isi nioiny to del ray lite exj en
ses ot that Concern. ,
lu the Convention, on Wednesday, the
tax ordinance was tauen up. read a ii.nd
lime and passed, as follows :
That there siiall- be assessed and co!-'
1- eted by the Tax Collet*'urs ot the scv? ral
Distr.ciS and Parishes in this Stale, in ad?
dition to tut- tax ii I ready levied, under
(ii nerai Orders No. 13?, issued from II an
quarters. Second Military Distiiet. by
brevet Major General hi. R. S. Can by, j
commanding said District, dated Charles?
ton. De.-einbiT H, lSu7, tl.e to.lowing tax?
es, w hich shaii be collected I'v the persons
:iii<| :il tlie *i nes and in the manlier pre-^.
> n- d y ail Gen.rd Orcers: Un all
real esiaie, seven :.n . a iiali cents on every
I hundred do Inrs,.except:ng sue.i lands as-"
are exempted iu Article 1 ol .-aid Geherai'
Order. On articles mauulactuicd for
-ale, baiter or exchange, i ?Wien ihe
first day of January; 1808, and tin- first
day of January, lftt;9j ti iwn ecu s mi
every hundred dollars. t<> be paid bj the4
iiianutai-t ui er. Un l?iiir?u-ni i-ar-riaj?cS.
gold and si'ver plate, waici.es. j?w. Irv
.-?ml pianos, on hand on the ist uin of"
January; l8b'o', except when held l-y
dealers tor purposes or sale, fifty cents . n
every hundred dollars. From trie ?ah; of
goods,.wares or merchandize, cml.iin-ii <? ?
all'the a-t tides of trade, sale, bat ter. or
ex< haii^e,.(the cotton taxed *.*y tlieUvitt d
Slates ex? epud ) which an}' person shall
make between the 1st day January.
8?H ami the 8l'st~.day ol-December. lh>.i*$.
ntteen cents nu every one liiindn d dol?
lars. And the Tax Collectors, Sheriffs,
or any other persons whose duty it may*
b-- t.j collect, or the Treasurer oi the
State, whose ?Inty* it is ii. receive, shall
he liable upon their riVpVcl.ive ?ffii ai
bonds lor neglecting or refu>iii*j lo collect;
safely keep, pay over, and dislmrse lhe
same in c nf-rinity to the orders.of"this
That a sufficient amount of the suit
thus realized, is hereby appropriated to
refund lo the Tn asurer o! the State of
South Carolina, any sum or sums which
may l*e axlvaneed by the order ot Gciierai
Can by. or otherwise, for the payment-of
the per diem, mileage, or of her expanses
of. this Co vention, iu bills reeciv.-b e of
the Si e.
That i he faith :u d credit the State
a*e hereby pledged b?r he* "ed? niptum of
h?ls rvccfvtilth* ot (In- State of Si.nth
Carolina, issued in oonl.-rn i1 v to an Act
oflhi; Gi n r.il Assciiil.h O.' In said State,,
in De *?-!!.her. :8t>5. and snh-efpi'v.tly 'he
AitO" Si piemhcr. JNti? . a d S?!'or:tl:e
ptyiuciitof tin* bond- and oihvr o'li.a
fio.-s of the Slate: P.cu><I<d. That all oh
igaiio s cr -ated for the put pose oi aiding
the rebellion. anJ for maiutaiiiin<r a hos?
tile Go*-eniiMcnt to the laws and author],
ti s of ' he Uni'.od States are Inrcby de?
clared, to he null and-void, and shall nev?
er be paid by any tax to ' e imposed upon
[ the people of South Caio?na.
That for the pnrpo e of deftav iiiir the
current expenses of tlos Qouveil?..i?jn?the'"
payment ol da officer*:, nie'i.b'-rs ??no c"i.i>i
lihgenl ac-onnts?ftrevvt Mai>>i? Gencr 1
Ed. R. S Caiiby. Coiuiiomm i- ir th.>S< ?
ond Military District, be requested to
issue from time to time, as may I e i ci rs.
sarv. such orders upon the Tri*:isuiy ot
the Stale of Smith Carolina, tor the pay.
meht of such sums as may be autboriz?d
bv this-Convention. in such anwuints as
niav he airrei-d - upon, between th??.Pr?*si^>
deiit id' the Convention? and- fhe Gcnernl
Commanding, to tIn* <if5icers and nnonlx rs
' of this body, their per diem and milcaire.
and for rite current expenses of the same;
and that th?v amoun* of tax, henih au?
thorized to be I -vi-'d. shall he placed in
the Treasury of the State to reimburse
i That if the taxes fetred nnd a sussed
under ibis ordinance xhonld he in excess
of t lie whole expenses of tld" Gioo ention,
it. shall be retained in the Treasurv. ftnh.
jcet to the fniiiro order of the Conven?
tion, or of the L<*?i<l:!tnre. vvbi.-h may
meet in conformity to the provisions nf
he Con<litiitiou to be adopted by this*
Convention. Should there bo anv d.?fi
c-iencv in the sum required to be raised by
laxrttion under the ordinance, tn reim
hui-se- the Treasury for its "Wtlav. the
first Tjeuislat.nre winch shall assemble
hereafter, shall make such turtb r pro?
vision as may. bo necessary to rais funds
for the ^urijuw.
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