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An Independent Family Journal?-Beroted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence.
VOL. 3. ANDERSON, S. 0., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1868. NO. 35.
.BY HOtI & VAiTEBS.
two dollars ajto a half pee annttm,
in dSited states c?ebexcy.
RATES OF ADVERTISING. ?
- Advertisements inserted at the rates of Otfe dol?
lar per square of twelve lines for the first insertion
and; Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion.
-Liberal deductions made to those who advertise by
the'year. - '
?5y*'Fof announcing a candidate, Five Dollars
. in advance.
The Legislative Department.
on the Legislative
Departmeot has been presented to the
Convention by the Committee oh'the
Legislativ?; part oft.the Constitution), aud
read a first time :
Section 1. The Legislative power of j
" this State shall be vested in two distinct
branches, the one to be styled the Sen?
ate,'* and the other the "Houseof Repre?
sentatives," aud both together the " Genr
eral Assembly of the State of South Caro?
' Sec,-2. The House of Representatives
ehaif he: composed of members ebo.'icn by
ballot every second year, by the citizens
oFthis Slate, qualified as in this constitu?
tion is provided. >
Seo!.;?. The Judicial Districts si..ill here-\
atter be designated as counties, and the
boundaries <i* the? seventh counties shall
remain as they ;at*e now established, ex?
cept the County/ f Charleston, which shall
bedivided into two counties^ one consis
ting.of the late Parishes) ofSL_Pliill?p and
St. Michael to bo designated as the Coun?
ty of Charleston ; the other consisting of
affthitt part of the late Judicial District
of Charleston which is without the limitsj
of~the said parishes, to he- known as thiej
County oi Berkley; Provided, That the
legislature-shall Ihivo- the Ipower at any
time, by a vote of two-thirds of both
Houses, to organize new counties by
" changing the boundaries of any of the
old ones; but tio new county shall bo
hereafter formed of less exter.t than. 625
-square miles, nor shall any existing eoun
ties^e reduced to a less extent than 625
square miles. Each coonty shall consti?
tute 'one election district.
Sue. 4. The House ot Representatives
.shall consist of twenty-four members, to
S>e apportioned among the several coun?
ties according to th j number of inhabi?
tants contained in each. An enumeration
of the iohitbitauts, for this purpose, shall
be-ruade in 1869, and again in 1875, and
shall be made in the course of every tenth
yearthereafter, in such manner as shall
itiefcylaur directed; and representatives
shah7 be assigned to the different counties
in the above mentioned proportion, by act
of the-General Assembly at the session
immediate*}- succeeding every enumera
noh jrProvided, Thatuntil the apportion
ineut, which shall be made upon the next
enumeration, shall take effect, the repre?
sentation of the several counties as here
ip constituted, shall be the. same- as the ,
number of delegates allowed to each
county in this convention.
5ec. 5. If the enumeration herein di?
rected shall not-be made in the course of
the,year appointed for the purpose, it
shall be the duly of the Governorto have
it effected'as 90 W) thereafter as shall be
? &?C In assigning representatives to the
f?evera3 counties, the General Assembly
shall allow one representative to every
one hundred and twenty .fourth .part of
the whole number of inhabitants in the
State; Provided, That if in the appor?
tionment of-representatives any county
tjfeJJ Appear not to be entitled; from its
population.,; to a repr^sentativersuch coun?
ty shall nevertheless send one representa?
tive; and it there still be a deficiency of
:the number of representatives required
Iby Section 4, sueh deficiency shall be sup?
plied by assigning representatives to
those counties having the largest surplus
' rSco^rT- &<> apportionment of represen
ta^ves shall be construed to take effect,
in any manner, until the general election
which shall succeed such apportionment.
Sec. 8. The Senate shall be composed
of.pjiej'memher from each connty. tobe
erected', for the term 'of four years.-by the
qualified voters of the State, in the same
inannerby which members of the House
of Representatives are chosen.
SEC. 9. Upon the meeting of the first
General Assembly which shall be chosen
under the provisions ?f this constitution,
the Senators shall be divided, by lot, into
two classes, as nearly equal as may be;
the seats of the Senators of the first.class
to be vacated at the expiration ot two
years alter the Monday following the
general election, und ..of those of the se?
cond class at the expiration of four years;
or that, except as above provided, one
half of the Senators may be chosen eve?
ry aecond yean
Sec. 10. No person shali be eligible to
a seat in the Semite or House ot Repre?
sentatives who at the time ol his election
is not a citizen of the Unrod Suites; hbr
anyone who has not been lor one year
? next preceding his election a resident of |
thisState, and for three months next pre?
ceding his election a resident of the coun
ty whence he may be chosen, nor any- one
who has been comieted of an infamous
crime. Senators Khali be at least twenty
five, and representatives at least twenty
one years of age.
Sec. 11. The first election for Senators
and Represwntativcs under the provisions
of this constitution shall be held on the
?- Wednesday of March ol the present
year; and the second election shall be
held on the third Wednesday in October,
1869, and forever thereafter on the same
day in every second year, in such manner
and at such places as the legislature may
Sec 12. The first session of the Gen?
eral Assembly, after the ratification of
this constitution, shall be convened on the
-'Monday in April of the presentyear.
in the city of Columbia (which shall re?
main the seat of Government until other?
wise determined by the concurrence of
two-thirds of both branches ot the whole
representation,) und thereafter on the
fourth Monday In November annually.
Should the casualties of war or contagious
diseases render it unsafe to meet at the
?ei* af government, then the Governor
may, by proclamation, appoint a moro se?
cure and convenient place of meeting.
- Sec. 13. The terms of office of the sen?
ators and representatives chosen at a gen?
eral election shall begin on the Monday
following such election.
Sec. 14. Each House shall judge of the
election returns and qualifications of its
own members; and a majority of each
House shall constitute a quorum to do
business; but a smaller number may ad?
journ from day to day, and may bo au?
thorized to compel the attendance of ab?
sent members, in such manner and under
such penalties as may be provided by law.
Sec. 15. Each House shall choose its
own officers, determine its rules lor pro?
ceeding, punish its members for disorder?
ly behavior, and, with the concurrence of
two-thirds, expel a member, but not a
second time for the same cause.
Sec. 16. Each House may punish by
imprisonment during its sitting, any per?
son not a member, who shall be guilty of
disrespect to the House by any disorderly
or'contemptuous behavior in its pres?
ence; or who, during the time of its sit?
ting, shall theaten harm to body or estate
of any member for anything said or done
in either House, or who shall assault or
arrest any witness or other person or?
dered to attend the house, iu his going
going thereto or returning therefrom, or
who shall rescue any person arrested by
order of the House.
Sec. 17. The members of both Houses
shall be protected in their persons and
estates during their uttendance on, going
to and returning from the General As?
sembly, and ten days previous to the sit?
ting, and ten days after the adjournment
thereof. But these privileges shajl not
be extended so as to protect any member
who shall he charged with treason, felony,
or bi each of the peace.
Sec. 18. Bills for raising a revenue
shall originate in the House of Represen?
tatives, but may be altered, amended or
rejected by the Senate; and all other
bills may originate in either House, and
may be amended, altered or rejected by
Sec. 19. The style ol all laws shall be:
l* Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the Stato of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General
Assembly, and by the authority of the
Sec 20. Every act or resolution having
the force of law shall relate to but one
subject, aud that shall be expressed in the
Sec 21. No bill shall have the force of
law, until it shall have been reud three
times, and on three several days, in each
House, has had the seal of State affixed to
it. and has been signed in ? he Senate and
House, by the President of the Senate
and the Speaker of the House of Repre?
Sec 22. No money shall he drawn from
the treasury, but in pursuance of an ap?
propriation made by law; and a regular
statement and account ot^he receipts and
expenditures of all public moneys shall
be published annually, in such manner as
may be by law directed.
Sec 23. Each member of the first Gen?
eral Assembly under the constitution
shall receive six dollars per diem while in
session ; and the further sum of twenty
cents for every mile of the ordinary route
61 travel in going to and returning from
the place where such session is held ; alter
which they shall receive such compensa
tion as shall be fixed by law ; but no Gen-)
erul Assembly shall have the power to
increase the compensation of its own
member*. And when convened in extra
session they shall receive the same mile?
age and per diem compensation as fixed
by law tor the regular session, and none
Sec. 24. In all elections by the General
Assemblj', or either House thereof, the
members shall vote lviva voce," and their
votes, thus given, shall be entered upon
the journals ot the House to which they
Sec 25. Neither House, during the
session of the General Assembly, shall,
without the consent of the other,adjourn
for more th.ui three days, nor to any oth?
er place than that in which the Assemblj'
shall be at the lime sitting.
Sec'2o\ Each House shall keep a jour?
nal of its own proceedings, and cause the
same to be published immediately after
its adjournment, excepting such parts as
iu its judgment may require secrecy, and
the yeas and nays of the member of either
House, on any question, shall, at the de?
sire of any two members of present be
entered on the jutifnals. Any member of
either House shall have liberty to dissent
from, and protest against, any act or
resolution which ho may think injurious
to the public or to an individual, und
have the reasons of his dissent entered on
Sec 27. The doors of each House shall
be open, except on such occasions as, in
the opinion of the House, may require
Sec 28. No persons shall be eligible to
a seat in the General Assembly whilst he
holds any office of profit or trust under
this State, the United States of America,
or any of them, or under an}' other pow?
er, ex?ept officers in the militia, magis?
trates, or justices of inferior courts, while
such justices receive no salary. And if
any member shall accept or exercise an}'
of "the said disqualifying offices, ho Shall
vacate his seat.
Sec 29. If any election district shall
neglect to choose a member or mom hers
on the day of election, or if any person
chosen a member of either House shall
refuse to qualify and tako his seat, or
shall resign, die, depart the State, accept
any disqualifying office, or become other?
wise disqualified to hold hid seat, ft writ
of election shall bo issued by the Presi?
dent of tho Senate, or Speaker of the
1 House of Representatives, as the case
may be, for the purpose of filling the va?
cancy thereby occasioned, for the remain?
der of the term for which the person so
refusing to qualify, resigning, dying, de?
parting the State, or becoming disquali?
fied, was elected 10 serve, or the default?
ing election district ought to have chosen
a member or members.
Sec 30. And whereas the ministers of
the gospel arc. by their profession dedi?
cated to the service of God and the cure
of souls, and ought, not to be diverted
from the great duties of their functions;
therefore, no minister of the gospel, or
public preacher of any religious persua?
sion, whilst he continues in the exercise
of his pastoral functions, shall be eligible
to the offi.ee of Governor, Lieutenant
Governor, or to a seat in the Senate or
House of Representatives.
Sec 31. Members of the General As?
sembly, or all officers before they enter
upon the execution of the duties of their
respective offices, and all members of the
bar before they enter upon tho practico
of their profession, shall take and sub?
scribe the following oath:
1 do solemnly swear (or affirm as the
case may be) that I am duly qualified ac?
cording to the Constitution of the United
States and of this State to exercise the
duties of the office to which I have been
elected or (appointed,) and that I will
faithfully discharge to the best of my
abilities the duties thereof: and that I'i
recognize the supremacy of the Constitu?
tion and laws of tho United States, over
the Constitution and laws of any State;
and that I will support, protect and de?
fend the Constitution of the United
States and tho Constitution of South
Carolina, as ratified by the people on
So help me God.
Sec. 32. Officers shall be removed from
office for incapacity, misconduct, or neg?
lect of duty, in such manner a? may be
provided by law, when no mode of trial
or removal is provided in the constitution.
Sec. 33. The House of Representatives
shall have the sole power of impeaching ;
but a majority of all the members elected,
must concur in the impeachment. Ail
impeachments shall be tried by the Sen?
ate; and when sitting for that purpose,
the Senators shall be upon oath, or affir?
mation, to do justice according to law and
evidence. No person shull bo convicted
without the concurrence of two-thirds of
the Senators present.
Sec 34. The Governor, Lieutenant
Governor, and all other civil officers,
shall be liable to impeachment for high
crimes and misdemeanors, for any misbe
! bavior in office, for corruption in procur
i ing office, or any act which shall degrade
their official character. But judgment in
such cases shall not extend further than
t to removal to office and disqualification to
I hold any office of honor, trust or profit
under this State. The party convicted
j shall nevertheless, bo liable to indictment,
trial,judgment and punishment accord?
ing to law.
Sec 35. There shall be exempt from
execution or other final process of any
court issued for the collection of any debt, J
a homestead in the country consisting of
one hundred acres, and the dwelling and
appurtenances thereon, to bo selected by
the owners thereof. And in a city, town \
or village in lieu thereof, a lot with the
dwelling and appurtenances thereon; pro?
vided that such homestead either in a
city, town, village or country shall not
exceed in value two thousand dollars.
There shall also be exempt from such ex?
ecution or other final process of any court
issued for the collection of any debt, the
necessary articles of furniture, apparel,
subsistence and implements of husbandry,
trade or other employment to tho value
of five hundred dollars. But no proper?
ty shall be exempt from satas lor taxes,
or for the payment of obligations con?
tracted for the purchase of said home?
stead, or for the erection of improvement
thereon. It shall be the duty of the leg?
islature at its next session to pans such
laws as ma}' bo necessary to carry this
provision into effect.
Sec 36. All taxes upon property, real
or personal, shall be laid upon the actual
value of tho property taxed, as the same
shall be ascertained by an assessment made
for the purpose of laying such tax.
Views of an Original Union Man.?
The Hon. T A. R. Nelson, of Tennessee,
who was a consistent Union man through?
out the war, has published the following
tiote of warning to the North. To those
who believe in an overruling Providence,
and remember the history of nations who
have preceded us, the force of these elo?
quent remarks will appear to be strikingly
applicable to the case in hand. Mr. Nel?
Let the North remember that there is a
just God who ruleth in the armies of
Heaven and upon earth, who governs
nations as well as men ; that lie used the
Assyrians as instruments to punish the re?
bellious Jews ; but when the Assyrians
persecuted them from year to year, when
they showed no mercy, when upon them
they laid very heavily their yoke, He
raised up Cyrus to take Babylon, and pun?
ish the conquerors, who had been his in?
struments, most severely. Let them re?
member that although the South is con?
quered and atibjugated, helpless and power?
less, bound hand and foot and bleeding at
every pore; though her rich men have
been humbled in the very dust; though
her servants are now npon horses and her
princes are walking as servants upon the
earth ; though famine broods over the last
fnttrmur of complaint; though she has
I drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling
! and wrung them ?ot?yet her shrieks of
j agony will go up to Heaven, and, sooner
I Or later^ will be heard, and ih some form,
\ now hid from mortal ken. He who for
geteth not the cry of the humble will be
1 her friend and her avenger.
Thc special correspondenl of thc I
more Gazette writes as follows:
The impeachment project is assui
quito a serious aspect, lt was not i
yesterday morning that the Recons
tion Committee resolved to test the
ter gravely, when the sub-committee
creased by the addition of Mr. Bed
Kentucky, substituted for Mr. Brooki
N.Y., was instructed to investigate
circumstances connected with the J'
son-Stanton-Grant erabroglio?to sene
persons and papers, and report the
dence to the committee at large, lt
found by the Chase men that the "
respondence" had not quite imm<>h
Grant; that there was yet nome spark
vitality in him, Rnd, therefore, they
sign to show him up in a new light,
has, as yet, appeared merely as a de
tive and spy of Stanton. Jt was thou
necessary and advisable to exhibit hir
a more degraded position. Under
manipulation of Stanton, Ashley
Holt, he is to bc made a witness ard
upon the stand to testify against his r
candidate for tho President-}'. "To w
baseness maj-we return. Horatio! V
may not imagination trace tho noble i
of Ulysses till we find it stopping u bu
hole?" Besides General Grant, cert
members of the Cabinet, and Stan
himself, have been summoned to test
Also, J. B. Stillson, Washington cor
pondent of thc World, and one or 1
of Grant's Staff. The sub-committee i
at two o'clock yesterday, and began tl
labors by the examination of Mr. Stills
They meet again to-morrow.
The President had not, as late ns 1
night, consented to the publication of
response to Grant's last letter (althoi
I thir.k it will soon see the light.) nor I
he taken any measures to oust Stan!
from the War Department. The Cona
vatives should, nevertheless, bc chari
ble. They should recollect that he is
set by the most unscrupulous and ret
less part}* that ever held power in this
any other country. His position certa
tainly is not safe if it stand in the way
the onward revolution ! Could he, om
he, in the unselfish consideration of t
public good, risk the installation of Wu
as Civil Dictator, at a time like this, wh
so fearful a st ruggle is pending and rapic
approaching ? No man doubts that if t
President, intent only upon his own i
vancement, should even exercise only t
powers justly pertaining to his office, i
peachment, and suspension of his functio
would certainly follow, when he must pi
force become the standard-bearer of t
opposition. He, nevertheless, deals wi
his infamous antagonists with the pt
dence of a far-seeing statesman and wi
a patriotism and singleness of purpo
without a parallel. He feels that the cou
try cannot just do without him, and seen
disposed to sacrifice all personal confide
aliona to thc certain prevention, at t
propitious moment, of the triumph of tl
petty tyrants that rule Congress. Wha
ever his short-coming heretofore inti
have been, recent events, and those for
shadowed, warn us to be chary of cei
suring his present conduct.
Some fluttering among tho epaulette
gentry was observable this afternoon i
consequence of an implied insult to th
whole army, contained in the Chronicle c
this morning. Forney, writing under th
signature of "Occasional," thus overtop
all truth and decency:
" When we recollect that, without, th
soldier thus assailed (Grant.) the rebt?io
would have triumphed, and the Governmcr<
of the United States would have been di
stroyed and superseded by that of the slav
conspirators, we have the reason lor th i
Thus neithor the Attila of tho Unioi
army, Sherman, nor tho thunderbolt c
liberty, Little Phil?nor yet the "Swon
of Gideon," the soubriquet by which th
venerable Thomas is distinguished, con
tributed anything to "save the life of th'
nation." Neither did the dead soldiers
whoso slumbers aro disbursed at Antin
tam hy the proximity of dead Coufedei
ates, help to keep life in the country*!
carcass. Nor did tho maimed patriots
who infest the Departments, fire a shot U
stimulate the languishing nationally?ti
Grant and to Grant alone be all thc glory .
Tho bill to' carve out of Texas tw<
more States will be passed shortly. Om
of the two sovereignties is, 1 hear, lo bi
called Congo?the name of the other hat
not been determined upon. The object
of* this bill is to get four more Senators
and four inore electors.
Wo make tho following extracts from
special dispatches to tho Charleston ?fews:
Washington. February ll.
Sinco the open rupture between Gen,
Grant and thc President, as disclosed in
the recent correspondence, party bitter?
ness has been hourly on tho increase, and
there is no doubt that the crisis of the
long struggle of Congress with the Exe?
cutive is ut hand, lt is conceded by well
informed men of all parties that tho Radi?
cals will impeach Mr. Johnson, and, un?
less resisted, deposo him within thirty
days. Bingham and the more cautions
Republicans, hitherto opponents of im?
peachment, are now leading tho movo
mont, supported by Stanton and Grant.
Tho}' predict for their scheme speedy and
certain success. Their real design is to
get Wade fairly installed in tho White
House, and then to throw Grant over?
board as a prcsidontinl candidate.
Intense anxiety prevails regarding the
President's c.ourso. Tho Democrats open?
ly counsel him to strike tho first blow, as
the only chanco of saving himsfllf. They
ur?-o that tho prompt removal, forcibly if
necessary, of Stanton from tho War de?
partment, and the arrest of Grant, on the
charge of insubordination, will roudor
Johnson master of the situation, und that
in the pre tent state of public nlind such j
vigorous measures to preserve the gov-1
ernment will meet the support of a ma
jority o' the people.
The President keeps his own counsel.
The Radicals generally .are confident he
will succumb, and hence the comparative
steadiness of the gold market.
Washington, February 12.
The interest in the new impeachment
movement continues unabated, hm there
is less excitement to-day on the subject
than there was yesterday and day before.
There is not much mystery either involv?
ed in the acts and purposes of the parties
who prosecute the scheme. Mr. Bing
ham. who was announced as being com?
mitted and outspoken for"immediate im?
peachment, does not appear to have said
or done anything t<> warrant so positive
a statement of his position. Upon in?
quiry it is found that the so called "stormy
discussion" ot the committee hist week
upon the Johnson-Grant correspondence
was comparative!}' mild and dispassion?
ate:; and it it suggested that there was in
the consideration ot" this correspondence
by the committee among the extreme
Radicals secretly as much a desire to
show Grant up in an unfavorable light as
to hunt up grounds of impeaching the
President. Ilaving Grant already com?
mitted to Radicalism, the prestige of his
name is secured to the Radical party,and
they can now afford to nominate someone
else of their original favorites. The tut v
against Mr. Johnson has to some extent
moderated. On Monday the sentiments
of the extremists was, '-Impeachment at
all hazards." To-day the same party
modify by saying, "We will impeach
Johnson if we find he has violated any
law." Sober, reflective Republicans are
undisturbed, and say confidently that, in
spite of all the existing clamor, there will
be nw impeachment merely for what has,
up to this time, transpired; that the plan I
of deposition or suspension of the Presi?
dent immediately upon the adoption of
articles ot impeachment cannot be carried
by a two-thirds vote in the Senate, nor
can the bill be passed in that bod}- under
two months, on account of lutitude al?
lowed in debate, so that the scheme of
the impeachers must fail, since, in order
to perfect their plan, an immediate re?
moval or suspension of Mr. Johnson must
- . . -?V. ._
The President and General Grant.
Washington, Feb. 11.
The President opens his last communi?
cation to General Grant by saying: "The
extraordinary character of your letter of
the 3d would seem to preclude a reply,
hut the manner in which publicity has
been given to the correspondence, wnereof
that letter forms a part, and the grave
questions involved, induce this mode of
?jiving a proper form to the communica?
tions that have passed between us. The
statements of five members of the Cabinet
who were present during the conversa?
tion of the 14th, and copies of their let?
ters to me are encosed.' Quoting from
Grant's letter, the President says : "When
a controversy upon matters offset reaches
the point to which this has been brought,
further assertion or denial between the
immediate parties should cease, especiully
where on either side it loses the charac?
ter of respectful discussion, which is re
quired by the relations in which the par?
ties stand to each other." After quoting
again, the President says: "The point is
that there you change your views. You
had secretly determined to do the very
thing which you at last did ?surrender
the office to Mr. Stanton. You may have
changed your views as to the law, but you
certainly did not change }*'>ur views as to
the course you had marked out for your
self from the beginning." The President
argues at some length the legality of his
order to Grant to disregard Stanton's or?
ders, making the point that Grant will
not obey his direct orders, tint will obey
them indirectly^ The President concludes:
??Without further comment upon the in
suhop iuate attitude Which you have as?
sumed. I am at a loss to know how you
can relieve yourself from obedience to the
orders of the President, who is made, by
the constitution, ( onimander-iu Chief ot
the army and navy, and is. therefore the
official superior as well of the general oj"
I the army as of the Secretary of War.''
The following is the President's letter to
the Secretaries who were present at the
conversation on the 14th Januar}*:
This morning's Chronicle contains the
correspondence between the President and
Grant, reported from the War depart?
ment in answer to a call from the House.
He calls attention to the correspondence,
especially that part relating to the con?
versation between Grant and the Presi?
dent, and requests a statement of what
was said on that occasion.
Secretary Welles says, my recollection
of the conversation corresponds with your
statement of it in your letter of January
31. The three points specified in that let?
ter, giving your recollection of the con?
versation, are correctly stated.
Secretary MeCulloch says: "I cannot
undertake to state the precise language
used but I have no hes.tatmn in saying
that vonr acount of tlu< conversation, as
.riven in your letter to General Grant of
the 31st ult., substantially and in till lin
' nor taut particulars accords with my re
I collection of it."
Secretary Randall says: "I have read
carefully the correspondence in question,
and particularly the letter of the Presi?
dent to General Grant, dated the 31st.
Tho following extract from that letter is,
according to my recollection, a correct
statement of the conversation that took
place between the President and General
Grant at the Cabinet meeting of the 14th
January." Randall then quotes the Presi?
Secretary Se ward's letter is quite luu?,
Tiie Intelligencer Job Office.
Having recently made considerable addition* to
this department, we are prepared to executo
JTdMB" W?D2EK ?IF A&?
In tire neatest style and on the rnoct reasonable
terms. ? Legal Blanks, Bill Heads, Posters, Cards',
Handbills. Pamphlet?, Labels, and in fact every
style of work usually done in a country Printing
?0?* In all cases, the money will Be required
upon delivery of the work. Orders, accompanied
with tlie cash, will receive prompt attention.
giving a detailed account of his irapros-"
sions of what occurred, quoting the sab
starfee oi what the President said. Mr.
Seward says : ''I did not understand Grant
as denying nor as explicitly admitting
these statements in the form and full ex?
tent to which you made them. His ad?
mission of them was rather indirect and
circumstantial, though I did not under?
stand it to be an evasive one." ..
After further details Seward continues :
".Certainly, Genera-i Grant did not at any
titiic, in ihe cabinet meeting, insist that
he had. in the Suturdaj-'s conversation,
either distinctly or finally advised you of
his determination to retire fiom the
charge of the War Department otherwise
than under your own subsequent direc?
tion ; he acquiesced in your statement that
the Salt may's conversation ended with '
an expectation that there would bo a sub?
sequent conference on the subject, which
he, as well as yourself, supposed could
reasonably take place on Monday. Gen. *
Grant admitted that it was his expecta?
tion or purpose to call on you on Monday.
General Grunt assigned' reasons for hot
Seward's letter caused shouts of alter?
nate derision and incredulity from the Re?
publicans as bis cautious narrative pro?
Secretary Browning's letter was quite
long, and mainly a repetition
Grant has already written a reply, open?
ing as follows : ."I have the honor to ac?
knowledge the receipt of your communi?
cation of the li'th inst., accompanied by
statements of five cabinet officers of their
recollection oi what occurred, in tho cabi?
net meeting on the 14th of January.
Without admitting anything contained in
these stateme.nts, where they differ from
everything heretofore stated by' me, I
propose to notice on!}- that portion of
your communication wherein I am charg?
ed with insubordination." Grant then,
proceeds to argue the point at some
Sergeant Bates.?Perhaps some of our
readers have heard of Sergeant Bates; of
the United States Army, who is on his
waj' from "Vieksburg, Miss., to Washing?
ton, D. C, on foot and alone, bearing the
United States flag, with him, having
wagered with a Radical, in Wisconsin,
that he could perform the journey un?
harmed and without a cent in his pocket.
The last we heard of him he bad reached
Meridian, Miss., where he was warmly
received and heartily welcomed. As he
is championing the good character of the
Southern people, he ought to bo kindly
and hospitably treated wherever he passes.
The Cairo' (III.) Democrat has the follow
mg-in reference to the sergeant:
Sergeant B?te??What he proposes to do
and hotC he intends to do it.?Sergeant Gil?
bert H. Bates, of Edgeworth, Wisconsin,
was a soldier of the Union army; was
one of the first to enter the service, and
was one of the last to leave it. A Dernes
erat from principle, he remained true to
the party during all the conflict, and re?
turned to his home an advocate of liber?
ality in tho treatment of the unfortunate
people of the South. As a matter of
course, he became a target at which all
tho Radicals in his neighborhood aimed
their abuse. He was vilified and perse?
cuted by men who had talked war, but
never shouldered a musket. In a contro?
versy with a party ot Radicals, who main?
tained that the Southern people were
outlaws, who did not hesitate to take the
life of any man, White or black, suspected
of Unionism, the sergeant denounced the
assertion as a falsehood.and declared that;
he. an ex-soldier of the; Union army.could
match through tin. South with the Union
flag exposed^ without a cent in his pocket,
and not only escape bodily harm but re
reive hospitable treatment from the South?
ern people, upon whom ignorant Radical?
ism was heaping so much unmerited
abuse. A purse-heavy Radical offered to
bet a certain amount that he would be
killed if he undertook the journey, and in
the event of tin' sergeant's death, agreed
to pay the sum to "the foolhardy joung
man's family. The banter was accepted.
The sergeant is a poor man, described as
devoid of conceit, and perfectly honorable
in his conduct. Letters have been re?
ceived fr ui prominent gentlemen living
iu the cities on hi* inarch;inviting him to
be their guest when he passes through,
and tendering him a guard of honor.
~ The Nashville Gazette presents tho
following truthful picture of the Negro
Convention in South Carolina:
The negroes have a majority of tcn^ in
in the South Carolina I51aok-and-Tan
! Convention. The bVst thing they did, on
I assembling, was to fix the amount of their
nay at eleven dollars per day ; the next
was as to the propriety of compelling all
State institutions, for whatever purposes
established to throw open their doors to
the negro pupils and inmates; the next was a
resolution requiring negroes to be admit?
ted to all public hotels and tables and
places of amusement and entertainment
on the same terms with the whites, any
discrimination made by the proprietors to
be punishable with sever, penalties. The
whole action of the Convention looks to
the pecuniary benefit and the political and
social elevation of the negro element. 'Tis
all negro, negro, negro?negro first, negro
last, nogio all the time.
? If you are poor, don't let folks know
it or they will discover in you a thousand
blemishes, a host, discovered, or at least
never talked of, if you kept a high head,
and carried yourself as if you had ten
thousand dollars instead of ten cents at
your command. It is as natural for the
world to hohl poor folk- in contempt, as it
is for a cat to steal choose.