Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Moraing, Feb'ry 1!
WHAT IS OIS DUTY l?TH-E NECESSITY- Fl
In. V?as formerly the boast and pride of Sou
Gorolinauhat party dissensions did not enter ic
tao politics of this State. The people were unite
cad for many years prior to the war-' the dotnir?
tibo of party rule was not known' in our nynf
Whether or-not there was. wisdom in this pelic
ii is useless now to discuss. "With the many otli
great changes produced by the results of (he wt
there.is an absoluta necessity fora? change in il
particular. We havo more than: once indicat
that the day must come in which, this neccssi
would be made apparent.. It bas long boen a si
tied cor.vinctioa with.us that, under thc iuriuen
of the majority ic> Congress, aided, and abetted
their emissaries sad willing tools, there wou
arise in every unreconstructed State an organiz
tiou held together by the "cohesive power ot'pu
. lie pl?nder." In other words, that the rcconstru
tion of these States involved changes intended
secure places of honor and profit for adventure
and aspiring demagogues. Heneo, the policy for
shadowed in this State by the proposed Const it
tion, now being framed by the unlawful asscmb
convened-under the Reconstruction Acts. Tl
State government is to bo popularized, to use
. cunning phrase, and the safeguards of the pa
. era are to be overthrown. The officers hither
elected by the Legislature aro to be chosen by tl
people. Mare than this, the offices are to be mai
more numerous, and doubtless more profitabl
- while the taxpayers are to be still further impo
- triahed for the benefit of these latter-day saint
' Tah is the programme briefly stated, and in ord
to perfect the same, in every sense of the wor
?ho members of the Republican party arc ready
immolate- tlemselves upon the altar of sacrifie
?ad become the occupants of pleasant berths !
In consideration of these facts, what is the du
of every man balding the welfare of his couutry
heart ? Are we tb supinely surrender every vc
. tige of Government into the hands of ignorai
blacks and whites of mean extraction? Are we
fetid oar bands, and idly await the issue of event
I trusting to the fort?nate winds of Northern opi
ion ? While our friends, and thc friends of h
inanity throughout the country, are engaged in :
earnest warfare for the preservation of civil liber
oh this continent, are we to gaze upon the scei
with.stolid indifference? These are questions
paramount importance, and we cannot be so der
lict of doty, in view of our responsibility as
watchman, upon the tower, os to be silent in th
momentous crisis. We lift our voice against tl
policy of inaction*, and would earnestly persuad
' the men of out own race-rc awake from the drem
liri lethargy that will surely bring destruction upo
our peace and happiness, and anarchy and chao
tb our firesides. There is only one safe course t
pursue, and tb&t is comprised in a single word, 01
- gatyiation! The men who are seeking to ovei
tbrovr al) that we hold dear, and inaugurate
. reign of wild democracy, know tull well the advar
tige of this course. They have already obtained
. foothold through this agency alone, andi the
safety hcreitfter depends upon the intelligence an
true greatness of the century abstaining from tb
employment of similar means. Are we ready t
- yendcr them assistance by refusing to adopt th
. only remaining safeguard ? With an abiding coe
fidencc in thc faithfulness and integrity of our pee
plc, we cannot believe that such inertness wi
- This work of organization is pertinent and p<
culiarly requisite now. The mongrel Convent io
' will soob adjourn, ami rho so-called .Constitutio
will be submitted tor ratification at an early daj
Without entering into detail respecting thal ic
ointment, -every intelligent man knows enough c
the temper and tone of its framers to justify th
assertion that the white race will be degraded b,
its provisions. It may no: be defeated, in an;
event;'but there is only one possible chance t
bring about that result, and this lies tn cffectivi
organization, whereby every conceivable influent
may be employed to effect its overthrow. Admit
ting, however, that naught can be done to set asid<
the action of the mongrels, there is still every in
eentive to thorough organization. Every office ii
the District will become vacant, and elections or
demi to supply the vacancies. Unless we have t
controlling organization, there is a great danger o
ignorant and vicious men being elevated to power
.The administration of law is confided, for the mos
part, to officers in our own midsc-,. and greater mis
chili may grow out of the action of an unprincipled
subordinate than even the chief executive or ju
elicia! power of the Stale.- It is to avert any ca
Istojty of this diameter ?but the selection of goot
?nd true men for every office should, be enforced
and this cannot be done without a party organiza?
tion. We presume that a mere reference to thil
thought will convince every unprejudiced mind.
Organization being necessary, then, it become:
us to inquire in what way tbitt can be best accom?
plished. The ball has to be put in motion, and it
might just as well begin at Anderson os elsewhere.
Let the response come from every quarter of the
District, and let neighbors and friends assemble at
the Court House on next salcday to deliberate upon
the great questions involved in the present ano?
malous condition of the country. The eloquence
and patriotism once so lavishly displayed by our
leading men has surely not all become extinct,
and with words of good cheer and bold utterances
for the cause of truth and justice, wc may begin
thu work of disenthralment from the evils now
suiTOtmding tu. When a central organization fur
tho District has beon effected, steps should be
taken for auxiliary clubs in every neighborhood.
This is practically the course to be pursued, and
we hope will receive a cordial endorsement from
every one interested in maintaining the principles
of equal and exact justice. Shall such a meeting
be held ? Think over it, talk with your friends
about it, and then announce your conclusion
through these columns. We are satisfied .hat an
emphatic response from the intelligent voters of
this District will encourage others, and stimulate
the movement in other places. Besides, the very
inauguration of this course at thc present time,
Trill send a thrill of terror ameug that despicable
class now boping to obtain control of everything
for their own exclusive benefit.
Without presuming to dictate to onr felrow-citi
xens, the views herein expressed are offered for
their consideration. They are the result of mature
deliberation, and it is left tor the decision of Uic
people generally whether or not the suggestions
Will bo acned upon. We have purposely avoided
the probable name of such an organization, but
cannot forbear th? expression of a preference. The
Democratic party is the champion of the constitu?
tion and civil liberty, and under its banners we are
ready to consecrate our abilities in the noble cause
of preserving tho rights and privileges of freemen.
Ita glorious motto, "this is a white man's govern?
ment," enlists our emphatic approval, and we
. heartily pronounce in favor of aligning the con?
servative masses with that party. But this can
ii taaily .be?ew?i<Uced .hereafter, jmd without aliu*-,
siou to past ditfercnccs of opinion, we are willing j
to co-operate with each and every one determined
to thwart rbe machinations of Radicalism. This
should be the rallying cry, and unimportant issues
ought not to,bennadeV r
In conclusion, wo infill stiife-that fhe subsfancq
of this articfe Was prepared for;our la?t issufe, but
unavqidublT^p^8tponed: v. Since th?n, ihe letter of
Ex-Gov. Perry to the Editors of (he Charlerrfoif
Mercury has appeared, and we take pleasure in
presenting^the view* of ihatF gentleman to our
readers. The admirable suggestions of Governor
Perrx nre given in strong and forcible language,
and this letter will only increase the number of hjs
admirers. We hayej-seldom agreed with that disr
tinguished gentleman, as our readers know, but
the advice now tendered meets with our earnest
concurrence, and we trust that none will fail to
give it due attention.
THE PROPOSED IMPEACHMENT OF THE PRE?
SIDENT AT AN END!
The Reconstruction Committee had a brief ses?
sion'this morning, all the members being present.
Thaddens Stevens stated that he wanted to bring
the subject of impeachment to the test in the com?
mittee. He believed the investigation had gone
fur enough, and the rime had come when some tan?
gible action should be taken. He had prepared,
be said, the following report to the House, and he
would now take the sentiments of the members of
the committee thereon:
The Committee on Reconstruction, to whom was
referred the correspondence of Andrew Johnson,
President of the United States, and U. S. Grant,
General commanding the armies of the United
States, having considered the same and the evi?
dence, do report that in virtue of the powers with
which your committee has been invested, they have
carefully examined the evidence before them, and
are of opinion thut Andrew Johnson, President of
the United Suites, is guilty of high crimes and mis?
demeanors, nndf therefore, recommend the adop?
tion of the following resolutions:
Resolved, That Andrew Johnson, President of the
United Slates, be impeached of high crimes and
Resolved, That, the committee go to the Senate,
and at the bar thereof, in ihe name of the House
of Representatives and of all the people of the Uni?
ted States, do impeach Andrew Johnson, President
of the United States, of high crimes and misdemean?
ors, and acquaint the Senate that the House of
Representatives.will in due time exhibit the par?
ticular articles of impeachment against him, and
make good the same.
Resolved, That said committee do demand that
the Senate take order for the appearance of the
said Andrew Johnson to answer to said impeach?
As soon as the reading of the resolutions was
finished. Judge Bingham moved to lay the report
und the whole subject of impeachment on the table.
Mr. Stevens said he wanted the yeas and nays re?
corded on that motion, so that the country might
know who was and who was not in favor of taking
cognizance of the high crimes and misdemeanors
committed by int President. The vote was then
taken and stood: Yeas?Messrs. Bingham, Bea
man, Paine, Hulburd, Brooks, and Beck. Nays?
Messrs. Stevens, Boutwell, and Farnsworth. So
he entire matter was laid on the table, aud the
Mr. Stevens is greafly chagrined at the result,
though he says he did not expect rauch different.
He says that I he Republican party is virtually de?
feated, and all through the cowardice of its own
members. He attaches much of the blame to Gen?
eral Grant and his friends, who, he says, became
frightened and demoralized ; for what reason he
docs not exactly know, f Itt is the firm belief,-that
had the friends of Grant, as well as Grant himself,
kept their hands off, nothing could have saved
Johnson. So ends the second attempt at impeach?
ment.? Washington Star, \Zth inst.
THE RECONSTRUCTION CONVENTION.
The proceedings of this body tor the past week
are mainly taken up with discussions upon the
forthcoming Constitution. The Bill of Rights was
completed on last Thursday, being adopted secliou
by section. The report of the Committee on the
Legislative Department was then taken up, and at
last accounts the debate on that report was not con?
cluded. We publish the report in full upon the
On Thursday, a resolution was adopted request?
ing Gen. Cakby to abolish at once all the District
Courts in South Carolina, dismiss the judges, and
declare vacant all the offices connected (herewith.
This resolution passed with but one dissenting
voice?LitSLiE, of Bnrnwcii, voting "no."
The same day, Dr. Newell presented a petition
from a few citizens of Anderson District, praying
that a portion ol the sunie be transferred to the I
District of Pickens. This petition was referred,
This embraces all the maiu points of interest lo
onr readers. Without excluding our usual vnrie- j
ty, it is impossible lo publish the entire proceed?
ings, and we trust that our readers will patiently
await the final action of the Convention, when they
will receive a full report of all that is adopted. In
the meantime, we ?hall keep them posted with a
bird's-eye view of the proceedings. On dit, that
the Convention will adjourn next week.
THE ANDERSON DELEGATION.
We make the following extract from "Sketches
of the Delegates to the Great Ring-Streaked-and
Stripcd," in the Charleston Mercury:
N. J. Newell?White, prides himself on the de?
gree of M. D., which he obtained from the Reform?
ed Medical College of Georgia, a botanical or steam
doctor institution which flourished in Macon. He
was not generally known in his district before the
war, but by dint of a large person, huge beard and
a boundless conceit and self-assertion, he has ac?
quired a considerable influence among the ignorant
people in whose families ho undertakes to practice,
and they go to him for advice in all their domes?
tic, neighborhood and legal quarrels. He is not
naturally of a pious turn of mind, but in view of
the charms of one of Anderson's fair daughters
who was a zealous Presbyterian, he attached him?
self to that communion. He counted without his
host, however. To his credit be it said that his
botanieal practice has not been a source of fortune,
and he is still poor, though, unfortunately, no longer
obscure. In the Cl?b House he is noted for his
profound attention which, with eyes and mouth
wide open, he pays to the proceedings irr general
and the oracular utterances of the chair in particu?
William Perry?White, is a Northern man who
came South before the war and engaged with his
brother in a Coiton factory in Edgetield. He was
considered a respectable man until his association
with the Union Leaguers. In the great unlawful
he has been quiet and conservative.
Sam. Johnson?Is a negro, a native of the dis?
trict, and, as far as we can learn, with a reputation
rather favorable than otherwise.
Distinguished (?) Arrival.?The staid and so?
ber villagers were greeted with the intelligence,
when the train arrived last Saturday, that the
Honorable. Sam Johnson had made his escape from
the great piebald, nod was on a vieit to his admiring
constituency! We had. a glimpse of Sam. across
the street on Sunday afternoon, and instantly dis?
covered that he WM ten per cent, whiter !
To R.\ A.-. Masons.?The widow of a Royal
Arch Mason desires to sell a handsome apron and
sash, in order to relieve her present necessities.
We will take pleasure in showing the regalia to any
of our Companion!:, upon (heir calling at this office.
Personal.?His Excellency Governor Orr ar?
rived at home on Saturday last, and we learn is
quits* u&wcll. ^
LOCAL AND STATE NEWS.
Thk AsNtTAL Convocation op the Grand Rotal
Aneit Chapter of South Carolina.?The annual
convocation of the Grand Royal Arch .Chapter of
this State was held at Greenville ob Tuesday^and
Wednesday, February llth and 12(h. The attend?
ance of delegates from subordinate Chapters was
greater than for severnl years, one-half being rep
Tescnted at the opening of the convocation.
The Grand Chapter was opened in ample form
by M..-E.-. It. S. BnuNS, of Charleston, Grand
High Priest. The venerable Grand Secretary, R.-.
E.\ Ebknezkr Thayer, was at his post,-and la?
bored assiduouely in the discharge-of his official:
duties.?When the organization was completed on
Tuesday, the annual address of the Grand High
Prio8t was read, and elicited profound attention.
Tho address i6 niarkod by the usual ability of its
author, and makes appropriate references to the
several subjects arising for the consideration of
the Grand Chapter. During the past year, the
Giand High Priest reports groat improvement in
the condition of Royal Arch Masonry of South
Carolina, and assert? "that it is in a sound and
healthy progress, and one full of promise, as well
in regard to the incrcaao of working members as of
The various Standing Committees were appointed,
and their work apportioned to them.
In the afternoon, the election of officers to serve
the Grand Chapter for the ensuingyear took place,
with the following result:
Comp. R. S. Brunj, of Charleston, M. ?. Grand
Comp. B. Ru8ti Campbell, of Laurens, M. E.
Deputy Grand High Priest.
Comp. Montgomery Moses, of Sumler, R. E.
Comp. C. M. Miller, of Laureus, R. E. Grand
Comp. Rev. Samuel Leard, of Chester, Most
Reverend Grand Chaplain.
Comp. C. F. Jacssos, of Columbia, R. E. Grand
? Comp. Ebenezkr Thateb, of Charleston, R. E.
Comp. "V7. H. D. Gaillard, of Pendleton, E.
and Grand Captain of the Host.
Comp. Daniel W. Haynks, of Florence, E. and
Grand Royal Arch Captain.
Comp. L. F. Myers, of Charleston, Grand Sen?
Committee on Foreign Correspondence.?Companion
Montgomery Moses, of Sumter, Chairman; with
Comps. James Birnie, of Greenville, and C. E.
Chichestf.r, of Charleston
This embraces the most important proceedings of
the first day, and at 7 p* m. the Grand Chapter ad?
On Wednesday rooming, at 10J o'clock, the
Grand Chapter resumed labor, with Comp. R. S.
Bruns. Grand High Priest, in the Chair. The an?
nual report of the Committee on Foreign Corres?
pondence was read by'the Chairman, Comp. Mont?
gomery Moses, of Sumter. This is an able and
lengthy document, comprising a thorough review
of the proceedings of nearly all fhe Grand Chap?
ters in the United States, and affording much light
on capitular Masonry. Its roading occupied more
than two hours, and during the whole time re?
ceived the most earnest aud respectful attention.
Such manifestation of interest is tho highest com?
pliment possible to bestow upon this elaborate- and
faithful Report. On motion, it was ordered to be
spread upon the miuutcs and published with the
proceedings of the Grand Chapter.
The rest of the morning session was occupied by
reports of Standing Committees, various resolu?
After a short recess, the Grand Chapter was
called on at 4 p. m., when the installation of the
Grand officers elect took place. The Grand High
Priest, on resuming the robes of office, briefly and
appropriately returned Iiis thanks for the honor
conferred upon him by the unanimous vote of the
Grand Chapter, and pledged his earnest efforts for
the promotion aud advancement of our ancient
fraternity. When the installation was concluded,
the final reports of the Committees were received,
and the business of the Grand Chapter finished.
The Royal Arch Degree was then exemplified by
the Grand High Priest, after which the Grand
Chapter was closed in ample form.
This faint outline of the proceedings is neces?
sarily imperfect, as we write from memory. Alto,
get her, the meeting was harmonious and pleasant,
each one striving to contribute a full share in pro
moling fraternal good feeling andpeipetuating the
bond's of peace.
The next annual convocation of the Grand
Chapter will be holden, Deo Yolente, in the city of
Charleston, on Tuosduy, the 9th of Febrnary, A.D.
We cannot conclude this mflfmary of proceed?
ings, without referring to the cordial hospitality
and- fraternal courtesy exhibited by the Compan?
ions residing in and around Greenville. They
were ably seconded, too, by the brethren and citi?
zens generally, and we know that the Members of
the Grand Chapter reluctantly bade farewell to our
mountain city, where they had been the recipients
of 6o much attention and politeness.
Walhalla.?The Sumter Watchman has the fol?
lowing in reference to our sister town:
We have been pleased to notice, from time to
time, indications of improvement at Walhalla, as
well as in other of the upper portions of the State.
And we say Walhalla, especially, because Sumter
has recently lost by it* gain, iu the removal,
thither, of the Misses Morgan and Miss Moure,
whose excellent Seminary was so highly prized in
our midst. We are pleaeed to learn that, these es?
timable ladies have opened a school at Walhalla,
under favorable auspices, and we (rust that their
valuable services, ao teachers, will be fnUy appre?
ciated by the intelligent people of that region. We
command them to their confidence and support.
In addition to the accession thus commented
upon, we will add that the last number of the
Keowee Courier announces that its next issue will
be at Walhalla. We wish our growing and pros?
perous neighbor every success, and these indica?
tions guarantee a full measure. We learn that a
meeting was to bo holden on yesterday to locate
the Court House of Oconee, the new district or
county wherein Walhalla is situated.
Greenville.?We 6pcnt two or threo days in
this beautiful town last week, in attendance upon
the Grand Chapter of South Carolina. Although
having few leisure moments, we were delighted to
meet many pleasant acquaintances and friends.
Of course, wo called upon the press gang, and had
a familiar talk with our estimable cotemporarics,
Mr. Bailey, of tho Enterprise, and Messrs. Bos
tick and Elforo, of the Mountaineer. These ex?
cellent newspapers arc well supported by the oiti
zens of Greenville and surrounding country, and
they aro richly deserving tho patronage and en?
couragement exteuded to them.
During our stay there, business seemed dull,
bat we presume that the miserable condition of the
public roads prevented the usual concourse of wag?
ons, and intorfered with the large barter trade
enjoyed by the merchants nud others of that place.
The shipment of grain, we learn, has been a pria
cipal feature of that market.
Most of the delegates atopped at the Man
House, and wc regret to know that several 1
far from being favorably impressed. It ha
ways been a mystery to us why hotel-keepers
to consult their own interests, and allow custoi
to go away dissatisfied. .Personally, we have
special rl?sons to censare the*Mansion House;
several'of our "friends felt disposed to grumble,
not without, cause, and we mako this allusior
order that the proprietors may learn that there
"a chiel amang ye takin' notes." We would ra
praiso than blame, but in this instance the nn
truth will not admit the usc of flattering langu
Vcrbum sat sapienti.
For the Anderson Intelligencer.
"Men chango with fortune, manners change ~\
Tenets with books, and principles with times.'
Amid tho rapid revolution through which wc
passing, there still exists some faint remembn
in the minds of tho people of that anoient pri
pie, that in nil constitutional governments
military should be subordinate to the civil autl
ty. Where this principle originated and waa
tablished, whether in Magna Charta, the Deel
tion of Independence, Federal er State const
lions, is almost lost sight of. It appears now :
vague, indefinite instinct, transmitted to the p
ent generation by ancient tradition, and we
only occasionally reminded of it, by courts
legislative bodies, in a manner calculated mor
excite a smile than serious thought.
Indeed, a now idea seems to prevail that this
principle is sheer nonsense?that the military
civil authorities of a State are Siamese twins,
can both be supreme among the people at thc si
Inter arma leges silent,
..-Irma c?dant togx,
are old fogy dogmas, which cannot impede
progressive age. But still it must amuse all th i
ing persons to witness the endenvors of our 1
cials to reconcile or conceal this glaring incon
tency, this remarkable incongruity. Not 1
since, considerable indignation was manifested
a Judge, and the audience present, by the appt
anco of a single soldier in the court-room, bear
an order from the military commander, prescrib
how justice should be administered. That Ju
vacated his seat, but still the courts are kept or
In Memphis, likewise, the lawyers left the coi
room in a body, because tho Judge introduce'
few soldiors ; but the lawyers return as soon as
soldiers depart. Again, in Charleston, even
motley members of tho so-called Convention
straightway into hysterics over a few policeu
sent into their midst to keep order ; but they
on with their law-making as soon as these terr
foes aro out of their immediate presence. -N
this is mere theatrics, nice acting, but is the pi
ciple thereby acknowledged, vindicated or honor
Should laws be made, or justice attempted to
administered by civil courts, where the milit
power is supreme ? Cnn it be done fearlessly,
?partially and independently? This is the qu
tion, and it is not answered satisfactorily b;
grand flourish 07er the presence of a few soldic
The camp of the soldiers may be just out of sigh
the military commander and tho power that ru
may not offend your actual presence ; but is :
the fact, the supremacy of the military, knov
felt and acknowledged by all?
How long shall this incongruous, dangerous <
p?riment continue, or where will it end ? Are
not steadily and rapidly drifting away from ?
cient safeguards, and by acquiescence and ct
fcrmity. in effect, almost legalizing these mischi?
ous invasions. It is a fearful juncture of affa
in any government, when Judges can find no mc
solid foundation for their judgments, than tl
doctrine of expediency, this time-serving polic
that it is better to conform, and give judicial sar
tion to these irregularities, for fear that worse m
befall the people
In a case recently heard in Charleston, to wi
The Rule against the Sheriff, (a military oppoinfe*
to shew cause by what authority he held the'offic
tlie learned Judge admitted that the Bule was
the point, that it involved the authority of militai
orders, questioned their validity, and the right
a civil court to give them effect, eec. Now, docs h
in the judgment pronounced, vindicate thc laws
the State under which beholds his commission
He says: "I feel it my duty, in the decision
the point submitted, not to disregard the cireur
stances by which we are surrounded, and the e:
isling relation of thc State to the General Goven
mont. Thc organization of society must be pr
served, or in the pince of authority, whether it I
de jare or de. facto, a rule of conduct would be sui;
stituted, which, regardless of all law, would loat
the people of the State in a worse condition thu
that which they now realize." Not very pink
but wc suppose thc Judge meant that, in his opie
ion, a quasi civil government is better than a pur
military government, and that a quasi civil cour
is bettor than a military court. But he proceeds
"I have less hesitation, in thc conclusion to whicl
I have arrived, from the fact that thc courts 0
South Carolina have observed and respected th
said orders. The Court of Appeals, at its late sit
ting iu Columbia in December last, recognized, ii
the case of the State vt. Jennings, thc radica
change made in the jury law, by the effect of th<
order relating thereto. I feel the weight of th<
authority, and my obligation to be bound by it,'
Now, we submit, most respectfully, that the Ap?
peal Judges in tbe case of thc State vs. Jennings,
instead of deciding these military orders validi
most carefully and adroitly avoided any opinion on
that point. The Appeal Court says : "In thc ar?
gument before this Court, the counsel for the pris?
oner has rested thc motion in arrest of judgment
upon two objections to thc jury which tried him.
1. That the jurorB were not drawn under compe?
tent authority. 2. That they were drawn from a
box which contained thc names of a class of per?
sons who were not qualified to serve as jurors.
Under thoso objections there has been urged noth?
ing but non-conformity in the proceedings had for
drawing the furors, with the General Orders of the
Commandant of this the Second Military District,
construed ns these orders must be with reference
I to thc laws of the Stale which they alter," and to
this extent, and no more, did thc Appeal Court
venture to go.
Since that decision was published, however, wc
sec that thc Military Commander has issued an
order validating nil juries drawn at the last term
of the Court, and, we presume, when Jonnings is
put on his trial again, that tho direct question will
be made na to the legnlity, under the laws and con?
stitution of this State, of such military legislation.
Whore martial law exists, civil courts cannot be
open, and in the free, proper and unobstructed ex?
ercise of their jurisdiction. The anlagonism is
irreconcilable, and in the conflict, one or the other
will surely perish. X.
Andebbox, Feb. 18.?Cotton market opened live?
ly to-day, under "favorable advices. A good article
i brought 18 cents, but there was \c. decline before
the day cloged.
? II l iL ft ? ^11 J( n . j. i IM l III ? i ? t ? -jmui^ -.?- --.
From the Charleston Mercury.
LETTER FROH GOVERNOR PERRY.
Messrs. Editors : The apathy and indifference of
the people of South Carolina, to the impending
degradation, infamy and ruin, which await them,
politically, socially and pecuniarily, are indeed ap?
palling. They are now standing, as it were, on a
magazine of powder, which a spark may at any
time, ignite and blow them into eternity. There
is in our midst a black volcano, whose upheavings
and partially smothered throes, are unmistakable
of a terrific explosion. And yet no one seems
alarmed or thinks of makitig the slightest effort to
rescue himself, his family or country from the
threatened destruction Nero's fiddling whilst
Rome was burning is prudence and virtue to our
present insensible and voluntary stupor and iudif
There is a great party at the North, struggling
for our salvation, and doing all that heroic and
patriotic men can do, to rescue the people of the
South and the Republic from tyranny, dishonor
aud death, whilst we are not raising a hand to help
them in this fearful, mortal conflict. Are the
Southern people lost to all shame, insensible to all
honour and indifferent to the safety of themselves,
their families and country ? If they are not it be?
hooves them to be up and doing before it is too
late. Let there be, at once, in this State, in every
district, town, village and neighbourhood a Demo?
cratic party to affiliate with, and act in concert
with the National Deinocratic party in the North?
ern States. This will strengtheu them, and en?
courage them in their noble and patriotic resis?
tance to the tyranny of a reckless Congress, whose
sole purpose seems to be, to destroy the liberties of
their country, and establish a negro despotism in
the South. !
The Radical party, through the instrumentality
of vile emissaries, outcasts of society from the
North, and poor, ignorant and deluded negroes,
are thoroughly organized throughout the South,
in every Stale, district and neighbourhood. Their
secret Union Leagues are everywhere, and through
them they have deceived the negro and bought up
mean and unprincipled whites, by the temptation
of office from that of governor down to constable.
In this way they have got control of the State,
whilst the honourable, patriotic, intelligent and
virtuous have been supinely inactive aud indiffer?
ent. This must not be so any longer. If the Con?
servative men of the Stale will organize every
where, and exert their influence, they may yet
open the eyes of the negro, to the inevitable de
struction which awaits them as a race and people.
They may control, at least, the best portion of
them, and induce them to vote against the ratifi?
cation of the constitution, or stay away from the
polls. Intelligence, Tirtue aud wealth must exert
a powerful influence over any and every people
where properly applied.
By organizing Democratic clubs, in every neigh?
bourhood, and having a central club, at the Court?
house, sending delegates to meet in convention, at
Columbia, the Conservative Democracy may act in
concert all over the State, and in harmony with the
National Conservative Democracy, throughout the
United Stales. Such nn organization ts absolutely
necessary in the coming Presidential election. We
must have it, to send delegates to the National
Democratic Convention, which will assemble in
May, to- nominate candidates for President and
Vice-President of the United States. We must
have it for the purpose of nominating and olecting
electors of President and Vice-President, for South
Carolina. We must have it for the purpose of
nominating and electing Governors and all State
officers, should tho negro-Vankce constitution be
ratified in South Carolina, which God tu His mercy
But above all we must havo a Democratic organ?
ization for sen dclence and protection, in this wild
fanatical revolution which is uow going on in our
beloved and once honoured State. Let every one,
who regards his own life, the honor of his family,
and the preservation of his property and liberty,
set to work immediately in ihe formation of these
associations, in his immediate neighbourhood. Ltt
him draw up a written constitution for the associ?
ation, founded on Democratic principles, and get
a 1 to sign it who will,both black aud wniie.pledging
themselves lo act in concert, with the N'ationut Di
mociacy, in preserving the Constitution, Union and
liberty ot the Uepublic, the protection of all, equal?
ly, in the' enjoyment of life, liberty, properly and
the pursuit of happiness, before the law and in
obedience to law.
The present condition of soeiety in South Caro?
lina, is indeed, a most wrelched, miserable one.
Every night we hear of conflagrations, murders
In the Rc;oUili-liction nets of Congre-S it is ex?
pressly stated that the military authorities are sent
amongst us lo protect life, property and preserve
the peace of society. Bui instead of this being
done, crime has increased tenlold in our midst,
since the ads cm of our military protectors, and is
still frightfully increasing. It may be said that
we are in the midst of a savage war, and the sav?
age within our owu> possessions, believing himself
protected by the government. It does seem that
the day is not far distant when the while race will
have lo work hard to support the grown negroes
in cur jails and penitentiary, and their children in
free schools and ihe poorhouses.
What a commentary on Republican institutions
is that unlawful and usurped assembly now sitting
-in your Club House, forming a constitution for the
once proud, glorious and honoured State of South
Carolina. Composed, as it is, of negroes, unprin?
cipled and ignorant whire men, traitors to their
race and country, nnrcasts uf Northern sociely,
and adventurers, black und white Yankees, with a
constitution bearing internal evidence of its having
been writlen by some ignorant Northern Abolition?
ist, and sent here for Hdoption.
If under llic*c cireumMunWH the people of this
State will not exert themselves, in concert with the
National Democracy and the President of the Uni?
ted States, io-prevciit this vile and putrid patch?
work of a government being saddled on them and
their posterity, then they deserve their fate, and
are worthy of being the slaves of negroes and the
outcasts of Northern society. But never, never
can I believe such n calumny and slander. I feel
assured every newspaper in the Sl^e wiii sound
the alarm, and go lo work earnestly and zealously
in so good a causa, and that every prominent man
in his neighbourhood will exert himself, and that
even the good negroes will lend their aid in protec?
ting themselves and their country There is a class
of white men iu South Carolina who arc seeking
office that we may expect no aid or sympathy from.
The finger of scorn will ever hereafter be pointed
at them and their posterity in all time to come, as
the Judas Iscariots of their race.
In conclusion, Messrs. Editors, let me make this
further suggestion as to the formation of these so
cieties or Democratic clubs all over the State.
I There should be a President and Vice-President, a
Corresponding Secretary and Treasurer elected by
the society. They should meet as often as convene
ient, and each member should consider himself a
committee to induce others to join. Every one
should endeavour to disseminate Democratic news?
papers and speeches and essays in his neighbour?
hood, and procure his neighbours to subscribe for
such papers and documents. As many as can
should meet at the courthouse monthly and report
progress to the central sociely. The central soci
tics should make reports lo the general society at
the seat of government or capital of the Slate.
Every member should consider himself a sort of
conservator of the peace for the suppression of
vice and crime, and see that offenders are brought
to justice in our courts. They should aid the civil
and military authorities in ferreting out evildoers,
and protecting the innocent from lawlessness and
wrong. And for this purpose, they should bo pre?
pared to defend themselves when unlawfully as?
sailed, in their persons or property. Good men
are always brave and generous, and bad men are
If the Southern Slates will organize as I pro?
pose, they may carry the entire South in the com?
ing Presidential election, and defeat the ratifica?
tion of all the bogus constitutions which have been
formed by Northern Radicals and adopted by ne?
gro conventions. Then our common country will
once more stand redeemed, regenerated and disen?
thralled of Radical rule and military despotism.
This fjreat model republic will be again governed
by (he constilnlion, and made perpetual for a free,
united and happy people.
B. P. PERRY.
Greenville, S. ft, February 6, 1808.
Augusta, Feb. 15.?Cotton market advanced}
to lc.\ middling 10.
Charleston, Feb. 15.?Cotton opened quiet,
but closed active and advanced \ to la; sales 1,600
bales?middling 20$ to 21.
New York, Feb. 15.?Cotton decidedly more ac?
tivc, and ljc. better; middling 21 lo 21 j.
Belton Lodge, No. ?, A.\ F/. M.-.,U. D.
A REGULAR COMMUNICATION OF BELTON
LODGE will be held in the Lodge Room at Belton,
S. C, on THURSDAY, March 5th, 1868, at 10
o'clock A. M. Brethren will take due notice and
govern themselves accordingly.
By order of the WV\- M.'.
WARREN D. WILEES, Sec.
Feb 5, 18G8 83
Burning Bush Chapter, No. 7, K/X\M.\
A REGULAR CONVOCATION OF BURNING
BUSH CHAPTER will be held in the Chapter
Room on MONDAY NIGHT, March 2, 1868, at
seven o'clock Companions will assemble with?
out further notice.
By order of the M.-.E.-.fl.vP'..
GEORGE MUNRO, Sec.
Feb. 5, 1868 33 4
E. WEBB, Agent, will be at Anderson Court Houstf
on Saleday next, and persons due him will make
payment by that day, as after that day the Ac
couuts will be found in the handa of a? officer for*
P. S.?The books will remain in the hands of JV
B. McGee until the day above specified.
Feb 19, 1868 35 2
ALL persons having demands against the Estate
of James Nelson, deceased, are hereby notified
that they must present them to the undersigned
before the first day of January next; and all per?
sons indebted to the Estate must make immediate
payment. J. Vt. WILSON, Adm'r.
Feb 19, I8G8 35 8*
ON the 14th of February, at Anderson C. H., on
the Public Square, a large, well-worn POCKET
BOOK, containing twelve dollars?two five dollar
bills, and one two dollar bill; several old papers,
receipts, &o. The tiuder will be rewarded by leav?
ing it at this office. MURRY WOODSON.
Feb 19, 1868 35 1
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
James W. Harrison and John B. Benson, Execu?
tors, vs. John T. Sloan, and Eliza his wife, Da?
vid B. Sloan, Adm'r, et al.?Jitll to Marshal As?
sets, Injunction, ?$*c.
BY virtue of a Decretal Order from the Court of
Equity, it is
Ordered, That the Defendant, C. L. ?afllard.
and all other creditors of the testator, E. Berry
Benson, are hereby enjoined and restrained from
instituting or prosecuting suits at law against the
Complainants, James W. Harrison and John B.
Benson, in their representative character as Exec?
utors, or against the said James W. Harrison ay
surety for the said ? B. Benson, deceased.
It is further Ordered, That all persons claim?
ing to be creditors of the Testator, E. B. Benson,
dee'd, do come in and prove their demands before
the Commissioner of this Court on or by the Twen?
tieth day of April next, under pain of being barred
of any benefit under the Decree which may be pro?
cured in this case.
W. W. HUMPHREYS, c.?.a.d.
Commissioner's Office, 1
February 19, 1868. / 35?10
Come and Get the Worth
E. WEBB, Agent,
IS now opening a well-selected stock of Goods ??*.
FACTORY YARN, &c, &c,
Together with everything usually kept in an up
He asks the patronage of his old friends on
Rocky River and country around, to give him a
call. All kind produce taken in exchange for
Feb 12, 1868 24
SHARPE & FANT,
No. 7 Granite Row,
AXDEESON C. S. C.
STOCKS, Bonds. Gold and Exchange on New
York and Charleston, and uncurrcnt Bank Bills
bought and sold.
State money always on hand for sale. Buy to
pay yo?r Taxes.
Feb 12, 1868 34
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
IX THE COURT OF ORDINARY.
Thomas A. Sherard and David J. Shcrard, Appli?
cants, vs. Joseph O'Briant. David O'Briant, Jes?
se O'Briant and others. Defendants, legal heirs
and representatives of Jesse O'Briant, dee'd.
IT is, therefore, Ordered, That they do appear
and object to the division or sale of the Real Es?
tate of Jesse O'Briant, sr., deceased, on or before
the 25th day of March next, or their consent to
the same will be entered of record.
Given under my hand and seal this 10th day of
February A. D. 1868.
ROBERT J?NKIN, o-.a.d.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
WHEREAS, Harrison Long has applied to me for
Letters of Administration on the Estates of A. F.
and T. W. Long, deceased:
These arc therefore to cito and admonish all and
singular the kindred and creditors of sard deceased,
to be and appear at my office on February 26,. 1868,
to show cause, if any they can, why said Adminis?
tration should not be granted.
ROBERT J?NKIN, o^a.d.
Feb 12, 1868 34 2
PERSONS having demands against the Estate of
Thomas B. Burriss, deceased, will present their
claims, properly attested, to the undersigned, with?
in the time prescribed by law, and those indebted
to said Estate arc notified to make payment imme?
diately. JOHN B. WATSON, Adm'r.
Feb 12,1868 34 a
White Lead i White Lead!
1A AA LBS. of various brands of White Lead,
,UUU prices ranging from 8J to 20 cents
per pound, for sale at
BAKER'S DRUG STORE.
Feb. 12, lSr.8 34 2