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An Independent Family Journal?Devoted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence.
HOYT & CO.. Proprietors.
VOLUME 4.-N0. 49.
Thrilling Adventure on a Chimney-Top.
The most intensely exciting narrative
we have read for many a day, is the fol?
lowing alary from a new London maga?
zine, entitled the Quiver :
A man will go blind, and mad too, from
fear. I have seen it happen; and if you
don't mind listening, will tell you the
story! I was: apprenticed to a builder
when I left school, and soon got to like
the-trade-very much, especially when the
work, was perilous "and gave me a chance
to out <jlo the other lads in daring. "Spi?
der/' was my nickname in those daj-s,
given partly on account of my long legs,
for I'had outgrown my proportions, and
partly because they said I could crawl
along ? roof like my namesake. When
I wasabout three-and-twentyI was work?
ing with the famous Mr. -, and went
down to Swansea with his picked hands
to carry out a contract he had taken in
that town. While there I fell in love
with tho prettiest girl I had seen in
. Wales, and that is saying a good deal.
!Por a time I fancied she liked me, and
that I was getting on very well with un?
love-making, but I soon found my mis
take, for an old lover of hers joined our
tnen, and Mary gave me tho cold should?
er directly. You may believe this sweet?
heart of hers (who was called Ben
&loydd) and I were not the best friends
in tho world; but I am nut tho sort of
fellow.to harbor malice, and when the
biddings to the wedding went round, and
I knew that my chanco was gone, I made
thebost of it; I kept my sore heart to
myself, and determined to boat down
jealousy, by being great chums with Ben.
I went to the wedding ; and there were
ifoi'many days when I did not steal half
an.hour to sit by his fireside, which was
as blight and cosy and homo-like as you'd
Wish to see?Mary being the soul of order
and industry. It is not, perhaps, the
usual way of driving out envj', to go and
look at the happiness another man has
done you but of, but you know the pro
Verb saysj "Whnt'is otic man's meat is
another man's poison ;" and so it was, I
got to look upon Mary aft a sorfr of a sis?
ter, and Ben had no cause for jealous}',
'though there were plenty of evil tongues
ready to put him up to it.
? The? contract was nearly up when a
lightning conduc'torupon one of tho high?
est chimneys over at Llanelly sprang,
and. the owner of the works offered our
master the job.
"It's just the sort of thing for you<
Harry," said Mr. ?? , when lie told us
of it. I touched my cap, and accepted it
off-hand, and then Ben stepped up and
said he'd volunteer to be the second man,
two being required.
* "All tight!" said the master, "you arc
the steadies-, headed fellows 1 have. The
price is a good one, and every penny of
it shall be divided between 3 011. We'll
not fix a day for tho work, but take the
first calm morning, and get it done quiet
So it was that, some four or five morn?
ings after, wo found ourselves at Llanel?
ly, and all ready for the start. The kite
by which the lino attached to tho block
was to be sent over tho chimney was
flown, and did its work well ; the rope
which was to haul up the cradlo wa?"
ready, and stepping in, Ben and I began
There had been very few peoplo about
when we went into the cradle, but as we
got higher ? saw that tho news had
sproad, and that the streets were filling
?'There's plenty of star gazers, Ben," I
said," waving my cap to them; "I dajjc
say they'd like to see 11s come down with
?''Cannot you keep quiet ?" answered
Ben, speaking in a strange tone; and
t turning to rook, I saw that he was dead-'
' ly pale, and sat in the bottom of the cra?
dle, hoddlod up together, with his eyes
"You're not frightened, old chap ?" I
\ ".What's that to y<wj ?"
rtOh, nothing; only we are getting up
protty quickly, and you'd havo a better
head for work if you'd get gradually used
to the height."
rio said nothing and never' moved.
Then looking up I saw 'we were close to
the top?a few yards more and we would
be there, j-ct those who were turning
continued with unabated speed. A sud?
den chill run through my blood and set
my flesh creeping. They had miscalcu?
lated the distance, ar.d with the force
they were winding at, the rope must in?
evitably break when the cradle came in
contact with the block. There was no
time to attempt a signal, only an instant
to point out tho danger to Ben, and then
to get hold of the rope, and by going
hand over, reach the coping before the
cradle came up. This was dono almost
quicker than 1 can tell you, Ben follow?
The cradlo came on; then, as I antici?
pated, the rope gave a shrill, pinging
.30.und, like a rifle ball passing through
the air, and snapped. Down went the
cradle and there wo were left, nearly
ihree hundred feet in the air, with noth?
ing to rest upon but a coping barely
otghfeen inches wide. Ben shrieked
that he was a dead man, and cried :
"Tell me where I can kneel, Harry ;
nhow mo whore I can pray to Almighty
God, for I cannot die this way !"
"Plush, lad !" I said, "don't loso heart.
God can hear you just as well sitting as
kneeling; and if you try to get up you'll
tumble to a moral certainty. Think of
Jtfary, man, and keep up."
But he only shook and swayed more
and more, groaning and crying out that
ho was lost; and 1 could sco that if he
did not mind, ho would over balance.
"Gat hold of the rod," I said, thinking
that even sprung as it was, the touch of
it would give him coinage.
"Where is it, boy ?" lie said hoarsely;
and then looking into his face, which was
turned to mc, I saw that his eyes were
drawn together, squinting and bloodshot,
and knew that the fright had driven him
blind. So pushing .myself to him, I
placed my arm around' his waist, and
worked round to the rod, which I put in
his hand ; and then 1 looked below, to
see whether they were trying to help us;
but there was no sign. The yard was
full of people, all running hither and
?thither, and, as I afterwards knew, all in
the greatest consternation; the cradle
having fallen on one of the overseers of
the works, killing him on the spot, and
so occupying the attention of those near
that we unfortunates were for the time
forgotten. I was straining my eyes in
hopo of seeing some effort made to help
us, when I. was startled by a horrible
yell, and brought to a sense of new dan?
ger, for looking round, I saw Bon champ?
ing with his teeth, and foaming at the
mouth, and gesticulating in an unearthly
way. Fear had not only blinded him,
but crazed his brain.
Scarcely had I time to comprehend
this, when he began edging his way to?
ward me, and every hair of my head
seemed to stand on end, asl moved away,
keeping as far off as I could, and scarce?
ly during to breathe le9t ho should hear
me, for see mo he could not?that was
my only consolation. Once?twice?
thrice?ho followed me round the mouth
of that horrible chimney, then, no doubt
thinking I had fallen over, he gave up
the search, and he began trying to gebon
to his feet. What could I now do to save
his life ? To touch him was certain death
to myself as well as him, lor he would
inevitably seize me, and we should both
go -over together. To let him stand up
was to witness his equally certain de?
I thought of poor Mary, and I remem?
bered that if he died, she might get to
care for me. The devil put that thought
in my mind, I suppose; but, thank God,
thoro was a stronger than Satan near,
and at the risk of mv life, I roared :
"Sit still, or you will fall, Ben Lloydd !"
Ho crouched down and held on with
clenched teeth, shivering and shaking.
In after days, ho told me that bethought
that it was my spirit sent to warn and
'?Sit still,'' I repealed from time to
time, watching with aching eyes and
brain for 6omo sign of aid. Each minute
seeThed to be an hour, ily lips grew dry,
my tongue literally clave to my mouth,
and the perspiration running down blind?
ed me'. At last?at last?hope came.
The crowd began to gather in the yard,
people were running in from distant
lanes, und a sea of faces was turned up?
ward; llton somo one who had got a
speaking-trumpet shouted :
'?Keep heart, boys, we'll save you !"
A few minutes more and the kite began
to rise; higher and higher it comes, on
and on. How I watched the white-win"
ed messenger, comparing it in my heart
to an angel ; and surely, us an angel was
it permitted to come to fit? poor sinners
hanging on the verge of eternity. Up it
came, nearer und nearer, guided by the
skillful flier. The slack rope M'OSScd the
chimney, and we were saved.
I could not shout hurrah, even had I
dared; but in every beat of my heart
was a thanksgiving to the God that I had
never truly known till that hour, and
whose merciful providence I can never
The block was fixed, the cradle come
up again, and Ben, obeying my order, got
in, and I followed ; but no sooner did I
touch him than he began trying to get
out. I got holdtof him, and taking it in
his head that I was attempting to throw
him over, he struggled and fought like
the madman ho was?grappling, tearing
With his teeth, shouting, shrieking und
praying all the way down, while the cra?
dle strained and cracked, swinging to and
:fro like the pendulum of a clock. As we
camo near the ground 1 could hear the
roar of voices, and an occasional cheer ;
then suddenly all was silent, for they hud
heard Ben's cries, aud when the cradle
touched the ground scarcely a man dared
look in. The first who dtd saw a horrible
sight, for exhausted b}* the struggle and
excitement, so soon as the cradrestopped
I had fainted, and Ben feeling my hands
relax, had fastened his teeth in my nock.
No wonder tho men fell back with
blanched faces; they saw that Ben was
crazed ; but they thought he had killed
me, for as they said, he was actually wor?
rying me like a dog.
At last the mnMtergot to us, and pulled
Bon off me. I soon earno round, but it
was a long time before he got well, poor
fellow; and when he did come f?::t of the
asylum, ho was never fit for his old trade
again, so he and Mary went out to Aus?
tralia, and the last 1 heard of them was,
that Ben had got a couple of thousand
shocp, and was doing capital!}'.
I gave up tho trade soon after, finding
that I got queer in tho head when I tried
to face a height. So you sco that morn?
ing's work changed two men's lives.
? Breeding of farm stock is an art, and
60 high an art just now, in view of the
price of beautiful animals, that boys and
girls may well consider whether it is not
as well to grow perfection in form as to
paint or sculpture it.
? The test of an egg is to hold it to
the light from a dark place?in a dark
room to a candle, or in both hands tunnel
lorm, to the window by day?if it; show3
a yolk color it is good ; jf opaque throw
it away. 1
From the Cincinnati Railroad Record.
The Southern Railroad.
In regard to what should be the termi?
nus of tho Southern Road, and what were
the great objects to be accomplished, we
have expressed ourselves freely in past
[ articles; but, since the arrival of numer?
ous Southern Delegations, and the strife
for the Southern terminus has become so
active, it may be interesting to state the
case again, in tho light of cost and geo?
1st. The People of Cincinnati want a
South jine of Railroad. To meet this
want, two points are proposed; Chatta?
nooga and Knoxville. The direct South
line passes between these two points, and
hence, it will not be a material variance
to go to cither of them.
2d. But, Chattanooga is GO miles farth?
er South, and hero arises the question of
cost. Will Cincinnati be committed by
establishing the terminus to make the road
to that point ? If the lioad is to be be?
tween thoso two points, and Cincinnati is
herself to make the road, which the new
law requires, how can sho help making
the whole road? In that caso, why
should sho make 60 miles moro road than
is necessary ? But, it is said, that the city
will buy tho Kentucky Central, and in the
same way will buy some road in Tennes?
see, to be made to the State Line. Sup?
pose this done, why buy 60 miles more
than is necessary? If the city of Cincin?
nati is to buy, or to make a railroad from
Covington to Chattanooga, it will require
all of ten millions and more. Hence, we
think it safer, simply on tho ground of
cost, to make Knoxville the Southern ter?
minus. But, we confess, that Chattanoo?
ga is on the straight line from Cincinnati
to Pensacola, which is our Cincinnati and
Mackinaw Lino, completed.
3d. But, there are other considerations,
mentioned in our former article, which
makes Knoxvillo as the proper terminus
in the South. It is absolutely necessary,
it Cincinnati would derive any great ben?
efit from her ten millions of dollars, that
that she'should have a road connecting
her with the South Atlantic ports. This
sho will have ultimately with Norfolk, by
tho Ohio and Chesapeake Road; but
whero will be tho connection with Wil?
mington (X. C-), Charleston ^S. C), Sa?
vannah (Ga.). unless her Trunk Line is
so made, as to connect with the Systems
of Huiiroad in North and South Carolinu ?
Now, tho North Carolina System ot Rail?
roads is to come down the French Broad
to Knoxville; and the South Carolina
System is to be continued through the j
Bahun Gap (Ca.), by the Little Tennessee
to Knoxville. Ii is true, that those roads
may be connected with a Trunk Line to
Chattanooga, but only 60, by extending
branches farther than is necessary, and
by Cincinnati making a longer Trunk
line than is necessary.
4th. But. there is another point of ma?
terial importance. Supposing that Chat?
tanooga is selected, is not almost certain
that good engineering will require the use
of two thirds the Chattanooga and Knox?
ville Road at any rate ? If you take up
tho map of Tennessee, you will find that
the railroad from Chattanooga to Knox-,
ville goes for two-thirds of the way, al-,
most on the direct line to Cincinnati,
being but little east of north. It is not
probable, that a good engineer will find
any better road from Cincinnati to Chat?
tanooga, than to go directly to near Wil?
liamsburg. Ky., crossing tho Cumberland
Mountains, on a direct South line to
Jacksborough, and thchco to Knoxville
and Chattanooga, and not far from the
exact South lino from Cincinnati. It is
very well ascertained, that the Jacks
borough route crosses in the most practica?
ble gap in the Cumberland mountains,and
is on the whole tho easiest made. . We
think that this modification of the Knox?
villo route would probably be better than
either one of those proposed. If tho
Chattanooga terminus be selected, we
feel confident that this will bo the result
ot it; the present Knoxville and Chatta?
nooga route will bo used for 110 miles of
tho distance. If this bo true, and the
map shows that it is, wc can not see why
Cincinnati should make, or what is the
same thing, buy or become responsible for
110 miles more of road than is necessary.
Some people seem to think that it is no
matter whether we have a direct railroad
to the Southern Atlantic or not; thr.tjtis
only necessary to have the trade from the
Southwest! If this be the caso, the ten
millions Cincinnati is about to expend,
will be as completely thrown away, as if
it were pat in tho ocean. The straight
line to Memphis will he made in a tew I
days via Louisville, and tho Bridgo over
tho Ohio will soon complete it. Memphis
is the center of the Southwest. To Nash-J
ville wc have already two lines, one by j
rail and one b}' river. Whatever is wan-'
ting to tho Southwestern Lines will soon
be made by private parties. The object
of Cincinnati is a very different tbing from
this. The object is to make a Direct
Trunk Line, which while it admits of all
collateral branches necessary to connect
Tennessee and Alabama with the main
line, nevertheless looks to Georgia, South
and North Carolina.as its real ultimatum.
Anything short ot that will be 'a failure;
and a fatal failure lor Cincinnati. Wheth
J or Cincinnati shall adopt Chattanooga or
Knoxville as the legal terminus, may not
in itself be very important; involving on?
ly more or less expense. But, it is all im?
portant that this city should not mistako
its own purpose. If it does, the immense
captinl to be employed, and secured and
partly paid for by a tax on the people,
will be Completely lost. Behind the State
Lino ot Tennessee, and beyond any special
point, that may bo named, lies this im?
mense region, which furnishes a great and
peculiar market for the products of the
Ohio Valley, viz.: the great cotton States
of Georgia, North and South Carolina.
These States comprise a space of 120,000
square miles; and in East Tennessee,
Southwest Virginia, and East Kentucky
are 80,000 other square miles; and thus
there arc 200,000 square miles of territory,
and 3,000,000 of people, who are to be
brought by means of the Southern Road
to trade with Cincinnati; who have here?
tofore traded with it only through other
cities, if ft traded at all.- A new com?
merce, a new market, a now growth in
wealth, is to be created, and Cincinnati is
to take a new start in growth, enterprise
and prosperity. But, this start will not
be taken, if the capital and energy which
are required for it arc thrown away on a
Southwestern Road, which comes of
course, without any need of advance on
the part of this city. The plan of 1S36,
still remains the best and wisest; to make
a Trunk Lino Railroad, which shall con?
nect with the Blue Ridge Railroad of
South Carolina through the Rabun Gap,
and thus complete the line from Cincin?
nati to Charleston, as well as connect the
city with the whole system of Southern
The Southern ?i?torical Society.
There was a meeting last evening in the
rooms of the Howard Association, on Camp
street, of gentlemen who were prominent?
ly identified with the can*e of the South
in the late war, both in civil and military
capacities. The object of the meeting was
to organize a permanent society for the
purpose of collecting and preserving the
records and memoranda of the Confedera?
cy. As yet there has been no full and
comprehensive history of the war from a
Southern stand point, and froin the very
nature of things such a history cannot be
written for years to come. Hence the ne?
cessity for the organization of a society
which shall be a repository of those facts
concerning the great struggle, some of
which now live in print, but by far the
largest proportion of which are unwritten
history, recorded in the memories of such
men as Lee, Jeflerson Davis,. Johnson,
Beauregard, Bieckinridge, Gen. Cooper,
Bragg,- Maury, Toombsj Beniaminj Mallo
ry, Hood, Wright, Judge Campbell, and a
host of others, who from their position
were cognizant ol the interior workings of
the Government, of which the outside
world could obtain but a superficial and
necessarily imperfect view. The North
and South; both,- have had their would-be
historians, who, from hasty and incorrect
data, have given to the world what they
called histo'-ies of the war, hut which are
really crude volumes, in every pige of
which is evinced their partisan character.
The Southern Historical Society will
endeavor to collect only such data as are
perfectly reliable and correct of the work?
ings of the Confederate Government, cam?
paigns, battles, sieges and exploits of any
character, and they invite,communications
from all those who may be. cognizant of
interesting details and iacts, or who may
be in possession of valuable papers and
documents,collected during or since the
war. The society will extend throughout
the Southern States, and vice presidents
will be appointed in each State.
The Rev. Dr. B. F. Palmer is President
aud Gen. Braxton Bragg, Vice President.
Gen. R. E. Lee is Vice President in Vir?
ginia, John C. Brockinridge in Kentucky,
Alexander Stephens in Georgia, Ex Gov?
ernor I. G. Harris in Tennessee, etc., ete.
Those who may forwaid contributions
to the society are requested to state sim?
ple facts, without comment thereon, as the
idea is to compile statistics from which, in
the future, history may be written.,
The movement is one which must re?
ceive th* endorsement of all right minded
men, as it emanates from a desire which
exists i:i the hearts of all true Southern
men that their actions and motives may
be handed down to posterity, divested of
the clouds by which ignorance and mis?
representation have obscured them.?A'.
0. Picayune, May 13.
A Political Veteuax.?Mr. Caleb
Cushing is now in his seventieth year, yet
to all outward appearance not over sixty.
He was graduated at Harvard in 1817,
aud has been a close student all his life.
In 1838?thirty-one years ago?he was in
the House of Representatives, and was
regarded by his friends as a victim of con?
sumption. Yet he bids fair to outlive all
his contemporaries in public life at the
? The Central Georgian says that at
the recent session of the Wilkinson Supe?
rior Court, Judge Robinson defined what
it required to be under tho influence of
liquor, so that parties might make no mis?
take. Said he: "It is not necessary that
a man should be wallowing in a ditch, or
bumping his head against j our posts, that
you may know him to be drunk, but
whenever he begmfrte tell the same'thing
over twice, theft he's drfink !
? An itinerant quack doctor in Texas
was applied to by otic of Col. Hays' ran?
gers to extract the point ot an Indian
arrow-head from his head, where it had
been lodged for sometime. "1 can not
'struct this, stranger," said the doctor,
"becase to do so would go nigh killiu'
you ; bit I'll tell yon what I can do?I can
give you a pill that will melt it in vour
? General Butler was taking tea at
the house of a lady friend in Washington
the other day. The General seemed to
look as though somet hing was lacking, and
the following dialogue took place : Hos?
tess?"Can it be possible. General, that
you have no spoon?"' Butler (rising in?
dignantly and holding out both hands)?j
"No, madam ; if you don't believe you
can search me." >
ftaltti?s mA Ihnes.
Anoth er Picture of Grant's Administration,
The Washington .correspondent of the
Cincinnati Times criticises the administra?
tion of President Grant in the following
style, with much more of similar import.
The Times, be it remembered, is a Repub?
lican paper, arrd h?s been a staunch friend
of the administration:
The recent attack of two of the leading
Republican papers of the West?the Chi?
cago Tribune and Republican?upon the
preseut course and policy of the Adminis?
tration, created quite a breeze in this city,
and awakened responsive echoes in the
breasts ot many Republicans. Men who
a few months ago were most extravagant
admirers of President Grant, have sud?
denly lost confidence in him, and, so far as
can be judged here, fifty per cent: of those
who elected him believe him to be the
" creature of an accident," if they did not
before. There is no denying that the
Administration thus far has been a failure.
When tue flourish of trumpets with which
the inanguiation was ushered in is recol?
lected?when the magnificent promises
and auguries of the opening of the new
regime are recalled?the depth to which the
President has fallen will be more readily
appreciated, and the contiast between the
expectation and the fulfillment of his
futnre becomes more and more apparent.
So far President Grant has not done a
brilliant?and can hardly have said to
have uttered a wise thing since he assumed
the Presidential chair. All the talk about
economy has vanished in smoke. The
magnificent declaration that ability and
efficiency would be the only tests for
public honors and position has proved it
to be mere buncombe. The public service
is no purer now, and far less able, than it
was under President Johnson. The most
astute and far-seeing of our politicians
predict that we shall los? nearly all the
close Congressional districts within the
next two years, and that parties will be
more evenly balanced in the loWer House
of Congress before that time. The Federal
patrotiage was never prostituted to such
an extent under any administration as
under the present. The creatures of the
President have all received the fattest
offices and the best places as rewards for
their i^ycophahcy. No man ever threw
himself so irretrievably ihto the arms of
his favorites as Lirant has done. The
advice Of the best men of the party has
been f lighted. The warnings of the press
have been unheeded?the experience of
the past has been ignored. The man ?vlio,
it was fondly dreamed, would prove to be
a model President, whose acts would be so
many beacon lights in the future, has
followed so pernicious a course that, as
things look now, posterity will revert to
him as one more remarkable for his errors
than his wisdom.
Earnest Republicans wore rejoiced some
weeks ago when the clear-headed editor
of the New York Sun had the honesty
and boldness to contrast the shameless
acceptance of presents by the Executive
with the refusal of gifts and benefactions
by our earlier Presidents. The gentle
remonstrances of the New York Ihnes on
the subject of the distribution of the
patronage to his personal friends were
greeted with approbation, and it was
believed that those high in Authority could
at least be shamed into decency if they
were not prompted to its practice by
feeling and instinct.
Thinking men here rire fast settling
down to the opinion that Grant has no
policy whatever. His Cabinet is one of the
weakest which has ruled the country since
the foundation of the Government.?
Boutwellj Cox and Cresswell are the only
live men in it. Fish and Borie are two
of the greatest humbugs in the public
service, and, with Hoar, are mere clerks,
who, when ordered to do this of that, do
it and ask no' questions. If it were not
for Rawlins, who has always supplied
the brains for Grant, the administration
would tumble to pieces from its own want
of cohesive power, and the presence of a
superior directing mind. When Grant
was in the field, the enemy's opposing
force stimulated him to action, but now
that he has to arouse himself to great
efforts, he appears to have sunk into' ?
condition of apathy and indolence, because
he thinks no one has the power to call him
to account, no matter whac he may do.
Ho smokes incessantly, and seems to
have given himself up to sensual enjoy?
ment. He has shut out " the multitude "
from seeing him, and to gain an interview
with him is now regarded as a great favor,
not as a right, which1 every citizen feels he
has to call upon' the Chief Magistrate.
And if one does secure an interview, little
or no' satisfaction is obtained, for the
President looks at his visitors with that
stolid, indifferent air that seems to express
tho most perfect indi?erence to what the
visitor may have to say, and few can ever
get a decided answer from him one. way
or the other. And then the inevitable
cigar is scarcely out of his mouth, no mat?
ter who maybe present. Propriety would
seem to dictate that, he should at least
try to restrain his desires in this respect,
but not so. He seems perfectly indifferent
as to what impressions may he created
upon observers by his indulgence in nar
? For colic in horses a correspondent
takes soft water, adds more salt than it I
will dissolve, and with a woolen rag
bathes the horse on the small of the back
with this brine, rubbing it in hard. He
has never known it to fail to relieve tho
? Hens often acquire the habit of eat?
ing their own eggs and the eggs of their
companions. Nothing teaches this habit
to fowls more rapidly than allowing them
to eat egg shells.
The cotton crop of the current year doe.4
hot promise to be any larger than that of
the past year, if indeed, so large. The plan?
ters, stimulated by the high prices, are
trying to increase the production, but the
difficulty lies in the scarcity of laborers.
This scarcity is owing to two causes;
First, the black population under the in?
fluence of the social revolution through
which they have gone, arcjdiminishing.in
numbers, and there are, in consequence,
fewer laborers of this race than there were;
in I860. Secondly, field work is distate
ful to them, and they prefer to congregate1
in towns and cities. No considerable
amount of white labor has heretofore been
devoted to the production of cotton and
other field crops in the South, and there'
is not much hope of largely increasing the
amount of ??r agricultural labor by any
other means than immigration. But
whilst we are in want ?f field laborers,
bur section stands equally in need of good
mechanics and manufacturers. The im?
portation ?f a sufficiency of laborers to
cultivate the entire cotton lands of the.
South, and the consequent production of
a full crop, would result in a decline iri
the price of our great staple. The manu?
facturers of the North and of Europe
could then supply themselves with the
raw material at low figures, and would
hail with delight the return to the ancient
condition of things. But it is very ques?
tionable whether, with a heavy production
of cotton, attended by low pi ices, and ?
return to the old plan of obtaining pro?
visions from the Northwest,- the "South
would be any better than at present. An
increased cotton crop is not the great
desideratum of our section. What we want)
is the production of more grain, fruit aud
manufactured goods. . ???
The historian; Macauley, in tractfig out
the causes of England's prosperity, attrib?
utes her rapid improvement i:i the'raeehan
ic arts, during the last two hundred years,
in a great degree, to the revocation of the
Edict of Nantes. That Edict granted re?
ligious toleration to the Protestants of
France. Its revocation by Louis XIV
exposed them to all the horrors of a cruel
persecution. Thousands of them made
their escape to England; Among these
were a great number of the finest mechan?
ics of Europe. They contributed largely
to the improvement of their adopted
country in many arts, and richly repaid
the generous hospitality with which they
had been received. So, in more recent
times the Northern and Eastern Stales
have been built up, by the influx of skilled
mechanics from Europe.
What we need hero in the South,;
chiefly, is a manufacturing and mechanical
population, with Sufficient capital to give
a permanent establishment to ipanufaetnr
ing industry. We should have been-glad
to have seen a small appropriation made
by the General Assembly, at its recent
session,for the collection and dissemination
of facts illustrative of the manufacturing,
resources of our State. If the capitalists,
of New England, of Old England, of
Switzerland.and other countries could be
made to understand the advantages they
would enjoy here, the delightful climate,
the magnificent water-powers, the conve?
nience of obtaining the raw material, the
proximity of the market, and the cordial
welcome which would be extended t?
j them by the people, they would not be
I long in finding their way in this Country;
There can be but one objection raised;
[The people of the South are not a manu?
facturing people, and it. would therefore1
j be difficult to obtain skilled labor here.'
' This is true, but the difficulty can be met
and easily overcome. Let the capitalist
come and bring his skilled labor with him.
He can afford to pay them more here than,
where he now operates, because manufac?
turing Is more profitable here than else?
where.? Carolina Farmen
Divorce Cases at Greenville.?Three
petitions for divorce came up for hearing'
before Judge Orr ?n Friday last. Two
of the applications Were from the wives
of wicked husbands, one from the hus?
band against tho wife. The first case
was from a lady, Mrs Mary E. Cameron,
residing in Charleston, for a divorce from
j her husband, Robert Cameron, in Phila?
delphia, from Whom she was by his cruelly
\ compelled to separate several years ago ;
I he having also since the separating un?
lawfully married another woman in
[ Pennsylvania, with whom he is now living/
I The unlawful wife on application furnish?
ed an affidavit stating that the husband
represented himself as a widower; and so*
she married him in ignorance of the cx
istence of the lawful wife. Judge Orr,
alter hearing the petition anil evidence,
readily granted the order for divorce in
this case, On motion of Perry & Perry,
solicitors for the petitioner.
The other parlies all reside in this Conn'
tv. Judge Orr granted tho order of di?
vorce in the case of Mrs. Amanda C.
Lendcrmau from the husband, Francis M?
Lenderman, who, it was proved had cruel?
ly treated her and had married or taken
up with another woman. In the case o?
the petition of John W. Walker fur a di?
vorce frorti his wife. Mary .1 Walker,
on the allegation of her desertion some
six or erjiht years ago, and her violent
temper and abuse which occasioned it%
aud tho hopelessness of a reunion, tho
Judge was not satisfied that he ought to*
grant the husband a divorce,but intimated
to the counsel that ho would turfcher con
eider the case.
It aoems to us that our judges ought to?
restrict the granting of divorces to tbus
one Scriptural justification indicated by
the Judge of all tho earth, in Matthew 5:
82. Thus far the eases actually decided
by Judge Orr appear to come within that
rulo.?JSnterprise, May 26.
? Always be cool when you. I3n.d; your>
self in a hot place.