An Independent Family Journal--Devoted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence.
HOTT & CO., Proprietors.
ANDERSON, S. 0. THURSDAY, JULY 8, 1869.
VOLUME 5.-NO. |
f]f teccUatuflttis jMicIes.
What Will They Cost
A correspondent of the New York
Journal of Commerce, who lived six years
in California, and was able to familiarize
himself with the character and enterprise
of the Chinese, speaks in high terras ot
their industry und adaptability as labor?
ers. The immigration of Chinese to
California whs large in 1849, and has
been ' steadily increasing erer since.
Since the commencement of railroads and
other enterprises in the Pacific States,
immigration has been wisely encouraged, |
and Chines.? merchants have been found
ever ready to supply any number of their
VSuntrymen to perform the labor required
onx those works. As early as 1866, a
Chinese merchant named Ayuk, then do?
ing business in San Francisco, went to
Louisiana and other Southern States with j
a view to make contractu with the South-j
ern planters to furnish them laborers j
from his native country. On bis return
to New York ho expressed his opinion
that his countrymen would be more con?
tented and better satisfied to live in the
Southern States than in any others he
had visited. Tho correspondent of the
journal of Commerce also says that he is
induced to believe that Mr. F. K. Fore?
man, now beginning a lecturing tour in
tho South, is employed by the Chineso
r merchants of California, with the view ?
of promoting an extensive introduction
of intelligent, temperate, industrious,
peaceable Chinese laborers, (not coolie
serfs,) who being natives of a climate al- j
most exactly the same as that of Louis- j
iana and Mississippi, will be perfectly j
competent to perform the same task in
the sugar cane and cotton fields as was
heretofore performed by tho slaves.
No considerable quantity of cane sugar
nor of cotton has been produced by tho
labor of white men. In the South our
dependence is on negro labor, and the
rvegroes? never sufficient for all our ag?
ricultural purpose*?become less numer?
ous every day. We have nut now more
than one half of the working force that
we*had in 1860, and coolie labor is all
that we have to look to as the means ot
intjreasing the yield of cotton and rice in
tjie bottom lands and on the coast, where
white men rail nut work. Half a million
Chineso introduced into- the rich sugar,
cotton and rice fields of the South would
soon bring them back to the productive
condition of times past, when thev yield?
ed 5,387,052 bales of cotton, 45U.000
hogsheads of cane sugar, 700,000 barrels
of molasses, 200,000 casks of rice, and
180,000 hogsheads of tobacco in a single
The main question is, however, what
will the coolies rost? At this moment
we are not able to give any trustworthy
information as to rates of wages; but
something is known of the cost of trans
The New York Journal of Commerce
says that an enterprising New York mer?
chant in the China trade offers to bring
Chinese laborers in his ships and deliver
them at lliat port for S75 apiece. We
understand that his terms will be accept?
ed it he will change the point ot'delivory
to the mouth of the Atchuf'alaja River,
one hundred miles below New Orleans,
and within twenty miles of a railroad
connection with that city. Putting in
at the Atchafalaya would lengthen ihe
home voyage a number of thys, and
Would, on that account, bo a disadvan?
tage to the shipper. As the Louisiana
planters are very desirous to import
Chinese there is every prospect that a
satisfactory arrangement will be made,
if not in regular New York packets, then
in vessels chartered for the purpose. A
St. Louis paper recently stated that Chi?
namen could bo brought from California
to St. Louis for 550. The cost of taking
them to Now Orleans would be about 810.
It would pa}' handsomely to obtain them
by that route; but they could not be
contracted for on such favorable terms
round by sea. In response to the de
mand for this labor, it is probable that
competition will brim; down tho rates for
Cl ? iname between Shangahae and San
Trancisco, and that they can bo delivered
cheap enough across the Pacific Railroad
to make it pay to import them by that
route. But the voyage round the Horn
meets every present wish as to price.
It is evident, then, that tho troublo
Bome labor problem is in a fair way of be?
ing solved. The future prosperity of the
richest portions of the South depends on
the number of Chinese immigrants that
can be obtained and put into the rich
fields now overgrown with weeds and
briers. The whole seacoast and low
country of South Carolina can be made
as fair and productive a region as there is
in Christendom if wo have a legion of
Chinese laborers to supplement our negro
population. There is room for Cuffee as
well as John Chinaman; and there is
room, and fortune besides, for all tho Eu?
ropean immigrants whom wo can induce
to settle in the midst of us. Negroes
we have; Europeans wo have, though
unfortunately in ?mall numbers; Chinese
we have not. Who will be the first to
set the ball rolling by making arrange?
ments for introducing coolie6 into our
Sweet on Grant.?Charles A. Dana,
of the New York Sun, is (retting sweet
on Grant. Ho says: "Grant is to bo pit?
ied. Poor fellow, bo's like tho yellow
dog in tho menagerie??hes too small for
a lion?he don't look like a tiger, and no?
body wants to see a dog. His Cabinet
don't suit the people, his nppointments
don't please the Senate, and politicians
impose on him."
? Tho North Carolina University has
Jen trustees and seven ?tudents,
Breach of Promise?What Charles lever
Thinks About It.
Now I am fullj' persuaded that the
horsewhip and the hair-trigger were far
more effectual in suppressing these offen?
ces than trial at bar.- The redress which
can only be approached by a humiliation
and a terror is no redress at all; and if we
sounded the depth of public feeling, we
should find there is a more contemptuous
sentiment for her who has gained the
damages than for him who has paid them.
As 1 have said before, the real hero is the
defendant; he has had his "lark," and he
has paid for it. Two thousand or three,
perhaps, seem a good deal to give lor a
flirtation and a confidential correspon?
dence ; but he has shown the public ivhat
a dangerous dog he is, what a terror he
might be in a neighborhood?not to say
that he has cast a shadow over a whole
lifo, and left an undying memory of treach?
ery where he had promised fidelity and
Why will not public opinion, so unfor?
giving to the duelist, extend some of its
severity to the cases that dueling knew
bow to deal with ? or, if it will not per?
mit the pistol, why Dot measure out to
the betrayer some of that indignation it
now bestows on him who fights ? Declare
these men infamous. It is no case for a
money reparation. We have in part dis?
carded that base amende in some other
cases; let us have done with it here. De?
grade the man who breaks his pledge
when solemnly given to make a girl his
wife, from whatever station of honor or
profit he possesses, and pronounce him<
disqualified to serve the Crown. If wo?
men depend on men for their protection,
here is the case of all others that calls for
that protection. To accept these men in
socie'y, to receive them in our clubs, to
make them associates and companions, is
a shame and a disgrace on us. To shun
the sharper and the blackleg, and to k now
one of these, is an outrage on sense as
well as on decency.
In the laxity with which we treat thi3
guilt we contribute to its frequency.
?Make breach-of-promiseot-marriage as
disgraceful as cheating at play, and you
will suppress it more effectually than if
you quadrupled tho damages; or, if you
will not do this?if j-ou will maintain the
pleasant theory that courtship is a game
where the players stund on equal tei ms,
and that it is a national gain to us if the
ladies of our families learn to temper the
flow of their affection with some knowl?
edge of the law of contracts?that girls
are better fitted to become wives and
matrons, from having their minds plenti?
ful 13' armed with distrust, and prepared
to regard every man as a possible black?
guard?if, we sa}\ you desire to maintain
all this, the result will be a very ae?le
class of young ladies, which will lead to
fewer cases of brcach-of promise, but in
return give you a larger crop of suits for
divorce and separation. It is not merely
because I am an Irishman that 1 like a
little Lynch law, but I really believe
'?lynching" enlists a larger share of pub?
lic sympathy in its exercise than all other
forms ol justice; and it has two other
merits?it is both speody and inexpen?
A friend of mino. for whose opinion
and judgment I havo great deference,
tells me that in my zeal to punish these
traitors of false faith I am likely to put
down that pleasant pastime called flirta?
tion. But 1 demur to this dictum ; I'm
sure 1 never heard it alleged that the
"Universal Peace Association" decried
fireworks, and actually abjured rockets.
As for flirtation, I maintain it to be not
only an innocent, but an improving
pastime. Just as certain games with
wooden segments of countries instil no?
tions of geograpy, flirtation is "reading
made easy" of love-making; and as there
ire vast numbers of people who require
that all this instruction should be given in
some, easy and agreeable mode, this prac?
tice is by no means to be condemned.
If it were not that I intend to preach
on this text some day at more length, I
would go more freely into the matter,
now, and say what esteem and value I
feel for flirtation. I cannot imagine, be?
sides that I have, in what I have said
here, discouraged tho pructice, any more
than any man who denounces cheating at
cards should be supposed to be averse to
whist playing. What 1 uphold is, that
the game should bo played loyally. There
is a great deal of sparring with the gloves
on, and very pretty sparring too; but it
is well to remember that when people
mean to be in earnest thoy show it openly
and palpably. Now in "flirtation proper"
the gloves uro always on, and, even if some
smart taps are delivered, they seldom
leave a mark. And all I have said here
is directed to those who, after throwing
tho gloves aside, inflict heavy wounds,
but aro always ready to Bay : "I'm s ire I
never mean, it; I fancied it was only play.
As for my part, I never intended to be
? Deacon B?, of Ohio, a very pious
man, was noted for his long prayers
especially in his family. One Monday
morning tho Deacon and his wife were
alone, and', as was his custom, after break?
fast a prayer was offered, i here being
an unusal amount of work that day, the
Deacon's prayer was short, and seizing
his hat and milk pail, he started for the
barn. His wife, being deaf, did not notice
his absence, but supposed him to be still
engaged in prayer. Oh hia return from
milking he was surprised to find her still
kneeling. Ho stopped up to her and
shouted 'Amen,' when she immediately
arose and wont about her work as if
nothing had happened.
? In Wisconsin, lately, two children
were bitten by mad dogs, to ease them
of their sufferings, one was smothered in
a foathor bed and the other bled to death.
Arrest of State Constable Hubbard in Au
At a late hour on Saturday night, saj-s
the Augusta Constitutionalist, the State
Constable Hubbard, of South Carolina,
who has plcyed such a prominent part in
the arrest and imprisonment of citizens
of South Carolina upon the most unwar?
rantable pretexts in many cases, was him?
self shorn of that liberty of which he has
taken such special pleasure in depriving
others. He was arrested upon a warrant
issued by Justice Ells, on (he 12th inst,
at the instance ef Wm. E. Flint, of Ham?
burg, charging Hubbard with tho offence
of false imprisonment.
The prosecution is based upon tho al?
leged illegality of Hubbard's action, in
March last, in confining the defendant in
a room at the Globe Hotel in this city, af?
ter effecting his arrest at Hamburg, with?
out the necessary legal warrant and au?
thority to hold him as a prisoner in Geor?
gia. The plaintiff was arrested by Hub?
bard, in march last, at Hamburg, togeth?
er with the Messrs. Key, Cunningham,
and Pleasant Sharpton, in connection
with the shooting of District Constable
Kennedy. These gentlemen, it will be re?
membered, were taken to Columbia and
imprisoned, and thence to Edgefield Court
House, where they were required to give
additional bail for their appearance at
trial, notwithstanding they, or at least
tho principals in the shooting affair, had
previously executed bond for their appear?
ance at Edgefield Court.
Yesterday morning, Pleasant Sharp ton,
also brought to this city, and held in du?
rance at the Globe Hotel by Hubbard, to?
gether with Flint, also sued out a war?
rant before Justice Ells, embodying the
same charge as that contained in the first
As a ''fellow feeling makes us wonder
ous kind," the '-Senator" of Edgefield, Ar
niin, and other sympathizers, have been
applying themselves with peculiar zeal
in behalt of the release of Hubbard. The
wires have trembled with communications
to Governor Scott, concerning the compli?
cations which threatened his Chief Con?
stable, and it is said that his Excellency
gave his protecting assurance, authorizing
an endorsement of Hubbard's bond for
?2,0(JU, if necessary, and ho wculd be re?
Hubbard was betoro Justico Ells, yes?
terday morning, represented by J. P.
Carr, Esq. Tho prosecution was repre?
sented by J. C. C. Black, Esq. The defen?
dant was held to bail in tho sum of one
thousand dollars in each case, for his ap?
pearance here on Monday next, for a pre?
liminary examination. The bonds were
properly executed, and Hubbard released
iroin arrest yesterday alternoon.
The Chronicle and Sentinel ot the same
day, in noticing the arrest, says :
It may not be known that Hubbard
was once ati actor in the most cruel and
wicked tragedy which has ever disgraced
the annals of a civilized country?the ju?
dicial murder of Mrs. Surra It for a crime
of which she has been proved to have
been totally innocent, yet we are informed
that Hubbard has boasted to one of his
prisoners the part he played in that event.
He is reported to have said that he was
employed by the United St.ates Govern-^
ment as a detective at the timo of the
trial, and visiting in disguise the cell of
the unfortunate woman, he was enabled
to worm enough out of her to appear be?
fore the tribunal as a witness. He is al?
so said to have declared that after the ex?
ecution took place ho cut the rope from
which the body was suspended, and still
has the knife with which he did it in his
possession. If this tale be true, he must
be a most abandoned monster, aud one is
ready to believe any charge which may
bo made against the man, who could act
this base part in tho murder of au inno?
Sleep.?Though we are well acquaint?
ed with the phenomenon of sleep, it is a
aingularlj' strange ono. Supposo we had
never seen a sleeping creature wo should
scarcely have believed that such a thing
as sleep was possible. We should have
deemed it absurd to think of life being re
duced to a condition of apparent lifeless
ness; of consciousness itself being render?
ed unconscious, and yet havo the power to
return to perception after the short 6paco
of six or seven hours, not knowing, ex?
cept by the clock, that it had actually
been both unperceiving and unconscious
for such a length ot time. That man,
full as he is of spirit, life and energy,
should lio down motionless like a stone,
and become for a time blind, deaf, and
dumb?that he should bo shut out whol?
ly from the impressions of tho outer
world lor half a dozen hours, as if away
on an errand to somo other quarter of tho
universe, and yet be capable of being call?
ed back in a second of timo by a touch of
the arm or a shout into the ear?is a mys?
tery, yet is none tho less a lact. It has
perplexed the minds of the greatest think?
ers ; and Pyrrho, the ancient skeptic, af?
ter having exhausted his brain in trying
to understand it, at length declared ho
did not know which was the real human
life?the sleeping or the waking. "Do
we," he asked "dream during the night
what we have experienced during the
day? Or do we during the day dream
about what wo have experienced during
tho night?"?Sunday Magazine.
? An Irishman, who saw a train ap?
proaching, said : "Faith and bo jabbers,
that same is the stame boat on dhry land,
huntin' for wator."
? There uro one hundred and twenty
five persons in the Mississippi penitentia
rv serving out sentences imposed by
? A Catholic priest has married in
Circleville, Ohio. He was promptly ex?
"Whom Do Great Men Marry.
Women of course. But they show the
same diversity of taste that is shown in
the lower ranks, and, on the whole, m: ke
worse mistakes. They, however, gener?
ally show the same sense in choosing
wives that they show in managing other
peoples affairs, whether it be good or it
Eobcrt Burns married a farm girl with
whom he fell in love while they worked
together in the plow field. He, loo, was
irregular in his life, and committed the
most serious mistakes in conducting his
i Milton married tho daughter of a coun?
try squire, but lived together but a short
time. He was an austere, exacting lite?
rary recluse, while sho was a rosy, romp?
ing country lass that could not endure
tho restraint imposed upon her, so they
seporated. Subsequently, however, she
returned, and they lived tolerably happy.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were
cousins, and about tho only example in a
long line of English monarchs wherein
the marital vows were sacredly observed
and sincere affection existed.
Shakspeare loved and wedded a fa rmer's
daughter. She was faithful to her vows,
but we could hardly say the same for the
great bard himself. Like most of the
great poets, he showed too little discrimi?
nation in bestowing his affection on the
Byron married Miss Milbank to gel
money to pay his debts. It turned out a
Benjamin Franklin married the girl
who stood in her father's door and augh
ed at him as he wandered through the
streets of Philadelphia with rolls of dir?
ty cloths under his arms and his pockets
filled with bread, the had occasion to bo
happy when she found herself the wife of
such u great and good man.
Washington married a widow with
two children. It is enough to say of her
that sho was worthy of him, and that
they lived as married folks should, in per?
John Adams married the daughter of a
Presbyterian clergyman. Her father
objected on account of John being a law?
yer; he had a bad opinion of the inorais
of the profession.
Thomas Jefferson married Mrs. Martha
Shelton, a childless widow, but she
brought him a large fortune in rcul es?
tate. After the ceremony sho mounted
the horse behind him, and they rode
homo together. It was late in the even?
ing, and they found tho tire out. But
the great statesman bustled around, re?
built it, while she seized the broom and
soon put things in order. It is needless
to say that they were happy, though
Jefferson died a pool* man, on account of
his extreme liberality and hospitality.
John Howard, the great philanthropist,
married his nurse. She was altogether
beneath him in social life and intellectual
capacity, and, besides this, was fifty-two
years old while ho was but twenty-five.
He would not take "No," for an answer,
und the}r were married, and they lived
happily together until her death, which
occurred two years alter ward.
Peter.the Great, of .Russia, married a
peasant girl. She made an excellent wife
and a sagacious empress.
Humboldt married a poor girl because
he loved her. Of course they felt good
It is not generally known that Andrew
Jackson married a lady whose husband
was still living. She was an uneducated
but amiable woman, and was most devo?
tedly attached to the old warrior and
John C. Calhoun married his cousin
and their children fortunately were neith?
er diseased noi idiotic, but they do not
evince the talent of tho great "Stale
Edward Lytton Buhver, tho English
statesman and novelist, married a girl
much his inferior in position, and got a
shrew for a wife. She is now insane.
Rumored Coalition.?The Washing?
ton correspondent of tho Chicago Tribune
has filled the radical camp with conster?
nation by announcing, on the authority
of Senator Ross, of Kansas, that a coali?
tion has been entered into between ex
President Johnsou and Parson Brown
low, by which Johnson is to aid Brown
low in electing Sentcr Governor of Ten?
nessee, and Brownlow, Senter. and their
friends are in turn to secure Johnson's
election to the Senate of the United States.
Wo have no idea that there is a word of
truth in the story. Johnson undoubted?
ly prefers the election of Senter to that
of Stokes, bat ho is incapable of making
a corrupt political bargain with any one,
and incapable of making any bargain
whatever with Brownlow, whom he hear?
The Radicals exhibit great alarm at the
idea of ex-President Johnson's going to
the Senate. A seat in that body is the
exact situation that ho should occupy,
and we fully believe that ho will be elect?
ed at the first opportunity, though not in
pursuance of any political bargain. As
a member of the Senate, he would be a
terror to the Radical party. Among the
Radical Senators he would not encounter
his peer, and his political friends would
rejoice to see him squaring accounts that
have long boen in arrears.?Louisville
? At a country town in Iv'ew Jersy, a
little boy, who was jumping about and
bawling loudly, was asked why ho wept.
Tho following reply touched all hearts:
"1 want my mammy; that's what's tho
matter. I told the darn thing she'd lose
? The Southern Methodist Church has
503,506 white and 02,085 colored mem
A Conversation with Herr Lengel, the Lion
HIS WOUND AND WOUNDS AND HIS EXPEKI
EIENCE WITH LIONESSES.
We very much doubt if there is a man,
woman or child in the United Stales,
where a circus lias been, that has not
heard of Herr Lengel, the lion tamer?all
of whom will read with interest the state?
ments below, gleaned from a conversation
held with him yesterday afternoon at the
Pavilion Hotel, where he lays nursing a
leg badly bitten by a lioness in April last.
HIS CIRCUS EXPERIENCE.
We found Mr. Lengel lying down read?
ing, not suffering much, but very restless.
He is apparently about thirty-two or
thirty-three years of age, but is really ten
years older. He told us that he is a na?
tive of Philadelphia, and has been engag?
ed in the lion taming basinessfor eighteen
years, during which time he has served
in the circussesof J. M. June,S. B. Howe,
Phineas T. Barnum, Haight & Chambers,
Van Amburgh, Raymond & Co., Castello
and Ames, the latter of which he is with
Juno is dead. Howe and Barnum have
quit the business, Haight & Chambers
failed in Texas, two years ago. Haight
and Castello are now ''showing" in Cali?
HIS EXPERIENCE WITH LIONS.
In answer to a question as to his man?
ner of taming lions, he replied at length,
saj'iug that "it was a gift of nature" with
him. I have no fear of them. People
tell me every time I get a wound that it
ought to be a warning to me, and should
make me fear to go in the cage again.
But it does not. When I am away from
the lions I get homesick, and when I can
go where they are and my wounds pre?
vent me from going into the cage, I get
more homesick still. 1 never met any
lions I could not tame. Three years ago,
I tamed five in New York, which, while
in Europe had killed one man and badly
mangled another, who attempted to tamo
them. In three weeks after they were
put in my charge, they were as tame as I
wished though before they were consid?
ered untamable. I very seldom use force
in taming them, but sometimes it becomes
necessary?kindness is my usual plan ; I
am always careful to keep ray eye upon
Every ono who has eeen ' The lion
tamer" leaving the cage after bis feat of
laying down among tho lions, putting his
feet on their heads, feeding them, and fir?
ing off pistols, has doubtless noticed how
careful he was?slopping out backwards
very deliberately, and watching closely
tho beasts which always advanced upon
him. In speaking of this, he said : "If I
did not keep my eye upon them they
would jump at me. They have sense
enough to know that I am retreating
from them, and they gain courage; there
is more danger to me at this timo than at
any other. It the lions were at liberty. 1
would fear to go near them. Some peo?
ple think that a lion born in America is
more docile, partaking less of the savage
nature of the brute, than one born in
Africa or Asia. Not so. I would rather
have to tame a litter born in either of the
last two mentioned places than a litter
bron in this country?the latter are more
dangerous and hss easily tamed.
Mr. Lengel has been bitten a number
of times by lions, lionesses wo should
have said, as the males have never done
so; the lionesses, said he, "are more
treacherous and deceitful than the lions."
Ho has been slightly scratched an almost
innumerable number of times. He has
never had to lay up but twice from his
wounds. The description of the wounds
and the places where he received them
are mentioned below.
The first wound was a bite in the left
leg, in Western Pennsylvania, while with
The second was received while with S. B
Howe & Co. in Augusta, Ga., being severly
bitten in the lefthand. This wound caus?
ed him to lose the use ot his middle fin?
The third was inflicted at Little Rock,
Ark., by a lioness in Howe & Castello's
Circus. This time two fingers of the right
hand were mangled. He has full use of
The fourth was rccoived while in Madi?
son Indiana, last summer. The lioness
seized him by the right leg, driving her
teeth into the calf of his leg until they
The fifth was received last April in New
Orleans. The animal seized him by the
left leg, ii.serting one tooth of the lower
jaw an inch and a half into tho calf, and
a tooth of the upper jaw the same depth
into tho upper side of the knee joint. Mr.
Lengel was confined to his bed a while,
but when the circus moved he came along,
and gave two exhibitions, one in Augusta
and one in Savannah, the latter of which
he says is a paradiso for a circus. On
coming here he made arrangements to
perform last Wednesdaj', but his leg pain?
ing him, he consulted Dr. F.M. Robertson,
who ordered him to bed at once, telling
him that the bono of the leg was injurod.
This order was obeyed, and Mr. L. still
remains in bed. He is able, however, to
travel about the room occasionally.
It is somewhat of a coincidence that
Dr. Robertson has attendod his patient on
two other occasions at the Pavilion Ho?
tel for wounds received from lionesses?
all of the wounds being upon the left side
of the bod}'.
Herr Lengel does not think he was bit
ton but once intentionally. He says the
lionesses when together never meet, but
thoy snarl and snap at each other?two
of them never live peacefully in the same
cage?and states that it is bis opinion
that with the exception mentioned, when
r- ? ?
he aggravated one beyond endurance, heT
was in the way, and was bitten for one
of the lionesses. He has the teeth and
claws of the lioness which he thinks bit
him purposely. The teeth are an inch
and a half long, with a root about two
and a half inches in length. If the teeth
were driven in flesh up to the gums a>
large sized peach stone could be planted
in the hole. The claws, which the ani?
mal like the cat, keeps unexposed till
wanted, are formidable looking objects.
We do not now doubt, as we onco did the
assertions of travellers, that one blow from
a lion's paw would kill a man or tear oat
great masses of flesh. Herr Lengel says
he fears their claws more than their teeth
?that thev generally strike before they
Herr Lengel will have to remain here
about ten days longer, after which it
is probable he will be able to rejoin his
Payne, the Attempted Assasik op Ma.
Sew ard.?The Washington correspondent
of the Chicago Tribune, writes to that pa
per as follows:
Some time ago a friend introduced me
to Frederick Stone, of Port Tobacco,
(Indian, Potopaca.) on the Lower Poto?
mac, who was counsel to Dr. Mudd, lhe>
surgeon of John Wilkes Booth. Stone is
now a member of Congress from the Fifth
District of Maryland, and is a modest,,
semi-literary lawyer. He went in his
professional capacity to see Payne, or
Powell, the attempted assassin of William
H. Seward, and returned to my introdu?
cer with this statement:
'?That fellow is the most extraordinary
and irredeemable ruffian in Christendom.
He is built like a gigantic savage, has no
idea of fear, possesses no sensibilities, and
wants to die with promptitude.
"He said to me: '?! don't want a trial
I deserve to be hanged, and I expected it.
1 don't want to be led out into court ev?
ery day, with chains on my legs, and a
daily hurrah. I meant to kill that old
Seward, and how I failed I can't imagine.
I believe I was right in trying to kill him,
and all I regret is that I didn't kill bim.
First I went at him with my knife and
then with my pistol butt. If I had pos?
sessed anything elte, I should have fin?
Stone asked him the extent and naturo
of the conspiracy.
"It was a plan to carry off Lincoln and"
five him up to the Confederates," said
ayne; "but when that failed, Booth, who
was the only one in earnest, proposed to
kill Lincoln and all the Cabinet. All the
rest backed out and scattered like a lot of
beggars. We never heard of Surratt or1
Arnold, or any of them again. I told'
Booth that I would go in with bim, and1
he preferred to kill Lincoln, while I was
j set upon Soward. If Atzerodt or Harold
were in the matter, they ivere mero
hangers-on. I deserve to be killed, andt
so does Booth. The rest wore womom
The Trials of Editors and Publish?
ers.?At a meeting of the Iowa "State
Press Association," an address was de*
livered?and a very sensible one. too?by
one of its members, from which vre make
the following extract:
"In speaking of the revenue of the
press, I cannot refrain from expressing
my views on tho subject of freo advertise?
ments. There is always to be found in
every considerable community a set of
men who imagine by some dispensation,,
they ought not, like other mortals, to*pay
tor what they receive. Editors have ex?
traordinary facilities for making their ac?
quaintance, and are very kindly per?
mitted to contribute gifts to their support.
In what other branch of business would
this be tolerated ? Allow that one has put
the press under some obligation, does he
not generally expect to get back more.'
than the worth of his services-?.
"It ? man does an.editor a favor of ?.
remarkable value, let him have his remu?
neration, cash. ,
"On the other hand require him to pay
for what the pj.per has done for him. It
is as reasonable to expect a carpenter to*
shingle your house a*id the tailor to make
your clothes without charge, as to pie
pare and publish matter for another'*
benefit withouteompei.sation. Longobit
uaries, marriages ornamented by extracts
from all the poets, and lengthy puffs of*
some one's corner lots or improvements,
come ander this class of advertisements.
This custom of gratuitous notices andl
advertisements from any quarter ought
to cease, lor the reason that it.
would be a benefit to tho editors' pockets*
and would in tsome degree abate an al?
most intolerable nuisance. The editor's
path has more thorns than roses, and
there Is no law, human or divine that
shoo Id oblige him to shoulder the burdens,
of those who are too lazy or stingy to
take care of themselves. People will
come to terms where they find their in?
terests are involved in a reasonable com?
? A good anecdote is told of a house
painter's son, who used the brush very
dexterously, but had acquired tho habit
of putting it on too thick. One day his
father after having frequently scolded
him for his lavish daubing, and all to no
purpose, gave him a severo flagellation.
"There, yon young rascal," after perform?
ing the painful duty, "how do you like
that?" '-Well, I don't know, dad,"
whined the boy, "but it seems to me that
von pot it on a great deal thicker than 1^
did." V J
? On some railroads it is oustoraary to
have a look on tho stove to prevent the
passengers from meddling with the fire.
A conductor being asked why thoy look?
ed the stove, replied that "it waj to pre?
vent the fire from going oat."
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