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An Independent Family Journal?Devoted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence.
HOTT & CO., Proprietors.
ANDERSON, S. C THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1870.
VOLUME 5.---NO. M
List of Acts and Joint Resolutions Passed j
by the Legislature at its late Session, |
_An Act to regulate tbe tormation of
?n Act to* amend an Act entitled "An
Act providing for tbe assessment and taxa?
tion of property."
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to amond the Jaw in relation to re?
cording moriigages, and to regulate the
An Act to determine tbemannerof col?
lecting taxes past doe, assessed under the
late Provisional and Military Government
An Act to provide for the payment of
the interest of the bonds and stocks of
this State in coin.
. ^ri Act to incorporate the Claflin Uni
An Act to amend an Act to provide for
tn'?i enumeration of the inhabitants of this
'"lAtf 'Act to renew tbe charter of the
Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society.
An Act to incorporate the Ashly Bridge
Ah Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act "to authorize the Governor to appoint
a physician to ^attend, on -the jail in
Charleston and the Magazine Guard, in
St. Philip's Parish,; and for other purposes
therein mentioned." ??.
^jjAaAct to prevent and punish, bribery
An Act to make appropriation for the
per diem and mileage of the General As?
sembly and the salaries ot the subordi?
nate "officers, and other expenses i neiden l
? An Act to better protect holdere of in?
surance policies in this State. "
An Act in relation to the Register of
Heansr??nveyance for the county ot
Charleston, and to fix the tenure Of Wm.
J. McKinlay, elected thereto. ??'?
Joint Resolution relative to the ex?
change of: public documents.
An Act to supplement the Act entitled
"an-A-et to incorporate the South Carolina
I^fp^ojfrempnt and Trust Company."
Joint Resolution directing the State
Auditor and County Commissioners to
An Act consenting to the sale of certain
lands of the United States, and ceding ju?
An Act to authorize administrators, ex?
ecutors and other fiduciaries to sell cer?
tain evidences of indebtedness at public
sale. 2.U& to compromise in certain cases.
?*i#4int-resolution authorizing the Coun?
ty Commissioners of Willianisburg Coun?
ty to levy a special tax.
Joint resolution authorizing the ap?
pointment of.. fish Commissioners, aud
defining the duties thereof.
Joint resolution to direct the County
Commissioners of- Charleston Count}' to
examine and report to tho Attorney-Gen?
eral concerning ike iaods belonging to Ike
An Act to repeal anJAct entitled "An
Act to organize townships, aud to define
thoir powers and privileges."
"ij&in Act to protect the rights of persons
lawfully in possession of lands and ten
An Act to incorporate the Policy Hold?
ers' Life, and Tontiue Assurance Company
of the South. .
An Act to establish a company under
the name of the Mount Pleasant and Sul?
livan^ Island Ferry Company.
An Act to incorporate the Tigilant
Fire Engine Company, of Columbia.
An Act to incorporate the Waterce Fire
Engine Company, No. 2, of Cam den.
? An Act to incorporate the VVinnsboro
Hook and Ladder. Company of the town
An Act to recharterBlythe's Gap Turn?
An Act to carry into effect the provis?
ions of the Constitution in relation to the
rights of married women.
An Act to incorporate tho Deutscher
Artillerie Unterstutzungs Verein.
An Act to designate the officers by
whom sales ordered by the Courts of
CommbnTIeas, and Judges thereof, and
of the Courts of Probate, shall be made,
and lor other purposes.'" *
An Act to incorporate the African
Methodist Episcopal Church in this State,
An Act to alter and amend an Act en?
titled "An Act concerning the office, du?
ties and liabilities of Coroners."
An Act to incorporate the Sisters of
of Odr Xiady of Mercy, of South Caroli?
An Act to incorporate the Charleston
An Act to incorporate tho Winnsboro
Baptist Church, of Fairfield County.
An Act to amend the charter of tho
Georgetown Railroad Company, and the
several Acts amendatory of the same.
An Act to grant and give the consent
of the Legislature of this State to tho
conveyance to the United States of the
lot of land situate on Richardson and
Laural streets, in the City, of Columbia,
hereinafter described, for the purpose of
? Postoffice and Court House, or for other
purposes, and to cede to tbe United States
An Act to authorize the Governor to
remove County Auditors, Treasurers,
arid'other officers by him appointed.
Joint resolution to authorize the State
Treasurer to issue a ronewal of six per
cent. State stock to tho executor of tho
estate of Maria Brisbane, or to her legal
Joint resolution to extend the time in
?which the claims of teachers for services
rendered during the year commencing
October 31, 1867, shall be presented for
An Act to vest in Toney Stafford the
charter of a ferry from Dill's Bluff, on
James' Island, to the City of Charleston, j
An Act to incorporate tho Heston Fire
Engine Company, of Georgetown, South
Joint resolution authorizing the Treas?
urer to advance six thousand dollars per
month to the Superintendent of the Pen
teritiary of South Carolina,
An Act tor the better protection of mi?
An Act to incorporate the DeLaney
Kifle Company, of Charleston, South Car?
An Act to provide for the appoint?
ment of certain officers therein named.
An Act to incorporate the Columbia Oil
An Act to regulate the rights and pow?
ers of Railroad Companies.
Joint .Resolution authorizing tho State
Treasurer to re-issue certificates of State
stock to Wm. Dougherty.
An 'Act to prbvide for a general election
of County officers.
An Act to incorporate the Independent
Elliot Hook and Ladder Company, No, 1,
of Orangeburg, South Carolina.
An Act to secure equal civil rights, and
to provide for the enjoyment of all reme?
dies in law by all persons, regardless of
race or color.
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to empower Circuit Judges to change
the venue for the trial oi actions, both
civil and criminal."
Xn Act to incorporate the Sumter Man?
An Act to establish and maintain a sys?
tem of free common schools lor the State
of South Carolina,
An Act to authorize tho County Com?
missioners of Darlington County to levy
a special tax for the construction of a
An Act to authorize the County Com?
missioners of Colleton and Spartan burg
Counties to levy an additional tax to pay
the indebtedness of their respective coun?
ties, and for. other purposes therein men?
An Act to incorporate the Grove Sta?
tion Bridge Company.
An Act to amend tho charter of the
G rani let i lie Manufacturing Company.
An Act to regulate the publication of
legal and public notices.
An Act to incorporate the Unity and
Friendship Society of Charleston, and to
confer oar tain powers thereon.
An A.ct to establish the weight of a
barrel of crude turpentine.
An Act to incorporate the Wido Awake
Fire Engine Company, of Surapter, South
Joint resolution to authorize tho Socre
rotary of State to purchase one hundred
copies of Richardson's 15th Volume of
Law Reports,.and one hundred copies of
Richardson's 14tb Volume of Equity Re?
An Act to incorporate, as a public
highway, the road known as Cox Bridge
An Act to establish a Ferry across the
Waecamiiw River, Horry County, and to
vest the same En J. J. Reaves, Iiis heirs
An Act to sell a certain lot of land to
the Zion Baptist Church, of Columbia.
An Act to provide for the payment of
claims of teachers for services rendered
during the fiscal year commencing No?
vember 1st, A. D., 1868, and ending Octo
ber 31st, A. D., 1869.
An Act to authorize the formation of a
company for the construction of a turn?
pike road through or near Sassafras Gap,
and known as Sassafras Gap Turnpike
An Act to alter and amend the char?
ter and extend tho limits of the city of
Joint resolution to change tho name of
Alexander Henry Riley to Alexander
Henry Buchanan. .,:
An Act to determine the time when the
salaries of the County School Commis?
sioners shall commence, and to fix the
date of the first meeting of the State
Board of Education.
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to incorporate the Charleston Board
An Act to charter tho Manchester and
Augusta Railroad Company.
An Act to grant, renew and amend tho
charters of certain towns and villages
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to fix the salary and regulate the pay
of certain officers."
An Act to recbartcrRantowle's Bridge.
An Act to provido for the formation of
Religious, Charitable and Educational As?
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to authorize the sale of the Columbia
An Act to grant to certain persons
therein named, and their associates, tho
right to dig and mine in the beds of tho
navigable streams and waters of the State
of South Carolina, for phosphate rocks
and phosphate deposits.
An Act authorizing tho State Treasu?
rer to rc-issue to Martha H. Pyattand A.
H. Abrahams certain certificates of State
stock, lost or destroyed.
Whittem ore's Re-Election.?Radical
correspondents say that Whittemore has
been promised money enough to go back
to South Carolina and secure his re-elec?
tion. We have no doubt of it, but we
greatly doubt if money will secure his re?
election unless ballot-8tuffcrs are secured.
It is within our knowledge that there is
in possession of a gentleman of South
Carolina a very damaging confession of
Whittemore, which hitherto has been
withheld from personal obligations. We
hope, if the Reverend capet-bagger eject,
attempt* to run in the same district, it will
be given to the public. We nee no reason
why it should be withheld longer after the
cadetship affair.?Augusta Chronicle and
? Bo contented with your lot, especial?
ly at a public auction.
Veto Hessage of Gor. Scott.
Executive Depab.tment, 1
Colombia, March 1,1870. j
To the Senate of South Carolina:
Gentlemen of the Senate?I respect?
fully return to your honorable body, in
which it originated, an Act to grant to
certain persons therein named, and asso?
ciates, the right to dig and mine in the
beds of the navigable streams and waters
of the State of South Carolina for phos?
phate rocks and phosphatic deposits, with?
out my signaturo, with my reasons there?
DiveptGu of its verbiage and circumlo
cntion, this Act proposes a naked grant
by the State to a few individuals,of a
most valuable franchise, estimated as
worth many millions of dolhm., the con?
sideration for which is a contingent one,
and may easily bo evaded altogether.
Upon examination it will be found that
there is not a single guarantee or stipula?
tion that the corporators will atany time
remove one solitary ton of phosphate de?
posits, or phosphate rocks from tho beds
of the navigable streams and waters of
the State, and consequently they could
not be required to pay one cent into the
Treasury; while, by the privilege con?
ferred upon them, they could prevent all
other persons from doing so, thus depriv?
ing the State of a large amount of reve?
nue, and the country of the advantages of
the vast deposits of fertilizing materials
so essential to the development of our ag?
ricultural resources. That there is strong
teptation to such a policy, will be admit?
ted when it is recollected that several of
the leading corporators in this Act
have already large investments in phos?
phates, by the purchase and lease of lands
containing phosphate deposits, and the
erection of buildings and machinery for
their preparation, which would be greatly
diminished in value if the immense quan?
tities of these submarine deposits were
brought into competition with them. Tho
interests of the corporators would be as
completely subserved by permitting or
compelling them to remain idle and unde?
veloped, instead of incurring additional
expenso in working them, and by bring?
ing more of the material into the market,
endanger the stability of the present
highly remunerative prices of fertilizers.
Such a policy has already had an illustra?
tion in this State, in an almost parallel
case, in which a company from one of tho
Northern cities acquired the exclusive
right to mino an extensive deposit of
manganese on the Dorn estate in Abbe?
ville and Edgcficld Counties, the condi?
tion of which grant was, that they would
pay a valuablo consideration for every
ton of tho material mined and removed ;
but the lessees were the proprietors of
another mino, in one of tho Northern
States, the product of which was abun?
dant!}' ample lor the supply of the mar?
ket at existing prices, and of course thero
was no necessity of availing themselves
of their South Carolina resources, which
could only endanger existing prices and
profits; and having secured their object
in obtaining tho control of-the deposit,
and thus preventing competition from
that sourco, the mines were permitted to
remain idle, not a ton of manganese was
removed, and not a dollar of revenue was
received by the owners of this valuable
property. The Act under consideration
is so incautiously drawn as to afford am?
ple room for another illustration of the
danger of conferring privileges without
adequate provisions to secure a compli?
ance in good faith with promised equiva?
lents. Certainly it is the more necessary
in tho present case, where the property
is so immensely valuable to the State, and
its development so essential to the suc?
cess of its finances, and to tho prosperity
of its agricultural interests. The temp?
tation to restrict the supply of fertilizing
materials to such proportions as will en?
able those who now havo tho control of
them to command their own valuation, is
almost irresistible, especially when it is
recollected how much more desirable, as
well ts profitable, it is to derive high
prices from moderate sales, than to be |
compelled to take moderate prices, how?
ever abundant may be the sales. The in?
terest of those who produce the material,
and those of the consumers of it, as well
as those of the community, are therefore
antagonistic, and it is neither the part of
patriotism or sound policy to throw the
weight of government influence, or gov?
ernment patronage, in tho scale of the
first named. There is little doubt that a
fair competition in the production of tho
phosphates would reduco the price of fer?
tilizers from sixty and sixty-five dollars
per ton, as at present, to thirty-five or
forty dollars, which would afford an abun?
dant profit to the manufacturer and ren?
der essential relief to the farmers of tho
State by enabling them to competo, on
their impoverished soils, with those of
more favored sections.
Tho exclusive nature of the grant is al?
so objectionable. I am aware that the
word "oxclusive" was stricken from the
bill during its consideration, by which it
was proposed to divest it of tho odium of
being a monopoly, but this was counter?
acted by tho defeat of othor bills, which
proposed to throw tho business open to
competition, and ospeciallj' to individual
competitors, who would comply with tho
The defeat ol these bills was, in my
opinion, unfortunate, and loft tho corpo?
rators under tho present act, as the only
persons authorized to dig and mine for
phosphates in tho navigable streams and
waters of tho State. All others must be
considered trespassers, liablo to arrest,
and punishable b}' fine and imprisonment.
And if tho State has the right to confer
this grant, it may be called upon by the
grantees to protect them in tho excrciso
of iin privileges by the removal and pun?
ishment of intruders, a duty which, from
the large extent Of territory embraced
by tho grant, and the temptations and fa?
cilities for its violation, would involve tho
State in a heavy expense, and extensive
The hundreds of poor men now ongng
ed in the business, and who are willing to
pay for tho privilege, must cease their oc?
cupation, and dispose of their boats and
raits, in which they had invested their
humble earnings, while, perhaps, a dog-in
the-manger policy may be pursued by
their triumphant rivals, by neither work?
ing tho deposits themselves, or permitting
others to do so. The exclusive right to
exercise powers so subversive of individ?
ual interest, and which may be perverted
to measures inimical to tho general weal,
cannot be considered other than a mo?
nopoly, and one of the most dangerous
character, the conferring of which can?
not be justified except by showing that
tho objects contemplated could not bo ac?
complished in any other manner, which
is far from being the case in the present
For these reasons, I have deemed it my
duty to withhold my assent to the Act,
and rospectfully return it to your honor?
able body. Very Respectfully,
Robert K. Scott, Governor.
-? , .
Washington, March 2.
The Committee on Printing have com?
menced investigating the charges against
the public printer, Clapp.
Butler will press the Georgia bill as
soon ?stho Indi?n appropriations are over.
Bullock addressed tho Senate Judiciary
Committee this morning.
The President has nominated Charles
H. Lewis, of Virginia, as resident minis?
ter to Portugal.
Among the confirmations by tho Sen?
ate, are Charles H. Prince, postmaster at
Augusta, Georgia, and Thomas F, Wil?
son, consul at Matamoras.
On Monday while tbe Senate was in
executive session, on motion of Sumner,
the doors were opened for a moment, and
during this unnoticed session of about a
minute, he entered a motion to recon?
sider tho vote on the passage of the so
called Omnibus Disability bill, and that
motion is still pending. Tho motive as?
signed for this action is to reach the case
of Senator Clingmnn, who is among the
number whose disabilities aro to be re?
moved by the bill.
Whittemore says that his friends in
South Carolina have arranged forascries
of meetings in his district, to be address?
ed by him in vindication of his conduct
in the disposal of tho cadetships. His
object is to arrange for his re-election to
The Sonate, in executive session, post?
poned to 21st instant tho nomination of
Bradley, as associate justice of the Su?
preme Court, by a voto of 30 against 26.
This gives time for the passage of
tho new law granting Louisiana, Texas
and Mississippi a judge resident in that
district. Kellogg took a prominent part
in defeating the confirmation.
In the Senate, a resolution was intro?
duced and laid over for futuro considera?
tion requiring the President to communi?
cate whether any measures had been
taken to suppress the slave trafic on the
const of Africa. lc
The Funding bill was discussed, and
Sumner read a long printed speech dis?
senting from the views of the Finance
Committee in regard to the nature of
tho bond in which the debt should be
Washington, March 3.
In tho Houso, the Committee of Ways
and Means was directed to inquire into
the expediency of exempting brick-ma?
kers from the manufacture tax, and ex?
empting from the revenue tax persons
quarrying blue stone. A resolution was
introduced favoring a heavy tax reduc?
tion on fruit brandy. Tho air line rail?
road, hence to New York, after a strug?
gle, was postponed. Tho tariff bill, after
a contest between Butler and Schenck,
was taken up. Brooks and Howc\>
speeches were much praised.
Butler offered the Georgia bill as a
Farnsworth said Butler was unauthor?
ized by the Reconstruction Committee to
make a report.
Tho Speaker said the difference between
the gentlemon was a point of veracity,
not of order. Butler said " 1 am respon?
Tho Speaker said ho must recognizo
Butler refused to bo catechised by his
colleague, when a squabblo ensued aud
the House adjourned.
The Sonate is considering the Judicia?
ry bill, on tho amendment requiring As?
sociate Justices to reside within their re?
spective circuits. Tho Election Commit?
tee voto 7 to 5 against seating Segar as
Representative at large from Virginia.
Stevenson and B?rdet report in favor of
continuing Sheldon in his scat. Korr re
ports in lavor ot ousting Sheldon and
seating Hunt. Theso reports go direct
ly to tho House, without manipulation.
In the Senate, the bill changing the
United States Suprome Court Circuits
was considered. Willey offered an amend?
ment to dispenso with the requirement
that a Judge shall bo a resident of the
circuit for which be is appointed. He
urged that the President should be allow?
ed lo make his selections from tho nation
at large, and not bo limited to localities;
whereas in Southern circuits it might be
difficult to find a man whose loyalty was
of such character as to warrant his eleva?
tion to tho Supreme Bench. Davis de?
nied tho right of Congress to interfere.
A resolution calling for the namos of
the States that had ratified the fifteenth
amendment, was adoptod.
The funding bill was considered, and
without action, adjourned.
The Government now holds 9100,000,
000 in bonds, subject to the sinking fund
and the wishes of Congress.
Judge Busteed, of Alabama, departs
to-morrow, to'open the regular term of
The Territorial Committee reported
unanimously in favor of the confirmation
of Dr. Bard for the Governorship of Ida?
? Washington, March 4.
The Senate refused to consider the bill
extending civil rights to Chinese. The
bill changing the judiciary circuits was
resumed. Disability still hangs, under
Sumner's motion to reconsider.
It is learned at the Treasury that Bccli
tel, Gormley and two Herwigs will be re?
moved from the Now Orleans Custom
House. It will require stronger papers
than now before the department, to move
Casey from New Orieans. Auditor Wick
lifFewas unanimously impeached.
In the House, after unimportant busi?
ness, the Georgia bill was taken up. It
will be voted on to-morrow. Butler, in
arguing the bill, said Georgia for the first
time, presented herself in proper guise for
admission. Butler added, if tho judgment
of the House went with his, he proposod
to exhibit to Tennessee the power of
Congress against wrongs rapino and mur?
der. Farnsworth, opposing the bill, said
he understood very well the object of the
bill; it was got up on the theory that the
admission of the Georgia members to the
fortieth Congress went for nothing, like
Rip Yan Winkle's dream, and that they
were to come back and be sworn for the
forty-first Congress. It was to prolong
the tenure of office of certain gentlemen
in Georgia, and the bill might as well be
entitled that as an}Tthing else; still, the
Committee on Disabilities reported a bill
abolishing the iron clad oath. A resolu?
tion of the Mississippi Legislature, for re?
moval of political disabilities of citizens
of that State, was presented. A bill to
refer all claims for quartermaster and
commissary stores furnished to or taken
by the United States from loyal persons
in the South during tho war, was consid?
ered. Amendments to limit the bill to a
mere examination of claims, and refer
all claims over ?500 to the Court of
Claims, with power to diminish but not
to increase tho amount, were proposed,
but no action was taken. Adjourned to
Sumner withdrew his objection to the
disabilities; the bill now undoubtedly
goes to the President, who will sign it.
Blount, of the Engineer Corps, sus?
tained suspension of rank and pay for
tbreo months, and reprimand in general
The bill reported by Senator Robert?
son, from the Disability Committee, drcs
not relievo persons affected by tho four?
Washington, March 5.
In tho House, Georgia occupied nil day.
The debate promises to be prolonged.
Farnsworth and Beck opposed the bill.
Beck offered a substitute, that no further
legislation is required. Result doubtful.
The President has signed a bill estab?
lishing a number of post routes through?
out the South.;
Customs receipts for the last eight
months show an increase of nearly 823,
000,000 over corresponding months last
The Prosidcnt, in accepting an invita?
tion for the fourth of July, hoped Con?
gress would adjourn before then.
Centralization or State Rights.?
The fifteenth amendment, although not
officially proclaimed, has really been rati?
fied by the requisite number of State Leg?
islatures. It is one important step toward
centralization, which the radicals have by
the most infamous chicanery, forced the
country to take. It has transferred to the
Constitution a right which have been re?
served to the States, and of which the
people have, in point of fact, been literal?
ly robbed. It has now become a part of
the national organic law ; and the people
have to determine whether it shall re?
main so. The same power which adopted
the amendment can abolish it; and we
are sure will abolish it. We fear no dan?
ger from error when truth is left free to
combat it. The dawn of the reign of
truth is beginning to appear, and with it
will come the dissipation of the errors un?
der which the people have been helplessly
buried lor six years past, and from which
they give indications of a disposition and
desire to extricate themselves.
The contest between the two great par
tics will hinge upon the question whether
this shall be a federative or a consolidated
Republic; whether we shall have central?
ization or States rights, a government of
an oligarchy or a government of the peo?
ple. The fifteenth amendment, the des?
potism of Congress and the army in the
Southern States, which were reduced to
conquered provinces and rubd with mili
tarv rigor, would seem to point to cen?
tralization. The popular expression con?
veyed by the elections in New York, Cal?
ifornia and other large and influential
Ssates, unerringly indicates State rights.
Radicalism has surely been stripped of
the charm it had for the ttnthiuking, and
the return of reason and good sense seems
to portend the utter overthrow of the j
present federal despotism.?New Yorkl
? San Francisco news boys sell other
articles than newspapers, and astonish
Eastern visitors by crying: "Here's yer
Evening Tribune and cough candy; cures
coughs, colds and sore throat?latest
'count of the carthquako?only five cents
a copy or six sticks for a quarter."
? There is but one step from tho eub
lime to the ridiculous: A local journal
thus describes tho effect of a hurricane :
"It shattered mountains, tore up oaks by
the roots, dismantled churches, laid vil?
lages wasto, and overturned a haystack."
Investigation of the Gold .Panic.
REPORTS OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE?CON?
CLUSIONS OP THE MAJORTY,
Washington,' March 1.
Gen. Garfield, Chairman of. the. Com?
mittee on Banking and Curroncy,-made
his report to-day on the gold panic. It
gives a circumstantial account of its his?
tory and comes to the following conclu?
sions in view of all the testimony:
1. Prominent bankers and merchants
who testified before the committee were
nearly unanimous in the opinion that
there was no sufficient reason for the;,ex*
istence of the Gold Exchange and Gold
Exchange Bank; that they were.sources
of measureless evils and ought to be. de?
2. The gold conspiracy dealt a heavy
blow at our credit abroad by shaking the
faith of foreign capitalists in the stability
of our trade and the honesty of our peo?
ple IIundred8 oi firms engaged in legit*
imate business were wholly ruined or se?
verely crippled. Importers of foroign
goods for many days were at the mercy
of gamblers and suffered heavy losses;
in fact, the entire country was injured,
the foundations of business and morality
were shaken, and numerous defalcations
shortly followed that were clearly, tracea?
ble to the mad spirit engendered by spec?
3. Tbe Committee find that the wicked
and cunningly devised attempts of the
conspirators to compromise the President
of the United States or his family7 hare
utterly failed. Corbin, using the oppor?
tunity which his family relationship to
the President offered, and nnder the
worst form ot hypocrisy which pnts" -on
the guise of religion and pnttiotism^uscd
all Iiis arts to learn -something from fbe
private conversations of" the "President
which could be profitable to h*m and his
conspirators. ? ?
TheTeport relieves Mrs* Grant and (r&ril
Porter from any suspicion of gold gam?
bling. AIT tho public lunds entrusted to
Gen. Butterfield worefaithtully accounted
for. It is not conclusively :proved.-:>tbat
he was interested with tho conspirators
in the exercise of the price of gold,
though, on this point, the testimony is
conflicting. . , ^,7?
Gould swears positively that lie bought
two lots of gold for Butterfield, amonnfc
ing in all to a million and a half dollars.
Butterfield,.also under cath, denies this
statement. Both Fisk and Gould swear
they received messages frein Butterfield
and answers to mossages they sentduring
tho day of the panic in reference to news
from Washington, and this statement re?
ceives some support from Brown, a: mes?
senger of the sub-Treasury.
It is provedMby the testrmony-tnat dur?
ing the daj's of the panic two firms*?
brokers?sold gold by Butterfield's orders
and for his profit, and that , during his
whole term of office he was dealing large?
ly in United States bonds on his own ac?
count. When asked by the committee:
whether he knew of* any pfficev..<)f::|ibe^
United States who was directly or indi?
rectly interested in gold, he answered ufl-j
qualified!}-in the negativa, but when af-.
terward confronted will) the testimony, of
Seligmaii, concerning his purcbasesj;b?
gold, he admitted it was true. . - rjiw
Tho Committee recommends the^aoo'p.-^
tion of the following resolutions}- - *
That the Committee on Ways and
Means be instructed to'report a bill levy-'
ing such tax on the ? transactions" "of'tire*
Gold Exchanges and G0Id? Exchange;
Clearing Houses as in their judgment the*
interest of the country dfcmfruuY " ':"?
That the Committee on; Judiciary- Do
instructed to inquire into the expediency0
of reporting a bill to define and pnnishF
conspiracy against the credit of tho Un1-~
ted States and the business of its people.
That the Committee on Banking, and
Currency be instructed to inquire wheth?
er any further legislation, is necessary tor
prevent tho improper use of certified,,
checks by national banks, and that they
have leave to report by bill or otherwise.
MINORITY REPORTttTHEINVESTIGATION PAR?
TIAL AND INCONCLUSIVE,. .,-i jj
Messrs. Cox and Jones unite, in. a mi?
nority report. They contend the ineqj-,
tion of the gold plot was. involved.in the.
appointment of the Assistant Treasurer,
at New York; that it was encouraged by
changing the policy of.Secretary ..McCttl-^
loch; that sales of gold, if at all made,
should be regulated by Jaw; that the.com?
mittee refused to investigate the conduct
ot pcrsonSj including the President, in
Washington, and that, therefore, the in?
vestigation was partial.
? Imprisonment for debt has been abol?
ished so quietly in England that the
change has attracted but little attention
abroad. This reform, which went into
operation on the first of January, emptied
all the debtors' prisons and sponging-1
houses in London. At the White Cross
street Prison there were 94 debtors in
confinement. Upon being informed.thatv
they were at liberty, 93 . asked to -be al?
lowed to stay until the next day,aa. they
I had no homes to go to. The folly of try?
' ing to force men (without money) to pay.
their debts by locking them up was never ?
more lorcibly illustrated. We suspect
that this great reform is, partly at least,.
one of Mr. Dickens's triumphs?the result
of his forcible pictures of prison abuses'in
the " Pickwick Papers " and " Little t)oi
_ ??? ?
? A Tennessee girl; in order to make a
miro thing of it, allowed two young men
to tako out a license to marry her. Sho
probably kept her matrimonial book* on
the double entry system.
? The woman who undertook to scour
tho woods has abandoned the job, owing:
to the high price of soap. The last that'
was heard of her she was skimming ihe
sea. " -
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