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Aji independent Family Journal?Devoted to Politics, Literature and General Intelligence. '
HOTT & CO.. Proprietors.
ANDERSON, S. C THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1870.
VOLUME 5.---NO. 38,
. Are we Democrats, or are we not? And
if we ain't Democrats, what are we ?
That's the question ? We do not use the
pronoun we editorially, hut as upplyiog to the
party in the State opposed to the corruptions
of the present State government. We say
the corruptions of the present State govern?
ment ; because we do not suppose that any
reasonable man can hope to effect anything
by opposition to the State government itself.
The Constitution, and the government estab?
lished thereunder, we look upon as inevitably
* fixed for a generation at least, and all that is
left for us to do is to make the administration
of that government as free from oppression
and corruption as we can. To effect that ob?
ject seems to be the central idea of the vari?
ous positions assumed by the opposition press
of the State. How to effect it, whether by
clineiog to the name and principles of the
party organization of 18ti8, or by discarding
these and taking upon ourselves a new name
with new principles, or at least with the old
principles materially modified, is the question
' that is now exercising the brains of the think?
ing men of the State.
The Charleston News, after having ex?
hausted Us ingenuity in constructing Demo?
cratic platforms, suddenly layi them all aside
as rubbish, aud runs up the colors of the
Citizens'' Party. The Phoenix, pursuing the
even tenor of its way, is tor sticking to the
old name and organization; but thinks it best
to draw it mild?to have some kind of a pro
?gressive, conservative Democracy. The Lau-1
rensviHe Herald is for a bold, square, stand
up fight, under the old organization and old
colors. The views of these three able cotem
poraries fairly represent the different shades
of opiniou expressed by the opposition press
of the State. Now we don't agree with any
of them. So. far as the proposition of the
News is to drop the Democratic name we
heartily concur. And the reason this is de?
sirable is obvious enough to us. The white
people of the State are already nearly a unit
in their opposition to the present administra?
tion of the State Government. The only
source from which any accession to the ranks
of the opposition can be looked for is from the
body of colored voters. The first political
idaa that the uegro drew in when he ceased
to be a slave, was that the Democrats were
bent on restoring him to slavery. The ne?
groes honestly believed this. Hatred of the
*very name of Democrat sank' too deep into
their bones ever to be eradicated. They are
not reasoning creatures ; you may tell them as
much as you please abou. that rose that
studied the same no matter what you called
it, but as long as you call it Democrat they
wont smell it at all. They can't be made
Democrats. They have a perfect loathing for
u Democratic niggers," as they call them.
And we might just as well, therefore, abandon
the contest altogether as to go into it with the
hope of achieving success by drawing the ne?
groes over to the party called Democratic.
The objection urged against this course is,
that we arc all allied vith the National Demo?
cratic party, and that we ought not to desert
that organization. It would have been a
blessing; tor both the National Democratic
party and ourselves if we had held aloof from
it in 1868. If the defeat of Seymour & Blair
can be attributed to any one cause more than
another, it is to the part prominent Carolini?
ans played in the campaign. And uoless we
learn more wisdom by 1872, no doubt the
National party will be more than rejoiced to
have us; play on a string of our own. But
what we will do, or be in favor of doing in
1872, is neither here nor there at this time.
There is no question of national importance
that our action this year can effect. Our du?
ty uow is to forget that there is any pluce but
South Carolina, and with an Pye single to her
good, to devote all there is of us to her purifi?
cation and prosperity. As far then as drop
piug the name Democratic is concerned, we
are with the News But when it comes to
dubbing ourselves the Citizens Party, wo
halt. Citizens Party is a very good name for
one side or the other in a scrub raio for an
Intendant of a town where the question is
license or no license, or some other merely lo?
cal matter. But as the name of a State or?
ganization, it seems to us unsuggestive and
lifeless. There is a great deal in a name,
Shakspeare to the contrary, nevertheless
But lest we may seem hypercritical, and il?
lustrate the old truism that it is much easier
to pull down than to build up, we frankly
own that we are in favor of no organization,
and consequently of no name. The policy of
the opposition party in our judgment, is to
take the platform some time ago proposed by
the Union Times?opposision to Official Dis?
honesty?and urge a guerilla warfare all over
the State against the party in power: ieaving
il; to each Couuty to adopt whatever measures
may seem best to secure the election of honest
men to the Legislature. By this plan the
Radicals will be prevented in great measure
from consolidating the terrible enginery of
their League against us. Fighting them in
detail, they will have to fight us in detail.
We can bang away at them from behind every
rock of principle, we can keep up a running
fire from behind all the rascalities and thieve?
ries they have committed, we can to a great
extent prevent concert of action amontr them,
and will thus be enabled to cut off many of
their bummers and foraginsr parties. To se?
cure one or the other brauch of the Legisla?
ture in the hands of hone.-t and capable men
is the thing we must lend all oui efforts to.
And to accomplish this the plan suggested by
us seems the most hopeful of success.
We are not however unalterably wedded, to
our scheme. These are the days of sugges?
tions, and we throw out ours. If the opposi?
tion party determine upon a different course
of action in Convention assembled, we will
give the determination of that Convention at
tentivc consideration, and if we find there is
nothing radically wrong in it according to our
notions, we will give it our wa rnest suyport,
even though it may not jump with our ideas
of expediency.?Chester Reporter.
? Tho road ambition travols is too nar?
row for friendship, too crooked for love,
too rugged for honesty, and too dark for
Immigration?A Plan Proposed.
Id a leDgthy communication to the Colum?
bia Phoenix, Dr. E. B. Turnipseed proposes
a plan to encourage immigration as follows :
Immigration as now instituted cannot be a
success for the present generation. The great
difficulty is, that the organizations as now
constituted compel every man who wishes to
procure emigrant labor, to understand, as
weli as undergo, either all, or at least a part
of its risks, of losses or gaios. This plan is
confining it at once to the leading and intelli?
gent minds of the people of the South. The
immigrant should be placed at every man's
door, so that when ho is in need of labor?
the demand fur which is constantly increas?
ing?be can employ him, giving to parties
such a bonus as would be rem uncrating for
the great convenience. My proposition is,
that the men of South Carolina, whu compre?
hend fully the necessity of moving in tbis
matter, form a joint stock company of, say
$10, $20, $50 or even $100 per share. Or?
ganize a central or distributing bureau at
seme central1, point, perhaps Columbia would
do; and sub-bureaus at each village in the
State; let all arrivals first report at the cen?
tral bureau, and be distributed according to
the various demands ?f the sub*bureaus
throughout the State. Whenever an immi?
grant arrives, his name, age and birth-place.,
as well as his trade or occupation, as well as
letters of reference or recommendation, should
be duly recorded for future reference. The
farmer or planter applying for a laborer, has
only to call for the kind of laborer, and the
clerks at each bureau, by referring to tin:
books, can send him the sort of persons he
desires, he, the farmer or planter, paying all
expenses incurred by the bureau, as well as
a bonys for expenses and profits to stock?
holders There might be an experimental
farm establisned in the vicinity of each bu?
reau, where these immigrant laborers could
be profitably employed until called for; aud
should any remain on hand during the sum?
mer mouths, they could be directed in farm
work, so as to make and harvest i full crop.
Agents could be sent to England, Ireland,
ScotIand,,France, Holland, Sweden and Nor?
way, Germany and Italy; and I am told by
persons who have recently returned from
trans-Atlantic countries,4bat great numbers
could be procured by ouly securing them a
home and employment. I have seen this
system worki ng admirably in Paris, in getting
employment for laborors aDd domestics in ev?
ery capacity; there it has proven Dot only a
success, but of mutual benefit and profit to
all parties. I cannot, for one moment, see
how it could be managed in those large Eu?
ropean cities in any other way. Some ten or
twelve years ago the same system was com?
menced in New York.
The distributing bureau for the great
North-western States is Castle Garden, in
New York city. We never will succeed to
any extent until we adopt the joint stock
company pian, and no longer trust to the
general intelligence of che people upon this
matter. The immigrant desires to come; give
him the means; place him at the door of
those pleading for labor; secure good labor
by references; make their contracts, and all
will move on harmoniously, and South Caro?
lina and the whole South will no longer dip
their color* to haters of law, order and good
The Art of Thinking.?Oue of the best
modes of improving in the art of thinking is
to think over some subject before you read
upon it, and then to observe after what man?
ner it has occurred to the mind of some great
master. You will then observe whether you
have been too rush or too timid, what you
have omitted and in what you have exceeded,
and by tbis process you wiil insensibly catch
a great manner of viewing a question. It is
right in study, not ooly to think whenever
any extraordinary incident provokes you to
think, but from time to time what has passed;
to dwell upon it, and to see what traius uf
thought voluntarily present therascl .-es to the
mind. It is a most superior habit of some
minds to refer all the particular truths which
strike them to other truths more general, so
that their knowledge is beautifully metho?
dized ; and the general truth at any time
suggests all the particular exemplifications, or
any particular exemplification at once leads
to the general truth. This kind of under?
standing has an immense and decided superi?
ority over those coniused heads in which one
fact is piled upon another without the least
attempt at classification and arrangement.
Some men always read with a pen in their
hand, and commit to paper any new thought
which strikes them; others trust to chance
for its reappearance. Which of these is the
best methol in the conduct of the under?
standing, must, I suppose, depend a great
deal upon the particular understanding in
question. Seme men can do nothing without
preparation; others little with it; some are
fountains, some reservoirs.?Rev. Sidney
The Use of both Hands.?A writer sug?
gests that it would be a good thing for men
aud women were they taught in childhood
to use their left hand equally with their
right. The use of the right hand ooly for
certain actions, such us writing and working
with mechanical tools, is entirely convention?
al ; and there does not appoar to be any rea?
son why people should not be ambidexter in
every kind of manual work. Persons who
have lost their right band by accident fre?
quently acquire great facility with the left,
after some practice; bnt grownup persons
have not always the patience to betake them?
selves to the necessary practice. By children
the thing would be acquired insensibly, if
means wore taken to lead thotn to the prac?
tice of it. Children living in houses where
two languages arc spoken acquire both with
great faoility; and what is true of tongues
would be equally so of bands.
? "Muggins, what era in the world's
history do 3'ou regard with the deepest
horror ?" "The cAoi-era," gasped Muggins,
with a spasmodic shudder.'
To enforce the Provisions of the Civil Mights
Bill of the United States Congress, and
to secure to the People the Benefits of a
Republican Government in this State.
Whereas, in this State the Government
is a democracy, the people ruling, and the
Government is also a republican one, in which
all things pertaining to the Government are
in common among all the people; and where?
as, it follows that no person in entitled to spe?
cial privileges, or to be preferred before any
other person in public matters, but all per?
sons are equal before the law ; and whereas,
these propositions lie at the very foundation
of our policy, and the American people have
embodied the same, in the most emphatic
manner possible, in their organic and statute
laws, and the same do by their sovereign will
and pleasure sustain; and whereas, notwith?
standing all these great and glorious facts,
there are found some brutal, ill-disposed, and
lawless persons in the State who persist in
denying and trampling upon the sacred rights
of certain of the people; therefore,
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the ?tate of
South Caroiina, dow met and sitting in Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
same: It shall not be lawful for any common
carriers, or any party or parties engaged in
any business, calling, or pursuit, for the car?
rying on of which a license or charter is re?
quired by any law, m'unieipal, State, or Fed?
eral, or by any public rule or regulations, to
discriminate between two persons on aocount
of race, color, or previous condition, who shall
make lawful applicatioo for the benefit uf such
business, calliug, or pursuit.
Sec. 2. Whoever, being a common carrier,
under any public license, charter, rule, or reg?
ulation, shall, by himself or another, wilfully
assign any special quarters or accommodations
whatever to any passenger or persons whom
such common carrier may have undertaken to
carry, or who shall, under any pretence, deny
or refuse to any person lawfully applying for
the same, accommodation equal in every re?
spect to that furnished by him to any other
person for a like compensation or reward, in a
liko case, haviug no regard to the persoas per
se who may be applicants therefor, shall, on
conviction, be punished by a fine of one thou?
sand dollars, and also by confinement at hard
labor in the Penitentiary for five years; and
if such fine be not paid, the convict shall be
cuntiued in the Penitentiary at hard labor, as
aforesaid, for not Jess than six years.
Sec. 3. Whoever, conducting or managing
any theatre, or other place of amusement or
recreation, by whatever name the same may
be recognized, or however called or known, if
such theatre or place^be licensed or chartered,
or be under any public rule or regulation
whatever, shall wilfully make any discrimina?
tion against any person lawfully applying for
accommodation in, or admission to, any such
theatre or place, on account of the race, color,
or previous condition of the applicant, or
shall refuse or deny to any person lawfully ap?
plying therefor, accommodation equal in every
respect to that furnished at such place for a
like reward to any other person, on accouut
of race, color, or previous condition of the ap?
plicant therefor, shall, on conviction, be pun?
ished by a fine of one thousand dollars, and
also imprisonment at hard labor in the Peni?
tentiary for three years.
Sec. 4. Whoever, not being the principal
oTender under sections two and three of this
act, shall aid or abet in or about the commis?
sion of any offenses therein mentioned, shall,
on conviction, be puuished by imprisonment
at hard labor in the Penitentiary for three
years, and no such convict shall ever vote, or
hold any office, under any law of this State.
Sec. 5. Every commander, conductor, man?
ager, or other person superintending or hav?
ing charge of any vessel or vehicle, or any
theatre or other pl're mentioned in this act
whatsoever, and as such having authority and
power to order and manage affairs in or about
the same, who shall suffer or permit to occur
any violation of this act, which such com?
mander, conductor, manager or person so su?
perintending, and having such charge as
aforesaid, can possibly prev.nt, shall be con?
sidered an aider and abetter in the commis?
sion in any such offense, and on conviction
shall be subject to the penalties provided in
section four of this act.
Sec. 6. Every corporation or party what?
ever, holding any charter or license under the
authority of this State, who shall violate any
of the provisions of this act, shall thereupon
be deeued and held to have committed an
abuse of 'he franchises conferred by or under
every such charter or license, and on convic?
tion shall forfeit every such charter or license;
and any party or parties who having so for?
feited any such charter or license aforesaid,
shall nevertheless presume to use or operate 1
under or by virtue of the same, as well as
every person who shull be found aiding such
party or parties thereabout, shall, on convic
tiou, be punished by a fine of ooe thousand
dollars or imprisonment iu the Penitentiary
for ten years.
Sec. 7. In every trial for violating any
provisions of this act, when it shall be charged
that any person has been refused or denied
admission to, or due accommodation in an"
of the places in this act mentioned, on ac?
couut of the race, color, or previous condition
of the applicaut is a colored or black person,
the burden shall be on the defendant party,
or parties, so having refused or denied such
admission or accommodation, to show that the
same was not done in violation of this act.
Sec. 8. Every case arising under the first
section of this act, and not provided for spe
fically in some succeeding section, shall be
prosecuted and decided in accordance with
the general provisions of this act.
Sec. 9. The several Solicitors of this State
are hereby specially charged to take care that
this act be p/omptly and vigorously enforced;
and every such Solicitor who shall fail in any
respect in the performance of his duty under
the requirements in this section contained,
shall be deemed to have committed a misfeas?
ance in office, and on conviction, shall forfeit
his office, and be incapable of holding office
for five years, and shall also pay a fine of five
hundred dollars, and in every case in which
any suoh Solicitor shall fail iu his duty, as
herein prescribed, the Attorney-General shall
make the most effective prosecution possible
against hini on behalf of the State; and nei?
ther any Solicitor nor the Attorney-General
shall settle or enter a nol. pros, in any case
arising under this act except by the consent
of the Court.
Seo. 10. All acts and parts of acts incon?
sistent with this act, or supplied by it, arc
j hereby repealed.
Sec- 11. This act shall take effect from
and after its passage,
Approved March 1, 1870.
? Mr. Seward's Account op His Trip.?
Ex-Secretary Seward and party, us already
I announced, safely returned from their ex?
tended and protracted journey in the hy?
perborean latitudes of Alaska and tropi?
cal regions of Mexico, and of course such
an event did not escape tho attention of
the persistent newspaper "interviewers."
The ex-Premier is said to look ten }'ears
younger than when he -left the responsi?
bilities and harrassments of official life.
His face has a florid hue that might be
exported in one far younger than himself,
produced by a sharp walk on a winter,
morning. His oye possessed an unusual
lustre. He told the anxious gatherer of
the latest news that Alaska was a won?
derful country; that he saw the finest
rivers teeming with fish, and noble for?
ests of the finest lumber in the world, the
Indian tribes tractable and peaceable.
The temperature never ranges below four?
teen above zero, and in summer between
seventy and oighty. He considers Alaska
the shipyard of the world, and in addi?
tion to its lumber it has unparalleled re?
sources of fish and furs. He is of opin?
ion that 8omethingshould bo done at once
to prevent the ruin of her great sources
of wealth, the fur seal; the seal islands of
Alaska he considers the finest in tho world,
and should be protected by judicious laws.
The population there is small, but in the
progress of civilization that section will
be the scene of wonderful industry. The
country needs, in his opinion, some forms
of civil government, but it must be very
simple?a complicated system is unneces?
sary. In brief, he thinks Alaska a valua?
ble acquisition of territory, far exceeding
his previously formed opinion of its vast
wealth. -He also visited Mexico and met
all of the notables. Juarez, as President
of the Republic, was a man eminently fit?
ted for his high station, possessing pro
dence, wisdom and foresight. He found
tho Mexicans a people frugal in their hab?
its and simple in their views, industrious,
and, under a permanent and substantial
administration, would make tho basis of
a firm government.- When questioned
upon Cuban affairs he demurred, and with
the memory of the genorous hospitality
extended him while there, before his cj'es,
he choose to reserve his opinions until
some future time. The Secretary will re?
turn to the shados of his Auburn homo as
soon as possible.
About Fleas.?The smallest aoitual of the
brute creation, and the most pesky is the flea.
They are about the bigness of an onioo
seed, and shine like a bran new 'shot.
They spring from low places and can spring
further and faster than enny of the big brutes.
They bite wus than the muskeetoze for
they bite in a run. One flea will go over aud
over a maa's suburbs in 2 minus, and leave
him az freckled as the m azlej.
It is impossible to do ennything well with
a flea on you except sware, and fleas ain't
afraid of that, the only way is to quit busi?
ness of all kinds and hunt for the flea, and
when you have found him he ain't there.
This in one of the flea mysteries?the fakul
iy they have of being entirely lost jiat as you
have found them.
I don't suppose there iz ever killed on an
average, during enny year, more than 16
fleas in the whole of the United States of
America, unless there is a casualty of some
kind; once in a while a dog gits drowned
sudden, and then there may be a few fleas
They are about az hard to kill az a flax seed
iz and if you lon't mash 'em az flue az ground
peDper they will start bizcjs< on a smaller
kapi'al, jist as pestiferous as ever.
There is lots of people who never seen a
flea, and it takes a pretty smart man to see
one ennyhow. They don t stay long in a place.
If you ever ketch a flea, kill him before
you do cnuything else, for if you do put it off
2 minits it may be too late.
Many a flea has passed away forever in less
than two minits.?Josh Billings.
Enforcing the * Amendment.?Con?
gress seems to have 6omo idea of enforc?
ing tho fifteenth amendment in New York
bv "appropriate legislation," striking
down her property qualification, and in
Massachusetts by putting out the light of
her educational qualification for negro
suffrage. Mr. Sumner says he wants Con?
gress to do whatever it thinks wants do?
ing in his State to give it a republican
form of government; but ho cither did
not know, or did not care, what ho was
talking about when ho said that. .Revels,
it is said, has boon enforcing the amend?
ment on Sumner by sticking closer to
that amiable Senator than is agreeable.
Sumner says ho revels on negroes, doats
on tljom in fact, but docs not wear a tail
to his coat for their special convenience.
Contrary to all the precedents of his life,
he has been, since the advent of Revels,
meditating the roundabout policy.
? "Look hero, boy," said a norvous
old gentleman to nn urchin, who was
munching sugar-candy at a lecture, "you
are annoying mo very much." "No, 1
ain't," replied the urchin, "I'm a-gnawing
?" I'll teach you to play pitch and toss; I'll
flog y on for an hour.*'
" Father," instantly replied the incorrigi?
ble, as he balanced a penny on bis thumb and
finger, "I'll toss with you to make it two
boars or nothing.*'
, The anti-Radical party, in the coming
election, must take notice of two impor?
tant matters in preparing their platform.
The principles enunciated, and adopted as
a guide, roust be sufficiently liberal, pro?
gressive and comprehensive to meet the
approval, and secure the support of all
classes of citizens; but, at the same time,
they must carefully avoid anything like a
spirit of submisr.ion to Republican ideas.
We can be liberal in our politics, can offer
all rights of citizenship to all classes?can
guarantee the right of suffrage to the col?
ored man in such a way as that he shall
feel secure of the enjoyment or. this real,
or imagined privilege for himself and his
descendants, can treat him in such a way
as to wrest from the hands of bis present
leaders the weapons of prejudice and ha?
tred, which are now used so effectively
against us, and lead him to trust us. All
this we can do without any compromise
of our self-respect, or principles. Vvhen
we consider the problem presented* by
the condition of our country, if we would
dotermine upon a feasible plan for its so?
lution, we must be aureful not to be blin?
ded by mere prejudice. Matters of taste
and sentiment must not be allowed to as?
sert the dignified immovable position of
principles. Many things, upon which
Democratic orators and writers have in?
sisted with great zeal and warmth, ana?
lyzed, would be found not to be necessary,
and lundamental truth, but only the sug?
gestions of fancy, or perhaps the mur?
muring of an offended taste.. Practical
and common sense views of the situation,
and the means of remedy must guide
those aspiring to lead, or they must be re?
jected, and men must bo chosen who will
heed more tho teachings of sound sense,
than the promptings of ambition and fas?
tidious views of what this government
should be. Every white man of decency
knows that affairs in this State are not
what they should be, and what he would
make them, if it were in his power. He
knows also, that it will be a long time be?
fore, by any possibility, things can be sat?
isfactorily arranged. It is, therefore, use?
less to tell our people over and over again,
that compromise is dangerous?that they
must not rest contented until everything
done under the Reconstruction Acts is
overthrown, and our Stato governments
reformed. Things are not going to change
until we change them. It wo sit still, re?
fusing to use what advantages are affor?
ded us, and wait for some special dispen?
sation of Providence to sweep the decks
of our old State clear of the present oc?
cupants, before we try to help ourselves,
we may rest assured that deliverance will
never come, but that we will sink lower
and lower into national ruin. We must
assault tho citadel of Radicalism with
whatever weapons are most convenient.
Wo must try to enter that citadel, howev?
er loathsome it may bo with disgusting
sights, and repulsive odours. Wo must
disregard the filth and corruption, while
we drive away the unclean birds. After
tho victory is achieved, we can wash, and
fumigate and ventilate, until the atmos?
phere is healthy. The great desideratum,
for which our people must strive in'the
coming elections, is to get honest men in?
to office. Tho dishonesty and selfishness,
which characterize most of the State offi?
cials, are displeasing not only to Demo?
crats, but also to all Republicans, who
have any intelligence, and regard for the
respectability and future welfaro of their
party. Wo wfll not fight in the coming
campaign as Democrats against Republi?
cans" for the triumph of purty. Lawless?
ness, dishonest}', bribery and other agents
of ruin and confusion mujt be unseated.
For tho accomplishment of this good end,
we invite and beseech the people of the
State to co-operate with us.? Cavxdcn Jour?
Specie Payments.?A prominent peri?
odical dealer on King street yesterday in?
augurated the new method of advertising
one's business, so successfully adopted at
tho North?that of "resumingspecio pay?
ments" and making change with silver.
The plun of tho business firms adopting
i this expedient is as lollows: Their present
profits enable them to pay tho small pre?
mium on silver coin, and the novelty of
the thing attracts custom enough to war?
rant a much greater sacrifice on tho part
of the dealer to secure it. Tho idea is a
good ono, and if generally adopted, will
force a majority of our retail dealers to
follow the examplo of their more enter?
prising neighbors. Until silver ceases to
i bo a novelty, and its pleasant jingle in
palm and pocket no longer calls up agree?
able memories of the days before tho war,
purchases will go where they can get it
in change instead of the .torn and dirt}'
6tamps that have given a new significance
to tho time-honored but hitherto meaning
loss term of "filthy lucre."? Charleston
? How much is expressed in the fine
old scntimont, live and lot livo! How
blessed is tho m: n who lives and lets livo!
How encoring to sec his fields teeming
with tho richest verdure; what a pleasure
to look on and see his sleek and plump
animals of every age and variety! Where,
in tho world besides, can be found such
happy faces, such contented spirits and
such grateful hearts as can be found on
his ostnte? May God forevor bless those
Whoso real, heartfelt sentiments are, "Live
and let live." ?
_The manufacture of superphospahtes
in this country was commenced about
oigh toon years ago. From thattime it has
gradually, increased until now about 70,
000 tons, representing a monoy value of
rather loss than four millions of dollars,
are annually sold.
? Poultry, to fatten rapidly, must be,
like hogs, restricted to a limited space.
Freedom and fat are incompatible.
General Henry Lee's Memoirs.
The London Saturday Iteview, in one
of ita periodical notices of American lit?
erature, has the following fair and dis?
"The most interesting of the Ameiican
works of this month is a new edition of
"General Henry Lee's Memoirs of tho
War of Independence in the States South
of the Potomac" in which be bore an ac?
tive and prominent part. Among the
Generals of the Bevolution he was by n6
means the least daring, skilful, and suc?
cessful; and though unfortunate .incurring
unpopularity and censure, which galled
his sensitive spirit and eventually drove
him to resign bis Command, bo appears to
have been thoroughly true to the republi?
can cause, and to have enjoyed through?
out the confidence and esteem of Wash?
ington. This edition is revised and pro
faced with a memoir of the writer by the
present representative ot his family, who,
on the same field and in the same cause
of national independence, has achieved a
fame yet more brilliant and enduring, and
who, like his father, has retired into pri?
vate life a fallen and defeated man. It is
true that calumny itself has, spared the
spotless character of General K. E. Lee,
and that even the bitterest enemies of his
cause have paid a tribute of enforced re?
spect to the honor, the gentleness, the
genius, and the heroism of the great chief
of the Confederate armies. Neverthe?
less, there is in the fate of the son so
much resemblance to that of the father as
to lend a special pathos to the brief biog?
raphy hi which the hero of the Confeder
ato struggle has endeavored to exalt and
to vindicate the memory of the soldier of
the RevolutiOT. Any work from tho pen
of General Lee would command atten?
tion, and there are features about the pres?
ent volume which are of peculiar interest.
The author keeps his own personality
carefully in the background; and the -rea?
der, while he admires, cannot but regret
the dignified reserve which disappoints
his hope of learning from the biography
of the father any particulars regarding
the son, in whom many who cared com?
paratively little about the merits of bis
quarrel feel a deep personal interest,
which the years spent since the close of
the war in honorable and useful obscurity
bave in no way blunted or diminished.
But the honest family pride displayed in
tho account of the ancestry of the Lees,
with which tho memoir commences, and
which incidentally vindicates against
Northern sneers the claims of the leading
families of Virginia to an illustrious ori- .
gin, is an interesting trait in a native
character so perfectly free from personal
vanity or ambition; and the narrative of
the elder Lee derives a present value from
the manner in which k illustrates and ex?
plains some of 'the peculiarities in which
the latter and the earlier struggle resem?
ble each other. Among these are the com?
parative usclcssncss of cavalry in pitched
fields and in the line- of battle, and its
brilliant exploits in detached service and
in predatory and exploring expeditions.
Henry Lee commanded a force of cavalry,
to which some companies of foot were
added, somewhat resembling that organ?
ized by Mosby in Northern Virginia du?
ring the later years of the Confederacy,
but of a loss markedly irregular and gue?
rilla character, and he might be called tho
Stuart or Ashby, as Marion and Sumter
were the Morgan and Forrest, of tho
Revolutionary war. Such comparisons
will bave interest for others besides mili?
tary readers, and this volume will famish
abundant material for them.''
Hoop Statistics.?The question of
hoops has been before the public for some
time now, and it still seems a question in
the minds of most people whether they
aro fashionable or not. One thing is cer?
tain ; they are moro generally worn this
winter than last, and from information re?
ceived from one of the largest manufac?
turers, it would appear that the hoops
lately ordered by the ladies of fashion and
tho retail dealers, are much larger in cir?
cumference than those worn for the last
five years. It is claimed also by manu?
facturers that tho trade is comparatively
brisk. By going into the statistics it is
discovered that never, since the creation,
has the fashion of wearing hoops when
once adopted, lasted less than fifty years,
and judging the future by the past, we
havo according to that, some forty years
of hoops, more or less, in storo for us.
However, if the ladies of olden times
could stand the ungainly, stiff, poky ar?
rangements of their day for fifty years,
we ought with tho light, flexible, graceful
little articles manufacturers have been to
so much trouble and expense to perfect
for us, to submit to tho infliction (if it can
bo so called) a thousand years at least.
? A school visitor lately gave a teacher
tho following sentence to spell: Roborfc
Wright, the beautiful writer of Wright
ville, down in Torrington, claims the ex?
clusive right to write rites and ceremo?
nies of his church, and has secured a copy?
right for his writings; but Henry Wright,
tho writing-master, also writes those rites ;
now it is honorable lor tho Right Honor?
able flfcnry Wright boldly to write him?
self upright in the presence of the right
handed wheel-right, Robert Wright Vx
? Murk Twain was married tho other
evening to Miss Olivia L. Langdsafe of
Elmira, N. Y. No cards, exceptj$fi3?cfc
with which the bridegroom todj^l^pimo
or too of* freezoout poker with his father
in-law and the parson after the eeremony..
? Tho best cure for dirt, ? the water
? The Chicago Times says that in that
city "they will cut a man's throat for five
dollars." This* of course, is the' price o?
the job among tho aristocracy. In tho.
lower grades of societ}' you can havo 8?
dozen throats cut for half the money.