Newspaper Page Text
BY E. B. MURRAY & CO.
ANDERSON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 7, 1884.
VOLUME XX.-NO. 4.
_ "" TTT/Miu-nlT TIT miTr.
UUn WUffltSH IN TUB WAH.
CLUSERET IN THE SOUTH.
TIIK UNHAPPY EVENT THAT LED TO
HIS KE.SIU NATION.
Mrs. Flora McD. Williams, of Louisville Ky.,
iuCharleston Weekly News.
It was during tho winters of '62 and
'Gb" and tho poor old towu of Winchester
lind been again evacuated by the troops
under Geu. Jackson. Many of the citi
zens had gone South, but tho sudden oc
cupation of the place by the Federal
soldiers caught a good mauy in their
lines who had not intended to remain.
Among them were the two young daugh
ter.-! of a prominent citizen who was ut
the time in the Confederate service.
Finding that tho occupation waa likely
to be permanent, they concluded to apply
for ft Pa68 to 8? &oulh, though having
many inisgivlbgs about getting it, as their
sentiments were well known to tho
oflicera in command. Gen. Cluseret, a
gentlemanly Frenchman, was at the timo
tu commaud of the post. Making appli
cation to him iu person, to their amaze
ment ho granted them tho pass without
imposing a Bingle restriction or condition.
Elated with this singular piece of luck
they pushed forward their preparations
in good earnest, and in three days from
tho timo they received it wore ready to
They had hired a carriage and trusty
pair of horses, as well as a respectable
wbiie man in whom they felt confidence
to act as their driver, as it was necessary
to drive ?ome eighteou or twenty miles
up the Valley, where they expected to
find friends. They started off in the gray
dawn of a winter's morning with every
rcasouable prospect of a safo and pleas
Upon reaching tho second and last
picket, Borne four miles from town, they
found no less than two hundred men
quartered there. At this point they were
compelled to leave the main road, which
was blockaded by huge piles of rocks and
rails, and drive through woods and
unfrequented by-ways for nearly a mile
further. All obstructions now being
passed, they returned again to the turn
pike and congratulated themselves that
they were at last out of sight of tho
"Do you think we will have auy more
trouble now. Mr. Higgins?" said ono of
the girls, addressing thc driver.
"Well. I'm beginning to think wo are
about through tho woods now myself,
Miss ;" and thus saying he Btood up aud
looked back over tho top of the carriage.
"Bless my soul, ladies !" he exclaimed,
"here come a lot of them cavalry jest a
flyin' up the road !"
"Whip the horses ! Make them fly,
Mr. Higgins 1" said one of the girls, and
catching up the whip, she laid it on sev
FLYING FROM TBE YANKEES.
They were now going at their topmost
speed, and both girls were standing up,
looking alternately through the window
in the back of the carriage It was evi
dent they were being pursued.
"If we can only keep ahead awhile
longer," said one of them, "I know they
will be afraid to follow very far."
"But," said the other, "see how they
aro gaining on us, and the carriage is BO
heavily laden they must overtake us soon.
It is useless to try."
So they relaxed their speed, and in a
few moments were surrounded by a body
"I hove orders to arrest this party.
Driver, turn your carriage around at
once," said the foremost one, who rudely
thrust his head in the window.
"I can't turn just yet ; it is too narrow
here," said thc driver.
"Well I can," returned the soldier, and
catching the horses heads he wheeled tbe
carriage short around, and barely escaped
turning it down the embankment.
Two of the pursuing party had been
stationed a little in ndvance as soon as
they came up to the carriage, evidently
to watch and warn of any attempt at
rescue. Their great hurry indicated
serious fears that a masked battery might
open on them at any moment.
"We aro traveling under a pass from
Gen. Cluseret." remonstrated one of the
jenn- ladies. "T1.- ~hr-~. -uthorR"? a>~
we arrsstsd. -^?*7 ?"
"That is 'none of your business, or
mine either, for that matter," answered
the fellow gruffly.
The carriage was surrounded on all
aides, and both the girls and driver were
closely watched. Of course they could
not comprehend the reason of such treat
ment. They did not know that during
the interval of receiving and using their
pass Gen. CluBeret, from whom they had
obtained it, had been superseded by a
ruffian who outranked him. When the
carriage reached the picket it was brought
to a halt, while the leader of the party
who had made the arrest rode off to con
sult an officer who was brought to the
door of bia tent by the sound of the re
The soldier communicated something,
and the officer looked towards the carn
age where the girls sat waiting in breath
less anxiety to know what was to become
of them. After parleying with the
cavalryman for some minutes, be came
towards the carriage and looked in, then
turned and went back to the man again.
The girls then beard him say, "I will
not ; I will resign first." He then went
into his tent, and presently returning to
the^carriage climbed up and took bis seat
beside the driver. He gave the order to
move on, and with a guard of four caval
rymen on each side they took up their
line of march for Winchester.
A GALLANT HUSH OFFICES.
As soon as they had gotten well under?
way, the officer, who proved to be a
humane Irishman, turned to the girls
and said : "I boa orders to have your
persons and baggage searched at my post,
but I would not do it, I don't care what
the consequences are ; I shall take you to
Gen. Cluseret, from whom yon obtained
your pass, and who alone baa the right
to arrest you and only then, in the event
of your having violated the conditions
npon which you obtained it.
We are certainly fortunata in having
[allen into your hands, if it was intended
wat) we should suffer such an indignity |
43 that," said one of them. "Bot oar
passport was granted without any condi
tions, and I enn't understand at all why
we are not allowed to go on."
It seems to be the fate of all tho ex
peditions to "Richmond that originate in
Yankee linee," remarked the other sis
ter, and I suppose wo will have to sub
mit to the disappointment as well as the
The officer smiled good-naturedly nt
I think thatMilroy must have order
en thw arrest. Ho suspects that os there
.ere no conditions imposed, or oaths re
3. ?d!i rou ?? South freighted with a
well.from the citizens of Winchester*
Mdhe hopes to ojptoro it."
?MS*.*T B? 5?*tiydisappointed.
w* pass as we did. wo were
specially carcfol to carry nothing thai I
uaa any reference- lo your army or their
movement?. Indeed, tho few letters that
we have might with perfect propriety,
have been sent by 'flag of truce,' as they
relate entirely to domestic matters."
Their conversation was necessarily
carried ou in an undertono sud very
cautiously, as tho guard watched thom
"If you have anything at all ou your
persons," said the oflicer, "that will be
apt to compromiio yon in any way I will
take it and keep it foi you until after you
arei searched, for Milroy ia unscrupulous,
and would as soon send you to the 'Ola
Capitol' as not."
m. ?-his t,ho S,rl8 exchanged glances.
Ibo officer bau put himself in their pow
er now undoubtedly.
.. "?ye a pistol," said one of the girls,
which is my own private property, and
which I will not willingly resign to any
"I fear the consequences for you if it
is found on your person," said ho, "aud
will tako it and keep it for you until
after you are relea?jd, if you will give it
"1 can't very well get it off," Bhe said,
without being seen, and it would cer
tainly place you in nn ugly position if I
am discovered giving it to you. Besides
all that," she continued, "it would bean
admission that I do wrong to wear it,
which I am not willing to concede at all.
I thank you very much for your kindness,
but will keep it."
Soon after this they reached Winches
ter and the carriage was driven first to
the headquarters of Gen. Cluseret, who
appeared in the parlor as eoon aa it drove
up, and in an excited manoer and un
measured terms denounced tho authority
that had "overstepped the boundary of
decency and civilized warfare."
"Take ze ladies avay ; dey havo uo of
fensi," he continued, emphasizing his
language all the time with angry gestic
AT GEN. MILBOY'S HEADQUABTEB8.
They were then driven to the head
quarters of the heroic Gen. Milroy, by
whoso order the arrest had beeu made.
They asked permission to Bend for an
elder sister to ho present at the interview
with Milroy, but the guard refused, say
ing : "Theil orders were positive that
no intercourse should be allowed with
outside parties." Whereupon ono of the
girls made a plau of her own, and only
waited a favorable moment to carry it
out. The carriage was soon recognized,
and the wondering citizens began to
throng around to find out tho reason of
its return, but none were allowed to come
near enough to speak. Presently notice
ing an acquaintance, who Blood very
near a point which they had to poss, one
of the sisters watched her opportunity,
and when she got very near leaned for
ward from the carriage and said in her
loudest IOIKM, "Tell sister-to come
to Milroy's headquarters." It was done
so suddenly that the guard did not have
time lo prevent it. But the one nearest
her put bis hand on his pistol and shook
his bead in a threatening manner.
They had now reached au imposing
looking building where Milroy had es
tablished his headquarters, and as they
passed through files of armed men their
friends, though pressing near, were not
allowed to speak. They were conducted
up two flights of stairs and ushered into
a room where four or five officers were
The girls walked in and took their
seats in a dignified and fearless manner.
Conscious of no offence, they felt there
could bo no cairne far fear,
"Is it asking too much to want to know
the ground for this singular treatment,
Rir?" said one of them, turning to Major
McGee, a member of the staff.
"Madam," he replied, with an obsequi
ous smile, "we have not been advised of
the General's reasons for this arrest.
They are doubtless well grounded
"You are suspected, and with good
reason, I imagino, to be carrying aid and
comfort to the enemy," said another
"Wo have only what belongs to us, I
"Assurances don't count much on such
occasions as these, madam ; proofs, posi
tive proofs, are the only things that have
A LITTLE TABTAB.
At thia point one of tho girls opened
her cloak "sad deliberately untying the
scarf STOIC;; han <?eeo civen ~ croi-on
?h? baiiiensid in f??urn for kindness
shown by bim to a Federal officer, and
which confined the pistol around her
waiat, took them off and laid them OD
the table by which she Bat. A significant
smile passed around the faces of the
"Do you Buppoao for a moment you
will be allowed to keep that, madam ?"
one of them asked, laughing.
"I have no idea of resigning it I assure
you. I merely lake it off to show you
that I am not carrying concealed wea
pons. If you would like a trophy of thit
event, however, I have some military
caps in ray trunk, which I have braided
for Borne 'rebel' friends. You may keer.
those, as I doubt your ability to get then
in any other way, and when I get Soutr.
I can make more. I doubtless will fine
plenty moro worn-out pantaloons, o
which I made the others."
"Don't be too hard on us, Miss F.eb.
if you please : you might repent it," an
swered one of them maliciously.
The conversation was here interruptet
by the entrance of two soldiers, each o
whom had several pairs of cavalry boot
thrown across his shoulder. DepoBitin]
them in a corner of the room they wen
"Yon wouldn't be eo willing to par
with tho boots, maybe. They ain't s
easy made as caps, eh ?" said the office
who had just spoken.
"As they don't bolong to us, wo hav
no opinion about them," answered on
of the girls.
"Oh, I expect they do," he answered
in a tantalizing tone.
The door opened Again ; this time th
men broughton some boxes and place
them alongside the boots."
"Where did those things come from?
asked Maj. McGee. .
"All come ont of the carriage, sir,
answered the man.
"Well, they do not belong to ni, anj
how." exclaimed one of the girls, ei
?l "Indeed. I assure you that we nevi
saw them before," said tho other.
"1 am sorry for yon, young ladies bt
I yon can't get out of it in that way.
"Do you Buppow we are teMinga
untruth ?" they almost screamed in dis
anger at the injustice done them. Bot
gills felt now,J for the ? toe, hi
giving on to the tears which they hi
leen choking down for some time. The
unfeigned looks of surprise, as well i
their protestations o? Innocence, mu
have had some effect on the officers, wt
aeemed to have resolved,themselves int
a court-martial over them. One of the
soon left the room, and pnsentlyU
men who bad brought the things the
icturned and carried them ont again.
It afterwards transpired that the thin)
belonged to the driver, who bad aecreU
Sera tribe carriage, to gN^MM
at big prices when he go* Int? "Dixie
whore all such article? were at a premium.
DECLINING TO DE SEARCHED.
Now the two girls were Bent, ono at a
time, into au adjoining room. Tho offi
cers did not eay what for, but the first
ono that went found crouched in the
farthest corner a figure with a welcome
"Why, aunty," she exclaimed, "what
ami sent iu here for?"
"Lord knows, Miss ; I is a heap wuss
skcered 'an you is, but tho Gen'l told mc
to seo ef you all had any 'spatches 'bout
"Well, aunty," the giri answered, "you
will have to take my word for it, because
I wont Bubmit to your searching me."
Aud o saying she quickly returned to
tho next room, and the other sister went
through very much the same interview.
Upon returning to Ute room the one who
owned tho pistol missed her property
from tho tab lo on which she bad laid it.
"What has become of my pistol ?" she
asked at once.
"I turned it over to tho General," said
"Can't 1 seo the General," she asked,
"I am not going to resign it without a
Btruggle to keep it, anyhow."
"I guess you can't seo him," ho an
_ Just then the door opened, and their
Bister, for whom they had sent so abrupt
ly, carno in.
Both girls now gavo way to the tears
which they could no longer restrain, at
sight of a sympathizing friend.
"Why girl?," abe exclaimed, "what is
the meaning of all this? I am shocked,
amazed ; Bir," turning to one of the
officers, "is nothing sacred in the eyes of
your officials ? Is a pass from your high
est officer not a pledge of security, at
least until tbat pass is known to have
been violated? What civilized nation
under the sun would arrest two defence
less girls, travelling under protection of
an official paper, and Bubject them to
iuch treatment as this, without positive
knowledge that some offence had been
committed on their part?"
The officers did begin to look ashamed
"I have just left tho room below hore,
ivhere I found, after searching, unaided
?ind rebuffed ct every turn, your trunks
ipread open, and being searched by the
jfficers, Gen. Milroy himself, superin
.euding and assisting in the manly occu
"Ia it possible, sister?" exclaimed
joth tho girls.
"It is, indeed, a mortifying fact. I
?xpre^ed my surprise at so unusual a
node of proceeding, but they continued
heir search in my unwelcome presence
intil convinced that they contained
lotbing unusual in a young lady's out
It, when Milroy left the room a wiser,
nit I am afraid not a better man." Then
urning to the officer, "How much longer
s this to last, sir ?"
"Not long, I sincerely hope, madam."
They were now thoroughly convinced
if the gross mistake they bad made and
ought to atone for it. Presently Major
HcGee returned and told them they were
it liberty to go, and soon getting ready
ie preceded them down stairs.
"Am I not to have my pistol ?" asked
he one to whom it belonged. *
"The General says he thinks he will
lave to confiscate that, madam," he an
"By what authority does he do it?"
ho returned ; "can't I at least see him
md ask him for it?"
MI asked him to let me bring you to
lim, but he declines to have an intnr
riow," said the Major.
"Very well," she said ; but she had
nade up her mind to seo Milroy before
ihe left the building.
?ACE TO FACE WITH TUE GENERAL..
She kept carefully in the rear of the
party as they*came down the stairs, and
ust opposite the foot of the first landing
the noticed a door with Milroy's name
>n it, and under it "private room.'
3,uick ss thought her hand was on thc
?nob and the door open before any o
ho party in front had an idea cf it
?iure enough there she stood face to fac<
with*this conquering hero. He stood ot
he rug in front of the fire, and lookec
in amazement from one to the other o
the party who had now joined her.
"I came for my pistol, Gen. Milroy,'
said the owner of it, in a tone of voici
which seemed to preclude the possibility
jf a doubt an to her getting it, and soe
icg ii ?y?og on one end of ina mantel
piece she advanced towards it as shi
The old General was taken as com
pletely by surprise as if a masked bat
tery had been opened in his rear. H
looked first Rt ono and then the other, a
if to demand the cause of this intrusion
cvhen Major McGee came to the rescue
"The young lady insisted upon seeinj
you herself, General, and came in of he
own accord to see if abo could not re
cover her property."
"Well," jerked out the old General it
a spasmodic sort of away, "it is a euri
ous ornament for a lady, but I guess yo
can have it."
He apparently realized that there wa
no getting rid of so importunate a gil
in any other way.
Major McGee now handed it to he:
and thanking him, she said : "I do nc
wear it as an ornament, General, bi
Sud it a necessary protection in the pre:
ent state of the country."
Maj. McGee, who had seemed a
along to regret the arrest, or as soon t
it became evident that nothing on th
part' of the girls had merited it, no*
said : "General, can you not give thee
ladies a pass to go beyond your lin?
"Certainly," said he, "I will," as 3
anxious to get rid of them on any teran
"Thank you, General, but I think th
next pass that carries us up the Valle
will be signed by Gen. Jackson," sai
one of them.
"Do you suppose for a moment," sal
their elder sister, "that I would let thai
run the risk again that they have ju
"But, madam, it would not occt
again," said he.
"I am very sorry, sir ; but I contd ht\\
no faith in any guarantee that yon coal
give me after this, so we will bid ye
good morning and bide oar time."
So saying they left the apartmen
The pistol was held aloft, as they reache
th? street below, in token of the victoi
they had gained, for throngs of acqnain
anees waited to near the cause and rein
of this unwarranted arrest.
TRYING TO MAKE TOAOS. .
Milroy sent several times, offering tba
passes, transportation ana an escoi
under flag of truce, to any point np tl
Valley, but they invariably returned tb
same answer that bad first been given
this offer : "That Gen. Jackson woal
sign their next passport up tbe Valley
Alas! they little knew that the fe
mortal Jackson wonld never more retui
to bis beloved Valley.
Major McGee waa sent antin, to solic
their acceptance of thia oser, and upc
.gain failing, he said : "Is there notl
lng that I eau do for yon to show y<
bow heartily sorry I am for the who
affair, and especially my part in lit*
"Nothing at all," che said, but upc
reflection, added, There ia one thin,
Major. I would like to write my father
a true account of how we have been
treated, and say all I think about it.
Would you promise to send the letter by
?fino; of truce?' "
"I will," he replied, "with pleasure."
"But," said she, "remember, if I say
all I think it will not be very compli
mentary to a good many who wear tho
Uulted States uniform. Gen. Milroy,
Icaat of all, and if he sees the letter I
am nure it won't bo sent at alt"
"He shall not geo It, I promise, and it
shall go," said he.
"Very well, I will venture it," she ro
"Is lt impossible lo convince you that
I mean what I say ?" ho answered im
"Well, Major, it is right hard, I con
fess, to convince mo that any good thing
cane?me out of Nazareth, after the ex
perience we have just bad." But, as the
sequel proves, eho did him sn injustice,
for Bhe wrote an account of it to her
fattier, and such a ono as would never
have gone under an ordinary Mae of
truce. She seut it sealed to Major Mc
Gee himself, and her father certainly re
ceived it, just as it was written. So he
kept his word, mitring ono of the excep
tions which provc-d the rule that sho had
applied to tho majority.
GEN. CLUSEUET'S RESIGNATION.
It became apparent now why Milroy
had shown such anxiety to have these
young ladies go South. Gen. CluBeret,
who had given thom the pass, made use
of such language to bia superior officer
because the pass that he bad given bad
been dishonored thal ho caused him to
be placed under arrest. Whereupon he
(CluReret) resigned and demanded an in
vestigation and sent the officer who had
so kindly befriended the girls at tho
picket post and afterward* to request
them to appear as witnesses in his behalf.
But their friends, fearing they might be*
come further involved, declined to allow
them to appear, and Gen. Clusoret left
tho Uuiteu States army finally, becauao
be bad not joined it, ho said, ti fight
IN FOREIGN LANDS.
Correspondence of (fie Intelligencer.
Tho American, to whom tho sight of a
soldier in uniform is a novelty, will bcd
tho vast military organizations of the
European nations especially notable. In
particular is this the case in Germany,
where, with a standing nrrhy of nearly
half a million men, soldiers are every
where present, and almost every town
has its barracks and garrison. This
nation, with a population equal to that
of the United States, supports au army
which ou a peace basis is more than
twenty times as large as our own and on
a war footing, numbers over a million
and a quarter of men. In fact the con
tinual presence of the military becomes a
most decided nuisance, and one cannot
help compariug the condition of this
army-burdened land with America,
where, thank God, our surroundings do
not require BUCU vast and expensive
From Frankfort to Berlin is a tiresome
ride of nearly four hundred miles, with
but little of interest along tho route.
Tho country is densely populated and as
ia the case throughout nearly all Ger
many the land is under good cultivation.
No cattle are seen grazing in the fieldB
here or elsewhere in Europe, excepting
in the mountainous regions, the soili' ?
system being used on account of i ie
greater economy of land. In conse
quence of this, but few fences are seen
and the waste and expense of that class
of boundary linen is rendered unneces
sary. Berlin, the capital of the German
Empire, is situated on the river Spree
and has a population of about 1,100,000.
It is a well built city, but as is the case
: in many European capitals, the newer
portions beyond tho gates are much more
elegant than tho central and older sec
tions. The principal street of Berlin is
"Unterden Linden," which extends
Westward from the Schloss, or old royal
Eal nco, about ono milo to the Branden
urg gate. Let no one say there is noth
I lng in a name. How all that is roman
tic responds to one mere suggestion of
moonlight walks under the lindens, with
fair haired and blue eyed Gorman you tba
and maidens whispering sweet words of
love ; but mrtonlight wider the basswoods
is a vet/ different thing ; our romantic
associations are all gone, and nothing
remains but angular and awkward speci
mens of humanity, discussing the merits
of Limburger cheese or the prospects of
the courkrout crop. But tho street itself,
although famous, is a disappointing one,
It ia broad and well kept, but the afore
said lindeus are many of them not yet
of a sufficient size to render a very impos
ing appearance, while they serve to ob
Httuct the view. Tho Brandenburg gate
WAS modelled after tbe Propylaca ol
Athens and ia regarded as the finest arc fa
in Europe, next to the Arc de Triomphe
at Paris. It is surmounted by a* colossal
four-horse car of Victory, which was taker
to Paris by tbe French in 1806 but wai
returned in 1814. The museums, whicl
are located near the centre of the city
constitute one of the largest and mos
valuable collections in Europe. The]
aro especially rich in ancient Greciai
statuary, the collection far exceeding tha
of the British Museum. Thc pTctun
galleries are extensive and contain man]
works of the best artists, both ancient ant
modern. The government buildings an
worthy of no especial mention ana nev
ones are soon to be erected ; the come
stone of the new Parliament house bav
lng been laid about tbe time of our visit
A few miles W< at of Berlin is Pots
dam, the famous residence of Frederic!
the Great. His palace, with the room
occupied by him remaining in thei
original condition, ia near the statioi
and bot a short diatanco to tho West i
the Garrison Church, where, in a plaii
black coffin, without tablet or ornaments
lion, rest the remains of the great king
with his father, Frederick William I, b
bis side, in the same chapel. Sans Souci
ballt by Frederick as a retreat from can
and where he pasted the last years of bl
life, ls bot a mile and a half distant an
in toe vicinity are many other pointe c
interest which time will not permit us t
Dresden, the "German Florence," aa i
ii frequently called, ?a anent one hue
dred m ilea Booth of Berlin, on the El bi
which dlvldee the city into two parte. 1
?B famous for ito art collections an
mus?ums, and also foe its China, th
Sirincipal manufactories of which are
cw miles ont of the city. The Zwinge
in which are located the principal attrat
tiona, ls an immense pile of building
only a short distance from the river an
sear the old palace of the kings <
Saxony. It contains the Historia
Museum, the Museum of Otete, tb
Hassum of Mineralogy, the Mussum <
National History, the Mus DU m of Er
graving* and the worlcTo famous pictni
callory. This collection consista of nbot
2,500 paintings and is one of thu ?uest in
Europe. It includes the Sistine Madon
na, regarded by many critics as the first
painting in the world. The Madonna,
of heroic sizo, is represented as standing
upon the clouds and holding tbe child in
her arms, while she looks iuto tho dis
tance with a far-away expression as
though she would fathom the future. On
the left ?B Pope 8t. Sixtus and cu the
right St. Uarbora, while below are the
two cherubs whoso happy faces are
familiar tho world over. There is an
indescribable charm about the picture
which draws one again aud again from
other parts of the gallery, to gase on the
wondrous beauty of tho mother and tho
divino solemu loveliness of the child.
Tbe gallery also contai us Correggio's
Mngdalens, Sassoferrato's Steeping Veuus
and many other masterpieces of the
world's most famous artists.
After onioyiug, as *n?ny Americans
have, a visit to these wonderful art col
lections which have been in process of
accumulation by these governments for
centuries, it is somewhat humiliating to
read, as wo did, in telegraph dispatches
a few days later that our wiso (?) men
assembled at Washington had refused by
an overwhelming volo and in diroct oppo
sition to the wishes of American artists,
both at homo and abroad, to even re
duce the duty on works of art ; thus cue
cessfully "protecting" American painters
against ono of tho best means of improve
ment and rendering probable and just the
immediate enforcement of retaliatory
measures by tho authorities in theso
jreat centres of art study.
Vienna, or "Wien," as tho German
itath it, was our uext Btopping point, and
this also necessitated a long wearisome
?ournev of nearly four hundred miles
(rom Dresden, with but little to beak tber
mouotony of the trip. This city, which
aas a population only a trifle- smaller
.ban tho Prussian capital, is not located
DU the Danube river as is usually sup
posed, but upon tho Danubo canal, a
miall branch of thc main stream. The
)ld fortifications, which entirely sur
rounded tho ancient city, were all leveled
n 1857 and a broad avcuue, known as
ho "Ring Strasse," constructed in their
jlaco. This Btreet which ia ono of the
?nest wo bavo yet seen in Europe, Hepa
-ates the ancient and modern portions of
.he city, the former with crooked streets
ind a medieval aspect being within and
he latter, one of the most inviting on tho
lontincut, without its borders, lite priu
:ipal public buildings, governmental
Alices, etc., aro all located on tho Ring
ttrasso and here too waa tho famous Ring
neutre, tho burning of which a few years
tgo and tho terrible loss of life in the
hxu 'jB, sent such a thrill of horror
hr'-ighout Christendom. Extensive
>uilditigs are alao being erected on the
'Ring" into which, when completed, tho
irt collections, etc., will be gathered.
L'he Belvedere gallery ?B the principal
:ollection of paintings and is a large and
raluable one. It is divided into two
ections, tho Italian and Netherlandish
icboolB, and each contains a large mint
ier of the works of the most famous mas
ers. Tho Liechtenstein gallery, a private
:ollection, also includes some excellent
ipccimens, together with many inferior
vorks, the total number being about 1,600.
Numerous Btatues adorn the parks and
iquarea of tho city, the most interesting
>eing that of Prince Schwartzenburg,
vt'o commanded at the three days' battle
>1 Leipaic, which was thc first step in
he final overthrow of tho great
Napoleon. The unfavorable condition of
iuBtrian finances ?B evident, even to a
?tranger, from tho circulation of a
iepreciated fractional paper rreucy,
lomewbat similar to the "shiuplasters"
lurrent in America during the "late un
>leasantnes8." Tbo German language
s almost universally spoken and the
[loman Catholic is tho prevailing religion;
ibout twenty-eight of the thirty-seven
nillion population belonging to that
aita, the balance beim; divided among
Protestants, Jews, the Greek Church, etc.
The Bcenery of the Danube at Borne
ocalities above Vienna is said to com
>are favorably with that of the Rbine ;
mt is not of sufficient interest to justify
(pending the time required for the trip,
'.onsequently we take a train and are
vhirled on to Munich, the ancient capt
ai of the kiugdom of Bavaria, avoiding
Salzburg aa oue of the humbugs of
Europe. In ita public buildings and its
?ollections of art, Munich 1B one of the
richest cities of Europe. It is localed
ipon the "Isar, flowing rapidly" and is
-cry irregular in its streets and general
lian. Like Vienna, it has a broad boole*
/ard occupying the place of its old forn
ications and separating the ancient from
.ho modern city. The Royal Palace,
certain portions of which are open to the
oublie each day, contains a large num
ber of articles of interest, but the great
est attraction is a series of halls, on the
iralls of which are some of the finest fres
hes of modern times ; illustrating events
o the lives of Charlemagne, and Fred
erick Barbarossa and also giving scenes
from Nibelungen-lied. The old Pina*
;olhek, or picture gallery, contains about
1,500 paintings, including 00 by Rubens
ind a largo representation of tho other
Of course in these vast collections it is
Impossible to givo even a passing glance
?t a large portion of the pictures, and
in many cases more would not be desira
ble ; aa even in the Lest galleries there
fire many which, to the uncultivated eye
st least, are of but little interest, while
mose which have become world famous
ire sufficient to occupy all the time which
in ordinary tourist can command. The
Frequent recurrence of the Virgin and
Child as a subject for paiuting also
becomes somewhat monotonous, we hav
ing counted no less than thirty-two rep
resentations of tho virgin In a saloon
containing only fifty-eight pictures. The
new Plnacothek is devoted to modern art
ind ita 600 paintings include some of the
best works of Piloty, Hess, Rottman,
Zimmerman and others, while the Glyp
tothek, or gallery of ancient sculptures,
presents a remarkably well classified
collection, together with several magnifi
cent specimens from Canovn, Thorwals
Jen and others of our own day.
In the Northwestern portion of the city
is the famous bronze foundry, formerly
the property of the Royal family, bat
sow owned by privat? parties. Here
many of the bronze statues which have
been erected in the United States within
the part few years were cast. Wo notice
In tho museum attached full sized models
?f the colossal equestrian statue of Wash*
ington, erected in Richmond and of the
itatnea of Patrick Henry, Webster, Jef
ferson, Marshall, Everett, Lincoln and
many others erected in different cities of
Dur land, together with tbe models of the
mist bronze doors of tho capitol at
Washington, representing scenes in the
[if? of Columbus, besides many models
?f statues erected all over Europe and lu
ether parts of tb? globe. The different
processes of making the molds, casting,
polishing, etc. aro all shown, but space
aili not permit a description here ; and
ia oar time is limited, we again pass on
ind at Heidelberg, nearly 800 miles to
me Northwest, with its grand old castle
md ito famous university, we will leave
Dur readers to recover from the rapid
travel they have had. in thia letter.
NOTIFYING THE NEXT PRESIDENT.
Governor Cleveland'* Reply.
ALBANY, N. Y., July 29.-~Tho cern
milieu of notification met at 10 a. m..
Col. Vilaa presiding. It was arrangea
that the committee should visit the Gov
ernor at 3.30 p. m. After signing the
otlicial letter the committee adjourned
uutil3p.ru. The rain, which had ceased
at noon, set in again about 2 o'clock.
Despite the weather Pearl Btreot and
Broadway were lined with people stand
ing under tho shelter of umbrellas. About
tho headquarters of Phalanx No. 53,
State street, the crowd was greatest. At
a little bofore 3 o'clock the Phalanx
formed ou State street ono hundred and
twenty strong. They were attired In
clark suits, high whito hnts and carried
canes. Preceded by the Albany City
band they marched through State street
iuto Broadway and into tho Dolnvan
House, where tho throng was so great
that the streets and sidewalks were al
most impnsHablo. Hero carriages' to the i
number of forty wero providod for the ,
distinguished statesmen composing tho j
About 3.35 o'clock tho procession got
under way, headed by tho band. The , ,
Phalanx marched up Broadway followed
by tho committee in carriages. The
Governor's residence was reached about i,
4 o'clock. Au immense concourso of j,
poople was assembled about the Execu
tive Mansion nud police wero stntieucd <
about to prevent injurious trespass upon J
tho grounds surrounding tho residence. t
Tho guests were promntin arriving, and
?lieu tho members ol' the two commit- ,.
tees were provided for there was very J
little extra spaco. Tho ceremony took (
place iu the largo and handsome main ,
parlor of tho mansion. Tho only at- .
tempt at adornment was Been ia hugo
banka of flowers, which rested upon tho ,
nante!? of tho parlor and library.
Tho ceremony was brief but exceed- ,
iogly impressive. The arrival of tho j
jommittces iu a body was the nigua! for
concentration in tho main parlor. Thoro (
.ho committco of notification took a po* t
lition at tho south end of tho room and <;
ho members of the National committee (
)n the north. Space WOB reserved in tho (
..entre, aud ns soon as preparations were ,
completed the Governor entered through ,
ho maiu hallway, stauding with his r
jack to the flower-banked mantel. The f
IndicB of tho party stood near the Gov- j
srnor at his loft. His appearance at the
loorwny waa tho Bignal tor a hearty and ?
tpontaneous outburst of hand clapping, t
?vhich contiuued for Bevoral minutes.
\s soon as this subsided, Col. W. F.
v*ilas, of Wisconsin, Chairman of the ,
ate Democratic National Convention -
ind of the notification committee, step- L
ied slightly forward and addresing the
Governor iu z clear, resonant tono and J
villi marked enthusiasm, said : j.
"Grover Cleveland, Governor of tho ?
itnto of Now York : These gentlemen,
ny associates here presout, whose voico ,
[ am honored with authority to utter, are
he committeo appointed by the National
Democratic Convention which recently 1
isaembled in Chicago, and charged with
he grateful duty of acquainting you ofli- *
dally, and in that solemn and ceremo- ,
2?ous mininer which tbe diguity and im- ,
wrtance of the communication demand,
villi the interesting result of its delibe
-ations already known to you through ,
be ordinary channels of news. Sir, that ,
.ugust body, convened by direct delega
ron from the Democratic people of the :
l?verai States and Territories of the Re- ,
public, aud deliberating under wiuioss of :
Ibo greatest assembly of free men ever
gathered to such a conference, in fore*
hougbt of the election which the Con* J
ititution imposes on them to make du- .
'ing the current year, have nominated ?
rou to the people of these United States
,o be their President for the next ensu
ng term of that great office, and, with
'rave consideration of its exalted respon- .
libilities, have confidently invoked their ?
uGragea to invest you with its functions.
Through this committee the Convention's
ligh requirement is delivered that you .
iccept that candidacy. This choice car- .
?ics with it profound personal respect and
idmiration, out it boa been in no manner
die fruit of these sentiments. The
National Democracy seeks a President,
iot lo compliment for what a man is, or .
-eward for what he has done, but in the :
uat expectation of what he will accom
plish as the true servant of a free people,
lt for their lofty trust. Always of mo
neuU.ua consequence, they conceive the '
public exigency to be now of transcon
laut importance ; that laborious reform
n administration, as well as legislation,
a imperatively necessary to the prosperity
md honor of the Republic, and a compe
tent Chief Magistrate must be of unusual
emper and power. They have observed
with attention your execution of the
public trusta you have held, especially of
that with which you are now so honorably
invested. They place their reliance for
the usefulness of the service they expect |
to exact for tbe benefit of the nation
jpon the evidence derived from the
lorvices you have performed for the State 1
>f New York. They invite the electors
to such proof of character gnd compe
tence to justify their confidence in the
nation as heretofore in the State. Public
business will be administered with com
mensurate intelligence and ability, with
single hearted honesty and fidelity, and
with a resolute and daring fearlessness
which no faction, no combination, no
power of wealth, no mistaken clamor
can dismay or qualify. Ia the spirit of
wisdom, invoking the wisdom of the
Divine Creator of the Universe, we
??bailongo from the sovereignty - of the
nation His words in commendation and
ratification of our choice: 'Well done,
thou good and faithful servant I Thou
bast been faithful over a few things; I
will make thee ruler over many things.'
In further fulfillment of our duty the
Secretary will now present a written
communication signed by the commit
Gol. Villas was several times inter
rupted by applause. At the close of bis I
remarks the Hon. Nicholas M. Bell, of
Missouri, Secretary of the Committee,
read the following formal address pre
pared by the committee :
"Nsw YOBK, Joly 28, 1884.-To the
Hon. Grover Cleveland, of New York
3ir: In accordance with the custom be
fitting the nature of the communication,
the undersigned, representing tbe several
States and Territories of the Union,
ftere appointed a committee by the Na
tional Democratic Convention which
isaembled at Chicago on the 8th day of
the current month to perform tba pleas
ing office, which by this means we have
the honor to execute, of informing you
>f yonr nomination as a candidato of th?
Democratic party in the ensuing election
for the office of President of tho United
State?. A declaration of principles opon
which the Democracy go before, the
people with the hope of establishing aud
naintaining them In the Government
ivas made ny tho Convention, and an
ragroaeed copy thereof is submitted !n
sonnection with thia communication for
roar consideration. We . trust the ap
proval of your judgment will follow an
)x am i nation of the expression of thin
?pinion and policy upon tho political
xmtroversy now made up. Wo Invite
four acceptance of the exalted leadership1
to which you havo boon chosen. The
election of a President is an event of the
utmost Importance to tho people, as
American prosperity, growth, happiness,
poace, 'ana liberty even, may depend
upon its wise ordering. Your unanimous
nomination is proof that the Democracy
believe that your election will most
contribute to secure those great objects.
We assure you that in the anxious
responsibilities you must assume as can
didate you will nave the steadfast, cordial
Bupport of the friends of the cauBO you
will represent, and in the execution
of tho' duties of tho high ofilce
which wo confidently expect from tho
wisdom of the nation to bo conferred
upon you, you may securely roly for
approving aid upon tho patriotism, honor
and intelligence of this free people."
(Signed by all tho members of .the
Governor Cievelatid, who had stood
meanwhile as an intcut listener, replied
its follows :
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of tho
Committee : Your announcement does
not of course convey to mo tho first
Information of tho result of tho Conven
tion lately hold by tho Democracy of tho
nation, and yet when I liston to your
message I seo about mo repr?sentatives
from all parts of tho laud of tho great
party which, claiming to bo tho party of
the people, asks them to entrust to it the
idruluiatratioti of their Government, and
when I consider, under tho influence) of
tho stern reality which tho prosont sur*
rouudiugs create, that I have hoon chosen
;o represent tho plans, purposes and
jolicy of tho Democratic party. I Eta
profoundly impressed by tho solemnity
>f tho occasion and by too responsibility
)f my position. Though I gratefully 1
tppreciato, I do not at this moment
:ongratulato myself upon tho distin
guished honor which has been conferred
ipon mo, because my mind is full of
inxious desiro to perform well the part
vhich has been assigned to mo. Nor do
[ at this momont forgot that tho rights
iud interests of moro thau fifty millions ;
if my fellow-citizens are involved in our
dior tu to gaiu Democratic supremacy.
Chis reflection presents to my mind tho 1
ionoidoratlon which, more than all '
ithers, gives to tho action of my party 1
i convontion assotnblcd its most sobor 1
iud Bcrious aspect. Tho party and its j
epresontatives which ask to he entrusted !
it tho hands of tho people with tho 1
iceping of all that concerns their welfare
ind their safoty should only ask it with 1
i full appreciation of tho sacredness of !
ho trust, and with the firm resolve to
idminister it faithfully and well.
I am a Democrat, becauso I bolievo
hat this truth lies at tho bottom of truo
Democracy. I have kept tho faith,
?ecauso I believe if rightly and fairly
idministercd and applied Democratic
loctrines and measures will insure the
inppiness. contentment, and prosperity of
bo people. If in the contest upon
; h ic li we now enter we steadfastly hold
o the underlying principles of our party
reed, and at all times keep in viewjjtho
leople's good, wo shall be strong becauso
re aro true to ourselves, and becauso the
ilain and independent voters of the land
rill seek by their suffrages to compass
heir release from party tyranny where
hero should bo submission to popular
rill, and their protection from party
orruption where there should be devo*
ion to the people's interests. These
honghts lend consecration to our causo,
ind we go forth not morely togalo a par?
isan advantage, but pledged to give to
hose who trust us the utmost benefits of
in honest administration of national
.flairs. No higher purpose or motive
an stimulate us to supremo effort or urge
IB.to continuous earnest labor and effect
ve party organization. Let us not fail
n this, and we may confidently hope to
cap tho full reward of patriotic services
ten performed. I have thus called to
aind simple truths, and, trite though
hey are, it seems to me we do weil to
Iwell upon them at this time. I shall
oon, I nope, signify in tho usual formal
nauner my acceptance) of tho nomina
ion which has been tendered to mo. In
he meantime I gladly groot you all as
:o-workers in the noble cause."
The Governor spoke extemporaneously
ind not without evidence of deep earnest
less and feeling. He seemed to realize
he weight of responsibility which rested
ipon bis shoulders os the standard-bear
ir of the party. His address waa not
inly a model ono in thought, but was
lelivered with rare grace and effect.
The congratulations that were shower
jd upon him by the many distinguished
leaders of the party at the close of tho
ioremooies were sincere and hearty.
After some time spent in social inter*
;ouroo the doors of the dining-room were
iv/ung open and refreshments werepar
An informal reception was hold at tho
Port Orange Club on Washington avenue
late in the afternoon.
The city was alive with enthusiasm to
ugh t. The Democratic Phalanx, 120
itrong, made a short parade before es
corting tho speakers to the halla of as
lemblage. Their route of march was
nade brilliant by colored lights and
>yrotechnics. In spite of the drizzling
rain both Music Hall and the Leland
Jpera Honse were filled to overflowing.
Due auditoriums were neatly decorated
vith flags and portraits) of the Demo
Facts About the Human Body.
The skin contains more than two
nillions of openings, which aro the out
eta of an equal number-of sweat glands.
A human skeleton consists of more
han two hundred distinct bones.
An amount of blood equal to the
[uantity in the body passes through the
?eart every minnie.
The full capacity of the lungs is about
hree hundred aaa twenty cubic inches.
About two-thirds of a pint of air ia
inhaled and exhausted at each breath in
The stomach daily prodnoes nine
K>unds of gastric Juice for digestion of
bod ; ita capacity Is about five pinta.
There are more than five bandied sep
irate muscles in the body with an equal
lamber of nerves and blood vessels.
The weight of the heart ia from eight
o twelve ounces. It beats one hundred
bousand times in 24 hoars.
Each perspiration duct ia one-fonrth of
in inch in length, which will make the
aggregate length of the whole about nine
The avenge man takes five and one
utlf pounds of food each day, which
.mounts to one ton of solid nourishment
A man breathes eighteen times a min
ite, and three thousand cable feet, or
tbout tare? hundred and seventy-five
logheads of air per hour.
- Oar townsman Mr; a L. Beid, had
be misfortune to be painfully injured on
he 16th Inst* Ho with hts little son
rere .stated in a wagra'drawn by a male,
Hie malo ran away and threw Mr. Reid
Ad his llttlo son oat of the wagon, in
seting severo wounds end braises about
heir persons. Fortuaatoiy no bone*
Toro brokou.-KC?ICCS Courier.
ARI? AND THE NEURO?
If o Hollo veo In the Growing Power of the
I was ridiug along on the railroad the
other day, when we stopped at a station
and a colored "scurehion" got oa and
settled down all around me. '.'hoy were
well dressed and well behaved, out when
the conductor came along after tickets
two of, them had no tickets and no
money. Ile Btoppod tho train in the
woods and put them off. I was sorry for
the rascals, for they did waut to go so
bad. I asked somo of tho crowd why
they dident lend them some money, and
they showed their pearly teeth anti said:
"Wo knows dem niggers; dey nobber
nay back. Dem nigger's like a broke
bank-dey owes everybody now. Dey
just try i ii* to slip aud elide along, tink
de conductor no find 'em. You know,
bo?s, dar is always somo sheep among'de
goats." Well, there arc, and Bometimea
I think tho darky expressed it right,
though ho didcut mono it. Thcro aro a
power of goats iu this sublunary world,
and if it was not for a few sheep scatter
ed, society and law and order would bo
in a bad ?x.
But I like tho uiggcr. I Uko him
botter than I did leu years ngo. I can
look back and icmeuibcr what ho was
soon after tho war, and I am satisfied be
is improving. lie works better and is
moro respectful. He hos almost quit
politics and settled down to bis natural
condition. I don't know so well about
i?ic i?-ii i and cities, but the country
niggers are doing very well where they
aro mixed up with white folks in the
right proportion. Most all negroes are
good natured, aud love to depend on the
white man, but the white man must treat
them fairly and kindly, and act like he
was not only a master but a friend. The
negro is conscious of bis inferiority and
is content with it. Ho likes a man who
ordora him around in a dignified way
better than a man who puts himself on
an equality with him. Tho white man
was born to command and tho negro
knows it. Tho white man ranks him,
and rank is a thing recognized and sub
mitted to everywhere, and bas beeu in
nil ages, and it is right. Rank is .tho
safeguard ot the social circle. I rank
somo folks and some folks rank me, and
wo are all happier and feel moro at ease
in our circles than in thoso above us. I
n-as once invited to a party in a fashion
able city, and Ibero woro distinguished
?entlemen there and splendid ladies, and ?
put on my very best behavior, and aller
while a lady friend called me out on the
varundah and iaugiugly told me that the
hostess, a lovely andaccomplisbed lady,
mid to her : "Oh, my dear, I do feel so
much relieved, for I dident know Mr.
Arp and was afraid ho was rough aud
common, and wouldont know how to
behave in thts elegant company, but I
Bud bim to bo a perfect gentleman."
You soo they ranked mo audi knew it,
but I came out pretty well. When I told
Mrs. Arp about it she said : " Well, I
iont wonder at it, for you write so much
foolishness the pooplo who dont know us
think we are all crackers." Then she
looked away off, and added : "But I
iont caro. I know what you are, and it's
nobody's business. We caa have gentle
men here as well as there. Some folks
Iont know a gentleman when they see
bim." "But you do, my dear," said I.
'You always did. You had that knowl
3dge away back yonder, and that is the
"Never mind that now." said she ;
"that .wl? do. Thsbsafco??w are isl*
taken sometimes." And oho resumed
Tho negro is a good invention, and he
.viii continuo to bo good as long as he ls
% negro. When they try to set him up
with a hifalutin education and make a
whito man of him, he becomes a new
creature and a public naisance. The
colored colleges are turning out a email
jet every year, but where are they and
what are they doing. The men are vaga
bonds, and tho women arc-well, ask
anybody who knows. A man said to me
not long ago that tbe fact that the negro
was capable of a high order of education
waa proof enough that they ought to have
it. There was an educated hog exhibited
In Rome some years ago, and he could
snell your name with cards,.and tell tho
time of day on a watch. So I suppose
we ought to set up all the hogs tu a
Now, tho negro is a distinct creation cf
the Almighty, and has original traits arni
instincts aa all the mixed"nations pave.
He loves the present goody; and has no
morbid desire to accumulate riches.
Unlike tho white man he rarely cheats
or swindles anybody. Cheating, swind
ling, overreaching, deceiving ls the sin
of our raee-the foundation of all the
civil snits in our courts-but the negroes.
dont do it. They are more sinning
against than sinning in that regard. The
whito man will steal on a large scale if
he is mean enough to steal at'all.. The
more he gets the helter satisfied he Is.
But tho negro wont* He wouldent rob a
bank. If bo found a pocketbook with a
big roll of money iu it ho would take it
to some white man ; bat he will pick up
little things like a chicken, or a bushel of
corn, ora dollar, o; a breastpin with a
serene and peaceful conscience. Small
pilfering is the extent of his capacity
and the extent of bis Inclination. When
my darky finds a ben's nest and brings
me half the eggs I thank him. When
oar cook bides away a little Hour Mrs.
Arp shuts her eyes and cays nothing, for
lt hurts their feelings so bad to bo accus
ed when they are guilty. ,
But for hard Work, contented work,
humble work, who could take- their placea
on the farms and on the drays, and the
steamboats and the railroads? Who
would do the whito man's bidding with
so little murmtirlog and eo ranch cheer
fulness 1 The negro is still an imp or taut:
factor in onr south om homes mid cou th
orn industries, and I hope be will rem ai ti.
He is grafted on to tho southern tree.
Other nations have been transplanted,**
and live and prosper. Tho Jews, like '
the missletoe, fasten and feed upon every
tree, hut they have preserved their hah-' .*
its, their religion' and their nationality*
Then let tho negro alono. ' My faith Is
that a wise Providence will take care cf
him and of m
The First Electric Bead.
GIJWX&AND, OHIO, joly 27,.--Thofire?
electric railroad for public uso fa Amer* :
icawent into operation la ^hi^?s^pls
teroay in connection with tho Efl**
Cleveland Street Railroad Company, who
have just completed a mila: of electric '
road. The experiment was so enccesafoi
that th* company expect to change their
entire system, comprising over swenty
miles, into electric road. Tho system
tuted was a cowbiantiua of tho Brush
and Knight and Bentley jfyateme,, and
tho current waa carried on underground
conductora laid in conduits like these nf
.he cable roads. The cara were- etatted,
stopped and reversed with tho greatest
ease. Any .number of. cars up to fifteen
can bo ran at: a tims cn using'fli circuit
and from ono tnachincf. which Ja ft walt
not - attained by sav.'of tito ^?o^ja? ;
lyat?na now ia opersuoi). .