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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, August 21, 1884, Image 1

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li Y E. B. MURKAY ?fe CO.
ANDERSON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 21, 1884.
VOLUME XX.-NO. 6.
O?R WOMEN IN TM WAR.
THE FALL OF RICHMOND.
A MEMORABLE SUNDAY IN TUE
CONFEDERATE CAl'ITAL.
yirglnia E. Dade, of Walkington, D. C., in '
CluirUiton Weekly hew?.
The Spring of I860 found my younger
.sister Fanny and myself living at the
corner of Franklin and <-streets,
Richmond, Virginu. We were room
keeping there, and in the same house
lived>twelve ur fifteen other ladies aud a
few gentlemen, mostly wounded and dis
charged soldiers, or men otherwiso inca
pacitated for duty in the field, and who
were now serving in tho various Govern
ment departments in the city.
As "room keeping" is a term and modo
of life Which had its origin in the war,
some explanation may bo necessary.
Richmond WBH SO crowded by the women
and children who had sought refuge
there when their homes were taken
possession of by tho advancing Federal
forces, that rents soon became incredibly
high, and it was rarely the case thnt a
single family, even of largo means, could
afford to occuoy a whole house to them
selves, and even the mansions of the
rich were pointed at with indignation
and contempt if they were known to
have one unoccupied chamber while RO
many homeless refugees were begging for
shelter. Consequently a house of aver
se rd zo would usually contain frpm two
to six families, each occupying one, two
or ibv?t? rooms, and eaeh having their
own private table, but t?ll using a com
mon parlor when the guests to be enter
tained were not intimate enough to bu
brought to the family room. We had to
practice tho closest economy even in the
veriest necessaries of life, counting out
the potatoes for dinner and the grains of I
coffee for breakfast, when wo were so
fortunato as to have tho grains to count.
My sieder and I always mannged to
have a slice of meat apiece once a day,
yet, if an unexpected visitor came in the
slices would have to be judiciously cut a
little thinner to moko them''goaronnd."
The necessity for such economy will be
readily understood when I quoto from my
book of household expenses, March, 1866,
ono barrel flour $300, one pound coffee
?40, one pound butter $25, one pound
beefsteak $3, ?fcc, &c. At the Bame time
wo were paying $80 a pair for shoes and
$-1 or $5 apiece.for spool cotton.
If owever, out of our very scantiness
we sometimes made good jokes. Usually
there weald be but ono cook for the
entire household, a colored woman who
would cook often for five or six different
families, and it was wonderful how she
would keep tho different lots of provis
ions separate, always making for each
family a loaf of bread hot for breakfast
every morning, and sending up to each
the exact quantity of flour or number of j
potatoes Bent down to her. I remember
though one very ludicrous mistake which
occurred in thin connection. I had given
out for dinner for my eistor and myself I
two slices of ham, two largo sweet po
tatoes and a cup of rice ; our dinner was
served, and my sister had just helped
herself ta ooeof the potatoes and broken
it open when a little mulatto girl came 1
running in, in eager baste, exclaiming :
"Aunt Chany say how dat Mis' Brown
tater you got!" And eure enough on
looking at tho smoking tuber, which
Fannie was at that moment raising to her
mouth, I found that it wa? a red skinned
"tater,''' while ali that I bad bought were
yellow. However, the mischief was j
quickly remedied, the pieces placed
together and carried to Mrs. Brown, and
in ono which she senf. back I readily
recognized, by ita rotund shape, my owb
golden "sweet."
A MEMORABLE SUNDAY.
Sunday was always a day prolific of I
startling rumors, owing, I suppose, to
personB on that day being idle and prone j
to collect in groups at street corners and
other convenient places of rendezvous,
and any little passing spark of a report
of a battle, a retreat, or any other mili
tary movement waa soon caught and
fanned into a flame, gathering in volume
as it flew from street to street.
On the memorable Sunday, 2d April,
1865, having been kept from church by
the illness of my Bister, about the time I
that I supposed the congregations would
bo dispersing fror?? their various places of
worship I stepped to tba door to inquire
from any passing acquaintance the nowa
from "the front:" for ail that dav and
for many previous the battle had been
raging around Petersburg, ard the dis
tant roar of artillery hftdTreor." sounding
in our eau ibo death-knoll, vo feared, of
many of oui loved and loving ones, and
what was scarcely lesa dear to us, the
fate of the "Southern Confederacy" was
banging in the balance. At any moment
we might hear either a shout of triumph
brought from our victorious army, or trie
nows of a defeat which would be the
crushing out of our last hope, for on
Gen. Lee's success there we all felt de
pended tbe life of our young nation.
The first person I saw at the door waa
a fellow-lodger, Miss Bowers, who came
tottering up the steps, pale and agitated,
exclaiming: "Ob! have you heard the
dreadful news ? Gen. Lee's right flank
baa given way : he has been compelled
to retreat, and Richmond is to be evacu
ated immediately j . While Dr. H?ge was
in the midst of his sermon a messenger
cama hurriedly into the church, walked
up the aisle, banded bim a note, and
quickly left.. Dr. H?ge glanced anxious
ly over the mysterious naper, bowed bia
head for a moment in silence on his desk,
tben rising said: 'Brethren, trying
scenes are bef?te ns. Gen. Lee has been
defeated ; but remember that God is with
us in the nora aa well as in the calm.
Go quietly to yon? homes, and whatever
may be in store for na let us not forget
that we are Christian men and women, !
and may the protection and blessing of I
the Father, 8on and Holy Ghost be with
you all.' Tearfully, for the congregation
was composed almost exclusively of
women and children, but with a silence
that told mon* than words the intensity
of their feelings, they ail left the
church.".. T . . ,
Next ca?o-Mm. Potter from 8ti Pant's
Church; crying "Oh ! Hiss Lucy, have !
you heard that the city is to be evacuated
immediately and tho Yankees will be
hera .before morning t Woila we, were
in church a horseman dashed tip to toe
door, dismounted, and entering went np
tho aisle and handed a paper to he
President, tfieo spoke in a whisper to
?orne members of the CaMoet who were
them and they all arose and went eut.:
What can itali mean ? and whet ls ta j
become of as poor defenceless women,
Dod only knows 1"
"Don't be so desponding, Mrs. Porter,"
??ld I. "I don't believe they are going
to evacuate, for that has been the fais. .
forwrt-go afton, it is uothunr but one of
oar Sunday rumors." .
''Ah J my. child, tjo ! The calamity
hs* Indeed e*m? op?n as at la* ; I feel
?hat it ts in?."
i-T1hoo*n * spoke hopoftxily and tried to
wok arif i dJoTnot KAleWthe "??or, *l
nervous shiver came over me and my
limbs wero so tremulous and weak that
I thought I -mould fall. Asking Mrs.
1 orter to sit with my sick sister, to pre
vent any one from breaking the news
suddenly to ber before I carno back, I
ran down to tho house of a neighbor
Mrs. Wright, to ask for a Utile brandy t?
give my sister to enable ber to bear the
dreadful communication I had to make.
On reaching Mrs. Wright's door I found
ber running from room to room, wringing
her bands, tsaring her hair, and crying
"On, my poor child! and her father not
here to protect us ! and they say the black
wretches are in the very front of Grant's
army, and will rush into the city before
any decenl while men are here to restrain
them ! Oh ! what is to become of us?"
M eanwhile lier lovely daughter Lulu,
a beautiful girl of sixteen, waa clinging
to her mother, aud begging bei -.ot to
weep so, for she did not believe that all
Yankees were as bad as people said they
were, and that may be Gen. Lee would
drive them back yet.
"Oh ! my child, you don't know what
you are talking about, and have little idea
what is before us."
Finding I could say uothing to comfort
her I helped myaelf to tho brandy, and
hastening home pave it to my siBter, and
then broke tho news to her as gently as I
could.
LOOKING FOR THE YANKEES.
My married sister, Mrs. Carter, with
her little daughter Daisy, four years old,
and an infant of four weeks was then
living a few squares from us, her husband
being at tho front with Gen. Lee.
Thinking wo could better hear what was
before us when we were all together to
comfort and strengthen each other, T
brought ln.r and her lillie ones around to
our room. There we sat all huddled
togother in almost breathless suspense;
our thoughts one moment being with the
absent dear ones, of whose fate we had
not, nor could we hopo soon to have, the
slightest tidings ; the next filled with
terrible forebodings of what might
be before us. All through the afternoon
friends and neighbors were running in
and out, bringing fresh rumors, Borne
hopeful, pome despairing. About four
o'clock we beard-an oin i nomi "boom,"
"boom," "boom" like the sound of artil
lery nearer than any that we had previ
ously heard. For a moment our hearts
almost ceased to beat. We thought the
enemy must be very close at baud, and
as the booming continued various conjec
tures were made as to what quarter wo
might look for their approach, some
thinking tho sound came from one direc
tion and some from jost the opposite one.
In order to hear more distinctly, Mrs.
Porter and I stepped to the door to
listen ; bearing it much moro plainly
outside, we followed on in the direction
whence it seemed to proceed, uutil we
reached a neighboring stable, door, when,
to our great amusement, we found that it
was nothing but the kicking of a horse
against his stall, which cer'ainly sounded
enough like the distant firing of a can
non to deceive any but the moat practic
ed ear.
Another incident, which gave us tho
luxury of a smile even at this gloomy
crisis, I must here relate. Seeing tho
consternation into which the whole
household was thrown by the news that
the "Yankees" were coming, our little
mulatto made Lettie, while sympathizing
with the alarm and distress of ber elders,
was somewhat perplexed to understand
exactly what the threatened evil was.
So, anxiously to get a little light on the
mysterious subject, Bbe cropt shyly up to
my sido and whispered timidly: "Miss
Lucy, what sort o' looking things is
Yankees? Does dey have honiB?
'Causo, ef dev due,., I Been one on 'em at
de show, ana be bad a tail rke a cow."
Her little brain was evidently sadly con
fusing Yankees and buffaloes.
All through the day the various gen
tlemen belonging to the bouse bad been
running in to get their haversacks, can
teens, blankets, &c, with a view to
following the retreating army, and each
one would be besieged by the crowd of
ladies with eager cries of: "Ob, Mr. A.,
do you believe they aro going to evacu
ate?" or J'Mr.- B., have you any idea
where Gen. Lee will make a stand ?"
But we would only receive the unsatis
factory answer: "We know nothing
positively but that we are ordered to pac?
up all the public documents as a precau
tionary measure."
A SAD FAREWELL.
Just at nightfall two ooldier friend)
whose duties uad detained them in tut
city till that moment, came to bid ui
good-bye, for they were then hastening
to the train which waa awaiting th?
President and staff five miles out of tb<
city. They asked if they might hav<
the privilege of going into the room "t<
say good-bye to Miss Fanuie, for we ma]
never see her again."
"Cortainly," said I, for this waa nt
time to regard empty conventionalitiee
and I led them to her bedside. It was i
scene I can never forget. In their won
suits of grey, armed and equipped witt
all they could carry for a long and peri
loua banishment, looking desperate am
determined, bnt with eyes moistened a
thoughts of the defenceless women am
children they wera leaving behind them
these two men entered the chamber o
illness which we fesred was eveu shad
owed by the death angel's wing. It ha
been many weeks since they had see
my sister and they were much shocke
at her pale and emaciated face. Scare
a word was spoken, but each knew fu
well the sad forebodings that filled th
hearts of the others. One of thei
dropped on his knee beside the bed, an
taking the little thin white hand in hi
he lifted it to his lips and pressed upo
it a silent and tearful adieu, and the
were gone, to meet us in this life agai
nevermore. ?
Left to ourselves onr first thought wi
that it would be well to sit up all nigl
to be ready to meet the first warning <
approaching danger, but we finally d<
oded that the best preparation for tl
morrow, which we felt was to ta one j
those days "that try men's souls," won
be to gain all the strength and refreal
ment we could by a night's sleep, if slot
were possible. So feeling we offert
our united prayers for Dliine protecth
through the darkness of the night, ai
the probably still darker scenes awaiti!
ns, supplemented by little Daisy's lisbii
petition, "Dod bess dear papa, and bit
him home safe to mama and nae; ai
then wo sought our couches, though \
all remained in one room for moto
comfort and protection. I ?JPP?*? '
muTbave been completely exhausted
the mental and physical excitement ai
fatigu?* of the day ; for as l have bes
is often the case with a criminal ott t
night before his execution, we soon t
into a profound ?1??**,T?^ ????
waking thonghU rere filled with ?hm
of blecWaced, blue coated rufiana, .wi
savage yells and gleaming sabres.
It!ieW. as ?TW a few moments b
passed when we were awaked by the m
awful and terrific sound that basie
aent the lifeblood curdling tonjhei
Tt nnneared to me, in the er.citea etat?
2y PSSS ?nd in the pitchy darko
which corned just before dawn, to
nothing lesa than "the wieck of mat
?ddttacrushofworldi.?' Fortuno*
after there wag a death-like stillness'; not
a word waa spoken, though each felt that '
tho others were awake. Even little
Daisy only nestled moro closely to her
mother's Bide, and seemed intuitively to I
feel that this was uo common calamity.
The first sound that broke the stillness !
was the ejaculatiou from my eistet :
"The death-knell of the Southern Con- 1
ederacy I and all bloodshed and suffer- i
ing of our poor soldiers gone for
naught 1" i
"MAJE COATS" ON TUE STIIEET9.
From that time, 4 o'clock a. m., there :
was no more bleep for us, for explosion
followed explosion in quick succession
nil through the day. It seems that the
retreating soldiers had put slow-matches
to nil tho government storehouses, arse
nals, &c, and tho fires was now reaching
them one after tho other. About 7
o'clock it reached the armory, where, I
am told, there were lying 76,000 bomb
shells, and those who have only heard
these explodo ono at a timo can form but
little conception of thc pandemonium
when dozens are bursting at once for
hours in succession. One shock was so.
violent that wo thought the house had
been struck, for tho window-shades wore
knocked from their fastenings and fell
to the floor with a terrible crash, and
poor Fannie, with the supernatural
strength of terror, sprang from her bed
and fell prostrate and fainting many feet
from it, and tho still huming fuso from
a shell was picked up in the yard.
Our toilets that morning were very
busty, and we were just making a feint
to eat our ill-cooked breakfast, for poor
?hauy was the mest terrified of the
family, and persistently declared her
r-eliei that "da judgment daydon? cose,"
when about a quarter-past 7 Eddie Mills,
a boy about 12 years old, came running
into thc room exclaiming: "The Yan
kees are coming !" I went to the front
loor to ascertain if this was really so.
it was true indeed ; for there, riding
m ?elly up the street and looking cau
tiously and inquiringly about them, were
two cavalry officers, the first "blue coats"
[ had seen, except as prisoners of war,
since a happy, light hearted girl, I bad
lanced with them at "Old Poiut Com
fort" to the music of the military band,
little dreaming in my thoughtless glee
that the timo would ever come when' I
ivould regard those enmo "charming
jfBcers" as my own and my country's
bitterest foes ; but "times change and we
;hnnge with them." However, these
wo looked very harmless, and, a little
lurnrised to find that their Babres, instead
>f being drawn nnd carried naked nud
hreateuing, merol.r bung peacefully in
heir scabbards, I lett much relieved, and
ook a cheering report to the cager listen
ers in the back room.
"Very Hoon after we were told that there
vas annulier with a gun standing by our
Vont steps who, on inquiry, proved to he
t guard stationed there by the Union
luthorities; for to their credit bc it
ipoken, the first act of the Federal com
nander on entering the city was to place
t guard at every street corner for the
protection of person and property.
Every few minutes the children of the
lousebold were nning in with accounts
>f evep'thin" was transpiring, for
ittle rr ' .un?on they rather
injoy and excitement of
ho oe cu"
THE C. N FLAMES.
About 0 o'clock the terror-stricken
ace of Chany appeared at the door, she
:rying in dismay, "Oh 1 Miss Luck, de
.own hurnin' upi" And so indeed it
vas. The first Bight that met my eyes on
?caching the front door was Dr. Reed's
Presbyterian) Church, coruer of Sth and
franklin streets, enveloped in flames,
md in a few minutes the fiery rta ngueB
ind lapped up and around the ?:eeplc,
vhich they encircled in a serpent-like
soil, fascinating my gaze with ita fatal
jenn ty, till it swayed, tottered a moment,
ind then fell with a terrible crash where
t had stood for half a century like a sen
inel on the watch tower of Zion, and it
teemed to my excited fancy to exclaim
pith i's dying wail, like Montcalm at the
'all ot Quebec, "Thank God 1 I will not
ive to see the city in the hands of tho
i ii erny." Casting my eyes to tho South
ind Southeast I beheld the moii sublime
ly awful spectacle that it has ever been
ny fortune to witness-the whole city io
.hat direction seemed one sheet of fire,
while dark clouds of smoke hung like a
pall over the scene, and rolled in vast
volumes to the North and West Every
moment the devouring monster seemed
;ominc netre? and nearar to the place
where i stood, and where the. old frame
buildings offered tempting food for itu
ravenous maw; even new it did not ap
Bear to be more than two blocks off.
.ne frightful feature in the scene, invest
ing it with an almost unearthly horror,
tvas the death-like silence that prevailed.
No cries.of fire, no ringing of fire bells,
DO rattling by of engines, not even the
shrieks ot women and children, for all
seemed dumb with terror, and shrank
?ale and mute into their dwellings,
[ow I longed for one loud manly cry of
Qre, or one clang of a fire bell to break
the dreadful spell. But there was noth
ing but the eloquent silence to tell UB
that our beautiful city would soon be in
ruins, and the voiceless helplessness was
tlmoat suffocating.
The reason that up to this time no
snort had been made to check the pro
gress of the fire was that every Confed
?rate male not maimed, halt or blind ex
cept those in charge of tho sick, had lo fi
the city the evening before, and . the
Federals just coming in had not had
time to organize a fire department, not
knew yet where to find the engines ot
any of the appliances for suppressing the
fl tune.'?. As soon as possible, however,
they went to work and by blasting ana
?ll the means within their reach did their
utmost to save the city, aud thanks tc
their efforts the fire was kept chiefly
within the business quarter; so that
comparatively few homes were destroyed
though we hsd numerous alarms from
the falling of cinders or burning brandi
upon'our houao, which did actually'take
fire three times, and it was with the ut
most difficulty extinguished by tbe little
water that women and children conic
carry up in pails from the hydrant in th?
yard to the skylight in the roof.
Little Eddie Mills quite distinguishec
himself by the heroism with walch hi
kept bis piece on tba roof, with the burn
ing coals falling all around him, for wt
had stationed bim there with a broom t<
keep wet Ute blankets spread over tb
shingle roof; and nobly did this yonbj
"Casablanca" stand to his post till- thi
danger wss past, for he was, he wei
knew, the eldest mal? in - a household o
twenty-five porsona, and seeming to fee
his responsibility, be gallantly refused t
be relieved by the various ladies wh
offered to take his broom from him.
But there was a spice of the Iud ic rou.'
too, even ?mid these awful scenes. Th
fire at one time seemed rapidly approach
log the block where my sister, Mrs. Cai
ter, lived, and where her store-room wa
pretty well filled for war times with prc
visions which her husband bad collecte
for their sustenance when he should b
absent in the field, ead hts delicate wif
.nd little ones have nd one to ptovid
for Cherri. So, knowing thcao ?torca woul
probably be ail that cut united familk
would bave to live upon in tbe ?tate of
chaos to which we were now reduced, wo
determined to remove them, if posible,
to our own apartment*, aud Mr?. Carter
not being able to bear tbe fatigue, ! un
dertook to transfer them.
A FORAGING EXPEDITION.
Mus'ering nil tho force I could, which
consisted of five little children, two
whitc8 and throe blacks, ranging in age
from six to ten years, the larger ones
being busy "totiug" water to tho roof,
and encouraging them by tho promise of
a lump of sugar to each, a rare luxury
in those dava, oil' wo started on our for
aging expedition. The lurid glare of the
flames in the burning district, with tbo
masses of smoke-clouds swelling aud
rolling over our heads, the silent and de
serted appearance of the streets as wo
passed along, and tho novel and remark
able aspect of mv little squad of fora
gers, as we trudged timidly but resolutely
on, presented a sceno worthy of a
better pen than mine.
On our route we saw sights to make a
toper'B heart acho ; for iu tho gutters in
severnl places flowed streams of wines,
whiskeys and brandies, the boardings of
loving mothers and other provident
women for tho use of tho soldier boys
who might bo brought borne sick or
wounded; these wero now poured out
into the streets for fear they might fall
into the hands of piundeiers, and make
them indeed tbe ruffians we so much
dreaded. One bottle, however, I rescued
for the use of my Bick sister, and kept
afterwards bid in a little cuddy to which
lhere was no access except by means of
a ladder, though all these precautions
proved to have been unuecessary, for tho
privacy of our homo, or of any other to
my knowledge, was never intruded upon.
On reachiog with my little band ray
sister's deserted house I found tho walls
already bot to tho touch from tho closo
proximity of the fire, and baste was im
perativo, so seizing two hams I placed
one upon tbo shoulder of each of my
two youngest assistants, then spread a
table-cloth upon the floor, into which I
threw pell-mell tea, coff?c, sugar, spices,
dried apples, black-eyed peas, infants'
clothing, shoes, ?tc, &c., which, as it may
be supposed, presented a most incongru
ous and ludicrous medley on being re
opened. ThiB I tied together by the
four corners and put on the head of num
ber three. Dipping into barrels I filled
a pillow-case from tho contents of two of
them, which afterwards proved to be
equal parts of corn meal and flour.
This i handed, with a jug of molasses,
to number four. Taking a sheet I filled
it with bed and table liuen aud clothing
of all descriptions. This hugo bundle I
threw on my own back and held it with
one hand, while thc other I helped num
ber five to drag along a tin can about
three feet high and one iii diameter,
which contained a few pounds of lard, to
which 1 bud ndded a ham or two, several
bars of soap, &c, &c.
Thus loaded, the procession issued
forth. Though fully impressed with the
awfulness of tho occasion, and the solem
nity of tbo fact that I was making a des
perate effort to ward off threatening
famine, my pack almost rolled off my
shoulders in my convulsions of laughter
at our ridiculous appearance when I
fancied what Col. -, Capt.-and
others with whom I had so recently prom
enaded and flirted, and who bad always
seemed to imagine that I was not strong
enough to bring my own prayer-book
borne from church, would think could
tboy Bee mo now I But my mirth was
Boon checked by the thought that they
were at that moment going through ster
ner GC?nss ?nd harder trials with our
vanquished chieftain. Fancy my cha
grin and distress when on reaching
home and triumphantly opening my
bundles to display my dearly-won treas
ures, I found tbe tea, codee, BUgar and
spices intermingled in sad confusion,
wbilo the meal and flour were well sha
ken up together, and the bars of turpen
tine soap had slipped down to the very
bottom of the lard can ? However, peo
ple on the brink of starvation must not
oe too choice, and we shall hear from
some of these things again.
8EEKINO FEDEBAL. PROTECTION.
As nightfall drew near vague foars be
gan to creep over UB, for we felt that
with the daylight would vanish most of
our couragefand again we began to pic
ture to ourselves desperadoes, under
cover of night, forcing entrance into tbe
house. Again our little household was
assembled in conclave to devise some
means of safety, when in carn?* our next
door neighbor, Mrs. Blaine. We all re
garded m amazement at her hardihood
venturing out, for of course everything
like business was suspended, but she
soon explained by telling us she bad
heard that by going down to the provost
m arshal'n o file o wo could get "protection
papore," wbich would insure safety to
tbe holders of them.
"An admirable suggestion," exclaimed
we all, "but," thinks I to myself, "we
are very much in tho fix of the council
of mice, who decided that lt would be an
excellent niau to bell the cat, when one
old .grandfather among them inquired,
'Who will put tbe bell on ?' "
- Everybody thought the protection
Stapers onght to be gotten without delay,
br the shadows were ominously length
ening : but nobody was willing to go tc
tbe "City Hall," the very nest of thc
dreaded "Yankees," to ask for them. A
protracted pause-the case seemed des
perate-something must be done, soon il
would be too dark to think of venturing
out On one hand the idea of making
our way into the midst of tbe terrible
Yankees, on the other scenes of h orr o i
tbat might be in store for a house full ol
unprotected women.
"I'll go!" said I. "I will be ?ne ol
any three who will undertake the daring
enterprise."
Tbe next volunteer was Mrs. Blaine
and Mrs. Mills, emboldened by her ek
ample, agreed to make the third. So
collecting all the veils from' the assem
bled household, we donned three apiece
and linking arms together and follow?
by the hopes and prayers of all the rest
wc Dallied forth. On we went, our fea
tures set in grim determination, scarce i
word spoken. No human being did wi
pass on the streets as ve tb'i F?d?ra
soldiers strolling atout, as if enjoy in j
the sight of, the city they had so ionj
striven in vain to cuter. . Toonr surprise
we ?tere treated by these with the great
est respect find-courtesy, always giving o
the sidewalk and ever checking rud
laugh ter whenever we drew near. Still
BO drained wore all. my nerves, so agita
ting and conflicting nov emotions, au?
so different the scene from onr accus
tomed ?alka through our beautiful city
that I/alt like one walking in, a drear
'arid was startled after passing the come
ol Seventh and Grace streets. A rostlin
??uad causing mo to look c round,
found wo were treading almost ankl
dcepiueomo places through burnt pa
ere,'many of them charred and stnoket
ton other* the writing still legible, s
that wo .could see that they, were pubii
documents which had. been destroyed,
suppose, to prevent their falling into tl
hands of the enemy ; and aa I .now sa
them blowing hither and thither in ever
direction, I thought them a fit emblem <
onr nation's hopes just; ?callcrcd to tl
winda.
. 'V
Passing by our own beautiful Capital
Square, the tenderness welled up from i
my heart and well nigh overliowed in i
tears as I thought how dear was that spot
to every Virginian, our pride as well as
onr joy, how her young men and maid- <
ens had loved to stroll through those 1
shaded walks, their merry laughter ri- <
vailing in melody the music of the baud
which was wont to enliven the scene, or
tho old, old story seeming all the sweeter
as tho gentle maiden listened to it min
gled with the plash of the fountain in
thc summer moonlight. Spring had
just spread her first fresh carpet of green
over tho sward which wo bad deemed
almost too sacred to be pressed eveu by
tho dainty foot of childhood ; but now
with indignation nkiu to disgust we bo
heid there groups of negro soldiers, the
blackest, it appeared to mo, I had ever
seen, looking all tho blacker, I suppose,
from contrast with their bright blue uni
form. These wero lolling lazily on our
beautiful grass, many ol them cooking
their dinners there, as we saw by tho iron
pot swinging from a tripod and the
smoko curling up through tho tender
young leaves of the graceful elms, while
their mules were browaiug near and
profaning tho ?pot with their coarso
hoofs, But without trusting ourselves
for ono word of com meut, we silently
pressed on to thc provost marshal's ollico
at tho corner of Capitol and* Eleventh
streets.
AT Tin: FEDERAL UED4JUARTER8.
Here we found the portico and halls
densely crowded with soldiers hurrying
to und fro, uud to our surprise and relief
many other ladies were there, but on tho
samo errand as oureolves. Here, aa
everywhere else, wo wero treated with
thc utmost courtesy, Between two files
of soldiers with fixed bayonets to pre
sorvo order, we wero politely conducted
hy an ofiicer to tho official who WEB busi
ly engaged iu making out such papers as
we were in quest of. There wo had to
await our turn, and meanwhile, turning
to an officer writing nt a table, I asked if
he would ho kind enough to inform me
how long it would be before postal com
munication with tho North wo>:ld bo
open lo tho public, aa I was very anxious
to communicate with friends there.
"It will probably be four or five days,
but tako your seat hero, Miss," offering
me a chair, peu and paper, ' and writs j
your letter, and I will not only seo that
it is sent immediately, but you shall re
ceive tho reply promptly. Tell your
correspondent to direct to enro of Major
With sincere gratitude I nccepted liJB
kind offer, and wroto my letter, which I
remember was in theso words:
"Fannie is very ill, but we aromor
comfortable thau wo could have expected
under the circumstances. Write imme
diately, care of --."
Then handing the pen to my gallant
euemy (?) I asked him : "Will you bs
kind enough to read that letter and add
your address?" He took the letter, hut
without reading it wroto his address and
sealed it. I have always been sorry that,
in the excitement of the moment, I fail
ed to take particular note of his nnmo,
and only remember that it struck me ai
jeing German ; butshould this by chaucs
ever meet bis eye he will please hereby
accept my grateful acknowledgment of
the courtesy and of tho true gentlemanly
delicacy with which it was extended-an
acknowledgment not the less sincere that
it has been eighteen years delayed iu the
expression. But should my friend, Ma
jor -, never see thie, yet if it over
happens to como under the notice of any
other Federal officer or Boidier who did
ono deed of kindness to any Virginia
woman in that her dark hour of need, I
beg that he will accept my thanks in ber
behalf. Here let me say, aud be it over
Bpoken to the honor of the American
flag, thnt, so far as I know, the triumphal
entry of the Federal army into Rich
mond was not disgraced by one deed of
insult or oppression to any woman, or
indeed to any citizen. All their efforts
seem to have been directed toward con
ciliotion. and to bringing order out of
chaoB, affording protection to person and
property, and endeavoring to relievo, as
far as possible, the ' want and suffering
which they found here ; and I have never
heard an opinion contrary to this ex
ftressed by a single person who remained
n the city ufter tiley came.
But to return to the provost marshal's
office. In a short time our protection
paper was handed us, which forbid any
one entering the premises on "pain of
death," sad cutherling t?;e gusrd to
shoot any person thus trespassing. Seiz
ing the precious document we hastened
home, feeiu.g much relieved that wo bad
succeeded in "belling the' cat," though
the sequel lcd us to think there had
really been no need for any such pr?cau
tion.
. Immediately on the occupation of tho
city rations were issued by the Federal
commander to such as needed them, and
few there were who did not. Most per
sons had: invested all their available
means in Confederate bonds. My suiter
and I theo had our little all lying io our
t run ka in Confederate "promises to pay,"
representing ostensibly, many thousands
of dollars, but now worthless as. so much
waste paper, and our only available cash
a silver half-dime, worn for many years
as a memento, which we now spent for
medicine. In this state of things it is
not un rp ri tiing that even ladies reared in
casa and luxury now .crowded to the
ration office tn get their allotted portion
of codfish, fat pork and yellow moal, for
this was all lhere was between them and
starvation. The scene which the artist
Rogers bas perpetuated in marble of
"drawing rations" is no fancy sketch,-for
I saw the counterpart of it when, with
little Lettie to carry the basket, I made
my way through the hungry throng with
mingled feelings of gratitude and humilia
tion to receive our share. Though we
knew our army bad been defeated and
was retreating we knew not whither,
yet hope still flickered in onr hearts, for
we thought possibly Gen. Lee might be
able to make a stand at some point
further South, and our Confederacy yet
take a place among tho nations of the
earth.
OKS. LEE'S SURRENDER.
This continued till on the night of Sun
day, April 9, we were sitting in our dimly
lighted chamber, for the destruction ot
.the- gae pi pea in the great confiagratiot
had found us unprepared for the emcr
gen cy ; and now the only means we bac
of producing light was by putting a cot
ton string into a cup bf lard, (thanks U
my foraging party we still bad lard) ant
setting fire toit; bot this dim taper it
onr large room only served to make dark
ness visible. Tho hour of our evenloj
devotions drew nigh, the tiv.)o when ou
thoughts were wont to torn with peculia
tenderness' ' toward our dear wanderer
about whose fate we were still in painfu
ausp?ose, We were sitting in silence
onr thoughts busy with our loved onet
wbea'the st il lo ess of the night was bro
ken by 'the boom of a cannon, followo
iu quick succession try a number of othe
reports. Volumes of surmlsea rapid!
chased each otb?r through, bur- braim
"WM Ooo; Lee returning to recs pul r
the city?" "Was Mosby 'cemlatft
."Wis Ibero a riot going on which the
had resorted to the artillery to suppress ?
"Was it au outburst of triumph at news
of anotber victory over our poor tattered
soldier boys." Our hearts quailed at tho
thought, when tho door burst open and
in rushed Mrs. Brown, the claimant of
the red "tater" who, though a nativo of
Dli io, hail always professed to bo a South
erner in ?ympathy. and as such bad ob
tained and held lucrativo clerkship
nuder the Confeder?is Qoverumeut ; but
:<ti; aow, throwing off the mask which
policy had drawn over I HT face, she
rushed triumphantly in, clapping hor
ttands and shouting: "(Jen. Loo linn sur?
rendered! Gen. Lee has surrendered!"
And such indeed, aa it proved, was tho
sa?se of tho firing we had heard. It was
i salute in honor of tho (to them) joyful
news just received at headquarters.
For some timo not a wora was spoken,
ind I scarcely knew which predomina
ted, anguish at tho extinction of our
country s last hope, or indignation and
lisgust at the heartless demonstrations
if Joy of this deceitful woman over tho
lestruction and despair of her whilom
friends. Though wo did not deign to
express in words tho contempt, we felt
for her duplicity, yet, as a little incidont
which occurred a few days after will
ihow, it was "deep" if not "loud."
Kenny every ono in tho house was sick,
Mihor suffering with soro mouth or somo
)ther malady caused by tho const .nt uso
>f salt food, which was all that any of us
md, except Mrs. Brown, who was fur
lished by a friend sbo had in the army
with luxuries whicli souuded tempting
o our half-famished enrs as the fancied
rurgle of wntor which aggravates tho
lunerings of tho parched traveller in the
letert. One day, about dinner time,
Bowen cc*?e into our room to ask
mr opinion upon a matter of conscience,
ibout which she was much exercised.
>bo looked pale nod haggard from
inxioty and insufficient ana unpalnts
>le food, but Mrs. Drown bad just sent
o ask her to como up and dino with her
in lamb, spring chicken, lettuce, eaunod
ruils and other dainties, which the for
utiate possessor of greenbacks was able
o secure. Miss Bowers wanted to kuow
f wo thought it would he right for her
o accept this invitation to feast with an
itiomy of her bleeding country. While
ve wore yet trying to help her decide
he contest between tho cravings of hau
.or and patriotic devotion the tinkle of
ter littlo bill announced her own dinner
.nd settled tho mooted question. "I'll
;o to my fat pork and yellow meal,"
aid abo, and, with a polite "No, thank
ou," to Mrs. Browu a call from her
oom, Hbe doscended to partake of her
linner of rations. Many, n less heroic
aerifico to principle hns been sounded
ty pout and minstrel.
HE ENTItY OF THE VICTORIOUS ARMY.
It was a lovoly spring morning, a few
lays after the news of Hen. Leo's sur
e?der had extinguished the last spark
n the smouldering ashes of hope, when
he sound of gay music cam cd me to
nok out upon the most imposing pageant
hat it has ever been my fortnne to
lehold-the entrance into the city of a
lortion of Gen. Grant's army. Pride
orbidding me to allow the invaders to
ce me evincing interest in the triumphal
ii try of the victorious army into our
aptured city, and ye? feminine curiosity
repelling me to deviso some means of
ritnetfsing tho gorgeous spectacle, I
fleeted a compromise between tho two
ty climbing to the top of the house and
leaping through the balustrade surround?
?g tho skylight ; for here I felt safe from
bservation, aa I did not suppose any one
rould think of casting glances so nigh,
t was indeed a grand sight. As far f?s
yo could reach was one unbroken
olumn of troops, with their fino horses
nd wagons, and equipped in elegant
luiforms and accoutrements, which to my
yes, accustomed to looking only at our
loor, ragged, and oftentimes barefooted
>oys, appeared as if newly donned for
ome gala day. The effect was beautiful
rom tho elevated point from which I
iewed it ; for I could see them winding
iver Church Hill tn the far distance, and
hen dowd into the valley and up over
ihockoe Hill ; their bayonets brightly
;leaming in the morning sun, tho tatars
nd Stripes in countless numoera waving
n the Weeze, ano this enlivened by
nnumerabie - bands of music at short
ntervals, which seemed in their choice
if tunes to be amiably tryingto harmon?
zc the spirit of "Dixie" with that of
'Yankee .Doodle ;" for first would come
he stirring- strains of "Hail Columbia,"
/hilo the next band that passed would
iring a ?ear from our poor Btricken hearts
iv the loved tones of "Dixie ;" next
'Star Spangled Banner," "Mocking
Mrd," "The Union Forever" and "Bon
de Blue Flag," would each in turn sag*
;e it thoughts of the. two sections lately
.rrayed in deadly conflict, bnt which it
rould cow be the policy of that army tb
reid again into one. My predominant
beling, aa I beheld their grand procera?
on, was admiration - for the courage of
luruwn brave little army, and the sen
iment arose almost to reverence when I
effected that in the fa co of such a foe,
vi th unlimited resources at his bSck,
hey had held out through fonr long
'earn 'of discouragement, and not only
vi th insuflicibney of food, clothing, and
auditions of war themselves, but with
he consciousness, in some cases, that
heir wives'And children .were lacking
he necessaries of life, and in others thal
hey v. ero homeless refugees. Ont
triking) feature'in that scene was thc
act that al! the doors and windows ID
be fronts of tbe houses were closed, and
sot one white citizen was to be seen,
brough cracks and crevices I Will'not
renture to say.
A WONDERFUL EHTBRPRI8B.
Returning to onr room and seeing rn*
nvalid sister languishing for want o
:om forts which w ned then no means ol
iroviding for her it occurred to me tba
ve might make a little money by cellini
?atables to the passing soldiers; bu
?here to get the materials to make then
iras the question. However, summotdni
mr little dark-skinned maid, Letti':, t*
he conference, her quick wit suggester
? plan. We went to work and out of th
provisions secured by my foraging part
ire made some delicacies (?) pies. To b
iure the dried apples were a little flavore
with tea.end the scaly particles in tb
pastry betrayed the presence of meal
while in the lard there was evidently
soupcon of soap, bnt we bad alway
beard, and oar own observation bm
ihown us, that soldiers are not very dalt
ty. So giving Lettie a basket full of th
tempting looking plates she hopefully c<
off. Seating herself on the cirbstoc
she pressingly offered her inviting wan
to the passers-by, telling them that th?
were made by "nice white ladies, en
not by niggers ;" but, eyeing them cur
ously for a moment, they would pass 01
till one of tho soldier?, hungrier I su?
pose than the rest, ventured to ioho on
and placing the price in; Lcttio'a han
he broke tho pie, .end put a piece in
his mouth, when, giving poor Lettie 1
inquirios: look, he asked, iradi you .ei
white ladle? made thrao?" "Vee 1" sa
she, with pride in her young mistrei
skill, but he, evidently confirmed by tb
fact in his suspicion that en attempt bi
been made ti> poison him, hastily eject
eferv crumb from his mouth and burri
on, thinking, doubtless, that th tao Bout
ern women must Indeed be th? "ahede
?B" bo bad beard they were, and not lis
tening to Lettie's cager explanation tbat
tbe ingrediente were all clean, but had
gotten slightly mixed. After Bitting
several hours longer, with no further RUC
cess, Bbc became discouraged and return
ed home with ouly Ave cents to show for
her day's work. We could not afford to
waste BO much food, consequently the
whole family bod to make our aupper
that night off tho meal pies; but BO sick
did I br como in about an hour after
eating them, that there is no telling
what tho.result might havo been had not
nature provided her own remedy. Tho
rest of tbe family fared little better. At
all events, even fivo cents waa better
than no money at all, BO the next morn
ing Lettie took it, and provided with a
little basket, went to market for the first
time since the evacuation. Sho returned
with a half a peck of "greens" which
made our fat pork much more palatable,
and though I have frequently sinco
dined at Delmonico'*, I uever enjoyed
his choiceat salads, or most delicate bis
cuit* glares moro than wo did our first
mess of greens. However, soon after
au officer of the United States Sani
tary Commission called, presenting a
letter of introduction from friends in the
North, and placed at the disposal of my
self and sisters any dainty or luxury in
their possession, that might aid in re
storing us to health, and from that timo
till definite arrangement wero made for us
by our friends not a day passed that wo
were not the r?cipients of nome kind at
tentions at their bands.
ON I,Y JIKM01UE8 LEFT.
lu about two weeks our male relatives j
began lo return io tuon uo;u?tj one by
ono as they wero paroled. Things began
to readjust themselves, and now, in 1884, '
tho war is already spoken of aa some
..ling in tho long ago ; feelings of sec
tional animosity aro gradually softening,
"Dixie" or "Yankee Doodle" is liatoned
to with almost equal plefeaure beside the
picturesque Hudson or tho historio 1
James; prattling children, in whose volns j
is mingled tho blood of Federal and Con
federate, liat?n with cager faces to tales 1
of daring and deed? of heroism, whether 1
tho brave heart of the hero beat under 1
a "jacket of grey" or the "army blue,"
and all imito in placing floral tributes i
upon tho mounds which cover tho mortal I
pad of those who fell in the- path of '.
what they believed to bo duty, and whoso i
spirits have now met in that land which l
knows no North, no South, no East, no i
Weat. God heston the happy time when
nil evidences of the devastations of that j
war will have passed away, and when our ;
country will onco more nave cauro to j
rejoice that uot only peace, but unity \
and prosperity, reign throughout her ;
borders. j
Polygamous Economies. I
The private homo routine of a polvga- '
?nous family is a matter upon which so
much curiosity is constantly expressed
by ay acquaintances that I ventnre to
iay here what little I know; but the '
reader nm nt remember that less than ten
per cent, of tho voting Mormon popula- '
ion of Utah are polygamists.
Tho p -.iyqomint, as a rule, bas accu- '
nutated some property and owns a house 1
j o foro he takes a second and successive }
stives, though sometimes he begins by 1
Harrying two or three at once. AU of
ihres marriages, however, except the i
Brat, aro made secretly by. thc Church, <
ind no record of them is accessible.
In the city, at least, it ia seldom that 1
Lue different wives share the same quar- '
it J. In the country this is not BO un? i
Bommon, bc* the natural unpleasantness
follows in jost casos. The general (
method is to have a large house, the j
main part of which, perhaps, is occupied .,
by the first wife anti wings or additions ,
by the successive candidates for marital <
Donors. These large, straggling, hotel- <
like houses are common lu Salt Lake i
Ri tv, and mark a difference between it
and a town of small houses like Oheyene (
and moat other Western village-- In
many cases, however, the husband sets
up bis .wives in different bornes, either
aide by side or in different parla of the
city. In any 'base each bas her own
kitchen garden, eto. I nave in minda
wealthy dignitary of the Church whom ,
you might easily have mistaken for the !
late Peter Cooper, and who in possessed
of seven wives. Each of theso women {
bas somo farming and garden ground of
ber own, and all are greatly devoted to
rearing bees. With the help of their '
grown children they each raise a large '
amount of produce and honey annually.
Tho husband acta as their agent. He .
Iii vc.i their swarms ol bees and charges
them for it ; be rendent special aid when
called upon and is paid for it ; he Bells
their crops and honey when it is reddy
nu d credits each wife with her due share.
Most of them live in suites of apart
ments under the roof of his great bouso
in town, but tho first wife has a beautiful i
farm of her own a little out of the' city,
to which she and her children have re
tired, to end their days in peaceful inde
pendence. ..t>
The way in which thin old gentleman
has always arranged his dotnestio life ie
reported to be thus: He had certain
rooms in his house where he kept hie
bed,, bis-wardrobe, his books, and saw
any . visitors who called noon him. Herc
ho WAS a bacholor and here be stayed
every other day and night.. On alter
nate days and nights be was the guest of
one or another of his wives, in regular
rotation, devoting the one,. day (io -bis
case fortnightly), which was hiera diligent
ly to ber society. Of course this routine .
was not invariable, but for the most part
it was regularly followed.-Harper's mag'
atine. uT
- If there in any virtue in a rabbit
foot Grover Cleveland will bethe next
president of the United States. About
a month ago it occurred to the editor of
the Eufaula, Ala., Daily Mail that only,
ono thing was needed to make the Dem
ocratic campaign an assured success.'
Under the (expiration bf tho moment ho
advertised Tor a rabbit foot, and inn few
days received ono from Atlanta with thw
statement that it was the left hindfool of
a graveyard rabbit shot on the. grave ot
Jesse James at St. Joseph, Mo. A local
jeweler mounted the rabbit foot in Rolid
silver, With the inscription : "To our
next president, a talisman of victory."
The trinket was then expressed 1? Gov
ernor Clevoland with a history of the:
rabbit foot and ile traditions. Governor
Cleveland ia a level-headed man, and tho
very day he received th ?J gift of his
Ennuin friend* h? sat down and wrote n
handsome, letter of acknowledgment, iu
which he aoid : "I thank you for thu
gift, and am ready to confess that Bitch, a
thing, with such a history, ought to ac
complish groat resolta." A letter from
Eufaula to the Now Orleans Tirncs-Ikm
ocr?t says tba'' when tho iou the rn negroes
become aware of tho fact that Governor
Cleveland "totea a rabbit foot," thoy will
vote for bim in spite ? of persuasion,
threats and bribes;,. Tho. average sou th
ora darkey heida the rabbit foot In su
preme reverencio, as possessing a mysteri
ous power for good to its owner and evil
?lo-h? enc mies, . ' :
\l ''^J^Uafa linot' i'ballbllity;
?rora exist oily" while they art? popular. <
AU Sorts of Para ?rapta,
- Kentucky mado 20,000,000 bushels
of wheat thia reason, 3,000,000 bushels
more than any previous crop.
- Three thousand gallons of black
berry wioe waa manufactured ia Ander?
eonviilo, Tenn., this season.
- It is charged that the Republican
managers are colonizing West Virginia
with negroes from Washington.
- It is said that Mr. Beecher controls
5,000 Brooklyn votes, and that all of
them will bo cast for Cleveland.
- Smalls, the congressman from the
black district, favors the nomination of
a State ticket and a fight a l along the
line in this State.
- Orango peel is now said to be col
lected, dried in ovons, and sold for kind
ling Ares. It burns readily and with
great fierceness, and is safer than kero
sene.
- Of the thrco hunddrcd voters com
prising tho Cleveland and Hendricks
Club that was organized at Whitewater,
Wis., tho other day, eighty-five hitherto
acted with tho Republican party.
- Tho Washington monument, at
Washington city, is now complote, ready
for the roof, which will be 65 feet high,
making tho monumeut 555 feet high,
and tue highest work of man in th
world.
- Tho friends of Col. J. H. Evins
will bo pleased to learn that he is im
proving very much at Waukesha, Wis
?onsin. His conditicu ia so much better
that Mrs. Evins returned to her homo in
^nartanburg last week.
- Miss Woodrow, ?aughtor of Dr.
James Woodrow, of Columbia S. C., a
most estimable and accomplished young
lady, has gono all the way to China to
marry a young man, who is a successful
missionary in that distant country,
- An Ohio farmer washes his apple
trees overy Spring and Fall with a strong
lye that will float an egg, and finds it to
bo a sure death to tho borers. He claims
that ho bas not loa? a tree since begin
ning (bia practico, although he had lost
l?verai previously.
- Twelvo thousand head of cattle,
tho largest consignment under the con
trol of one man ever sent over tho San
Francisco Road from Missouri, wero
-.hip pc ti recently. It required twenty
three trains of twenty-ooo cars each to
consign the lot to market.
- Dr. Wilson, au English physician,
bas been counting the hain of a man's
bond. On a square1 inch of scalp- he
found 1,066 hairs, and from measurements
estimates that the entire head must havo
127,920. He' thinks that some heads
night have 150,000 hairs.
- The mortality of the globe, as given
by a continental ' journal, which . has
mado the computation, is as followB :
Per minute, 67 ; per diem, 97,700,. and
per annum, 85,639,836. wheres?., the
births are 36.792,000 per annum; '100,000
?*?r'rUHt? nna 70 per minute.
- A corduroy road has been discover
id in Lincolnshire, England, at a depth
>f .seven feet below the surface. It lies
jouonth a Roman road, and is therefore
much older than 1000 years. Geologists
tay that its timbers, which are of oak,
ivere laid down 10,000 years ago.- '
- Gen. Grant has contracted with the
managers of the Century to contribute to
their.: periodical twenty articles on the
principal battleB of the war, for which
bo is td receive? tho snug sum of $10,000.
rbis is Rood, hone?!:, legitimate' wr-rk,
md the Goneral should be encouraged.
- North Carolina has received 01,000,
)00 (rom perBons who have invested in
ber minorai lands since she made her
lisplsy of mineral resources at the fair
it Boston.last fall. North , Carolina ex
pended $17,000 for the exhibit, and as a
retnrn for her sagacity has received $1,
500,000. , j
- Alas'that th? sear rights of women
mould ho on alow ot- recognition. In
Macon, Ga., a wife hos lust been fined $2
for disciplining her husband with ? bed
slat, the Justice regarding it probably os
a caso of malicious injury to furniture.
In London only a few-days earlier a
magistrate sent a young woman to orison
for thrashing her husband who- hod com
plained about tho coffee.
- A revolution in the match-making
indastry may be expected. The Russian
Department of Commerce and, Manufac
tures has recently awarded a patent to
the inventor of a means of so impregna
ting wood with a liquid that, when dried,
it lights with a slight friction, and can
be used several times over, thua securing,
according' to the inventor, kn economy of
at least seventy-five per cent. -
' -- An Improved locomotivo construct
ed at the shops of the Lehigh Valley
Railroad under the supervision of Mr.
George S. Strong, it, ie claimed, will
draw u train on tho New York division
at the rate of eighty miles on hour.
The engine weighs 100,000 pounds, and
will develop a power of 1,'iOO or 1,500
horse power. The boiler is of otc cl, and
will stand a pressure of 10Q pounda to
tho square inch. .., .
- The revision of tho Old Te: tani o nt,
which, it was' hoped, weald be ont this
year, will probably net make its appear
ance before early in 1885. The eigh'ty
fifth and lost session of the English Be*
vision Committee iir.u been baldy fest
months mast interVene before the com
plete work can be given to the public.
Nothing ts positively known of any
changea mada in the old version, the re
visers on both ??des of the Atlantic hav
ing Sept their pledge of secrecy.
- The Hew York World, says that
bot we eu tho prohibition ticket drawing
from the Republicans and the German
des?rticas from the same party there is a
fighting chance for tho Democrats in
Kansas. . Hayes*, majority was -1-1.000 :
bid * majority over tho Republicana of
8,000, tho Greenback;.Voto being 21,000.
The Democratic ?nd greenback vote has
steadily increased since 1876 and the
Bepobllcanrstekdily dlm?n^h?d. *'Ji
-i- ?'pwm?uent Republican fourier is
authority -for tho' ?talement that- ?Mr.
Btaloe bas promised a donation of ?500,
000 to the campaign fund, to be paid on
the iftof September.. The same hews
naper saya, t fiat wealthy friendo of GOD.
Logan h?vo narced to odd 9100,000 on
his behalf. Mr. Beuj. Franklin Jones,
grand old par ty out of tho u n for tu u Mo
plight in which it now-finda Itself.
ii w-j-?Dr. Hatton hos -st young 'draghlcr,
-^^^^Ih^^Qttt i^b^e^^^b^
desliad
;^b* |s$i^^
or ima liions, They can't ?ride cmn-fash
ion nnd Iwffwse about at flighty very - well
alono. Put they can m*i*e better-jeer* :
Minty for being educated itt medicine,
and female diseases it 'seems that they
'could handle better than mon docto?, o
?

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