BY E. B. MURRAY & CO.
ANDERSON, S. O, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1685.
VOLUME XX.?NO. 26.
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PERFUMERY,
Extracts, Patent Medicines,
A F?LL hue of Paints, Varnishes,
Combs, Brushes, Hair Oils, Bay
Rum, Toilet Articles, Perfumery,
Face^ Powders, Fine Toilet Soaps,
Tooth Powders, Tooth Brushef, La
dies'Hand Mirrors, Razors.Shaving
Setts, Trusses, Shoulder Braces, Snp
Pure, High Toned Flavoring Extracts,
Baking. Powders and Soda, Pepper,
? Allspice, Ginger, and Finest Teas in
the market Cigars and Tobacco.
Best Coal Oil Lamps and Lamp
Goods, and every variety of choice
Goods and necessary articles usually
kept in First Class Drug Stores and
used in families.
PATENT MEDICINES, all the
Standard and Reliable ones kept i n
stock. The sweetest and most deli?
cate Perfumes and Odors, and a full
line of Colognes and Toilet Water
. always in stock.
Chapped hands, face and lips are
very prevalent at this; season of the
year, and nothing will cure and pre?
vent this annoying affliition so effectu?
ally as a box of Camphor Ice, Cosma
line, or some of our pure Glycerine.
FANCY GOODS and Sundries,
and a thousand and one other arti?
cles of general use may be found in
our complete stock.
S?T Oblige us by giving us a call, and
you will be surprised at our LOW
PRICES and superior quality of our
With the compliments of the Season, we are yours, ?c->
WILHITE & WILHITE.
TO BE SOLD AT BOTTOM rJtlCES.
In Great Variety.
Of all Grades.
BUY OUR "BOSS" HAND SAW,
Fully Warranted and sold for $1.50?
GUNS, AMMUNITION AND~ul IMPLEMENJLS.
HARDWARE OF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
??r Call on ns. Try us, aud you will always be pleased.
'SULLIVAN & BRO.,
Look for tlie the SIGHV of tlie CIRCULAR SAW.
GOODS WERE NEVER SO LOW.
This fact We are prepared to Prove to our Friends and
Customers who may favor us with a call.
AYfE are now receiving the largest and most carefully selected Stock of General Mer
V V chandise which we have ever purchased, and will make it to your interest to
call and examine for .yourselves. We have added t the lines usually kept by us many
new. and desirable ones, embracing?
Ladies' Dress Goods, Flannels, Suitings, Shawls, &c,
And the best CORSET on the market at 00c, worth $1.00. Also, a
A LARGE LINE OF READY MADE CLOTHING,
HATS, TRUNKS, UMBRELLAS,
BLANKETS, SADDLES and HARNESS.
Also, the Celebrated "NEW GLOBE" SHIRT-the king of all Shirts. It needs
only to be worn to be appreciated.
We ore agents for the Celebrated Misbawaka Sulky Piows, Cultivators and Hand
The "Whito Hickory" and "Hickman" one and two-horse WAGONS, every one of j
which we guarantee.
The attention of Ginners and Farmers is called to our?
COTTON SEED AND GRAIN CRUSHER,
By which you can crash your Cotton Seed and make your Fertilizer.
Get our prices on Plantation and Gin House Scales, Cotton Gins, Foed s and Con?
densers and General Farm Machinery.
??' . :
We are at all times in the Cotton Market, and will do you right. We will pay all
ties who owe us for Supplies and Guano an extra price.
A large lot of BAGGING and TIES at lowest prices.
McCULLY, CATHCART & CO,
THE MANUFACTURING EXEMPTION.
Mr. Scudday'a Reasons for Favoring a
Repeal of the Existing; Lair.
Mr. Editor : In your issue of Decem?
ber 18th you mention the fact that I
spoke in the Souse of Representatives in
iu favor of repealing the law exempting
factories from taxation. In the article
you express your satisfaction that my
views did not prevail, and you speak of
the law as one highly beneficial to the
State. Whilst the House by an over?
whelming vote killed the exemption, yet,
since your article has put me before the
people as opposing a measure of such
benefit to them, I think it but just to
them; as well as to myself, for you to al?
low me to present to them my reasons for
the position I occupied. This is only
what I desire. I have no idea you mjant
to provoke a newspaper controversy, nor
do I mean by this communication to do
so. Perhaps I can best accomplish my
desire by asking you to publish the
speech referred to and leave the people
to judge the correctness of my position.
H. G. Scudday.
Me. Speaker: The ingenuity dis?
played in the arguments of the friends of
the Exemption Law to-day, is only sur?
passed by the ingenuity displayed in 1873,
when its friends succeeded in placing it
upon the Statute Books of this State, in
the face of the express mandates of the
Constitution against it.
Their speeches are as remarkable for
what they do not tell us, as they are for
what they assert. Whilst the climax of
their argument has been that "foreign
capital will seek Investments in our State,"
yet it is quite remarkable that we have
not been told on this floor of a single
factory in South Carolina that has been
built by foreign capital. Nor have we
been showu that enough foreign capital
has been added to home capital in build?
ing factories to justify taking from the
treasury annually such a large sum of
money tbatshould remain thereto lighten
the burden of taxation upon the people.
It boa developed here that one foreign
capitalist did pat forty thousand dollars
in one factory, but be did not do it until
be was given the exclusive right of
handling and patting the goods upon the
market when manufactured, with the
right to retain large commissions for his
work. He may not have known of the
The gentleman who last spoke made
use of one remark that completely shat?
tered the force of bis speech. He said
"money is powor." Yes, Mr. Speaker,
money is power, and little does it need the
arm of legislation to Bnstain it. Another
remark of bis made the injustice of the
present law even-more glaring than ever.
He said "he favored the exemption
because when factories are built the poor
by hundreds could get employment." He
failed to tell us that the Exemption Law
said to the wealthy corporation, with its
magnificent buildings, you need not pay
your tax, and that it said to those hun?
dreds of poor people who really need aid,
and who furnish the physical labor, with?
out which the factories could not exist,
yon must pay the last farthing of your
tax. My friend could much better show
his sympathy for the poor by advocating
an exemption from taxation for the ope?
ratives of factories.
The gentleman from Greenville (Mr.
Ansel) places himself in an amusing po?
sition by bis advocating the Exemption
Law. Two session's ago when he felt
that the welfare of the people of this
State demanded it, he stood here and
labored zealously for the Railroad Com?
mission Act, even when he was told that
its passage would drive foreign capital
from Railroad enterprise in this State.
Then it was duty to ignore tbe claims of
foreign capital in order f.o protect tbe in?
terests of our own people. Now the in?
terests of foreign capitalists seems to out?
weigh in imporiance the interests of our
own people. Again it is somewhat
amusing to notice how extremely anx?
ious he is to benefit the people, even at
the expense of violating the terms of the
Constitution, and yet when the opportu?
nity is offered him by complying with
its requirements to benefit the people, as
for instance the maintenance of the South
Carolina College, we find bim opposing
it with a consistency that Is indeed strik?
ing. I shall notice only one other point
of his before noticing the more important
issues of this discussion. He favors the
exemption because be is an advocate of
a diversity of industries in South Caroli?
na, and thinks it will develop them. I
assert that the remedy the gentlemau
suggests is worse than the- disease.
Whenever the government takes under
its wing any one department of industry,
bestows upon it favors, which it denies
to others of equal merit, or enters into a
sort of partnership with it, by legislating
to increase the ordinary profits of that
industry, you at once create a govern?
mental monopoly as it were, and destroy
the very possibility of a healthy develop?
ment and growth on the part of the other
industries that are denied such favors.
My position is, that the. surest way to in?
duce a diversity of industries in South
Carolina, is to secure the protection of
the rights of all, and to show favoritism
and partiality to none.
If, however, Mr. Speaker, this House
is determined to violate the principle 1
have just announced, and foster any one
department of industry in this State by
tbe strong arm of legislation, let us have
an eye to the one most meritorious. Let
us foster tbe one that contributes most to
the welfare and support of our State.
This is not a manufacturing State and
we can never hope to make it one. We
can never com' Qte with the manufactur?
ing States of hot England. It is purely
an agricultural State, Now, sir,
it would be but a just recognition of this
fact, and that the life blood of this State
comes from that department, for us, if
we have any special favors to Bhow, to
give it the benefit of them.
^ The day of the necessity for the exemp?
tion of factories has long ceased to exist
in this State. In 1873. when the law
was enacted, who filled the seats of this
Hall? Who occupied the chair now
graced by you ? Property in South Caro?
lina, as well as personal rights were in
jeopardy. Foreign capital would not
seek our State. Perhaps it was policy
then to enact Buch a law. But, sir, I
make it as the proudest assertion of my
life, that South Carolina ha3 been re?
deemed, regenerated and disenthralled.
And now with honest home-rule, the
adaptability of our soil to tbe culture of
cotton, and the thousands of natural
water powers in our State, are they not
in themselves sufficient to induce capital
here? What is it that developed manu?
facturing industries in North Carolina
and Georgia ? I am informed they have
no such laws and yet they double us in
those enterprises. In fact such Exemp?
tion Laws are found in very few of the
States of this Union. And where they
do exist, manufacturing does not keep
pace with those States that do not have
Ar .?her argument in favor of this ex?
emption is, that factories when built add
to the taxable property of the State, in?
creases the value of adjacent lands and
a fiords markets for the farmers. This
may be true. If bo, then is it right to
discriminate against railroads. For the
same reasons they are more entitled to
the exemption. There are ten times
more foreign capital to day in this State
invested in railroads than in factories,
but I dare say, my friends would not ad?
vocate their exemption. It is hero that
the hideous form of protection is seen.
The very same principle that arrays the
Democracy of this country against the
Republican party, and yet, in the Demo?
cratic State of South Carolina, while with
our Hps we are denouncing the protective
system, we are allowing this law to re?
main on our books, which savor9 of the
strictest protection. Beautiful consist?
Be the benefits of the exemption what
tbey may, there is a question at the bot?
tom of this matter, that outweighs all
other-, in importance. It is the charac?
ter of the means to be used in bringing
about the results. I might accomplish
much good at your County Poor House
with iftbousand dollars, by feeding and
clothing the poor?yet this would not
make it right for me to rob a Bank to get
the money. Can this exemption stand
the teat in the light of the Constitution
of this State, which each of us have
sworn to support? If not, then it is a
solemn duty to oppose it, however bene?
ficial the results may be. In legislation,
the end can never justify tbe means.
But, Mr. Speaker, the friends of tbe
exemption have undertaken to ignore tbe
constitutional objection, by saying that
the Legislature is no judicial body, and
that the law now on the books is for the
construction of tbe courts. An ingen?
ious evasion, a subterfuge! Not being
able to meet it, they evade it, and here
to-day we defy them to answer it. Has
the Constitutional objection pnused be?
yond the consideration of this House?
I assert, that when a bill is introduced to
repeal an existing law, the law is revived
in all its bearings, and its merits are
brought before tbe House as if it was an
original question. I am still more sur?
prised at some who intimate that we can
with impunity, ignore tbe Constitution
altogether in this matter. This must
arise from a misapprehension of its char?
acter. ??Mr. Story tells us, that a Con?
stitution is a barrier between the people
and t hose who would usurp power.
That ii; is a limit fixed, witbiu which
those who exercise tbe Legislative,
judicial, and executive functions of tbe
government, must operate. We perform
then the highest duty we owe our con?
stituency, when we preserve intact tbe
fundamental law of the land, and com?
ply with the oaths that are required of us
as members of this House. With this
view of the Constitution before us, it is
necessary to read only one or two Bee*
tions of it to determine our duty. I
call your attention to tbe imperative
langnage of Section II, Article 12: "The
property of corporations now existing ? or
hereafter created, shall be subject to taxa
tion, except in cases otherwise provided
for in this Constitution." Section V,
Article 9, prescribes what property is
exempt, viz: such as schools and the
property of penal and charitable institu?
tions. The Constitution does not exempt
Factories, but on the contrary provides
for an equal and uniform rate of taxation
on a'l other property not exempt.
Can anything be more express or
mandatory than the sections quoted ?
Therefore having no authorky in the
Constitution for this exemption, are we
to usurp the power to do so? To pre?
vent usurpation of power, Section IV,
Article I of the Constitution says: "All
powers mot herein delegated remain with
the people." They have never delegated
to us the power to exempt Factories
from taxation, and they alone possess ft.
Until they in the exerciee of their re?
served rights amend the Constitution
allowing this exemption, I cao never
give my vote or influence to the existence
of such a law. Mr. Speaker, these are
ray views after much serious thought and
meditation. I am not opposed to Fac?
tories, or to the material progress of my
native State. Not that I do not love
them, but that 1 love a compliance with
my sense of duly to the Constitution
more. This bill will not effect existing
Factories It is right for the State to'
maintain good faith with them. I do
hope it will pass and the Exemption Law
be repealed; The advocates of the ex?
emption remind me of a man trying to
cap a muttering volcano. Sooner or
later it will betepealed. I firmly believe
that the people will rise in their indig?
nation, and with the power they, possess,
will wipe from the Statute Books of this
State this law, which savors so strongly
of strict protection, and every letter of
which is glaring with injustice and dis?
crimination, and which has not tbe
slightest foundation in tbe Constitution
of this State.
[The exemption was killed in tho
House by an overwhelming vote. Tbe.
oldest an d most distinguished Lawyers of
tbe House, endorsing tbe Constitutional
objections raised, voted for its repeal.
In the Senate it liked one vote of being
repealed.] H. G. S.
Profitable Cotton Raising.
The Atlanta Constitution records the
results of a competitive trial in profitable
cotton raising in Georgia, in which
seventy-live planters participated. A
fertilizer company in the State offered
$800 in gold for the best yield of cotton
made on ground enriched with their fer?
tilizer, and four Jersey bulls for the best
yield produced by .clubs. The highest
yield was 1,345 pounds of lint cotton to
tho acre, or three and one-half bales of
450 pounds each. The lowest yield was
430 pounds, or a bale to tbe acre. The
average of the seventy-five farmers was
774 pounds, or nearly two bales to the
acre. To Becure this, they used an aver?
age of 888 pounds of the fertilizer, which
cost $16.i54. The cotton brought $69.66,
leaving a. net profit of $44.12 to the acre,
the cotton seed nearly paying for the
cultivation. "At a bale to the acre above
the cost of tbe fertilizer, anv farmer can
get rieb," says the Constitution, and the
seventy-live made more than that aver?
age. The returns from tbe State show
that on an average three and a half acres
were required to produce a bale, or seven
acres, under the old method, to secure
what the new method produced from one
acre?a demonstration of the profits of
"improved farming" which will not be
lost on i;he planters of the cotton belt.
The corn premiums produced results
equally gratifying. There were sixteen
contestants, and tbe average yield was
eighty-one bushels to the acre, the first
premium being taken with 116} bushels.
The interest in those contests, and their
success, prove that the Southern planters
are "abandoning the loose, old plantation
methods, and are beginning to see the
profit and comfort in small farms well
tilled." A steady following of this sys?
tem will pay that section better than all
the politics it ever indulged in.
? Tho centre of our population haa
for a century moved westward with ro
markable regularity, beginning atapoint
on the eastern sbcre of Maryland, and
reaching one ten miles west of Cincin?
nati. It is calculated, however, that pro?
gress in that direction is stopped in con?
sequence of the rapicVgrowth of many
Atlantic coast cities and the advancement
of some of the southern-State*.
The Happiness of the A rp Family.
It is the same old story, but it is a good
I one. We have passed another milestone
j in the journey of life. Christmas has
' come again and now it has gone. How
j short these miles are getting as we near
, the end. They used to be long, very
long, to me. How that, I wonder! They
say tbat time passes swiitly when we are
j happy, and it is so, I know, for an hour
or a day. but it is not so for a month or a
year. Tbe flight of years is measured by
our age. Childhood is happy and bright,
' and to happy children the sun "does nev?
er rise a wiuk too soon, nor bring too
long a day," but the yearn seem almost
an age?an age of pleasure. Time shrinks
up as we grow old. Everything shrinks.
The trees are not so tall nor the hills so
long and steep. The rivers are not so
wide and the creeka have become branch?
es. Indeed, the great big world that
used to strain our comprehension and
excite our wonder is not much of a planet
On Christmas night, tbat is the night
before Christmas, Mrs. Arp and I took
our patriarchal stations in the big arm
chairs by the parlor mantel, and with
patient and serene dignity prepared our?
selves for coming events. We let the
young folks manage these things now and
they give us no trouble. There was a
goodly gathering of children and grand?
children and kith and kindred, and all of
them were arrayed in Sunday garments,
and the little chaps' faces fairly shined
they were so clean, and their fond moth
era looked upon them with a visible joy
and a maternal pride, when all of a
j sudden our blue-eyed daughted opened
wide tbe door and exclaimed: "Old
Santa Claus has come." Merciful good?
ness, what a fuss 1 It looks like a cyclone
j had struck in these parts and was ex?
ploding right here in the parlor. 1 can't
here anything for the tumultuous confu?
sion of infantile voices, and the grown up
ones are no better. Old Santa Claus has
just come into the room and emptied his
basket, and now the little 'in horns are
tooting and tbe harps are blowing and
tbe boys are popping paper caps in little
iron heads fastened to a string, It is all
mixed up with "oh my, oh isent it lovely,
bless his heart. Look at my slippers
well I declare," and the women folks are
showing their handkerchiefs and shawls
and perfumery, and sofort?, and the men
and boys are taking on over their cuff
buttons and handkerchiefs and cravats,
and one boy has got a new gun, and
another a fine book, and another some?
thing else, and there are firecrackers by
the peck and ever and anon there is a
grand racket in the front yard, for they
are popping them in a barrel, and here
they go and there they go, ail on the
tramp and everybody talking at once, and
I think I hear a baby squalling and a
wounded boy a bawling, and now of
course Mrs. Arp is calling, and the jum?
ble is appalling, and amidst it all I am
still calm and serene, for Christmas comes
but once a year, and let's have fun and
frolic and good cheer.
But by and by the program changes
and the plays begin and big and little run
round the row of chairs to see who will
be left out when the music stops. It
makes the old house quake when they all
throw themselves into their seats lumul
tuously, ands-ever and anon I hear an old
chair crack and now and then a little
chap gets run over and retires with a
groaa, but it is all right I reckon for it is
Christmas, and it is free for all. They
jammed me up in a corner with my little
table and all I can do is to look on and
feast my soul upon their happiness for it
all carries me back to the days of my
gushing childhood when I never got tired
of such frolics and loved the nights that
brought them, when hide and ceek was a
glorious joy and the little Jack Maring;'II
a drama of delight. Oh would I were a
boy again just now, not for life, but just
now. I would like to feel as I used to
feel when all was bright and gushing and
exultant, and there was no apprehension
of trouble or grief or dark shadows to
come. Such thoughts do come and go in
spite of us and they ? ellow us down aud
prepare us to let go our hold upon earth
when our time comes. I thank the good
Lord for so gently tempering our life that
w 3 become reconciled to the change in
due time. When we are young and
bouyant it is all right we should ex*
"The world is very lovely Oh my God,
I thank Thee that I live.
But when we get old it is just as sweet
"I would not live always,
I ask not to stay."
And now the music has beguu and I
am called.to help for they are getting up
a family dance and Mrs. Arp and I al?
ways make the music. They let us do
that?we are still useful and it would be
right hard for these young folks to get
along without us. Mrs. Arp's fingers are
still nimble and as gracefully touch the
ivory keys, as when I first worshipped at
her shrine thirty-six years ago and went
into raptures over Kathleen Mavourneen
and her beautiful hazel eyes?not Kath?
leen's eyes, but Mrs. Arp's. And she
just nearly died over my soft dove like
notes on the flute as I carroled "The
Sweet Vale of Avoca," or "The Irish
But now when the young folks wish to
dance, we cheerfully respond aud play a
medley that ba*? neither beginning nor
ending, for it just goes on and on and
round and round, and is a fantastic fan?
tasia that is an original mixture of Dix?
ie and Run Nigger Run, and the Bob?
tail Nag and Come Out of the Wilder?
ness and the Arkansaw Traveller and
Highland Fling, up in a Balloon Boys,
and some others of like life and key and
measure. Oh, we make music we do,
and the children always cheer us and
thank us so rapturously that we try it
again when they call us and get ready
for the next eet.
And now tbe programme changes
again and we have music with song.
Younger fingers touch the keys and the
family choir gets round the piano and
cheers the wee small hours with melody.
The old standard songs are still welcome
songs that never wear out, such as
"Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep,"
"Suwanee River" and "Annie Laurie,"
and there are some later ones that are full
of sweet harmony, such as "I. Sent a
Letter to My Love," and Punchinello and
"when the leaves begin to fall." But all
pleasures must close after while, and so,
one by one, the little chaps surrendered
to their drooping eyelids, and peace and
quiet reigns. We did not gather all our
children this time, for their business and
engagements would not permit. But we i
got together a goodly number, and scat?
tered the extra beds all around upon the
parlor floor, and Mrs. Arp's turkeys, that
she raised, are being daily sacrificed upon
the altar of paternal love. One of our
farmer raised boys left us three years ago
to seek his own fortune in the great city
of Gotham, and he haB succeeded and is
a Bohemian on a city paper and has
come home brightened up with a new
civilization and talks yankee and dresses
yr.nkee and looks yankee, but he has the
same loving soul in him and brings com?
fort and unalloyed pleasure to his home.
It ia amusing to see the wonder and ad?
miration with which the younger chil?
dren look at him -md listen to his chang?
ed vernacular. One of them seemed a
little troubled and said with serious con?
cern, "papa do you think New York has
done Rictor any harm?" "Why, no,"
said I, "what makes you ask such a
'?Well, I don't know," said he, "but he
wears that silk hat and he is so polite
and he says he eats oatmeal at his board?
ing house all the time, just like Rick folkB
do." The boy was really alarmed for fear
his big bud bad become demoralized.
And now they will finish up the week
with dog and guns. They promise to
keep the table supplied with game, but
though this is good hunting ground it is
very poor finding, and when they do
find it is very poor killing. There were
eight of them after one squirrel this
evening, and they scared him so bad with
the noise of their guns that he finally
ran down the tree and the dog caught
him. But after all, they had a power of
Well, Christmas will be over when this
reaches your readera. I hope they all
had a good time and were happy, and
now let me wish for you and for them a
happy New Year.
A MOUNTAIN MYSTERY.
Is the American Volcano froartd in North
Charleston News and Courier.
The singular phenomenon which re?
cently startled the people living near
Elk mountain, in North Carolina, a brief
account of which was published in the
News and Courier a few days ago, deserves
more attention than is likely to be be?
stowed upon it. It is indeed but one
link in a chain of such occurrences, and
the series undoubtedly presents some
features of sufficient importance to re?
quire a careful investigation at tbe bands
of scientists, geologists and others quali?
fied to conduct such investigation in the
most thorough manner, and thereby to
trace tbe connection between the differ?
ent phenomena, and, if possible, to dis?
cover tbe cause of them all. A review
of some of these occurrences will interest
every person who lives between the Blue
Ridge and tbe Atlantic ocean, at least,
as this numerous cla; s may be fairly sup?
posed to feel a special interest in the
stability of the plateiu upon which they
live and upon which they expect their
children to live after them.
Concerning the mo at recent disturbance
in the mountains, Dr. J.S. T. Baird, wbo
is evidently an int.: 11 igent and careful
observer, and who wsis himself an audi?
tor of what occurred, says:
"Standing on an elevated point on my
farm, with a full and unobstructed view
of tbe entire Elk mountain range, and
happening at tbe very moment to have
my eyes turned in the direction of the
point in question, it afforded me an ex?
cellent opportunity to observe the whole
phenomenon. The morning was exceed?
ingly bright, almost ominously calm. At
a point almost due North of my home,
and seemingly just over the crest of tbe
mountain, and at the hour above stated,
there was what seemed to be a most
terrific subterranean explosion, followed
by a very perceptible jarring and trem?
bling of the eartb for miles around, and
a heavy rumbling sound as of the deep
intonations of distant thunder, which
came on with increasi ng volume for sev?
eral seconds. Tbe sound proceeded with
rapid undulations in an eastwardly direc?
tion, following the course of the moun?
tains, and seeming to traverse tbe deep
bowels of the earth, until it reached a
point on the horizon of our valiley about
45 degrees East from where it started,
when it suddenly leaped forth from the
bosom of the mountains, and, lifting
itself above the horizon, pealed out upon
the air like a mighty thunderbolt, and
thus it ended as suddenly as it began.
Mr. A. E. Hemphill, who was on the top
of the mountain, in the immediate vi?
cinity of where the first shock occurred,
says that it seemed to be directly beneath
him and the sensation was as though tbe
whole mountain was tumbling from its
foundation, with a fearful shaking and
trembling of tbe earth. Mr. Steve
Monday and Mr. James Edwards, wbo
were on tbe mountain some two miles
further East, describe the sound and tbe
shaking and trembling of the mountain
as most appalling and terrifying, even
putting the leaves on tbe trees in rapid
and lively motion. Other persons felt
and heard the shock many miles away.
The shock was repeated, with the same
characteristics about sunset on the even?
ing of the same day."
These are no ordinary disturbances,
common to mountain ranges; but rather,
so far as is known, have been confined on
this and previous occasions to that por?
tion of the Blue Ridge which lies in tbe
Southwestern part of North Carolina,
and perhaps in the extreme Northeastern
corner of Georgia. Very little has been
made public in regard to the disturbances
in Georgia, but there is not far from Tal
lulah falls, in this State, a peak of tbe
Blue Ridge known as "Sinking Moun?
tain," which name has probably been
bestowed upon it by reason of phenomena
occurring at that point similar to those
so frequently observed a lew miles to the
Northeast in tbe same range.
The disturbances at Bald mountain
commenced ten or twelve years ago, and
excited at the time considerable interest
all over tbe country, as well as feelings
of profound apprehension in those who
dwelt within the circle of their mysteri?
ous and threatening manifestations.
It will be remembered that the mani?
festations were of so frequent occurrence
and of so violent character as to compel
the attention of persons living at a dis?
tance of forty or fifty miles from tbe
mountain itself, while those who lived
on or near it were so seriously alarmed
that hundreds of families abandoned
their homes and fled to other and distant
localities to escape the danger which
threatened tbem constantly by day and
night. The panic was so general that, at
oue time, all tbe roads leading out of the
disturbed section were filled with fugi?
tives, and they who, for any reason, were
compelled to remain behind, were reduc?
ed to a state of such confusion and ter?
ror that they gave over all other pursuits
and devoted themselves to religious exer?
cises, firmly believing that tbe end of all
things was at hand. It is easy to smile
at their fears from a far and safe distance,
but it is not to be doubted that similar
shocks repeatedly felt in other portions
of the country would lead to similar
results among the more ignorant classes
of the population at least. At the time
of the shocks at Bald mountain it was
stated that the beasts in the fields showed
their alarm not less than did their mas?
ters, and that horses halted, cowered and
shivered in theis tracks while being driv?
en along the public roads, many miles
distant from the mountain, when they
felt the mysterious tremor passing through
the ground beneath their feet.
Notwithstanding the large mass of
testimony that was published from time
to time in regard to the fact and nature
of the shocks in the Bald mountain
region, there were many persons who
denied that any such disturbances had
occurred. The Asbeville and Spartan
burg Railroad was then beirig.construct
ed on the other aide of the range eight
or ten miles distant, and the wiseacres
attributed all tbe sounds and shocks tbat
were heard and felt to l:be frequent blasts
that were made in the roclc beds along
the line. After one such'shock, however,
it was discovered that one of the numer?
ous peaks of the Bald mountain group
was rent in twain from summit to base,
and the unbelievers were..silenced from
that day to this. An investigation of the
fissure caused by that shock sihowed that
it was several feet wide and hundreds of
yards long. A party of mountaineers,
having provided themselves with ropes
and candles, entered the cleft in tbe side
of tbe mountain, and after going a short
distance found tbat it widened into a
great cavern. The appearance of tbe
walls proved beyond question that the
cavern was of very recent origin; frag?
ments of rocks bung loosely overhead;
tbe floor was covered with debris, and
altogether the situation was so threaten?
ing and uncertain, at best, tbat tbe ex?
ploration was abandoned well nigh at its
outset. It has never been pressed any
further^ to the writer's knowledge. The
impression made upon the minds of those
who entered the cave waa that the "bot?
tom of the mountain had dropped out,
down to somewhere," leaving the peak
little more than a rocky shell. On this
theory the phenomena .bat had been
observed for so many months before were
accounted for. The inside of the moun?
tain had been crumbling and caving in,
piecemeal, and the fall of the masses in
the interior had caused the shocks and
rumbling sounds that had been felt and
heard for miles around. The theory may
j or may not be the true one. It will hold
until a better one is offered, at least, and
has strong support in some other recent
occurrences in the same neighborhood.
A few miles from Bald mountain, in
another part of the same range, is another
peak tbat has certainly caved in tbe way
the nature of the disturbances that
have occurred at this point is beyond
question. The mountain baa caved and
crumbled until it is as hollow as a bee
hive, and a very badly cracked 'bee bive
withal. Currents of warm air are drawn
into crevices between tho rocks on the
one side of the mountain, and pour out
on the other side, as chill as a blast from
an ice house. The outgoing currents
creep along the ground and are distin?
guishable in tbe summer time at a dis?
tance of half a mile from the point of
exit. So it is said. A fishing rod can
be driven out of sight at many places, in
the crevices between tbe rocks under
foot. At one point a cross section of tbe
ridge has fallen bodily a distance of per?
haps a hundred feet?leaviog a gap
through tbe mountain like a railroad
"cut," tbe side walls of which are nearly
perpendicular. Make two parallel cuts
across and through a loaf of baker's
bread, and then u.ash down the middle
slice so formed and you nil! get a fair
idea of what has occurred here. The
loaf of bread is a mountain, however,
and the slice is probably an hundred
yards' long. At another point such a
slice has fallen without exposing from
above tbe gap which it has left. There
is a slight crevice at tbe surface, indeed,
but you would step across that without
suspecting what was under you. Tbe
crevice gradually widens as you descend
the mountains, and you can go into it at
one or two places. Looking upward it
appeared as a broken thread of light
extending along the roof of a cave of
unknown proportions. The rock walls
of the cave are broken and cracked in
every direction, and the floor is covered
with fragments that have fallen from
above, and tbat keep falling. Tbe floor
also drops away sometimes. You cannot
go very far along the dark and dangerous
road your feet are in, even if you wish
to do so, because it ends suddenly in an
abyss of which you can neither see the
roof, llit sides, nor the bottom. Drop a
stone ov? r the verge?you will never
hear it strikt! There is no known bot?
tom there; it, too, has dropped down to
There are other evidences of fin rest
and uncertainty in the hearts of those
everlasting hills. In one place a great
body of water gushed out of the side of
a mountain, breaking its way through
the soil and carrying everything before
it. The guides will show you "whirl?
pools" tbat receive mountain streams and
swallow them. Throw a st?ck into tbe
little mealstrom and it will npin around
a few moments aud then disappear in
These things are all peculiar and in?
teresting and unexplained. If the same
features and facts and phenomena were
?to be observed in the Harta mountains
there would be legends about them, and
Americans would cross the ocean to see
them and write books about them. If
they were located in the White moun-"
tains, or the Catskills, or the Adi rondacks,
there would be hotels and railroads all
through the region to accommodate the
crowds of visitors every summer. As it
is, it is all in the "Land of the "Sky,"
and might as well be in the sky itself, so
far as'our people are concerned.
Girls in Odd Stocking!!.
"Scarlet stockings? Yes, they're all
the go," said a Chestnut street hosiery
dealer yesterday. "But that isn't the
latest craze by any means."
"What is the latest fashion, then ?"
"Why, on Saturday morning I had
three young lady customers who came in
and bought three pair of red and three
pair of olack hose. I was somewhat sur?
prised und asked the object. In each
case I v as told that it was not the.proper
caper to wear two red stocking^ now, any
more than it is to wear two black ones."
"Well, what on earth were tbey going
"Wear one of each kind?a scarlet
stocking on one foot and a black one on
the other. It's a fact I assure you. And
the fashion is gaining ground, for this
morning I had several more customers
on tbe same errand. Black and red, you
know, are striking and at tbe same time
becoming contrasts."? Philadelphia Times.
An Enthusiastic Citizen.
"Your house is afire, Colonel/' said a
man approaching an acquaintance one
night during a political "ratification"
when the pulse of" many a man was fe?
"All ride, ole boy. Go up after
while'n put her out."
"But the roof was falling in when I
"Thad so? Cellar ain' hurtyit,reckon.
"Nearly all of your furniture is de?
"Thad fact? Saved the well didn'
tbey ? All right. Hoorah !"
Tbe American is an enthusiastic citi?
? A zealous preacher, who loved
smoking as well as he ought, in a heated
discourse exclaimed, aiming his rifle at
some of his hearers: "Brethren, there
is no sleeping car on the road to glory."
One of the party whom he aimed to hit
responded: "No, brother, nor smoking
New York, December 29.?The fol?
lowing cor-cspondeuce explains itself:
Nat'l Civil Sep.vice Reform Leaoue,
Office 4 Pine Street,
Nlw York, December 20,1884.
Bon. Grover Cleveland: Sir: We
have the honor to address you on behalf
of the National Civil Service Beform
League, tin association composed of
citizens of all parties, whose sole pur?
pose is indicated by its name, and which
takes no part whatever in party contro?
versy. The vast increase in the number
of persons engaged in the civil service,
and the giaVe mischiefs and dangers
arising from the general proscription in
the service which for half a century has
followed a change of party control of the
national administration, have produced
so profound an impression upon the pub?
lic mind that the first effective steps
toward reform were taken with the co?
operation of both parties in the passage
of the reform Act of January 16th, 1883.
The abuse which that Act seeks to cor?
rect, however, are so strongly entrenched
in the traditions and usages of both par?
ties that there is naturally a wide-spread
anxiety lest the party change ,in the
National Executive, effected by the late
election, should ?bow them to be insu?
perable ; but believing as we do that the
reformed system cannot be held to be
securely established until it has safely
passed the ordeal of such party change,
and recalling with satisfaction and con?
fidence your public expressions favorable
to reform and your official acts as tbe
Chief Executive of the State of New
York, we confidently commend this cause
to your patriotic care in the exercise of
the great power with which the Ameri?
can people have entrusted you.
Geo. Wm,, Curtis, President.
Wm, Potts, Secretary.
John Jay, Moorefield Storey, J. Hall
Pleasants, \Y. W. Montgomery, Everett
P. Wheeler, Frederick Cromwell, Mor
rell Wyman, Jr., Carl Schurz, Silas W.
Burt, *A. S. McDonough, Win. Carey
Sanger, Wm. W.Aiken, Executive Com?
president-elect cleveland's reply.
Albany N. Y., December 25, 1884.
Bon. George William Curtis, President,
d'c.?Dear Sir: Your communication,
dated December 20, addressed to me on
behalf of the National Civil Service Re?
form League, bae beeu received. That a
practical reform in civil service is de?
manded, is abundantly established by
the fact that the statute referred to in
your communication to secure such a re?
sult has been passed in Congress, with
the assent of both political parties, and
by the further fact that tbe sentiment is
generally prevalent among patriotic peo?
ple, calling for a fair and honest enforce?
ment of the law, which has been thus
enacted. I regard myself pledged to
this, because my conception of true
Democratic faith and public duty re?
quires that this and all' other statutes
should be in good faith and without
evasion enforced, and because in many
utterances mf.de prior to my election as
President, approved by the party to wl i:h
I belong, and which I have no disposi?
tion to disclaim, I have in effect promised
the people, that this should be done. I
am not unmindful of the fact to which
you refer, tha: many of our citizens fear
that the recent party change in the
National Executive may demonstrate
that abuses which have grown up in
civil service .ire ineradicable. I know
that they are ieeply rooted and that tbe
spoils system has been supposed to be j
intimately rehted to success in the main?
tenance of party organization, and I am
not sure that all those who profess to be
friends of thisi reform, will stand firmly
among its advocates when they find it
obstructing their way to patronage and
place. But fully appreciating the trust
committed to ray charge, no such consid?
eration shall cause a relaxation on my
part of an earnest effort to enforce this
law. There is a class of Government
positions which are not within the letter
of the Civil Service Statute, but which
are so disconnected with the policy of an
administration, that the removal there?
from of the present incumbents, in my
opinion, should not be made during tbe
terms for which they were appointed,
solely on partisan grounds and for the
purpose of putting in their places those
wbo were in political accord with the
appointing power. But many now hold?
ing such positions have forfeited all just
claims to retention, because tbey have
used their places for party purposes in
disregard of their duly to the people,
and because, instead of being decent
public servants, they have proved them?
selves offensive partisans and unscrupu?
lous manipulators of local party man?
agement. Th 3 lessons of tbe past should .
be unlearned, and such officers, as well
as their successors, should be taught that
efficiency, fitness and devotion to duty,
are conditionn of their continuance in
public place, and that the quiet and un?
obtrusive exercise of individual political
rights,,is a reasonable measure of their
party service. If I were addressing
none but party friends, I should deem it
entirely proper to remind them, that
though the coming administration is to
be Democratic, a due regard for the peo?
ple's interest does not permit faithful
party work to be always rewarded by
appointment b3 office, and to say to them,
that while Democrats may expect all
proper consideration, selections for office,
not embraced within the civil" service
rules, will be based upon sufficient in?
quiry as to fitness, instituted by those
charged with that duty, rather than upon
persistent importunity or self-solicitation
and recommendations on behalf of can?
didates for appointment.
* Yours very truly,
Always look Under tho Sofa,
The following from the Conyers Weekly
is published vrith the hope that it may
serve as a warning to spoony couples
There is a certain boy who does not
live a thousand miles from here that
ought tobe killed. Last Sunday even?
ing he crawled under the sofa, and when
his big sister and her best young man
were sitting as close together as possible,
he rigged a slip-knot around their feet.
When the old gentleman came into the
parlor to look for his cigar stump they
thought they would occupy separate pews.
The young mad fell over the center table,
and Miss-sat down on the floor with
a concussion that dislocated her adjusta?
ble bangs. The old gentleman thought
Mr.-was drunk, and hit him with his
cane several times before he could tear
himself loose r.nd fall out of tho window.
The match is declared off.
? The Russian government is about
to build an eleven thousand ton iron clad,
tbe cost of which is estimated at $3,250,
? It does cot seem to follow that in
order to be lorg-lived we must have long
lived ancestor*. Sir Moses Montefiore,
j aged 100, states that his father died at 44
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