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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, January 08, 1885, Image 2

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E. B. MURRAY, Editor.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 8; 1885.
TBKM8 -
"I - ONE YEAR._.....-S1.50.
SIX MONTHS.........-!-... ? 750.
Two Dollars IC r; o t paid In ad vane e.
THE FACTORY EXEMPTION QUESTION.
^ We.cheerfuliy accord to Mr. Scudday
the opportunity to publish his speech in
the House of Representatives in opposi?
tion to the existing law which exempts
manufactories from, taxation for a period
of ten years, but in doing so we must not
' be understood as sanctioning; that the
publication of the mere fact that a mem?
ber of the Legislature spoke upon any
, given side of a question entitles him to
. have that speech published in tbe paper
so announcing. Mr. Scudday's speech,
however, is thoughtful and well prepared,
so that it will be doubtless interesting
and instructive to those who read it,
though we do. no . think it will stand the'
test of a critical examination. It is
plausible?pitched in a popular strain ;
but we think outside of this that it fails
to advance any strong reason for the re?
peal he seeks. The main-idea that runs
through Mr. Scudday's speech is, that!
"the exemption, robs the many for tbe
benefit cf the few, and of course if this
is true it is a grievous crime. In practice
the sums invested in factory stocks are
raised out of surplus money, which would
otherwise be put into non-taxable bonds,
:' or in many instances fail tobe returned
for taxation; oat of capital induced to
come here from abroad, which would
otherwise not be subject to taxation here,
and-also a portion of it is raised oat of
small saviugs by men and ladies in limi?
ted circumstances, who invest in a few
shares of factory stock. Theso are the
three classes. Now let us see what the
State gives up.
To begin with, it agrees not to tax the
surplus money which is invested in man*
ufactnring for ten years. This may ap?
pear to be a great concession, but in
. reality it is a good trade for the State, for
as a general thing there is very little sur?
plus money returned.for taxation; and
when men of-large means invest their
moneys they frequently manage to place
' a considerable part of it in a manner in
; which it pays no . taxes. Tbe State,
therefore, says to the owner of surplus
- capital, if you will invest it in factory
. stock, where it can always be seen and
taxed, we will exempt it for ten years.
Theoretically the State may lose, but
practically we believe she makes by tbe
bargain, if it were to stop right here.
Then oh the introduced capital there can
ho no. question tbat the State will ulti
". mately gain by inducing its permanent
investment here, upon condition that
when so invested it shall be free from
taxation for ten years.
'Upon the third class cf investments of
small savings the State also gains, for
many of these sums would otherwise go
to secure some temporary comfort, which
would add nothing to the wealth of the
_ State, and would not appear upon the tax
.botfks..
In all these classes it will be seen tbat
it is at least doubtful if the State does'
. not make more than she loses by induc?
ing investment in factories, where it can
always be reached for taxation. We do
not mean to deny that sometimes money
is pot into factories which would other
- wise go upon the tax books, but we are
satftfied that a great deal goes there
which, would otherwise not get on tbe
tax books, and then after ten years it is
forever taxed by the State.
It is also a mistake to suppose that
: exemption from taxes is not an induce?
ment for money to be in vested in manu?
facturing. It is equal to one per cent,
interest, which is one fourth or one-third
as; much as many men make on their
money in some of tbe Northern States?
. one-third as mach as tbe government
pays on its bonds.
. ~ It is "likewise a mistake to claim that
V the exemption principle is a new one in
this State. It has run through the whole
history of South Carolina. We believe
;7 itwas first began in the shape of boun?
ties for the. cultivation of indigo. We
believe tbat every railroad that was built
-in tbe State before the war was exempted
from taxation, either for a period of fifty
years,-or in perpetuity. It has. always
beea the policy and tbe practice of couth
Carolina to encourage attention to inmn
tile, industries which gave promise of
profitable development.
It is .equally a mistake, we think, to
assume that we caunot equal the New
England States in manufacturing. We
have ar more equitable temperature, we
have longer days, and we have the cotton
supply at OiUj, doors. We save the mid?
dle-men in handling cotton, and the long
freight hauls on the raw material, and
the return freights on tbe amount of the
manufactured goods consumed here.
Before the war we were an exclusively
agricultural people, and ?ur slave system
was not favorable to the development of
skilled industries. Now all of this has
ehanged, and tbe work of diversified in*
dastry is steadily developing, and we
believe the South is destined to distance
her Northern sisters in tbe profitable
industry of manufacturing. *
Tbe valne of a bale of raw cotton
averages forty dollars, while tbe same
cotton manufactured becomes from three
to, perhaps, tea times as valuable, ac?
cording to the fineness of tbe manufac?
ture. It is, therefore, greatly to be de
aired to save all of this profit in our
midst. The South, upon a crop of
. 4,000,000 bales, receives about $160,000,
000, while if manufactured ia our midst
we would receive from $500,000,000 to
$1,000,000,000 for the same crop and its
manipulation. It is, therefore, the part
of political economy, and statesmanship
to encourage the manufacture of this
great staple in our midst. The coarser
goods come first, but tbe finer grades will
certainly follow.
In the next place, the man who invests
money in factories gives employment to
many helpless women and children, who
could not otherwise live so comfortably
or independently. It develops tbe re?
sources, and adds to the wealth of tbe
State. It builds prosperous villages,'
like Piedmont and Pelzer. It enhances
many fold the value of lauds around it,
by which the revenues of tbe State are
increased. It brings money into the
State. It gives a market for all farm
supplies, and tends to raise the price of
cotton. If there were factories enough
in the South to manufacture our cotton,
the farrae.rjvould get as ranch for itfbere
as it seilst for in. NewvYork or Liverpool.
It is, therefore, to the interest of all
classes'of our . people , to encourage: the
building of factories. .
Mr. Scudday says if we have any
special favors to show, let us give them
to agriculture. By all means. If Mr.
Scudday knows of any legislation which
would promote the agricultural interests
of tbe Slate, he should speedily bring it
forward; and if he can show that it will
accomplish that result,*he will have no
difficulty in securing its enactment, for
a majority of both branches of the Leg?
islature are agriculturalists. It is no
argument to oppose doing something
that has definite benefits, in order to
wait and see if something cannot be
turned up in some other direction that
would be beneficial.
. There are other parts of Mr. Scudday's
;argument which we would like to notice,
[but for the present we must content our
pelves with looking briefly at his' Consti?
tutional argument. He contends that
whenever a bill to repeal an existing law
is before the Legislature, it brings tbe
law before tbe body in all of its bearings.
This is correct if tbe word "bearings"
means its effect upon the State, bnt in
I the sense of bringing up the original
I questions,^ as Mr. Scudday implies, we
do not agree with him. A very strong
I reason may have existec. against a law
j in-its passage, and yet upon a bill to re?
peal the reason might not exist at all;
as for instance the enactment of the
j stock-law might have been opposed for
j Anderson County, because of the difficul
I ty and expense of buildjn g pasture fences,
J and yet if a bill to repeal the law were
j now to be brought forward it would not
j revive that original objection, or if it did
I it should have no force. So we contend
j that the bill to repeal does not bring up
I the Constitutional question. Our laws
I make it the duty of the Courts to decide
j matters Of Constitation&l law and not
I the Legislature. If one Legislature de
J cides an Act to be Constitutional, would
j it not have as mnch force as another
j which says it is unconstitutional. The
Courts, however, can settle tbe question
j finally. If the opponents of exemption
I believe it.to be unconstitutional, why not
{goto the Courts and teat the matter,
j They profess every confidence in their
j case and yet take good care to keep it
I out of the Courts. The 1 act is that fac
j tories are not exempt from taxation.
I They pay their taxes jus; as other people
I do, but the State annually gives them for
I ten years a sum of money equal to their
[taxes to foster and encourge their level
I opment. The State annually gives the
I State Agricultural Fair $2,500 to foster
j and encourage it, and yet it has never
I occurred to Mr. Scudday, and those with
j him, that.the same principle underlies
I both. It is a bonus in reality, though it
[ia familiarly termed an exemption. It
I may be an evasion of tbe Constitution
[apparently, but it is not bo in spirit.
I The Legislature says, in. effect, we wish
I to give you a bonus, but cannot afford to
I tax the people to do so; therefore, we
I will give you an amount equal to all the
j taxes you pay, except the two mill school
I tax for the term of ten years. We do
I not pretend to say how the Courts would
I decide the matter, but it is a little strange
I that men who are as confident that the
I law is unconstitutional, as some profess
I to be, keep so persistently away from the
j Courts. We believe it is a good law, and
I hope the Legislature will remain progres?
sive and broad enough in its views to let
I the exemption, as it is familiarly termed,
I remain as a part of our law.
j a criticism reviewed.
I Some days ago the Columbia Corres
I pondent of the News and Courier, in
j speaking of the appointments of Audi
j tors and" Treasurers by Gov. Thompson,
j stated that he bad in every case appoint
led. the incumbent. where he was an
[efficient officer and applied for reappoint
iment, and the correspondent indulged
I some reflections adverse to the primary
[system ,of electing these officers. The
I Greenville News comments of this cor?
respondence as follows;
I "This is a clear and frank exposition
I of the leading political idea prevalent at
j Columbia and Charleston. That idea is
I that the, alleged. ? sovereign people are
weak and foolish,'and no: to be trusted,
[and that the strength and wisdom lies
with some select and mysterious few who
I know what is good for the people better
I than the people'know themselves. Car
I ried to its legitimate and natural conclu?
sion, the article we have quoted means
I that popular elections and local self-go v
ernmeqt are humbugs and failures. If
Governor Thompson kno vs more of the
I qualifications of the candidates for Treas?
urer in Marion County than the people
I of Marion, why should not his knowledge
I be equally superior regar ling the candi?
dates for Sheriff, Coroner and County
j Commissioner, and why should not tne
I President of the United State be better
I qualified to select a Governor for South
I Carolina than the citizen i of tbe State?
- "All this talk about caring for tbe
people and guarding them against their
own follies is undemocratic and absurd.
The people know, what they want done
and who they want to do it. They are
competent to select proper men to man?
age their affairs, and if they are not,
should be allowed to suffer for their de?
ficiency."
The above extract strikes us as exceed?
ingly unfair to Governor Thompson.
The article which drew forth this criti?
cism is merely the expression of a cor?
respondent. Governor Thompson was
neither called upon to affirm nor deny
the correctness of the statements made.
The views of the Greenville News are
no doubt very popular with a large num?
ber of people wbo have probably not
considered the matter much. It is, how
ever, not undemocratic for the selection
of some officers to be made without conn
suiting the verdict of a popular election.
The judicial officers of the State and of
tbe United States are not elected by the
people, because the people themselves,
by tbe Federal and State Constitution,
have taken the election of these officers
away from the people. They have like
j wise, by their Constitution, taken the
right of election away from tbe people
as regards the offices of Auditor and
Treasurer. There was a good reasou for
this as to the Auditor, for it is not the
most popular man who will always make
the best Auditor. He ha3 duties to per?
form which are sometimes not pleasant,
and it was tbe intention to put bis office
out of the reach of popular clamor.
The Auditor and Treasurer are State
officers, not County only in their cbarac
ler. " Every other CoUnty in the State is
interested in tbe work of the Auditor
! and-Treasurer for Richland County as
well as the people of Richland, and there
is, therefore, some reason why the people
of one County should not have absolute
control of who is to fill these offices.
-We believe it would be to the State's ins
tercst to send a Charleston man to Green?
ville and a Greenville man to Charleston,
and so on: to assess property. The effect
would be to have a fuller and fairer valu?
ation of property in the State. The peo>
pie do not care so much about these
things, after all, as the office seekers do.
All they want is polite, efficient and
: honorable officials, and they are, by no
means, so anxious to deprive the Gover?
nor of the duty devolved on him under
the Constitution as the men who want
j the office, which another good man holds,
are to have an election in the hope of
getting in where, under civil service re?
form, they would have no chance of
securing an anointment.
THAT LAND CLAIM.
The Greenville News, commenting on
the article of the Intelligencer en?
dorsing tbe views of tbe Pickens Sentinel
upon the Brown land claim in Pickens
and Oconee Counties, says :
The above extract is from the Ander?
son Intelligencer and is proof enough
that that able newspaper, like the es?
teemed contemporary it quotes from, is
talking of something it knows nothing
about. Tbe bill alluded to was intended
to make a good title, not to "one Brown
representing a German syndicate," but
to the heirs of Col. Brown, of Charleston,
who have as much right to the unoccu?
pied portion of the property alluded to
as the proprietor of the Intelligencer
has to anything he has bought and paid
for. Col. Brown purchased a claim from
parties to whom it came by due process
of law from tbe original grantee from
tbe State, and it is held by his widowand
daughters wbe are "our own people."
Their title *s perfect with the exception
of one old paper which has been lost
from the clerk's office in Pickens or An?
derson. The Legislature was asked to
enable these heirs to give good title to a
German syndicate which proposed to pay
$25,000 for the portion of the land now
occupied and settle immigrants upon it.
The Legislature refused to grant this
perfectly proper request and permit a
transaction which would certainly have
allowed tbe widow and children of an
honest South Carolina citizen to realize
on property honestly inherited from him,
and would probably have been of im?
mense benefit to the State, because it did
not know anything more about the matter
than onr esteemed cotemporaries do, and,
like them, undertook to act without tak?
ing the trouble to learn.
We may have fallen into some error
about the personel of this claim iu com?
mon with our Pickens contemporary, but
the principle upon which we based our
position is, we still think correct. From
our Greenville contemporary's statement,
the facts are tbat Col. John Brown, years
ago, had a claim to certain lands granted
i him, or some predecessor by the State in
Pickens and Oconee Counties?then
Pendle ton County?which he did not
think worth euough to keep in position
to be enforced. He and his heirs have
remained silent for many years, during
which time parties have acquired a better
title before the law than they have
many of these people who now hold these
lands have paid their money for them,
believing tbat they had good titles to
tbem. What we said was, that if the
State has any rights which she wants to
give away to anybody in these lands, it
would be more just to give those rights to
the men who have paid their money for
them, and are now living upon them, or
using them, than to give them to persons
who have either negligently or wilfully
stood by and permitted hundreds of men
to settle and purchase these lands. We
do not think the State should interfere
between these parties, but if she does,
then we think tbe principles of equity
would be most subserved by releasing tbe
I State's interest to the actual settlers, and
I not to speculators. We think tbe Legis?
lature was right in letting tbe matter
alone- __
finishing THE STATE HOUSE.
The Columbia correspondent of tbe
Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist
says:
Tbe commissioners appointed to super?
intend the repairs on the State House
have elected Mr. John B. Niernsee as
architect of tbe building, and can com?
plete it at less expense and more sati ffac
torily, perhaps, than any other who could
'have been selected. He is now a resident
of Baltimore, but will at once remove
with bis family to Columbia. - The Leg
. isla tu re appropriated $75,000 to be ex- I
I pended on the building this year. It will
I require $750,000 to complete it, and after
I tbe work is begun tbe appropriations for
its continuance will probably be made
annually.
The selection of Mr. Nierusee is a
judicious one, and guarantees satisfacto?
ry architecture to the people of the State.
Choking to Death.
Midway, December 29.?A very re?
markable surgical operation was perform?
ed yesterday by Dr. W. B. Steedley, of
this place. A child 9 years of age, nam?
ed George Brabham, a son of our towns?
man, N. M. Brabham, whilst eating a
robin and some nuts had a piece lodge in
bis throat which stopped bis breath en?
tirely. The rest of tbe family were all
absent, but on their return a few mo?
ments afterwards he was apparently in
the last throes of death, as he could only
move his arms like a person about to
expire. A runner was dispatched for the
doctor, who lives about a quarter of a
mile off, and who came with all imagina?
ble speed. After a critical examination,
when be found tbat the child could not
breathe, he- performed a difficult and
dangerous surgical operation, cutting the
boy's throat and windpipe and introduc?
ing a rubber tube iuto the windpipe, after
which the boy commenced to breathe.
The doctor performed the operation with?
out administering any anaesthetic, and
tbe child did not appear to regard it at
all. The most wonderful part of it is
that he appears to be mending every
hour, and with every indication that he
will recover.?Correspondence News and \
Courier.
? A severe cyclone passed oyer the
Caw-Caw section of Orangeburg County
one day last week. Much damage was
done to outbuildings and trees, but no
lives were lost.
? Key West is oue of the most peculiar
cities in the world. She has a popula?
tion of more than 15,000, principally
whites, but has no chimneys, no show
windows, no brick blocks, no fine build?
ings, no planing mills, no steam mills,
no machine shops, no farmers driving in
with loaded teams, no country roads, no
railroads, no rattle of machinery, no
noise of any kind, except the beating of
tbe waves against her coral bound shores,
and yet she does an immense shipping
and manufacturing business for her size.
What is lutolerance ?
Editor INTELLIGENCER: Your arti?
cle of Dec. 13th on the Theological
Seminary in Columbia, to which Mr.
Smyth, of Pelzer, refers in your issue of
January 1st, was taken, as I supposed,
from the Columbia Register, from which
copies were taken by many other papers
throughout the country. Nothing
prejudicial to either the friends or op?
ponents of Dr. Woodrow was said in
that article, or in your abstract of it,
as far as appeared to me.
But wheu Mr. Smyth says: "As we
all know it has been impossible to check
the spirit of intolerance," he classifies
his co-Preebyters who sat with him as
his peers in the late Synod at Greenville.
It is not desirable, on many accounts,
to protract this discussion at present;
but it would be a pity if your readers
should infer from the above statement
that part of that Synod was tolerant and
a part intolerant. It was a perfectly
open and free discussion. I have never
listened to a discussion in which all tbe
courtesiies of public debate were so finely
observed, or one so free from parliamen?
tary trick or maneuvre. Dr. Woodrow
himself most admirably exemplified tbe
courtesy and eloquence of the occasion.
There was tolerance all round nud
through the house. Dr. Woodrow was
requested to select his own hours for
speaking, and as many hours as he might
desire. He availed himself of that
privilege, and wisely selected the last
that were to close the debate, and spoke
seven hours. The Synod listened with
profound and respectful attention,
without any interruption, except, politely
to ask a question, which Dr. Woodrow
had solicited of all the members. It
! was avowed as many times as there was
I any reason in it bat Synod was not, and
would not, sit in judgment upon Dr.
Woodrow's opinion, then under question,
as a theological heresy. Every precaution
was observed to keep intact bis reputa?
tion as a Piesbyterian Minister and
Doctor of Divinity; and when the con?
clusion of tbe debate was reached, it was
as mild an expression of the Synod's dis?
approbation of his supposed uew teach?
ing as was possible to tbe English lan?
guage, without s?, ig nothing. Even
after this, a complimentary resolution
passed the house unanimously, in most
courteous and affectionate terms express?
ing to Dr. Woodrow the admiration of
bis brethren. If there was any intoler?
ance in all this?any in a vote of disap?
proval of a certain form of instruction
in our own Seminary?any in having
honest convictions and kindly expresss
ing them?expressing them in behalf of
the Institution we are pledged to protect,
then we must turn about and ask what
is intolerance?
It is, we think, common to men and'
may be either: A bigoted fixity of re?
ligious men that will not endure the opin?
ions of scientific men, or a bigoted fixity
of scientific men that will not endure the
opinions of religious meo. Religion
may be intolerant of science, and science
may be intolerant of religion. May
science claim to push her demands over
into the region of theology, intolerant of
any doctrine that may stand in her way,
and the Church be denied tbe privilege
of defending her citadel ? Is it tolera?
tion in science to demand of theologians
the control of a text of Scripture by
the introduction of one of her theories?
And intolerance in theologians to demur
to that demand ? is it intolerance to be
seriously convinced that a scientific
theory is hostile to a religious doctrine
and to say so? And, if this conviction
ia the result of ignorance, how does it
happen that this spirit of intolerance
could not be checked in fair and open
debate?
It is a sort of tacit verdict of the
world that intolerance is an attribute of
tbe ignorant party, and the Church has
been assigned her position iu that party.
Hence her opposition to any new idea
has been styled 11 odium theologicum /"
and hence, also, many of her friends
have imperceptibly slid in their aympa*
tbie3 over to'the party that Beems to be
honored with literary favor. If it be
true that a great many of the friends of
the Church have allowed their sympas
thies to go over to the side of scientific
theories, at the expense of their loyalty
to souud doctrine, it is a proof that the
Church.has been very tolerant, too tol?
erant; and the late expression of her
convictions through the Synods has not
been trio soon. Her toleration of the
advance of new philosophical opinions
within her pale during the last 50 years,
in other forms beside that of evolution,
has been an expensive toleration ; and to
wake up now to a recognition of tbe fact
is not only not intolerant, but she would
be recreant to her trust if she were not
as faithful as that.
Tbe cry evermore is that we are fight?
ing evolution, and that tbe Church is
intolerant of free inquiry and scientific
research. The truth is, that the Church
is in auch complete sympathy with
science in all her findings, that she is
almost ready to endorse theories that
have not yet been demonstrated; and to
give them encouragement has already
allowed a vernacular creed to grow up
among her members in the place of por?
tions of her written creed, that are now
regarded as almost obsolete. Whether
this be wise, or not it demonstrates that
tbe Church is extremely tolerant of
scientific progress. That the church has
incurred tho "stain" and reproach of intol?
erance by the late movement depends
upon the standpoint whence that judg?
ment, ifi pronounced. If popular opinion
pronounces that the Church has incurred
a stain, there is a higher judgment; and
we think, it will, ere long, prove to be
the honor of the Southern Presbyterian
Church to have incured that reproach.
D. E. F.
Tobacco Raising in Sontli Carolina.
"Richland," the wide awake Columbia
correspondent of the Augusta Chronicle
nnd Constitutionalist, communicates to
that paper the intelligence that "a num?
ber of farmers in the upper part of the
State will experiment this year in tobac?
co culture. They believe that they have
lands admirably adapted to this crop,
and will test it fully under the direction
of men thoroughly informed in all mat?
ters relating to this crop. Col. T. J.'
'Moore of Spartanburg County, one of the
most prosperous and progressive farmers
of the up-country, will plant fifty acres
and cultivate the crop under instructions
from a Virginian of long experience. If
the experiments are successful, tobacco
will be planted largely in that section in
1886."
The Midland KniIro.nl.
Nothing-published in the News for a
long time has aroused as much interest
in this city as the announcement of the
arrival of Mayor Courtenay, of Charles?
ton, and the meeting of the directors of
the Greenville and Laurens Railroad.
The people generally felt tbat they were
at last face to face with a question of
vital importance to the city and tbat the
time and circumstances demanded the
most earnest and careful consideration.
The railroad question was the leading
one everywhere, and those who favor the
union of the Greenville and Laurens
with the Georgia Central and those who
favor combination with the Midland dis?
cussed the advantages and disadvantages
of the respective plans with absence of
heat and prejudice, and proved the gen?
eral disposition to be guided only by the
best possible judgment.
The great preponderance of sentiment
eeems to be in favor of tbe Midland con?
nection, but the minority is strong and
able. Very few, however, dissented
from tbe opinion tbat if any assurance
can be given by the Midland of an ex?
tension over the mountains it will be to
Greenville's interest to back it with all
she can command.
Capt. Courtenay met the directors of
the Greenville and Laurens and a num?
ber of prominent citizens at the office of
Isaac M. Bryan at half-past 10 o'clock
yesterday, Alex. McBee, Hamlin Beattie,
Wm. Wilkins and Mayor Townes being
among those present beside the directors.
There was an informal conference last?
ing an hour and a half, during which
views were interchanged and questions
naked and answered on all sides. The
twelve directors then met at tbe office of
T. Q. Donaldson, adjourned, after a ses?
sion of two hours, until the evening, and
met again at 7 o'clock, remaining until
10. The policy of the road for the imme?
diate future was discussed carefully and
elaborately, Capt. Courtenay being again
present by invitation.
The following resolution was finally
adopted:
"Resolved, That this Board has. heard
with great interest and satisfaction the
statement of Mayor Courtenay as to the
intention, scope and possibilities of the
proposed Midland Railroad company, and
that we concur in tbe opinion that it is
to the interest of the counties of Laurens
and Greenville, aud tbe city of Green?
ville, tbat the Greenville and Laurens
railroad line, now graded, be made a part
of the Midland railroad, on equitable
terms, when that company is organized
and a sufficient amount of stock subscribed
to assure tbe success of the enterprise;
the terms and conditions of such consoli?
dation to be agreed upon hereafter, and
that the interests of tbe present status of
this company demand prompt action on
the part of the corporators of the Midland
railroad.
"That a certified copy of these resolu?
tions be banded by the secretary to Mr.
Courtenay."
It is understood that this action is sat
isfactory to Capt. Courtenay as the rep?
resentative of tbe corporators of the Mid
lane Road. His visit here was for the
purpose of obtaining a basis on which to
wor'i and that is seen red by the resolu?
tion. It is stated that the road was orig?
inally projected by thinking men whose
atfention was attracted by tbe phenome?
nally low price of steel rail and other
railroad material and supplies. They
concluded that now is the time to build
a road from Charleston to tbe interior if
euch a road ever is to be. The purpose
is to form an alliance between Charleston
Hind the upper Counties and to build the
road in tbe quickest possible time between
Greenville and Columbia, with the ulti?
mate purpose of further alliances to ex?
tend to Asheville. It is estimated that
the road from Greenville to Columbia
can be built for $1,000,000 or $1,100,000
and can be completed within six months.
From Columbia to Charleston there are
two river lines, with either or both of
which satisfactory traffic arrangements
can be made.
The success or failure of the road is
now practically left with Charleston. . If
she sufficiently supplements what can
be given and subscribed in the upper
Counties there is nothing in the way of
success. Mayor Courtenay seems to be
confident tbat with the assurancee of
liberal support iu this section there will
be little difficulty in obtaining what is
needed from below.?Qrcenville Newa.
A Lesson for Charleston.
Tbe Mason cotton harvester and gin
have stood tbe test and trial and exami?
nations which leave little doubt of their
universal adoption. Nothing bo impor?
tant to agriculture has occurred since the
invention of the McCormick reaper. The
two machines, the picker and tbe gin,
will revolutionise cotton culture, and
will have a very important bearing ou
the race question in the Southern States.
There is another consideration which
should not be lost sight of. When Mr.
McCormick, who was at the time living
in Rockbridge County, Virginia, had
perfected his invention he deemed it ex?
pedient to establish the works for its
manufacture in Chicago, where be and
other members of his family went to re?
side. In the then condition of things,
and looking to tbe fields in which his
reapers were chiefly to operate, he doubt?
less decided wisely for bis own interest.
But, think for a moment what it would
have been worth to Richmond, and to
Virginia, if he had chosen this city in?
stead of Chicago for his workshops,
These shops uow occupy twenty-four
acres, and give employment to more
than 1,600 men. They turned out last
year 54,841 machines, and during the
thirty-six years that the inventor lived,
from the time of his removal from Vir?
ginia, they were tbe means of building
up a fortune for him of over $20,000,000.
What tbey have brought to Chicago in
the meantime it would not be easy to
estimate. Now the idea we wish to sug?
gest to Mr. Mason and his friends is that,
while he ha3 done something of immense
value to the South by bis inventions, he
may enhance that value materially by J
taking care that the profits of making
his machines shall also enure to the
South. It will not be difficult for him to
find a favored location for both manu?
facture and distribution, and if we do
not much over-estimate the demand there
will be for both bis harvester and gin,
there are a number of places that would
give a handsome bonus for the establish?
ment of the works.?Richmond, Fa., In?
dustrial South.
Big One Horse Fanning.
Mr. William M. Walker, who cultivat?
ed a one horse farm the past season, about
a mile West of Yorkville, sent Commiss?
ioner Butler the following statement of
his expenses and receipts :
18 acres in cotton yielded 7,209 pounds
of lint, which brought him $671.01 ; 480
bushels cotton seed at ISA cents, $88.S0 ;
10 acres in oats, 600 bushels, at 60 cents,
$360; 5 acres in corn, 200 busbelsr at 75
cents, $150; 1,500 bundles of fodder, at
$1.50 cents per hundred, $22.50; 4 acres
iu wheat, 44 bushels, at 90 cents, $39.60
cents. Total receipts $1,302.51.
Paid for 1,000- bushels cotton seed, at
15c., $150; 2 tons acid phosphate, at
$18.50, $37 ; hire aud hoard of one regu?
lar hand $180 ; extra labor $75 ; for use
of horse and feed $100; for picking cot?
ton $108,93 ; blacksmithing $10. Total
expenses $660.93. Net profit S671.5S.
The cotton seed was broadcasted on
stubble land and turned under last De?
cember with a two horse plow. The
acid was put in at planting time. Ordi?
nary cultivation. _
? We regret to learn that Mr. E. R.
Horton, of Liberty Station, while hand?
ling a pistol two or three days ago, acci
dently discharged it, shooting off two
fingers aud slightly wounding himself in
the thigh. We hope bis wounds may
not be serious.?Pic/tm* Sentinel.
Enforcing: Agricultural Liens,
The ibllowiug is the test of au Act
passed at the recent session of our Legis?
lature amending the Lien Law. The
Act explains itself, and is as follows :
An Act authorizing Trial Justices to
issue warrants for the enforcement of
Agricultural Liens in certain cases.
Section 1. That when any person
shall have made advances for agricultu?
ral purposes and shall have hecured a
Lien .upon the crop or crops of the person
to whom such advances may be made,
according to the provisions of law relat?
ing to agricultural Liens, and the amount
of such advances do not exceed one hun?
dred dollars, it shall be lawful for any
Trial Justice of tbe County in which
such Lien is indexed, upon the produc?
tion of said Lien, and proofs required in
cases where Clerks of the Court may
issue warrants, to issue his warrant direct?
ed to a Constable or the Sheriff of the
County, requiring him to seize said crop
or crops, and after due notice sell the
same for cash and apply the net proceeds
thereof, or so much thereof as may be
necessary, in extinguishment of said
Lien; Provided, that if the person to
whom such advances have been made
shall give notice in writing within ten
days after such seizure, accompanied
with an affidavit to the effect that tbe
amount claimed is not justly due, then
the Trial Justice issuing tbe warrant
shall, at the expiration of twenty days,
decide an issue which shall be made up,
in which the person who may have made
auch advances shall be the actor.
Sec. 2. That every landlord leasing
lands for agricultural purposes shall have
the right to enforce his Lien for rent in
tbe same manner, upon tbe same condi?
tions and subject to the same restrictions
as are herein provided for persons mak?
ing advances for agricultural purposes.
Sec. 3. That this Act shall not be so
construed as to prevent Clerks of tbe
Court of tbe several Counties of the State
from issuing warrants to enforce agricul?
tural Liens in all cases now provided for
by law.
Maine's New Ambition.
Washington, January 3.?It is but
natural that great curiosity should be
manifested respecting Mr. Blaine's occu?
pations, aspirations, hopes and doings
while domiciled at the national capital,
as well as the underlying motives for the
abandonment of bia Augusta borne and
reoccupation of Washington,
But two months remain of President
Arthur's term, aud it will be Mr. Blaine's
particular pleasure to make these brief
eight weeks as uncomfortable as possible
to bis administration. He will scheme
for the rejection of the Spanish, Mexican
and Nicaragua treaties, not only because
their underlying policy is repellant to
that advanced by bim while Secretary of
State, but because he is avsrse to the
aggraudizement of any glory which may
possibly attach to their consummation
through the efforts of the President and
Secretary Frelinghuysen.
Tbe possible election of President
Arthur to the Senate as the successor of
Senator Lapbam is a very disagreeable
reflection to Mr. Blaine. Re had un?
doubtedly builded upon the hope that
the ides of March would chronicle the
permauent retirement of President Ar?
thur from public life, at least for many
years to come, and that tbe Arthur dy?
nasty would pass into the intangible as a
necessary sequence to his deprivation of
power. Meantime, should nothing more
favorable preseut, he would be returned
to the Senate from the "Dirigo" State,
to succeed Mr. Hale, whose term expires
in 1887, in the very middle of President
Cleveland's official life.
Mr. Blaine permitted Mr. Hale's elec?
tion to the Senate to succeed Hannibal
Hamlin, and opened the Senate gateway
to Mr. Frye, who succeeded him when he
resigurd to accept the portfolio of State
uuder the Garfieid administration. These
two Senators, however, have from time to
time displayed a disposition to declare
their independence of Mr. Blaine; but
as the lion is stronger than the whelps,
it is quite likely the king of tbe Maine
forest will reach out his strong paw next
year and place it upon the first senator
ship within his grasp. It is a fallacy to
suppose that a man cf Mr. Blaine's tem?
perament can content himself in a
private station, for, while that may have
been tbe Roman post of houor, Mr.
Blaine has too many irons in the fire and
too large a supply of recoupments to
permit political emasculation in the
prime of his years.
Helping General Grant.
New York, January 2.?Mr. George
W. Childs, on his arrival in this city, had
a long conference with General Grant
relative to the $100,000 fund which a
number of the general's rich friends are
raising to clear off his indebtedness to
William H. Yanderbilt for the big loan
that was swallowed up in the Grant &
Ward failure. It is now known that the
whole amount necessary to meet the
claim of which Mr. Yanderbilt himself
voluntarily knocked off $60,000, has al?
ready been practically pledged. All that
now remains is to arrange matters so that
in case the courts decide that General
Grant was a regular partner in the de?
funct firm, the other creditors will not
be able to levy on tbe war relics and real
estate. It was to effect this protective
measure that Mr. Childs spent all bis
labors. The committee who have charge
of the subscription propose to pay Mr.
Vanderbilt $100,000, but instead of giv?
ing General Grant a quit claim the
securities will be held by themes a sort
of trust fund during General Grant's
lifetime. The $250,000 annuity fund
that George Jones, of the New York
Times, raised is administered in this way,
and cannot be touched by any creditors
or claimants.
General Grant weut out of doors on
Widnesday for the first time in many
days. He visited a friend at the Fifth
avenue hotel, and hobbled to his room on
crutches. Hia face looked pale and care?
worn, and he appeared depressed. The
movement for raising ?100,000 to relieve
General Grant from' the mortgage
liability has taken practical abape. Mr.
Cyrus W. Field received to-day from D.
B. Wesson, of Smith & Wesson, Spring?
field, Mass., a check for $1,000 as bis
contribution toward the fund being raised
for the relief of General Grant.
Washington, January 2.?A promi?
nent government official says that when
in New York a few days ago, he li-.arned
that five physicians had been cabed in
consultation to examine the state of
General Grant's health, and had arrived
at tbe conolusion that the General was at
present completely broken down physi?
cally, and he required absolute rest.
Is Wilkes Booth Dead 1
The Globe Publishing Company of
Washington, D. C, have in press a small
volume giving a history of the assassina?
tion of Lincoln and of tbe relations of
many distinguished persons to that event
and to Booth. Much of the book is
designed to show that Booth still lives,
and that the reward of SI 00,000 proffered
by Stanton enabled Booth to escape. In
other words, the man whom Booth hired
to accompany Harold from the bridge
over the Fast Branch, and who wa3 killed
in the barn near the Rappahannock, was
never seen or identified, except by those
who shared among themselves the $100,
000. The writer of the volume insists
that Booth is now with El Mahdi, as
shown by extracts from letters from the
Soudan recently published in the London
Times.
? The new Kimball House in Atlanta
will be opened on January 10. About
three hundred rooms will be ready for
guests. I
A Sad Warning. *
Mr. Benjamin T. Moore, a young man.
who had been employed in the city as a
dry goods clerk, died about half-past 2
p. m. yesterday, of mania-a-polu, in the
24th year of his age. Mr. Moore was a
victim of excessive alcoholic indulgence.
Tuesday evening, the 23d instant, he left
the store of Mimnaugh & Co., where he
was employed, went to his room at the
Central House and there remained until
about 2 o'clock last Saturday morning,
when he jumped from his window on the
second floor, while suffering wi th delirium
tremens. He received no injury from his
leap. Mr. Coleman, the County Jailer
and brother in-law of deceased, took Mr.
Moore to the Jailer's apartments and
summoned a physician on Sunday morn?
ing, who did all that was possible for the
! relief of the young man, but without
avail, as he began sinking Monday night.
Mr. Moore was at one time the most
reliable salesman in the employ of Mim?
naugh & Co., and was entrusted with the
business of the Chester house during the
absence of the head of the firm, but his
unfortunate love of strong drink bore
him down. The deceased was a son of
Dr. Benjamin Moore, a resident of Co?
lumbia many years ago.? Columbia Reg?
ister, December 31.
Cleveland and Hurt!.
Albany, N. Y., January 2.?Gover
. nor Cleveland said last night to an asso?
ciated press reporter, that the statement
made by Mr. Hurd, at Cincinnati, that
he was president of a free trade club, was
not true. The governor further states
that be bad never been connected in any
way with any such organization.
Toledo, 0., January 2.?In relation
to the circulated report as to an assertion
made by him in reference to the connec?
tion of Governor Cleveland with a free
trade club, Hon. F. H. Hurd says that
be had a private conversation in a pri?
vate room with a few friends in Cincin?
nati, in which the policy of the new ad?
ministration as to the tariff reform was
discussed. In that conversation Mr.
Hurd said he thought Governor Cleve?
land would be found in sympathy with
the views of the majority of the Demo?
cratic party on that point. As a circum?
stance he stated that he had been in?
formed by a prominent citizen of Buffalo
that the organization of the free trade
club in that city took place in the office
of the law firm of which Governor
Cleveland was a member. Mr. Hurd
never intended to be understood as say?
ing that Governor Cleveland was then
connected with a free trade organization,
as be had no information upon the sub?
ject from that gentleman, nor from any?
one, except as herein stated. The con?
versation was supposed to be a purely
private one among a party of gentlemen.
South Carolina's Yote.
Columbia, January 5.?A rumor ran
about this evening that Mr. B. H. Rut
ledge, Jr., the electoral messenger of the
State, bad telegraphed from Washington
for his credentials, and that on account
of his not having them the electoral vote
of the State could not be delivered in
accordance with law. It was ascertained
that Mr. Rutledge did telegraph on Sat?
urday to Senator Hampton, who was t'ien
in Columbia, asking that credentials be
forwarded him. Senator Hampton left
for Washington that evening.
A duplicate return of the electoral vote
must be delivered by the messenger to
the President of the Senate by the first
Wednesday in January, the 7th instant,
and credentials are necessary to their
proper delivery by the messenger.
In the absence of other information it
is believed that the electoral board forgot
to make the credentials. As they must
be signed by a majority of the member of
the board it seems impossible to have
them out and presented in Washington
by Wednesday.
The law prescribes that of the returns
sent by messenger be not delivered to
the President of the Senate by the time
prescribed he is required to procure from
the United States Judge of the District
in which the electors met the duplicate
copy furnished him by the electors. The
vote of tbe State will be counted, but it
may. have to be accomplished by this
round about method.
? Somebody manufactured a story re?
cently to the effect that an iron box con?
taining $47,000 in Spanish coins had been
found by parlies digging on an island in
the Susnuehanna River, near Danville,
Pa. A dispatch from the latter point
says: "Imagine the surprise of the peo?
ple here a a few days ago on the arrival
of two well-to do looking men from Philp ?
delpbia, who called to establish a claim
to the property. They represented that
their great-grandparents, while traveling
down the Susquehanna in 1749, were at?
tacked near the island where the box
was said to have been discovered by In?
dians; that the white people were mur?
dered and the box of coin carried on tbe
island, They were laughed at, and told
that the story was only a hoax. This
they would not believe, and employed a
lawyer to secure to them their rights.
They were finally convinced of the folly
of their errand, and gladly got out of
town."
? Christmas Day, two boys?Eobert
H. Brown, the son of Frank Brown, de
ceased, and Joseph R. Brown^ the son of
Willis J. Brown?near Zoar, in Concord
Township, got into a playful scuffle in
Mr. Willis Brown's dining-room just as
some of the family were about sitting
down to dinner. Before the scuffle com?
menced, Joseph bad an open knifein his
hand, aud he continued holding it, when
one noticing it, and thiuking he might
hurt himself, told him to put it up. Just
then, and before he could shut the
knife, he stumbled backward and fell,
with the open knife pointing upward,
and Robert, falling on him, was fatally
stabbed and died in a few moments. The
Coroner's jury found a verdict in accord?
ance with the above.? Watch man and
Southron.
? Speaker Carlisle's friends declare
that he has never had any ambition for a
place in Cleveland's cabinet, and that
the only political honor he has in view
is tbe speakership of the next house, for
which he is already a pronounced candi?
date. It is also said that Carlisle will be
put forward for the first vacancy that
shall occur on the Supreme Court and
that his dream is to become chief J ustice.
? John Lowder, of Ottawa, Canada,
while on his dying bed last week con?
fessed having committed a murder for
which his son was hanged two years ago.
? The building fund of the African
Methodist Church at Grand Rapids,
Mich., was lo3t at faro by two of t'ae trus?
tees.
? Gladstone must have seven and one
half hours sleep every night-r-seven
without that extra thirty minutes won't
do, he says.
? Mrs. Tom Thumb has abandoned
her attempted show business in disgust.
She drew the line on a loss of $1,100, and
went home a sadder and wiser little
widow.
O. E. PBIKCE. J- K. VAKDIVER.
PRINCE & YANDIYER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
ANDERSON, - - S, ?.
OFFICE?On Whitner Street, over Book
Store of G, W. Fant & Son, oppo?
site Auditor's Office.
Jan 8,1885_2G_3m
Dangerous Bridge.
THE County Commissioners hereby no?
tifies the public of the dangerous
condition of Dunham's Bridge over Saluda
River. JOSHUA JAMESON,
A. 0. XOKKI3,
W. J. ROBINS,
Commissioners Anderson County.
Jan 8,1885 2a 1
SHINGLES.
LH
Q2
ANOTHER County beard from
and BARTON still ahead in the
Lumber Business.
All parties who contemplate
buildin;; this year will rind it to
their interest to see ine before ma?
king any trades for their Lumber.
I Shingles, Brick. Dressing, Dray
j ing, &c. / can save you money !
All orders promptly filled.
Satisfaction guaranteed.
Call and see me at Blue Ridge
I Yard.
JAS. E.. BARTON.
I -gNiAVHapuBgNissaua
Jan 8. 1885 20 3m
riTHE undersigned has removed his Of
X fice to the residence of John N.
Sutherland, j?sq., in the Town of Belton,
where he can always be found when not
professionalis engaged.
J. C. HARRIS, M. D.
Jan 8, 188-1_20_4?
NOTICE FINAL SETTLEMENT.
The undersigned, Administrator of
the Estate o ' Wm, Smith, deceased, here?
by gives no :ice that he will apply to the
Judge of Probate for Anderson County, on
10th day of February, 1885, for a Final Set?
tlement of said Estate and discharge from
bis office as Administrator.
M. G. SMITH, Adm'r.
Jan 8,1835_26_5_
MONEY TO LEND,
IN SUMS OF
Five Hundred Dollars
AND upwards, on improved Farming
Lands for five years. Interest is 10
per cent, and no commissions charged.
Borrower p*ys for expenses of making
necessary papers. Loans made for five,
years, with ti e privilege of paying in instal?
ments, or in one payment to suit borrower.
For particulars, apply to
FRANK. C. WHITNER.
Anderson, S. C, or
JNO. B. PALMER & SON,
Columbia, S. C.
Jan 8, 1885_26_-4_
EXECUTOR'S SALE.
-o
WE will :*ell to the highest bidder on?
SALESDAY IN FEBRUARY"
next, all tin; property of M. D. Kennedy,
deceased, in the late Firm of Kennedy tfc
Mclntyre, consisting of?
GROCERIES,
SHOES.
NOTIONS, Etc.
All persons having demands against the
late Firm are requested to present the .same,
duly attested, within the time prescribed by
law, and all persons indebted to said Firm
will pay up at once to the surviving part?
ner. JOHN McGRATH,
hi. KENNEDY,
Ex'rs. Est. M. D. Kennedy, decM.
Jan 8,1885_26_? 4
Notice to Trespassers.
ALL persons are hereby warned not to
hunt, fish, ride over, or allow their
stock to trespass upon the lands of the un?
dersigned. Anyone disregarding this no?
tice will be prosecuted at law.
J. W. BOWIE,
J. M. CAMPBELL,
T. A. STEVENSON,
J. W. STEVENSON?
C. M. SEERARD,
J. W. SHERARD,
D. J. SHERARD.
J. J. McCURRY,
WM. HAMILTON.
Jan 8, 1885 _26_1*
Notice to Trespassers.
ALL perso as are hereby notified not to
hunt, fish or otherwise trespass on
the lands of the undersigned, Any person
or persons disregarding this notice will be
prosecuted at law.
MRS. MARGARET CARLISLE,
J. B. SIMPSON,
H. H. ACKER,
MRS. F. A. BELLOTTE.
Jan 8,1885_26_1?
Dissolution of Partnership.
THE Firm heretofore existing under the
firm.name of Maxwell & Sloan was
dissolved by mutual consent On- the 16th
day of August, 1884. All persons indebted ;
to the Firm are hereby notified to call atrd
settle with J. D. Maxwell before the first
day of February, as the Accounts will be
{ilaced in the hands of an Officer of the.
aw for collection after that date.
J. D. MAXWELL,
T. D. SLOAN.
Jan 8,1835 _26_3__
REPORT OF THE CONDITION
National Bank of Anderson,
AT Anderson, in the State of South Carolina, at
the close of business December, 20th 1S84:
RESOURCES.
Loans and Discounts.8108,536 92
Overdrafts. 157 40
U. S. Rands to s ware Circulation. 50.000 00
Other stocks, bends and mortgages. 2G,90O 00
Due from approved reserve agents........ 70,146 32
? Due from other National Banks. 22,859 8S
Real Estate, Furniture and Fixtures. 10,000 00
Current Expenses and Taxes paid. 2,761 14
Premiums paid. 5,000 00
Bills of other Hanks. 12,919 00
Fractional paper currency, nickels, pen?
nies-. SO 93
Specie. 13,891 25
Legal Tender Notes. 3,046 00
Redemption Fund with U. S. Treasurer,
(5 pei cent of circulation,). 2,250 00
Total.$328,554 84
LIABILITIES.
Capital Stock pi.!d in.S 50,000 00
Surplus Fund.~. 50,000 00
Undivided Profits. 42,948 20
National Bank is'otes outstanding. 41,100 00
Dividends uppaid. 45 00
Individual Deposits subject tocheck. 122,393 72
Demand Certific iitea of Deposit. 22,067 92
Total.?328,554 84
STATE OF SO UTH CAROLINA, I
COUNTY of AKDEBSOJf. /
I, J. A. Brock, Cashier of the above named
Bank, do solemn ly swear that the above statement
is true, to the best of my knowledge and belief.
J. A. BKOCK, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this Srd
day of January, 1885.
WM. S. BROWN, Notary Public.
Correct?Attest
c4eo. w. Fist, i
Joskpu N Bbowj*, {-Directors.
S. Blkcki.lv, J
Jan 8,1385_26_1_
CLERK'S CASH REPORT.
Sta':e ok South Carolina,
Anoebson Countt.
in the Common Pleas, 1st day January, 1SS5..
RECEIVED of John W. Daniels, retiring
Clerk, drafts for four thousand seven
hundred alid ninty-six 50-100 dollars, on
account of the distributive shares, and of
the costs, heirs, devises, etc., in the follow
ing causes, est? tea, ifcc, to wit:
Estate of D. Richardson.S 124 23
Matthew Breazeale vs. D.
K. Breazeale. 20 20
Harden Brock. 38 25.
E. 13. Benson. 23 62.
Thomas Bonnet. 293 90.
Isaac and Susan Cannon. 60 IS
Wm. Durham. 1134
Jan.jO. Gordon. 189 23
Rocert Giles. 202 5S
Dr, O. L. Gaillard.....".. 1 00
S. J. Hammond. 2)50 95
Chas. Haynie. 340 24
P. S. Johnson. 168 00
Archibald Keaton. 7!) 78
John S. Lawton. 113 35
Thomas Leverett. 34 62
Willis McGee. 123 35
Thomas Milford. 20 20.
Wm. Mulliken. 71 15.
J. Ei McClurc. SO 84
Alley Mattisou. 88 84
J. S. & N. Mujors. 44 90>
Thomas Orr. 192 84
JaUiCs Orr. 84 31
S. & E. Pepper. 164 80
Rev. A. W. Ross. 4 74
W. L. Smith. 11 5?
B. F. Sloan. 37 87
San.'l Smith. 24 91
Kelly Sullivan. 327 0G
Jdhn B. Sloan. 89 01
Isaac Timms. 200 11
Mary Todd. 529 09
L. A. Williams. 17 00
H. 13. Wardlaw. 35S 40
J N. Whittakcr vs. E. G.
Brown. 64 01
Webb vs. G uy ton. 50
Wilson vs. Robinson. 50 00
Wm. R?dgens. 200 42
Sarah Pepper. 34 95
. $4,790 50
M. P. TRIBBLE, C. C. P.
January 1,1.885. 26-1

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