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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, January 08, 1885, Image 1

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BY E. B. MURRAY & CO. _ ANDERSON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1885. VOLUME XX -NO. 2?
ALWAYS
GO TO HEADQUARTERS
iron
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PERFUMERY,
Extracts, Patent Medicines,
DYK STXTIviFS, &c.
A FULL Hue of Paints, Varnishes,
Combs, Brushes, Hair Oils, Bay
Rum, Toilet Articles, Perfumery,
Face Powders, Fino Toilet Soaps,
Tooth Powders, Tooth Brushes, La
dies' Hand Mirrors, Razors. Shaviug
Setts, Trusses, Shoulder Braces, Sup
porters, ?fcc.
Puro, High Toned Flavoring Extracta,
Bakiug Powders and Soda, Pepper,
AlUpice, Ginger, and Finest Teas in
the market. Cigars oud Tobacco.
Best Cool Oil Lamps and Lamp
Goods, and every variety of choice
Goods and necessary articles usually
kept in First Class Drug Stores and
used in families.
PATENT MEDICINES, all the
Standard and Reliable ones kept in j J
stock. The sweetest and most deli
cate Perfumes and Odors, and a full
line of Colognes and Toilet Water
always in stock.
Chapped hands, faoe and lips are
very prevalent at this season of the
year, and nothing will cure and pre
vent this annoying af?ietion eo effectu
al j as a box of Camphor Ice, Cosma
line, or some of our puro Glycerine.
FANCY GOODS and Sundries,
and a thousand and oue other arti
cles of general uso may bc found iu
our completo stock.
$?- Oblige us by giving us a call, and
you will be surprised at our LOW
PRICES and superior quality of our
GoodB.
With tho compliments of the Se' wc ore yours, dbe.,
WILHITE lt WILHITE.
Jan 8,1885
35 Dozen
" NIMROD" AXES
SO,OOOTbs.
STEEL PLOWS
loo
PLOW STOCKS
TO BE SOLD AT BOTTOM ?BICES.
POCKET CUTLERY,
In Groat Variety.
TABLE CUTLERY,
Of all Grades.
BUY OUR "BOSS" HAND SAW?
Fully Warranted and sold for $1.50.
?i, .,..,.PI..-.P-Q?I ? ? i
GUNS, AMMUNITION AND GUN IMPLEMEN1S.
HARDWARE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
-~ O'
e~ Call on us. Try. US, and you will always be pleased.
'SULLIVAN & BBO.,
iook for tlx? tito SXQON of tlxe CIBOULAB ?A.W.
Deo 18,188* . . * 23 , | . - | , j
GOODS WERE NEVER SO LOW.
fact We are prepared to Prove to .our Friends and
Customers who may favor us with a o?sU/
wrB are now receiving the largest and most anally selected Stock of General Mer
VY chandu* which we have ever purchased, ?nd wi make it to your Interest to
.ll and examine foryourselves. We hive added to the lines usually kept by us many
??sw and desirable ones, embraoiag
les' Dress Goods, Flannels, Suitings, Shawls, &o.f
And the bett C0I*SEtf on the market at 80c., worth $1.00. Also, a. .
L AEGIS L?NE OF BEADY MADE CLOTfflHG,
HATS, TRUNKS, UMBRELLAS,
BLANKETS, SADDLES and HARNESS.'
Also, the Celebrated "NEW GLOBE" SHIRT^rthe king of all Shirt?. Is needs
?nly to. bo worn to be appreciated. ,
Weare ogeots for the Celebrated Mlshawake Sulky Plews, Cultivators and Hand
ming Plows. " ? '
. The'"WhIte Hickory" ard "Hickman" ono and two-horse WAGONS, every on? of
?men we guarantee..
The attentionofGlnnsrs and Farmers ia wiled to our-:
CO?TON SEED AND GRAI?T CR1TSHKR,
?y which yon rancrash yoOr Co^n Seed and make your P
, Get our pr?tes on Plantation and Oin House Scales. Cotton Gina, Feeders and Con- ]
Sensors and Gen eral Farm Machinery.
Wearoetalltimeain theCotton'Merket,and w?jdo yon right. We will pay all
Urn who owe ns for Suppl I Ca and Guano an extra pries.
A isrge lot of BAGGING and TIES at lowest prices,
HcOTlstY, CATHCART A CO.
Octjr, l?B ? ? .
THE MANUFACTURING EXEMPTION.
Mr. Beaddny'a Beaton? for F*vTorlnsr a
ltepeal of Ut? Kattuns *.?**..
MK. EDITOR: lu your issue o. Decem
ber 18tb you mention the fact that I
?poke in the House of Representatives in
in favor of repealing the law exempting
factories from taxation. In the article
you express your satisfaction that my
views did not prevail, and you speak of
tbe law aa one highly beneficial to the
State. Whilst the House by an over
whelming vote killed the exemption, yet,
since your article has put me before the
people as opposing a measure of such
benefit to them, I think it but just to
them, as well as to myself, for yon to al
low me to present to them my reason? for
the position I occupied. This is only
what I desire. I have no idea you m.?ant
to provoke a newspaper controversy, nor
do I mean by this communication to do
BO. Perhaps I can best accomplish my
desire by asking you to publish tho
speech referred to and leave the people
to judge the correctness of my position.
H. G. SCUDDAY.
MR. SPEARER: The ingenuity dis
played in the arguments of the friends of
the Exemption Law to-day, is only sur
passed by the ingenuity displayed in 1873,
when its friends succeeded in placing it
upon the Statute Books of this State, in
the face of the express mandates of the
Constitution against it.
Their speeches are as remarkable for
what they do not tell us, as they are for
what they assert. Whilst the climax of
their argument has been that "foreign
capital willaeek Investments in our State,"
vet it is quite remarkable that wc have
not been told on this fioor of a single
Factory in South Carolina that, has been
built by foreign capital. Nor havo we
jco!) shown that enough foreign capital
una been added to borne capital in build
ing factories to justify taking from the
treasury annually such a large sum ol
money th at nh oula remain thereto lighten
the burden of taxation upon the people,
lt has developed here that one foreign
capitalist did put forty thousand dol?an
in one factory, but be did not do it until
lie was given the exclusive right ol
liandllng and putting the goods upon thc
narket when manufactured, with thc
right to retain large commissions for hil
work. He may not have known of tin
jxisting law.
The gentleman who last spoke mad?
ise of one remark that completely shat
ered the force of his speech. He sait
'money is power." Yes, Mr. Speaker
noneyis power, and little does it need tlx
irm of legislation to sustain it. Anotbei
emark of bis made the injustice of th<
iresent law even more glaring than ever
tie said "he favored the exemptiot
lecauBe when factories are built the poo
iy hundreds could get employment." H
ailed to tell UB that the Exemption Lav
aid to the wealthy corporation, with it
nagnificent buildings, you need not pa;
rour tax, and that ft said to those hun
Ireds of poor people who really need aid
ind who furn i y h tho physical labor, with
tut which the factories cr Jd not exist
.on must pay the last farthing of you
ax. My friend could much better sho
ws sympathy for the poor by advocatin
in exemption from taxation for the ope
atives ot factories.
The gentleman from Greenville (Mi
Insel) places himself in an amusing pc
ition by his advocating the Exemptio
jaw. Two sessions ago when he fe!
bat the welfare of the people of thi
itate demanded it, he stood here an
abored zealously for the Railroad Con
niBaion Act, even when he was told thi
ts passage would drive foreij?s cap?ts
rom Railroad enterprise in this Stat
Then it was duty to ignore the claims <
oreign capital in order to protect the ii
erestB of our own people. Now the ii
erests of foreign capitalists seems to on
veigh in importance the Interests of ol
iwn people. Again it is GO ni cw h
.musing to notice how extremely an:
ous be is to benefit the people, even
he expense of violating the terms of tl
Constitution, and yet wheu the opport
lily is offered him by complying wi
ts requirements to benefit the people,
or instance the maintenance of the Sou
karolina College, we find bim opposii
t with a consistency that ls indeed stri
np. I Bhall. notice only one other po!
ifliis before noticing the more importa
Baues of this discussion. Ho favors t
ixemption becauBo be is an advocate
i diversity of industries in South Carn
ia, and thinks it will develop them,
issert that the remedy the gentlem
uggrsia ia worse .(hau the dicen:
iVhenever the. government takes und
ts wing any one department of indus ti
testows upon it favors, which lt den:
o others ol equal merit, or enters lott
ort of partnership with lt, by legislati
o increase the ordinary profita of tl
ndustry, you at once create a govei
nental monopoly aa it were, and desti
he very possibility of a healthy devele
nent and growth on the part of tho ot!
n duo tri cr, that are. denied such tan
ii y position is, that the. surest way to
luce a diversity of industries is Sot
karolina, is to secure the protection
he rights of all, and to show favoriti
ind partiality to none.
Ii', however, Mr. Speaker, this Ho
s determined to violate the principl
lave just announced, and foster any i
lepartment of industry in this State
be strong arro of legislation, let us h
in eye to.the one most meritorious,
is foster tho one that contributes mos
he welfare and support of our St:
This is not a manufacturing State i
se can never hope to make it one.
tao never compete with the maculae!
ng States of New Eogland. It is pui
\a "gr! cultural Stato. Now,
t wouid be but a just recognition of
net, and that the life blood of this S
jomes from that department, for n
ve have any special fa TOTS to ebon
-Ive it cho benefit of them.
The day of the necessity for the exe
ion of factories has long ceased to e
n this State. In 1878, when the
sss enacted, who filled the seats of
Sall? Who occupied th? chair
-raced by yo? f Property In Sooth G
it?, aa well aa personal rights wer
ccpardv. Foreign capital would
iCdk our State. Perhaps it was pt
.hen to enact Such a lav. But, i
nake it ?a the proudest assertion oi
life, that South Carolina has bon
Seemed, regenerated and disenthra
ind now with honest home-rule,
idaptability of our soil to the cultui
?tton, and the thousands of : nat
water powers In our State, are they
In themselves sufficient to Induce cs
hero ? What is lt that developed m
racturiog Industries In North Car
and Georgia? I sat informed they
no so ch law? and jet they. doublo
those enterprises. In fact such Bx
lion Laws are fon nd in very few ol
States of this Union. And where
JO exist, manu fae tu ri ng does not
paco witt, those Sutes that do not
?ucMawa.
??otitoa?rtit?eat in raw fifth
emption Io, that factories when bull
to th? Usable property or tb o Stat
cacases tb? value of adjacent land
affords markets for tho fanners,
may bo true. If so, then U lt ri
dis?r?nlnate feinst railroads. F
eatno reasons they are more entitled to
the exemption. There are ten times
more foreign capital to day in this State
invested in railroads than in factories,
bat I dare say, my friends would not ad
vocato their exemption. It is hero that
the hideous form of protection is seen.
Tho very came principle ?bat arrays the
Democracy of this countty against the
Republican party, and yet, iu the Demo
cratic State of South Carolina, while with
our Hps we aie denouncing the protective
system, we are allowing this law to re
main on our books, which savors of tho
strictest protection. Beautiful consist
ency I
Be tho benefits of the exemption what
they may, there is a question at the bot
tom of this matter, that outweighs all
others in importance. It is tho charac
ter of the means to be used in bringing
about the results. I might accomplish
much good at your County Poor House
with a thousand dollars, by feeding and
clothing the poor-yet thia would not
make it right for me to rob a Bank to get
the money. Can this exemption stand
the test in thc light of tho Constitution
of thia Btnte, which each of us havo
sworn to support? If not, then it is a
Bolemn duty to oppose it, however bene
ficial the results may be. In legislation,
the end can never justify the means.
But, Mr. Speaker, the friends of the
exemption have undertaken to Iguore the
constitutional objection, by saying that
the Legislature is no judicial body, and
that the law now on tho books is for tho
construction of the courts. An ingen
ious evasion, a subterfuge! Not being
able to meet it, they evade it, and here
to-duy we defy them to answer it. Has
the Constitutional objection pnastd be
ond tho consideration of this House?
assert, that when a bill is introduced to
repeal an existing law, the law ia revived
in all its bearings, and its merits nre
brought before tbe House as if it was an
original question. I ara still more sur
prised at some who intimate that we can
with impunity, ignore the Constitution
altogether in this matter. This must
arise from a misapprehension of its char
acter. /Mr. Story tells us, that a Con
stitution is a barrier between the people
end tho o who would usurp power.
That it is a limit fixed, within which
those who exercise the Legislative,
judicial and executive functions of the
government, must operate. We perform
then the highest duty we owe our con
stituency, when we preservo intact the
fundamental law of tue land, and com
ply with the oath;! that are required of us
as members of this House. With this
view of tho Constitution before us, it is
necessary to read only ene or two sec
tions of it to determine our duty. I
call your attention to the imperative
language of Section II, Article 12: 11 Thc
property of corpora!iona now existing or
hereafter created, shall be subject to taxa
tion, except in cases otherwise provided
for in this Constitution." Section V,
Article 9, prescribes what property ia
exempt, viz: such as schools and tbe
property of penal and charitable institu
tions. The Constitution does not exempt
Factories, but on the contrary provides
for an equal and uniform rate of taxation
on a1! other property not exempt.
Can anything be more express or
mandatory than the sectlous quoted ?
Therefore having no authority in the
Constitution for this exemption, are we
to usurp the power to do so? To pre
veut usurpation of power, Section IV,
Article I of the Constitution says : "All
powers not herein delegated remain with
the people." They have never delegated
to us the power to exempt Factories
from taxation, and they alone possess ft.
Until they in the exercise nf their re
terved rights amend the Constitution
allowing thia exemption, I can never
give my vote or influence to the existence
of Mich a law. Mr. Speaker, these are
my views after much serious thought aud
meditation. I am not opposed to Fac
tories, or to the material progress of my
native State. Not that I do not love
them, but that I love a compliance with
my sense of duly to the Constitution
more.- This bill will not effect existing
Factories It is right for the State to
maintain good faith with them. I do
hope it will pass and the Exemption Law
be repealed; The advocates of the ex
emption remind me nf a man trying to
cap a muttering volcano. Sooner or
later it will be/repealed. I firmly believe
that the people will rise in their Indig
nation, and with tbe power they, possess,
will wipe from the Statute Books of this
State this law, which Savors so strongly
of strict protection, and every letter of
Suich. la g!???ug with injustice ana dis
crimination, and which has not the
slightest foundation in tbe Constitution
of this State.
[The exemption was killed in tho
House by an overwhelming vote. The.
oldest and most distinguished Lawyers of
the House, endorsing the Ooo'tilutional
objections raised, voted for its repesl.
In the 8enate it liked one vote of being
repealed.] H. G. S.
Profitable Cotton Batting.
The Atlanta Constitution records the
results of a competitive trial in profitable
cotton raising in Georgia, in which
seventy-five planters participated. A
fertilizer company in the State offered
6800 io gold &e the best yield of cotton
made on ground enriched with their fer
tilizer, and four Jersey bulls for the best
yield produced by .c?cbs. Tbe highest
yield waa 1,846 pounds of lint cotton to
tho aero, or threo and one-half bales of i
150 pounds eaob. The lowest yield was
430 pounds, or a bale to the acre. The
average of tbe seventy-five farmers was
774 pounds, or nearly two bales to the
acre. To secure this, they used an aver
age of 888 pounds of the fertilizer, which
coat $15.54. The cotton brought $69.66,
leaving a net profit of $44.12 to the acre,
the cotton seed nearly paying for the
cultivation. "At a bale to the acre above
the cost of tho fertilizer, any farmer ean
get rich," says the Constitution, and the
seventy-five made more than that aver*
Se. Tbe returns from the Sute show
at on an average three and a half acres
were required to produce a bal?, or seven
acres, under the old method, to secure
what the new method produced from one
acre-a demonstration of the profits of
"Improved farming" which' will not be
lost on the planters of the cotton belt.
Tba corn premiums produced results
equally gratifying. There were sixteen
contestants, and tbe average yield was
eighty .ona bushels to tho acre, the first
?remiom being taken with 116J bushels,
ft? interest in these contesta, and their
success, prove that tho Southern planters
aro "abane": ni og the loose, old plantation
methods, ?nd are beginning to sec the
profit and comfort in small farms well
tilled?' A steady following of this sys
tem will pay thai section better than all
the pol?tica it eve? Indulged io.
- Tho centro of our population hat
for a century moved westward with re
markable regularity, beginning nt a poict
on tho eastern shore of Maryland, aud
roaching one ten mites west of Cincin
nati. It is calculated, however, that pro
gress iu that direction la atopped in con
sequence of the rapldy-growtn o 'many
AtUutlocoaBtciUesandtheadvi/Ajecient
CUKISTHAS cn IM: it.
Tue Ilapplnesa ot tho A rp Family.
Atlanta Constitution.
It ie thc samo old story, hut it ia a good
one. ~"e have passed another milestone
iu tho journey of lifo. Christinas has
como again and now it has gono. How
short these milca aro getting an we near
the end. They used to bo long, very
long, to me. How that, I wonder I They
say that time passe* awiitly when we are
happy, and it is ao, I know, for nu hour
ur a day. but it is not so for a month or a
year. Tho flight of yean is measured by
our nge. Childhood is happy and bright,
and to hnppy children the aun "doe* nev
er riso a wink too BOOH, nor bring too
long a day," but the years seem almost
an age-an ago of pleasure. Time shrinks
up as we grow old. Everything Bhrinks.
Tho trees aro not BO tall nor the hills e"
long and steep. Thc rivers aro not so
wide and the creek? have becomo branch
es. Indeed, the great big world that
used to Btrain our comprehension and
excite our wonder is not much of a planet
now.
On Christ mini night, that is the night
before Christmas, Mrs. Arp and I took
our patriarchal statins in the big arm
chaira by the parlor mantel, and with
patient and sereue digbity prepared our
selves for coming events. Wo let tho
young folkB manago these things now and
ibey givo us no trouble. There was n
goodly gathering of cbildreu nod grand
children aud kith and kindred, and all of
them were arrayed in Sunday garmonts.
and tho little chaps' faces fairly abided
they were BO clean, aud their foud moth
era looked upon them with a visible joy
aud a maternal pride, when all of a
Budden our blue-eyed daughted opened
wide the door and exclaimed : "Old
Santa Claus has come." Merciful good
ness, what a fuss I It looks like a cyclone
had struck in these parts and was ex
ploding right hero in tho parlor. 1 can't
here anything for the tumultuous confu
sion of infantile voices, and tho grown up
ones are no better. Old Santa Claus has
just come into tho room and emptied his
basket, and now the little tin horna are
tooting and the harpa are blowing and
tbo boys aro popping paper caps in little
iron beads fastened to a string, It is all
mixed up with "oh my, oh ?sent it lovely,
bless bis heart. Look at my slippers
well I declare," and the women folks are
showing their handkerchiefs and shawls
and perfumery, and sofort!), and tho men
and boys are taking on over their cuff
buttons and handkerchiefs mid cravata,
and ono boy has got a new gun, and
another a fine book, and another some
thing else, and there are firecrackers by
the peck and ever and anon there in a
grand racket in the front yard, for they
are popping them in a barrel, and hero
they go and there they go, all on the
tramp and everybody talking at once, aud
I think I hear a baby squalling and a
wounded boy a bawling, and now of
course Mrs. Arp is culling, and tho jum
ble is appalling, and amidst it all I nm
still calm and serene, for Cbristmns cornea
but once a year, and let's havo fun and
frolic and good cheer.
But by and by tho program changes
and tbo plays begin and big and little run
round the row ot chairs to aee who will
bo left out When the music stops, lt
i makes tho old house quake when they all
throw themselveH into their seats tumul
tuously, nud ever and anon I hear an old
chair crack and now and then a little
chap gebt run over and rc-'.ires with a
groan, but it is all right I reckon for it is
Christmas, and it is free for all. They
jammed rae up in a corner with my little
table and all I can do is to look on and
feast my BOU? upon their happiness tor it
all carries mo back to the days of my
gushing childhood when I never got tired
of such frolics and loved tho nights that
brought them, when bide and seek was a
glorious joy and the lillie Jack Maring/? ll
a drama ot delight. Oh would I were a
boy again just, now, not for lifo, but just
; now. I would Uko to fcol as I used to
feel when all was bright and gushing and
exultant, and there was no apprehension
I of t.-ouble or griof or dark shadows lo
come. Such thoughts do come and go in
spite of us and they mellow us down and
prepare us to let go our hold upon earth
when our time comes. I thank tho good
Lord for so gently tempering our life that
we become reconciled to the change in
due time. Wbeu we are young and
bouyant it is all right we should ex?
claim :
"The world is very lovely Oh my God,
I thank Thee that I live.
But when we get old it is just as sweet
to sing :
' I would not livo always,
I ask not to eta/."
And now the music has begun and I
am called.to help for they are getting up
a family dance, and Mrs. Arp and 1 al
ways make the music. They let us do
that-we are still useful and it would be
right bard for these young folks to get
along without us. Mrs. Arn's fingers are
still nimble and as gracefully touch tho
ivory keys, as when I first worshiped at
her shrine thirty six years ago ana went
into raptares Over Kathleen Mavoumeen
and ber beautiful hazel eyes-not Kath
leen's eyes, but Mrs. Arp's. And she
I just nearly died over my soft dove like
notes on the flute as I carroled "The
Sweet Vale of Avoca," or "The Irish
Emigrant's Lament."
But now when the young folks wish to
dance, we cheerfully reipond and play a
medley that ban neither beginning nor
ending, for it jost goes on and on and
round and round, and is a fantastic fan
testis- that is an original mixture of Dix
ie and Bun Nigger Bon, and the Bob
t>fl Nag and Come Out of the Wilder
: ?ss and the Arkansaw Traveller and
Highland Fling, np in a Balloon Boys,
and some others of like life and key and
measure. Oh. we mske music we do.
and the children always cheer us spa
thank ns so rapturously that we try it
again when they call us and get ready
for the next set.
And now the programme changes
again and we have music with song.
Younger fingers touch the keys and tho
family choir gets round the piano and
cheers tho wes small hours with melody.
Tba old standard songs are still welcomo
songs that. never, wear out, such as
"Bocked io the Cradle of the Deep,"
"Suwanee River" and "Annie Laurie,"
and there are somo later ones that are full
of sweet harmony, such as "I. Sent a
Letter to My Love," and Punchinello and
"when the leaven begin to fall." But all
pleasures must close after while, and so.
j ono by one, the little chaps surrendered
to their drooping eyelids, and peace and
quiet reigns. We did not gather all oar
children this time, for their business snd
I engagement would not permit. But wo
it together a goodly number, and scat
ired tho extra beda all around upon the
parlor floor, and Mrs. Arp's turkeys, that
she raised, aro being emily sacrificed upon
the altar; of paternal love. One, of our
fa rm cr raiaed boy s left us three yearn ago
? to seek his own fortune in the great city
, of Gotham, and be baa succeeded and Is
s Bohemian on a city paper 5od has
como home brightened up with ? new
; civilisation and talks yankee and dresses
j yankee ind looks yankee, bet he bao the
It is amusing to seo tho wonder and ad
miration with which the younger chil
dren look at him and listen to his chang
ed vernacular. One of them seemed a
little troubled and eaid with serious con
cern, "papa do you think New York has
done Hictor any bnrui?" "Wby, no,"
said I, "what makes you ask such a
question."
'.Well, I don't know," said he, "but he
wears that silk hat and he is so polite
and bo says he eats oatmeal at bis board
ing house nil the time, iust like nick folks
do." The boy was really alarmed for fear
his big; bud had become demoralised.
And now they will finish up the week
with dog aud guns. They promise to
keep tho table supplied with game, but
though this is ?Mind hunting ground it is
very poor finding, and when they do
find it is very poor killing. There were
eight of them after one squirrel this
evening, and they Beared him so bad with
tho noise of their guns that be finally
rnn down the tree and the dog caught
him. But after all, they had a power of
fun.
Woll, Christmas will be over when this
reaches your readers. I hope they all
had a good time and were happy, and
non* let me wish for you and for them a
happy New Year.
BIM. AM*.
A MOUNTAIN MYSTERY.
I* the Atnerioan Volcauo ton ltd In North
Carolina T
Charlatan Newt and Ojurier.
The singular phenomenon which re
cently startled the people living near
Elk mouin? in, in North Carolina, a brief
account of which was published in the
Newt and Courier a few days ago, deserves
more attention than is likely to be be
stowed upon it. It is indeed but ono
link in a cbalu of such occurrences, and
tho series undoubtedly presenta some
features of sufficient importance to re
quire a careful investigation at the bands
of scientists, geologists and others quali
fied to conduct such investigation in the
most thorough manner, and thereby to
trace the connection between the differ
ent phenomena, and. if possible, to dis
cover thc cause of them all. A review
of some of these occurrences will Interest
every person who lives between the Blue
Kidgo and the Atlantic ocean, at least,
as this numerous class may be fairly sup
posed to feel a special interest tn the
stability of the plateau upon which they
live aud upon which they expeot their
children to live after them.
Concerning the most recent disturbance
in tho mountains, Dr. J. 8. T. Baird, who
is evidently an intelligent and careful
observer, and who was himself an audi
tor of what occurred, sayB :
"Standing on an elevated point on my
farm, with a full and unobstructed view
of the entire Elk mountain range, and
happening at the very moment to have
my eyes turned in the direction of the
point in question, it afforded nu an ex
cellent opportunity to observe the whole
phenomenon. The morning was exceed
ingly bright, nlmost ominously calm. At
a point almost due North of my home,
and seemingly just over the crest of the
mountain, and at the hour abovo stated,
thero was what seemed to be a most
terrific subterranean explosion, followed
by a very perceptible jarring and trem
bling of the earth for miles around, and
a heavy rumbling Bound as of the deep
intonations of distant thunder, which
came on with increasing volume for sev
eral seconds. The sound proceeded with
rapid undulations in an eastwardly direc
tion, following the course of the moun
tains, and aeeming to trevena the deep
bowels of the earth, undi it reached a
point on the horizon of our valley about
46 degrees East from where it started,
when lt suddenly leaped forth from the
bosom of the mountains, and, lifting
itself above the horizon, pealed out upon
the air like a mighty thunderbolt, and
thus it ended as suddenly as it began.
Mr. A. E. HemphiU, who was on the top
of the mountain, in the immediate vi
cinity of where the first shock occurred,
Bays th ct it seemed to be directly beneath
him and the sensation was as though the
whole mountain was tumbling from its
foundation, with a fearful shaking and
trembling of the earth. Mr. Steve
Monday and Mr. James Edwards, who
were on the mountain some, two miles
further East, describe the sound and the
shaking and trembling of the mountain
as most appalling and terrifying, even
putting the leaves on the trees in rapid
and lively motion. - Other persons felt
and heard the tdiouk mnny miles away.
The shock was repeated, with tho same
characteristic? ahnnt. sunset on the even
ing of the same day."
These are no ordinary disturbances,
common to mountain ranges ; but rather,
so far as ia known, have boen confined on
this and previous occasions to that por
tion of the Bluo Ridge which lier, in the
Southwestern part of North Carolina,
and perhaps in the extreme Northeastern
corner of Georgia. Very little bas been
made public in regard to the disturbance*
in Georgia, but there is not far from Tal
lulah fails, lu tbis State, a peak of the
Bine Ridge known as "Sinking Moun
tain," which name bas probably been
bestowed upon it by reason of phenomena
occurring at that point similar to those
so frequently observed a few miles to thc
Northeast in the same range.
The disturbances at Bald motin lair
commenced ten or twelve years ago, and
excited at the time considerable m tc rev
all over the country, as well as feeling
of profound apprehension in those wm
dwelt within tue circle of their mytteri
ous and threatening manifestations.
It will be remembered that the mani
festal i ons were of so frequent occurreno
and of so violent character as to comps
the attention of persons living at a dis
tance of forty or fifty miles from th
mountain itself, while those who live?
on or near it were so seriously alarme*
that hundreds of families abandone*
their homes and fled to other and distan
localities to escape the danger wbicl
threatened them constantly by day am
night. Tho panic waa so general that, a
one ti nie, all the roads leading out of th
disturbed section were filled with fogi
ti vc J, and they who, for any reason, wor
compelled to remain behind, were reduc
ed to a state of euch confusion and tat
ror thst they gave over all other pursuit
and devoted themselves to religious exei
cines, firmly believing that the end of al
things was at hand, i It ia easy to amil
at their fears from a far and amie distant?
bot it is not to be doubted that simili
shocks repeatedly felt in other portion
of the country would lead to siro ile
results among the more ignorant class*
of tho population at least. At the Uro
of tho shooks nt Bald mountain it wt
stated that the beasts In the fields ?howe
their alarm not leas than did their nia
tew, and that horses halted, cowered au
shivered in thels tracks while boingdri
en along the public roads, many mill
distant from '.ho mountain, when tl?
felt tho mysterious tremor passing th rodf
tho ground beneath their feet,
vf?otfithstanding the large -mses :
testimony that was published from ; tin
: to tim? In regard to the fact and natu
j of tho shocks in tho Bald mb?n?a
region. *?ixx> were many persons wi
occurred. The Asheville end Spartan*
burg Railroad was then hoing.construct'
ed on tho other side of the range eight
or ton miles distant, and the wiseacres
attributed all the sounds and shocks that
were hecrd and felt to the frequent blasts
that wero mado in tho rock neds along
the line. After one such shock, however,
it was discovered that one Of the numer
ous peaks of the Bald mountain group
was rent in twain from summit to base,
and the unbelievers were..silenced from
that day to this. An investigation of the
tissure caused by that shock showed that
it was several fci wide and hundreds of I
Janis long. A party of mountaineers,
aving pro* id rd themselves with ropes
and candles, ?otered the cleft in the side
of the mountain, and after going a short
diatanco found that it widened Into a
great cavern. The appearance of the
walls proved beyond question that the
cavern was of very recent origin ; frag
ments of rocks hung loosely overhead:
tho floor was covered with debris, and
altogether the situation was so threaten
ing and uncertain, at heit, that the ex
ploration was abandoned well nigh at its
outset. It has never been pressed any
further, to the writer's knowledge. The
impression made upon the minds of those
who entered the cave wa* that tho "bot
tom of the mountain hat! dropped out,
down tc somewhere," leaving the peak
little more than a rocky shell. On this
theory tho phenomena that had been
observed for so many months before were
ac count eil for. The inside of the moun
tain had been crumbling and caving in,
piecemeal, and the fal! of tho masses in
the interior bad caused the shocks and
rumbling sounds that had been felt and
heard for mites around. The theory may
or may not be the true ono. It will bold
until a better one is offered, at least, and
has strong sunport in some other recent
occurrences l? tho same neighborhood.
A few miles from Bald mountain, in
another part of the same range, is another
peak that bas certainly caved in the way
BUggCO'^d.
Tho nature of the disturbances that
have occurred at this point is beyond
question. The mountain baa caved and
crumbled until it is as hollow as a bee
hive, and a very badly cracked 'bee hive
withal. C?rrente of warm air are drawn
into crevices between the rocks on the
one side of the mountain, and nour out
on tho other side, as chill tts a blast from
an ice house. Tho outgoing currents
creep along the groand and are distin
guishable lu the summer time at a dis
tance of half a mile from the point of
exit. 80 it is said. A fishing rod can
bo driven out of sight at mnny places, in
the crevices between the rocks under
foot. At one point a cross section of the
ridge has fallen bodily a distance of per
haps a hundred feet-leaving a gap
through the mountain like a railroad
"cut, the side walls of which are nearly
perpendicular. Make'two parallel cuts
across and through a loaf of baker's
bread, and then u.ash down tho middle
slice co formed and you ?ill get a fair
Idea' of what has occurred here. The
loaf of bread is a mountain, however,
and the slico ls probably an hundred
yards long. At another point such a
slice has fallen without exposing from
above the gap which it has loft. There
is a slight crevice at the surface, indeed,
but you would step across that without
suspecting what waa under you. The
crevice gradually widens aa you descend
the mountains, and you can go into it at
one or two places. Looking upward it
appeared as a broken thread of light
extending along the roof of a cave of
unknown proportions. The rock walls
of the cave aro broken and cracked in
every direction, and the floor is covered
wiih ???guisntb tu?t n&?& ?'aU?u ...?
above, and that keep falling. The floor
also drops away sometimes. You cannot
go very far along the dark and dangerous
road your feet are in, even if you wish
to do so, because it ends suddenly in an
abjss of which you can neither seethe
roof, the sides, nor the bottom. Drop a
stone over the verge-you will never
hear it strike! There is no known'bot
tom there ; it, too, has dropped down to
i; ci?o where.
There are other evidences of floreat
and uncertainty Ju the beerte of those
everlasting hills. In one place a great
body of water gushed out of the aide of
a mountain, breaking ita way thrungli
the soil and carrying everything beforo
it. Tho guides will show yon '^whirl
pools" that receive mountain streams and
swallow them. Throw a stick into the
little mealstrora and it will spin around
a few moments aud then disappear in
the voi cox.
These things are all pocul??.; nui lu
ter. .?tim? and into*nltunriij. - Tf lUr, Barna
featuresand facts and pnonomen* ?*>re
to be. observed In tho Harte mountains
there would be logon da about thew, nnd
Americans would cross tho ocean to seo
them abd write books about thom.' If
they were located tn the White moun
tains, or the Catskills, Or the Adirondacks,
there would bs hotels and railroads ali
through the region foi accommodate the
crowds of visitors every summer. As lt
ls, itu ?l?In the "Land of the
aud might tis well bo in the sky itself, so
far as our people) r.fo concern cd. ?
Girls io Odd Stocking*.
"Scarlet stockings? ' Yes, they're all
the go," said a Chestnut street hosiery
dealer yesterday. "Bot that .isn't the
latest craze by any means."
"What is the latest fashion, then ?"
"Why, 00 Saturday morning I had,
three young lady customers who came in
and bought three pair of red and three
pair of olack bose. I.vraa somewhat sur
prised and asked the object. In each
case I was told that it was not tho. proper
caper to wear two red stockings now, any
mor? than it ls to ?rear two black ones."
"Well, whet on earth were they going
todo?"
"Wear one of each kind--? scarlet
stocking on one foot sud n black one on
the other. It's a fact I assure you. And
tho fashion Is gaining ground, for this
momiirg I had several moro customers
on the same errand. Black and red, you
know, are striking and at the samo timo
becomIogcontrasts.',---P?!./aa'ci>Aia??Hi?).
Au Enthnsinstlo Citizen.
"Your house is afire, Colonel," said
mau approaching an acquaintance one
night during a political "ratification"
when the pulse of many a mau was fo
when the puise or many
verish. ? ? .'?<'?
"AU ride, ole boy. Go up
while'n pot ber out,"
"But the roof was falling In when
JerYtha*:" /
"Thad GO ? Cellar alu* hurt y ft, reckon
Koorah I" ? . n : i$jgm
all of your furniture ia de
itt
- *usd 'fact? Saved the well dldn
they? All right. Boorah 1"
Tba American Is an enthuaiaetlo ci tl
m ' -:.
~ A zealous preacher, who
smoking os well aa he ought, in a "
Is no Bleeping car on the road ttrgl
One of tho party whom be aim? *
rn? ..
IMPORTANT CORRESPONDENCE,
Clvtl^iervloo Itcfoim.
NEW YORK, December 29-The fol
lowing correspondence explains itself : .
NAT'L CIVIL SERVICE REFORM LEAGUE,
OFFICE 4 PIKE STREET,
NEW YORK, December 20,1884.
Hon. Grover Cleveland: Sm : We
have the honor to address you ou behalf
of the National Civil Service Belora)
League, an association composed of
citizens of all parties, whose sole pur
pose is indicated by its narao, and which
takes no part whatever in party centro*
versy. The vast increase io tho number
of persons engaged in the civil service,
ano the grftve mischiefs and dangers
arising from the general proscription in
the service which for bali a century bas
followed a change of pnrty control of the
national administration, have produced
so profound au impression upon the pub?
Ile mind that the first effective steps
toward reform were taken with the co
operation of both parties io the passage
ot the reform Act of January 16th, 1883.
The abuse which that Act seeks to cor
rect, however, sro so strongly entrenched
in the traditions and usages of both par
ties tb&t there is naturally a wido-spread
anxiety lest the party change * Ju the
National Executive, effected oy the late
election, should show them to be insu
perable ; but believing as we do that the
reformed system cannot be held to be
securely established until it bas safely
passed the ordeal of such party change,
and recalling with satisfaction and con
fidence, your public expressions favorable
to reform and your official acts as the
Chief Executive of the State of New
York, we confidently commend this cause
to your patriotic care in the exercise of
the great power with which the Ameri
can people havo entrusted you.
Respectfully, yours,
GEO. WM>CORTI8, President.
WM. POTTS, Secretary.
John Jay, Moorefield Storey, J. Hall
Plensants, W. W. Montgomery, Everett
P. Wheeler, Frederick Cromwell, Mor
rell Wyman. Jr., Carl Schurz, Silas W.
Burt, A. S. McDonough, Wm. Carey
Banger, Wm. W. Aiken, Executive Com
mittee.
PRESIDENT-ELECT CLEVELAND'S REPLY,
i A LEAKY N. Y., December 25, 1884.
lion. George William Curtis, President,
dre.-DEAR SIR: Your communication,
dated December 20, addressed to me on
behalf of the National Civil Service Re
form League, has been received. That A
practical reform in civil service Is de
manded, is abundantly established by
?be fact that tho Matute referred to in
your communication to secure such a rc :
suit has been passed tn Congress, with
tho assent of both political parlies, and
by the further Inct that tho sentiment is
generally prevalent among patriotic peo
ple, calline for a fair andlionest enforce
ment of the law, which bas been thus
enacted. I regard myself pledged to
this, because my conception of true
Democratic faith and public duty re
quires that this and all other statutes
snuuld be In good faith and without
evasion enforced, and because in many
utterances made prior to my election'as
President, approved by the party to wt I m >
I belong, and which I have no disposi
tion to disclaim, I have in effect promtsed
the people, that this should be done. I
am not unmindful of the fact to which
you refer, that many of our citizens fear 1
that the recent party change in the
National Executive may demonstrate
that abuses which have grown on in
civil service are ineradicable. I know
that they are deeply rooted and that the
atiotb ny?, tc FT. ha* heart sar<pc-;?d ta fes? 7.
i ni n i:it ely fWjttsd to success in tho m ni n
tenance of party organization, and I tm
not sure that all those who profess to he
friends of this reform, will, stand firmly
among its advocates wheo they fiod.it
obstructing their way to patronage and .
place. But fully appreciating the trust
committed to my charge, no such consid
eration shall cause a relaxation on my '
fiart of an earnest effort, to enforce tbfs
aw. There Is a class of Government
positions which aro not within the letter
of the Civil Service Statute, but which
are so disconnected with the policy of on
administration, that the removal there-.'
tom of tho present incumbents, in my
opinion, should not be made during the
terms for which they wero appointed,
solely on partisan grounds and for the
purpose of putting in their , places those '
who were ra political accord with tho
appointing power. But many now hold
ing such positions hc?? fcrSiftcd el! just"
claims to retention, because they have
used their places for party purposes ta. I,
disregard of their duty to tho people,
and iiecause, instead of being decent
public Servante, they havo proved them
selves jffonslvo partisans and unscrupu- ?
loua manipulators of local party man
agement. The lessons of tho past should ?
bo unlearned, and such officers, as well \
as their successors, should be taught that' :
e?floieney. fitness and devotion to duty,
aro conditions of their continuance in
public place, and that tho quiet and. un
obtrusive exercise of individual political
rightsKisa reasonable measure of their
party service. If I were addressing
none but party friends, I should, doom it
entirely propor to remind thom, that .
though tue coming administration ia to ,
be Democratic, a due regard for the peo
ple's interest does not permit faithful
party work to be always rewardedMb^:;^
appointment to office, and to say to them, :
that while Democrats may expect all
proper consideration, selections for office,
not embraced within the civil Service
rules, will be based upon sufficient in
quiry os to fitness. Instituted by those
charged with that duty, rather than upon
persistent importunity or self-solicitation
and recommendations on behalf of can
didates for appointment.
* Yours very truly,
GROVER CLEVELAND,
Always Look Under tho Sofa, ^ :
The fellowing from th e Co nyora Weekly
ls published wHh the hope that it moy
pery? sa a ; warn;cg to spoony couples
hereabouts :
' There Is a certain boy'. who doe? not
live a thousand miles from here that
ought to bit killed. Last Sunday; aveng
ing be crawled under the sofa, and when
his big sister aud her best young mau
were sitting a* close together as .possible^
he rigged a slip-toot around their fwrt.
When tho old gentleman came Into the
.parlor to look foi:: his cigar etunip they
thought ?boy would occupy separate pews.
The young man feU over tho center table,
and Alias-sat dnwa on the floor with
? concussion that ?ilslocated hcradjusta
blo-bangs. Tho o?d gentleman thought
JsT^-rrWas drunk, and hit him "
cane co vcral times before hocon ld tear
himself loose nod fall out Of the window.
The rotten ts declared off.
;-r- tm** ' ' .<'>.
- Tho Russian government Is about
to balle} an clor en thousand ton iron elad,
Ibo obst of which is estimated^ $3,250,
- It does not seem to follow that io
^^^!Iv?aww^?Ui?va|i?^^
Slr Moses Montefiore,
ibit hie tether died a* 44

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