Newspaper Page Text
RY OLINKSCALES & LANGSTON.
ANDERSON. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 2ii 1898.
VOLUME XXXIII--M). 3i>.
THAT is the inducement we are making to secure your
trade. We couldn't begin to sell Goods at lower prices than
others if we sold on credit. Cash Buying and Cash Selling
is the only way to cut prices down. We have cut them deep,
and the advantage is mostly gained by you. Every cash
dollar you spend with us will purchase more than a promise
to-pay dollar will buy anywhere ; and when we say we can
save you from 10 to 20 per cent, on your purchase we mean
every word of it, and can easily prove it.
By an interesting turn in trade we secured a big lot of
All Wool Clay Worsted Suits much below their market value.
These Goods are full regular made, with good Serge linings,
and sewed with Silk all over. They are $7.00 Suits, but as
we sell for cash and can turn the money over quickly we
have marked them
They won't last long at the above price.
Your money back if you want it.
THE SPOT CASH CLOTHIERS.
\AJ - -\>.
COTTON IS CHEAP
AINU- SO ARE
G IKK EmiiS.
LIVE AND LET LIVE IS OUR MOTTO !
WE have a choice and select Stock of
FAMILY and FANCY GROCERIES,
Consisting of almost everything you may need to eat. Our Goods arc fresh.
were bought for cash, and will be sold as low as the lowest. Please give me
a call before purchasing your Groceries.
Thanking all for past favors and soliciting a continuance of the same
We are yours to please,
Gk F. BIGBY.
- Wm. Y. Fair Las been' appoi
postmaster at Newberry. S. C.
- J. H. Hays of Kock Hill
been appointed agent for the Cati
- It is reported that John ll.
bert, of Greenwood, will be appoi
collector of eustoms at Charleston
- Col. T. J. Lipscomb, ex-Su
inteudent of the State Pcnitenti
has been nominated Mayor of Col
- Thc Port Royal dry dock is t
arranged to allow the largest war
sels to go in and out at any stag
- The late W. C. McGowan.
Abbsville, carried $44,000 life
surance, all of which has been pail
- Your Uncle George Tillman
digoantly denies that he will w
draw from thc Gubernatorial race,
says he will stay in to the finish.
- Senator Scarborough of Ho
county has been announced as a c
didate for congress in opposition
the present incumbent, Hon. Jar
- Judge Samuel Melton is critica
ill at his home in Columbia. Then
not thought to be any present dan:
but his malady is said to have tal
the form of paralysis.
- It is announced that L.
Childs, if his health permits, will
the prohibition candidate for govert
and that J. A. McCullough, of Gre<
vlile, will be his running mate.
- The Asylum for Imbeciles a
Insaac in Columbia has !>88 patien
more than they have ever had. Th
are forced to send harmless incurabl
to the county poorhouse in order th
room may be made for curable patien!
- The number of pensioners
Greenville county this year is on
third greater than last year. A sin
lar increase all over the State will d
crease the sum each pensioner receiv
to less than a mere pittance.
- Au old colored man named B(
Stephens who lived near Liben
Chapel church in the Mars Blu
section died Tuesday at thc advance
age of i>7 years. He was the father i
about 40 children and has been ma
ried several times.
- In case of war, South Carolin
caa fit out ti thousand regiments wit
officers, from captains up, if the oth<
States will furnish the privates. W
can also man the whole commissaria
calling upon others only for the stufl
- The record of crime in Sout
Carolina printed in one Columbi
paper of March li) includes five kil'
ings-all negroes. One was a worua
murdered by her white male compati
ion: another was a man killed by whit
constables, and the remaining dent:;
resulted from ordinary negro row?.
- Thc Risers, father and two sous
were convicted of various crimes com
mitted at Pomaria, Newberry county
a few days ago. They were suppose?
to bc respectable, well-to-do people
but they had been robbing .--tores, etc
The old ?nan. who was (w years o't
and a member of the church, wai
sentenced to eighteen mouths <.:) th<
county chaingang and the two sons t<
the penitentiary I'*--:" five years aud on(
month. The courts of Newberry seen
to do their duty.
- President Boggs has announced,
unofficially, that the Pickcns Ii. W.
will certainly roll into Picken- on
Monday. 2Sth inst. The engine is at
Kasley pulling iron and the track is
laid and spiked up to the Vaudivcr
hill. At thc pr?tent rate, with no
other uuiorscen drawback we can cer
tainly meet the cars at the Pickens
depot on the above date. By the way
will there be any demonstration what
ever over this noted event. - Pivkcn*
- The case of the Governor s sus
pension of the Clerk ol Court. \\ i?.
Bullock, was argued in Abbeville last
Saturday by Assistant Attorney (.?en
era! Townsend and Mr. William N.
Graydon on behalf ol Mr. .McMillan,
the Governor's appointee, and by
Messrs. lillis <?. Graydon and Frank
li. Gary on behalf of Mr. Bullock.
.Judge Kl ugh, whu heard the ease,
decided that the Governor had no
authority to remove the Clerk at this
time. The grand jury may act on the
case again in June.
- While torpedoes and mines are
being planted at the entrance to Port
Koyal harbor it is almost certain that
several of the monitors will be station
ed there permanently if hostilities
begin. Because of the depth of thc
harbor, adequate protection cannot be ?
supplied by mines. There are no
fortifications to protect the govern- |
ment dry dock and station, po the
towns of Port Boya! and Beaufort :
could be destroyed ina few minutes
by one ship, lt is the only port in j
thc south where any battleship of j
Spain can steam up to the wharf. An
enemy landing there could CUL thc
riant railway at V'emassee. ;i few
miles away, the mair, line between the
north and Florida. Beaufort, the
utc?~i exposed town on the coast, is .
also one of thc oldest lt has nearly
Wait Another Week.
KEV WEST. Fla.. March 20.-The
Court of Inquiry, according to Hear
Admiral Sicard. will continue its work
through the coming week, as it is not
yet ready to make a report on the
Maine disaster. The statement that
Capt. Albert S. Barker carried the re
port to Washington is officially de
nied. The object of his flying visit
to Key West was not ascertained, out
side official circles until to-day. It
can be authoritatively stated that
Capt. Barker had uothing to do with
the Court of Inquiry.
He came here on Friday from Tam
pa cn a special mission to investigate
the harbor defences, following out
some lines suggested by Gen. Wilson,
chief of engineers, in his recent in
spection of land fortifications. Capt.
Barker's plan, when he left here last
night, waa to confer with Commander
McCalla, of the Marblehead. who is
now at Tampa, and he will probably
remain there a day or so. Capt. Bar
ker formerly commanded the Oregon.
It is impossible to say definitely
whether any synopsis of the findings
of the Court up to date has been sent
to Washington. The notion prevails
here that this has been done, but no
official confirmation is obtainable.
That the final report has been sent to
Washington can be definitely denied.
Capt. Sampson and Lieutenant
Commander Marix remained on board
the Iowa to-day. Capt. Chadwick
and Lieutenant Commander Porter
did not leave thc New York. The
Court is expected to reconvene to
morrow on the Iowa.
The two unidentified bodies from
the Maine brought here last night
were buried to day in the city ceme
tery with simple services. A divis
ion of blue jackets followed the
Col. Fernando Salcedo, of the in
surgent army, arrived this morning
from Nassau on the schooner Hattie
Darling. With a companion he left
tke shores of Cuba in an open boat
and after au eight days tempestuous
passage they landed at Nassau, half
dead from exposure. Col. Salcedo is
on nick leave. His companion is car
rying dispatches from Gen. Maximo
Gomes to the junta in New York.
Tomorrow the Indiana is expected
from the Dry Tortugas and that sta
tion will then be left with the Texas
and the Massachusetts, which did not
sail yesterday as was expected. These
battleships will take on more ammu
nition and unless their orders are un
expectedly changed, will leave in a
day or two for Hampton Roads.
The survey boat Bache sailed for
the Tortugas to-night to resume her
usual work of surveying thc channels.
The Mangrove will sail to-morrow for
the Tortugas and will lay buoys there.
This is merely in line witii the activi
ty already shorn iu improving harbor
facilities al thc Tortuga-.
'flic Detroit and Montgomery ar
rived from the Tortugas to-day. Thc
former put moro ammunition on board
thc New York and thc Iowa, and then
anchored ir. the harbor. The torpedo
boat Porter left fi r thc Tortugas and
thc torpedo boat Dupont returned
Thc licet oft Key West uow consists
(d' thc Iowa, the New York, the Nash
ville,'.-the Montgomery, the Detroit
and the torpedo boats Dupont. Wins
low. Foote ann Gushing. The [ndi- j
ana will bc added to-morrow.
Cm. Kllerhc Will Command Our Troops.
At last thc Governor of South Car
olina comes out unequivocally, says
he believes war is inevitable, an
nounces hi.- intention t" order out the
State troops the moment they are
needed, and declares that he himself
will lead thc State's soldiers to the
front. This is the first time the Gov
ernor has spoken and it is thought
that lie has had seme advicis.
Last night he cave the press the
"M rovernor. what do you think of
tip- prospect of war with Sj ain?
"War-"is a very serious matter and
should not at any time be undertaken
except fer special ami sufficient rea
sons. If. however, the <.'<>urt ol' In
quiry decide.- that thc Spanish gov
ernment is responsible for the blow
ing up of the Maine it seem- to nie
that war is inevitable. The dastard
ly ace of taking the ?ive.- ut' 25U un
suspecting American seamen while
quietly asleep in a friendly port
should not be treated lightly by any
nation of courage. The conservative
policy which has been pursued by the
administration is to be much com
"If war be declared and you are
called upon what do you propose to
'i would order out the State troops
;IIow many tuen could you put out
on short notice'/
"I have about 5,000 armed and
equipped, who would rc-pond tu a
man ami light a circular saw to pro
tect the honor of thc American flag. '
"Who would you putin command?"
''If thc troops id' my State are put
in the field 1 will take command my
self. I have ordered Adjutant Gen
eral Watts to fully equip every com
pany and direct thc captains to re
cruit their companies to the numbers
required, - Th: Stat'.
For the INTELLIGENCER.
Diversifying crop9, under a judicious
system of rotation, is a subject that cught
o claim a much larger share of attention
from Southern farmers than it does.
That we in the South are wedded too
much to one kind of crop goes without
saying. Until we get divorced from it
and turn attention to other necessary and
paying products, we will never be the in
dependent and prosperous people wo
ought to be. By diversifying crops, of
course we mean the cultivation of all
kinda of profitable farm produots, with
their alternation upon different plat3 of
ground. In this category we may place
corn, wheat, oats, rye, barley, peas, pota
toes, sorghum, and even king cotton,
liesides these field crops, every farmer
should have a good garden, growing all
kinds of vegetables needed for family
use, and some to spare for market.. How
often is it that many do not have a gar
den worth the name. They live on bread
and meat, much of which comes from a
distance, and often at high figures, lie
cause this ia naturally a cotton country it
does not follow that we are to neglect
other things of as much, or more, value
Many other crops will do and pay as well,
or better, in our climate than 5 cents cot
ton. Some of the benefits and advant
ages of diversifying crops may be now
mentioned. And first, by this system
our lands do not become exhausted of
any ono element of fertilization. All
plants vary In their elective capacity to j
obtain nourishment from the soil, and if |
continued for a time on the same plat of
ground they exhaust it of the elements
upon which they chiefly feed. In this
case a chango of plant9 becomes neces
sary. In many instances also one kind
of crop prepares the way and is helpful to
another kind. This is true of peas, rye,
clover, and even cotton. It is well
known that corn, wheat and oats do well
after cotton. This may be due partly to
the land being clean, but no doubt large
ly to tho cotton, in its growth, leaving
the elements needed by the grain crop in
the soil. Peas obtain much of their ni
trogen from the atmosphere, and thereby
help to furnish this element to the suc
ceeding crop. Besides, this land run ex
clusively in one kind of crop for several
years, especially in what we call clean
crop.", is deprived of vegetable matter so
much needed to create humus, and there
by rendered them more unproductive.
Again, by diversifying our crops, wo can
have something coming in the year
round, either for home consumption or
for the market. A ry e or barley crop, for
instance, comes in well in the spring, and
so of wheat in the summer, when bread
is needed, cash is scarce and credit pretty
well exhausted. The farmer who d?
pends upon one or two kinds of products
only will often lind himself in straitened
circumstances. He may be compelled to
run up a large supply account that may
absorb all bis hardly earned cotton. But
with constantly maturing crops be can
easily bridge over many a hard place,
and hold on to his fleecy staple for other J
uses A diversity of crops gives also
profitable employment the year round.
This is an item of much importance to
those hiring wage bauds. When only j
a few kinds of crops are grown much |
valuable time is eithrr wasted or only
nominally employed, in cultivating ;
and gathering simply a crop of corn and
cotton not more than six or seven months 1
of the year aro put in. A freedman the
other day said the ?irs: of March was j
timo enough for bim to begin to work,
and thu' he made as ^ood crops as any-1
1 ody. Well, no doubt his entire crop
consisted chiefly o? cotton and a few I
.".eros of yellow, grassy corn, with now
and then a pitiful looking pea vine.
Diversity i* also a safeguard against
unfavorable seasons. !f is raro in this? .
country to be blessed with favorable !
seasons for ail kinds of crops in the same :
year. Sometimes some arc ont off, while
others do well. Last year, in many sec
tions, peas, pea vines, oats, hay and po
tatoes '.vere a complete failure, while the
corn, wheat and colton crops did well. |
Where, therefore, there is a diversity of
pro luc?s ami some Ail. others succeed
ing will supply their places and possibly .
prevent suffering. It is furthermore be- j
iioved that if diversified farming was ,
practiced more in this county* it would j
lend a charm to farm life that it does not |
now possess, on the all cotton plan. It is ?
no wonder that our young men. reared j
on the farm, seek other vocations. It is j
all cotton. (''.'Nm preparationofground.
(...ito:! hoeing, plowing, picking, ginning,
hauling to market, and all for the pitiful
sumof?'i for a hundred poundsofthei
break-back stu if. There is no charm in j
it uo variety-nothing inducing tuan'
aspiring young man. Yea, nhl me:: get
tired, of the annual routine the almost
disgusting monotony. Variety is said I
to hf the spice of life. If so. farming in
this country needs to have a good deal of
?nie* ;?ut into it to make it go down
well. The writer, understand, is not to-!
tally opposed to cotton, for it is good in :
ita place, but he sees no reason for allow
ing it to supplant everything else that is
good. He does not "love Cu.'3ar less but
Home more." NKW FOGY.
? ?--? ?-.?
- The Gallas tribe in Africa is reported j
by a Belgian authority to regard it aft a !
sacred duty to kill cow? on every posai- j
hie occasion, with a Y?OW of discovering a !
certain volume of sacred lore, which a !
cow once swallowed.
STAIR OT OHIO, Orrr OF ToLKno, I
FRANK J. CHKNKY makes oath tnat be is th.',
seniar pnrtui'r of th'.? firm of V. J. CHBHKY A. Co .
doini; business in tho City o;' Toledo. Comity ami ''
State aforesaid and that said finn will pay the |
?um of ONE 1IUNORCO DOLLARS for each and
every cam; of CATARKH that l anuot be cured bj
tb* v.*i ol HALL'S CATARRH CURR.
KRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn (.> before mo nnd subscribed in HIV pres
?nec, this 6th lav of December, A. I) iss-j. * i
SISAL' J?. W GLEASON.
H.il!'< C?sarrh Cure-is take.? internally and act*
lirccily on the blcodaaU mucous surfaces of the
v~"t''iv. Send for testimonials, free.
'Address. b*..'. CHBNKY4 CO.,Toledo "
Sold by :>r'j;;i*;>. "'<%.
Spanish Forces, Urin? ami Dead.
WASHINGTON. March IS.-Seventy
thousand men is the number of Span
! ish soldiers who hare been killed,
j wounded and otherwise incapacitated
1 for duty during the present war in
; Cuba. These figures have been re
j ceived in this city recently from reli
i able sources, and is said to be as
! nearly authentic as it is possible to
obtain them without recourse to the
records kept by the Spanish govern
ment. From the same source consid
erable other information bearing on
thc military strength of Spain and her
dependencies is obtained. The pres
ent force of Spain in Cuba is as fol
Regulars, 135,000. Of this number
i it is estimated that SO,OOO of them are
I effective for military purposes. They
j are distributed throughout the island
! as follows: About 25,000 are in the
j two eastern provinces of Santiago de
I Cuba and Puerto Principe, and the re
I mainder are in ibo provinces of Santa
Clara, Mantanzas. Habana and Pinar
There are about ?10.000 members
j in what is known as the volunteer
i anny. These arc mostly in the pro
vince of Habana, and are largely in
the nature of home guards, corres
ponding to our military duty from va- .'
The strength of the Spanish army
at home, including her nearby posses
sions, is 100,000 men, which in times
of demand for additional soldiers may
be increased as follows: First reserve.
50,000: second reserve. 100,000 men,
all of whom are instructed in military
tactics, and a second reserve which is j
not instructed of MOO.000, making in !
all a grand total of (510,000 men.
Since these figures were received here
recent drafts of 15,000 men to
strengthen the army in Cuba leaves
only S5,000 men of Spain's regular
army in the peninsula, the Belearic
Islands, the Spanish possessions in
North Africa and the Canary Islands.
In the Phillippinc Islands Spain has
an army of o2,000 men. which in
cludes about 15,000 native troops.
Several regiments of the latter were
disbanded during the time of war.
lt is said that they are of little use to
the Spanish government.
In Porto Rico there are 5,000 Spau
ish troops, which in the event of hos
tilities could be supplemented by
- No man ever wants to kiss a girl
after he has once seen her hold a nickel
the conductor has gi\en ber for change j
between ber teeth while she gets her
purse open. i
ll 'member, we buy Stoves in Car I
tage f cheap freight and cheap prices.
All Stoves Sold by \
?r?f" Call before baying and inspec
Yours for Trade.
OTHER WHEELS ARE Hil
At any price, when any
"Fellow" can get the
At the Popular P
The only UP-TO-DATE
TRIED AND T
IT IS NO FRIEND
Call and see the Stearn's Cl
Hospital for the Insane Crowded.
The care of thc insane of the State
has become a serious problem. The
number of patients has assumed
alarming proportions. To such an ex
tent is this true that the board of re
gents met yesterday and gave the mat
ter their most careful consideration.
As a result ?f their deliberations they
appointed two committees to study
plans to relieve the situation by re
ducing the number under treatment.
During the past month 989 persons
were cared for. This is the largest
number in the history of the hospital
for the insane. Thirty-four new ones
have applied for admission. Thirty
one patients were discharged on trial.
The regents decided that the insti
tution is becoming so crowded that to
accommodate recent and incurable
cases for whom applications are being
made it will be necessary to send ail
chronic and harmless cases to the
poor houses of their respective coun
ties. A committee consisting of Mr.
Iredell Jones and Superintendent
Babcock was appointed to investigate
the subject and report to the regents
in order that the matter may be laid
before Governor Ellerbe to be trans
mitted by him to the next General
The question of admitting insane
criminals is a vital one and Dr. Tay
lor, as chairman, was appointed to
pre?are a special report. He is to
confer with the superintendent and
directors of the penitentiary in order
to have recommendations for legisla
tion which will have insane criminals
placed in the penitentiary, where in
the opinion of the regents they prop
erly belong.-Thc State.
- The stained glass window to b?
placed in St. Paul's Episcopal Church,
Richmond, in memory of Jefferson Davis,
will be unveiled on Easter Sunday. Some
well-kaown clergymen Trill be invited to
preach, and an appropriate musical pro
gramme will be rendered by the vested
choir. The window will bear the follow
ing inscription: " To the glory of God aud
in memory of Jefferson Davis, President
of the Confederate States of America.
Born June ISOS; died December 6,1SS9."
The amount necessary to pay for the
window has all been subscribed.
- In Hoboken thirty yoong women
have organized as the "American Mili
tary Girls." Annie Huhn is commander,
and the object of the organization is to
defend the flag at all hazards. There
would have been more members, but
several dropped out when told that no
young men would be admitted to defend
them in case of. war.
- Some men's facea reflect nothing bus
the truth. Some women's reflect nothing
but the teeth.
iE have just received a Car Load ol
)K STOVES. Wc keep
Forty Diiicreiit Sizes.
Forty Different Kinds,
Forty Different Prices,
Forty Stoves and Range.
t up on our iloor to select from. As
n as one is sold another is nut in its
ors and give our customers the ad van
Js are Guaranteed.
t our stock.
for Stoves. Crockery, Tinware, Etc.
rice of $50.00.
ru REPAIR SHOPS.