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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson Court House, S.C.) 1860-1914, June 29, 1898, Image 1

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BI CLINKSCALES & LANGSTON.
ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 1898.
VOLUME XXXIY---NO. L
$
?
ARE not the Clothes that eost
the least. Cheap Clothes are
those in which value and cost
are carefully weighed. Our
prices are the lowest because
we sell only for Cash, and
therefore have no losses. We
have studied the Ready-to
Wear question. We can fit
any figure-unusually tall,
short, fat, thin, or a combina
tion of all. We like to be put
to the test. Our Clothes will
fit you, and our prices will fit
your purse.
Straw Hats,
Gauze Underwear,
Lightweight Coats and Vests.
And Negligee Shirts,
?ile necessities now, not lux
uries. A full and complete
assortment of each.
Tour money back if you want it.
. 0. Evans a Co,
THE SP?T CASH CLOTHIERS.
War, War, War !
es
We are at War with
HIGH PEICES
AND
CHEAP STUFF,
AND OUR
PRICES AND QUALITY WILL WIN !
M SHOP B ?rn
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
CALL AND SEE TTS.
W. 0. SIMPSON * CO.
ALABASTINE.
WONT RUB OFF.
Wall Paper is Unsanitary.
Kaisomine is tem
porary, rots, rubs
off and Scales.
THE DCCTOn-" Ont lawtr of
ALABASTINE S?a?s?=
forms a pure and permanent coating and does 'L
not require to be taken off to renew from t i me ?
to time. Is a dry powder. The latest make ?
being adapted to mix, ready for use, with\
Cold Water. Can be easily brushed on by any f
one. Made in white and twelve fashionable.
tints. ALABASTINE is adapted to all styles'
of plain and relief decorating.
ASK YOUR PAINT DEALER FOR CARO OF TINTS.
If not for sale ia your town, wrlto us for name di
nearest dealer. \
MANUFACTURED ONLY BY ALABASTINE CO., GRAND RAPIDS, MICH.?
ALL COLORS KEPT IN STOCK BY
The Kew Court House Dedicated.
Last Monday will go down as another
important day in the history of Anderson
County. Seventy years have elapsed
since the first Court Hcuse was erected
in this County, and since then only one
change was made in the original building
until it was torn down ayear ago to make
room for the handsome and modern
building that has just been completed
and turned over to the County officials.
This new temple of justice stauds on the
site of the old one, but, of course, covers
more ground. It is a building that at
tracts the admiration of every visitor to
Anderson, and one that every citizen of
the County oan point to with pride.
The building committee, consisting of
Supervisor Snelgrove, J. D. Maxwell,
J. F. Clardy, J. H. Jones and W. D. Gar
rison, have discharged their duty most
faithfully, and the taxpayers of Anderson
County may rest assured tbat they have a
Court House that could not again be
erected for the same sum of money that
this one cost.
Last Monday was set apar,t for the for
mal dedication of this new temple of jus
tice. An interesting program had been
arranged for the occasion, and throughout
the exercises were most impressive und
interesting
At IO o'clock a. m. the Court officials
with the members of the bar and repre
sentatives of the local prese, formed in
procession at the Hotel Cniquola and
marched to the Court House. The spa
cious Court room was crowded to its ut
most capacity, a great many ladies honor
ing the occasion with their presence.
The Anderson Orchestra was present,
and, after rendering a charming selection
of music, J. li. Tribble, Esq., Chairman
of the committae of arrangements, called
the assembly to order, and Rev. J. N. H.
bum m ere 1 offered a most fervent prayer
After another selection of music, Mr.
Tribble spoke as follows:
Mcty it please your Honor: The Com
mittee have deemed it proper before
holding Court to have the new Court
House formally dedicated, and for this
purpose a program bas been arranged,
and the hunor ot Introducing these servi
OHS bas been placed upon me. With your
Honor's permission, by way of introduc
tion, let me say that beauty, whether in
nature or in art, always attracts. It has
tbe p iwer of turilliDg or inspiring. I
never stand under the shadow of a great
building and gaze upward at ita lofty
spires aud glittering domes but a feeling
comes over me of man's innate desire to
ascend. I am a great believer in the laws
of development-evolution-the ascent,
and not descent, of man. I have never
been disturbed with the scientific id>a
that man came from a lower order of ani
mal life If be did, bis place in the world
shows tbac he is the ascendant and nut
descendant animal. Whatever bis ori
gin, be struggles onwards and upwards
toward a higher goal in civilization.
It only excites our wonder and curios
ity wben we read that men were once
concent to let caves and rock-clefts be
their only place of habitation. From
there we emerged imo the light ot heaven
and a purer atuio-phere. AS man's mil d
begin to expand be demanded hetter
comforts for his body. Tbe tents ano
booths of Nimrod, tbe mighty bunter
before (he Lord, became inadequate, and
be bui'ded a city. After 40 years wan
dering in the wilderness, tbe Children of
Israel sat down to tbe business of life.
Houses took the place of tents, tbe taber
nacle became insignificant, and in Its
place the magnificent temple towered
above the walla of Jerusalem, reflecting
tbe wiodom of Solomon and tbe glor.v of
Israel. As out of the simmering, ot the
teakettle tbe idea of the steam engine was
evolved that now drives the commerce or
the world, so line by line from the rude
huts of the past, was evolved the Idea of
architectural design that Alls tbe land
with comfortable dwellings; palatial resi
dences, and inspiring churches and mag
nificent publie bondings. Wherever
Christian civilization has gone abe baa
carried architectural design as ber hand
maid, building Churches Colleges, hos
pitals, homes of refuge and temples of
justice. Tbe culture and refinement of a
nation finds its highest expression in the
beauty and taste of architectural design
and ornamentation.
Athens centered bera in tbe Acropolis^
the .Roman's was centered in the Colis
eum; tho Anglo-Saxon in grand balls
and splendid cathedrals, where the light
streams through painted wiudows, and
"through long drawn aisles and jetted
vaults the pealing anthem Bwells the note
of praise."
It was MaCauley, I believe, in speaking
of the English said, tbat it was t ot easy
to explain why tbe nation which was so
so far bet?re its neighbors in science
sbou d lu art have been so far behiud
them al), but such was the fact.
Not until after the great tire m London
did the Eng'isb nation seem to take inter
est in architectural beauty. It took tbat
great fire to bril g to light th?- genius nf
Christopher Wren. Tho' long sincn
moulded into dust, while the St. Paul of
London stands, Christopher Wren will
?ive in the lines of that noble structure.
It bas been the boast of this grand old
bounty for years tbat she bas outstripped
ber neighbors, and some even dared to
claim for ber tbe name "banner County,"
and I never could explain why a people
who claimed so much for themselves,
were content to suffer so loug ibe old
building-a fit abode for vermin-to oc
cupy the most conspicuous place in their
chief city. But the laws of evolution are
Inexorable. Tbe fulness of time came,
and cor past chagrin at the appearance of
the old, gives away before our joy and
admiration of tbis beautiful temple of
justice, which stands "a thing of beauty
and a joy forever." There are buildings
more elah rate in design and ornamenta
tion- more artistio in finish, but many of
them represent a useless expenditure ol
money without utility of purpose.
I congratulate th? people of Anderson
in that they had a Board of County Com
missioners worthy of such a building. I
congratulate the Commissioners them
selves, in that they displayed sou d
practical judgment by placiug the con
8truntion in tbe hands of a special com
mittee who nave discharged their duty so
idithtully and economically. They de
serve the tablet placed on the fruit with
their names engraved thereon. That was
no part of the expense of the building,
but a donat'on by the contractors. 1
congratulate the architect, Mr. Mdhurn, i
tbat be had a com mittee capable ??f appre- j
elating his plans and design*, and in th <t.
the contractors, Messrs. K. P Wil iamsA
Co., have pleasantly, from the beginning,
fought to comply with the terms of their
oontract. I am able, of my own perennal
observation from day to dav, as I sr.vr
this structure ri-e, to testify they have all
been faithful and conscientious in the
discbarge of their duties, and deserve th?
applaudit, "Well done, good and faithful
servant."
My judgment for it, you havo a build
ing of which you may all bo justly
proud. It is modern (and has no mort
gwge on it,) tastetul and attractive in do
sign, beautiful for svmmetry, boil out of
first-class mHt^rial from tho first brick to
the final one that, crowns tho tower. It is
of that style of archiiectuiv somewhat of
the composite order- Amerienniz-d.
That is, it has all that is necessary to
innkn it pleasing to tho eye, tasteful ui
ornamentation, ess<mtislly useful and
comfortable. ASK coi/,-fi of this urn nd
old County and < M . I ?rn proud of ii, and
1 pity the man who cannot share tins
pride with me. He must be unr<
ate. I am sure this audience feels
appreciation of this noble workmi
and with grateful hearts we ha
this morning to formally dedica
the administration of justice,
gratti ?ute you that in this service v*
with us one so well qualified by
varied gilts to perform thin s
There is no one, to my kuowledge,
Stale better qualified by educatii
culture, aided by natural ability, I
form this service than the Judg^
first Circuit, Hon. VV. C. Benet, Prf
Judge. He needs no introduction
derson.
Mr. Tribble was followed by
BreaKeale, E-q., who, in deliverii
keys of the now Court House, in be
the Building Committee, to the Pre
Judge, spoke as follows:
May it please your Honor: In
of the County Board of Coramiss
of Anderson county I desire to turi
to you the keys to this building,
by you turned over to the officer v*
law will be the custodian thereof.
The County Board of Commiss
congratulate themselves that thej
been enabled to construct a buildii
equate to the demands of the busin
the county and which affords rcasc
protection to all the records which
be contained within its walls, as v?
one which will assure some accomi
tions to those having business in <
It has long been felt that the old 1
ing which occupied this site was no
inadequate for the transaction o
business of our courts and of the c
ent county officers and for the prote
of the records of the county, but wa
in keeping with the prosperity
dignity of the best county in the ?
The Grand Juries of the county
almost every year, for more thar
years, made recommendations looki
the erection of a new court house
jail, and the County Board of Con
Rioners have several times asked
General Assembly of the State for i
legislation enabling them to provid
means for the building of a new <
house and jail.
rt? Two or three efforts were made t
cure such legislation, but opt until
session of the Legislature in 180<i
such legislation enacted. An Act
then passed levying a tax of one
upon the dollar each year for six yi
the funds raised thereby to be use<
the erection of a court house and
provided the voters of the county v
in favor thereof. This Act was defe
by a vote at an election held at the
lar election in 180(5.
At the session of the General Asset
I of 1897, a similar Act was passed \
the difference that the Act of 1896 <
the discretion to the County Boarc
! Commissioners to build the court ht
on this site or. to exchange it for a ii
suiUole one, while the Act of 189*
quired the County Board of Corni
sioners to build on the same site
limited the amount to be raised to $
OOO. The vote on the last Act wats
favor of the new court house and j
thus showing a preference of the vol
of the county for the present location
By virtue of the said Act the build
committee of the County Board of C<
missioners, elected by said BoarJ ;
consisting of W. P. Snelgrove, Cou
Supervisor as chairman, J. D. Maxw
J. F. Clardy, W". D. Garrison and J.
Jones went to work to secure the er
tion of the court house and jail as c
templated by said Act.
Plans were invited, and the plans s
mitted by Mr. Frank P. Milburn of Ch
lotte, N. C., were selected, and af
duly advertising for bids for the c
strnction of said buildings as per I
plans and specifications, Messrs. K.
Williams & Co. of Augusta, Ga., wt
awarded the contracts.
Mr. Milburn nas not only demonstra!
his competency as an architect, a
shown himself master of every det
connected with the building, but
superintending the erection of the but
inga has shown as much interest in hi
ing the work properly done as the bui
ing committee themselves, and has be
at all times ready and willing to rene
any help to the committee during t
progress of the work.
The committee also desire to say
behalf of the contractors that they ha
done all in their power to comply wi
i the terms of their contract, and ha
done the work well.
The committee were limited under t
! Act to the expenditure of $35,000 for t
court house ana jail, the amount to i
raised by a tax of one mill on the doll
each year until said amount was raise
with the power to borrow the amount
advance of the collection of the tax up<
a pledge of the tax to secure the pa
munt, at a rate of interest not to excet
seven per cent, per annum.
Ono year's tax amounting to aboi
$7,000 has been collected, and the cor
mittee have borrowed from the Sinkic
I Fund Commission of the State $28,0(
under a special Act of the General A
numbly at five per cent, interest.
Notwithstanding the prediction? <
many that the buildings would not t
erected for the amount of money ?utho
ized to be used for that purpose, tli
committee are glad to report that the
have been built for a sum within tb
limit.
Not only have they accomplished thii
but they believe they have the bestcoui
house in the State for tho amount c
money expended, the court house alon
costing about, $28,000. In addition t
this the Committee, through tho accom
modations of the banks of the city, wer
enabled to borrow money only as it wa
needed in the construction of tho build
ings until a special Act of the Legislatur
could be obtained to unable thuin to hoi
row tho remaining amount to bo collect
ed to-wit: ?28,000, from the Sinking Fun?
Commission at the low rato of live pe
cent, pur annum, whereby they were en
abled to save to the county $2,f>0;) in in
terest alouc, being tho amount less tin
county will have to pay in interest thai
they would have had to pay had thu]
borrowed the full amount at first at7 pu
cent. The committee desire to expr?s.1
their thanks to tho bank officials of boll
banks in this city for advancing to thou
the necessary money to carry on tho worl
until they could uffuct a satisfactory loan
The work has required, not only con
siderablo labor on tho part of tho com
mittee, but considerable study of plans
materials and various matters connected
with the construction of tho buildings
It has required their timo and their bust
judgment. How far they have met tin
demands made upon thuin, they leave foi
Hie county whom they have attempted
to serve with thu best of their ability ti;
say.
They believe that they have erected -a
('un' Utilise, of which the people will
b . proud, '?ne that is not only orn nnent
al I ? ; 11 sufficiently commodious for thu
county, ami one that has all ncc dod con
veniences exet-pt a sewer in cunuei.tion
with tho water works, which they
can soon be added.
The County Board of Commissi
in turning over the building for th<
for which it was erected, expr?s
hope that it may ever be in fact as
as in name, a temple of justice;
none but able, learned and conscier
Judges may ever sit on the bench nc
well adorned hy yourself; that the ?
cates who shall plead the cause of
clients here may be actuated by the;
est motive of securing none hut jus
right decrees and verdicts, and that
may ever attempt by their eloquen
"make the wrong appear the better
son, to perplex and dash maturest (
sel;" that the witnesses who shall
testimony on the stand may always
ti fy to the truth, and that the jt
shall be men controlled by a sen
right and with a desire to enforct
right and to punish the wrong, and
all who have business within these -\
know that here law is enforced,
those who are in the right always
vail and that evil doers are always
demned.
May the different county officers
shall occupy the various court oi
be competent and honest and reflect
or upon themselves and the county.
With these expressions for the fu
I take pleasure, sir, in turning ove
your Honor the keys of this building
In accepting the keys, Judge Benel
liver?d the following address:
My Learned Brother : As a memb(
the Judiciary ot South Carolina, I ac
from you the keys of this new ?
House, and I place them in the hanc
the C erk of the Court with the hope,
the assurance, that in bim and bis i
cessors in office this beautiful buik
will always find a careful and watel
custodian.
In due course of official duty it
my good fortune this year to be assig
to hold the Summer Term of the C<
in the Eighth Circuit, and I am tr
grateful that tb us it has fallen to my
tu preside on this auspicious occas:
and to aid in the dedication of this i
temple of justice.
I congratulate the town of Ander
ou having iu the middle of its bandst
public square this noble pile, a perpet
delight Ot Hie eye and a daily objtct ]
e<>ii lu H etiireeture.
I congratulate the County of Anden
on possess!r>g a Court House worthy
the County-a County so long and"
justly ho? ored for her great prosper;
iute.iig-uee aud political power.
1 congratulate the County Sdpervi
and the < minty Board of Commission
? -ii he successful completion of tb
enlightened efforts to provide for th
. uiiiy a Court House not only adequ
to ibo growing needs of this flourish!
County j butin keeping with tbespinl
the cultivated people of this town, wbi
tiools. and stores and banks and pub
buildings and private residences are f
. raiisforming the town of Anderdon ii
. .neol the most beautiful cities of the Sta
A too utilitarian spirit with mistak
views of economy might have content
itself with erecting a bare brick barn,
tour square walls devoid of beauty a
? H various rooms unadorned and unlo^
ly, yet affording ample room and spa
for ihe transaction of all the work prop
to a Court House, and for the pr?servatif
of public records Such Court Hou
buildings are not far to seek in this ?tai
things of ugliness, and eye-sores forev?
lt seems sometimes to be forgotten tb
utility is not the be-all and tbe end-all
bte; that there is room also for beaut
He who makes the cotton boll, in H
wisdom makes also the cotton-blooi
and cotton fields bloom bonnily befo
cotton bales are marketed. Wise it wa
therefore, and well done in tbe Count
So*rd of Commissioners to determii
tbat the new Court House should n
simply be commodious and co even i ei
and suited to the uses for wbiob it wi
intended; but that lt should also 1
pleasant to tbe eye, an ornament co tl
town, "a thing of beauty" and "a joy fo
ever."
Here now it stands, a stately strnotur
beautiful exceedingly, with graceful tm
ret and lofty tower, quaint gable an
antique porch, a building to be proud ol
a building that does honor to its arcbitei
and builder; Co Che brain which conceive
and cbe hand which constructed it.
But while we stand and look and ad
mire, memory cannot refrain from look
ing backward and thinking of the ol
structure that stood where this not
stauds. Unlovely it must have been ii
its youth, unsightly it becams in its agt
The outside view revealed no line o
beauty; the inside view was destitute o
grace. Small, mean and squalid, its da;
was done; it was time that it should b
demolished. And yet its demolitioi
was not without regret. I see before mt
within tb?* bar of this spacious and beauti
ful Court Roora gray-haired counsellor
who must tbiuk oftbat old Court Roon
with sadness and regret. For them how
many hallowed associations clustei
around tbat building whose place knowi
it uo more forever. Shabby were ics pre
cincts and dusty were i Cs purlieus, bul
they cannot forget tbat it was the scene
of their professional triumphs, the arene
of many a hard-fought contest.
And for them the dingy old Cour!
Room is thronged with the shadowy
ghosts of tbe departed, dimly seen in thc
mists of the past. And as figure after
figure appears within that old bar, they
seem to hear once more the souud ol
voices that have long been still. Again
tbe bare discolored walls seem to rever
berate with the eloquence which held the
listening throng in thrall.
In that ghostly company they see sev
eral venerable men who were elevated
from the Anderson Bar to the Judicial
Bench; men whose learning and upright
ness shed lustre on their profession and
did honor to their position. They see
one who graced the Speaker's chair in
Washington aud represeuted his country
abroad HS minister at an imperial court
I hey see others who for their country's
sake left the mimic strifes of the Bar for
the bloody battles of the Civil War, some
of them never to return. Others they
see who lilied up the measure of a law
yer's busy Hie and then rested from their
IHhors
"All all are gone, the old familiar
faces," but the memory of them haunts
the old Court Room, itself now only a
memory.
.There were giants on the earth in
those days,"-meu of great learning, men
of high character, men of great ability,
men who maintained a lofty standard ot
professional conduct. What better dedi
CHtion of this new Court House can be
desired than that the mantles of Ander
son's distinguished deHd should fall upon
tho shoulders of the members of her Bar,
and that they be baptizad with the spirit
of those great departed who fought their
battles and gained their laurels in the
old Court Room, and made their County
f-mous What greater benison could be
pronounced on this new Court Room
than to expross the hope sud belief thar
ibis spacious Bar and tbe-e lofty walls
will be made familiar with the faces and
fie voices nf a sm-cession of emineni
Judges, eloquent advocates, learned
j counsellors, and courteous, honorable
I gentlemen, such as those whoso memon
I hus made sacred that old Court Room
which is now no moro,
i M v brethren of the Bar, ours is a nobb
I profession, second io none in i's i">o >r
' lance to the community at Uige. It is ?
liberal and an honorable profession,
he who would be a worthy member
should be a man of learning and a ma
honor. Influential and important ii
ages and under all forms of governm
the legal profession has more in Hu?
and attains more pow? and import!
under a Democratic form of governn
such as ours. Necessarily from our ra
are chosen all the members of the juc
ary. Our profession has furnished a
jnrily of the Presidents of this countr
very large number of the Senators
members of Congress and State Legi
tures; and a large proportion of the lest
of public opinion have been membei
the Bar.
How important, therefore, it is that
standard of our profession should
kept high as to learning, high aa to he
and integrity and high as to courtesy
It rests largely with the Ba" of a Co
ty whether the County Court House 1
blessing or a burden. A Court He
should represent law and o der,
should be a place for the punisbmen
law-breakers and for the peaceful set
mcnt of disputes between man and ra
The Court should be the refuge of
oppressed, the shield and buckler of
innocent, the champion of the poor s
bim who hath no helper, the d?fende
the widow and the guardian of the fatt
less. It should be in truth and in fai
Temple of Justice. It will be so if
members of the Bar are men of bo:
and integrity, as they should be, in wh
hands are placed in large measure
most important interests of their felic
citizens, affecting their life, liberty ?
property. With such a Bar a Co
House is a centre of beneficent infloei
making itself felt to the utmost bord
of the County-a centre of light s
learning, culture and courtesy, hoi
and integrity.
Much depends also upon the purity
the jury-box and the impartiality
juries. We frequently hear char{
made against the system of trial by ju
and propositions made to amend it
abolish it. In spite of all that I hs
heard and read on this subject and af
many years of observation and expe
ence, I trnst I may be permitted to s
that trial by jury in South Carolina is
no means a failure, but that on the cc
trary the vast majority of cases st
ceed in reaching tho right verdi
Cases occur, no doubt, in which tb(
seems to be a miscarriage of justice. ?
such cases are of rare occurrence.
To secare Rood jaries. let the jury coi
missioners exercise the discretion the h
allows them and place on the jury 1
only men of good character and' intel
gence, discarding the vicious and i
competent and ignorant. Then, with on
good men's names in the jury-box, 1
bad jurors will be drawn out.
I trust that it is not improper that
should refer to the presence of ladies
the Court Room at the opening cere m on
To me it is very gratifying, and emiuen
ly right that they should be here. Tl
C un Room is a public place; trials mu
be had in public, according to the mai
date of our Constitution. And wornt
has an equal right with man toc?me to tl
Court Room and attend ttials of cause
Besides, her presence there, as ever
where else, has a very beneficial erfec
com pel li og even the rudest men toa gen
1er course of conduct, softening the a
parities of the Bar, and causing all to ol
serve a higher standard of dignity an
decorum and courtesy. I trust that wi
man's presence here to-dty is a hspp
augury of the future of this Court- tbi
woman's refining and elevating and so
toning influence will frequently be ei
erted in this beautiful Court Room.
It was meet and right to mark tb
opening of this Court with simple bc
becoming ceremony, lt was meet an
right to invoke the blessing of the Al
mighty, the Judge of all the earth. It 1
meet and right that music's inspirin
sound should be heard on this joyous oe
casion. It ls meet and right that in look
ing forward to the future of Andersoi
County, with which future history thl
Court House will be closely associated
we should also look back and forget no
the memories and examples of our fore
fathers. Is it not also meet and righi
while we are gathered here this morning
to remember two yoong members of th ii
Bar, whose accustomed seats are vacant
because they have, at their country's cal
to arms, left these peaceful scenes, an<
now, at the Camp of Chickamauga, awai
orders to move to the seat of war? Ma]
the gallant Watkins and Grant return t<
their home in honor sud in safety, to re
sume their place at the Bar. wo rt bj
successors of those Anderson lawyers o
former days, who added the honors o
the soldier to the reputation of the law
yer-some of whom I see before me now
It is meet and right to gather together
as we have done this morning, to dedi
cate this new Court House to the higt
and important purposes for which it it
intended. Long may it stand the pride
and ornament of this town and Co un tv,
the embodiment of justice, law and or
der, amid a happy, prosperous and law
abiding people.
In a short but eloquent and impressive
speech G. E. Prince, Esq., presented th?
Criminal Code to Solicitor Ansel, who re
sponded ss follows:
Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen : I ex
press but a faint impression of my feelings on
this occasion when I say that it gives me pleas
ure and satisfaction to take part in these dedi
catory ceremonies, setting apart this Temple of
Justice to the purposes for which it was uuilt.
May juitice ever, and always, be meted out wita
an even hand.
I accept with pleasure the Criminal Code which
has beeu handed me by my distinguished friend
and brother in the law and shall endeavor, as I
have always tried to do, to convict no innocent
man and to let no guilty one escape.
The welfare of every country, and its progress,
depends in a large measure upon the duo and
strict observance of the laws of the land : one
important branch of the law is thu criminal law.
The general nature of crimes and their punish
ment forms in every country the Code of Crim
inal Law. says Mr. Blackstone, more usually
denominated in England the doctrine of the
Heas of the Crown ; so called, because the King,
in whom centres the majesty of the law is sup
posed by tho law to be the person injured by
every infraction of the public rights belonging
to that communitv. and is therefore in all cases
the proper prosecutor for every public offence.
In this country, where we live under a republi
can form of government, we have no King and
hence the State, who is the mother of us all,
takes the place of the King, and she becomes the
prosecutor in every case.
The importance of a ::ull knowledge of this
branch of the law is of ihe utmost importance
to every one, for, as was said by Sir Michael
Foster.'"no rank or elevation in li e, no upright
ness of heart, no prudence or circumspection of
conduct should tempt a man to conclude that he
may not at some time or other be deeply Inter
ested ia these researches."
The first violation of the law that we have any
rccoril of was the eating of the forbidden fruit
by Mother Eve in the Garden of Eden, and the
grave consequences of that broken law are with
us to-day and wilt be so long as time lasts.
The next violation of tho law was the case of
Cain, in the murder of his brother Abel, and
from that day to this, in every land country,
homicides have benn committed, trials have
been had and convictions and punishment have
followed.
During the journey of tho Children of Israel
from the land of Egypt to the land of Canaan,
while encamped at Mt. Sinai, certain laws were
given to Moses by the great Law (?iver of the
universe for the guidance and observance of the
people, which laws have been handed down to
us, which laws are of force to-day in this Chris
tian land. "Thou shalt not kill." "Thou shalt
not steal." "Thou shalt not bear false witness
against thy neighbor." At every term of Court
hore indictments are handed out fora violation
nf these very laws, engrafted as they have been
into mir ernie ol'laws for the protection of society
and for the good of the State.
It was aller tlie Children of Israel had taken
possession nf Canaan that they built for them
selves sK cities <d' U?fhpe,*to either one nf
which the slaver might lleeand he tried. To-day
*<. have iii this place a city of refuge, where ail
ran come to redress t in ir wrongs, and whee all
meet, the rirh and poor, the old ai il young, thc
great and small, upon one common platform.
In taking cognizance of all unlawful acts tbe
law has a double view, says Mr. Blackstone, not
only to redress the party injured, but also to se
cure to the public the benefit of society, by pre
venting or punishing every breach and violation
of these laws ; and the object of punishing of
fenders is to deter others ny dread of bis exam
ple from offending in like way.
Time does not permit rae, in this presence, t?
foilow the history of the criminal law from"
those early days down to the present time, suf
fice it to say that within the pages of thia
Criminal Code will be found many of the defini
tions of crimes that are forbidden by the law?
of this State, which the society of our day bas
thought, in its wisdom, right and proper t*
enact.
I come, therefore, to-day as an humble repre
sentative ol' the maiesty of the law. and als*a?
a representative of the peace and good order
of this enlightened community, and with
pleasure assist ia placing the cap-stone of this
beautiful arch in its proper place. May he wh?
sits on yonder Bench always hold the scales of
Justice with an even hand. Mav he who occu
pies this chair as the prosecuting attorney dis
charge bis every dutv with fidelity, and may th?
jury who sit there always "well and truly try,
and a true verdict render according to the law
and evidence." When this is done then wiH
this be in fact, as it is now in name, a Temple of
Justice.
Next was the presentation of the Bible
to the Clerk of Court, which was done by
J. K. Hood. Esq., most eloquently. In
behalf of the Clerk of Court, E. P. Coch
ran responded in a. few appropriate re
marks.
Tbe presentation of the bailiffs staves
to the Sheriff was made by E. M. Bucker,
Jr,, E-iq., and was responded to hy Col.
R. W. Simpson in behalf of the Sheriff.
The remarks of both these gentlemen
were appropriate and interesting.
Architect Milburn was called upon by
j Chairman Tribble, and he responded ia a
few remarks.
The benediction was pronounced by
Rev. W. f. Capers and the interesting
exercises came to a close. The orchestra
interspersed tbe exercises with some very
i delightful music.
OUR SOLDIER BOYS.
Happenings of Interest to Hone Folk?
Concerning Anderson Volunteers.
CAMP GEO. H. THOMAS,
CHICKAMAUGA, GA., June 22,1898.
There is a dearth of news this week
in camp.
Some new uniforms came in to-day
and also some rubber blankets, which
will probably be distributed to-day or
to-morrow.
Our wagoner, Mr. John Robbins,
has taken charge of his department as
easily and naturally as if he had been
a wagoner for Uncle Sam all his life*.
John is very popular with the boys,
and is even more popular, if such a
thing could be possible, when any of '
the men want to go to town and can
get an opportunity to ride in the big ?
covered wagon.
On Sunday last the members of
Company C enjoyed a picnic spread,
given by Quartermaster Johnson.
Our Regiment now has a quintette,
composed of Messrs. Reid Miller,
tenor; Chas. Gentry, soprano; Chal
mers Hughes, baritone; George Baker
and Joe Trowbridge, bass. They
have a selection of about eight pretty
pieces, and are learning new ones
every day. One of thc pieces they
sing is "Bobby Boker," the latest
war song. They have been invited to
sing this song at a musicale to be
given in Chattanooga on the first of . "
July. "Bobby Boker" was written
in honor of .Gen. Gordon, and is very
popular with the soldiers. This quin
tette is known as Col. Tillman's and
he is very proud of them, and fre
quently takes them on pleasure trips
through the surrounding country.
The members of Company C are
taking a great deal of interest in Y.
M. C. A. work, and they are alway?
to be found in the lead in any work
that will raise camp life to a higher y
moral plane.
Capt. Watkins has fully recovered
from his recent spell of sickness and
was out drilling the Company yester
day.
Mr. Victor Cheshire has given vp
the position of mail carrier so as to
participate in the drills.
? shower bath has been arranged
back of the camp for the soldiers, ant
a crowd can always be found these
enjoying it.
Mr. R. M. Baker, of Anderson, was
in camp Sunday visiting his brother,
Corporal Baker.
Messrs. Carroll Brown and Will
Stringer, of Belton, visited the boya .
in camp Tuesday.
Mr. Ira Giles has been on the sick
list for a few days past, but is now
convalescent.
It seems to be the impression now
that the 1st Regiment S. C. V. will
not move for a month or more, as they
lack a great deal of being fully equipp
ed, and there is so much delay in get
ting the eqipment8 here.
JAS. P. KILLEBREW.
- Several days ago at a negro churok
in Clinton, Zed Coleman shot and kill
ed Wade Williams. It. seems that
Williams bad whipped a brother of
Coleman, who, with a crowd of colored
boys, agreed to thrash Williams at the
first opportunity. But instead Cole
man shot him. He died the next doy.
How's 1 his.
We offer One Hnudred Dollars reward for any
case . f Catarrh that cannot be cured by llalli)
''at:o*rh Cure.
We, th?1! undersigned have known . Cheney
for the ast IS years, and bflieve him perfectly
hntiorahle in all business transactions and finan
cially able to carry out any obngationt made by
their firm.
WKST A TKUAX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, 0.
SVAMUNO. KiNNAf? ?fe MARVIN, vi hoi? salo Drug
gist H, Toledo, 0.
Ila'l's ?. atarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
(ir,elly upon the blond and mucous surfaces o(
the syteni. f>ntiinonials neut free. Price 75o.
per U'iitle Sold by all druggists.

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