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CLINKSCALES & LANGSTON.
ANDERSON, S. C., WEDNESDAY, KEB UT A RY 22. 185M.
YOI j I'M E XXXIY-NO. 85.
ucky Key !
THE fellow who broke our plate glass
show Y/indow with a brick last Wednes
day night didn't have the lucky key, else
you people who now hold keys wouldn't
have a chance to try them on September
2, 1899. The box is somewhat disfigured,
but the money is all 0. K., and if you
want to win?
n or more
We give a key with each dollar's worth
you trade, and then we give you more for
your dollars than any credit Store can
possibly give. Remember?
" WE SELL IT FOR LESS.
THE SPOT CASE CLOTHIERS.
GEN. BUTLER'S VIEWS.
Xot Room for Two Ilaees?Favors
Mr. Wyatt Aikcn, oi Abbeville, last
night sent the Index the following let
ter received bjr him from Gen. M. C.
Butler. Gen. Butler deals with a mnt
ter that in of great interest just at this
time, and his letter is intensely inter
esting both on account of the holdnes?
of the position he takes and the caus
tic manner in which he refers to Sena
tor Tillmau "and others"' for their ut
terances on the same subject. His let
ter is as follows :
EncEriKLii, S. C, Aug. 28.
Dear Wyatt: The newspaper accounts
of the state of afl'airs in Greenwood
county which 1 take to be in the main
correct, portray a condition of affairs
truly deplorable. I am no apologist
for lawlessness at the hands of any
class of people, and offer no excuse for
it iu Greenwood or any other county,
but in order to check it wo must find
the causes that produce lawlessness
and apply an effective remedy, Pub
lic meetings and denunciation will not
cure the disease. *You may plaster
over a sore on the human body and
conceal it for a time, but if the disease
is in the blood it will break out some
where else. A good doctor will strike
at the root of the disease, and eradi
cate it there, while he applies palia
tives on the surface.
So it is with the raco question iu this
country. Poor white men, who have
to "earn their bread by the sweat of
their faces,1' cannot compete with cheap
negro labor. To attempt to do so im
Slies their degradation and ultimate
estruction or expatriation. One race
or the other must go to the wall, and
without any other feelings toward the
nngro race than that of absolute kind
ness and good will, I shall be found on
the Bide of my own race when that
issue is presented, sz it is now, in my
opinion. Two races cannot live to
gether in peace on terms of equal civil
und political rights, and the sooner we
realize that the better it will be for
both races. The gradual and perma
nent separation of the races is the only
solution of the terrible problem. The
bitterness between them is growing
more intense every day and will con
tinue to increase in intensity as time
goes on, unless some practicnl remedy
is applied. Otherwise the day of pain
ful retribution is inevitable, and a train
of calamities are in store for us too
distressing to contemplate. The fate
of the negro is pathetic, pitiable, as
things now are. The fate of the labor
I in g white is worse bo, as he has to com
pete with negro labor.
It is very easy for Tillman and others
to denounce the lawlessness of the
Eoor white man, "the one gaUus, wool
at crowd; the poor farmer boy." Let
Mr. Tillman and those who join him as
the guardians of the negro and present
denunciators of the poor white man,
put themselves i i his place, and walk
between tho plow handles, shove the
plane or wicht the hammer from sunup
to sundown, iu competition with negro
labor, employed at from three to five
dollars a month, a peek of meal and
three pounds of bacon a week. Some
i/L these patriots uo'w jumping ou the !
"one-gallus, Wool-hat crowd" aie and
have been for years living on fat sala
ries, enjoying the cream of the kind, by
the grace of the "one-gallus, wool-hat
crowd." Having reached the top, they
now ?kick down the ladder on which
they roso to wealth and power. Such
sudden conversion to the ways of law
and order make one tired.
L repent, I have no excuse to oiler for
"white capping" or any other form of
outlawry, but sometimes justification,
if not excuse, may be dug up from the
depths of poverty and the hard lines to
which cheap negro labor have plunged
many worthy, poor white men. And
whenever you arraign the accused and
denounced before a white jury tobe
tried for their violent and lawless
effort to break down and drive out the
competition with cheap negro labor,
you will strike a chord of sympathy
running through the hearts of every
member of the panel, for the accused
are of their own race. So we will con
tinue to go through with the farce and
expense of trying to-convict white men
for making raids on negroes. Reverse
the situation and put negroes in the
iury box to try negroes and you would
have the samo result. God Almighty
has implanted in the heart of each race
an ineradicable hatred against the
other, and you can no more expel it by
trials and denunciations and lectures
than you can change the nature or
color of each by a cyclone.
The government of the United States
ought to appropriate a hundred mil
lions of dollars and duplicate as often
as may be necessary, to assist the ne
groes in settling a colony to themselves,
or, what would he almost ns effective,
assist them in moving to the north or
northwest. The government did this
for the Indians because they could not
live in peace with their white neigh
bors. Why not adopt the snme policy
for the colored race? The stupid, un
tenable law on our statute books mak
ing it a penal offence for an emigrant
agent to induce negroes to leave the
State ought to be repealed, and tho
State ought to pay a bonus of so much
a head for every negro who can be in
duced to go. Cheap labor is the curse
of any country. It may enrich a few,
but the great body of the citizenship
cannot emerge from a state of semi
peonage of starvation wages.
The landowners would be better off
if the cheap labor would get out and
make way for an intelligent, thrifty
class of wnite laborers who would in
telligently diversify agiiculture, im
prove the lands and make plenty and
?rosperity where starvation and degra
ation now hold sway.
A temporary inconvenience might
result if the negro should go away, but
the white men of the south would meet
the emergency and solve it with cour
age and intelligence. The terrors
which beset the females of their fami
lies would give place to a feeling of se
curity and composure; society would
adjust itself on lines of safety and en
lightened progress. As it is, young
men are leaving the farms, seeking em
ployment where they avoid competi
tion with cheap labor. Whenever they
find themselves able, heads of families
are moving to towns and villages for
better security to their families, leav
ing the field's to a vicious, ruinous ten
mit By stem, which' kills the laud and j
demoralizes the country.
It behooves young men to look the j
situation squarely in the face. Those '
of us who have passed the meridian of 1
life cannot in the nature of things live :
m sec tu? pud, bill as tor myself I shall !
point out the way as it appears to me, !
ami contribute as best I can to the so
lution of the race (Iuestion on lines ol
humanity and justice. In the discus*
siou there is no room for passion or in- '
temperate language. The wild haran
gues of men who openly advise the
murder of the Tolburts ami keeping
the negro in a state of quasi slavery,
and yet who always manage to get into
a sale place when the ball opens, do- j
serve, the contempt ami execration of
all right-minded men. That is not the
way to bring peace and order in the
country and give the law an opportu
nity to assert itself.
You will naturally ask why not cure
the; vils of cheap negro labor hy ad-,
vancing their wages and lift them up
from their present plane of degrada
tion. The ready answer is found in
the fact that their methods of work,
their habits of life, their lack of intel
ligence and adaptation and thrift in
modern production does not justify it.
This has been tried within my knowl
edge, with disappointment and loss as
The same argument was used on the
Pacific coast during the agitation of
the Chinese labor question with the
You may look at the subject in every
ouo of its possible phases, and come
back to the starting point, that the
negro, endowed as lie is with every
civil and political right that tho law
confers upoi* you and myecli, cannot
and will not live in peace with the
white man, so long as he is in immedi
ate contact with him. It never has
and never can bo done, until the Crea
tor of us all change the natures of us
all. Lynchings, white capping, mob
law, every form of lawlessness, con
stantly menaces society, obstructs pro
gress, and keeps up a state of anxiety
while such contact exists.
M. C. Butler.
? It is said that L. W. Youmans,
of Barnwcll county, will compete with
Senator Tillman in oandidating for
senatorial honors. It is claimed for
him that be is quite popular with the
"wool-hat contingent," whatever that
$100 Reward. $100.
The readers of this paper will be pleased to learn
that there Is at lu\ai one dreaded disease that sci
ence has been ahie to euro in all its stages, and tuet
is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is the only posi
tive cure now known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh belog a constitutional diseaso reqilres a
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is
taken internally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system, thereby de
Htro-ing the foundation of the dUease. and giving
ihe pa'tient strength by building up the constitu
tion and assisting nature in doing Its work. Tbe
proprietors have ?o much faith in its curative
powers, that they offer One Hundred I'ollars for
any case that it falls to cure. Bond for list of tes
Hall's Family Fills are the best.
Law Briefs at 60 cents a Page?Good
Work, Good Paper, Prompt Delivery.
Minutes cheaper. than at any other
house. Catalogues in the best style
If you have printing to do. it will be to
your interest to write to the Press and
Banner, Abbeville, 8. C. tf.
? Charleston is to have a big mod- '
? Several sections of the State were !
visited by a storm last week and inuch j
damage was done.
A rumor is afloat that a northern
syndicate has bought tho Columbia
canal for 81,000,000.
? .State Alliance Lecturer J. I?.
Blake would like to succeed Mr. Lat
iuier in Congress.
? Lewis 1). Howie, who once was
(Merk of the Court at Abbeville, died
at his home near hue West, last week.
? Miss Mary Horsey, living near
Walhalla, eclobrated her MSth birth
day on the 20th inst., having been
born August 20th, 1801. She enjoys
? Abbeville will build a roller mill.
Eight thousand dollars is necessary
for the plant. $-1,000 have already
been subscribed. Another cotton fac
tory is talked of.
? At Oak Grove, Hampton county,
people have found a work that beats
cotton. It is gathering- "dog tongue,
deer tongue or pine barren musk,"
which brings from 1} to 2 cents a
? Gov. McSwccncy has issued a
requisition upon the Governor of
Georgia for Ike Simpson, colored, who
has been, arrested in that State and is
wanted in l'ickens county to answer
a charge of the murder of his brother.
? About two weeks ago a mad dog
made its appearance in the upper part
of llichland county, about ten miles
from the city, lie bit several dogs
and four or five hogs, all of which
have since gone mad. The hogs and
several dogs which showed signs of
hydrophobia have since been killed.
? Frank Bennecke, of Walhalla, fell
from a cliff of rocks forty feet high on
Black Rock mountain. His front
teeth were broken and otherwise
bruised up. His boy comrades came
to town for a conveyance to bring him
in, but he recuperated and was met
pacing into town a wiser boy.
? During the storm on Thursday
a negro woman on the plantation of
T. A. Clarke in Back swamp was kill
ed by lightning. rrSke was sittinglin a
rocking chair in'her house with a baby
in her arms. OThe bolt struck the
house, and threw her from the chair
in which she was sitting, killing her
instantly. The child in her arms was
not hurt in the slightest, and was
picked up by neighbors playing on the
? Ladson, sixteon-ycar-old son of
Mr. and Mrs. 0. I\ Smawlcy, living
near Landrum, was killed by a shifting
freight train. He was walking down
the side track evidently intending t<>
eatcli the passenger train as it was
backing on the side track. The wheels
passed over his legs almost severing
them from his body.
j ? Last week an attempted assault
! was made near Itaruwcll. A negro e n
l gaged in laying rails for the Atlantic
Coast Line pursued a young white gir 1
to her deer. The negro was arrested,
given thirty-four lashes and told to
skip, which he did. Sonic hot heads
were in favor of lynching, but as he
did not accomplish his purpose t he
wiser counsel prevailed.
? At the solicitation of friends and
relatives, supported by numerously
signed petitions, the sentence of A. K.
Fowier, South Carolina's "armless for
ger," has been commuted by Governor
McSwccney from the penitentiary to
the Greenville county chaingang. He
is serving three years' sentence, hav
iug been sent to the penitentiary from
Greenville in February, 181)8.
? Last Saturday there were several
fatalities from lightning on the George
town Railroad. A log train was load
ing when a thunder and hail storm
came up. Lightning struck near the
train and it is .supposed to have run
on the telegraph wires jumping off to
the train. Two negroes who were
I holding on to the chains were instantly
killed, while r half dozen others were
I knocked down.
? A strange incident occurred at the
Wosley Grove church, about seven
miles from Walterboro, Sunday after
noon. The colored congregation being
engaged in its regular Sunday worship,
one of the brethren, John Gadsdes,
was called upon to "lead in i rayer."
In response to the request he began to
pray, but before his supplication was
conclutcd lightning struck him and he
was lifted off the floor in an unconscious
condition and carried home by his
? Last Saturday night while Con
stable Samuel Tobias, of Clarendon
county, was trailing William Dickson,
a notorious horse thief and burgle,
he suddenly met him in the road with
another escaped convict. JBefore he
could use his gun, the constable was
fatally clubbed, his skull being crush
ed. The criminals had just robbed
the Manning depot of a quantity of
goods. They took the constable's
weapons and are still at large.
Philo-Teknon or Baby Powders
Cures the Child and Raves the Parents
Care and Anxiety.
Almost EVERYBODY in this section who has or have had children under their
care has heard of or nsed?
WILHITE'S BABY POWDERS I
They have been nsed in PRIVATE praetice and SOLD over the counter for more than
.FORTY YEARS with the GREATEST SUCCESS.
They cure Cholera Infantum. Diarrho , Dysentery. Cholera Morbus, Colic. Thrush,
Eruptions and Sores on the skin, aids Digestion and regulates the Bowels, Strengthens
the Child and allays IRRITATION and makes TEETHING EASY and not a period of
SUFFERING and DREAD.
The life and health of Children.are dependent upon the constant watchfulness of
loving mothers. Guard carofully, then, the little charges entrusted to your keeping,
and if they are suffering from any of the above DO NOT DELAY. Prompt action
is necessary to protect the health of the Child.
ENTIRELY HARMLESS and the best possible medicine to be given during
TEETHING, which is the most TRYING TUBE of a baby's life.
? PREPARED BY -?
WlLHITE & WILHITE,
OLESALE AND BETAIL DRUGGISTS,