Newspaper Page Text
Killed by 1,700 "V"
AUBURN, N. Y., Oct. 29-At
7.12.30 o'clock this morning Leon
Czolgosz, murderer of President Mc
Kinley, paid the extreme penalty ex
acted by the law for bia crime, He
was shocked to death by seventeen
hundred Volts of electricity. He
vent to the chair in exactly the same
manner in which have the majority
of murderers in this State, showing no
??rtioul?r sigs cf 'sar, but in fact
doing what few of them have done
talking to the witnesses while he was
being strapped in the ohair.
Czolgosz retired last night at 10
o'olook ?nd slept so soundly that when
Warden Mead went to the cell shortly
before 5 o'clock this morning the
guard inside had to shake Czolgosz to
awaken him. He sat upon tho edge
of bis cot and made no reply to the
warden's greeting of "Good morning."
The prison official took from his'
pocket the , death warrant and read it
.slowly and. distinctly to the assassin,
who hardly r?ised his eyes to him
during the perfunctory oeremony.
Juit as the warden stepped away
from the cell door Czolgosz called to
him and said:
"I would like to talk with the su
The warden responded: -
"He will be down presently."
Then the oondemned man rolled
over OP his cot apparently anxious to
At 5.15, however, the guard brought
to him a pair , of dark trousers with
the left leg slit, so as to allow the free
application of the electrode, and a
light gray outing shirt. He was told
to get up and put these on, which he
Contrary to the usual custom he
was given a new pair of shoes. When
dressed he laid down 'on the cot again
and in this attitude the superinten
dent found him at 5.30, when he went
down to Visit him. The superinten
dent stood in front of the steel bars
and when the guard had called .Czol
gosz's attention he said:
"I want to make a statement before
you kill me."
"What do you wish to say, Czol
gosz?" asked the superintendent.
"I want to make it when there are a
lot of people prefect. I want them to
.hear me," said the prisoner.
"Well, you cannot," said the su
"Then I won't talk at all," said the
After the superintendent left the
guards brought Czolgosz's breakfast,
consisting of coffee, toast, eggs and
bacon, and 'ho ate with quite a relish.
While he waa partaking of this the
witnesses were gathering in the office
of Warden Mead and at 7.06 o'olock
the procession passed to the death
chamber, going through tho long south
corridor. - .
In the chamber Electrician Davis
and former Warden Thayer, ot Dap
n cm or a, had arranged the ohair test,
placing a bank of 22 incandescent
lights across the arms and connecting
the electrode wires at either end. The
witnesses were ordered seated and
then the warden addressed them
"You are hero to witness the legal
death of Leon Czolgosz. I desire that
you keep your scats and preserve ab
solute silence io the death- chamber,
no matter what may transpire'. There
are plenty of guards and prison offi
cials to preserve order and to attend,
to the proper details."
The prison physician. Dr. Gerin
and Dr. Carlos P. MacDonald, of New
York, took a position to the left of
the ohair, Warden Mead stood directly
in front and Electrician Davis retired
to the little room containing the elec
trical switchboard. -Thayer gavo the
signal and tho current was turned
through the electric lights, flooding
the chamber with, brilliant light and
dramatically showing the power that
was used to kill the prisoner.
Warden Mead gave thc signal to
have tho prisoner brought in and at
7.10.1-2 o'clock Chief Keeper Tupper
swung open the big steel door leading
to the condemned cells, and as the
steel bars behind which Czolgosz had
been kept wero swung aside two
guards marched the prisoner into the
corridor, two ..thorsfollowing, and tho
chiof keeper walking in front,
Tho guards on cither side of Czol
gosz had hold of his arms, aa if either
to support hi sj or tc? keep him from
making .a demonstration. As be
stepped over the threshold he stum
bled, but they held him . up, and as
they urged him forward toward the
ohair he stumbled again on the little
rubber-covered platform lipon which
the chair rests. I^is hoad vasereot
and with his gray lianne! shirt turned
. back at the neck he looked quito boy
ish. Ho was intensely pale and as he
tried to throw his head back and carry^
himself erect his chin Quivered very*
olts of Electricity.
perceptibly. As he was being seated
he looked about at the assembled wit
nesses with quito a steady stare and
"I killed the President because he
was an enemy of the good people- of
the working people/'
His voice trembled slightly at first,
but gained strength with caoh word,
and as he spoke it was norfeot Ene
"I am not sorry for my crime," ho
said loudly, just as the guard pushed
his head baok on the rubber head-rest
and drew the strap across Iiis fore
head tuju chin. As the pressure on
the straps tightened and bound the
jaw slightly he mumbled:
"I am awfully sorry I could not seo
It was just exactly eleven minutes
past 7 'o'clock when ho crossed the
threshold, but a minute had elapsed
and he had just finished'his last state
ment when the strapping was com
pleted and the guards stepped baok.
Warden Mead raised his hand and at
7.12.30 Electrician Davis turned the
switch that threw 1,700 volts of elec
tricity into the living body.
The rush of the current threw the
body so hard against the straps that
they creaked perceptibly. The hands
clinched Suddenly and the whole atti
tude was one of extreme tenseness.
For forty-five seconds the full current
was kept on, and then slowly the elec
trician threw: the switch baok, reduc
ing the current volt by volt until it
was cut off entirely. Then, just as it
had reached that point, he threw the
lever baok again for two or three seo
onds. The body, whioh had collap
sed as tho current was reduced, stif
fened up again against the straps.
When it was turned off again Dr. Mc
Donald stepped up to the ohair.and
put his hand over the heart. He said
he felt no pulsation, but suggested
that the current be turned on for a
few seconds again. Once more the
body became rigid.
From the time Czolgosz had left his
poll until the full penalty was paid
less than four minutes had elapsed.
The physicians present used the steth
oscope and other tests to determine if
any life remained, and at 7.17 the
warden, raising his hand, announced:
"Gentlemen, the prisoner is dead."
The witnesses filed from the cham
ber, many of them visibly affected,
and the body was taken from the ohair
and laid on the operating table.
The body was placed in a black
stained pine coffin, every portion of
the anatomy being replaced under the
supervision of Dr. Gerin and Warden
Mead. Shortly afterward it was taken
to the prison cemetery and au extra
ordinary precaution taken to com
pletely destroy it. A few days ago
under thc warden's order an experi
ment was made to determine the
power of quicklime in thc destruction
of flesh and bone, whioh was not sat
isfactory. Warden Mead at once eon
i'erred with some of the physicians
present and determined, in conjunc
tion with Superintendent Collins, that
the purpose of the law was the destruc
tion of the body, that.it was not ne
cessary to usc quicklime for that end. !
Accordingly a carboy of acid was
obtained and poured upon the body in
tho collin after it had been lowered
into the grave. Straw was used in
tho four corners bf the grave as the
earth was put in to give vent to such
gases as might form.
It is the belief of the physicians
that the body will be entirely disin
tegrated within twelve hours. Dur
ing that time and as long as deemed
necessary a guard will be kept over
the unmarked grave.
A lengthy report prepared this
afternoon by the autopsy surgeons re
lated entirely to the brain and was of
a highly technical character. After
scientifically describing to the min
utest detail the brain of the dead mur
derer the report conoludos as follows:
-, "No anomalies found. The brain
in general is well developed, sufficient
ly masked with fissures and tho lobes
are in a normal proportion."
. Tho surgeons have not yet..drawn ?
report on what tho autopsy disclosed
as to the other organs.
The Rev. Herrick, chaplain of tho
prison, was in the death chamber
ready for any call that might bo made
for bis services. He was not wanted
by the prisoner, however,' and sat
.quietly in the rear 'of tho chamber
throughout thc oxecutiou.
Tho clothing and personal effects of
the prisoner was burned. under direc
tion of Wardou Mead shortly af ter tho
Prison Superintendent Collins made
the following statomont to tho Asso
"Tho execution was ono of tho most
successful over conducted in tho
State. Kxiraordinary caro had to bc
taken in thc ease, because both.tho
Warden and 1 received hundreds of
threatening letters, many of them as
serting in violent and intemperate
langnage that the prisoner would
never be put in the chair. I have de
cided for the present that we will not
destroy any of the hundreds of letters
written to Czolgosz, the warden and
myself as to the case. Eventually
they will be destroyed, but it has
struck me that perhaps we should
make a list of them, especially of
those letters signed wita full and
proper names, in which condolence
was offered to the prisoner or threats
agaiust us were made. My plan is to
get the addresses of these people and
keep the list for police reference. I
believe that there may come a time
when such a li Rt would be valuable in
running down Anarchists."
E???gi? ie Know Better.
NIAGARA . FALLS, N. Y., October
24.-Mrs. Minnie Edson Taylor, 50
years old went over Niagara Falls on
the Canadian side thia Afternoon and
survived a. feat never before accom
plished, and indeed never attempted,
except in the commission of suicide.
She made the trip in a barrel. Not
only did she survive, but she escaped
without a broken bone, her only ap
parent injuries being a s?alp wound
one and a half inches long, a slight
concussion of the brain, some shock
to her nervous system and bruises
about the body. She was conscious
when taken out of the barrel. The
doctors in attendance upon her to
night said that, though she was some
what hysterical, her oondition is not
at all serious and that she probably
will be out of bed within a few days.
Mrs. Taylor's trip covered a mile
ride through the Canadian rapids be
fore she reached the brink of the
precipice. Her barrel was twirled
? and - toppled and buffeted through
( these waters, but escaped serious con
? tact with rooks. As it passed through
the smoother, swifter waters that
rushed over into the abyss it rode in
an almost perpendicular position with
its upper half out of tho water. Over
tho brink it rode at an angle of about
45 degrees on the outer surface of the
deluge and descended to thc white
foaming waters, 158 feet below.
True io her calculations the anvil
fastened to the bottom of the barrel
kept it foot downward and so it land
ed. The ride through the rapids oc
cupied eighteen minutes. The barrel
could not be seen as it struck the
water below, because of the spray,
but in less than half a minute after it
passed over tho brink it was seen on
the surface of the scum-covered water
below the falls. It was carried swift
ly down to the Maid of the Mist Land
ing, caught in an eddy, and held there
until it floated so dose to the shore
that it was reached by means of a pole
and hook, and drawn in upon thc
rocks. Ten minutes later the wo
man was lifted from the barrel and
half an hour later, sho lay on a cot at
her boarding place OB 1st street, in
Niagara Falls, on the American side.
She thanked God she was alive, thank
ed all who had helped her in any way,
said she would never do it again, but
she was not sorry she had doue it "if
it would help her financially!"
She said she had prayed all during
the trip, except during "a few mo
ments of unconsciousness just after
The barrel in which Mrs. Tayioi
made the journey is four and a hali
feet high, and about three feet in
diameter. A leather harness and
cushions iusido protected her body.
Air was secured through a rubbei
tube connected with a small opening
near the top of tho" barrel.
Mrs. Taylor ia a school teacher and
recently came here from Bay CUy,
- The Hov. Eugeno Harrelson,
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, at Madisonvilie, Ky.,
was aroused the other night by re
peated efforts to enter his house,
Hearing Hom? tine ut the kitchen door,
he opened it and fired into the dark
ness. Some "oe ran and the ininistei
returned tn bed. Next morning he
found Jim Lewis, colored, lying neat
the door shot through the heart; Ile
was in his smoking feet and had evi
dently planned burglary.
Bill Morris,- the negro who re
cently assaulted . Mr?. John Ball in
Louisiana wan humed ut thc stake.
- A marriage license was taken
out at Portland, Maine, last week, by
Joseph Tibon, ?ge. 8b*, towed Caro;
line Griswald. age 82.
- The pension roll still carries foui
widows of soldiers who fought in the
"let the GOLD DUST twins do your work.'*
Insfmad of moap
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY. Chicana.
A Dam of Pure Soda. t
Probably few people ever heard of a s
soda dam, but such a freak of nature d
really exists in an"unfrequented part t
of the great West, says the Washing- x
ton Star. A. O. Wright, of the In- i
dian tserviee, who travels extensively s
through the section of tho country
west of tho Missouri River, in speak- t
ing of strange things he has encoun- t
tered in his tours, alluded, to thc soda 1
dam. Asked what he meant by a i
soda dam he said: <
"In Box canon, just above the hot '
springs of the Jnmez River, Arizona, , <
is a dam extending from one wall of 1
the gorge to the other. This dam is |
nothing more nor less than a massive '
dam of pure soda, rising to a height
of 100 feet, and probably 600 feet
from end tn #?nd. Nature's forces,
of course, started their work of con
struction away back in tho dim and
distant past, when deposits of soda
contained in the water thrown off by
the springs were made at thc base of
what has since developed into one of
the natural wonders of the West.
Those deposits must have been made
with remarkable rapidity.
"Just ten years ago the Jamez i
River rose to an unprecedented
height, and under tho abnormal pres
sure of the torrent a lower section
bf thc dam gave way, leaving a breach
in thc wall of soda about twenty feet
high. When the water subsided the
lake formed by the dam was, Of course,
destroyed, leaving the upper eighty
feet of the dam high and dry.
"I passed through that section of
Arizona last summer and purposely
visitd tho soda dam. I was most as
ooished to soo that the twenty-foot
ranch had boon nearly filled in. Tho
oda from tho springs had made fresh
eposits and gradually patched up the
ole made in 1890. At the prosent
ato tho breach will be entirely closed
a another year and the lake will as
ume its former proportions.
"Previous tb the break in tho dam
he lake above was fully 600 feot wide j
nd extended up the oanon for at least
hree-quarters of a mile. Scientists
rho have examined thc dam are of
he opinion that it will nover attain a
leight much above 100 feet, for thc
eposits ic the water seem to sink in
hat great depth before the brink is
cached. As they fall, however, they
rill tend to strengthen the base of
he dam and will gradually decrease
he depth of the lake at its lower end."
Found in a Bible.
The following story is being told in !
lani burg about a most welcome find
rt money in a Bible, writes our Jicrlin
correspondent. A business mao, with
i large growing family, began to find
limself in serious monetary troubles.
Mis wife fell ill, and the doctor sent
n a very long bill, which he wis una
ble to pay. Tho debtor in his d'?stress
made up his mind to sell th" family
Bible. On turning over tho leaves
before taking it out of the house ho
found a soalcd lotter inscribed with
the words, "To thc finder." Ile open
ed it and found the following letter
"In tho sure knowledge that man
does not turn to his Bible to read tho
word of God until he is in tho greatest
distress, I have placed ?100 in notes
between pages 141 and 142. Ham
burg, 17, 1879."-London E press.
EVERY WOMAN !
Housekeepers, wives, mothers, every woman
who has the care of a family or household,
has at one time or another spells of backache,
nervous weakness, sick headache and dis
orders in the digestion, caused as a rule by
domestic worry, overwork, irregular meals or
habituel constip?t'*- a. To all women who
suffer in this way, we say :
Prickly Ash Bitters
.... IT CURES.
It performs a marvelous transformation. The
tired, weak, despondent, pale and bloodless
victim is soon a strong, bright, happy woman,
with rosy cheeks and cheerful spirits.
Prickly Ash Bitters is sot a disagreeable, borah
acting medicine as the name might indicate, lt
is pleasant to the taste, mik! yet powerful ia
its cleansing and regulating influence la the
Druggists sell it-Price, $1.00
FRED G. BROWN,
Pres. and Treat*.
FRANK A. BURBIDGE,
bu pur i o tend ont.
R. E. BURRItS,
ANDERSON FERTILIZER COMPANY,
- MANUFACTURERS OF -
All Grades Fertilizers, Acid Phosphates,
- AND IMPORTERS OF -
German Kainit, Muriate of Potash and Nitrate of Soda.
Wo uso Tennessee Rock, which runs higher in Bone Phosphate
than any other Rock in the Country.
WHEAT GROWERS, TAKE NOTICE !
And Enter your nama for the following Prizes :
]PIr?t Prize Oil'er.
First best yield on Six Acres of Wheat
One Farmer's Favorite Grain Drill, worth $70.00.
Second best yield on Si* Acres of Wheat
Ono Ton Standard Guano, 8-2 l-l.
Thi.d best yield on Six Acres of Wheat
Half Ton Standard Blnod Guano. o~2 \ - 1.
First best yield on Three Acres of Wheat-.
Ono Ton High Grade Super-Phos., 10 per cent Ava.
Second best yield on Three Acres of Wheat
Half Ton High Grado Super-Phos., 10 per cent Ava.
Third best yield on Three Acres of Whoa? -
' Half Ton High Grade Super-Phos., 10 per cent Ava.
Tl?ii-<? ??ri25? Oil'er.
First best yield One Acre of Wheat-One Ton High Grade 10-2 Acid Phos.
Second best yield One Acre of Wheat-Half Tou High Grade 10-2 Aoid Phos.
Third best yield Ono Acre of Wheat-Half Tou High Grade 10-2 Acid Phos.
The following terms must be oomplicd with by those entering contest :
1st. You must fill out the blank hereto attached, sign your name, and cut
out this advertisement in full and return to us.
2nd. You aro to ohoose one disinterested neighbor, we are too choose one,
aud tho two are to choose a third. You will enter the name of your represen
tativo in tho blank space found below.
3d. Tho threo men named will ant in thc capacity of judges, measure the
land designated by you, which must be in ono body, seo that nothing but the
Brands of the Anderson Fertilizer Company are applied for fertilizing, and
finally to measure tho wheat when threshed, plaoo the result in a sealed en
velope and mail to us.
4lh. Nono other than the products of the Anderson Fertilizer Company
sh*ll be used by those entering this contest on-land designated.
5th. All contestants must fill out and sign this advertisement, and return
to this office before the first day of December, 1001.
0th. Each winner of a prize is required to write out in detail how the re
sult was obtained by telling u^ how the land was prepared, with what imple
.ments, how much fertilizer* and grade were applied to the acre, what crop
grown on tho land previous to sowing the wheat, when planted, and anything
of interest that will show the best method to produce wheat in this State.
..s. c.,.:...:. mn.
Anderson Fertilizer Uo., Anderson, S. C. ,
Gentlemen : T wili enter tho contest for one pf the three prizes offered by
you for the best yield ir bushels'threshed from.acres of wheat ns
p?r terms set forth in your advertisement hereto attached. I name .
. . as my representative.
(Sign herc) ..
Hil,. Tho three judges of eaoh contestant should be his neighbor.-. State
in blauk space left for same, whether you am contesting for the Six Acre or
Three Acre or One Acre Prize. After all results have been received by us wo
will name a day, not later than August 1st, 1002, to compare results, in tho
presence of such contestants nt. msy bo here, and award the prizes.
Yours truly, ANDERSON FERTILIZER CO.
ASTHMA CURE FREE.
Asthmalene Brings Instant Relief and Permanent
Cure in All Gases !
Sent absolutely Free un receipt
of Postal-Write your Name and Address Plainly
There is nothing like Asthmalene. It
brings instant relief, even in the worst
cases. It cures when all else fails.
Thc Rev. C. P. WELLS, of Villa Ridge,
111., says : "Your trial bottle of Asthma
leno received in good condition. I cannot
tell you how thankful I feel for the good
derived from it. I was a slave, chained
with putrid sore throat and Asthma for ten
years. I despaired of ever being cured. I
3aw your advertisement for tho cure of this
dreadful and tormenting disease, Asthma,
and thought you had over-spoken your
selves, but resolved to give it a trial. To
my astonishment the trial acted like a
charm. Send mc a fuil-size bottle."
Rev. Dr. Morris Wechsler,
Rabbi of the Cong. Bnai Israel,
NEW YORK, Jan. 3, 1901.
Dits. TAFT Baos'. MEDICINE CO.
Gentlemen : Your Asihmaleno is an ex
cellent remedy for Asthma and Hay Fever,
and its composition alleviates all troubles
which combino with Asthma. Its success
is astonishing and wonderful. After hav
ing it carefully analyzed we can state that Asthmalene contains no opium,
morphine, chloroform or ether. Very truly yours,
REV. ER. MORRIS WECHSLER.
AVON SPRINGS, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1901.
DH. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE CO.-Gentlemen : I write this testimonial from
a senso of duty, having tested tho wonderful effect of your Asthmalene foi the
cure of Asthma. My wifo hus been afflioted with spasmodic asthma for the .
past 12 years. Having exhausted my own skill as well as many others, I
chanced to 6ee your sign upon your windows on 130th street, N. Y., I at once
obtained a bottle of Asthmalene. My wife commenced taking it about the
first of November. I very soon noticed a radical improvement. After using
one bottle her Asthma has disappeared and she is entirely free from all symp
toms. I feel that I can consistently recommend tho medicine to all who arc
afflicted with this distressing disease. Yours respectfully,
- O. D. PHELPS, M. D.
DR. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE Co.-Gentlemen : I was troubled with Asthma
for 22 years. I have tried numerous remedies but they havo oil failed. I ran
across your advertisement and started with a trial bottle. I found relief ot
once I have since purchased your full-size bottle, and ? am ever grateful. I
h-vc family of four children, and for six 5 cars was unable to work. I am now
in tho best of health and am doing business every day. This testimony you
can make suoh usc of as you see fit. Home address 235 Rivington street.
Feb. 5, 1901. S. RAPHAEL, 67 East 129th st., New York City.
Trial bottle sent absolutely free on receipt of postal. Do not delay. Write
at once, addressing DR. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE CO., 79 East 130th St.,
N. Y. City. KaT Sold by all Druggists. Sept. 4-6m
Should See Us before Making their Purchases !
AH wo CAII *how you G UL AT BARGAINS In all kinds NEW STAPLE DRY GOODS, such as Prints,
tiloghains, Bleacnings, Outings, Woratids, Flannel:', Joniu, Cheeki, Shooting and Di ill J.
Wo aro allowing great vaincu in Fants and Hats.
Wo havo fi great lino of Men's, Women's and Children's Shoes. Our entire lino of Shoe? aro iplen
did values, but wo havo some exceptional bargains In Shoes just now. Wo havo for n long while eujoy
td tho distinction of giving better values in Shots than any other Firm in this section, but wo can
i ow eclipso all former records, and feel euro our prices on Shoes this Full entitle ?is to tho biggest Shoo
trade in our history. F
Wo propose enlarging mightily In our Grocery Department, und load tho procession further than
over on good (tonds and Low Prices, so if y?m uiwBys want your money's worth of Flour, Bacon, Lard,
Mugar, Cottee, Mol nanea. Tobacco, Rice, Flour, or anything elso in tho Grocery Uno, seo us and you will
Whilo we dou't claim to bo Wholsalo people yet wo can give out-of-town Merchants a? low prices
on most thlnga they 1 .indio os any ono. nnd you might tind aomo things n ahnde cheaper than at some
houses that mako great pretensions. Give tis a trial and seo.
TO THOSE WHO OWE US, either Noto or Account, .0 Inalat ou a prompt end early settlement.
Wo appr?ci?t o your trade, and giro you oloao prices, and now is thu tlroo for you to pay us. Wo can't
afford to do business with people who aro slow to pay, for our prouts don't justify it.
t@r Between Masonic Temple and the Peoples Bank.
Send us your orders for . . .
A Well Jr'urnisbad Home
Io not necessarily au expensively
lumished one, as ut TOLLY'S hand
some, even sumptuous, FURNITURE
is procurable without great outlay
Not that we deal in knocked-together
raade-to-sell sort, but because we are
content with a reasonable profit on
really good articles of Furniture
Our best witness is the Goods them
G. F. TOLLY & SON,
The Old Reliable Furniture Dealers, Depot St., Anderson, 8. C.
- g g
OATS, OATS, AND RICE FLOUR.
WE ARE HEADQUARTERS for all KINDS of GRAIN.
Three Thousand Bushels of TEXAS RED RUST PROOF OATS
One Car of tnat famgus HENRY OAT (or Winter Grazing Ont.) Tho
only Oat that will positively stand any kind oi* weather.
Have just received Two Cars of fine FEED O A.TS at lowest prices
Have just received Three Cars pf RICE FLOUR for fattening your
hogs, and it comes much cheaper than any other feed anti is much better.
O. D. ANDERSON & BRO.