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Xjee?s Sagacity Saved I
Charles Francis Adan
The following article is an extract
from a paper read by Mr. Adams be
fore the American Antiquarian Socie
ty. It sheds entirely new light on the
character of Robert E. Lee as the sa
vior of his country, and is of vast his
Thc j resent seems to me a sufficient
ly proper occasion, and this a g.1
place, to call attention to a matter not
otherwise than germane to the purpose
"r . u: . . . II:.....:, I :.. :. ..
Lino butiui) i ftiintOriCai III ita
character, it conveys a lesson of grave
import. One of the most unhappy,
and, to those concerned in it, disas
trous wars ol' the century is that now
in South Africa dragging itself out to
a conclusion apparently ?still remote;
and, iu every way, unsatisfactory.
There is a good reason to believe that
the conflict was unnecessary in its in
ception; that by judicious action, it
might have long since have been
brought to a close; and, finally, that
it is now continued simply because
the parties to it canuot be brought to
gether to discuss and arrive at a
sentible basis of adjustment-a basis
from which both are in reality ready to
My purpose, however, is to draw at
tention to the hair-breadth escape we
ourselves had from a similar experi
ence uow thirty feix years ago, and to
assign to whom it belong., thc credit
of that escape. In one word, in the
, strong light of passing events I think
it now opportune to set forth the debt
. : gratitude this reunited country of
ours-union and confederate, uorth
and south-owes to Robert K. Leo, of
Virginia. Most of those here-for
this is not a budy of youug men-re
member the Mate of affairs which ex
isted in the United States, especially
in what was then kuown as the Con
federate States, or tho rebellious por
tion of the United States, in April,
18Gf). Sueh as are not yet as mature
as that memory itu plies, have read and
heard thereof. It was in every re
spect ulmoht the identical Mate of af
faira which existed in South Africa at
the time of the capture of Pretoria by
General Roberts iu June a year ago.
On tbe 2nd of April, 1865, ihe con
federate commander found himself
compelled to evacuate his lines be
tween Richmond and Petersburg, and
our forces at last entered the Confed
erate capital. Four days later the
army of northern Virginia was practi
cally surrounded and overtures look
ing to capitulation passed between
General Graut and General Lee. On
?he famous Sunday preceding Jeffer
son Davis, hastily called from the
ohurch service he was attending, left
Richmond on his way to Danville.
Il is unnecessary for me even to re
fer to the scries of evcntB which fol
lowed the abandonment of Richmond
and preceded the surrender at Appo
mattox. It is sufficient to say that
tho capitulation of the army of north
ern Virginia had become inevitable.
Not the less for that, the course
thereafter to be pursued as concerned
further resistance on the part of the
Confederacy was still to be deoided.
lt ia well known that, in the face of
disaster, Jefferson Davis had not for
an instant given np tho thought of
continuing tbe struggle. To do so
was ce; "inly practicable Foreign
opinion, for instance, on this point
was souled; it was assumed a* a oer
. taioty of the future that the oonquest
of the Confederacy was impossible.
The English journals had always
maintained, and still did maintain,
that the defeat of Lee io the Seid, or
even the surrender of all the Confed
erate armies would be but the close of
one phase of the war and the opening
of another phase-the final phase
being a long, fruitless effort to subdue
a united people in a region so vast
that it would be impossible to pene
trate every portion of it much lets
hold it in subjection. As au histori
cal fact, tho scales on the 9th of
April, 1865, hung wavering iu the
balance; a mere turn of thu hand
would decide which way they Vero to
incline. Thus, on the morning of
that momentous day, it w.-s an abso
lutely open question, ac even chance,
whether the course which was actual
ly pursued should oe pursued, or
whether the leaders of the Confeder
acy would adopt the policy which
President Kruger and Generals Botha
and DeWet have in South Africa more
reoently adopted, and are now follow
The decision rested in the hands of
one man-tho commander of the army
of northern Virginia. Fairly reliable
and very graphic aeeounts of what
took placo at General Lee's headquar
\ ter* in the early morning hours of
Vtuui day have either appeared in print
br betti told in conversation, and to
. two of these acoounta I propose to
call attention. . Apparently the seo
Ond of these interviews described fol
lowed uloae OA the first, not more than
dation. Prom Gruerrilla
tx, in Thc Sunny South,
a couple of hour.s intervening between
them. Of the first, I find this ac
count in a book recently published by
John Sargent Wisc, entitled "The End
of an Kra." John Sargent Wise ?s ti*e
son of Henry A. Wise, once promincn.
io our national politics.
Governor of Virginia in the latter
'"fifties," he was subsequently a brig
adier general in the Confederate ser
vice. Though in l<S(jj but a youth of
H), John S. Wisc was a hot Confeder
ate, and had already been wounded in
battle. At the time now in question
he chanced to have been sent by Jeff
erson Davis, then on his way from
Hieb mond to Danville, with despatch
es to Lee; and, while seeking Lee's
headquarters, be caine, in the early
morning of April i>, across his father,
Governor and General Wise, in biv
ouac with his brigade. Tho father
was then nearly GO years of age, but
the t-on found him lying on the ground
asleep among his men. A typical
Southern "fire-eater" of the extreme
type, Henry A. Wise waB au out and
out Secessionist and Confederate.
Aroused by his son from his uneasy
slumber, almost tho first wish he ex
pressed was to seo General Loo, and
ho inquired impetuously of his where
abouts. The son ?new where the
Confederate headquarters wore, and
the two started together to go to them.
John S. Wise haB described vividly
the aspect of affairs as they passed
along. "The roads and fields were
filled with stragglers. They moved
looking behind them, as if they ex
pected to be attacked and harried by
| a pursuing foo. Demoralization, pan
ic, abandonment of all hope appeared
on every baud. Wagons were rolling
along without any order or system.
Caissons and limber chests, without
commanding officers, seemed to be
i floating aimlessly upon a tide of disor
ganization. Hising to his full height,
casting a glance around him like
that of au eaglp, and sweeping tho ho
rizon with his long armand bony fore
finger, my father exclaimed: 'This is
the end.' It is impossible to convey
an idea of the agony and the bitter
ness of his words audgosture9." Then
follows a description of the interview
"We found General Lee on the rear
portico of the house that I have men
tioned. He had washed his faoe in a
tin basin and stood drying his beard
with a coarse towel as we approached.
'General Lee," exclaimed my father,
"my poor, brave men are lying on
yonder hill more dead than alive. For
more thau a week they have been
fighting day and night without food,
aud, hy God, ?ir, they shall not move
another step until somebody gives
them something to eat.'
" 'Come in, general,' said General
Lee, soothingly. 'They deserve
something to eat, and shall have it;
and meanwhile you shalt share my
breakfast.' Ile disarmed everything
like defiance by his frankness.
"It was but a few moments, howev
er, before my father launched forth in
a fresh denunciation of tho couduot of
Geueral Buthrod Johnson in the en
gagement ot the Gth. I am satisfied
that General Lee felt as he did; but.,
assuming an air of mock severity, he
said, 'General, are you aware that you
are liable to court martial and execu
tion for insubordination and disre
spect toward vour commanding offi
"My father looked at him with lift
ed eyebrow and flashing eyes and ex
claimed: 'Shot! You can't afford-lo
shoot the men who fight for cursing
those who ran away. Shot! I wish
you would shoot me. If you don't
some Yankee probably will within the
next twenty-four hours.'
"Growing more serious, General Lee
inquired what be thought of the situ
'Situation?' said the bold old man,
'There is is no situation! Nothing
remains, General Lee, but to put your
poor men on your poor mules and send
them heme in time for spring plowing.
This army is hopelessly whipped and
is fast becoming demoralized. These
men have already endured more than
fles>b and blood could stand, and I say
to you, sir, emphatically, that to pro
long the struggle is murder, and the
blood of every man who is killed from
this time forth is on your h*ad, Geu
^'Thi* last expression seemed to
cause General Lee great pain. With
a gesture of remonstrance, and oven
of impatience, he protested: 'Oh,
general, do not talk so wildly. My
burdens are heavy enough. What
would the country think of me if I did
what you suggest?'
11 'Country be d-ni' was the quick
reply. 'There is no country. There
has been no couo try. general, for a y cai
I or more. You are thc country of these
I men. They have fought for you; shiv
j eyed through a long winter for rrou
II Without pay or clothes, or eire of anj
?ort, their devotion for you and faith
in you have hoon the only things
which have held this army together.
If you detnaod the sacrifice, there are
still left thousands of us who will die
for you. You know thc- game is des
perate beyond redemption and that, if
you so announce, no man or govern
ment or people will gainsay your word.
That is why I repeat that the blood of
any man killed hereafter be upon your
"General Lee stood for some time
at an open window, looking out at the
throng nov/ surging upon the roads
and in ?he fields, and made no re
"It will be remembered that John Sar
gent Wise was individually present at
this conversation, a youth of 19. I
have as little respect as any one well
can have for the recollection of thirty
years siuce as a basis of history.
Nevertheless, it would seem quite out
of the question that a youth of ouiy
ll) could have been present at such a
scene as is here described, and that
the words which then passed, and the
incidents which occurred, ?huuld not
have been iudelibly imprinted upon
hio memory. I am disposed, therefore,
to cousider this reliable historical ma
"Meanwhile, it so chances that I
am able to supplement it by similar,
as yet unpublished, testimony from
another quarter. Some yea.s ago I
was closely associated with General
E. 1'. Alexander, who had been chief
of artillery in Longstreet's famous
corps, and who, in April, 1865, was,
if my recollection is correct, chief of
artillery of the army of northern Vir
ginia. It was General Alexander who,
in 1863, fought with General Hunt,
of the army of the Potomac, the fa
mous artillery duel which preceded on
on the 2ud of July the memorable
charge of Pickett's division at Get
tysburg. In tho course of many con
versations with General Alexander,
whose memory, singularly accurate as
well as tenacious, wt * also supported
by memorauda taken at the time, he
more than euee gave me au account,
of which I retain the freshest possible
reoollection, of an ioterview whioh
followed close upon that with General
Wise at General Lee's headquarters.
General Wise evidently baw Lee at an
carly hour on April 9. That same
morning General Ab-xuuder had occa
sion to report to Lee. He knew that
the army ut' northern Virginia was in
a deplorable situation. Moreover, as
he well knew, the limber-chests were
running low; his urtu of the service
was in no condition to go into another
engagement. Yet the idea of an
abandonment of the cause bad never
ooourred to him as among the proba
bilities AU night he had lain a /ake,
thinking as to what was next to be
"Finally he had come to the conclu
sion that there was but one course to
pursue. The army of northern Vir
ginia, while nominally capitulating,
must in reality disperse, and those
composing it should be instructed,
whether individually or as part of de
tachments, to get to his own State in
the most direct way aud shortest pos
sible time, aud report to the governor
thereof, with a view to a further and
"Thus, exactly what is now taking
place in South Africa was to take
place in the Confederacy. General
Alexauder told me that, as he passed
his batteries ou his way to headquar
ters, the mon called out to him that
there were still some rounds remain
ing in the caissons, and that they
were ready to renew the tight. Riding
rapidly to his destination, General
Alexander found Lee seated on the
trunk ?f a fallen tree before a dying
campfire. He wasdre?r>?d iu uniform.
Full of the idea whioh dominated his
mind, Alexander said that he sprang
il cm's Cry
Pierces the mother's heart like a sword.
Often the .mother who would do every
thing for the little one she loves, is ut
terly impotent to help and finds no
help in physicians. That was the case
with Mrs. Duncan, whose little one was
almost blind with
was led to nse Dr.
ery and so cured
the child without
resorting to a
The gr?iat blood
ties of Dr. Pierce's
, been proved over
and over again in
cases of sc-of ula,
eczema, en ? ti on s
and other diseases which are caused by
an impure condition of the blood. It
entirely eradicates the poisons which
feed disease, and builds up the body
with sound, healthy flesh.
"My llttl* daughter became afflicted with
scrofula, wlikh affected her eyes,'' write* Mrs,
Ague* L Duncan, of Mansfield. Sebastian Co.,
Ark. "She could not bear the light for o Ter a
year. We tried to cure.her eyes, but nothing
did any good. We had our home physician aud
he advised us to take ber to an oculist, as her
eyelids would have to be 'scraped.* They had
become so thick he thought she would never
recover her, sight. As there was no one else to
whom we could apply my heart sank within
me. ! went to your "'Common Sense Medical
Adviser,' read your treatment on scrofula, cet
tine the properties of medicines there advised,
^itb. f.va bottles of ' Golden Medical Diccsrery '
I have entirety cared my child.
? Hoping this will be of some use to you and
a blessing to other sufferers, with heartfelt
th?.aka, I remain.**
. Doctor Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are
an excellent laxative for children.
They are easy to take ?nd thorough
from his horse, and, advancing to j
Lee, knelt dowu beside him, leaning
against the log on which he was seat
ed, and began almost st once to pro
pound his plas, for it seemed to him
thc only plan worthy of consideration.
AB he went on General Lee, looking
steadily into the fire with an abstract
ed ail, listened patiently. Alexander
said his full say. A brief pause en
sued, which Lee finally broke in some
what these words: "No! General Alex
ander, that will not do. You must
remember that we are a Christian peo
ple. We have fought this fight as
long and as well as we know how. We
have been defeated. For us as a
Christian people there is now but one
course to pursue. We must accept
the situation; these men must go
home and plant a crop, and we must
proceed to build up our country on a
new basis. Wt cannot have recourse
to the methods you suggest.' I re
member being deeply impressed with
\lexander's comment, as he repeated
these words of Lee. They had evi
ently burned themselves into his
memory. He said: *I had nothing
more to say. I felt that the man had
soared away up above me-he domina
ted me completely. I rose from be
ide bim; silently mounted my horse,
rodo back to my command, and waited
for the order to surrender.
Then and there Lee decided its
course for the Confederacy. And I
take it there is not one solitary man
n the United Slates, North or South,
who does not feel that he decided
m i - -
How the Boys Got Fresh Meat In Camp.
Talk about olose calls, I will endea
vor to tell of one and of a display of
generalship in winter quarters at
Fredericksburg, Ya. Fresh meat was
very scarce, and we were very anxious
to procure some; so we held a council
of war io our tent to devise some
means by which we might be able to
havo the article above named. The
only way we could devise was to go
after it. So two of the mess, Billie
and Perry, ventured out one night,
and after a long journey in the coun
try returned late in the night with a
tub of very fine beef, which was placed
in the tent. Arising next morning
with rabid appetites, as nothing but
soldiers can have, we prepared our
selves for a feust.
But lookl What is the matter in
camp? We see a provost cruard pass
ing through the different streets of
our camp, led by an old citizen. I
gave the larm. Up, boys! No time
to lose. What shall we do with this
tub of beef? They are advanoing
upon us! Here they oome, searching
every tent. Steady boys; keepoool!
Thetford gives orders; eaoh man
obeys. Steady, men, they are still cd
vr.noing. Perry, take your position
on outside of tent. Thetford and
Mao, take .your positions at the tub of
meat. Orderly, you take your posi
tion at the entranoe of the tent. Keep
cool, which was not hard to do, as
there was plenty of snow on the
ground; but I didn't feel the cold
much. Just at this timo they are ad
vanoing down one street, first one side,
theo on the other side, entering every
teat. Attention, men! Every san
to his plaoe. Now, orderly, when they
pass by the rear of the tent raise your
Slightly Disfigured b
YES, we have dh-fiurc-d the Hayes
but still have Hume Bargains left in
Shoes, Huts, Paist* and
I am adding on a Btock of
Try a Barrel of Bromford. Clifton or 8
pleased. White Wine Vinegar 2?c. pe
Trade at the
ANYBODY that watches the ci
sold. Watch the bees and you will fin*
dous stacks of Goods daily piled at DE
to prove that the people know where to
They buy BAGGING and 1
does, and for the same reason they buy
BARLEY, that havn't got a particle of
They just know that DEAN & I
lowest, and the quality of thur Goods i
They believe that, no matter hov
get, they will handle their orders just i
had. That's what makes DEAN & B
in trade circles, aud the high-cock-a-lor
y They've staked their reputation <
declare they've got the neatest, newest,
ried in stock. Their Ladies' Shoes pro
give you one of those regular "old shot
Common, ordinary H ATS look
just opened up.
There's only one place to buy good
RATL?FFE'8, and the best Flour
DEAN'S PATENT, and don't yow foi
DEAN & I
MT* Tho Store where people trade, ant
are now being sold. Hurry tip t
band. Thetford and Mac, pass the
tub through the gable to Perry ou the
outside. They pass the given point;
the hand is raised; the tub is passed
through to the outside.
"Halt!" The salute is given.
"Have orders to search your tent."
l icou uioav.
March in; beds turned up, straw
turned over; bayonets jab the ground.
"No meat ia this tent."
Old Citizen: "Glad to know that we
did not find any meat it. your tent.
Lost a very fine beef last night.
Shame, shame, that some soldiers will
"Shoulder arms! Forward march!"
Presto chao g.e-the meat is passed
baok into the toot as they depart.
I have been scared many times be
fore and since, but for a short time I
certainly was anxious and soared both
at the same timo. I have been
through many trying times, have had
many narrow escapes since the beef
scrape, but do not think I ever suffer
ed more for tbe length of time it last
ed. My honor wa*? at stake, but I
mu?t say that after my suspense had
passed and I had suppressed my con
science I certainly did enjoy the
R. P. SCHOPPEET,
O. S. Co. B, 11th Ala. Regt.
A World Power.
"I tell you, ain't none o'th' nations
a-goin* t' tackle us," shouted the man
with the faded hair, gesticulating
wildly to the assembled orowd.
"We're a world power now, au'
we've got 'em all skeered. Why,
we've got a big navy, th' best army
in th' world, an' we've got more money
than we can haul in a hay wagon.
We're so almightly big an' rich that
"Yes, we've got all them things,"
interrupted a woman who had slipped
into the orowd and grasped the orator
by the arm. "We're a world power
all right; but we ain't got enough
wood sawed to boil SquiVe Richman's
washin', an' if we don't git it right
away a portion o' this great nation
ain't goin' t' git no dinner. Now you
mosey off home an' let Europe trem
ble all she waots to."
- A vermin destroyer, *hich is
recommended as a sure thing with
insects of all kinds, thouich otherwise
harmless, may be made by dissolving
alum in hot water. Applying it to
furniture and crevices iu the walls
with a paint brush.
.Let the GOLD DUST twins do your work."
tfferae times a day. 1099 ttmss a ys*r the
twins will make your dlsh-washin? easy.
?HE H. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY, CL'CM
at Still in the Ring !
i Stock considerably the p**t six w eke,
Notions of all Kinds.
Coffee and Flour.
ipotlesa, end I am sure yoi will ba
fl. BUCHANAN. Masonic Temple
rowd knows where the most Oa^g are
i where the honey gr.>wa. Tbe t tv ni en -
AN A RATLIFFE'6 *tore diw>r? go
get the m??st of their lU 'iiey.
Tl EG there becaus? ?-ve rv bod y else
those pure SEED OATS, RYE ?nd
Johnson G VAR* in them.
lATLIFF?'S prices are as low as the
tre above suspicion,
r busy DEAN A RATLIFFE may |
is though u was the only one they ever j
AYLIFFE the Czar of all the Russias
om of the bargain rauch.
Dn their SHOES this season, and
cleanest line of Shoes they ever car
ted the feet as weil a 4 the purse, and
like thirty cents beside their new line
L FLOURS, aiirl that is DEAN &
to buy in. season and Cut of season ia
I where grain fertilizers of all kinda
md catch up with the crowd. "Oft
The Kind Toa Have Always Bought? and which has beca
in uso foi* over SO yean, has borne tho signature ?4?
and has been made under his per
sonal supervision since its infancy*
Allow no one to> deceive yon in this*
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ?? Just-as-gcod^are bat
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health af
Infants and Children-Experlenco against Bxpe?rinaenfc?
What es CASTORIA
Castoria ls a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, lirops and Soothing Syrups, It !* pwgft?fc; !f?
contains neither Opium? Morphine nor other Narcotics
substance. Its age is its guarantee? It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic, lt relieves Teething Troubles, euros Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food- r^gwt?ati? the
Stomach and Bowels? giving healthy and natural sleep?
Tho Children's Panacea-Tho Mother's Friend,
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signataxe of
The Kind You Have Always Bought
in Use For Over 30 Years.
THE OKVfTAU ll OOSIMMV, Ti ?IMMT STStiV, UKW ?OtHt CTTYV_
"When the Leaves
Begin to Turn !
18 the time to BOW OATS, R> E and BARLEY. Now, in order that yon
may not come up lacking in harvest time, we have bought GOOD 8EEI>
for you. JUST RECEIVED
3000 bushels Texas Bed Bust Proof Oats,
2000 bushels Ninety Six Bed Bust Proof Oats,
1000 bushels Winter Grazing Oats.
Car Load Bye and Barley.
Could have Bold the above without moving sam-- for a handsome profit,
but preferred to give them to you at a loss, as we want to supply those that
have always patronized us.
Recollect the above is only about one-quarter our usual supply, and is all
we can get ; BO come and secure your Seed at once. Can buy plenty of Kan
sas Red Oats for lees money, but they will not do io this climate.
LIGON & LE^BETTER,
D. 8. VAN DIVER.
J. J. MAJOR.
E. P. VAN DIVER?
Vandiver Bros. & Major.
If yon want a Fine, Medium or Cheap
We can sell it to you and save you mouvy. We have the nobbiest line of
Fancv Young Men's Buggier to be found, and want to shew them to you.
We have a large stock pf "BIRDSELL'S and "WHITS HICKORY*
At lowest prices.
We eel? the PLANO MOWER and BINDER, and want you to
Your trade appreciated.
VANDIVER BROTHERS & MAJOR.
Acme Paint andCement Cure,
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GR?YTOIS & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.
A. C. STEIOELANB,
OFFICE-Front Rooms ever Fara
era and Merchante Bank.
.The opposite eat Illustrates Con
tlnuoua Gom Teeth. Tho Ia>?l
Piste-moro cleanly tb sn tbs Moo
ral teeth? No bad taste or bresfi?
f 3 m Pin'>. of tbla Mod *
A LONG LOOK AHEAD
A man thinks it IP when the matter of life
intar&Eoe suggests itself--but Circassian?
ces of late have shown how life hangs by ?
thread when war, flood, hurricane and fire
suddenly overtakes you, and the only way
to be sure that your family ia protected in
case of calamity overtaking you is to in
sure in a solid Company like
The Muta? BensSt Life Ins. Co*
? , Drop in and see us about it.
Peoples' Baak Boiling, ANDERSON s a,