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Christmas in the Jr*
E. &. Sanders, ii
The field works erected in defense
of Petersburg, Va., beginning at the
Appomattox River's southern bank
and thence runniug southerly and
westerly, were hold during thc winter
of 18G4-C5 by General Bushrod John
son's division. Four brigades consti
tuted this division. Ex-Govcrnor
Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, com
manded ono, Ex-Sonator Matt IV.
Ransom, of North Carolina led a (sec
ond, a third WSB from South Carolina
and Gracie's brigade from Alabama
was thc fourth. Georgia wa* rCprC
SAnf/iil ?t? tilia l>r? trnii n, J?IT };"T; V
--- -?...0..>.~ "J V ?J..IJM.il j
in tbe Twenty-fifth North Carolina
regiment. Bob Phinizy was captain
of this company, and instead of feel
ing an alien he was probably better
known and certainly as well liked as
any officer in thc brigade. His high
spirits uevcr quailed before thc miser
ies of the limos. During the winter
he was appointed or elected u justice
of the peace. Ile bid us good-bye
with tears in his eyes. Ile intormed
us that he was a judge, and though it
was hard to credit, it was believed
that he would preside over one of the
courts of record-a court of law nud
Strange to say, Wise's brigade had
seen but little warfare until the seige
of Petersburg began. The others were
seasoned veteraus. During thc au
tumn of 18(14 two brigades were in tho
inironchments and two were withdrawn
for rest and recuperation evory two
ve.?!<..?. Moro or less lighting was
fe '.-.g on daily and tho stress and
strain on the men in the trenches were
terrible. On ODO occasion the enemy
made a heavy demonstration in Wise's
front and it was HO formidable that
part of tho brigado were driven from
the works. Ransom's brigade soon
appeared and drove tho Federals back
and tho former situation was re-estab
When the brigades alternated in the
trenches their engouuity was taxed to
make their condition less severe.
Planks and boards wero highly prized
to make bunks, uud when one brigudo
left the trenches and did not carry
with them all their belongings thu in
coming brigade, especially the Twcu- i
ty-tifth North Carolina, appropriated
to its uso thenoeforth and forever
whatever was left behind. Wise's
brigade, being nearer home, bad more
of these conveniences than any other.
On one occasion, when relieved by
Ransom's brigade a Virginian said as
the soldiers passed eaoh other: "Don't
you fellows take the planks wo are
leaving here. You oan use thom, but
leave them when you go out. Don't
tako them away, like you did before."
"We never took you-uns plank nor
nothiu you-uns ever loft," indignantly
answered a tarhoel mountainer." "Yes
you have; you take all wo leave," re
plied half a dozen Virginians. "Yes
we-uns did take one thing you'uns
left 'bout six weeks ago," retorted ono
of the Carolinians. "One thing! You
own up to one do you? We'd like to
know what it was we left that you say
you took." "These linos," was the
It is difficult to realize the lifo the
soldier led in the intrenohments east
of Petersburg. Tho lines of the con
tending armies were less than u quar
ter of a mile apart, and about a milo
from tho river at the point the Con
federate line presented a salient angle
they wore opposed by a re-entrant of
the Federals on Hare's Hill, crowned
by a fort of twenty-four guns and mor
tars, some of the latter throwing a two
hundred pound ahell. Not a day or
night passed bat what moro or less
firing was going on and thc Southern
soldiers gave tho placo on Hare's Hill
the appropriate name of Fort Hell.
More than a year beforo Ransom's
brigade had been encamped on Major
Hare's place and then an incident oo
.curred which I will hero relate, as it
will explain something further on.
Colorod women visited the brigade
often bringing cooked food of various
kinds, which they disposed of to the
soldiers. A member of tho 49th
North Carolina bought a moat pie one
day and when eating it his suspicions
were aroused. He oarricd it to tho
regimental surgeon, who examined it
and pronounced it dog meat. Eaoh
regiment of the brigade had a sou
briquet and sometimes two, and hence
forth tho 49tb was known as tho dog
To return, some uea were killed
and wounded daily. Rains flooded
the ditohes and fuel was extremely
source. The men were furnished with
a small supply of coal from the mines
of Chesterfield oor.nty, which they
tried to burn in tho open air or cu the
fire,.Innes of thoir clay chimneys. The
daily i ition waa at the bost about four
ounce* of meat, half a pound of flour,
? sometimes a little coffee brought
tbrough the blockade of Wilmington:
. tobacco aud some salt. Few had an
i Atlanta Journal.
overcoat or more than one blanket.
There were but few who in their secret
hearts did not foresee the rapidly ap
But thc merciful author of our bc
! ing bus implanted in each soul a seed
which germinates and Howers in defi
ance of every obstacle. Men can bear
up surprisingly when associated in
misfortune, and v e had faith in that
leader who never had failed us. We
believed that General Lee would rot
permit us to be sacrificed when tb'*
struggle became hopeless and so long
as uv remained there were thousands
who resolved to adhere to him. But
had a chance shot killed him any time
during that winter it is uncertain
whether any other general could have
held the army together, so evident
was the desperation of the situation
and so great was their confidence in
Several weeks before Christmas some
good hearted person, probably a wo
man, suggested that Virginia give a
dinner-a real old-fashioned Christ
mas dinner to tho army of Northern
Virginia. Tho few newspapers that
remained gave a hearty support to the
proposal, and it was a theme in many
bomb-proofs and picket holes. It be
came resolved upon, and wo wero told
I that we should have an old time, "be
fore thc war," dinner, such as the
high-bred, hospitable gentry of "ole
Ferginy uever tires," used to set be
fore their guests.
Sunday, thp 25th of December,
1864, was an ideal day to be the anni
vorsary of the Nativity. Clear, yet
not cold, nature seemed in sympathy
with the blessed time. The sun came
up and the first day for many months
looked U"on the nrmies who were not
carrying on tho work of death. It
seemed as though each bad agreed to
suspend their deadly efforts for one
duy. A head oould appear for a sco
oud or two above tho parapet and iu
full sight of the enemy and not have
a dozen minnie balls fired at it. Both
sides soon discovered that the orders
to fire at au enemy whenever in sight
were being disobeyed. Tho men had
suspended their work without being
so ordered and in a fow minutes they
were passing in full sight of each
other, shouting tho compliments of
the season, giving invitations to cross
over and take a drink, to come to din
ner, to come back into the Union, to
como over and get a plug of tobacco
and other amenities, which were a
singular contrast to the asperities of
war. Several times a group of three
or four from eaoh side would dash out
from the trenches in spite of the com
mands of tho officers end meet mid
way, have a rapid exchange of drinks,
tobacco and other objects. To a visi
tor ignorant of war it would have ap
peared incredible that the mon thus
fraternizing had been trying to kill
each other for years. Some time
after noon a Yankee who was very
tipsy staggered up to tho trenches oc
cupied by thc Thirty-fifth North Caro
lina regiment, and after trying in vain
to olimb over, begged to be helped!
He was pulled across and was soon
asleep. This seemed to be getting
too strong, and upon its being report
ed to General Hansom, he ordered the
man to be soot back as soon as possi
ble and a rifle to be fired, but not at
tho enemy. The Forty-ninth regi
I ment was nearest the general's bomb
proof, and accordingly a rifle was dis
charged upward from it. This was
the first shot that had brokon tho
peacefulness of the day in the writer's
hearing. I was in the trenches when
it was fired, and instantly every man
who had been exposing himself was
out of sight of an enemy. Perfeot
silence followed. Everyone, not
knowing the causo of the single dis
charge, expeoted something much more
important to succeed. But the quiet
was profound until the explanation
circulated through the Confederate
linea. When Bob Phifer, of Com
pany D, Thirty-fifth North Carolina
regiment, reared his burly form above
tho parapet and oalled out, "Say,
Yank, let's talk some more. Bring a
drink to. the picket boles and DI carry
some tobacco," the answer came from
a soldier in blue, who also showed
himself, "No, somo of you Johnnies
fired at us."
"'Twas only one of thom d-d Dog
eaters who shot in the air. You
won't get hurt. Come on," repented
Bob, whose supply of liquor was ex
hausted and who wished for more.
By this time overy man who had tho
means and desire to become drunk was
in that condition. Some had received
supplies of food and drink from home,
whioh, of course, were divided with
the many who had not.
The shot before spoken of was the
only one I remember to have heard
during Christmas. The oalm was
maintained until the following day.
\ There was muoh aotivity, frolic and
fun in tho trenches, but the day, com
pared with many which preceded and
followed, was one of Sabbatical calm.
I attended church in thc forenoon in
the city and heard thc Kev. Dr. Platt,
who was esteemed by most to be the
most eloquent preacher of Petersburg.
Besides my own rations I was a guest
at three different dinners, and atc at
each what would bo a full meal to a
sufficiently fed man. I expected
cholera morbus, but escaped.
It is a melancholy proof of tho des
titution to which the people of tho
grand commonwealth of Virginia had
reached in 1804, with her armies, one
hostile, tearing her bosom, that tho
dinner intended for General Lee's
army was a complete failure so far as
Tho part for Johnson's division
reached us about tho end of the first
week in January. I was directed by
General Ransom to divide the dinner
sen*, to his brigade among the five
regiments which constituted it. I
sunnose the hrjgorlo contained between
twelve and fifteen hundred men. My
task was not difficult. Each regiment
was nearly equal in numbers, and the
dinner was divided into five equal
parts. Ono mao could carry easily
thc quantity distributed to one regi
ment and not be much weighted.
After all had been divided as nearly
equal as possible, there was a jar con
taining about a quart of apple butter.
Despairing of dividing this, I took it
for my share, and it was very good.
I have been informed by several of
them who did it, that on the nights of
Christmas eve and Christmas the sol
diers from both sides fraternized in
tho picket holes and agreed not to
shoot during Christmas and tried to
reach an agreement by which they
would not endeavor to kill each other
when momentarily exposed above tho
parapet. They could not succeed in
the latter altogether, but one mau has
told mo since that after that day bo
ucver tried to kill a soldier on tho
other side, except in tho battles ho
participated in during the ensuing
Many visits were made on that day,
and friends from the same community
in distant State*, who had been long
separated saw each other, somo for
the last time. To tho entire army, as
I was informed, it was a day of cheer,
one bright spot in the gloom of pres
ent distress and impending defeat.
That Christmas day taught mauy of
tho soldiers of both armies that their
enemies were such only in name-that
in reality there was no hatred between
them as human beings, and that they
were all subjects of the same feelings
and passions, when the star of the.
South sunk forever at Appomattox
Court House, and thesa same men met
for the last time without attempting
to destroy eaoh other. If a harsh
word passed from those of our army to
any of tho other during the days the
paroles were being given, I never
heard of it.
Thousands of good wishes were
given by the soldiers in blue to us
who were going to our homes, and
they surely must have been the sin
cere speech of the heart; and some of
the seeds may have been planted the
? Joke on the Sutler.
Those who think war is ali tragedy
are mistaken, for comedy plays an im
portant part, and in thinking of the
past I like to recall the amusing inci
dents, and would forget the sad ones
if I could. ?
The best "Confed" ? soldier was
equally ready for a fight or a frolic,
and entered into one with about as
much zest as he did the other. Of
this class was captain, afterwards ma
jor, Nathan Lyon, of the Eighth Con
federate Cavalry, and when I say that
he mado as good soldier as he has citi
zen of Atlanta, I heve said all that
need be spoken in his behalf.
During the battle of Murfreesboro,
Wheeler's cavalry made Bevoral raids
in rear of Rosecrans1 army, destroying
thousands of wagons and other prop
erty, and putting the Federal army on
short rations for several days. On
one of these raids wo passed through
La Vergne, about equally distant from
Murfroesboro and Nashville. For
some oause a part of the command re
turned the samo night, and with it
tho Eighth Confederate, Captain
Lyon's regiment. The night was cold
and \TV\ it was raining, and every
thing was still and desolate, with the
exception that from an old storehouse
thoro nhone a bright light, and there
came forth sounds of loud laughing
and talking. In strolling around
"Capt. Nath," as the boys affection
ately called him, heard this, and de
cided to investigate. He was cold
and wet, and if anybody was having a
good timo he naturally wanted some
Pushing open tho door, the sight
which met his gase almost paralysed
him, for there was a full fledged sut
ler's lay out, presided over by a typi
cal lager beer Dutchman, with a
nurioh on him like a basa drum, and
about 20 bloa%oaied gentry were
drinking and uaving a good time'gen
erally. It seoras that by some means
the atore and ita oontenta had been
overlooked in the raid, and the pro
I prictor and a squad of Federals had
returned, supposing the Confederates
were ali gone.
Fortunately for "Nath" he was clad
in a blue overcoat, as many of our
men were at the time, so he gently f
closed the door and retired without ex- i
citing any suspicion. Hurrying to '.
his camp, he assembled about 20 of
his men, and had their blue overcoats
carefully buttoned, so as to hide the
carbines underneath. Then he re
turned to the sutler'? store and boldly
entered, called to "Dutohy" to set
out his best liquors, saying they had
just been paid off and were out for a
"Dot vas right, captain-h af a gude
time vile yer can, for dot tam veller
may come back some more."
Tho new comers were generous and
invited all to come forward and call
for what they liked-beer, whiskey,
wine or what not-but were careful to
keep themselves near the door.
While the hilarity was at its height
a lieutenant among tho Federals be
came auspicious, and taking Captain
Lyon to ono side, asked him what it
all meant. Captain Nath whispered
to him the truth, but admonished him
to humor the joke and keep quiet, as
escape was impossible.
By and by the score olimbicg up
toward the hundred-dollar mark, the
sutler requested a settlement.
.'Oh, that's all right, Dutchy," ex
plained the Confcds; "we've got the
money. Don't be uneasy."
"Dot may so, shentiemen, but bet
ter yer pay oop, and den we commence
ofer new," replied Dutohy.
Finding their credit exhausted,
Captain Nathan stood close up to the
oounter, gently opened his blue over
coat and revealed the gray beneath.
For a full minuto the Dutchman seem
ed deprived of speech, and when he
found his voice he fell back with tho
wail, "Moiu Got, mein Got in Him
The boys loaded themselves with all
they could carry ol' the sutler's good
things, formed their prisoners and
marohed them in line to camp, witb
poor Dutchy bringing up the rear,
still crying "Mein Got, moin Got in
The First Drink.
Two boys stopped in front of a sa
loon, and an old man standing near
listened to what they said.
"Let's go in and take a drink,"
said one of them.
"I-I don't think we'd better," said
his companion, "my father's terribly
Opposed to saloons. I dou't know
what he'd say if he knew I'd been in
one, and drank liquor there."
"Just for the fun of tho thing, you
know," urged his frieud, "of course,
we'd s top with one drink. Th er.
could not be any harm in that."
"My boys," said the old man, com
ing up to them, "you don't know what
you're talking about. If you go in
there and take one drink, you're not
sure of stopping there. The chances
are that you won't, for I toll you
and I know what I'm talking about by
a bittei experience-there's such a
fascination about liquor that it takes
a strong will to resist after tho first
taste of it, sometimes. Take the first
drink, and the way of the drunkard is
open before you. Only those who let
liquor entirely alone are safe. I
know, for I've been a drunkard a good
many years. I expect to be one till i
die. I began by taking a drink just
as you propose to 'for fun'-but I
didn't stop there, you seo. Take the
advice of a poor old wreck-and that
is never take the first drink."
"You're right," said the boy who
had proposed to visit tho saloon. "I
thank you for your advice, sir. I
say, Tom, let's promise each other
never to take the first drink."
"AU right," said Tom, and the
boys clasped hands on their pledge.
"That's a good temperance society
to belong to." said the old man. "I j
wish I'd joined one like it when ? was :
a boy."-Eben E. Rexford.
We are showing this season ar
Thoy aro tho latest in style, th
msnship, the lowest in pri?e, a
We sell all styles Low Do*
See the big stock on my flo
A l-?vino- Emetic.
A servant who did not find her way
to tho kitchen very prompt1? one
morning was visited byjher mistress,
who found her in bed Buffering from
pain and violent sickness. She ex
plained that she had a cold and had
taken some medicino which had been
recommended for the children.
"How much did you take?" asked
"Well, mom, I went by the direc
tions on the bottle. They said, 'Ten
drops for an infant, thirty drops for
an adnlt and a tablespoonful for an
emetic.' I kitew I wasn't an infant or
adult, so I thought I must be an
emetio, and the pesky stuff has pretty
nigh turned me inside out."
He Felt Relieved.
It was a long ride through a deso
late and dangerous country, and the
noli fin?an ?arm ar\it tn roi io no *he 220
notony of philosophie musings on his
victory and embarrassments that even
"Hold up your bands!"
The stage coach gave a luroh and
stopped. The ray of light that shot
into the vehiolo turned the spattering
rain into myriads of evanescent gems.
"What do you want?" asked the
politician with a firmness that showed
that he had faced danger before.
"Here it is."
"Your watoh and diamond ring."
"They are yours."
"I must say yer good-natured, any
how," remarked one of the highway
"Not?t all. Are you sure that's
all you desire?"
"What in thunder did you think we
"I was afraid"-and the politician's
voioo trembled a little-"you wanted
an office."-Philadelphia North Amer
- Many a man who isn't a biga
mist has one wife too many.
- A woman will match her instinct
for anything in tho world except
- Maybe it's only human nature,
but we al ff ays begin our reforms with
the other follow.
Are made strong
by the use of Dr.
tion and ulceration
and cures female
Sick women are
invited to consult
Doctor Pierce, by
letter, free. All
dence held in
and guarded by
without fear and
without fee to
Dr. R. V. Pierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
" I had been a RT?at
; sufferer from female
I weak ness,n write?
'Mrs. M. ii. Wallace.
. of Muenster, Cooke
Co., Texas. ?I Med
I four doctors and nona
.aid int any good. I
suffered six years, hut
lat lart I found relief.
.1 followed your
advice, and took eight
i bottles of 'Favorite
I Prescription,* and
four of tue 'Golden
Medical Discovery,' I
now feel like a nra
woman. X have gained
I eighteen pounds.?
I Pleasant Pellets
and sick head?
ache. They do.
net create thc pill
e the finest things on wheels,
ie best In material and work
ll things considered.
JOS. J. FBETWELI.
.: WT"""- . y - . . rrrr--? '-vt*:- .L : -- .
lt DK KN
ness and Rest .Contains neither
Opiuin.Morp??ne nor limerai.
KOT *NARC OTIC .
Aper?ecl Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Foe simile Signature of
Forlnfaixts and Children.
?The Kind You Have
jj EXACT CO0\tiQPWpABR?R.
TN* ctrmrjn eoammr. new TOM ORT.
WE have on hand the beet selection of com for t-bringera for cold and
tired feet that we have ever carried. Our long experience of ten years Shoe
buying has enabled us to select only the best values from the largest manu,
factur?is' lines. We bought thia season in each quantities that we can offer
to our customer-! better goods for leas money than we have ever before been
able to do. You will, therefore, not consider that our Shoes are CHEAP
Shoes because they aro low-priced. The little school fellow will find his
Shoes he buys of us the greatest delight of Winter, excepting bis Christmas
guns, as Jack Frntt will have no terrors for him ; and his parents will find
their Winter's worrie? overcome, as our School Shoes protect the purse as
well as the feet. There are a few old shelf-worn Shoes' in stock that we want
to sell at a large discount. They are pretty fair Shoes, but not as good as
new-hence the big mark-down in price. They are yours for the cash only
while they last. They can't last long at the price.
REMEMBER WE SELL
OF EVERY KIND.
DEAN & RATLIFFE.
The Store where your Mends Trade.
" When the ^Leaves
Begin to Turn !"
18 the time t eow OATS, R'S E and BARLEY. Now, in order that you
may not cc?te up lacking in harvest time, we have bought GOOD SEED
for you. JUST RECEIVED
3000 bushels Texas Bed East Proof Oats,
2000 bushels Nicety Six Bed BuBt Proof Oats,
1003 bushels Winter Grazing Oats.
Gar Load Bye and Barley.
Could have sold the above without moving sam? for a handsome profit,
but prcferreu to give them to you at a loss, as we want to supply those that
have always patronized us.
Recollect tho above is only about one-quarter our usual supply, and is all
we can get ; so come aud secure your Seed at once. Can buy plenty of Kau?
eas Red Oats for less money, but they will not do in this climate.
HOON & IsBBBBTTBE.
A. 0. STRICKLAND,
OFFICE-Front Rooms over Farm
. era and Jf enchants Bank.
The opposite ont Illustrates Con
tinuous Gum Teeth. Tao Ideal
Fists-more cleanly than the nato
ral teatb. No bad taste or breath
?3m FlatOBOf this kind
A LONG LOOK AHEAD
A man thinks it is when the matter of life
insurance suggests itself--but cueumatan?
ces of late have shown how life hangs by a
thread when war, flood/ hurricane and fire
suddenly overtakes yon, and the only way
to be sure that your family ia protected in
case of calamity overtaking yon is. to In*
sure in ? solid Company Hf
The Mutual Benefit Life las. Go,
, Drop iii and see us about it
JkU Hi; MATT?80N,
Feoplea*Bank Building, ANDERSONS, a.