Newspaper Page Text
How the TJiiited Stat?
of the <9rr
Mr$. W. H. Felton,
Spain bas boon concerned in several
difficulties with th? United States in
years ?ast and gone. Tile latest was
about Ouba, as we know. '
Spain f or ced con tinual disputes with
the United St -tea concerning tho bonn
dary line of the United States and the
right of navigating the Mississippi
river before 1800.
By a treaty with Spain in 1795 that
country granted to the United StateB
tho privilege of making deposits at
New Orleans, for three years, after
which it was agreed that the-privilege
should be continued there or at some
equivalent place on the Mississippi
But.Spain, with its usual methods,
made a secret treaty with Franco in
1802, ceding to France the territory
known as Louisiana, west of the Mis
. In October, 1802, the Spanish in
tendant declared by proclamation that
the right of . deposita at New Orlcuns
no longer existed.
, In the cession of this territory it
"srss to be delivered up in ita present
state" to the Frenoh.
All the people in this country be
came greatly alarmed, - beanie there
was a constant apprehension of
war between Spain and the United
The United States minister at Paris
was informed of these troubles as soon
OBO vessel'could carry a letter from
President Jefferson to Minister Living
In Deoember, 1803, President Jeff
erson communicated with Congress in
regard to Spain's treaty with Franoe.
Warlike speeches weic made in con
gress and a resolution was introduced
telling the president to call ont the
military forcea of the nation to hold
this territory and the right to navigate
After a year of discussion, unrest
and political strategy, James Monroe,
afterwards president, was sent over
to France to co-operate with Mr. Liv
ingston in a proposal to buy New
Orleans and what waa known as Flor
At the request of President Jeffer
son congress appropriated 02,000,000
to the object of tho mission.
It was supposed that Florida hod also
been ce?sd by Spain to France, so
Messrs. ?Monroe a?a*. Livingston were
directed to offer n lib?rai sum for New
Orleans and Florida as purchase mon
Mr. Livingston, the minister at Par
is, had informed President Jefferson
that the United States had meagre
chances for getting New Orleans by
treaty and advised that it should be
taken by foroe.
But a great and brilliant comet in
the political world had appeared above
the horizon. Napoleon Bonaparte had
become first consul in Franoe. Fortu
nately, his eyes were sot on Europe,
not America* Ho was : preparing for
the great conquests that his fertile
imagination piotured before his ambi
tion, and he wanted money 1 He Call
ed Marquis de Marbois to his private
offico and told bim to gb out and meet
the American Ministers and propose
to sell all the territory Franoe
claimed or owned west of the Missis
Messrs. Livingston and Monroe were
sent out to angle fora, little fish, so
to speak, and lol their line was tangled
up with a monster whale. They went
at the purchase business with two
millions of money and Napoleon stog
. gored them with' a proposal that
meant neary seven times as much
money and about ten times aa muoh
The first consul's speech to Marquis
de Marbols should now be familiar
.o every . schcol boy and girl,
since the great St. Louis exposition is
to commemorate this famous Louisi
ana purchase from Napoleon Bona
parte. - .
The first consul said: "It is not only
New Orleans I will cede, but the whole
oolony, without any reservation. I
know the price of what I abandon, be
cause I used my official diplomacy
with Spain to get control of it. ? re
nounce it with greatest regret. Db not
. delay. Go and have au interview wi th
Mr. Livingston to-day. Don't wait for
Mr. Monroe to arrive. I require agr?ai
deal of money to. carry on thia war
with England. I am going to bo mod
erate in ray price because I now wanta
gre*fc deal bf money. I want 50,000,000
francs. I will not negotiate for less.
Make the overturn without any subtcr
foge. Acquaint mo day by day and
boar by hour ns to your progress. The
cabinet in London knows what is be
ing done in Washington, but those
Londoners can't know what I am do
ing. Boas secret as possible. Talk
with Mr. Tallyrand about th* insHerV
Ho alone is in my .confidence.'*
Mr. Livingston waa distrustful of the
i AN. EMPIRE
in Atlanta Journal.
I Ho suspected A trick.
He wanted to be on the safe side and
! offered 30,000,000 franca while Napo
I leon o ailed for 50,000,000.
About thia time Mr.-Monroe arrived
on the vessel at Havre.
Mr. Livingston was so timid abo?t
the matter that be wrote Mr. Monroe,
wi th hie congratulation a on bia ?*#e
arrival in Franoe, bis fears. He felt
sure the United States would have to
fight for New Orleans-beeanae be
though? Bonaparte's offer to aell was
Marquis de Marbois knew Mr. Mon?
roe very well. He bad resided noar
congress for years, indeed during the,
whole war of the Revolution.
When these two. friends put their
beads together they found out that Na*
polee a meant exactly what he said.
Ho wanted money, and that was an easy
way to get it.
Mr. Monroe looked M. d? Marboia in
the face and said, ''Do you really mea .
\ Because it-was not a town-a little
strip of country-a state-no, it waa a
vast territory-it meant every aore
from the Mississippi river to tbe great
M. de Marboia assured bim that they
meant to sell at onoo and without sub
terfuge or delay.
. Soon' the terms were agreed upon, al
though Spain waa as Usual refractory
After many pros and oons, sixty mil
lions of francs were transferred to the
banking house in Amsterdam and
through tho BariDgsin London.
The terms, were as follows:
For the payment of $11,250,000,
bearing interest at G per cent, these
ministers agreed to pay in London,
Amsterdam or in Pans, while
the prinoiple ?of the debt was
to be settled off in . payments of ?3,
000,000 eaoh fifteen years after the
property was ceded to the United
In less than two months from the day
Mr. Monroe had sailed from New York
to Havre, the purchase was made and
the territory deeded to the United
v^MiS Livingston rose up at the con
clusion of the negotiationa and said:
"We have'Ii ved long, .but thia ia the
noblest work of our wHole lives."
Tbe first consul said to his envoy, "I
tiavs just given to England a maritime
rival that will sooner or later humble j
Tho very day the treaty of purchase
was ratified by Napoleon, hoatilitiea
began betweeu Franoe and England, to
end at Waterloo 12 years later.
Congress had a squabble over the
purchase, but the sonate ratified the
treaty by a vote of 24 to 7.
The ob j ec tor s declared we bad too
much territory already and the sale
was unconstitutional. >
Congress nevertheless ratified the
treaty and the United States went
into legal possession of ita new prop
When the great St. Louis exposition
flings wide ita doors to welcome all na
tions to its exposition there should be
present the nearest legal descendant of
Marquis de Marboia, the noble French
man Who was So gracious to our coun
try in helping us to this great and
goodly ' land west of thc Mississippi
I would like to have the poet's gift
to sing with fitting words, the glory of
this inheritance scoured by our noble
forefathers for their descendants in
And when I think of our great obli
gations to Franco in the revolutionary
! war and the fair dealing of Napole?n,
I am going to be one to say that I
^iould give a special invitation to all j
oitiaens of France to come over add re
joice with us in the flood tido of acuity
and good will at St. Louis.
Corea Contagious Blood Poison.
TRIAL TREATMENT FREE.-It is es
pecially the deep-seated, obstinate
oases that B. B. Bk oures. It mattera
not if the doctors or patent medicines
have failed to Cure, B. B. B. (Botanio
Blood Balm) always psomptly reaches
the poison and roots out and drains it
from the system, heals every sore or
pimple, ?tops hair from falling out,
and oures the disease so the Symptoms
can never return.
B. B. B. cured K P. B. Jones, At
lanta, Qa., of contagious blood-poison;
had oopper oolored eruptions all over
tho body, . excruciating aches and
pains in bones and joints, falling of
the heir, sore throat.. His troubles
resisted the treatment of the most
noted doctors, yet he was completely
cured hy ten bottles of Botanio Blood
Balm (B. B! B.) Robert Ward, Max
ey, Ga., suffered from secondary; and
tertiary blood poison, face and shoul
ders a mass of corruption ?nd sores;
began to eat into toe skull bones;
eleven bottles of B. B. B. completely
cured him. If you have eczema, can
cer, scrofula, risings, boils, ulcera,
then B. B. B. will make a perfect oure.
Trial treatment free by writing
BJood Balm Co.. 380 Mitchell street,
Atlanta, Ga. Describe year troubla
and we will include freo personal
medical advice. Over 3,000 ourea by
B. B. B. Oxr-Gray &. Co.. Wilhito
! & Wilhito end Evans Pharmaoy.
A SO?TH CAROLINA FRAUD.
Married a YOHO; Girl Under aa Assumed
SUMTER, 8. C., Dec.-3.-Oat on tit?
wide Atlantic, several mouthe ago, a
man and a woman met. The woman
was young, pretty andi attractive, the
idol of her millionaire father's heart.
The man was a dashing, captivating
fellow with the manners of a cavalier.
The sequel of the meeting is a broken
hearted father, a young woman's
blighted life, and a wreokcd home.
Tho villain ia the story was a once
time resident of this city and tho peo*
pie of Sumter havo an interest in the
story because of this fact.
' He is Capt. A. N. Freeland, who
for many years wes a trusted and re
spected employe of the Atlaotio Ooast
Line, with which corporation he held
? position for 20 or moro years. Dur
ing the last eight or ten years of his
railroad life, he filled the position of
road master and had obarge -of the
Florence-Gol umbi a division, one of
the most important on the system.
He was summarily dismissed from
this position and explanation was
n'-ver made as to the cause for his re
id oval, but at the time rumors were
current that he was downed beoause
of immoral conduct.
Capt. Freeland remained in this
city which he bad mide his home for
so many years and with which ho had
become identified by business and
social ties, ho having married here and
acquired considerable property. At
this time he was looked upon as a fair,
honest man and was respected ? in the
business world. He held a prominent
plaoe ia the' Masonic lodge and other
Shortly after this discharge by the
railroad company he engaged in busi
ness, first as a member of the firm of
Freeland db Rogan, dealers in china
and glassware', and subsequently be
came a member of the firm of tho
Ducker and Bultman company, cf
which he wss for u time the president.
It was at this- time that the eyes of
the community were first opened to
the real character of the man, although
for several years there were rumors
afloat that he was not straight in his
business dealings. It was while presi
dent of the Duoker & Bultman com
pany that he borrowed all the ?aoney
that he conld induce the banks to ad
vance on euch collateral as he could
offer and the endorsements of friends,
and left the city, deserting his wife
and family, leaving them, it was re
ported at the time, ill-provided for.
For a year o? moro after this no one
in Sumter knew anything about his
movements, although diligent efforts
were made by those who had suffered
financial loss through him, to locate
him. He was reported to have been
seen in neighboring States on several
occasions, but all efforts to find him
were futile. He voluntarily opened
communication with those who bad
had to pay his dishonored notes, and
in a short time returned to the city
and made settlements of such claims
as oould have : been collected by legal
process-tho otheva went unpaid. He
was arrested at the instance of one
party with whom he refused to settle,
but the evidence was not strong enough
to convict and tb s case was dropped.
Again he left Sumter and was gon?
for some months, returning onfy to at
tend the funeral of bis wife, who died
suddenly. He spent a few weeks
here, and when ho left took all the
money he oould obtain by any means
from his children-money in some in
stances that had been earned by hard
work. From that time until tho ar
rival of the New York detective noth
ing was known of his whereabouts and
no one oared.
The detective visited this city to in
vestigate the past life of A. N. Free
land, . and it is from him that is learn
Cause more deaths than
bullets. Their symptoms
are not alarming, hence
they are neglected and.
quickly become dangerous*
Is a kidney medicine of
great value; it strengthen-3
the kidneys, allays inflam
ing ul, eases backache and
arrests the progress of the
disease. It is an honest
j remedy that can be depend
AT ALL DRUGGISTS.
ed the story of the man Hinco ho last
[ When hero he waa Buffering from
rheumatism, which had transformed
him from a robnst specimen of mar -
hood into a prematurely broken and
infirm man. Ho went to Hot Springs
for treatment, but it did himno good.
From there he visited Europe, where
at one of the German spaa he was
oured, and tho rheumatic's ch aies wero
broken, and . health fully restored.
He benama again a young man for bis
He visited the Glasoow exposition
and after taking in that show ho took
passage for America, It WSB on this
trip that he and the young woman
whom he betrayed first met. Ho had
new changed hi? natue ie Foster. The
young lady'a father was aboard, and
before many days he had ingratiated
himself into the favor of the old gen
tleman. The daughter was next in
troduced, and il WSB the old story,
"love at first eight."
Foster, alias Freeland, claimed to
be a wealthy man, owning extensive
mining landa in Mexico. The young
woman was infatuated and before the
Amerioan shore was touohed, the
young woman had promised to marry
him. Her father consented to the
immediate marriage, as Freeland
claimed that his leave of absence
would soon expire and he wonld have
to return to Mexioo and look after a
large deal in mining stocks.
Upon reaching New Ycrk carda were
issued and the marriago solemnised
very shortly. The bridal trip was
tak^n, and it was while the honey
moon waa being spent that the broth
ers of the bride broke into Freeland's
trunk, and finding there letters and
photographs, learned the truth. They
confronted the villain and he attempt
ed to defend himself, but only in order
to get time enough to. esoape. Ho
loft his bride and his new relations
without packing his baggage. Bnt he
took all of bia wife's money and jewel
ry he could lay his banda on.
Detectives were, then employed to
investigate Freeland'a career, sud
that is bow we carno by the story.
Freeland has been located and in
due time will be dealt with acoording
to the law.- Columbia State.
There waa a crowd of calamity
howler? gathered in ?hotel rotunda
daring the great, drought of the past
summer, and each one was telling the
other that all tho eropa would he
burned up and everybody would starve
to death. An old mao who has the
reputation of being a. man who oan al
way a tell a story better than the one
just tpld put in his Yoioo and said that
the present drought wa* nothing to the
one they had when he was a boy in
They all listened carefully to his
wonderful story of how so roany peo
ple starved to death, and how, when
they out their bodies opon, they found
that they had aotually eaten grass be
fore they died, fie told the "tory
through without interruption, but as
soon as he finished ene of his listeners
"Bu*, why did tuc/ cut open their
Thu was a poser for the old man,
but a ?ter spitting reflectively ata spot
on the wall he said:
"Why, to see what they starved to
death on, of course."
Thon he wondered what they wanted
him to buy the drinks for.
- "I love not lightly,",warbled the
young man whose best girl tipped the
scales at'250 pounds.
- When a young lady purchases a
pair of, shoes she may get the size she
wants, bat it'a a miss-fit, neverthe
A New Remedy.
The old friends of -Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy vrill be pleased to know
that tho manufacturers of that prepara
tion have gotten out a new remedy
oalled Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tableta, and that it is meeting
with muoh Buooess ia tie treatment of
constipation, biliousness, siok head
ache, impaired digestion and like dis
orders. These Tablets are easier to
take and more pleasant in effect than
pills, then they not only move the
bowels, but improve the appetite and
correct any disorders of the stomach
and liver. For salo by Orr-Gray &
READ THIS CAREFULLY.
WHAT a delightful sense of pride there is ia the ownership of a
- OE -
IVERS & POND
Well, that's but natural, and shows a well developed discrimination and su
perior arti?tic conception. Come see a few samples at our place, Study them
carefully, compare their tones, one with the other. Plenty boro to select from,
no difference what your taste may dictate. Prices regulated entirely by
quality. Wo have mere
Than we have room for. Several kinda to aeleot from. If you've the room
and need we will be glad to arrange the preliminaries.
THE C. A. REED MUSIC HOUSE.
FRED. G. BROWN, FRANK A. BURBIDGE, R. E. BURRISS, /
Proa, and Treas. Superintendent. Secretary.
ANDERSON FERTILIZER COMPANY,
All Grades Fertilizers. Acid Phosphates,
- AND IMPORTERS OF -
German Kaimt, Muriate of Potash and Nitrate of Soda.
We use Tennessee Rook, which runs higher in Bone Phosphate
than any other Rook in the Country.
WHEAT GROWERS, TAKE NOTI0E !
And Enter your nanto for tho following Prizea :
Wlvmt Prize Offer..
First best y i ?ld on Six Aores of Wheat
One Farmer's Favorito Graiu Drill, worth $70.00.
Second best yield on Six Acres of Wheat
One Ton Standard Guano, 8-2 l-l.
Third best yield on Six Aores of Wheat
Half Ton Standard Blood Guano, 8-2 i-1.
Seeon?! Prize Offer.
Firat best yield on Three Aores of Wheat- s
One Ton High Grade Super-Phoo., 16 per cent Ava.
Second best yieli? on Three Acres of Wheat
Half Ton High Grade Su per-Ph os., 16 per oent Ava.
Third best yield on Three Aores of Wheat
Half Ton High Grade Super-Phos., 16 per oent Ava.
Third Prisse Offer.
Firat best yield One Aore of Wheat-One Ton High Grade 10-2 Acid Phos.
Seoond best yield One Aore of Wheat-Half Ton High Grade 10-2 Aoid Phos.
Third best yield One Aore of Wheat-Half Ton High Grade 10-2 Acid Phos.
The following terms must he complied with cy those entering Contest :
1st. You must fill out the blank hereto attached, sign your name, and out
out thia advertisement in full and return to us.
2nd. You are to ohoose one disinterested neighbor, we aro too ohoose one,
and the two are to choose a third. You will enter the name of your represen*
tative in the blank space found below.
3d. The three men named will act in the capacity of judges, measure the
land designated by you, whioh must be in one body, see that nothing but tho
Brands of the Anderson Fertilizer Company are applied for fertilizing, and
finally to measure the wheat when threshed, place the result in a sealed en
velope and mail to us. -
4th. None other than tho products of the Anderson Fertilizer Company
shall be used by those' entering this contest on- land designated.
5th. All contestants must fill out and sign this advertisement, and return
to this office before the first day of December, 1901.
6th. Eaoh winner of a prize is required to write out in detail how the re
sult was obtained by telling us how the land was prepared, with what imple
ments, how much fertilizers and grade wero applied to tho nor what orop
grown on the land previous to sowing the wheat, when planted, and anything
of interest that will show the best method to produce wheat in thia State.
.#.S. C.,. 1001.
Anderson Fertilizer Co., Anderson, S. C.
Gentlemen : I will enter the contest for one of tho three prizes offered by
s,, .".,- '
you for. the beat yield in buahols threshed from.acres of wheat as
per terms set forth in your advertisement hereto attached. I namo.
.:.as my representative.
8th. The three judges of eaoh contestant ?honld be his neighbors. ' State
in blank spaco left for ?ame, whether you aro contesting for thc Six Aore or
Three Aore or One Aore Price. Aftor all results have been received by us wc
will name a day,-not later than August 1st, 1902, to compare results, in the
presence of such contestants at may bo here, and award tho prizes.
Yours truly, . ANDERSON FERTILIZER CO.
ASTHMA CURE FREE.
Asthmalene Brings Instant Relief and Permanent
Cure in All Cases !
Sont absolutely Free on receipt of Postal-Write your Name and Address Plainly
There is nothing like Asthmalene. It
brings instant relief, even in the worst
cases. It cures when all else fails.
The Rev. C. F. WELLS, of Villa Ridge,
111., says : "Your trial bottle of Asthma
lene received in good condition. I cannot
tell you how thankful I feel for tho good
derived from it. I was a slave, chained
with putrid Bore throat and Asthma for ten
[years. I despaired of ever being cured. I
?saw your advertisement for the cure of this
dreadful and tormenting disease, Asthma,
'and thought you had over-spoken your
I selves, but resolved to give it a trial. To
I my astonishment the trial acted like a
loharm. Send me a full-size bottle."
Rev. Dr. Morris ?cctasler,
Rabbi of the Cong. Bnai Israel,
NEW YORK, Jan. 3, 1901.
Dns. TAFT BROS'. MEDICINE CO.
Gentlemen : Your Asibuialene is an ex
cellent remedy for Asthma and Hay Fever,
and its composition alleviates all troubles
which combino with Asthma. Its success*;
is astonishing and wonderful. Aftorhav
ing it carefully analyzed we can state that Asthmalene contains no opium,
morphine, chloroform or ether. Very truly yours,
REV. KR. MORRIS WECHSLER.
AVON SPRINGS, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1901.
DR. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE Co.-Gentlemen : I write this testimonial from
a sonso of duty, having tested the wonderful effect of your Asthmalene for the
oure of Asthma. My wife bas been afflicted with spasmodic asthma for the
past 12 years. Having exhausted my own skill as well as many others, I
chanced to see your sign upon your windows on 130th street, N. Y., I at once
obtained a bottle of Asthmalene. My wife commenced taking it about tho
first of November. I very soon noticed a radioal improvement. After using
one bottle her Asthma has disappeared and she is entirely free from all symp
toms. I feel that I can consistently reoommend tho medioine to all who are
afflicted with this distressing disease. Yours respectfully,
- O. D. PHELPS, M. D.
DR. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE CO.-Gentlemen : I waa troubled with Asthma
for 22 years. I have tried numerous remedies but they have all failed. I ran
across your advertisement and started with a trial bottle. I found relief at
onoe. I have since purchased your full-she bottle, and I am ever grateful. I
have family of four ohildren, and for six years was unable to work. I am now
in the best of health and am doing business every day. This testimony you
can make ouch UBC of as you see fit. Home address 235 Rivington street.
Feb. 5, 1901. S. RAPHAEL, 67 East 129th st., New York City.
Trial bottle sent absolutely free on receipt of postal. Do not delay. Write
at once, addressing DR. TAFT BROS. MEDICINE CO., 79 East 130th St.,
N. Y. City, ?&* Sold by all Druggists._Sept. 4-6m
Slightly Disfigured bat Still in the Ring 1
; YES, we have diafiured the Hayes Stock considerably the post six weeks,
but still have some Bargains left in
Shoes, Hats, Pants and Notions of all Kinds.
I am adding on a Stock of
; Groceries, Sugar, Coffee and Flour.
Try a Barrel of Bransford, Clifton or Spotless, and I am sure you will be
pleased. White Wine Vinegar 25c. per gallon.
'_C. M. BUCHANAN, Masonic Temple.
MEW FIRM !
; T. A. ARCHER and JNO. J. NORRIS have bought L. H. SEEL'S
Stock of Goods and will continue tne business at Mr. Seers old Btand.
The Senior member of the Firm having served his apprenticeship at the
Tinners'- Trade years ago, and who hos been doing business in our city for
years, ia known throughout the County for his pains-taking and good, honest
work, and needs no introduction. * M
Give ?B a call. ; We can SAVE YOU MONEY, for we are selling-off
our old stock to make room for New Goods.
Have a big Stock of STOVES, just as good os new, that must go,
Also, TINWARE, AGATE WARE" WOODEN WARE, BROOMS,
CUTLERY and Household Furnishing Goods.
We also have in connection with our Store a Shop equipped with the best
Tools and Machines that can be had, and we are in a position to do all kinds
of repair work in pur line. 1
ROOFING, PLUMBING and ELECTRIC WIRING.
Yours for business,
ARCHER & NORRI8,
Phone NO. 261. No. 6 Chiquola Block
A Well furnished Home
Is not necessarily an expensively
furnished one, as at TOLLY'S hand
some, even sumptuous, FURNITURE
is procurable without great outlay
Not that we deal in knocked-together
made-to-sell sort, but because we are
content with a reasonable profit on
really good articles of Furniture
Our best witness is the Goods them
G. F. TOLLY & SON,
The Old Reliable Furniture Dealern, Depot St., Anderson, P. O.
- CELEBRATED -
Acme Paint and Cement Cure*
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind,
x?r sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GRAYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.