t iVublishetliivertj Weilncfday.
J. F, Cmnkscalkb, I Editons and
C. C. Langston, S Pkoi'Kietors.
ONE YEAR, - - - - $1 60
SIX MONTHS, - - - 75
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 1, 1902.
ANDERSON'S SEVEREST BLOW.
The Power Company's Dam at Pcrtman
Swept Away?Earle's Bridge Gone.
The people of Anderson are passing
through one of the greatest calamities
which has ever confronted them.
Sunday night last, at eleven o'clock,
the electric current which lights the
entire city ceased suddenly to flow
and as suddenly darkness "reigned
Information soon reached the city
that the dam of the Anderson Water,
Light and Powar Co. at Portman
Shoals had washed away. This infor
mation was credited by very few at
first, but, when a little later it was
officially confirmed, it was a terrible
shock to the entire citizenship.
The terrible calamity, following a
dieaster of this nature, can be under
stood when it is stated that, in addi
tion to lighting the city, this company
furnished power to cotton mills here
employing about eighteen hundred
hands, and distributed 250 horse
power among various other industries
of the city.
Hundreds of people are out of work,
the streets at night are in total dark
ness, and the private residences are
.but dimly lighted by lamps and can
Portman Shoals, where this dam is
located, is situated nine miles west of
this city, on Seneca Hiver. The elec
tric plant ercoted there, whioh in
cludes machinery, dam, buildings,
*c:, represent an outlay of about
J*400,000. Thirty-three hundred horse
power was furnished the city. The
dam is 840 feet long, 44 feet at high
est point and 31 feet and 6 inohes at
base. The rule for the construction
of dams being that the base should be
two-thirds of the heighth, it will be
observed that a margin of safety of
ten per cent had been provided for in
the construction of this dam.
The volume of water was so great
that two hundred feet of the center of
this dam of solid masonry has been
washed away, it was first thought
that the dam was gone entirely to the
b torn, but it is now believed that
ten feet of the base remains; if this
be true, the coat of repairs will not be
oo great. Viewing matters in their
gloomiest aipeets, it is thought that
the repairs on the dam will not exceed
Almost in an instant after the dam
was swept away the power house was
flooded with thirteen feet of water.
This house oontains all the machinery,
aad whether this machinery has been
ruined is problematical. It is thought
it can be dried ont and replaced at a
nominal cost; if not, and it is ruined,
it entailB an additional Iobb of $5G,
000, whioh represents the cost.
No very intelligent estimate of the
loss can now be made, but in any
event, the damages, entire, will be re
paired at onoe.
The Board of Directors met Mon
day, and as a result of this meeting
the Flint Building and Construction
Co., of Palmer, Mass., the largest
construction company in the world
was telegraphed to, and the Supcrin
tendent, with an expert, will reach
Nothing is being left undone by the
President, Dr. S. M. Orr, to put mat
ters baok in original shape, and in
this he haB the hearty co-operation of
11 interested in the plant.
The immediate plans of the Ander
son Water, Light and Power Co. are
outlined as follows by President Orr
An engine bas been telegraphed for
and will be placed at the Orr Cotton
Mills, and the boilers of that mill used
for the engine; a generator, owned by
the Anderson Cotton Mills, and now
here, will be moved and set in motion
by this engine, and in two weeks the
city will be lighted and all its minor
industries supplied with power.
At Portman an attempt will be made
to put in a "false dam," or cofferdam
and generate power sufficient to run
the ootton mills. President Orr
tbiuk? this can be accomplished in
about two months.
It may be well to say, at this point
that sinoe the disaster at Portman
the President, Dr. S. M. Orr, has re
ceived telegrams of sympathy an
offers of assistance from many of th
States, and his friends at home have
been so prompt in expressions
kindness and offers of support, that
he requests us to thank them, and to
say that he feels very grateful and
would gladly reply to each one per
sonally if his time and health permit
That which appeals most to the
sympathies of our people as a result of
t'iis disaster is the fact that so many
families, solely dependent upon their
earning* iu the mills, are thrown out
of employment. Two months, two
weeks, yes. even tw> 'lays, means
much to many of theiu. Our mill
Presidents are fully alive to this fact,
and are doing everything in their
power, and as rapidly as possible, to
relieve these conditions.
The Anderson Cotton Mills are for
tunate in being able to furnish power
for their 18,000 spindle mill, and will
run night and day, having eight hour
shifts, thus giving employment* to
about two-thirds of their employees.
The Orr Cotton Mills were solely de
pendent on the electric power, but the
President has telegraphed for a one
thousand horse-power engine and will
start the mill just as soon as this en
gine can be received and placed.
Wherever the mill operatives can be
used they will be given employment,
and everything done for them which
could reasonably be expected.
Shortly after the breaking of the
dam at Portman?the people being
naturally inclined to the opinion that
the dam had not beeu properly con
structed?it was rumored that the
Electric Water, Light and Power Co.
had reserved $30,000 of the contract
price uutil the work was accepted;
that the work had not been accepted,
and that the contractors bad instituted
suit against the company to recover
this unpaid amount. This rumor was
investigated aud the following found
to be the facts: By contract $0,000
of the construction price was to bo re
tained until the work was accepted;
that because of minor defects the
werk had not been accepted, and that
the contractors had really filed a me
chanics lien to recover the $0,000.
The conditions at the dam Sunday
afternoon shows perhaps the greatest
flood ever known on Seneca River. At
5 o'clock the water was running Sve
feet deep over the waste-weir. In two
hours it rose three feet higher, and
oontinued to rise, running within fif
teen inches of the bulk-head. Trees,
logs and all kiuds of debris were rush
ing madly over the dam, and at 11
o'clock the crash came.
In the power house were three young
men-J. W. Todd, T. K. Glenn sad
D. F. Goggins. The machinery was
in charge of Goggios. When the
break came and the roaring, hissiog,
crashing noise told what had happen
ed, Todd and Glenn rushed for the
; door and escaped. Goggins stopped
just long enough to turn off the electric
current, but in ihat moment tho water
filled the power house to a depth of
thirteen feet, and Goggins found
himself battling in inky darkness
against a watery grave, which seemed
almost inevitable. Rising to the top
and oatching a glimpse of a window,
he swam to it and through it and on
with the rushing ourreot, landing
safely some distance below.
Earle'o Bridge, three miles below
the dam, waa swept away. Thia was a
steel bridge, supported in the middle
by two rook pillars. These pillars
were also swept away, whioh gives
some idea of the terrible force of the
Some very important elections will
be held al the npproaching session of
the Legislature. Amongst others the
judicial elections will probably create
the greatest interests. There are
er? al such positions to be filled.
Tliet .rmof Associate Justice Jones
will expire and a successor will be
chosen to succeed him. Judge Jones
will have no opposition and will like
! ly be unanimously r*- elected. The
following circuit judges will also have
their terms to expire at the end of
the year: Buchanan, Benet, Watt,
Aldrioh, Gage and Klugh. The first
two will not stand for re-election, and
there are many lawyers in their re
spective circuits who would not mind
being selected. So far as known
none of the other cirouit judges will
Now is the time when we begio to
make New Year r?solutions and to
agree with ourselves that we will live
in 1902 for only the highest and the
best. But of all the resolutions ever
made none will prove more helpful
and more strengthening than an un
breakable determination to repeat
purposely each day of the New Year
the prayer of Robert Louis Steven
sou: "Tho day returns and brings ua
the petty round of irritating concerna
and duties. Help ua to play the
man; help ua to perform them with
.laughter and kind faces. Let cheer
fulness abound with industry. Bring
us to our resting beds weary and con
tent and uodiahonored, and grant us
in the end the gift of sleep. Amen."
A Washington dispatch says the
promotors of the proposition to re
duce the representation of the South
ern States in Congress are not very
much encouraged to continue the
efforts started bo bravely at the begin
ning of the session. The prospects of
a favorable action are not regarded as
so promising as they seemed a few
It may not be long before Presi
dent Roosevelt will have an entirely
new Cabinet of his own choosing.
Postmaster General Charles Emory
Smith and Secretary of the Treasury
Gucc have both tendered their resig
nations, which have been accepted,
and it i? rumored that other members
will piobubly go out in the nvar future.
'I'll North Carolina delegation in
Congress will unite in asking (.'on
gross to make a liberal appropriation
for tbe celebration next summer at
Roanoke Island in commemoration of
tbe landing of the Sir Walter Kaieigh
It is announced that the Baltimore
and Ohio railroad haB completed ar
rangements, effective at once, for the
sale of through tickets between the
North and South via Washington in
connection with the Southern railway
and have practically opened another
gateway to tbe South.
The weather prophets are now
shaking hands with themselves on the
snow question. Every weather proph
et, who goes in for "signs," holds as
part of his creed that a fog in August
means a snow in winter. The accept
ed authorities state that there were
nine fogs in August, so there must be
nine shows. Fi ve are to follow. Some
prophets claim eleven fogs. Accord
ing to their count there will be six
more snows this winter.
President Roosevelt has taken an
unique and unexpected position rela
tive to the decision rendered by the
Schley court of inquiry. He haH re
buked Miles for praising Schley and
has demanded the resignation of Ma
clay for villifying Schley. He evi
dently means to end the discussion if
possible by crushing out all the dis
contented on either side. President
Roosevelt is thus early demonstrating
the fact that he has a way of going at
things that is distinctively Roosevel
The Attorney-General haB filed suit
against the Virginia-Carolina Chemi
cal Co. for violation of anti-trust laws.
At the last session of the General
Assembly a joint resolution was pass
ed instructing the Attorney-General
to make "an investigation" to deter
mine by what authority the Virginia
Carolina Chemioal Company is doing
business in this State," and then that
"he institute such proceedings, civil
or criminal, as may be neoeBsary to
prevent and punish the violations of
suoh laws against trusts and combina
11? ? n
A statement exhibiting the extent
of the cotton manufacturing industry
of the United States for the year 1900
as compared with 1890 has bee.i issued
by the census bureau. The statement
places the total value of cotton manu
facturing products at $336,974,882, a
gain of over 25 per oent. since 1890.
The number of establishments in 1900
was 1,051, a gain of 16 per cent; the
oapital employed $467,240,157, a gain
of 32 per oent; salaried officials 4,996,
a gain of 84 per cent; amount paid in
salaries $7,735,129, a gain of 117 per
cent; average number of wage earners
302,861, a gain of 38 per oent; total
wages paid $90,384,532, a gain of 36
per cent; cost of materials used $176,
551,527, a gain of 14 per cent.
The Grest Exposition,
Charleston, Dee. 29, 1901.
Editor Intelligencer: The Live
Stock Department of The South Caro
lina Inter-State and West Indian Ex
position has been placed under the
direction of Mr. George F. Weston,
who has been for a number of years
actively engaged \p the management
of the Stock Farms of Goo. W. Van
derbilt, near AshevUle, North Caro
lina. Mr. Weston has succeeded in
interesting stock growers all over the
country in the Exposition at Charles
ton and has fixed January 6 for the
opooing of the live stock exhibit at
Charleston. It will be the largest
and most important exhibit that has
ever been made in the South. More
than one thousand animals have al
ready been entered in competition for
the $15,000 in prises whioh has been
offered by the Exposition Company.
Tbe money to pay these prises ia now
on deposit in the Bank of Charleston
and will be paid to the successful
competitors immediately upon the
close of the stook exehibition. Some
of the ohampion herds of the wprld
and winners on two continents will
take part in the competition. The
breeds represented will be Herefords,
Short-Horns, Galloways, Devons, Red'
polls, Brown Swiss Jerseys, Guern
seys, Ayrshires, Holsteins, French
Canadian and Dutch Belted.
In the Sheep exhibit there will be
Shrodshires, Southdowns, Merinos,
Ramboullattes, Hampshire Downs,
Cheviots, Lincolns, Dorsets and Ox
In the Swine exhibit there will
be Berkshires, Poland-China. Chesh
ires, Yorkshires, Tamoorhts, Duroo
Jersey*, Chester- Whites, Victoria
'< Essex and O. I. C.
! Among the herds will be the cham
: pions from seventeen different States.
There is an immense field in all of
the Southern country for tho develop
' ment of large catth growing indus
tries and particularly in the lowlands
all along the Atlantio coast ic ..here
an abundance of grazing for cattle,
sheep and swine. The livo stock ex
hihit at Charleston is expected to give
an impetus to the cattle growing in
dustry of the South. In addition to
t!iii livo stock exhibits at Charleston
there will be throughout the Expoti
tion period a splendid exhibit of race
.stock on too Exposition grounds, as
uiaoy as live hundred stables having
been provided for the horses which
have been or will be entered for the
races during the Exposition period.
Under the arrangements made by the
Charleston Racing Association five
races will be given daily exoepting
Sunday during the Exposition period.
The prizes for these races aggregate
$1,000 a day.
The exhibitors and concessionaires
at the Exposition have organized a
club for the double purpose of for
warding the interests of the Exposi- j
tion and that of the firms which they |
represent. The president of the club j
is il. C. Bliss, the vice president,
Wallace II. Shaw and the secretary
and treasurer, L. C. Good. The ex
hibitors have made splendid progress
in the last week in the installation of
their exhibits. The attendance on the
exposition is steadily increasing. The
races a^e proving a splendid attraction;
the buildings and grounds present a
most charming appearance and the
railroads are doing a heavy passenger
business. To-morrow will be Citadel
Academy day at the exposition and
New Year's day will be celebra
ted by the negroes as Emancipation
day. Arrangements are being made
for the International League of Press
Clubs and the Pen and Pencil Clubs
of Philadelphia, which will spend two
days at the Exposition in January,
and an elaborated programme will be
made for the reception of the Liberty
bell, whioh will arrive here on Janu
The cyclorama of the Second Battle
of Manassas was opened to the public
at tho Exposition on the 21st inst.
Seven h undred distinguished people
were invited, including the city offi
cials and the management of the
Exposition. None were prepared for
the great treat that was awaiting them.
The guests were conducted through a
long tunnel to the center of the enor
mous building, and from an elevated
platform a spectacle was presented
that was stirring in the extreme.
Fifty thousand veterans of illustrious
Lee and Jackson's armies were seen
rushing into a deadly combat with
Pope's entire army. The illusion in
this cycloiama is surprisingly perfect.
The foreground blends into the scenic
part of the cyclorama so perfectly
that it tries the skill of an artist to
detect it. Looking out over the
beautiful landscape, you have views
for miles into the country around
Manassas and Bull Run. You are
pleased with the artistic beauty, and'
your interest is augmented by the
great battle seene, so realistio that
you oan see the smoke of battle and
find yourself listening for the boom of
cannon. Gen. Lee and staff are plain
ly aeen near by, through the smoke
and eaaily recognised by an old sol
dies who fought with. him. This is
one of the great features of the Ex
position, and the management is to be
congratulated on seouring this at
traction, as it cost $100,000 to pro
duce it in Paris, France. It has merit,
and deserves success. S
The following named persona were
elected representatives of the Veterans
in the vnnous Townships in Anderson
County, S. C. :
Anderson?J. J. Gilmer.
Belton?John T. Green.
Broadway?P. G. Acker.
Brushy Creek?Win. Murphy.
Centerville?J. A. Eskew.
Fork?John C. Gantt.
Gar vin?T. J. Jones.
Hopewell-W. L. Bolt.
Honea Path?D. R. Greer.
Hall?J. B. Leveret.
Martin?L. N. Martin.
l'en die ton?A. J. Sitton.
Kock jl/ills?B. P. Shirley.
Savannah?R. P. Clinkscales.
Varennes?S. H. Stone.
Williamston?W. C. Meredith.
The soldiers and widows, who are
now on the pension roll, will not have
to make new applications, but those
not on the roll will have to make appli
cation, and all muat report to the rep
resentative of Veterans in the Town
ship in which they live on or before
January 13th. You can get blanks by
calling at Clerk of Court'o office.
The representatives of Veterans will
file their report with Clerk of tho Coun
ty Penson Board on or before 16th Janu
ary 1003, also repart all who have
died,. left theState or County. Please
get up report in alphabetical order.
John T. Green, Chm'n.
Attest : J. J. Gilmer Clerk of Board.
The following ara the rnlea for the
guidance of Coun.y Pension Boards,
aa authorized >v Act approved 10th
The attention oi the County Pension
Boards is directed to the certificate of
the two witnesses which requires that
they shall not be on the pension roll:
that is a change from the old form and
too much attention can not be given it.
County Boards are earnestly request
ted to send in a list of all pensioners
on the roll of 1001 who have died or
DON'T STOP T
But come along and let us fit j
with a good Cook Stove, Hi
Stove, Oil Stove,.
For we are in the Stove business and c
We aleo do? ,
We nbo carry n complete line
ENAMELWARE aud CUTLERY.
Phon? No. 261.
Do not use old blanks, but thosepre
pared under Act 1U0U They will be
designated by "Application under Act
The County Hoards are cautioned to
provide the applicants with blanks suit
able to his or her individual case.
Class A.?Those who as a, TtmnlLoZ
wounds received in the war are physi
cally helpless, or who while in such ser
vice lost both arms, or both legs, or
aiftht ; or who are disabled by paraly- '
sis and are unable to make a living,
and whose income does not exceed
?150. This does not include soldiers
whose disabilities arise from diseases
and causes arising since the war.
Class B.?Those who have lost one
arm or one leg and whose income does
not exceed $150.
Class C, No. 1.?Those soldiers and
sailors disabled by wounds received
during the war, whose income does not
Class C, No. 2.?Those who have
reached the age of sixty (GO) years and
whose iocomo does not exceed $75.00.
Class C, No. 3.?Widows of those who
lost their lives while in the service of
the State or Confederate States and
whose incomes does not exceed
Class C, No. 4.?Widows above the
age of sixty (GOj years whose income
does notexcecd ?100.00.
County Boards cannot be too careful
in these matters of "income1' and
He is a very poor man whose gross
income from labor, rent and other
sources docs not exceed $75.00, or pom
lands, if any, that will not produce this
Property sufficient to produce $75.00
in applicant's or wife's name debars
Where soldiers or widows dispos o of
their property by giving or selling to
their child! m, tney are debarred.
Widows f pensioners who re-marry
are not entitled to a pension.
Pensioners who have moved to an
other State are not entitled to a pen
Those who have moved to another
county must have their names trans
ferred and draw their pension from
S. C. Inter-State and West Indian
Tho Charleston and Western Caroli
na Railway beg to announce that they
havfe arranged reduced rates from all
their stations to Charleston on account
Parties can avail themselves of a sea
son ticket, a ten-day or a seven-day 1
ticket, from any point on this line ni ;
very low rates. Apply to agents for
further information, as to schedules,
rates, etc. W. J. Cruig,
General Passenger Agent.
Can get your?
Filled here JUST RIGHT, and of j
the best Goods and the lowest prices.
Yours for Christmas,
C. FRANK SOLT.
The Cash Grocer.
A PLEASED MAN !
A GOOD PHOTOGRAPH gives a
great deal of pleasure, and my Spe
cialty is the Photographs that will
have life-like accuracy and artistic
excellence. I combine the best points
to produce the best Photographs.
J H. COLUWfi
O READ THIS 1
an give you a bargain in these Goods.
ing and Bell Work.
, of TINWARE, \yOODENWARE,
, BOUGHT. '
tRCHER & MORRIS,
No. 6 Chiquola Block
Toys and Fancy Goods are now laid aside and this Storo
has enjoyed the heaviest Christmas Trade since our estab?
lishment in this city. Notwithstanding the inclement
weather the Store has for several days been crowded to the
doors with eager buyers.
Heavy Winter Goods
? AT -?
Great Reductions Now 1
Clearance Sale in every one of the Departments of this
Store to quickly reduce the entire Stock of Heavy Winter
Goods. We intend that great reductions in prints will prove
tha attraction, and our profit-taking will not be considered.
We will continue through this sale to issue our Coupons
for Free Premiums.
Aeents for the American Lady Corset.
Agents for Butterick patterns.
Ask for Coupons for
TO YOU AL
IN looking for a PRESENT for the loved ones, nf?Dg appeals so much
to the taste and idea of the beautiful as artistic?
We would feel honored if, on your next vhnjto Anderson, S. C, you
would call and examine our Stock, in Cups and Sfcera, Individual Plates"
New and beautiful designs. /
Salad Dishes, Nuts and Raw* Dishes,
Bowl*, Wine Glasses, Glaspare,
Hew Mottled Ware, Lamp
Albums and Work Boxes.]
WE? JHAVE CUT TO C?T
All Dress Goods, Capefffid Jasltets.
We have a beautiful line. Also, full liae off
Outings, Checks, Home Jon, Calico, ,
Shirts, Undershirts anyrawers.
8HOB8 i?We think beat line wefre ever had at very low price*
We think you can find what you wacfod would be pleased to show
you what we have.
W.F.MARSfALL & CO.
36 Granite Rowjttderson, S. C.
D. 8. VANMVER.
E. P. VANDIVERt
JDERSON, a C, December, 1901.
IF you h&ve to buy a bill r * Jds, any aise, before Chiiatmas and wii
come to see us, we will be certain Irade. We are Felling?
Heavy "Dty jpods and Shoes
C?EAPEB TH?$? ANYBpl "
Floor ,1 ffiee, Tobacco* '
Lard * &arvBacon5 &c,,
AT PRICES THAT WILL f L YOU.
I VANDIVER BROS,
Between Msiscsic IV* ar,r* the Peoples Bank.
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