Newspaper Page Text
ALTHOUGH Professor Ooldwln !
tain that his status Is exactl
grand old man." and, again, a;
polnl of fact, there exists a gi
for, and there are thooe who a;
there is a host on Loth sides of the At]
sure of himself to feel warranted In hil
has not lacked the courage of hin oplnloi
IT ls peculiarly fitting that tho na
tional memorial to the late ?Presi
dent McKinley should stand in or j
near the cemetery at Canton. O.,
which, in accordance with his ex
pressed wish, has been chosen U3
rda last resting place. His remains
were placed pr?vislonally in tho reeelv- :
lng vault ot' Westlawn cemetery, near
Canton, where at present they lie,
guarded by a picked detail of regular ?
troops. It was In Canton that Mr. Mc
Kinley gained'his first professional lau
rels. There also he wooed and married
the faithful wlfo who -now survives
him, and there his highest honors
sought him out.
lt was in January,-1S71, that William
McKinley.married Miss Ida Saxton, the
belle of Canton. Her grandparents a
century ago ware among the founders
of the town, and there the. young couple
N . led a life that all who observed it said
j was both charming and ideal in its
? beauty and tenderness. Here their only
I children were horn-Katie, whose birth
occurred oh Christmas day, 1871, and
Ida, born in 1873. Both daughters died
? in early childhood, and tho terrible j
shock of these two deaths In quick !
' succession was a blow that proa- j
trated Mrs. McKinley so completely ,
that she -has never really rallied j
and ever since hns been an Invalid.
, Thus a mournful interest attaches to
the cemetery containing those two lit
tle mr nods beneath which are burled
the baLl?ri ivh?ke loss left a lifelong j
sorrow ta William McKinley and hla ?
Mr. McKinley's father and mother are ;
Also buried In, the same lot, their i
gii..e'-. being marked by simple hoad- I
atones rising above and just behind the j
children's mounds. William McKinley. ?
r^r., whose strong and sturdy nature his '
?on inherited, died in 1S92, hn.l - Moth
cr" McKinley, porn Allison," who was j
the object of her famous son's solid- !
tude to the very last, passed away at
v. anton In IS?T7. ?
Westlawn cemetery, which contains
thc I urjed hopes of that sorrowing
wir- und mother now the object of our
nation's tenderest regard, ls of Itself
ah attractive spot, seemingly created
by nat vre to excite the noblest senti
ments at.d worthy lo bc the last resting
place of ene whose death called forth
unhersal ? ?f;ret. It Is not of great ex
tent, corita;ling within thc limits of
the cemetery proper not more than sov
enty acres. ;bct its surface is undulat
ing and divei tilled with magnificent
oak trees of t'.ic kind t>u characteristic
of that portion'.Of Ohio. The natura.!"
landscape fcntuies have been judi
ciously enhanced by careful attention
to their environment, and tho result ls
one of the most beautiful spots of its
kind In the world.
The Paris fire department has recent
ly put Into successful operation on elec
tric automobile ''hook and ladder" wag
on, which eojnpletea the organi2;itlon
of the automobile system which the
Paris authorities have had in contem
plation "and-with which they have been
experimenting for several years. The
OLD HAN O
PROFESSOR GOLDWIN SMITH.
Smith h;.c b<:en a resident ot Toronto foi
y settled In the Cmadlnn mind. Ho \<
? England's foremost writer of vigorous
Who settled in our midst to teach us his
reut variety of opinion us to what Goldw
isert thnt ho dons not know himself. B
lantlc, net only c'.alm taut ho knows hl3
3 persistent attempts to teach others tho
Overlooking (lils cenietery and rising
from lt by a gentle ace.lvlty is u mound
about seventy-five feet high containing I
?omo five ?'.cres, .upon the r?ummlt o?
which lt is purposed to erect the memo- :
rial torib of the martyr president. !
Aside from Its contiguity lo u spot
.nude sacred by association, it ia o? it- '
r.slf of surpusrdng beauty nnd Cnn
manda ono of the world's finest views,
according to those who have visiten lt.
and enjoyed th?? prospect from its crest.
Two miles nwuy Hos the city of Canton,
from which and from the country sur
rounding to a great distance tho memo
rial monument will be plainly visible.
Immediately at its reet ia the cemetery,
from which it is separated by n stvenm
that ripples over pebhles and glides bc
nouth o\ rhnn?:lng tro?s.
Many memorials to the into ?'resjld nt
McKinley have been p'roJtVeted] In the
shape of tablets, busts, statues, win
dows, chu r chen and do* lu ns for hew is
sues of stumps and currency. The first
monument already erected l's believed
lo have boon ono unveiled nt Tower,
Mich.. In November last, and the first
memorial window to be completed ht
that in o church In Cranford, N. J.
The Initial stops for the oreclioti of
the Canton memorial were taken ami *
call was Issued for popular sui scriptlans
to th?' object in vieAV at a mooting h'-ld
the third wed: in Sept einher. Tho .Mc
Kinley Memorial association. with
twenty-five officers and trustees, in
cluding JudRe William l?. l)?y us pres
ident, Marcus A. Hanna us vice pres
ident, Myron T. Herrick ns treasurer
and Hyerson nitchie as secretary, was
organised, with headquarters in Cleve
lt is hoped and expect?!.' that the trib
ute to take the concrete shape of u na
tional memorial will be ^pontaneons
and popular in the Widest st ns??. .No
large contributions are asked for or ex
pected. Lut all the people are invited io !
testify hy their offerings, larg? or ?
small, their respect for the departed ox- j
The amount desired for the consum
mation of thls'projrct is placed ur M.
GOO.ODO. in order that a memorial shall
he erected to surpuS3 anything of sim- .
linr character on this com incut. In ad- .
ditton to this "scheme there ls another,
thc William McKinley Memorial Arch
association, which purposes to erect a
magnificent arch In Washington nt the
entrance to the great memorial bridge
across the Potomac thal has been so
many (yedrs before the public U3 an
eventuality depending upon . a grant
irc~. congress; In deference to thc*
wishes of the Canton association, the
memorial arch committee has agreed
to withhold Its proposed solicitation
for national contributions and instead
hus determined to appeal to congress
for Hie amount necessary for tho carry
ing out ot the project In Ita entirety.
The sum necessary for tho construe-']
tio'n of the memorial brjdge, together
with the arch, is also estimated nt $1,
SENSATIONS. . I
truck carries Rix men anJ the appara
tus first needed at a fire-ladders, ropes
and a reel of ?anva-j hose.
The Bclglun government has experts
selecting large quantities or electrical
equipment. Cape Town, South Africa, !
ls to be furnished with several thou
sand American incandescent lamps. |
. thirty years, lt ls by no means cor
sometlmes alluded to as "Canada's
prose, and. still again, ns that "hy
Idras of what we ought to do." In
In Smith ts. waa or nt present stands
ut nls friends and admirers, of-whom
own mind, but that he ld sufilelently
way they ou~ht to go. He certainly
500,000, or possibly $2,000,000. making a
total of $3,600,000.
lt has been Known for ssveral yea ra
that lhere was u project for a national
memorial bridge across the Potomac ut
Washington, and lp connection with
this scheme lt waa proposed to link thc
?TWILu BE LOCATED ON
THE CREST OF THE WILL .
McKinley arch hy locating lt some
where on the great plana that was to
form nr.' of its approaches on the cap
ra! side of the" river. Thia b.-idge was
designed* ?is a monument to American
patriotism, and not only that, but as
an embellishment of the national cap
ital. As oilglnally projected and ac
cepted hy the war department, it was
fathered by Senator McMillan of Mich
igan, .who Is chairman of the senate
committee of the District of Columbia,
and approved by Colonel Bingham, th*
superintendent of parks,and grounds.
Colonel Bingham, lt will be remember
ed, hes announced some extensive addi
tions to tb** White House-by which
more room may he obtained in that his
toric mansion. th? several effect bc
enhanced if possible an J "th? ordinal
architectural Achime be preserved, lt
Most American electric plants are
crowded with orders for European ?le- j
German newspapers are admitting |
ti..it Americio rn o chin o tools are so far
nhcr.d of those made in Germany that
home manufacturers, are .being crowd
ed out bf the markot.
Like the Japanese, the Norwegians
i are very superstitious, and, as in Ju
\'AV . r .? '}?:??:#*>*
! . ? ... .'y. ?v- 1 .?. , i . il 5 i??./!
. . ? ? ? '
Born in Reading. England. Aug. 13. 1823. Goldwin Smith still retains his wonderful mental grasp of affairs, his
physical vigor and his disposition to show mankind their errors und hold up to them tludr failures, both as individ
uals and collectively as? bodies politic.
Educated at Eton and Oxford und graduating from the university In IRIS, Goldwin Smith was' admitted to the
bar, but never practiced. He was reglus professor ut Oxford from lSi*8 to I860. While at Oxford he waa cl ?aen aa special
instructor in history of the then Prince of Wules, now King Edward VII. of England, for whom he has always pro- -
fessed a wunn admiration. In 1SGI he made his first visit to America on a lecturing tour through the States. .An en
thusiastic* reception wus accorded him. Returning to England with the degree of LL. D., bestowed by Brown univer
sity, lu? resu tied h!? chair .at Oxford, hut two years later yielded io hts inclination to ally himself with the great and
growing nation a?rons the Atlantic and came to this country again In 1868 to accept the chair ot English and constitu
tional history at Cornell University. In 1871. he exchanged his chair at Corned for that of a nonresident professor at
that Institution. * ?
Although on Englishman to the core, with all an Englishman's love for native land and country life and rever
ence for certain British Institutions, yet Professor Smith was iconoclastic aa to certain others, and he expatriated
himself of his own volition. Unlike that other " grand old mun." Gladstone, who rose to eminence'despite the oppres
sive traditions and Institutions of his native iBlnnd and never loft it save for a brief trip abroad, Goldwin Smith could
not breathe freely an atmosphere vitiated by monarchical exhalations. He was too loyal a "Britisher" to desire the
destruction of a fabric lt, which were Interwoven wo many dynastic Ideas deterrent of progress and too pronounced
lu his views to continue t J reside beneath a flag which ly pilled and symbolized them all. So he came to America to
Inhal? the air of freedom: but. Unding Jt altogether too rarefied for his Hritish lungs, he* compromised WflS himself,
though not with his opinions, and took up hi? residence In Canada. T?tere for the past thirty years Goldwin Smith has
continued lo reside, a Canad!;'ri In name only, a pronounced "Britisher" 'In his views of things and an American in
his admiration of our "institutions," though apparently much against his will.
While, superficially viewed, Coldwln Smith Ss a paradox and a contrariety, to those" who have studied his writ
ings and heeded his monitions he |* consistent and true, ror while at times he may be influenced by th?
prejudices naturally cnns>-c-.i : : ui"'.i his insular hirth and education, ns a profound student of history he judges the
world nnd Its doings from the rent?te sm nd point of the cosmic observer. With vision clarified by a long continued
survey cf events, he- reasons from fundamental facts and "applies the principle of historical development-the prog
r.-Ks of mankind through the if? .?..ti of individu?is-tb-present day,1 politics. To understand his concision"of history
is to understand lo a degree his puyltion toward thc events of his times." True u? tho needle to the pole os to his
conviction*, yet those convictions a.o sometimes as a rock in the path of the Individual und cause him to stumble.
The laws of cause and effect, unvarying, immutable, may Le applied with perfect safety to an impersonal proposi
tion, but when they reach th<- iudlvtduul thot Individual ls liable to squirm and to protest.
It ls this tendency to speak out that .vii len ls in him and to enter his protest In advance of most other .men that
lias made him so unpopular with the musses, as, for instance, in Canada In advocating annexation. They are prone
to look upon him in Canada as a "charlutania Rhadamathus" seeking to thrust his opinion upon his adopted fellow
countrymen unasked, because, forsooth, lie predicts, baring his argument upon what he believes is Inevitable in the .
cause of national development, that Canada will ultimately merge her national existence with that of the'United
States. The chief trouble ls, apparently, that the ripest minds In Canada are .sVidcntly of the same opinion, though
far from willing io admit lt. On the part of tho t'niied Kt^te?, he admits, there is no strong desire for annexation,
but the inevitable is bound in happen, and so what's the use of combating It? .At the same time he has always'dur
lng.all th? years he ha* been calling attention to the inevitableness of annexation'been telling the Canadians to
soothe themselves and not ?et excited. In his famous speech ten years ago oin "Jingoism." for instance, he said: "!.t
seems that nothing can conjure the specter of American aggression. We were told the other day that we were lying
under tho colossal shadow of a rapacious neighbor whose greedy maw was gaping to devour us. Colossal our ned gi .
ber and his shadow may be, but where ate the signs of his rapacity? At the clone of the civil war the Americans
had a vast arid victorious army: they had also a groat fleet; yet they showed no disposition to attack us."
Such language ls nat calculated to make friends with thc Canadian extremists, neither are his remarks anent
England's imperialism in the nature of halm for previous wounds Inflicted by his rapier, for he believes and s:\ys
that her colonies should be left . wc-k out their own salvation without interference or intervention'of any sort. The
so called Imperial chain of colonies, he declares, ls but "a rope of sand that sooner or later will fall arnrt and leave
the mother country without a friend."
Taking wide flights In his studies and sweeping the world's horizon in his researches, Goldwin Smith cannot but
treat of sociological subjects, and, as every one knows, these are like fire and tow to many Individuals. Neither has
he steered with too much care between thc Scylla and Charybdis of religious topics, for he bas taken a bold stand
and assumed an undaunted front, hewing to the line as he finds lt, regardless of whom the chips' shall strike. Yet.
airain. In hts essays cn social questions like anarchism, communism und socialism lils analyses of their underlying
qualities arc revelations to even the closest student, though their conclusions are not always In harmony with tho
opinions of the majority. "The ostentatlous rich." he maintains, "belong to the dangerous class as truly as the bomb
With lt all, however, Goldwin Smith believes in* "equality." rightly construed, and In the ultimate triumph of the
orderly progression of events. So this man makes for ultimate righteousness, whatever dissension ho may cause In
pussing. When he shall huve left this mundane sphere, lt will be the better for his having lived and worked in Uv v*
Although known as a thorough cosmopolitan in the best senses. Professor Smith is not a globe trotter. fee lives 4
quietly In an Ivy wnlled. tdd time house, said .to be the first ever .built In Toronto and called the Grange, set back
from noise and traille nmid the giant trees of a beautiful park. Here, except for a brief seqson in midwinter at
Lakewood, N. J., or In some more soutnot-n resort, he passes lils time in study with due modicum of rest and recre
ation. Canada may rot love him altogether, but she ls proud cf him.
The Grange, which forms so fit an environment for a man of studious habits, came to Professor Smith with
his wife, who was Mrs. Harriet Boulton, daughter'of Thomas Dixon of, Roston. He was married to her in 1875.
l?ense and grounds are bits of old England transported ta Toronto, and within the former are many tokens of tho
artistic and literary tastes of its occupants. A large library, of course, forms the chief furnishing of the author's
spuclous Gtudy, the rooms are filled with antique .mahogany furniture and -the walls are adorned with portraits of
Professor Smlth'3 friends, who comprise most of England's worthies of the past half century. ,
While he hus retired from active participation in affairs political and literary, Goldwin Smith has not ceased to
use his pen and still writes articles for papers and magazines with all his old time vigor. ConsIst?nt to the laat
he hns not hesitated to denounce the methods of the United States in the Philippines as well as those of Great Brit
ain in Souih Aft ic?, yet it ia the philosopher wno speaks and warns, not the hot tempered partisr.n, H?j ls anti al
ways has been the stanch friend of America, not Alone of the United States, but of her northern sister. Canada. It
wats in 1872 that he edited tha Canadian Monthly,. founded the Canadian Nation in 1874 and The Bystander in 1S80;
but, though all? have died peaceful deaths long since, he still lectures the public each' week through the columns of
tho'Toronto Sun over the pseudonym of Bystander. As this paper has a.wld* circulation and as he contributes
numerous articles to the best magazines in the United States and England. Goldwin Smith's opinions are well known.
As the author of twenty-eight books, first. last and alt the time representative of the highest Standards of our lit
erature, especially those treating of social and political problems. Professor Goldwin Smith ls acknowledged to be un
surpassed by any other modern historian of his class. He is a survival of a past aga of scholarly erudition.and is re
spected by all who admire original achievement and Intellectual attainments of the highest order.
, . . . * ELBERT O. WOODSON.
io in line with his work and, hi.? sugges
tl?r.*? that the memorial brldgo has
been pushed of late, and he ls enthusi
astic es Indeed i s every one who has
tho tmpr?venieril Of.\ the capital nt
heart, tor Us adoption and completion.
Tho plan of' tho capltfil? architects and
landscapo. ?afdeners-. cont?mplate? a*
magnificent 'avenue running through
tho Malt from the capitol tc? the Poto
mac, formlnjf .an uninterrupted line of
eommuri?cat?qn for the w-rjolv distance
between the- URI ,>n<J. of Washington
and the' national; cemetery at Arling
ton. This boulevard would thus con
nect two complete yet dissimilar archi
tectural . centurs-after the bridge ls
completed-and round out tho plans so
pose last October.Commissioner Mac
Farland. president of the . McKinley
ArcJ. association, declared that there
capital axul the ofle to "erect a monu
ment to his me.n'ory over or near his
grave at Canton. O. Since then th*
plans for both schemes have been more
nearly perfected, and fov the present
the greater ls to be held ,In abeyance
until the lesser shajl haye been accom
While lt is possible and even probablo
that, some action? may be taken toward
erecting a memorial' bridge, to."be
adorned with colossal statues ot Lin
coln. Grant. Lee. Garfield and perhaps
TOMBS OF TME LATE PRE S IDENT^ PARENTS??
THE LATE PRESIDENT'S TWO
CHILDREN WHO DIED IN INFANCY
ARE BURrBD MERU. ?
of the city.
At a mass meeting held for that pur?
pan. the forests, tho mountains amt the
gorge? are peopled with fairies. Nissen
ls the good fairy of the fanners. He
looks efte.*" the cfcttlo particularly, and
if he ts \vcll. treated they "rf healthy
end- the, cows r.tvo tots cf milk. To pro
pitiate him lt ls uoeep'sary to pdt a dish
of porridge on the threshold of ihr cow
? stable ort Christmas ; morning,. When
Iov'.-r the family moves this invisible
cou.o oe no conilict between the propo
sition to erect a national arch in honor
of President McKinley In the national
other heroes of our history, the Canton
memorial really has a hotter prospect
of completion in the near.future? as' on*
appealing moro directly to the sympa
thies of the people axid not dependent
upon a congressional appropriation.
JAMES L. "^HANBEY. ,
being goes along with them and sits on
thc top of tho loads.
An annual plant growing in tropical
Africa belonging to tho leguminous
' class.,!? largely smftivated' by the no
j groes. ?3 a food article, lt has also been
. introduced to some extent in southern
I Asia iind Brazil, itt ia called woandau
* by the African negroes. The botanical
name lr Glycine subterr?nea. A French
expert chemist of ailments has recently,
analyzed the fruit of the woahdsu with j
reference to its chemical composition
nnd .lt? value ns food. Tho fruit, like
tho pcanut,?mature3 under ground. The
eatable kernel .lias the shape of "an ogg
and ts dark red. with black stripes and
a white hllum, like most beana..
Elephants in the indian a|imy are fed
twice a day. When mealtime* ftrrlvea.
FHEEMASQNRY IN THE
SOUTH Af RICAN WAR.
Among the Boera there ?re hundreds
ol Freemasons, and not a few of them ,
belong to Engliah lodges. *
"It ls a well known fact out here/*
writes a British trooper from Middel
burg, ''that If a soldier who la a Mason
happens tc be mads pi?co?er by ibe
" ' ' B o e ra he ls
?My??- ? ' 1 treated much
jR?\ better than his
?B\ ^fftfe non-Masonic
-^rVjfy/f^\. "Ono Partleu"
O^^-if/^/ >_J\ lar case," he
) (MS. Mer JcJ aayfl' "wafl oi
I f^br un offlcer ?f tno
HifP^PlA ^ Imperial yeo
? "AjSbJ marj ry who wo?
ThFv " ^"K I/? captured in th?
yyKSs^. (_^f(\ Orange River
TgysLr*rs\m^j't . , Colony. He had
's! cv*' <2w^V ^en trekWr*8 ***
^5Ssiirf????^\ % & prisoner with
his men for
j /^rV^/'l :*?any days, ,
>. y \ * * when in some
- ? 1 ? r rnyaterloua way
Offered huh hU freedom, intimated to
the Boer com
mandant thai be was a Mason, From
that day until the prisoners arrived
near the Natal border every possible
kindness was.tdmwn him. On arriving
near a BHtish camp th? c?m'mftnd<H?t
came to him one evening .and ottered
him his freedom, also a horse and Capo
cart, W-.lth ? guide, if he wished t?.'eB*
cape under cover of the darkness. This,
however, the ofifcer rofuised, saying that
he would nui use his ivins on ry ior sucn
a purpose and preferred rather to,-stay
with hi? m?rt..
".Almost fell the old Transvaal govern
ment offlclal? are. Musons, and even
away ih th? wildest parts of the veldt
each attie Village has ita ; Masonic
lodge." ; .. ?. : ? i _
KNIGHTHOODS FOR WoMEN.
Tho order of knighthood has some
times bfeeri -formally e?hf?rred oh la
dies. The British Older of the Garter,
established hi the fourteenth century,
was first shared by both sexes, beim;
originally founded in a lady's honor.
The effigy of ah early Lady Harcourt in"
the churchyard of Stanton Harcourt.ts
represented with the darter on.;lifer
arm. .. .., 'Z .
Many oth?r ,w?ll krioWH ladles have
borne, the earrie honor. But the addi
tion of ladies to. the roil of the Garter
se?ms to haV? ceased with the wara p,f
the .roses. ? ??Ver?l attempts were made
to restore the fair knighthood. Queen
Victoria instituted two Orders which
differed f'rhtn that of the Garter by be
ing limiten tb ladles alone. These are
the Royal Order bf Victoria and Albert,
founded lb, 1862, end the Imperial-G*\
der of the Crown of .india, established
in 1ST8. Many Indian princesses belt ag
to the latter: .. ; ' : .
?Going from England to the continent,
we find other ' knightly orders which ,
have admitted ladies. There 1B the
Austrian Order of the Starry 'Cross,
and there is an order Instituted by the
Russian Peter the i Great In honor , of
Catherine I. Men were originally ad
mitted to this, but were afterward ex
Russia boasts of the Marla medal;-,?
decoration reserved solely for ladles or
unblemished character and distinguish*- ..
ed service. Spinsterhood received a
premium, from the queen. of Bay?rife
when she founded the Order of Theresa.
for unmarried noblewomen, with a.pen-.,
sion that should cease at raarrl?ge. In
Prua?ia we find the Order ? of Louisa
and that of'the Cross of M?rlt-f-the .first.
for ladies only, the second shared by
THE "BI8HOPf8" BRACELET.
Regarding the ingenious modes of
theft practiced by . professional thieves
the following good story ls told: -
After inspecting various specimen!} fte
agreed to take a bracelet that cost $300.
The bishop poid for his purchase with
a bank note, which, t his own sugges
tion, the jewelers sent across to their
bank to have verified. The note being
found correct, the bishop took -the
bracelet and was just about to step Into
his carriage when a policeman tapped
him on the .''Shoulder, and said:. . ?
? Hello! So you're up to your, old
tricks a go In, are you? YoU come ulong
with me." And he> brought him back to
Tho jewelers said there' Was some
mistake, that the gentleman teas a
bishop,vlhat he had Just bought a brace
let and paid for it With a perfectly, good .
five hundred dollar note.
The officer replied that. so.far from
being a/blshop, tbs mah was a notori
ous thief and frtrger. and he had rio
doubt tho note was an exceedingly clev
"We will go oft to the police station at
once," he said. "I will take th? n?t'e
and go on .With the prisoner in the eaK
rlage. and you must send ymir men In a
cob to.meet. Us and support the. charge."
So the policeman took the "bishop:."
bracelet and, ?he note, but when .the
Jewelers' men reached the' ponce Cita
tion the prisoner and his'escort had?not
arrived, and they have not.been; heard
_ ... i ? '
SNOW AS A DEFENSE.
Snow is 4 substance which offers a
most surprising resistance to penetra
tion by a rifle bullet, tar more,
indeed, than wood. Experiments made
in Norway have shown that a snt?y/
'ft?ll '?ur feet thick ls absolutely
oroof against the Norwegian army rifle,1
I'wbloh.' by th? \Yayt is of quito excep
I tiona 1".ple'rclpg' power, and that at dil
?ranges, from Arty yards UP to h?lf. a
mlle. This suggests a new means of de
fense in winter l??mpalgning, and snow
.)$* far more easily and quickly handled
than earth or sandbags.
1 ? .-*-??> ?.
POINTS . OF ETIQUETTE.
v'lf the king, or queen ot. England sign
their name ?n a visitors* book, lt lb
customary to provide them wlth'a new
pen, which ia not used by the hosts or
j the other guests unless \t be handed
them by the royal .visitor. Another
small point of etiquette connected with
pena and paper is .that in writing ?t let*
ter direct to tue Brltl??i sovereign lt
should be written oh thickwhite, paper,
on oqe sido only and should be placed
in an envelope large enough to contain
1 they are drawn up before piles of food.
Earth animal's breakfast Includes ten
potirtdg of raw rico done Up in-flve, two
pound packn'ges. Tho rice ls wrapped in
leaves ana then Had with gross. At the
command "Attention!" each elephant
raises ita trunk, and a package .1?
thrown Into Its capacious mouth. By
this method of feeding not a dingi*
jfraln of rice ls wested. _ _