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Carnegie Has Given
New Yobk, Jan. 13.?Andrew Car
negie has given away forty million
dollars in 1901;, say a the New York
This has been the first year that
Mr. Carnegie has been able to devote
undivided! attention to giving away
his money in line with his deolared
intention not to die rieh.
When Mr. Carnegie wrote his fa
mous letter saying, "To die rieh is to
die disgraoed," th? publie was incredu
lous. That was seven years ago.
Nearly two years ago when the quota
ton from his own pen was shown him,
with the query. "How is it to be ac
compli shed V" Mr. Carnegie said
through the World: "Watoh and
see." . I,
In 1899 Mr. Carnegie gave away
$5,000,000. On New Year's Bay in
1901, his gifts aggregated $20,000,000.
In 1901, as Mr. Carnegie had nothing
else to do, he bas multiptied the
amount of all his former gifts by two.
Small and wiry, taking excellent
oare of himself, with no business wor
ries, aud engaged in the pleasant pas
time of "making bis soul," Andrew
Carnegie bids fair to live beyond the
scriptural seventy years. He was 64
years old on the 25th of November.
At his pr?sent rate of giving he will
be comparatively poor five years
hence. Up to the present year Mr.
Carnegie had not given away more
than his income, estimated at $15,
000,000 a year. Now that he has
bioken into his principal, the income
of oourse has been reduced as well,
and this will continue to grow smaller
until Mr. Carnegie is an ordinary mil
w .8 wobth $250,000.000.
Th : wXaot amount of Mr. Carnegie's
wealth has never been made public,
but the estimate of $250,000,000, made
at the time he sold his steel proper
ties to the United States Steel Corpo
ration, late last winter, is accepted as
conservative by Wall Street men and
financiers.. The baokbone of 'his
wealth was $150,000,000 in 5 per cent
gold bonds of the corporation and h is
those bonds which Mr. Carnegie is
giving to the. cities of America and
Great Britain for* libraries and educa
tional purposes. The balanoe of Mr.
Carnegie's wealth is made up of Uni
ted States steel stook, of British war,
loans, of United States government
bonds and gilt-edged railroad invest*
ments, besides, real estate in New
York City and Pittsburg, prominent
among the buildings being the Car
negie Musio Ho?? in this city and the
mansion now being finished in Fifth
Avenue on the block bounded by
Nineteenth and Fifty-first streets,
on which there is no expense being
Gifts of $10,000,000 are now being
reported from Mr. Carnegie and onoe
a hint is given that an institution is
to be benefited by his generosity it is
accepted as true and generally turns out
to be so.
Only one other man in America
conld duplicate Mr. Carnegie's gifts,
and he is John D. Rockefeller. For any
other man or family to give $40,00*..
000 in one year would be to cripple
The handsome honse at No. 5 West
Fifty-first street, which was given by
Mr. Carnegie to his wife when he took
ber there a. bride, will have an added
interest through associations connect
ed with Mr, Carnegie'8 great benefac
where he o?ve away ^0,000,000.
Here have been planned the gifts
whioh have astonished the world?the
$5,200,000 library of New York City,
the $10,000,000 gift to Washington for
national education, the $10,000,000
gift to Scotland for her universities,
and the $4,000,000 to Pittsburg for
old 'Carnegie employees who need
pensions. At least $50,000,000 have
been given away from the private li
brary in which Mr. Carnegie enjoys
his1 Shakespeare and other standard
On the walls are these mottoes:
"The present movement is our aim; j
tho next wc never see."
"He that dare not reason is as! a va;
he that cannot, a fool; he that will not
ia a bigot."
This library is on the second doorof
the Carnegie, house. In a connecting
room sits the'icoretar#, ono of the
busiest men in to\7u. Hundreds
of letters come in one delivery
. of. Mr. Carnegie's mail, and these
must be assorted by the secretary.
In his new mansion Mr. Carnegie
will h?ve a much larger library and
a splendid offioe for the transaction of
his badness of bettering humanity.
As soon as J. Pierpoht Morgan took
Mr. Carnegie's( business trouble? off
his mind he began to get rid of bio
wealth with a free hand and the be
lief is that he will keep up the pace.
H?3 first intimation of the greater
w?Lway Forty Million
gifts whioh were to come was made on
the date of his departure for Europe
early in Maren.
five u:7.l:c&3 fob employees.
On March 13 President Sohwab, of
the Carnegie company, received the
letter whioh told of the gift of $5,
000,000 to the employees of that com
pany, now merged in the steel trust;
$4,000,000 was for those injured in
1 the service,- those dependent upon
employees who had lost their lives in
the service of the company, and for
pensions for those grown old in the
employ of the company. Qne million
was for the maintenance of libraries
built by Mr. Carnegie in Braddook,
Homestead and Duquesne.
Mr. Carnegie, in designating this
gift as his first under the ohanged
"I make this first use of surplus
wealth upon retiring from business as
an acknowledgement of the deep debt
which I owe to the workmen who
have contributed so greatly to my suc
To tho people of Pittsburg he
**An opportunity to retire from bus
iness Came, to me unsought, whioh I
considered it my. duty to accept. My
resolve was made in youth to retire
before old age. From what I have
Been around me, I cannot doubt the
wisdom of this course, althongh the
change is great, even serious, and sel-.
dorn brings the happiness expected.
But this was beoause so many having
abundance to retire upon have so little
to retire. The fathers in olden days
taught that a man should have time
before the end of his oareer for the
'making of his soul.' I have always
felt that old age should be spent not,
as the Scotch say, in 'making miokle
mair,' but in making good use of what
has been acquired; and I hope my
friends of Pittsburg will approve of
my action of retiring while still in
full health and vigor and I can reas
onably expect many years for useful
ness in fields whioh have other than
personal aims. The share whioh I
have had in the material development
of our city may bo considered only the
foundation on whiohotbe things of the
spirit are built, and in taking the pro
ceeds of the material to develop the
things of the ' spiritual world I feel I
am pursuing the ideal path of life and
libraries in new yobk city.
On March 15, the gift to New York
City for sixty-five branch libraries was
announced. On the ev? of his depart
ure for Europe Mr. Carnegie wrote to
Director Billings, of the New York
"Our conferences upon the needs of
Greater New York for branch libraries
to reaoh the masses of the people in
every distriot have convinced me of the
wisdom of your plans. Sixty-five
branches strike one at first as a very
large order, but as other cities have
found one necessary for every 60,000 or
70,000 population, the number is not
"You estimate the average cost of
these libraries at say $80,000 eaeh,
being $5,200,000 for all. If New York
will furnish sites for these branches
for the special benefit of the masses
of the people, as it has done for the
central library, and also agree in sat
isfactory form to provide for their
maintenance as built, I should esteem
it a rare privilege . to be permitted to
furnish the money as needed for the
buildings, say $5,200,000. Sixty-five
libraries at one stroke probably
breaks the record, bnt this is the
day of big operations, and New
York is soon to be the biggest of
Mr. Carnegie proved his "earnestness
by hastening in every way the city's !
ability to accept his gift, and the sites
are now ?eing chosen for th? buildings
,on which work will be begun in the
spring in all probability.
At the time of the gift, and while
Mr. Carnegie was on the sea, news
came from' other cities that he had
made library, offers to them. St
Louis reported a gift of $J ,000,000. In
Pittsburg it Raid that Mr. Carne
gie would, in time give $2,500,00 to tee
endowment of his technical school in
that city, with the intention of making
it the finest of its kind in the United
States and adding new fame to Pitts
Since his return to America Mr.
Carnegie has visited Pittsburg and
given $2,000,000 more as an earnest of
his intentions. At the same time he
to\d the members of the board of trus
tees of the institute to go ahead an'1
erect as many buildings for the tech
nical school as they liked, and he
swould foot the bills,' no matter whether
the amount was $K;000,tiOO or$10,000,
While abroad Mr. Carnegie gave
$10,000,000 to four educational insti
tutions, with the plan of opening thoir
doors to the poor of Scotland. These
institutions are the Marisohel college
at Aberdeen, and Dundee oollege and
St. Andrew's, Edinburgh and Glas
proposed gift to uncle sau. .
The gift to the United States of
$10,000,000 is pending in Washington
bat ia as good as given. Mr. Carne
gie intends to make the terms possible
for Uncle Sam's acceptance. No ob
stacles oan stop Mr. Carnegie from
giving?once his mind is made up?
and where another man might be
piqued and withdraw the offer,
Mr. Carnegie will meet the benefici
ary more than half way to get him to
The point raised that Mr. Carne
gie'a offer of United States'Steel Cor
poration bonds would make the gov
ernment interested in a trust has been
reoognized by Mr. Carnegie as a reas
onable obst?o!e, and the $10,000,000
will be offered in some Bhape whioh
will be beyond oritioism.
It has been said that his endow
ment for nations! eduoation may be
increased to $25,000,000. Mr. Car
negie has made several trips to Wash
ington to confer with President Roose
velt on the matter. His plans con
template the establishment in Wash
ington of a oollege of higher eduoa
tion, the nucleus^to be the various
Besides these great benefactions,
Mr. Carnegie has given many $20,000,
$50,000 and $100,000 sums for the es
tablishment of libraries in other oities
according to their sise. AU are
obliged to provide sites and guarantee
an ineome of 10 per cent on Mr. Car
negie's gift for the maintenance of the
While giving away millions, Mr.
Carnegie delights in golf, and the
wonder among his friends has been
that he has not endowed a university
of golf. He also takes pleasure in
walking through Central Park and all
the policemen in the park know the
little man with the quiok step and
One of Mr. Carnegie's reasons for
building his home at Nineteenth
street and Fifth avenue is its near
ness to a park entrance. He will have
a little park of his own, as he has the
entire blook front between Nineteenth
and Twenty-first streets and will in
time have the depth through to Mad
ison avenue. His original idea was to
have his house the only one in the
blook, but owners of the easterly end
of the property put up the prices of
their land buildings, and if there is
one thing that Mr. Caraegie will not
tolerate it is an attempt to make him
pay roundly simply because he is able
to do so.
On this account Mr. Carnegie or
dered an ornameatal wall built in the
rear of his properly. It is not of the
spite-fence order, though it answers
all the purposes, and it will be an ad
dition to the attractiveness of the
block. This big m ision is not yet
finished, nor can the date be fixed on
whioh the Carnegie family take pos
session. Mr. Carnegie has hoped a
year ago that the house would be com
pleted by the Christmas just passed,
bat little Margaret, the only ohild of
Mr. Carnegie, will have to wait for her
Christmas present. It is doubtful if
the family mov?B into the new house
before the time %r:iven for their an
nual trip ab; cad.
millionaires he has made.
One of the most remarkable results
of Mr. Carnegie's first years of retire
ment from business has been the in
troduction to the metropolis of the
millionaires he has made. As long as
Mr. Carnegie was at the head of his
immense industries these men remain
ed at work in PittBburg, like the men
under them, as Mr. Carnegie kept a
Bharp eye on them and was not a man
to be trifled with. Mr. Friok was the
oui;,- one of twenty men who owed
their advance to the great eaptain of
industry who appeared above the sur
face. Even Chas. M. Sohwab was un
known and came to New York only to
consult his chief, returning to Pitts
burg on the earliest possible train with
such regularity as to lead to the belief
that ho was ordered baek to work.
Now all is changed, and under the
United States Steel corporation
Schwab is a publio man, and A. It.
Peacock, Very!. Preston and others
have beoome known on both sides of
the Atlantic as steel millionaires.
carneoie's oiprs in 1901.
For National University at
To Scotland's universities. 10,000,000
To Teohnical Institute,
Pittsburg. . 7,000,000
For publio library branches
in New York. 5,200,000
For Carnegie company's
employes, pensions, etc. 4,000,000
To Baddook, Homestead
andDuquesne libraries. 1,000,000
Fr. St. Louis publio libra
O'" *r publio libraries._ 2,000,000
Total for the year.$4?,??l),UUU
carnegie getting poor.
At the rate of giving away $40,000,000
\ .?* year.
Fortune early in 1901 .. .$250,000,000
Ineome at that time $12,500,000.
Pr^sea* fortune.._.. $210,000,000
Income decreased by ?2,000,000.
Estimated fortune Janu
ary, i903, allowing for
Inoome decreased by $1,750,000.
Estimated fortune Janu
Income decreased by $1,750,000.
Estimated fortune Janu
Inoome at this time, $5,000,000.
Estimated for tum Janu
Inoamo needed for living evpenses.
Estimated fortune Janu
The Truth Faith.
Judge Fuller was wont to relate
with no little gusto the manner of
his introduction to and rceeption by a
typical westerner. Soon after ho be
came judge of the court of claims he
was sitting with a friead in the lobby
of the Southern hotel, St. Louis,
when a very large man, dressed in shin
ing broadoloth, with a heavy gold
chain, and a gold-headed walking
stick, took a seat near by. The mu
tual acquaintance introduced them:
"Mr. Thomson, of Wisconsin, Judge
Fuller, of North Carolina."
"Howdye do, Judge. And so you
are from North Carolina?"
"Yes, sir; I was born and reared in
"Ha?and I suppose you area Pres
"Hum?yes I Yes, you believe in
hell, hanging and calomel!"
A Good Recommendation.
"I have noticed that the sale on
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Ta
blets is almost invariably to those who
have once used them," Bays Mr. J. H.
Weber, a prominent druggist of Cas
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dation could any mcdicino have than
for people to call for it when again in
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For sale by Orr-Gray & Co.
F. G. Bitown, E. A. Smyth, C,
Pres. <fc Treas. Vice Pres.
COTTON SEED IV
We are prepared to Bell our ci
and in ax
We wish to call your special atte
16 per cent. Petri
Manufactured from Tennessee Phosph
Standard Blood A
All of our goods run high in the
with care, and are of the best quality,
derived from Blood and Tankage. '
We are also prepared to sell yot:
Phosphate for fertilizing purposes.
We are importers of German Ka
a full stock of which we have on hant
exchange of any of the above named
purposes, for Cotton Seed at our varie
Please call and see us and secure
Thanking you for your past liber
praise for the high quality and excelh
prosperous New Year, wo remain,
The Old Reliable Furnitu
HIS DAYS ARE
He is big, but none too bi?
el oven of a Buck's Stove.
Do You <
If so come in at once and
tions at once, and save ezpem
From 15c. to 40c. a pound.
If you like good Coffee this
will please you
Fresh lot of?
Nicely bleached at?
C. FRANK BOLT.
The Cash Grocer.
. A. Gamiirill, F. A. BuitimiDQE,
(Secretary. ?upr. Chemical Dept.
OS P H ATE,
1EAL AND HULLS.
istomers Fertilizers of all kinds
ntion to our?
Qed Dissolved Bone,
ate Rock, also our?
different ingredients., which are selectee
Our principal source of Ammonia it
i Cotton Seed Meal, Kainit and Aoic
init, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda
1 at all times We will make you a fan
articles, also Meal and Hulls for feeding
tus mill points.
our prices before placing your orders
al patronage and encouraging words o:
3UCO of our goods, and wishing vou f
TE AND OIL CO,, Anderson, S. C,
A Well furnished Home
Is not necessarily an expensively
finished one, as at TOLLY'S hand
sorSe, even sumptuous, FURNITURE
is procurable without great outlay
Not that we deal in knocked-togethei
made-tosell sort, but because we an
content with a reasonable profit or
really good articles of Furniture
Our best witness is the Good*; them
F. TOLLY & SON,
re Dealers, Depot St, Anderson, S. G.
; to fill the roomy, white enam
Owe Me ?
settle, as I must make collec
le of coming to see you.
fN T. tlURRISS
[>. S. VAN DIVER.
E. P. VAN DIVE P.
ANDERSON, 8. C, January 8,1902. fl
TO THOSE* INDEBTED TO US :
WE are ccnipelled to collect what is owiug to us
in order to pay our debts, and if you owe us,
either Note or Account, we must have the money
or some satisfactory arrangement in the next few
days, or such claim will be placed iu the hands
of our Attorney for collection.
VANDIVER BROTHERS, aud
VANDIVER BROTHERS & MAJOR.
iano We Seil
SELLS US ANOTHER.
WHEN you look over tho list of famous builders we represent, and tho
long list of actual and delighted buyers?men and women famous throughout
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standing?you will know the reason.
If you need a?
See our large stock. We represent as good as the world has produced.
GRAPHOPHONES and Supplies also.
the c. a. reed music house.
Liver and Kidney Pills.
DIRECTIONS-One every night.
Attention, Farmers !
We have just received one Car Load of
Fancy Winter Grazing Oats.
Come quick and secure some of them before they are
I j all sold.
O. D. ANDERSON & BRO.
Slightly Disfigured but Still in the Ring !
YES, we have disfiured the Hayes Stock considerably tho past six weeks,
but still have some Bargains left in?
Shoes, Hats, Pants aud Notions of all Kinds.
I am adding on a Stock of?
Groceries, Sugar, Coffee and Flour.
Try a Barrel of Bransfcrd, Clifton or Spotless, and I am sure you will bo
pleased. WhiL% Wine Vinegar 25c. per gallon.
C. M. BUCHANAN, Masonic Temple.
FOR FALL PLANTING,
? AT ?
Orr-Gray & Go.
r ? w
? S 2 2
Acme Paint and Cement Cure
Specially used on Tin Roofs
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For sale by?
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
Reference \ ^
F. B. GRAYT?N & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.