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Staarvation in Wa
If General Lee's army oonld have
been sufficiently, and regularly sup
plied with wholesome food throughout
the campaign beginning at the battle
of the Wilderness, ?o that the men
could have badi something 'to eat
and a cup of invigorating coffee or tea,
before and after each arduous day" and
night's duty, whioh? hard duty was
continuous every day fer several
months, exposed in heat and cold,
there is no doubt that the results of
tho campaign would have been differ
ent; at least the extreme haggard
features of the end would have been
different. 1 do not think there are
many of the veterans of General Lee's
anny who participated in the retreat
from Richmond and Petersburg that
can give a olear diseription of the in
cidents that were within their view
during the retreat,' for, besides being
morely pinohed with hunger, they wore
stupefied by the want of sleep, so
much so that many not feeling willing
or able to bear up any longer, would
stagger off to one side and fall down
io sleep, to be quiokly awakened by
parties of the enemy who were hover
ing around and near us.
If the men had had opportunity to
MICUp UUU XO?7V, JL doubt if they wo UIU
have borne up as well as they did
with the lack of food during there
treat, for their stupefied condition in
some degree kept their thoughts and
feelings from their extreme hunger.
The disappointment and dejeotion of
the men was most pitiable on arriving
at a certain station on the line of re
treat, where we were expecting to find
a suppiy of food, but found tust by
some mistake it had not arrived, and
would not. . .
Nor did wo get anything to eat until
we arrived at Lynchburg after the
surrender at Appomattox. There we
found our commissaries in possession
of our late onemies, who gave them to
us liberally without weight or meas
ure, giving to every one as much aa he
was willing to carry, but as we had no
transportation we oould not take more
than we could oarry on foot, whioh
would last us only a small part of the
There is little truth in the story
that General Grant's -army divided
their food with us. They found a
small remnant that had not been
issued to their men on the marbh and
gave it to us. I remember my share
was less than a small spoonful of
ground coffee and nothing else. The
individuals of General Graut's army
doubtless had a plenteous supply of
provisions in their haversacks that
had previously been issued to them,
but as the men of the two armies did
not mingle together they had no way
of dividing with us, even rf they.had
not needed what they had for them
When the army. surrendered at Ap
pomattox our (Benning's) brigade was
formed in position across the road
leading towards Richmond and a
strong force of the enemy had come
up with us and formed in Uno of bat
tle very near in front of us, or rather
in rear of us, according to the direc
tion our army was trying to go and
there in a very few minutes would
have been some bloody work when the
armistice stopped their advance on us.
After the armistice was proclaimed
the young and dashing Federal Cavalry
General Custer, rode through our line,
coming from the rear of the brigade as
we were then formed, and going out
towards the force in our front that
had formed to attack us, each of his
numerous escort holding up a email
twig in their left hands with white
handkerchief a attaohed as a sign of
Later on, when General Leo had
finished the arrangements with Gon
eral Grant and was leaving the sur
rendered army,. he started for Rich
mond on horseback riding at the head
of his Federal escort through our line)
en the same road that General Ouater
had ridden a few hours before. 80
that it happened at the end of the
long war B?nning'? Georgia brigade
were tho lost organizod troops of hi a
army that General Robert E. Lee ever
When we received our provisions of
flour, piokled pork and beef At Lynch
burg, as bofore mentioned, from the
generous hands of our late enemies,
we went out of tho city a short .dist
ance isle thc country, in tho direciluu
of home, and struck camp and prepar
ed s9 best we could to cook our supper
and though wo had plenty to eat for
the time being such as it was, there
was no good ohoor among us, no songs,
no glee. We did not seem to bo like
ourselves in camp life. , Though wo
were making our course that way we
were almost afraid to think of our
borneo. We knew not what our future
was to he. We-were covered with tho,
mantle of gloom, whatever that means.
ko of Lee's Army.
; ./.Of., -
for as yet we did not comprehend the
terms of the surrender, v
It will be. perceived that I am only
mentioning Borne of the experiences
of Benning's brigade. Doubtless oth
ers had similar experience. When we
left our camp near Lynchburg, though
nnarmed and without flags, we were
still an organized brigade following
General Benning, though his and the
Other officers' ?authority to command
and power to enforce obedience wore
surrendered also at Appomattox.
General Benning expressed a will
ingness to continue with the men and
do the best he oould in assisting them
to procuro provisions ou the way and
lead them ieto Georgia.
But the men know ho had no means
of assisting them and felt that it would
be wrong to impose a burden on him
that he was uuable to bear, and that it
would be better on him and for them
to scatter into small parties and souf
fle the best they could for subsistence/
on the way.
The Bmall party I was with seleoted
a route through North Carolina that
would have taken us considerably weet
of Charlotte, for we desired to keep as
far from Johnson's troops and other
returning soldiers as possible, suppos
ing the people on this rout o would not
be so badly "ate out," and that pro
visions would bo easier to procure.
But after passing through two-thirds
of the State, I felt such an overpow
ering desire to hear some news, espe
cially after hearing a rumor that Pres
ident Lincoln had been assassinated,
that I prevailed on theothers to bend
our course dows tc Charlotte, for at
that time there were no railroads nor
mails in that part'of the State, nor
any traveling, for the people were
afraid to leave their homes. .
When our little party had advanced
some distance into North Carolina,
and after our Lynchburg supplies wore
Bpent, we arrived ono day at what ap
peared to bo a large tobacco planta
tion, owned by a generous looking
Southern gentleman of the old school,
who requested us to stop and rest until
he could have dinner prepared for us,
though he did not invite us into the
house. ; But we easily accounted for
this by finding about twenty-five other
soldiers scattered about the place that
were previously stopped and were anx
iously waiting for their dinners.
We were hungry and it seemed to
us that they were so unnecessarily
long in preparing the dinner we were
expecting a substantial and fine re
past. At last our dinner was brought
out to us under the trees in several
kinds of vessels. Buckets, great pans
and little pans, and it consisted of a
disproportionate small quantity of well
baked and good tasting corn bread,
and any quantity of the tops only of a
[ large coarse kind of scullion boiled;
and, if there was any seasoning in
them we oould not taste it. There
were no explanations or apologies
made. Probably he supposed wo
would understand that it was the best
he oould do for us. But I did think
they might have put in a few of the
roots of the scullions. I ate with a
mingled feeling of thanks and disgust
a small pieoe of the bread, which was
all I could get, and tasted the scullion
tops for manners sake: but others
who, perhaps, were hungrier than I
was, ate them with a seeming relish.
I But, arriving farther on in the
! State, we fared better, where the col
lege girls expeoting us had ready pre
I pared a plentiful dinner of substantial
j and good things for us in their own
j dining hall, and waited on us during
the meal, whioh was the first equare
and orderly meal we had had in many
months. We were told they served all
the returning soldiers that came their
, way in like manner until all were
It may bo that none were at fault
for the soanty provisions furnished
the soldiers during the latter part of
tho war, though the men. did feel that
they might be given more bread at
But not one. not even the more
fractious among them, ever complain
ed of or laid tho blamo for it on Gen
eral Leo. Every one realized thai
with Buch a small force he had more
than enough on his mind in continu
ally combatting and holding in check
Buoh overwhelming numbers and re
Some have claimed without blaming
him that since it was iii General Leo's
power to do so, that it would have'
' been better if he had compelled tho
Confederate cabinet tc abandon the
struggle earlier and put an end to so
But others ohim that this would
not have been wise not even meroiful
when the effect it might have in tho
future is oons'dored, for, they say,
that a considerable part of the South
ern people would have been dissatis
fied, sud that the heat ?f contention
over it afterwards might bring on a
future conflict, and that the only way
to convince and satisfy the whole of
the people and insure future unity was
to*continue tho Biruggie to the Ditter
Nobody sees a battle. The common
soldier fires away amid a Bmoke xniat,
or harries on to the oharge in a crowd
which hides everything from him.
The officer is too anxious about tho
performance of what he is especially
. ?arged with to mind what others are
The oommander cannot be present
everywhere, and seo every wood, water
course or ravine in which his orders
are oarried into execution; he learns
from reports how the work goes on.
It is well; for a battle is one of those
jobs which men do without daring to
Over miles of country, at every
field fenco, in every gorge of a valley,
or entry into a wood, there is murder
reciprocal murder. The human form,
God' s image, is mutilated, deformed,
laceratod, in every possible way, and
by every variety of torture,
The wounded are jolted off - in carts
to tho rear, their bared nerves crushed
into maddening paiu at every stone or
rut; or the flight and pursuit trample
over them, leaving them to writhe and
groan without assistance; and fever
and thirst, the most enduring of pain
ful sensations, possess them entirely.
Thirst, too, has seised upon the yet
able-bodied soldier, who, with blood
shot eye and tongue lolling out, plies
his trade; blaspheming, killing with
savage delight. Callous when the
brains of his best-loved comrades are
scattered over bimi The battlefield
is, if possible, a more painful object
-of contemplation than the combatants.
They are in their vocation, earning
their bread. What will not tuan do
for a shilling a'day?
But their work is oarried on amid
the fields, gardens and homesteads of
men unused to war. They left their
homes, with all that habit and happy
associations have made precious, to
bear its brunt. The poor, the aged,
the sick are left in a hurry, to be kill
ed by stray shots or beaten down, as
the oharge or counter-charge goes over
them. The ripening grain is trampled
down; tho garden is trodden into a
black mud; the fruit tre?. J, bending
-beneath their luscious loai, are shat
tered by the cannon sho', churches
and private dwellings are used as for
tresses and ruined in the conflict;
barns and granaries take fire, aud the
conflagration spreads 09 all sides.
At night the steed is stabled beside
the altar, and the weary homicides of
the day eomplete the wrecking of
houses to make their lairs for slumber.
The fires of the bivouao eomplete what
the fires kindled by the battle have
The surviving soldiers march on, to
ast tho same scenes over again else
where; and the remnant of the scat
tered inhabitants return, to find the
mangled bodies . of those they had
loved amid the blaokened ruins of
their homos; to mourn with more than
agonizing grief over the missing, of
whose fate they are uncertain; to feel
themselves bankrupt in the world's
stores, and look from their children to
the desolate fields and garners, and
think of famine and pestilence, engen
1 dered by the rotting bodies of the
half-buried myriads of slain.
Give me the money that has been
spent in war and I will purchase every
foot of land upon the globe. I will
clothe every man, woman and child in
an attire of whieh kings and queens
would be proud. I will build a scbool
house on every hillsido and in every
valley over the whole earth. I will
build an academy and endow it, and a
college in every State, and fill it with
able- professors. I will orown every
hillside with a place of worship.conse
crated to the gospel of peace. I will
support in every pulpit an able teacher
of righteousness, so that on every
Sabbath morning the chime on one
hill should answer to the ohime on
another around the earth's wide cir
cumference, aud the voice of prayer
and the song of praise should ascend
like a universal holocaust to heaven.
mm ? pi
This dreadful disease is now very
prevalent iu all parts of the country,
and, as exposure to its malign int
breath is liable to occur at any timo
no matter how careful we may be, it
behooves everyone to take proper pre
cautions to prevent the germs from
affecting the body. The doctors say
that puro blood, good digestion and
regular bowel movements materially
aid the body in resisting attaok, hence
it is the course of wisdom to purify
and strengthen the system without
delay. A most effective remedy for
this purpose, ono that combines the
necessary properties for purifying the
blood, strengthening the kidneys, ton
ing up the digestive organs and for
cleansing and regulating the bowels
will be found in that well known sys
tem tonio and purifier, Prickly Ash
Bitters. This' valuable remedy is tho
right thing for putting tho body in
abape io resist che enect of exposure
to Small Pox. No one will knowing
ingly expose himself to this disease.
The exposure usually takes place when
it is least expected, therefore the
need for precautionary measures is'
the more urgent. It is safe to say
that the frequent use of Priokly Ash
Bitters while the disease is so preva
lent will keep the body in such fine
physical condition that no ordinary
exposure will affect iL Evans Phar
macy^_ . _ ? _
-- ww?mir hK&o C?7C ui i?sci?
and the devil will take care of yon.
Do Fish Ever Sleep? ?
Do fish ever sleep? This question 1
has been puzzling the experts at the <
United States Fish Commission for ?
the past week, and some of them aro I i
not yet absolutely certain whethe* '
fish indulge in slumber or are sufferers j
? rom insomnia, says a writer in the
New lork Sun.
Several amateur anglers had a dis
cussion in the lobby of an uptown
hotel the other day on this phase of
the life of the finny tribe, and buiug
unable to decide the matter to their
satisfaction they made an appeal to
the Fish Commission to aid them in
A messenger was sont with a note
to George M. Bowers, United States
Fish Commissioner, asking Inn opinion
on tho subject. Mr. Bowers was ab
sent from tho desk and thc messenger
was referred to thc various scientists
who have made fish culture a study
with the siatement that they wero tho
proper officials to whom to apply for
j this information. .
Mr. Bowers, it wan explained, beiug
! the executive officer of thc commission
and not a close student of tho habits
and customs of fish, was naturally
limited in his knowledge of tho ways
of these denizens of tho water. He
had hauled in many black bass from
the Potomac River near his homo in
West Virginia, but was not an expert
on the life of the many varieties of
fish over which he has supervision.
When the question was plaoed be
fore the scientists of the commission
there was a long, painful pause, and
hurried questioning glances were ex
changed between them. After a great
deal of Ii ?J H illili JU a discussion, wats
started at the end of which these wise
men were no nearer an answer to the
question'than the propounders of it.
Whether fish indulge in peaceful
slumber, the same as human beings
and terrestial animals, was a problem
that had cot received careful consider
ation from the experts. f?overal
opinions were expressed and mans
theories advanced, but argument;
failed to prove them.
One of the learned men, upon thc
impulso of tho moment, declared that
fish did not sleep because they did no*
oloso thoir eyes. A colleague callee
the attention of his brother scientis
to tho fact that fish had no eyelids
consequently it was i u possible fo
them to conceal their organ of sight
This seemed to explode tho tb cor;
of the first learned man. Finally tb
scientists "acknowledged their inabilit;
to answer the question off hand, bu
asserted that a correct solution woub
Before a practical test was mad
an absent member of the commission'
staff returned from a business tri
and rescued the experts from the diffi
oulty. He declared that fish slop
and forthwith presented his argu
He said that the first thing to cor
sider was the meaning of the wor
"sleep." That had to be definitel
determined. His notion wes that i
all living creatures there was more c
less activity, mental and bodily, whio
necessitated reBt and to secure propc
rest sleep was indispensable.
Fish were aotive and for a grec
part of their lives were moving about
whioh required a certain amount c
rest from physical exertion. As r<
gards mental repose this expert ws
not in a position to express a decide
If there was any mental exhaustio
imo rig tho finny tribe ho said it might
>o confined to their efforts tc resist
he temptation of. swallowing the bait
)ffored them by the anglor. Ue aoout
)d tho idea that fish did not sleep be
cause they did not close their eyes. j
In support of this position ho ar
rued that human beings have boon
?uown to sleep without dropping tho
eyelids. And among animals it was
io uncommon occurrence for them to
deep with theil eyes wide opon.
Continuing, the expert said that he
'lad observed fish in au aquarium whioh
lave every evidence that they were
indulging in sleep. They would re
main for a loug time at tho bottom of
& tank, resting in au upright position
upon their tails, which, while nota
comfortable attitude, was not unlike
that of certain human beings at times.
In other forms of reposo fish lay ou
their sides ard also rested their bodies
npon moss and shrubbery in tho tank.
Thc habits of catfish, bullhead and
Bunfish were mentioned as another
illustration of sleeping fish. Durlug
tho winter Beason these spocics go to
thc bottom of tho water and flounder
about until they become encased in
mud and there remain during tho cold
period. This was certainly sleep in
dulged in by them, and it was a natural
inference that othor specimens of fish
were compelled to obtain rest in the
nature of sleep.
This was the general conclusion
reached, said the scientist, by ichthy
ologists who had given this phase of
fish life a oareful study.
For Stomach Troubles.
"I hane taken a great many differ
ent medicines for stomach trouble
and constipation," says Mrs. S. Gei
ger, of Dunkerton, Iowa, "but never
had as good results from any as from
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
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- In everything but humanity there
has been modern improvements since
tho time of Adam and Eve.
H/E||*R S^BS mucous patches
..?3V?5 WBB%* the mouth, erup
Bwollen glands, aching muscles
and bones, the disease is making
rapid headway, and far worse
symptoms will follow unless the blood is
promptly and effectually cleansed of thia
violent destructive poison.
S. S. S. is the only safe and infallible
cure for this disease, the only antidote
for this specific poison. It cures the
worst cases thoroughly and permanently.
Mg Condron Could I??'O'KI
_ - _. ". l'oison. I tried
Have iitCD No Worse.
did me no good ; I was getting worse all thc
time ; my hair came out, ulcers appeared in my
throat and mouth, my hotly was almost covered
with copper colored splotches and offensive
sores. I suffered severely from rheumatic pains
in my shoulders and arms. My condition could
have been no worse ; only those <*iflicted as I waa
can understand my aulTcringS: I had about
lost all hope of ever being well again when
I decided to try 8. 8. 8~
but must confess I bad
little faith left in nny
medicine. After taking
the third bottle I noticed
a change in my condi
tion. This was t ruly en
couraging, and I deter
mined to give S. S. 3. a
thorough trial. From
that time on the improve
ment was rapid ; S. 8. 8.
seemed to have the dis
ease completely under
control; the sores and
ulcera healed and I was j
soon free from all signs'
of the disorder; I have WWi '**
been strong and healthy ever since.
X?. W. Burra, I/xJc Box 6i i, Noble s ville, Ind.
^Bfcfc M-K jjBJ?b, is the only purely vege
iWr* ffiL^ table blood purities'
^Bfc, %known, $i,ooois
ik lgL^jft fc^^Bn offered for proof that
^gpr **tslr it contains a particle of
mercury, potash or other mineral poison.
Send for our free book on Blood Poison ;
it. contains valuable information about
thia disease, with fall direction* for seif
treatment.' We charge nothing for medi
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CHARLESTON, S. C.
Largest Manufacturers of
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Importers of .*. . f
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We are in position to furnish all classes of
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will pay you to see us before purchasing.
Address Virginia*Carolina Chemical Co.,
Charleston, S. C.
land for Virginia-Carolina Almanac.
(ree for ?he askinz. # _
ONLY A FEW DAYS TO CHRISTMAS !
WE have a nice lot of Rockers, Pictures, Mirrors, as well as a large lot
of Bed Room Suits, Parlor Pieces, Hat Racks, Wardrobes, Chiffoniers, La
dies' Desks, all of which would make a nice XMAS PRESENT.
We realize the hard times and bave made prices to suit. We want you
to come in, take a look, b?v if you can, but if you can't it will be all right
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
?W COFFINS and CASKETS furnished at any hour, day or night
8. _ E- j, VANDIVER
YANDI VER BROS.,
ANDERSON, S. C., JANUARY 8,1902.
0 THOSE INDEBTED TO US :
WE are cctnpclled to collect what is oviug to us
in order to pay our debts, and if you owe ug,
either Note or Account, we must have thc money
or some satisfactory arrangement lu tho uoxt few
days, or such claim will be placed ia the hantle
of our Attorney for collection.
VANDIVER BROTHERS, and
VANDIVER BROTHERS & MAJOR.
Piano We Sell
SELLS US ANOTHER.
WHEN you look over tho list of famous builders wo represent, and cae
long list of actual and delighted buyers-men and women famous throughout
Ibo South for their acknowledged artistic culturo and social and political
stand i ug-you will know the reason.
If you need a
Se6 our large stock. We repreeeut as good as the world bas produced.
B?u GRAPHOPIIONES aud Supplies also.
THE C. A. REED MUSIC HOUSE.
Liver and Kidney Pills.
DIRECTIONS-Ono every night.
Attention, Farmers !
Wo havo just received one Car Load of
Fancy Winter Grazing Oats.
Come quick and secure some of them before they are
O. D. ANDERSON & BRO.
Slightly Disfigured but Still in the Ring !
YES, wo have ditfiured the Hayes Stock considerably the past six weeks,,
but still have some Bargains left in
Shoes, Hats, Pants and Notions of all Kinds?
I am adding on a Stock of
Groceries. Sugar. Coffee and Flour.
Try a Barrel of Bransford, Clifton or Spotless, and I am sure you will bff
pleased. White Wine Vinegar 25c. per gallon.
_C. M. BUCHANAN, Masonic Temple.
Fresh Onion Sets,
FOR FALL PLANTING,
Orr "Gray & Go.
> ft O
? 9 *
Acme Paint and Cement Cure.
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
Reference : jj]
F. B. GR/YTON & co.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.