Newspaper Page Text
The President's Address.
Following is the address made by
president R JO se veli in tho Audito
rium at the Exposition in Charleston
last Wednesday, 9tlj inst:
It io to me a peculiar privilege to
speak hero in youjr beautiful oity.
My mother's people] were from Geor
gia: but before tboy oame to Georgia.
before the Revolution, in the day of
colonial rule, they dwelt for nearly a
century in South droh ; a; and there
fore I can claim your State as mine
by inheritance no less than by the
stronger and nobler right which makes
each foot of American soil in a sense
thc property of all Americans.
Charleston is. not only a typical
Southern city ; it is also a oity whose
history teems with events which link
themselves to American history an a
whole. In the early colonial days
Charleston was tho .outpost of i jour
people against tho Spaniard in the
South. In tho days of tho Revo
lution there occurred here some of the
events which vitally ailee ted tho out
come of the struggle for independence,
and which impressed themselves
most deeply upon the popular
mind. It was here that the tremen
dous, terrible drama of the civil war
With dolicate and thoughtful cour
tesy you originally asked me to como
to this Exposition on the birthday of
Abraham Lincoln. The invitation
not only showed a fine generosity and
manliness in you, my hosts, but it
also emphasized as hardly anything
else could have emphasized how com
pletely wo are now a united people.
The wounds left by tho great civil
war, incomparably the greatest war
of modern times, have healed, and its
memories aro now priceless heritages
of honor alike to tho North and to the
South. The devotion the self-saeri- .
(ice, the steadfast resolution and lofty
daring, the high devotion, to the right
as each man saw it, whether Northern
er or Southerner-all these qualities
of the men and women of the early :
sixties now shine luminous and bril- i
[ant before our eyes, while the mists
Df anger and hatred chat once dimmed
them have passed away forever.
All of us, North and South, oan ]
glory alike in the valor of the men i
who wore the grey. Those were iron i
times, and only iron men could fight I
to ita terrible finish the giant struggle '.
netween the hosts of Grant and Lee. ]
To us of the present day, and to our i
children and children's children,-the ?
valiant deeds, the high endeavor and <
ibnegation of self shown in that strug
tie by those who took part therein i
viii remain for evermore to mark the ?
evel to which wein our turn must ]
ise whenever the hour of the nation's \
iced may come. i
When four years ago this nation
vas compelled to faco a foreign foe 1
he completeness of the rennion be- I <
imo instantly and strikingly evident. ]
*E have ready tl
you men who e
thing about the way ]
and something ?bo?
costs to look r-orhi,
lot of Spring overc
suits you eversaw.
gathered together tl
that men of style ?
taste want; fabrics
give long service, tailf
cannot be excelled, st
are notably correct. S
how safe it is to pror
things; the clothes
which is a sufficient gu?
their superiority in ev<
If you have riot woi
of this famous make
you found out wha
like; you'll get bett
for less money than
had before. If you
probably needn't do i:
tell you they're here,
put on, easy to pay fo
mg to wear.
Von can*t make a
in tHying clothes v
label in them; they ar<
The war was not one. which called for
the exercise of more than an insignifi
cant fraotion of our strength, and tao
strain put upon us was slight indeed
compared with the results, But it
was ? satisfactory thing io see the way
in which the sons of the soldier of tho
Union and the soldier of the Confed*
erac y leaped eagerly forward, emulou?
to snewin brotherly rivalry the quali
ties which had won renown for their
fathers, the men of the great war. It
was my good fortune to serve under
sn Ez-Confederate . General, gallant
old Joe Wheeler, who commanded the
cavalry division at Santiago.
In toy regiment there were certain
ly as many men whose fathers had
served in thc Southern, as there
were men whoso fathers had ser
ved in the Northern army. Among
the captains there Was opportunity to
promote but one to field rank. Tho
man who was singled out for this pro
motion because of conspicuous gal
lantry iu tho field was the son of a
Confederate general and was himself a
citizen of this, the Palmetto State;
and no American officer could wish to
march to battle beside a more loyal,
gallant and absolutely fearless com
rade than my former eaptain and
major, yonr fellow, citizen, Micah
A few months ago, owing to tho en
forced absence of tho Governor of the
Philippines, it became necessary to
nominate a Vice Governor to take his
place-one of the most important
?laces in our Government at this time,
nominated as (Vice Governor an Ex
Confederate who now stands as the
exponent of this Government and
this people in that great group of is
lands in the Eastern seas over which
the American flag floats. Gen. Wright
has taken a leading part in the work
of Steadily bringing order and peace
out of the bloody chaos in which we
found tho islands. Ho is now taking
a leading part, not merely in uphold
ing the honor of the flag by making it
respected as the symbol of our power,
but still more in upholding its honor
by unwearied labor for the establish
ment of ordered liberty-of law-creat
ing, law-abiding civil government
nnder its folds.
The progress which has been made
ander Gen. Wright and those like him
has been indeed marvellous. In fact,
a letter of the General's the other day
seemed to show that he considered
there was far more warfare about the
Philippines in this country than there
svas warfare in the Philippinen them
selves! It is an added proof of tho
completeness of the reunion of our
jountry that one of the foremost men
tvho have been instrumental in driv
ing forward the great work for civili
sation 8-i.d humanity in the Philip
pines has been a mau who in the oivil
par fought with distinction in a uni
form of Confederate grey.
If ever tho need comes in tho future
ibo past has made abundantly evi
lent the fact that from this time on
Northerner and Southerner will in war
o show to
t what it
: it's time
know only ' tho generous desire ' to
strive how each can do tho more ef- !
feotive service for the flag of our J
common country. The same thing is
true in the endless work of peace, tho i
never-ending work of building and ?
keeping tho marvellous fabrio of our !
industrial prosperity. The upbuild
ing of aii y part of our oountry isa:
benefit to the whole, and every such
effort as this to stimulate tho resour
ces and industry of a particular soo*
tion is entitled to the heartiest sup
port from every quarter of the Union.
Thoroughly good national work can
he done only if each of us works hard
for himself and at the same time keeps
constantly in mind that ho must work
in conjunction with others.
You have made a particular offert
in your exhibition to get into touch
with tho West Indies. This is wise.
Tho events of the last four years have
shown us that thc West Indies and
the Isthmus must in the future occupy
a far larger place- in our national
policy than id the past. This is prov
ed by tho negotiations for thc pur
chase of the Danish islands, the ac
quisition of Porto Bien, tho prepara
tion for building an Isthmian oanal
and, finally, by the changed relations |
which these years have produced be
tween us and Cuba. As a nation we
have an especial right to tako honest
pride in what wo have done for Cuba.
Our critics abroad and at homo have
insisted that we never intended to
leave the island. But on the 20th of
next month wo turn over td tho is
landers the control of their own gov
ernment. It would bo very difficult
to find a parallel in the conduct of
any other great State that hus occu
pied such a position as ours. Wo
have kept our word and done our duty ,
just os an honest individual in . pri
vate lifo keeps his word and docs his
Be it remembered, moreover, that
af ter our three years' occupation of
the island we turn . it over to tho
Cubans in ? better condition than it
ever has been in all the centuries of
Spanish mle. This has a direct bear
ing upon our own welfare. Cuba is
so near to us that wo can never be in
different to misgovernment and disas
ter within its limits. The mere fact
that our administration in the island
has minimized the danger from the
dreadful scourge of yellow fever,
alike to Cuba and to ourselves, is
sufficient to emphaBize'the community
of interest between us. But there
are other interests >vhich bind us to
gether. Cuba1 s position makes it
necessary that her political relations
with us should differ from her politi
tical relations with other Powers.
This fact has been formulated by us
and accepted by tho Cubans in the
Platt amendments. It follows as a
corollary that where tho Cubans have
thus assumed n position of peculiar
relationship to our polilioal sys.?rn
they musf. similarly stand in a pecu
liar relationship to our eoonomio sys
We have rightfully insisted upon
Cuba adopting toward us an attitude
differing poetically from that sho
adopts toward any other Power, and
in return, aa a matter of right, wo
must give to Ouba a different-that is,
a better-position economically io her
relations with us thau we give to other
Powers. This is tho course diotatod
by sound polioy, by a wiso and far
sighted view of our own interest, and
by the position wo have taken during
the past four years. Wo are a weal
thy and powertul country, dealing
with a much weaker one, and thc con
trast in wealth and strength makes it
all the moro our duty to deal with
? Cuba, as we have already dealt with
j her, in a spirit of largo generosity,
i This Exposition is rendered possible
because of the period of industrial
prospority through which wo aro pass
ing. Whilo material woll-beiug is
never all sufficient to the life of a
nation, yet it is tho merest truism to
say that its absence moans ruin. We
noed to build a higher life upon it as o
foundation; but wo can build little in:
deed unless this foundation of pros
perity is deep and broad: Tho well
being which wc arc now enjoying cat
be aecured only through general busi
ness prospority, and" such prospori^
is conditioned upon tho energy anc
hard work, tho sanity and tho mutua
rospeot of all classes ?of capitalists
large and small, bf W3go-workers o
every degree. As is inevitable in :
timo of business prospority, some mci
succeed more than others, and it i
j unfortunately also inevitable tho
J when this is tho cuso Homo uuwis
I people are sure to try to appeal to th
I envy and jealousy of those who su<
j coed least. It is ? good thing whe
these appeals are made to rcmemb<
I that while it is difficult to increaf
prosperity by law, ic is easy enoug
to ruin it, and that there is sum
satisfaction to the less prosperous
they succeed in overthrowing bol
the more prosperous and themsolvt
in the crash of a common disaster.
Every industrial exposition of th
type necessarily calls up the thoug
of the complex sooial and eoonom
questions which aro involved in o
present industrial system. Our e,
tounding material prosperity, t
awe p and rush rather than the me
march of our progressive material c
velopment, have brought grave tro
bles in their train. We oannot affo
to blink these troubles, any more th
because of them we can afford to i
oept as true the gloomy forebodin
of the prophets of evil. There r
great problems before us. They r
not insoluble, but they can be sol y
only if wo approaoh them in a spi
of rosoluto fearlessness, of comm
sense, and of 'honest intention to
fair amd equal justice to all mon aiil
Wo are certain to fall if we. adopt t
policy of tho demagogue who ra^
against the wealth which is simply I
formof embodied thrift, foresight o
intelligence; who would shut the d<
of opportunity against those win
energy wo ehould especially foster, '
by penalizing tho qualities whioh toll
for success. .lust a? little can wo
afford to follow those who four to ro- ?
cognize iujustice and to endeavor to I
out it out because tho task is difficult
or even-if performed by unskillful
This is an era of great combinations
both of labor and of capital, lu many
ways these combinations have worked
for good; but they must work under
tho la\ . and tho laws concerning them
must be juwt and wise, or they will iu- j
evitabiy do evil; and this applies as
much to thc richest corporation as to
tho most powerful labor union. Our
laws must be wiso, sane, healthy, |
conceived in thc spirit of those who
scorn the mere agitator, the mere in
citer ol' class or sectional hatred; who
wish justice for all men; who reoog- <
nitc the need of adhering so far as
possible to tho old American doctrine
of giving tho widest possible scope for
tho freo exercise of individual iuitia
tive, aud yet who recognize also that
after combinations have reached a cer
tain stage it is indispensable to the j
geueral welfare that thu nation should]
exercise over thom cautiously and
with self-restraint, but firmly, thc
power of supervision and regulation.
Above all, tho administration of the
Government, thc enforcement of thc
laws, must bo fair and honest. The
laws are not to bo administered cither
in thu interest of the poor man or tho
interest of tho rich mau. They are
simply to .bo administered justly; in
tho interest of justice to each mau,
be he rioh or bc ho poor-giving im
uiuuity to uo violator, whatever form
the violation may assume. Such is
thc obligation which every public scr- !
vant takes, aud to it he must be true j
under penalty of forfeiting the respect I
both of himself and^of his fellows. j
And now in closing, I am going to I
paraphrase something said by Crover- I
nor Ayoock last night. I have dwelt I
to-day upon tho fact that we are united,
a re united people; that we arc united
and forever ono people. The time
was when one could not have made
that statement with truth; now it can
bc truthfully said. There was a time
when it was necossary to keep saying
it, because it was already truo, and
because the assertion of it made it
more true, but tho time is at hand, I
think the time is come, when it is not .
necessary to say it again' (Continued
applause.) Proud of tho South! Of
course, wo are proud of the South, j
Proud of your great deeds! Of course,
I am proud of your great deeds, for |
you aro my people. And I thank you i
from my heart for tho welcome you
have given me, aud I assure you that
few experiences in my life have boen
more pleasant thau tho experience of
theso two days that 1 havo spent
- - ?? m -
- With her firstr engagement ring
a girl imagines that life for her has
teed by the i
you give us
them, as 01
Arc the price
E. S. & M. I
These same p
most any Cloth
but H. S. & M.
found at this S
pare our Suit3
to-wear kind vi
that our Clot!
better fitting t
priced than an;
We show a lint
ing Suits. Int
if compared wit
Store to buy Cl
friendship Items. I
Well, Mr. Editor, quite a time has j
elapsed since you have heard anything i
from our thriving little burg, but wo j
will attempt to givo you n few dots.
Spring has come with its beautiful
days, tho birds singiug iu tho treotops
and tho "geo haw" can bo heard on
overy side as tho plow-boy pulls tho
bell cord over tho mule's back.
Tho health of t his sect iou is very good
with thc exception of bad cold?.
Tho farmers are very busy with their
work. Some are planting cotton and
Mrs. C. L. Guyton will ?tart for
Charleston next Tuesday to attend the
J. H. Browning has returned homo
from a visit to his sun, Elijah Drown
ing, in Georgia, lie repolin a pleasant
Miss Mary Wilson is visiting her sis
ter, Mrs. Ii; W. Foster, of Pendleton.
Miss Lucinda Martin and sister, Mrs.
W. A. Harris, and family, ot Green
ville, visited home-folks here last
Miss Josie Wilson visited her cousin,
Mrs. Florence Wilson, last week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. hr. Orr and little son,
Frank, visited relatives hero re
Lee Campbell is completing his new
residence by painting it, which ndd?
much to its appearance.
Mrs. Matilda Owen, who has been
visiting relatives and friends near
Pendleton, has returned homo.
Long live tho dear old Intelligencer
and its many readers is the wish of
April lp, 11)02.
Editor Intelligencer: PIOOBO an
nounce through your columns that tho
Abbeville County Singing Convontion
will moot at Midway Baptist Church,
near Low n de sv il le, on Saturday and
Sunday, tho 20th and 27th of April. All
singers aro most cordially invited to
como and bring their books.
J. \V. Iiurriss.
April 14th, 1002.
Card of Thanks.
I desire thuB publicly to extend
thanks to tho many white nud colored
porsons that havo helped mo during my
suffering and long imprisonment, cs
Iiecially to tho Sheriff nud deputies and
ater to those that havo assisted mo
since my liberation. In this connec
tion I desire to mention th? kindness
shown mo by Mrs. Mary Stephens, who
was once my young mistress, and to
her son, Mr. Faul E. Stephens, both of
whom havo assisted mo financially and
otherwise 1 pray that God may bless
every ono of them and that in the world
to como they niny receive a rich ro
! ward. W. lt. Parker.
nakers and by us, to
?ry in every respect,
lots of other good
to show you, when
; a chance; it's as
interest to see
irs to show them.
3 at which wo-:offer
ricc3 can bo found at
lng Store in this town,
Clothes can only be
itore. If you'll com
with the usual ready
pebeliovo you'll decide
aos aro bettor made,
md more moderately
y snown in this town.
j of good wear-resist
ise Suits, we believe,
,h others at like prices
you that this is the
ME XXXVII-NO. 43.
)eai:; of one of Anderson County's Best
Bolton, S. C., April 14, 1002.
Editors Intelligencer: Tho remains
)f .Major G. W. Cox, who died hero at
lis homo yesterday morniug at sovon
/clock, wore laid to rest in tho Bolton
Uaptist cemetery to-day at ll o'clock,
ippropriate funeral services conducted
jy the pastor, Rev. W. T. Tate.
Major Cox was is ?on of tho late Wil
inui Cox*. Ho was born and rai3ed
ibout three miles from hero. At the
beginning of tho civil war ho orgau
zed a company, of which ho was cap
rain. This company was joined to
JrVa Regiment. Ho was wounded in
Ibo Jog at Gaines' Mill, on tho 27th day
jf Juno, 1002, and was sent homo. His
wound bring serious, ho was never
tblo to return to his command. After
Ibo war ho was engaged in the mercan
tile business for several yenre.
Maj. Cox was a faithful and devoted
husband and father, honest in alibis
dealings, faithful to overy trust and
always had a smile and a word of good,
cheer for those whom he would moot.
Ho leaves a devoted wifo and six sonB
and three daughters to mourn the loss
of a dear husband and father, all of
whom were at Ins bedside when death
claimed him. They are: Judge \V. P.
Cox. of Anderson; J. Thomas Cox, I.
W. Cox, Floyd M. Cox, Charlie P. Cox,
Mrs. I. P. ClinkBcnlcs and Mrs. J. M.
Holcombe, of Helton, and Edwards li.
Cox and Mrs. Mamio Moorehead, of .
The entire community feel deeply
tho loss of ono of its noblest and oldest
citizens, and sympathize with tho be
reaved ones in their soro aflliction.
Major Cox had been sick for more
than a year and his death has been ex
?ected any moment for several weeks,
le was 70 years old. A Friend.
- ? - ?
Cotton plantin-; is the ordor this wfcok,
though some aro holding back, aa seed
are scarce and a good season would be
acceptable. Tho best stands are always
procured by planting jost after a rain.
Corn planting ls about over, with the ex
ception of bottom lands.
Wheat and onts aro showing off very
well, though rather bohlnd an average
Two young nogroes were drowned in
the Havannah Uiver laBt Sunday a few
miles below here. One of them was a
son of Lewis Sherard and the other a
hired hand on the samo farm. Tho two,
with three other boya, were trying to
cross in an old bateau, which overturned.
Throe of them caught hold of tho old
hoat and lloated to the rooks below. The
bodies of the drowned men had not been
found lato Bundey evening. The white
pcoplo of tho surrounding country were
doing everything thoy could to assist in
finding thu bodies, and, ?trange to say,
not many darkles wero on hand, but we
believe lt ls characteristic of the race to
Among tho visitors nt Shiloh last Sun
dav wore Mr. and Mrs. Fred Caudle and
Miss ISssio Caudle, of Andorson, and
John Eskow, of Salom.
Mrs. Henry Evans, of Hart County,
Ga., ls spending awhile with her slater,
Tho candidates aro like the Spring
Tallier backward. There will doubtless
bo a stamped" when tho weather uets
warmer and plonibtlmoohroeH, We hear
of o host of-rood mon who intend coming
out for tho di fie rent olllcos.
Wo am well. Hurlee.
April ll._ ^_
'J ho farraorH havo takon advantago of
ibo fine weather wo havo boou having,
and aro pushing their work on rapidly.
Most of thom aro done putting in gnario
and some have plauted oottou seed. Moro
oom has boon planted in thlsssotion than
usual for tho timo of year.
Tho wheat crop still looks sorry for the
time of year.
The Sunday School at this mace ls in
a nourishing condition with D. E. Klug
Kev. J. M. Rogers filled his appoint
ment nt this placo Sunday at ll-i'clook,
and delivered au interesting and Instruc
Frank t?pearman, of tho Big Creek sec
tion, worshipped at this place last Sun
Mr. and Mrs. Perry Brown, of Green
ville, visited Ahe latter'* parents, Mr. and
MM. D. E. King, Saturday night and
Sunday, and worshipped bore.
Miss Mourning Mooro, of Mountain
Springs, visited the Misses Browning
Saturday u?ghtand Sunday.
Ru ron Reid and Hinter, Misa Mary, vls
itod Miss Loo Callahan! on Sunday.
X,\ W. Fleming and Phonso Browning
visited friends and loved ono3 on tho
White Plains Hide Sunday afternoon.
They report a very pleasant timo.
Miss Janio Gaines, who bas boon stay
ing a fow months at dolm'w ?Hlaud for her
health luv? returned borne very muon
benefited by tho son breez?. On bor way
home she Htayod over a few days in Char
leston to enjoy the grand frights of tho
-Virs. J. Gsdlow.iy has bean very sick
for the past few da5's with throat affec
Mrs. J. B. Felton, of linnea Path, who
has been spending a fow days with her
father, J. C. Speart-s, has returned to her
Miss Mattin Ledhutter and little
Hater. Aunlo May, aro quito sick with
Mis* Mary Abler-, who has boen teach
ing a ?louriAhlng school at Tertia has giv
Tho little daughter of Mrs. W. E. Fant
has been qnito sick.
Mrs. Henry Crook lins gone to Seneca
Lo take charge of tho school at the nev.*
Mlas Lessio Woolbrlght and Mra..S. J.
Marlin, who have boon sick, are able to
becut sgaln. Pansy.
Special Tuesday Rates to the Exposition.
Commencing Tuesday, April 1st, and
>n overy Tuosdav thereafter during the
nontb of April, tho Charleston and West
urn Carolina Railway will sell round trip
.idiots from all stations atone half tho
regalar first-class fare ono way. This in
\ considerable reduction from the rates
i rut authorized, and will enable every
body to take in the Exposition at a nomi
ial coan Tickets sold at these low rates
viii be limited to three days from date of
Mile. Call on A u Mit H for full informa
ion.^r^ W. J. Craig, G. P. A.