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Tige Undersoil's I
The '.Hst day of August, 1302,
dawned with a slow drizzling rain, as
though weeping over the blood-stained
fields of Manassas. General l'ope
during the night came to thc conclu
sion that Virginia, or at least that
portion of it around Manassas and
Groveton, was unhealthy, and in order
to protect his army decided to march
to Washington city by the way of
Centreville and Fairfax Court House,
icaving the Confederates in possession
of the battlefield.
General Lee's army remained on thc
field the greater portion of the day .
burying the dead and paroling the
Federal prisoners. It was a day long
to bc remembered, on account of the
gruesome sights 1 saw.
Karly in the morning Tige Ander
son's brigade, or what there war? left
of it, marched on the Federal's por
tion of the battlefield. We first came
to where a Federal battery had been
posted the day before in au old field
covered with gras.-. The ground was
strewn with the dead and wounded,
the grass caught fire from the dis
charge of thc guns and burned all of
them to a crisp. They were the most
horrible looking sights I ever saw, or
wish to see again. As wc moved ?m
wc saw the dead in all conceivable
positions, some with their bani1.- and
mouths full of crackers, as though
tryii!- to make away with as much <d
i '.r' iain's provisions as they could
br' i departing for the world to
Some were .-lill holding fast to
UiL-ii guns with an iron grip, their
muscles never having relaxed.
All of them had been nure or less
deprived of their clothing, and if they
had on any, the pockets had been
turned wrong side out by some thief
during the night. After going about
one mile our brigade halted near a
farm house which thc Federals were
using for a field hospital. The house
and yard was strewn with thc dead,
and some wouuded who were unable
to be moved when thc army retreated.
Limbs were to be seen by the wagon
load, numbers of them dying after the
operation had been performed. I no
ticed some that must have been dead
before thc operation was completed, as
thc bandages were still white and clear
of blood staius. The sights would
have been bad enough on a beautiful
daj". but on a nasty rainy day it was
simply horrible. We were not far
from the famous Henry house on the
first Manassas battlefield, where Mrs.
Henry, who was nearly oue hundred
years old and bed ridden, was killed.
The first battle was fought on the 21st
day of July, 1861, and on the 20th I,
with several of my company, visited
thc battlefield. We had the good for
tune to meet on thc field a captain and
several of his company from the Tenth
or Eleventh Alabama regiment, who
conducted us over the field to points
of interest. Wo first visited the place
south of the house where Generals
Bee and Barlow fell, a cedar post
marking the spot. Each ono chipped
off a piece with his knife for a me
mento, and before tho summer was
over the posts had been chipped away
by others for the same purpose. We
next went to thc Henry house, made
of round skinned poles. I don't re
collect whether it was a one or two
room house. Our troops had been
driveu south of the house, and the
Federals took a position around it,
making it so hot for our forces they
had to turu their artillery on thc
house, completely honey-combing it
with cannon balls.
Mrs. Henry was on the bed and her
daughter and a negro woman were un
derneath the bed. A cannon ball
knocked out the bead and footboard,
iud -ix minnie bills struck Mrs. Hoa
ry, killing her, but the two under the
bed escaped unharmed. Mrs. Henry
was buried in ber garden and at the
second battle three Federal soldiers
fell across her grave. Between the
house and thc Manassas road, a trench
was dug six feet wide, six feet deep
and about 00 feet long, where thc
Confederates were buried. I was told
with a heave and a swing the boys
were pitched to their last resting
placo. Tho Federals were covered
over with dirt wherever found and
barely covered at that. We next went
to a piece of woods west of the road
and south of the house, the captain
showing us where Colonel Williams,
of his regiment, was killed by a Fed
eral sharpshooter. The colonel had
dismounted from his horse in front of
his regiment and was tying his bridlo
reins to a limb when thc Federal
sharpshooter, some 40 yards distant in
the bushes, fired and killed him. As
he wheeled and dashed to his reai
30 v<-companies of tho regiment fired
a volley at him. Ono of the captain V
men / was with us and said he could
find him, and proceeded to hunt foi
him while the rest of us entered ac
old fiold and went to picking black
?ricraclo ut Ox Mill.
! berries. It was not long after that
j bofore he called and we went to him,
; and sure enough there he was strctck
i ed at full length on his back, with six
ball holes in him that we could sec.
Some ono had deprived him of every
j tiling except his shirt, pants and
1 socks, but did not think enough of the
j poor fellow to give him decent burial,
! and I doubt his ever being buried.
[ We decided he must have been a very
brave man or a fool, to shoot down thc
colonel in front of his regiment when
he knew it would bc certain death to
' him. Tige Anderson's brigade was on
; its old camping ground, having rc
: wained around Manassas and Ccntcr
villc from the first battle in July un
i til thc Sill of Marth, 18G2, during the
' time building winter quarters near
; Mantissas Junction. The regulars had
i done picket duty all over thc country,
. as far oui as Accotink (.'reek and Mun
? son's hill, where we saw our lirst blue
coats and did our first outpost duty in
i While at Falls Church under Hriga
j dior General James Longstreet and
jColonelJ. K.M. Stewart, of thc fa
i mous "Black Horse" regiment, thc
; regulars stuck their lirst powder at a
small village called Lcwinsvillc, near
. chain bridge, ?m the Potomac.
Thc second battle of Manassas was
j brought on by General Pope ordering
General I'ortcr to turn Jackson's right
; Hank twenty seven hours after Long
? street had arrived ?ind taken position
on the field. Coming in contact with
Longstreet, he did not succeed, and
General 1'ope, having to place thc
blame for his defeat on someone, had
I General Porter, after the battle, court
martialed and cashiered for failing to
accomplish an impossibility. At thc
same time he gave Longstreet one of
the hardest tights it was ever my good
fortuue to participate in. (Many
years after the war Congress reinsta
ted General Porter with full rank and
pay, a noble deed.) Some of General
Lawton's men in Johnston's command
told mc that at 12 o'clock Friday they
were in thc railroad cut near Grovc
lou, with thc Federal linc confronting
them, without a single gun being tired
on the line. When Longstreet ar
rived, "Long Tom," a famous rille
piece captured from Sherman' battery
at thc lirst battle ?if Manassas, was at
the head of the column and opened
Ure on thc enemy.
The echoes cd' the lirst gun had tu>t
ceased reverberating over tho hills b .
fore every mau in tho Federal lines
was on his feet, ?nd it could be heard
all along the line, "Longstreet has
arrived"-they knew by tho sound of
the gun. It has always been a mys
tery to me why the famous G encrai
Pope did not kuow of Longstreet's ar
rival as well as his men. Lawton's
men were charged in tho railroad cut
by Billie Wilson's zouaves, coming up
near enough to wave their flags over
tho Confederates' heads. They left
on less than one acre of ground 300 of
While Anderson's brigade was near
"the Federal hospital, I saw General
Lee walking about with his arm iu a
sling. Report said that morning he
had been wounded by a spent ball
fired by some cowardly soldier who
failed to shoo^off his gun in the bat
tle the day before. Let that bc as it
may, the general rode in the ambu
lance thc most of thc trip through
Maryland. 1 have never seen or ex
pect to sec another soldier or man that
will compare with li. E. Lee.
ile must have been something over
six feet in height, with an erect mili
tary Ggurc, weighing somewhere be
tween 1G0 and 17? pounds. His hair
in youth must have been black, bat
at that time was f.?st turning gray.
Ile wore a closely*cropped full beard
and mustache His eyes were l/ack
ami as piercing as those of au eagle.
He had the grandest, most command
ing appearance of any man I ever saw.
A9 his boys would say, "Look at Mars
Robert; he looks like he was born to
command ibo world."
There was nothing put on about him.
I have seen corporals put on more
frills; in other words, General Lee's
overcoat with capo thrown in would
not have made thc flap on the vest
pocket of some of our small fry offi
cers. Ile was tho idol of his men,
they having the same confidence iu
him that a child has in its parents.
You could hear one soldier ask au
othcr: "Where do you think wc arc
going now?" The answer would in
variably bc: "I don't know, and don't
care, as long as Mart1 Robert is in com
I Somothing strange, I was with his
: army seven months and during that
i time he defeated four of the grand
i armies of the Potomao, but I never
I heard him cheered by bia soldiers.
' As some writer has expressed it, the
i soldiers' feeling for General Lee was
- too deep for expression. While Gen
....... . \ . ... .A_?x, v . .
i eral Jackson caused them to go wild
and hubble over. (Jenora! Lee was un
ideal of a perfect mat:, a man who
passed from his cradle to his grave,
without spot or blemish, in other
words, there was nothing small about
him but his little lingers. Wheo
mounted on his favorite battle horse,
"Travelor," he made a superb picture.
Traveler shared the admiration and
affection of thc soldiers with his fa
mous rider, and his name will bc hand
ed dowe lo generations yet unborn.
Ile was a very dark iron gray, tail and
well proportioned, with a beautiful
head and neck. I never saw him
moviug out of a walk. The general
rode him home after the surrender at
Appomattox and at the general's death
i ' followed the hearse to the grave
with saddle and holsters, led by an
ex-Confederate soldier on either side
of him. At his death his ride was
prepared by n. taxidermist and to-day
at Lexington, Ya., Traveler and Lit
tle .Sorrel, Jackson's famous war
horse, stand side by side, as natural
as in lifo. It has becu nearly thirty
three years ago since I saw our two
most famous generals mounted on
their favorite war steeds, but the
sight of those famous horses would
cause nie to shed tears quicker than
anything cbc on this green earth.
Late in the evening Tige Anderson's
brigade again hit the grit,-crossing
Cool Hun at the brick house, and
marching to Sudlcy's mills on Bull
Bun. where we bivouacked for the
night. Karly on the morning of Sep
tember 1st we crossed Bull Hun and
took up the line of march on the trail
or flank of the enemy, keeping up a
lively tramp throughout the day.
About sunset the regiments in thc
brigade filed out of thc road to our
right. Just after wo broke ranks
their- was a heavy shower of rain and
while still raining we heard to our
right the music of small arms, said to
have been in General Druyton's Geor
gia brigade. The order was to fall tn,
arms were taken aud we struck out at
thc double quick down the road, in
thc direction which we had been
marching before .ve were halted for
We had not gone far before we
could hear in the distance deep roar of
cannon and muskets, and, as somo of
the boys expressed it, hell had broke
loose again. Wc went over a mile,
when we were halted in a lane and
ordered by the right flank. Jumping
the fence, wc moved in line of battle
through a Held. The roar of battle
was to our left, we being on Jackson's
right. In our front the Federals had
several batteries of artillery and gave
us what Teddy gave the drum. Wc
certainly stuck might}' close to Moth
er Marth while the shells were trying
to lop off thc tree tops over our heads.
We could not decide which was most
io be feared, the shells or the limbs
that came crashing down. We re
mained there for some time under lire.
Night had spread ber mantle over the
earth; il was pitch dark, aud the
flashes of light from the bursting
shells made it look like the regions of
the lost. But all tbiugs come to and
end. About 10 o'clock, after quiet
had again resumed her sway, the
brigade was marched back to the road,
where we built fires with fenoo rails
and dried our wet clothing, remaining
there tho remainder of tho night.
Jackson had again overtaken General
Pope, and had a right lively battlo
with his forces at aplace called Ox
Hill, near Fairfax Court House. About
1 o'clock I was ordered by Lieutenant
Hutson to take a detail of men and go
back after our baggage where we had
first stopped for the night.
On our arrival at the camp we found
a good many stragglers with their
camp fires. While at ono of the fires
I saw approaching a litter borne by
That's a word
which may not be in
the dictionary in this
sense of its use, but
which is in very common use in some
sections of the country. n She's always
piecing'' they say of the woman who
runs to the cupboard at irregular hours
and eats a piece of pie, cake, or some
other dainty. This irregular eating is
one of thc chief causes of dyspepsia
and " weak " stomach.
Diseases of the stomach and other
organs of digestion and nutrition are
completely cured by the use of Doctor
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It
increases the supply of rich, pure blood,
and gives the body vitality and vigor.
"A year apo I won reeling very badly," writes
Mr*. Linie Abrams, of 15S Johnson Avtnue.
nrooklyn, N. Y. ? ?tad n very poor appeUte and
when f s .-it down at the table I could not eat,
but would have to po ?way without even tasUng
the food. Chancing to hear from a friend
who used your ' Golden Medical Discovery ! for
a disease similar to mine, I thought 1 would
give th? medicine a trial, and I can hardly
express the benefit received from it. The first
dose seemed to do mc good. My appetite re
turned and I was able to eat heartily. I have
Improved so much since taking the 'Golden
Medical Discovery1 I do not look like the same
person. Am to-day well and strong-the result
of taking six bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, paper covers, is sent free on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing only. Address Dr.
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, ?. Y.
lour mou on their shoulders, with a I
lieutenant in command. Un reaching '
tho tire they placed the litter on the j
ground, and I saw lying on it a soldier j
wearing thc uniform of a general in
the l.'nitcd States army, with one arm
and an empty sleeve folded across his
breast. Thc litter-bearers, from some
cause, were mum, refusing to give us
any information as to who the officer
was. While we were standing around
him three Federal prisoners were
brought up who had been captured
while out foraging for their suppers,
one sergeant and two privates. Thc
sergeant informed us that thc dead
soldier was General Phil Kearny, of
Mexican war fame, who at the time of
his death was in command of a di
vision, and one of the bravest officers
in thc Federal army. The sergeant
also showed us a rent in his empty
sleeve where it had been torn by a
piece of shell on Saturday at Manas
sas. The general and his staff in the
darkness, had ridden near Jackson's
men through mistake, and on seeing
their error, wheeled and made a dash
for life, but too late, as the Confed
erates recognized them and fired a
volley, the general being shot from
his horse. His remains were carried
to General Lee's headquarters, and j
the next morning, in an ambulance, '
under a flag of truce, ho was returned
to the Federal lines. We secured our
baggage and returned to the regiment,
where we remained during thc rest of
the night, on the soft sido of a fence
rail to keej) out of thc mud.
W. II. Andrews.
Short Skirts Urged.
Dr. Henry H. Hopkins, president
of the New York State Medical So
ciety and vice president of the So
ciety for tho Pr?vention of Tubercu
losis, said in a recent address before a
woman's club of BulFalo:
"The idea that consumption is
caused by exposure to thc cold or that
most of it is heredity has been proven
to bc fallacious. Scientific investi
gation has demonstrated that tubercu
losis germs are spreading the disease.
A persistent campaign of education is
necessary. The people must be made
to realize the danger and the fact that
they can help to eheck the ravages of
thc disease, and then it will be pos
sible to abolish the tuberculosis as
nearly as yellow fever and cholera
have been banished. Both these dis
eases were regular and expected visi
tors at one time, but sience has un
folded their mysteries, and the medi
cal world has been able almost wholly
tomaster them by purdy precautionary
The doctor said that he hoped
the members of the New York State
Medical Society, when the time came,
would take steps to sec that paper
money was put out of usc, so far as
il and $2 denominations were con
cerned. When these bills arc new
there is little danger of spreading
tuberculosis germs, but when thoy
get old they absorb them and conse
quently are the cause of more than
one person dying of consumption.
He hoped that women would wear
short skirts, especially on the street.
He said that long skirts picked up all
the germs there were on the sidewalk,
carefully rolled them together and
dropped them on the carpets at home.
The lecturer urged the use of small
rugs instead of carpets, as wood
can be kept clean so much more easily
and it is little trouble to cleanse rugs
of small dimensions. Ho spoke strong
ly against thc increasing use of grill
work in handsome houses, saying
that thc numerous small interstices
form resting places from which it is
almost impjssible to dislodge thc
j dust, and germs flourish where dust is.
Dr. Hopkins protested against al
j lowing babies to be kissed and against
1 thc common practice of kissing among
women. In no way can disease germs
be more readily communicated, he
said. In one case within his knowl
edge a mother had her baby out it
its carriage one afternoon and mel
several friends, who kissed it. The in
fant soon developed tuberculosis
which was directly traceable to one ol
thc kisses. Alargo proportion of th<
victims of the disease acquire it no
from heredity, but from germs tha
are easily avoidable if proper precau
tions are used. The law against spit
ting in public places, said thc doctor
should be made more stringent am
should be strictly enforced.-Nev
A woman who has had experiene
with this disease, tells how to proven
any dangerous consequences from it
She says: Our three children too!
whooping cough last Summer, ou
baby boy being only three months old
and owing to our giving them Cham
j berlain's Cough Remedy,they lost non
I of their plumpness and came out i
j much better health than other chi
dred whose parents did not use thi
1 remedy. Our oldest little girl woul
j call lustily for cough syrup betwee
whoops.-JESSIE PINKEY HALI
I Springville, Ala. This remedy is f<
sale by Orr-Gray Drug Co.
- Some men aro so stingy the
won't even give advice.
Seasonable Goods for the Farmers.
WE are prepared to furnish the Farmer with just such Farm Imple
ments as he needs at this season of the year.
You will always find our stock of STEEL PLOWS complete.
There is no way that the Farmer can economize more than to use one of
our UNIVERSAL GUANO DISTRIBUTORS, that openB the furrow and
puts in the Fertilizer at the same time, unless it is to get one of our WEED
ERS, and run it over the cotton field just as it is trying to break through the
hard crust that forms on the bedded row just after one of these Spring rains
that never fails to come. Come in and let us tell you about our Adjustable
Keystone Weeder-the great labor saver and cotton raiser.
Don't fcrget that we are Headquarters for COTTON PLANTERS
HARROWS, CULTIVATORS and HOES. Our PERFECT HARROW
-the greatest Corn and Cotton Cultivator on the market-once you get one
of these Harrows you cannot afford to do without them. We also sell the
Roman and Terrel that stands first on the list.
HOES !-Just received a Car Load of Hoes, all sizes and kinds, and prices
are low enough.
Big stock of Gardeu Rakes and other tools for the gardener.
Builders' Hardware, Nails and Barb Wire always on hand.
BROCK HARDWARE COMPANY,
Successors to Brock Brothers.
D. S. VANDIVER. E. P. VANDIVER,
ANDERSON, S. C., APRIL 9, 1902.
BIG LINE SAMPLE SHOES
JUST IN AT GREAT BARGAINS.
STAPLE LINE DRY GOODS
AT RIGHT PRICES. '
We can make you the CHEAPEST price in this section on
Flour, Bacon. Molasses) Lard,
Bice. Coffee and Tobacco.
Your trade is appreciated.
D. 8= VANDIVER. J. J. MAJOR. E. P. VANDIVEB
Vandiver Bros. & Major.,
- DEALERS IN -
BUGGIES, SUBRIES, PHAETONS, WAGONS
Harness, Lap Robes, Whips, Etc.
ANDERSON, 8. C., AritiL 9, 1902.
t&* WE have a large and beautiful line to select from and our PRICE
, COME TO SEE US.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Tbe Kind You Have Always Bought, and which bas beea
in use for over SO years? bas borne tbe Signatare of
and bas been made tinder bis per?
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'-G??cA?*<Z Allow no one to deceive you in tb is.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are bot
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children--Experience against Experimento
What is CASTORIA
?astoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil? Fare*
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. Tt is pleasant: ?&
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Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
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The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
GENLHNe CASTORIA ALWAYS
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In Use For Over 30 Years.
THC CENTAUR COMPANY. TV MURRAY OTOtCT. NEW ?ORR CITY.
- AND -
I=^H1F=>_A.IF^S FOR STO"^^
BIG shipment just received and more on the way. We handle none but
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the following raa'ces : IRON KING, ELMO, RUTH, TIMES, SOUTHERN
BAKER and GARLAND.
Roofing, Guttering, Plumbing,
And Electrical Wiring pi omptly done.
We also carry a complete line of Tinware, Woodenware, Enamel Ware,
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ICE CREAM FREEZERS and WATER COOLERS just in.
?ST* See us before you buy. Yours truly,
ARCHER & NORRIS.
JUST A WORD
About Something that should
Interest You ? ! ! ! 2 ! !
WE HAVE A FEW- *
SECOND HAND UPRIGHT PIANOS !
Some you would readily buy for new. BARGAINS THESE. A big line
of Squares for practice work ; you will find they fill the bill as well as a new
one. At from S19.00 up.
OUR ORGAN DEPARTMENT is running over with good things. You
should see them and get prices. A few special bargains if you come at once.
OUR SEWING MACHINE DEPARTMENT is by far the largest in the
State, and more Standard varieties are here to select from. Here are bar?
gainB in second-hand Machines that you ought to pick up.
Come in when in town, and we will take pleasure in showing you through.
THE C. A. BEEB MUSIC HOUSE.
? Well Furnished Home
Is not necessarily an expensive!j
furnished one, as at TOLLY'S hand
some; even sumptuous, FURNITURE
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not that we deni in knocked-together,
mnde-tocell sort, but because we are
content with a reasonable profit on
really good articles of Furniture
Our best witness ?B the Goods them?
. G. F. TOLLY & SON,
The Old Reliable Furniture Dealers, Depot St., Anderson, S. C.
A. G. STRICKLAND,
OFFICE-Front Rooms over Farm
eiv and Merchants Bank.
The opposite "ant illustrates Con
tinuous Gum Teeth. The Ideal
Plate-more cleanly than the natu
ral teeth? No bad taste or breath
from Pl*'4* of this kind*
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Drop in and see ue about it.
3MC. M. MATTISON,
Peoples' Bank Building, ANDERSON S. C,