Newspaper Page Text
I MCLAURIN GIVES IT UP.
?junior Senator ?swe* Address to tte
Washi?gton, May 4.-Under date
?of Msy 3 Senator Mclaurin, of South
?Carolina, has issued tho following ad?
Hdress to the people of South Carolina:
9 "My fellow Citizens of South Caro
?lins: The great dootrine'of representa
BLive responsibility io the foundation
Betone upon which our republic rests,
?B?Dd no one moro keenly than ? reoog
Bniies his accountability to tho people
?of South Carolina for alf official acts.
IfLt the same time, no people who in
Eist that their representatives adhere
Ko political policies and traditions long
Biince dead and deolare Chem vital is
Euee can ever become truly great.
Hy,very advancement in the history of
Eur race has been -tho direct result of
independence of thought and notion.
En most of the states of this Union,
Rbis is secured by the presence of two
Hpolitieal parties and tho resultant dia
Eussion of every publio question be
Kore the people, who are thus enabled
Bo form an intelligent opinion and give
Bli verdict at the ballot box. Unfor
Igtunately in South Carolina for nearly
Eo years we have been unable to have
Ewo parties for fear of negro domina
Bftiou, and for ten years, after tho
Elampton revolution of 1876, our peo
jffple took no interest in publio affairs,
Beyond maintaining a 'white man's
government/ About the year 1890,
??however, began whal was known as
Ehe 'farmers' movement,' which was
Bnothing more than an instinctive
Effort on the part of the people to pre
Eervc the principle of self-government.
Hwith Shell, Irby, Norris, Tillman,
EDonaldson and others, I contributed
E?hat I could towards its success, sim
Bply because I felt that agitation was
Better than stagnation, and it is pass
Hog strange, in that connection, that
Hhe leader of that movement, B. R.
?Tillman, was then denounced, asl am
SJOW denounced, fur attumpiing to
Hilahoneize the State. The freedom
. pf thought and action, however, whioh
Hollowed the farmers' movement, open
Bd the doors for every white man and
Rvery negro who voted for Hampton
Hn 1876, and they could advooate
Hrhatcver views they oared to express,
Rjrovided only that they took an oath
?to support the nominees of the pri
Hbary ?lection. Men who voted the
Kation al Republican ticket were allow
Bd to vote in the primary for State
Rod county officers, a-d I have heard
Krom the same platform men claiming
Wko be Democrats, advocating Cleve
Hand and the gold standard, and others,
?Weaver and free silver. And since
Rhen no attempt has ever been made
Ho exclude those who bolted with the
independent Haskell movement, the
?Populist Bowden movement, or the
^Republican Pope movement.
H "I was eleoted to congress in 1892,
. after a heated canvass against able op
Htonents and yet on every stamp io
Bhe district. J proclaimed my indepen
Hence and announced that upon
Rational questious I would follow my
Bown judgment, and [not be bound bs
Hhe caucus of any party. Although
Hay Pcmocraoy was assailed at thal
Rime, I was eleoted four times uppr
Hhe same declaration of principles
?Carrying out my pledges to the peo
H>le, Ibc?in a systematic study of the
Ruestions of'/ne day with the resull
Bhat I changed my views upon man]
Hf them. The first marked diff?rend
Hvith my party associates arose ove
Hhe tariff question while I was in th<
Rouse and a member of its ways an(
Ricans committee. Again, in 189"
Bvhen I was a candidate for the sen
Rte, I was charged with being a Re
Bublican, but I disregarded the char
Hcterization and resolutely contendoi
Bhat the polioies whioh I advocate?
Brere for the material advancement o
Rho people, Regardless of how the;
I "My attitude waa endorsed by?Si
Ber cent, of those voting in the pri
Bury, and t came to the senate. Th
H^uos growing out of the Spanish wa
Bvidcned the breach between mysel
Bud the Democratic party leaders, fe
R could ouly follow the dictates of m
Honscience and stand by-"Amcrica
Soldiers fighting upon a foreign soi
?At that time the war was not a part
Buestion and I hoped it', would nc
Recome so. % In this I was disappoint
Bd and was soon confronted by tb
Blternative of retracing my 6teps, '<
Rinding myself in opposition to
Biajority of the Democratic party aa
Bxcludedfrom their, caucus. I coi
Bluded not even a seat in the Unite
?States senate was worth, a surrend?
Bf my convictions and that opinion :
Bnchaugod. There is no i a specob, <
EVote ot" viine upon any question grov
Rog out of the. Spanish-American wi
?that I would change, oven if I ooul<
Band which I do not take prido in, thi
?proving my loyalty to my country.
"I have ever maintained this ind
?Pendence of thought and action. La
?summer, recognizing my responsibi
??ty to the people, there being no oar
Baign in the state, T announced n
?intention of going before them for tl
?parp?se of disoussing these nation
H'ssues. I was immediately and vi
Bently assailed for advocating Bepubl
Ban doctrines and branded as a Repu
Rican in Democratic diagaise. T!
But? Democratic exeoutivo committi
met ft td under the die talion of my
colleague in the senate, formally do
eUred that I was not ? Democrat,
which formed the basis for similar
action on the part of th? D?mocratie
caucus of the United States senate.
The policy of my opponents has been
ta belittle the real issues into a per
sonal quarrel between 'Tillman \ and
MoLaurio/ This issue ! ?rn not will
ing to accept, ft? I do not propose to
be influenced ia my pablio course by
personal ?pleen or petty jealously.
The public interests should never bo
subordinated to purely personal ends.
Now, the proposition of my political
enemies is to exclude me from tb ? pri
mary as ft candidate, and to exclude
all candidatos for office who entertain
my views and thus prevent the people
from hearing me in justification of my
course and in advooaoy of the absorb
ing public measures now confronting
the Americas people, ? ?m coaviuc?u
and forewarned of this purpose to ex-,
elude me and my friends, beosnse I
have read the speech of Senator Till
San, the acknowledged dictator of the
emooratio maohiue of South Caro
lina, delivered at Manning, inwhioh he
directs revision of the rules and form
and oath of the party for the purpose
of excluding myself and friends from
participating in the primary. I resent
the suggested exception of myself, for
of course I would not make my race
for the senate, or proclaim my views
under conditions which were not
equally applicable to those who enter
tain and advocate my views. I have an
abiding faith that it will yet he shown
thnt the dictator of the machine is not
tho exponent of the views of the
majority of our people. The primary
system adopted in our state through
the farmers' movement has been pros
tituted and perverted into a politioal
machine for the purpose of excluding
all candidates who are not in full
accord with the views and wishes of
the dictator. The question, there
fore is, will the people of the state
submit to disfranchising tue inteiii
gent people and excluding them from
"With such a system I have no
sympathy and feel impelled by a strict
sense of duty, to warn the people
against such tyranny as it encourages
and establishes. With these facts
before me, and my convictions as to
the original purpose <tf the primary
system, I am driven to the conclusior
that it has subserved its purposes and
bas outlived its usefulness. It is,
therefore, a matter of no concern t<
me what may be the action of the Ma]
convention as to the rules of the pri
mary and a revision of its pledges.
"The suspension of froe speeoh anc
independence of notion by such mean
renders it impossible for any self-re
snooting citizens holding my views, fc
beeome a candidate in the Demoorati
primary in South:Carolina. It is ap
parent that the system has been warf
ed and twisted so as to serve the on
purpose of throttling free speeoh, fre
thought and liberty of action. Th
primary system in South Carolina ha
been sacrificed upon the altar of pai
ti a an ship and personal malignity, an
has therefore beoome unpatriotic an
useless and should be ignored an
finally repudiated by our people, t
look hopefully to the results of a fa
and just general election under 01
state and national laws.
"A party yoke has been placed upo
our people and it has beeome too gal
iog for further endurance, and yet
realize that many of my loyal frien<
would even once more hold in johe<
.their resolution not to again enter 01
system of primary elections in ord
to again vote for me, but I have reao
ed the point where I will not suhje
them to subscribing to an oath to su
port men. and measures which do n
represent their views upon the issu
of the American people today.
"JOHN LOWNDES MCLAUBIN."
Sciatic Rheumatism Cured After F
teen Years of Suffering.
"I have been afflicted with scia
rheumatism for fourteen years," sa
Josh Edgar, of Germantown, Cal.
was able to be around but constan!
suffered. I" tried everything ! coi
hear of and at last was told to t
Chamberlain's Pain Balm,which Ic
and was immediately relieved and ii
abort time cured, and I am happy
say it has not since returned." W
not use this liniment and get well?
ia ?or sal? by Orr-Gray Drug Co.
__:-? 1 i -
- Noozy-"I wonder why the fi
woman ?vas called Eve." Henpeol
"Probably to signify that Adam 1
had his day, and it was all over wt
- George Gwion, of Hnntingt
Tex., a negro, 102 years old. 1
founded a numerous family. He
the father of 47 ohildren, all of wi
are living. He has 140 grandchildr
10 great-grandchildren. \ and 3 gre
great-grandchildren living, mak
the total membership of his fan
200. Several . grandchildren h
- The wife who hasn't time
keep from running down at the h<
hasn't time to keep her hushat
fancy from going astray.
Thc ladies wonder how Mrs.
manages to preservo her yoiitt
looks. The secret is she takes Pri
ly Ash Bitters; it keeps tho sys
in perfect order. Evans Pharmi
- Once there was a man who
tai ned his friends when he was
trouble-in a story book.
WALKING OF THE FISHES.
A Branch of Natue Study Much 5e*
It is a pity that BO many lovers and
students of nature pay little or no at
tention to "the water under the earth."
Birds and flowers are studied with en
thusiasm hy thousands, but the ani
mal and vegetable life of the water
particularly the animal life-seems to
be overlooked or disregarded, aa be
longing to a foreign element This is
unfortunate, because there is eo much
of rare and surprising interest in the
study of water life-so many revela
tions of the wonders of God's crea
tion, BO many glimpses into the mar
velous resources and adaptabilities of
nature. The life'of the water is not
only fascinating in its own body of
facts, but it is full of contrast with
the life of earth and air. and now in
curious correspondence with it. The
study of fishes in particular is most
fascinating; and I do not know how
the mind of a beginner in nature-study
oould be more stimulated and broad
ened than hy making a series-of ob
servations simultaneously upon fishes
and birds. These two great kingdoms
are strangely alike and yet unlike.
Their contrasts and correspondences
are more interesting than any romance,
and bringing out new points, both of
striking divergence and approaoh.
The waking of the fishes in the
spring is a most oharming chapter to
study in connection with the return of
the birds. I suppose there is scarce
ly one person in 50 who knows that
many tribes of fishes, as well as of
birds, migrate to warmer waters dur
ing the winter, and return, at the
same time with the birds, to lay eggs
and even build nests as they do. But
this is a faot long ago established by
scientists; and there may bo, if we
choose, great delight in knowing and
taking advantage of it.
April is distinctly the month of
waking and activity with the fishes,
just as it is with the birds; and from
now until the middle of latter part of
May is the time when both tribes may
be studied with the greatest profit and
delight. Any one ho lives in the
vicinity of brooks, rivers or ponds,
and particularly of streams flowing
into the sea, may be sure of rich re
turns from time spent, during the
month of April, in observing the
fishes. All waters are theo alive with
them, while the great instinct and
necessity of reproduction is stimulat
ing them to greatest activity, and at
the same time bringing out their most
Let us glance at the migratory hab
its of some 3f our commoner fishes,
such as may be found, daring the
warmer months of the year, in almost
any stream larger than a rivulet. Do
ouch fish, for instance, as the perch,
the sucker, the sunfish, the bass, the
pike and the brook trout, ever mi
grate? It is the common impression,
I am aware, that they do not, and yet
a careful study of their habits proves
them to bo what we ct' , among the
birds, "semi-migrants." - That is to
say, these fishes pass down from the
higher waters of streams to the lower
and warmer waters, and very often
into larger streams or into ponds and
lakes, returning with the waking sea
son in the spring to the shallower wa
ters, where they breed and spend the
first half of the year-counting spring
BB its beginning.
Every country boy knows, for exam
ple, something about the spring mi
gration of the suckers; and when you
see him starting out with his "gigging
pole," or his rod and line, you may be
pretty sure that the snobers are be
ginning to run up some brook that be
wots of. So it is also with the brook
trout, tho gamy and delicious and
highly prized fontinalis, as your expe
rienced angler well knows. In April
the trout came swarming up the small
er rivers and streams from which they
have migrated during the winter.
They are coming up to spawn, and to
remain until fall, when the downward
pilgrimage again begins. The well
informed and skillful angler meets
them on their spring migration, whee
tho law allows him to take them. ID
the fall, however, the season is closed
legally, ostensibly because it is spavin
?iog time, though as a matter of fact,
the spawning of brook trout take*
place about midway between the
spring and fall migrations.
The blaok bass is another instance
of a fish that migrates to deeper watei
J ate in the season; and fishermen
through the iee of ponds and lakes can
testify to the great increase in the
number of porch, pickerel, etc, during
the winter, aa these fishes come oui
from the ponds and creeks to warmei
and more protected depths. And. so 1
think we may olaim that there is a
semi-migration of many of onr com
moner fishes twice a year, just as there
ia ol robins, bine jays, crows, flicken
and other familiar birds, that do not
entirely leave the temperate zone in
their search for a warmer elimata io
winter. Here, then,' is one pleasing
correspondence between birds and
fishes-that a certain number of both
tribes are limited or semi-migrants.
A further and more marked corre
apon den ce. m ay be observed in tho case
of certain salt-water fishes, particu
larly those that spawn ia . fresh water
streams-the anadromous fishes, soy
called. Those fishes make extended
southward migrations, inst as thc ma
jority of birds do, and return at the
same season, ia the spring-the great
waking and home-re turning month of
April. At the same time that thc
mighty army of birds is speeding
northward, what wc might call the
fleet of the fishes is accompanying
them along the coast; and we may
trace the progreso of the latter by the
successive dates when they ascend the
coast streatni,*bcginnieg to do thia as
early as January in the Savannah Uiv
er, and continuing gradually north
ward, until onr New England coast
streams receive them in April and
early May. The names of these fresh
water breeding migrants among the
fishes are familiar to nearly all dwell
ers along the coast-the herrings, ale
wives, shad and salmon. But hosts of
other sea fishes, that do not spawn in
fresh water, are migratory, and oome
northward at the same time with the
birds, only we cannot trace their jour
neyings as exactly as we oan those of
the anadromous fishes.
Now let us turn for a moment to
that other curiously bird-like habit of
certain fishes, when they, like the
birds, are walking to the joys and re
sponsibilities of family life, that is,
nest-building. The majority of fishes,
to be sure, like some birds, lay their
eggs without providing any nests for
them, but certain species are very par
ticular about the homes and safe
guards of their offspring. The rook
bass and the two varieties of blaok
bass are well known examples. These
fishes'scoop out a hole with their fins
in the bottom of the stream, and then j
bring pebbles or small stones to the
bowl-like cavity,to whioh the female at
taches her spawn, mounting guard over
the nest until the eggs hatch, wbioh
is generally within ten days. Any of
fending objeot dropped upon or near
the nest is promptly and indignantly
The sunfish, or "pumpkin seed,"
also scoops out a.nest in the bottom
of the stream, but does not ballast it
with pebbles. Her nest is larger and
deep, however, and built in compara
tively still water, where the unattach
ed eggs are not likely to be carried
away by the current. The female not
only watohes over the eggs till they
are hatched, but drives away every
intruder, even of her own species,
that ventures to.approach the spot.
The stickleback's nest, however, is,
the most remarkable of all fish nests,
mo$t like a bird's nest, being built of
grass and weeds, fastened together
with slime from the fish's own body.
There is a hole entirely through the
nest, from one side to the other, pro
vided in order that water may con
stantly flow over the eggs. In the
case of the stickleback, curiously
enough, it is the male that builds and
defends the nest.-James Bookham
in Zion's Herald.
-~ mt a m?mm , .
Talked Ten Dollars Worth.
'I remember when Judge Austin
waa trying a case in the Criminal
Court," said a Milwaukee lawyer,
"that he had a fellow to defend who
was evidently guilty. When the time
came for him to plead he rose and said
he was villing to let the case go to the
jury at otee, believing that there wgs
no chance for acquittal.
"He waa nudged by the defendant,
who said: 'For the Lord's sake say
'* 'You know you are guilty and you
didn't pay me much anyway,' whis
pered the lawyer.
" 'I know that,' said the prisoner.
;I only paid you $10, and for goodness
sake talk $10 worth anyway.'
"Every one in the room heard that,
and Judge Austin talked his $10
worth. He Cleared his man, too."
Do not always receive the sympathy
they deserve. Their ailments are
imaginary, or natural and unavoida
life. Disease and infirmity should n
ated with old age. The eye of the g;
may be as bright and the complexio
his younger end more vigorous con
Good BiootBie tho soopot m
i j and controls every part of the body
muscles elastic and supple, the bones
this life fluid is polluted or poisoned ?
ing* elements, then there is a rapid c
in premature old age and disease. A
? I shows itself in an ulcer, sore, war
growth upon the \fody, and rheumati
constant, accompanied with poor dig?
S. S. S. be
best blood pur
or hurt the sys
but gently an
ailments disappear. S. S. S. is jusi
improve a weak digestion and tone uj
tary taint, or the remains of some di:
will search it ont and remove every v
Write us fully about your case ai
yon. This will cost you nothing, an
and skin, diseases. THE SWIF1
THE undersigned, having suce'ee
& Co., will continue it at tho old stan<
Repairing and Repainting prorap
, We make a specialty of "Goodye
General Blacksmith and Woodwo
Only"experienced and skilled wor
Wo have now ready for sale He
that we especially invite your attentioi
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tir
Church Street, Oppo?ite Jail.
Women Barbers In Chicago.
Coe hundred ?nd fifty Chicago wo
roon earn a living every day shaving
men and cutting hair. There are 25
or 30 barber shops in the oity where
women are employed exclusively. Fif
teen years ago there was but one wo
man barber in Chicago. But to-day
there are 150 women barbers in Chios
go and they are not confined to any
particular part of the oity. They are
scattered through all sections and have
suooeeded in dissociating themselves
from the novelty that accompanied
their entranoe into a field so long dom
inated by men.
Now that the feminine razor artists
have established themselves firmly iu
the industrial field they are consider
ing the organization of a union that
shall inolude all of the women barbers
o? Chicago Most of them look upon
this step as the salvation of thoir bus
iness, for they have grown to that
period of development where they foci
the need of co-operation and self-pro
In spite of the faot that women bar
bers have increased 150 times in num
bers in Cuicago during the last deo
I ade and a half, the supply is not equal
j to the demand at the present time.
This is due as much to tho growing
popularity of women in this line as
to any other cause, but there is ono
element in this connection that is more
Persons who conduct barber shops in
which women are employed are both
ered more by marriage than by any
other one thing.
"It's really remarkable," Baid a
young woman in a Washington street
shop the other day. "No less than
half a dozen girls employed in this
shop have married within the last two
years and most of them met their hus
bands while they were working on
them in the chair. The matrimonial
game has grown so strong here that
now we expect two weeks' notice when
a girl intends to quit and get married,
and sometimes she is asked to work s
week or two after the ceremony
has been performed because it it
so hard to get any one to take hei
Women barbers as a class are
more than satisfied with their occupa
"I wouldn't change into any othei
line if I could," said this same WO'
man. "I am compelled to work and 1
do not know of anything I could do that
would be as essy and at tho same time
bring me 60 much money. In most
Chicago shops women barbers reoeive
a commission of the profits of theil
chairs. This amounts to not less that
$10 a week, whioh is not a bad salary
for a woman. The work is light-to<
light for men, I am inolined to thin)
and I find it not at til unpleasant. Th<
time has passed when a woman barbel
was regarded as a freak. Few mei
come into our shop nowadays for th?
novelty of thc thing. We have om
regular customers, just ss they do ii
other shops, get our tips the same ai
other barbers do, and I for one an
wholly satisfied with the business
People who don't know anything abou
the work turn up their noses wbei
some one says 'worn:.n barber' to them
Well, they're wrong, and this attitudi
of the publio is becoming less and les
noticeable all the time." ,
Priekly Ash Bitters cures the kid
neys, regulates the liver, tones up tb
tomaoh and purifies the bowels.
- Man is born to rule the world
but along comes woman and declrre
it is up to her.
? -A woman jumps at a conclusioi
and wins; a man hesitates and loses.
- Patience isa woman's long sui
when her children are annoying tin
and attention which'
regarded as purely
hie at their time of
lot always be associ-;
ray haired grandsirej
n as fair as any of'
ifhoalthyotdagjo, for it regulates
, strengthens the nerves, makes the
i strong and the flesh firm ; but when
md loses its nutritive, health sustain
lecline of the vital powers, resulting
ny derangement of the blo?d quickly
t, tumor or some other troublesome
ic and neuralgic pains become almost
:stion and cold extremities,
ing purely vegetable, is the safest and
ifier for old people. It does not shock
tem like thc strong mineral remedies,
d thoroughly cleanses the blood and
i debilitated organs, when all bodily
t such antonie as old people need to
> the Stomach. If there is any heredi
sease contracted in early life, S. S..S.
estige of it /rum the system,
ad let our physicians advise and help
d we will mail free our book on blood
T SPECIFIC COMPANY. Atlanta. Ga.
WOODWORK SHOPS !
ded to the business of Frank Johneo
I, and solicits the patronage of the public
ar," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing
mie-made. Hand-made Farm Wagon
j for business,
J. P. TODD.
P. G. BROW*. E.A.SMYTH, CA GAMUTS r A
Prea .tTrww viT P?? ?. UAHBBILL, *. A. B?RimiDOB,
* rea. <s i reas. Vice Pre?. ?eoretary. 8ppt. Chemical ??pt.
COTTON SEEP MEAL AND HULLS.
Wo aro prepared to sell our oustomers Fertilizers of all kinds
and in any quantities.
We wish to emil your special attention to our
16 per cent. Petrified Dissolved Bone,
Manufactured from Tennessee Phosphate Rock, also our
Standard Blood Ammoniated Guano.
All of our goods run high in the different ingredients, which are selected
with care, and are of the best quality. Our principal source of Ammonia is
derived from Blood and Tankage.
. e are also prepared to tell you Cotton Seed Meal, Kainit and Acid
Phosphate for fertilizing purposes.
- Wo are importers of Gerninn Kainit, Muriate of Potash, Kitrate of Soda,
ft full stock of which we have on hand at all timet. We will make you a fair
I exchange of any of the shove named articles, also Meal and Hulls for feeding
1 purposes, for Cotton Seed at our various mill pointa. ^
Please call and see us and secure our prices before placing your orders.
^ Thanking you for your past liberal patronage and encouraging words of
praise for the high quality and excellence of our goods, and wishing you a
1 prosperous New Year, we remain, Yours truly,
_AMBEP.SQM PHOSPHATE AND GIL CO., Anderson. 8. C.
Vir ginia==C ar? lilia
CHARLESTON. S. C.
' ATLJiin/Ji, C .\.
Largest Manvifaclurcrs of
Fertilizers In the South.
Importers of . . .
Pure German Kainit,
v Muriate of Potash,
Nitrate of Soda,
Sulphate of Potash.
It is important in buying your fertilizers, not
only to buy goods ot established reputation and high
grade, but to buy where your wants of every
character can be supplie:!.
We are in position :
goods and in such (Juan ri tic
will pay you to see us !?eior;
Address Virginia* Cet rotin a Ctiemlcal Co.,
Charleston, S. C.
rnish all classes of
buyers desire. It
S:nd for Viip.lnU-C?tolln? Aimante,
free for the aakinc.
Attention, Farmers !
We have just received one Car Load of
Fancy Winter Grazing Oats.
Come quick and seen**? some cf them before thoy are
O. D. ANDERSON & BRO.
IAIA ilTITP? I-YOXJ to know that I am offering PIANOS, OR
WAN I t?! GANS and SEWING MACHINES AT
COST- I have in stock the very bcBt that money can buy. A limited
number of Standard Vibrator Sewing Machines for 821.00 each. Pianos
from $140.00 to 8260 00. Remember, this is Cash, and remember, also, that
it is COST. No such opportunity has been offered the people of Anderson.
You can save fifty per cent by taking advantage of this sale.
Come to see me it you are looking for the BEST.
K?9. L. W3LLB$9 Next door Peoples Bank.
tkmT* Some desirable Building Lots for sale. N
- AND OTHER SEEDS,
Orr-Gray & Co.
Acme Paint and Cernent Cure
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind. ,
For sale by- -
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B GRAYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.