Newspaper Page Text
j\lr. Watterson's Ve
lr*lace at Har
In reply to a speech in the United j
States Senate by Mr. Vest, of Mis- ,
souri, calling io question some state
ment made by Col. Watterson, thc
following article by Col. Watterson
appeared in tho Louisville-Courier
Journal on Sunday:
''Assuredly Mr. Lincoln indicated a
willingness on his part to enter into
some kind of obligation as the price
of the restoration of the 1'nion. Two .
months later, when by force (if arms,
(.?en. Lee was compelled to surrender
to (len. Grant, thc terms of this 'un
conditional surrender* were made most
generous, ls it stretching thc argu- '
mont to assume that, if Mr. Stephens
and his colleagues had been empow
ered to treat, Mr. Lincoln was not
prepared to go even further and to bc
even more generous?
"In the general conversation had
between Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward
on thc one hand and the Confederate .
commissioners on the other, Mr. Lin
coln iutimated that payment for the
slaves might enter into an agreement
for Union and peace. We quote the |
following from Mr. Stephens'? pub- (
" 'Ile went on to say that he would
be willing tobe taxed to remunerate
the Southern people for their slaves.
He believed thc people of thc North j
were as responsible for slavery as the
people of the South, and if the war
?". ?.uld then cease, with the voluntary
e' . lition of slavery by the States, he
. . lld be in favor, individually, of
%...?. government paying a fair indem
nity for tho loss of the owners. Ile
j-aid he believed this feeling had an
extensive existence at the North. Ile
knew some who were iu favor of an
appropriation as high as $400,000,000
for this purpose. 'I could mention
persons,' said he, 'whose names would
astonish you, who are willing to do
this if the war shall now cease with
out further expense and with the
abolition of slavery, as stated." But
on this subject, he said, he could give
no assurance-enter into no stipula
tion. Ile barely expressed his own
feelings and views, and what he be
lieved to be thc views of others upon
"Tho point is whether Mr. Lincoln
did or did not contemplate payment
for the slaves. In the foregoing ex
tract from Mr. Stephens it is plain
that he did. Hut the evidence does
uot rest there. Thc day after this
Fortress Monroe Conference, when
Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Sewurd had re
turned to "Washington, a Cabinet
meeting was held. At this Cabinet
?meeting Mr. Lincoln submitted in the
form of z. proposed message to Con
?i't'ss the two documents above re
ferred to. One was a joiut resolution
to bc passed by the two Houses of
Congress appropriating the $400,000,
000. The other was a proclamation,
to bc issued by himself as President
when tho joint resolution had been
passed by Congress.
"Here is the message, with the
" 'Fellow Citizens of the Senate aud
House of Representatives: I respect
fully recommend that a joint resolu
tion, substantially as follows, bc
adopted, so soon as practicable, by
your honorable bodies: Resolved, by
thc Senate and House of Representa
tives of the United States of America
in Conerrss assembled, That the Pres
ident of thc United State.-- is hereby
.empowered in his discretion to pay
$400,000,000 to the States of Ala
bama, Arkansas?, Delaware, Florida, .
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary '
land, Mississippi, Missouri, North
karolina, South Carolin*, Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia and West Virginia in
thc . anner and on the conditions fol
lowing, to-wit: The payment tobe
.made ir. ('. per cent Government bonds
and to be distributed among said
States pro rata on their respective '
slave populations, as shown by thc i
censu? rt 1800, a:?d no part of said
-..aiitito be paid unless all resistance to
the national authority shall be aban
doned and cease on or before April 1
next; and upon such abandonment and
ceasing of resistance one-half of said
sum to bc paid in manner'aforesaid
and thc remaining half to be paid only
upon the amendment of thc National
Constitution recently proposed by
Congress becoming valid Jaw on or be
fore July 1 next by the action thereon
of the requisite number of States.'
''Here is the proclamation:
'"''Whereas, a joint resolution has
been adopted by Congress, in thc
words following, to-wit: "Now, there
fore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President
of the United States, do proclaim, de
< clain and make known, that on the
iOon<*'?'ons therein stated the power
cconicii' d on the Executive in and by
aaid joLit resolution will bo fully ex
ercised; that war will cease and armies
bo reduced to a basis of peace; that
.all politic il oHeuccs will bc pardoned;
?rsion ol' What Took
that all property, except slaves, liable
to confiscation or forfeiture will be
released therefrom, except in cases of
intervening interesta of third parties;
and that liberality will be recommend
ed to Congress upon all points not
lying within Executive control.'
"These two documents stand to day
in Mr. Lincoln's own hand-writing.
They are living witnesses at least to
thc truth of his intention and thc
magnanimity of his character. That
was all that was meant to be provec? by
tho.su who originally gave them pub
"The Cabinet was opposed to .Mr.
Lincoln's plan. 'How long will thc
wa.- last?' he asked. 'A hundred
days? We are spending three or four
million dollars a day. There's the
money, not counting the lives. Hut
you are all against me and I will not
send the message.' Thereupon he
put the documents away with the fol
" 'February 5, lSlio.-To day these
papers, which explain themselves,
were drawn up and submitted to thc
Cabinet, and unanimously disap
proved by them.
"A. Lincoln.' "
FEDERAL PRISON FARE.
By I). I. Walden, or the Tenth Geor
During the month of September,
lSt?l, 1 was confined in the peniten
tiary at Nashville, Tenn., as a prisoucr
ol' war. I referred to this imprison
ment incidentally in a former article,
but made no attempt to describo our
miserable fare and thc incidents that
grew out of it. I had been severely
wounded, at the battle of the Wilder
ness, Ya., had come borne and was
spendiug the time of my convales
cence very pleasantly with my father'
family in Clayton County, Ga., when
.Sherman's army passed, en route from
Atlanta to Jonesboro and persuaded
me, by mcaus of such tangible argu
ments as guns, pistols, bayonets, etc.,
to forsake the comforts and happiness
of home for thc miseries and wrctch
. edncss of thc prison. They captured
; several hundred other Confederate
'? soldiers in and around Jonesboro, car
I ried us to Nashville and kept us pent
j up inside thc walls of thc penitentiary
: grounds. Wc suffered severely from
: hunger, thirst, exposure, filth and the
: annoyance of vermin. They pretend
'. cd to servo one meal each day and it
j consisted of a slice of bread, about
j four inches square by three-fourths of
I an inch thick and a slice of boiled ba
I con about one-fourth as large.
At meal time wc were marched very
slowly, iu double file, through an
opening in the ranks of a little squad
of Yankees, who doled out to us as wo
passed, our meagre allowance for the
day. There was very little of any
thing, connected with those proceed
ings, that seemed to deserve a word of
praise, but those little lunches were
certainly very palatable, the excel
lence of flavor being due, very large
ly, no doubt, to the keenness of ap
peti'C consequent upon our extreme
famishment. And when wc received
; our little portion we almost entirely
I lost our self-coutrol and devoured it
ravenously like so many wild beasts.
Shortly after our arrival I uudertook
to devise some kind of a scheme for
increasing my allowance, and for that
purpose took a position in thc line
near thc head of the column and was
among thc first to be served; then I
went around by a circuitous route,
tonk another position in thc line,
marched through again and received
another portion. 1 repeated that pro
cess for two or three days in succes
sion, and vu one occasion drew three
times, but when several other men
caught on to the trick, it was so ex
travagantly overworked that the Yan
kees detected it and summarily frus
trated it. About that time Mr. Jeff
Miller, a friend of mine, became to
sick he was unable to eat any cf bia
rat'' and as I happened to have
one of thc few blankets that tho place
contained, he proposed to trade me
his rations for the usc of my blanket,
and so I got two men's rations for
several days and slept on tho bare
ground, as many others were doing.
We were frequently visited by minis
tering angels, in tho form of women
and girls, with baskets of the most
delicious nourishments, and as they
were not permitted to enter the en
closure, they would stand on the out
side and throw the precious missiles,
piece by piece, over the prison walli
and thc copious showers of daint)
viands, falling among us, provokec
thc wildest and most exciting scram
bles, some of thc strongest and mos
active ones getting much moro thai
their share while others got scarcely
They .pretended to water us twice a
day, hy hauling in from the river on a
wagon, two or three barrels of water
which were left standing, at different
points in thc yard with tue top end
open, so that wo could dip it up, in
old rusty oyster cans and drink. They
brought iu perhaps not more than 100
gallons at a time, and as there were
nearly 2,000 men to drink wc got only
about one drink apiece, morning and
afternoon, and of course had none for
washing faces or hands, and the con*
stant dipping in of dirty hands for
drinks, would soon pollute the water
to a frothy blackness, resembling dye
The Yankees apologized for the
scarcity of food, with tho plea that
their supplies had been out off by
Confederate cavalry destroying the
railroads, but no satisfactory excuse
was oifcred for the scant supply of wa
ter. It was suggested by some of our
fellow prisoners, that perhaps the
Confederate cavalry had made a raid
upon thc Cumberland river above
town, and cutoff thc water. We were
situated very unfavorably for any kind
of amusements or pastime to while
away the dull mouotony of our misera
ble existence. We had no cards or
any other gaming apparatus and we
were too much crowded to admit of
games that required running, but
whenever any passing incident could
bc made to assume thc features of in
terest, wc drank it in with avidity.
Wc were frequently entertained with
free pugilistic exhibitions between
two red headed Atlanta boys, Capps
and Powell, who seemed from the first
they met, to hold a most bitter grudge
against each other, that provoked
them to many hostile combats. Their
weapons were generally uothing more
formidable than their baro fists, but
they sometimes used small stones and
pieces of scrap iron and at such times
their short, dark, red hair would take
on streaks of a deeper crimson hue
from the stains of blood. The com
batants were so evenly matched iu
size, courage, etc., that neither could
hold, nor was willing to yiold thc
championship. The victory alterna
ted from ono to the other, so evenly
as to inspire both with hopes of the
The sympathies of tho spectators on
tho opposite sides of the contest, be
came BO pronounced that two distinct
factions developed, a Capps faction
and a Powell faction, but the sympa
thizers never interfered with the con
tests further than to encourage and
applaud their respective heroes.-D.
I. Walden, in Atlanta Journal.
A Thoughtful Mother Says.
That if you waut your children to
bo courteous you must treat them
That they will invariably copy your
manners, so you must take care that
they are tho best.
That you should be as careful of
their feelings as you wish them to bo
of the feelings of others.
That when it is necessary to ad
minister reproof, it should be given
That most children are sensitive
on this point; it injures their self-re
spect, and they feel acutely, though
they are not able to express it ia
That to tell a child in public that
it has been rude or laoking in good
breeding is as unwarrantable as it
would bc to tell a guest so.
That it is no excuse to argue that
you are doing it for the purpose of
making thc child better and more
- - - ? m mm
- Perpetual motion seems to be a
success as a perpetual failure.
- An old bachelor says that mar
riage is merely a hitch and a kick.
When the doctor leaves and says the
case is hopeless, what remains to be
done? Nothing, if the doctor's word ia
final. Much, it you will listen to the
Statements of men and women who were
once " li o p e 1 c s s
cases " given up by
doctors, and who
were -jcrfectlj- and
by the use of Dr.
Nothing is more
sure than that
thousands of r-en
and women with
ciation and night
sweats, have been
restored to perfect
health by tue use
of the " Discov
ery." Will it cure
It has cured in
out of every hun
dred where it was given a fair and faith
ful trial. Hy that record you have only
two rLir.rc-. in a hundred ot failure and
ninety-eight chances of being restored
to perfect health. It is worth trying.
Abram Freer. Esq., of Rockhridge, Greene Co..
111., writes: "My wife'had n severe att.ick ot
pleurisy and lung trouble; ^he doctors gnve her
up to die. fine commenced taking Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery and she began to
improve from the first dose. By the time she
hail taken eiitht or ten bottles she was cured,
1 and lt was the cause of a large amount being
. sold herc. I think the 'Go'.Ocu Medical Dis
covery' ls the best medk!ac in the world for
f lutJR trouble."
j FR RE. Dr. Tierce's Common Sense
Medical Adviser containing over a tbou
" sand large pages i3 sent free on receipt
t of stamps to pay expense of mailing only.
Send 2i one-cent stamps for the book in
1 papeV covers, or 31 stamps for the clotb
7 bound volume. Address Dr. R. V. Tierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
Human Life the Payment.
Nations have been baptized in
human blood, and each foundation
stone of progress has crushed the life
out of some mortal. We daily read
thc story of deaths that come through
disease, death? that we call natural,
and then we read the startling ac
counts of deaths that come suddenly
and unexpectedly, to the well, strong,
vigorous and active mortals who are
busily engaged in the work of the
These latter emphasize the terrible
fact that overy human advance, every
evidence of progress, evory improve
ment that means a higher civilization,
every wonderful maohine, every great
engineering feat, overy towering build
ing and every work that has a form
stands as a monument to some life
that has gono out that it might exist.
Digging and delving among the dry
boues of statistics has resurrected
figures full of interest in showing the
value cf a human life, not spared to
disease and old age but taken in the
accomplishment of some work of hu
These figures show that through
fierce war each square mile of terri
tory gained or maintained by nations
of the earth has cost a human life.
Some have cost more, some less; but
taking tbe world over, since history
began, the records show a charge of
one untimely death against each 640
Each pair of church spires that
point toward the clouds stand for a
monument to a grave somewhere.
Since records of deaths by accident
have been kept they show that the life
oi one mortal has gone out with each
two churches reared. All buildings
have taken part in the same work. A
poorly constructed scaffold, an inse
cure fastening, a parting rope, a swing
ing timber, a loose board and scores
of other things that tell of human
fallibility have contributed to make
Men have burrowed in the ground
and dug their own graves-their first
temporary resting places, where they
were to lie in death-where a moment
before they were in active life. Every
five miles of tunnel blasted from the
rocks and dug from the earth requires
the lifo of one man.
We gather heat, light and power
from the sun-made ooal that was stor
ed for uc centuries ago, and each mil
lion and a half tons of it costs one
miner's life before it passes from its
ancient bcd to the surface of the
Since man has delighted in what is
bright and lasting, he has sought for
gold and made from it the great lever
that moves the world; but it has had
its price. Each $3,000,000 of gold
has asked foi a human sacrifice and
Since before the dawn of history,
ships have spread their winglike sails
and carried man from shore to shore,
and recently harnessed steam has
passed thurn in the race; but from the
time when shipwrecks wore first re
corded until to-day the ships have de
manded human tool, and at the end
of each 50,000 miles that each one
sails it drops a living soul into a
never-resurrecting sea, or oasts it
dead into thc arms of the shore.
Where boats would not do man has
suspended his bridges, and eaoh one
of these that spans navigable water
marks the spot where a man was
brought to his death through an acci
So on the steel highway, where,
through the energy of steam, we rush
with theospeed of the wind, the law
says that one life must be givon for
each 500,000 travelers, and the law is
Look where you will, these acci
dents confront you. Life with its
requirements pays its way with life.
I St. Louis Republic
A tremendous stock of these i
Just received ?nd more en rente to
farmer friends with the best that can
which to wage the warfare against c
afford to enter into this fight unless h<
We can fit you up with any Imp!
By availing yourself of this of si
work and not let it push you.
An aogel passed over the earth one j
morning, and meta little eVttd in a I
sunny field. "Little one," said he,
"do you love the Master?"
The child looked up with bright
eyes, and said, "Yes, I am one of his
"Then," said the angel "there is
work for you to do; go and do it."
"Yes, I will do it after a while,"
said the child; "it's only morning
now; the day will be so long, and T
do love to play."
And the child ran away after the
butterflies and Bowers. The angel,
on his way, murmured, "The day will
end, the night comes, and it will be
In a few years the child had grown
into a schoolboy. Tho angel visited
the earth again one morning, and
passing noar the school, found the
boy looked out, too late for school.
"My boy," said he, "the day is
passing, night will come, and your
work is not yet begun."
"Oh," lashed the boy, "there is
plenty of time; the sun was shining
so brightly, I could not stay shut up
in the schoolroom."
In a few more years the angel vis
ited thc earth for the last time. Ile
was passing down a hill one evening,
where ho overtook an old man lean
ing on his staff. Slowly he plodded
down the hill toward an open grave.
"My friend," said the angel, "have
you completed the life-work which
was yours to do?"
"Tho night is come," said the old
mau, "and my work is not yet begun;
the day seemed so long but now it is
too late." And he tottered into the
opon grave.-Michigan Christian Ad
Read it in his Paper.
George Scbaub, a well known Ger
I man citizen of New Lebanon. Ohio,
is a constant reader of the Dayton
Yolkszeitung. He knows that this
paper aims to advertise only the best
in its columns, and when he saw
Chamberlain's Pain Balm advertised
therein for lame back, he did not hesi
tate in buying a bottle of it for his
wife, who for eight weeks had suffered
with the most terrible pains in her
back and could get no relief. He says :
"After using the Pain Balm for a few
days my wife said to me, 'I feel as
though born anew, and before using
the entire contents of liza bnills the
unbearable p.ins had cu tire! y v?aish
ed and Bbc could again take up her
household duties. ' ' He is very thank
ful and hopos that all suffering like
wise will near of her wonderful re
covery. This valuable liniment is for
sale by Orr-Crray & Co.
- ? -i
- It is the little things of life that
prove the most trying. Bureau draw
ers that stick are sometimes more
difficult to endure than a serious
trouble. It is W3rth while to stop
^nd remember that to rub the offend
ing edges with a cake or hard soap, a
bit of stove-blacking, or even a soft
lead pencil, will make life worth liv
ing again. If thc windows of our
poorly built houses rattle at night ag
gravatingly in these spring winds a
few slips of folded newspaper will
Btop the noise and bring peace and
- A well known Judge ona Vir
ginia circuit was reoently reminded
very foroibly of his approaching bald
ness by one of his rural acquaintances.
"Jedge," drawled the farmer, "it
won't be so very long 'fo' you'll hev
to ?ie a string around yer head to tell
how fer up to wash yer face."
How to Avoid Trouble.
Now is the time to provide yourself
and family with a bottle of Chamber
lain's Colic. Cholera and Diarrhoea
Remedy. It is almost certain to be
needed before the summer is over, and
if prooured now may save you a trip
to town in the night or in your busiest
season. It is everywhere admitted to
bc the most successful medicine in
use for bowel complaints, both for
children and adults. No family can
afford to bc without it. For sale by
Orr-Gray & Co.
low in our warehouses.
I OF HOES
US. V/? mu prepared io furnish our
be found ia these Uailed States with
rab-grass. No progressive farmer can
? is fully prepared.
lement you need to thoroughly cultivate
r you will be in a position to push your
Tho Kind Toa Have Always Bought, and which fran hum,
in use for over 30 year?, has boma th* signature oe:
- and has been made under his pe*
f^Z^5K*5^7 sonal supervision since tte infancy,
y*vxf^X /<CMcA4K Allow ao one to deceive you in this.
Ali Counterfeits, Imitations and? Just-as-good'* are bot?
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment*
What ts CASTOR IA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing ?yrups. It is Pleasant? 16
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Nareutid
substance. Its age is its guarantee, it destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cur ?a Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend*
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of .
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THU CENTAUR OOH Mt NV. TT MURKAY fMTg MEW ?ORK CITY.
D. 8. VANDIVER.
J. J. MAJOR.
E. P. VANDIVER,
Yandi ver Bros. & Major.,
BUGGIES, SURRIES, PHAETONS, WAGONS,
Harness, Lap Robes, Whips, Etc.
ANDERSON, S. C., APRIL 9, 1902.
WE hi*VJ ib l.:i?-z and beautiful lins to select from and our PRICES
COME TO SEE US.
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
JUST A WORD
About Something that should
Interest You! !!!!!!
WE HAVE A FEW
SECOND HAND UPRIGHT PIANOS !
Some you would readily buy for new. BARGAINS THESE. A big line
of Squares for practice work ; you will find tbey fill the bill as well as a new
one. At from 819.00 up.
OUR ORGAN DEPARTMENT ia running over with good things. You
should eee them and get prices. A few special bargains if you come at once.
OUR SEWING MACHINE DEPARTMENT is by far the largest in the
State, and more Standard varieties are here to select from. Here are. bar
gains in second-hand Machines that you ought to pick up.
Come in when in town, and we will take pleasure in showing you through*
TEE C. A. REED MUSIC HOUSE.
Tv** -- '
A Well Jb'uraislicd Home
Is not necessarily an expensivelj
furnished one, as at TOLLY'S hand
some, even sumptuous, FURNITURE
is procurable without great outlay
not that we deal in knocked-together,
made-to-sell sort, but becauEe we are
content with a reasonable profit on
really good article* of Furniture
Our best witness is the Goods them?
G. F. TOLLY & SON,
The Old Reliable Furniture Dealers, Depot St., Anderson, 8. C.
A. C. STRICKLAND,
OFFICE-Front Rooms ever Farra
erg and Merchants Bank.
The opposite cut illustrates Ooa
tinuous Gum Teeth. The Ideal
Plate-more cleanly than the natu
ral teeth. No bad taste or breath
from Piaf? of this kind*
^^i^^^?*^?^^?^[^A^a A man thinks ?t i* when the matter of life
?0fer???V?$??i. :-"*y??5^?a?*^"ilin8urance euggeata itsolf--but circumstan
fe?firS?o^^^?^SK^u^K^^ 068 ?^ *ate nave BnDwn ?0 " **^c kanga by a
|^yP^^%^^i?|^^^W?fe^ thread when war, flood, hurricane and fire
^"isw^ '-^^j?M*wB^ suddenly overtakes you, and the only way
:-^>^^B?Si^^^w to ^e BUre *^*at y?ur family is protected in
^^^^^Sora^m 0880 ?^ ca*am*ty overtaking you is to in
^^'^^^^^?mal mimaWim 8Ure m a E0^ Company like
1^^^ The Mutual Benefit Life Ins. Go.
Drop in and see us about it
M. M. MATTISON,
Peoples7 Bank Building, ANDERSON S. C.