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From Petersburg to u
Dr. W. B. Conway
The saddest scenes witnessed by the
Confederate soldier during the civil
war were those enacted by him at the
surrender at Apponiattox Court
House, on the t*th of April, lHtl?.
That hour of humiliation?a little
haudful of men surrendered, what was
left of as peerless an army as ever
unfurled its banners. Those who had
shown the warmest love and alFeetion
for their Southland on many battle
fields for four long years with him
him who was heart-broken at the sad
result, that Christian gentleman and
soldier, Robert Y). Lee. J>?t wasting
no time in repining over a l"st cause
and ruined fortunes, they sadly wend
ed their way homeward, where they
have ever been foremost in repairing
the desolation ami ruin wrought by
the war. and by their determination
and perseverance in the affairs of our
oount'v evincing to the world that
they are not ashamed of what they
did, and, like true men, declaring that
they fought not for what they thought
wa> right, but for what they now
know was right. Now for the closing
scenes in Virginia, when tin: long de
fensive lines of Lee's army before
Richmond and Petersburg were
stretched until the tension w.i- too
great, allowing portions of Grant's
army to break through here and there.
It was on the Lid day of April that, a
part of Grant's army broke through
t'??-.-c lines some four or live miles
s< !? m jfcst of Petersburg, and in the
^cement which followed Lee lost
nut of his ablest lieutenant generals.
A. P. Hill. The battle raged for
hours along the line, and the Confed
erates fought in small masses with
d o o p g rate courage*
But Grant's numbers were too great,
and finally bis lines got into our rear
on the right. Riding back towards
Petersburg from this fight, General
Lee remarked to one of his aids:
"This is s sad business, Colonel,"
and soon after he added: "It has
happened as I told them at Richmond
it would happen." The shells were
bursting all about him from the Yan
kee batteries. Au eye witness writes
of the scene:
"lie turned his head over his right
shoulder, bis cheeks became flushed,
and a sudden flash of the eye showed
with what reluctance he retired be
fore the fire directed upon him."
No other course was left him, how
ever, and he continued to ride slowly
towards his inner lines, n low earth
works in the suburbs of the city,
"where a small force was drawn up,
still ardent, hopeful, defiant and salut
ing the shells now bursting above
them with oheers aud laughter. It
was plain that the fighting spirit of
his ragged troops * remained unbroken,
and the shout of welcome with which
they received him, indicated their un
wavering confidence in him despite
the untoward condition of affairs."
Sheridan's Cavalry on the 2Uth
March had reacLed Dunwiddle Court
House. To defend this well equipped
federal cavalry of 13,000 under Sheri
dan, Fitz Lee had only 5,000 men
mounted on poorly fed horses. On
Sunday night, April 2, ISGj, Lee
evacuated Petersburg, under the cover
of darkness, and fell back along both
banks of the Apponiattox to Amelia
Court House, on the line of the Rich
mond and Danville Railroad. Well's
command in front of Richmond was
called in, and fell back across the
James River towards Amelia C. H.
The cheerfulness of Lee's veterans
was weil illustrated in the beginning
of this their last march. "In excel
lent spirits probably from the highly
agreeable contrast of the budding
April woods with the squalid trenches,
and the longunfelt joy of an unfet
tered march through the fields of
spring. General Lee shared this
hopeful feeling; his expression was
aaiuatcd and bouyant, his teat in his
3addle erect and commanding, and he
seemed to look forward to a.iiured suc
cess in the critical movement which
he had now undertaken."
General Reubin Lindsay Walker, in
charge of the Third artillery corps,
was attacked by Custer's cavo.ry di
vision on the 8th, and according to
Custer's own report, succeeded in re
pulsing nearly all of his attacks, but
finally lost several of his pieces. TIub
was at Rice's Station and Farmville.
General Walker was under that splen
did man and clergyman, General Wil
liam Nelson Pendleton, of Virginia,
,>r whom it is said that at the battle of
Slanassas he paused a moment when
ordered to fire his pieces, and ex
claimed, "Lord have mercy on their
Bouls." Major Sturdivant's battery,
man i up of men mostly from Alber
mar.<; county, lost their guns at Deep
2 reel:, they made a fine record during
che war. After a conference with
Lieutenant Mo'es, a most excellent
man and citizen of Athens, Ga., the
following was obtained from him:
, in Atlanta .Journal
I Cartel's Battery, then commanded by
Lieutenant C. W. Motes, left Peters
burg with four guns on Sunday night,
April 2nd, 18b5, and travelled day
and night on parallel roads with 'lie
infantry. Sonic times the artillery
wa- intermixed here and there with
the wagon train to protect it. The
battery to protect the train, squads of
detached infantry were guards also.
Carltoo's battery, or (Troup Artillery)
halted ou Thursday night for rest to
mat) and horse. They then marched
, put Friday morning and halted again
on Saturday and had an engagement
with Sheridan's cavalry. losing one
piece; this was about two and one-half
uiib > southwest of Appomattoz Court
After the skirmish lliey moved out
and maiched all night, and on Sunday
morning, the iUli, they, together with
Galloway's battery, were parked near
a small stream in a clearing. Then
they cut down their pieces of artil
lery, the guns were buried about two
feet in the ground in the open field,
they having been ordered to disband
and to make their way home. The
ammunition was thrown into the |
stream nearby and the harness cut j
into pieces and scattered about the j
woods. The United States govern
ment has offered a reward for the
guns, but no one can locate them. May!
they never be resurrected ''re-iuies
cat in pace.'' Our cavalry was uudcr
Gen. Fitz Lee who was chief of the
cavalry corps of the army of Northern
Virginia. His division generals were
Bosser and W*. IL F, Leo. He com
j manded at Five Forks, and was order- !
ed to make an attack on the Ninth at
Appomattox, supporting General Gor
don, but became separated from the
J main body, and aftewards participated
I iu the final council of war.
My old brigade was under Brigadier
General T. T. Munford. General
Bosser commanded a division and
fought with honor ut F.vc Forks and
I High Bridge on the (>th, defeating and |
I capturing the entire command of Gen
1 eral Bead. He also captured on the
j 7th General Gregg and rescued a wagon
j traiu near Fariuvillo. General James
j Bearing, who commanded a brigade
[ under Leo and was mortally wounded
in a remarkable encounter with Briga
: dier General Bead, of the United
States anuy. The two generals met
j ou the 5th ft High Bridge on the Ap
: pomnttox at the head of their forces
j and a'duel *vith pistols ensued. Gen
I eral Bead was Instantly killed, but
! General Dcaring lingered for a few
I days after the surrender and died.
; Captain Morgan Strother, of my com
I pany. was made major of the regiment
j on the march, aud ut Deep Creek,
. after dark on the 5th, a line of battle
was formed aud as Lee was looking
for General Hcth's troops to meet us
ou that road, a Yankee column was
allowed to approach very nearly to us.
When Major Strother was ordired
forward on foot to ascertain who the
troops were, he walked into tliem and
was captured. The infantry, consist
ing of Lougstreet's, Gordon's and
Ewell's corps, marched on parallel
lines through the country and fought
back Grant's overwhelming numbers
when and wherever attacked.
In conversation w. tb Major B., of
our city, a few days ago ho informed
me that he was in command of the
Savannah Volunteer Guards and had
fought it to a frazzle. He was iu the
retreat from Petersburg and when
reaching Sailor's Creek the Yankees
surrounded his command composed
then of only 85 men. The major
quietly ordered his men to arms and
led them in person in tbe most des
perate charge. The valor tt.ad courage
which characterized this command
throughout the war was shown with
the usual determination to conquer in
this their last charge in defense of
their beloved Southland. Out of 85
men 62 per cent were killed orxwound
ed. The major stood his ground with
unfaltering courage. After firing his
last shot from his pistol into the faces
of the enemy who were in ten steps of
him, a shot from one of them smashed
his pistol in pieces while 'o his hand
and the fragments tearing the hand in
several places. Gen. Wilcox's di
vision, composed of Lane's North
Carolina brigade. McGowan's South
Carolina brigade, and Scales' North
Carolina brigade, made a desperate
attempt to force their way to Lyuch
burg, Ya., in the final charge at Ap
pomattox. Gen. Ewell's corps being
overwhelmed at Sailor's Creek surren
dered to the federals. Kershaw and
Custis Lee with their brigades were
General Clement A. Evans, of Geor
gia, was fighting with his division
: almost daily, and in the final attack
at Appomattox, he led it into action,
i being engaged in fact at the moment
! of the surrender. General Evans was
a gallant officer, and was wounded five
times during the war. General John
U. Gordon fought vfith stubbornness
aud courage in guarding the retreat
from Petersburg. He was placed in
commaud of one-half of Lee'" army at
Apponiattox Court House and intend
ed to cut through Grant's lines had
not Lee surrendered. In Generai D.
H. Lee's official report he designated
General Gordon as "the Chevalier
Hayard of the Confederate Army."
Lee could no longer stand by and see
his brave veterans sacrificing their
lives for what he knew was a lost
cause. Not that he had less confi
dence in his men nor they in him, for
they would have williogly died to
gether for the South's independence.
On the morning of the 7th General
Grant sent the following letter to
"General R. K. Lee?General: The
result of the last week must convince
you of the hopelessness of further re
sistance on the part of the army of
Northern Virginia, in this struggle.
I feel that it is so, and regard it as
my duty to shift from myself the re
sponsibility of any further effusion of
blood, by asking of you the surrender
of that portion of the Confederate
States army known :-.s the army of
U. .S. Girant, (Jen."
On the morning of the 8th Grant
received the fullowiug reply from Lee,
"Lieutenant General I*. S.'Grant?
General: "I have received your note
of this date. Though not entertain
ing the opinion you express of the
hopelessness of further resistance on
the part of the army of Northern Vir
ginia, I reciprocate your desire to
avoid useless effusion of blood, and
therefore before considering your
proposition, ask the terms you will
offer on condition of its surrender.
lt. E. Lee, General."
To this Graut sent the following
"General 11. E. Lee?General: Your
note of last evening in reply to mine
of the same date, asking the condition
on which Ijwill accept the surrender
of the army of Northern Virginia, is
just received. In reply I would say
that, peace being my great desire,
there is but one condition I would in
sist upon, namely, that the men and
officers surrendered shall be disquali
fied for taking up arms again against
the government of the United States
until properly exchanged. I will
meet you, or will designate officers to
meet any officers you may name for
the same purpose, at any point agreea
ble to you for the purpjse of arrang
ing definitely the terms upon the sur
render of the army of Northern Vir
ginia will be received.
' U. S. Grant."
About midnight of the 8th Graut
received the following from General
"Lieutenant General U. S. tirant?
Gcueral: I received at a late hour
your note of to-day. In mine of yes
terday I did not intend to propose the
surrender of the army of Northern
Virginia, but to ask the terms of your
proposition. To be frank I do not
think that the emergency has arisen
to call for the surrender of this army,
but as the restoration of peace should
be the sole object of all I desired to
know whether your proposals would
lead to thai end. I cannot, therefore,
meet you with a view to surrender the
armyof Northern Virginia, but as far
as your proposal may affect the Con
federate States' forces under my com
mand, and tend to the restoration of
peace, I should be pleased to meet you
at 10 a. m. to-morrow on the old stage
road to Richmond between the picket
lines of the two armies.
11. E. Lee, General."
On tho morning of the 9th, when
Lee found that there was no use of
making further resistance, he said,
with emotion, "There is nothing left
but to go to General Grant, and I
would rather die a thousand deaths."
Then, after a pause, he added,
"How easily I could get rid of this
and be at rest. I have only to ride
along the line and all will be over.
But it is our duty to live. What will
become of the women and ohildren of
tho South if we are not here to pro
tect them?" He thou received the
following note, of the 9th, frcm Gen
"General R. E. Lee?General: Your
note of yesterday is received. As I
have no authority to treat on the sub
ject of peace the meeting proposed fer
10 a. m. to-day could lead to no good.
I will state, however, General, that I
am equally anxious for peaco with
yourself, and tho whole North enter
tain the same feeling. The terms
upon which peace oan be had aro well
understood. By the South laying
down their arms they will hasten that
most desired event, save thousands of
human lives, and hundreds of millions
of property not yet destroyed. Sin
cerely hoping that all our difficulties
may be settled without tho loss of
another life, I subscribe myself,
U. S. Grant, Lieut. Gsn."
On Sunday morning, April 9, just
as Lee's advance was making a des
perate charge, a fl*? of truce was sent
from the Confederate lincB requesting
a suspension of hostilities, and Lee at
this juncture addressed the following
note to Grant:
"Lieutenant General U. S. Grant'?
General: I received your note of this
morning on the picket line, whither I
hc.C come to meet yon and ascertain
definitely what terms were embraced
in your proposal of yesterday with
reference to the surrender of this
army. I now ask an interview in ac
cordance with the offer contained in
your letter of yesterday for ihatr pur
pose. R. B. Lee, General."
After this note was sent, General
Lee*cxchanged his old uniform for a
new one, and rode to Appomattox
Court House, where he met General
Grant at the McLean house, and after
a brief but courteous interview the
terms of the surrender were agreed
upon. The courtesy of General Grant
on this occasion could not have been
surpassed. According to Loo's ord
nance officers' report, he had only
about 7,802 organized infantry, about
2,100 cavalry, and 03 pieces of artil
lery, confronting Grant's mighty host
The feeling of sadness which filled
the hearts of every old soldier at Ap
pomattox was not altogether on ac
count of the fact that all was lost;
but that they were lru /ing behind
them the dust of brothers and com
rades who had welcomed death rather
than dishonor. Yes, the soil of old
Virginia is made more sacred by the
thousands of honored warriors buried
among her hills and valleys. And
may the day never come when their
memories will be forgotten. No place
on earth is so dear to her people as
that which contains the graces of her
"Gather the sacred dust
< )f tho warriors tried and true,
Who bore the Mag of a nation's trust
Aud fell in a cause, though lost, still
And died for me aud you.1'
- mm ?
Hoy Plunges Into Talullah Chasm.
Talullah Falls, Ga., June 20.?
Edward Lyndon, of Athens, the son of
A. J. Lyndon, stepped off "The Dev
il's Pulpit" while viewing Talullah
Falls by moonlight early Sunday
morning and plunged one hundred
feet to the jagged rocks below. Nota
bone in his body was broken and his
complete recovery is expected.
The gorgeous view of the falls by
moonlight attracted many visitors to
the edge of the precipices last week.
Young Lyndon heard of the magnifi
cent spectacle and resolved to see it.
It was after midnight Saturday when
the full moon rose high enough in the
heavens for the light to reach che
surging waters of the Talullah as they
tumble over the ledge and roar down
intolthe dark chasm below. Lyndon,
who had been sitting up for this event,
started out alone about midnight from
Reaching the vioinity of the falls,
he chose a path leading to "Devil's
Pulpit," which overhangs a chasm so
deep that few can look down into it
without a sensation of dizziness. Ho
went too near the ledge and stepped
off in the dark when he reached the
"Pulpit." Hoadlong into the black
chasm he plunged, turning over and
: over in the descent.
' Seventy feet below the ledge a tree
I jutted out of the chasm wall. Lyndon
clutched at it as his body crashed into
its foliage. He grasped a bough, but
the tree came up by the roots and
again he found himself diving Head
long dowu, down toward the jagty i
rooks below. The fall into the tree
had slackened Iiis speed of descent so
that he struck on the rooks, with re
duced momentum. He was stunned,
of course, and lay as one dead when
he landed at the bottom of the chasm.
A party viewing the falls from an
other point heard a wild cry and a
crash, but they did not dream the
noise oame from one falling over the
precipice. They were the only par
ties in the vioinity at that hour and
when they left the falls young Lyn
don had only the thundering cataraot
and the towering walls of the chasm
for company when he regained con
sciousness some time later.
He began to ory out for help, but
not a human being was within range
of his voioe.
After daylight his friends missed
him and began a search whioh led up
to the ledge from whioh he had tum
bled. Here they heard him faintly
calling. A rope was secured and let
down to him. This he fasted to his
body and they drew him up.
Dr. P. N de Duboeay was in the
rescuing party and he made an exami
nation of the young man's injurie?
He was astonished to find that only a
few severe bruises and no broken
bones were evident. He said inter
nal injuries may develop, but has
hopes for the young man's recovery
Summer complaint is unusually pre
valent among children this season. A
well developed caso in the writer's
family was cured last week by the
timely use of Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera u?d Diarrhoea Remedy?me
of the best latent medicines manufac
tured and whioh is always kept on
hand at the home of ye scribe. This
is not intended as a free puff for the
company, who do not advertise with
us, but to benefit little sufferers who
may not be within easy access of a
physician. No family should be with
out a bottle of this mcdioine in the
house, especially iu summer time.?
Lansing. Iowa, Journal. For sale by
Orr-Gray & Co.
Points as to the Defunct.
Many Maine people who live in a
certain part of Cumberlend County
will well remember one "Abner"
?so he wac always called in his
Abner was commonly selected to
take charge of funerals, because he
was about the only man in town who
had time hanging on hia hands. A
citizen died, a man who never amount
ed to much, who was never positively
wicked, becaues that would have re
quired more of an effort than he was ,
willing to make. He was, however,
far enough from being a good citizen, '
and Abcer knew it so well as anybody
Abner was requested to ask a cer
tain minister to conduct the services,
and he hitched up his old horse and
drove to his house. The minister
said he would attend, and then tried
to get a little information concerning
the late lamented.
**V.rhat sort of a man was he?" he
"Well^ about the same as no sort of
a man at all," responded Abner frank
"I suppose his loss will be deeply
felt in the community?" said the min
"They're ai! bearing up well under
it," said Abner slowly.
"Was ht a Christian?" asked the
"If he'd been accused of it, the
verdict would have been not guilty,
and the jury wouldn't have left their
seats," replied Abner.
"Did he attend church?" asked the
"I never heard of his doing it,"
"How did he die?" continued the
"Just the same as he lived?3ort of
naturally," said Abner.
"I don't see how I'm to preach much
of a sermon under such circumstances"
said the minister.
The minister pocketed his wrath
and a ?5 bill and after the funeral the
satisfied Abner said, "Well, v?c get
just v?hat we wanted, b'gosh!"?
Lewiston, Me., Journal.
- m?o ? -
? The pastor of a Methodist church
in Chicago has hit on a plan for bring
ing the mothers of babes to his Sun
day morning service. He has estab
lished a nursery in one of the rooms
of the church where the youngest
babies can be cared for and where
the older toddlers can be enter
tained at a Sunday school kindergar
-- It is always cowardly to speak ill
of a mau behind his back and it is
often dangerous to say it to his face.
Out ol Plumb.
When the wall is out of plumb the
building is more or less unsafe, and the
higher the wall is carried out of the per
?>endicular the greater the danger of col
apse. It's about so with the health ; it
is out of plumb when the digestion is
there is a dull,
Every day that
are neglected in
creases the liabil
ity to p h j'si cal
I diseases of the
stomach and other
; organs of diges
! tion and nutrition.
I It purifies the blood and cures nervous*
n'ess, irritability and sleeplessness by
curing the diseases in which . they
' "For three vears I suffered untold nfony,*?
writes Mrs. H.H. White, of Stanstead. Stanstead
Co., Quebec. " I would have spells of trembling
and being sick at ray stomach, pain in right side
all the time ; then it would work up into my
stomach and?such distress it is impossible to
describe. I wrote to the World'? Wsptotary
Medical association, stating my case to them,
and they very promptly answered and told jac
what to do. 1 took eight bottles of Dr. Merce'3
Golden Mctical Discovery, and five vials of
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. ' Thanks to Dr.
Pierce and his medicine I am a well woman
today. Dr. Pierce's medicines also cured my I
mother of liver complaint frotu which she has
been a suiae.tr for fifteen years. We highly
recommend these medicines to all suffering
The People's Common Sftaas Medical
Adviser, a book containing 1008 pages,
is given away. Send 21 one-cent stamps
for expense of meiling only, for the book
in paper covers, or 31 stamps for the
volume bound in doth. Address Dr.
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. V.
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