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gtory of the ^rrvnsfer
In accordance with the policy of the
rnitc-'l States in dealing with the In
--s, and in pursuanoejof treaty otin
lations entered into 'with a small
ment of the tribe, it was - deter
mined by the General Government in
1?3S to remove the Cherokees from
the lands occupied by them in Geor
Alabama, North Carolina and
nnessee. Lands west of the Miss
issippi, within the boundaries of the
present Indian Territory, had been
set aside for them, and a considera
ble number of their brethren had vol
untarily migrated to the wild new
country in response to inducements,
held out to them by the treaty of ,1817.
On April 10, 1838, Gen. Winfield
Scott was commissioned to proceed to
the Cherokee country and put in mo
tion the whole tribe, amounting to
more than 15,000 persons, towards the
new reservation west of the Mississip
pi, - peaceably if he could, forcibly if
la 1S02 Georgia had obtained from
the 1'nitcd States an agreement to ex
tinguish, as soon as it could be done
treaty stipulation, the title to all
Indian lands held within the State;
d from 1785 seventeen separate
treaties had been concluded, thirteen
of which followed the agreement with
Georgia and provided for the cession
of tribal lands. Georgia professed an.
utter inability ever to assimilate a
body of Indians, declaring that she
would never rest until they 'had been
Bent out of her boundaries. It was
this hostility that spurred the Gen
eral Government to hasten the re
In spite of Georgia's olaim an agent
of the war department, as early as
1S25, reported, after an extended tour
in the Cherokee country, that num
berless herds of cattle grazed upon !
their extensive plains; horses were
numerous, many and extensive flocks
of sheep, goats and swine covered the
hills and valleys; the climate was
healthy and delioious, and the winters
were mild; the soil of the valleys.and
plains was rich and produced corn,
tobacco, cotton, wheat, oats, indigo
and potatoes; considerable trade was
carried on with the neighbour g States,
much cotton being exported in boats
of their own to New .Orleans; apple
and peach orchards were quite com
mon: much attention was paid to the
cultivation of gardens; butter and
cheese of their own manufacture were
seen upon many of their tables; public
roads were numerous in the nation and
supplied at convenient distances with
houses of entertainment kept by the
natives; many and flourishing villages
dotted the country; ootton and wool
cloths were manufactured by the wo
meu, and home-made blankets W6re
very common; almost every family
grew sufficient cotton for its own con
sumption: industry and commercial
enterprises were entending themselves
throughout the nation; nearly all of
the merchants were ' Cherokees; the
Ipopul.uiou was rapidly increasing, a
[census just taken showing 13,563 na
tivo eitizeus, 147 white men and. 73
fhitc women who hadintermarried with
phe Cherokees, and 1,277 slaves;
schools were increasing every year,
ind indolence was strongly disoountc
lanced; tho nation had no debt and
[he revenue was in a flourishing con
"tinn: a printing press was soon to be
?stablished, where their own and the
English language was ,to appear Suie
t>y side in newspapers and books; and
national library and museum were
m contemplation. These were the
people whom Georgia held in con
fempt and this the Arcadia General
icott was sent in 1838 to'destroy.
I'rudently Scott stationed his forces
-a regiment of artillery, one of infan
By, >-ix companies of dragoons, and
1,000 volunteers from Georgia and
fetuicssee?in the passes of Smoky
loiintains, occupying every available
fastness and point of -strategio advan
ce. Then he sent aut an address to
P>e Indians, advising them to come
Voluntarily into osmp at Ross's or
hunter's Landing on the Hiwassee
?ver. In part he wrote:
"Cherokees: The President of the
ed Spates his sent me with a
powerful army to cause you in obe
Henoe to the treaty of 1835, to join
hat part of your people wh 3 are al
eady established in prosperity on the
?Iber aide of the Mississippi. Un
laPpily, t?ie two years which were sl
owed for the purpose you have Buffer
i(j to pass away without following and
"thout making any preparation to
ollow, and now ' * * * the migra
l?o must be commenced in haste, but.
hope, without disorder. * * *
The fui] mo?n of May, is already on
|hc wane, and before another shall
live passed away every Cherokee
?n, woman .and child * *
Post be in motion to join their broth
|a in tho .to Wast.
of ?5,OO? Indians to
been present at many a scene of
slaughter," Gen. Scott added feeling
ly, "but spare ine, I beseech you, th?
horror of witnessing the destruction of
-Ross enrolled for removal in Octo
ber the names of 13,149 persons.
Capt. Stevenson, the agent who re
ceived them on their arrival West,
accounted for 11,504, and the disburs
ing officer, Capt. Page, paid Riss for
the removal of 11,721. That is the
brief story of their losses. Two hun
dred went down with the sinking of
the riokety old steamer in the Missis
sippi; the rest of that list of 1,428 un
I acoounted for cither died on the road,
were lost in accidental upsett?ngs of
boats, or deserted to make tl .c way
back to their old homes in the Geor
gia hills and in the mountains of Ten
Immediately upon the ai rival of the
Eastern Gherokees in the Indian Ter
ritory violent quarrels broke out be
tween the two sections of the tribe.
I Three leaders of the treaty party?
Major Ridge, John Ridge and Boudi
not?who had moved West two years
before, were murdered by the Ross
faction, and it required all the influ
ence that Ross and the more level
headed loaders could command to ef
fect a formal unification of the Eas
tern and Western Cherokees in 1839
Peace finally settled upon the na
tico and the progress towards the
higher civilization resumed. Then
the oival war came on to devastate
their country and set them back an
other ten years in the race. But tne
power to recuperate, the habit of in
dustry, enabled them to meet even
this catastrophe with a certain philos
phical calm. They have brought
their country up to a high state of
cultivation; they have developed anew
schools, ohurohes and p-inting presses;
they have encouraged industries to
such an extent that the traveler to
day will be puzzled to know where
the Kansas, Missouri or Arkansas
boundaries cease and the Cherokee
The General Government now con
siders the tribe fit for citizenship.
The long series of negotiations, during
which the Cherokees have, by various
treaties, ceded 81,000,000 acres of land
to the United States, and retain of
their Western reservation but 5,400,
000 acress, will soon be couoiuded for
ever. Indian Territory is quite ready
and fit fc? Statehood. The 35,000
Cherokee oitizens recognize the im
practicability of maintaining longer a
separate government, and are seeking
now only to obtain a wise and just
basis for settling their long last ao
count with the'r Great Father at
Washington.?John M. Oskison in
N. Y. Post. ;
mm m -
Cures Blood ^Poison, Cancer? Ulcers,
Eczema, Carbuncles, Etc. Medicine
If you have offensive pimples or
eruptions, ulcers on any part of the
body, aching bones or joints, falling
hair, mucous patches, swollen glands,
skin itches and burns, sore lips or
gums, eating, festive sores, sharp,
gnawing pains, then you suffer from
serious blood poison or the beginings
of deadly cancer. You may be per
manently cured lby taking Botanic
Blood Balm (B. B. B.) made especial
ly to cure the worst blood and sk'ix.
diseases. It kills the poison in the
blood thereby giving a healthy blood
supply to the affected parts, heals
every sore or ulcer, even deadly can
cer, stops all aches and pains and re
duces all swellings. Botanic Blood
Balm cures all malignant blood trou
bles, such as ulcers, eczema, scrofula,
Blood Poison, cancer, eating
sores, itching skin, > pimples, boils,
bone pains, swellings, rheumatism,
etc. Especially advised for all obsti
nate cases that have reaohed the sec
ond or third stage. Costs $1 per
large bottle at drug stores. To prove
it cures, sample of Blood Balm sent,
free by writing Blood Balm Co., At
lanta Ga. Describe trouble and free
medical advice sent in sealed letter.
??TThis is an honest offer?medicine
sent at once, prepaid? Sold in Au
derson by Orr-Gray Drug Co., Wil
hite & Wilhite, and Evans Pharmacy.
? A Bohemian couple holds the
record for procrastination. Franz
Roser, 100 years of age, was married
on his death bed to Anna Renner,
aged nioety-three at Oberpolits. The
groom died two days later. The two
had been in love for seventy-five years,
but had kept putting of the wedding
day. __ _
The Same Old Story.
J. A. Kelly relates an experience
similar to that which has happened in
almost eery neighborhood in the Uni
ted States and has been told and re
told by thousands of others. He says:
"Last summer I had an attack of dy
sentery and purchased a bottle of
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera, and
Diarrhoea Remedy,' whioh' I used ac
cording to directions and with entire"
ly satisfactory results. The trouble
was controlled much quicker than for
merattack* when I use? other reme
dies" Mr. Kelly is a wall known
a' good man for the position.
The following is eoodonsed and ex
tracted from a IetUr in the Barnwtll
Sentinel sigsed "Democrat:"
Among the candidates for tho Unit
ed States senate there is no one who
has euch high claims upon the State
us Cel. William Elliott. His career
began with the war, and he was never
abaoat but onee itom bis post, and
lieoause incapacitated from duty.
In 1884 he was chosen as tho Demo
cratic candid, ue for congress in the
"Black District" to redeem the lower
section of the State from negro rule,
and after 18 years of constant fighting
he has redeemed it. During his ser
vice in congress he has fought persis
tently to get for his district and State
a fair share of publie appropriations,.
and the money be has brought to his
district from the national treasury
amounts to many millions oi dollars;
and all of it for purposes most benefi
cial to the people.
He was appointed at the opening of
the war on Gov. Piokens' staff, and
worked on the fortifications on the
coast, took part ia the attack on Fort
Sum?T, and entered with the Iron
Glad battery the night of the capture.
Joined Kershaw's regiment, wlih the
Brooks guards, as lieutenant, and
took part in the First Battle of Ma
nassas, the campaign on'the peninsu
lar, Seven, Days Fi.^ht, Second Ma
nasBas, and Sharpsburg, and was made
captain and sent as assistant adjutant
general to Gen. Stephen D. Lee of
South Carolina; was in Vioksburg dur
ing the siege, in the battle of Baker's
Creek, and was promoted major for
gallantry; was assistant adjutant gen
eral of the department of Alabama,
Mississippi and East Louisiana; was
in the battles of Harrisburg, 28th
July, and Jonesboro around Atlanta.
Went with Hood into Tennessee, and
was in the fight at Florenco, Ala., and
the battle of Franklin and Nashville.
Was transferred to North Carolina
and was in the battles of Kinston and
Bentouville. He was also in. numer
ous other fights and skirmishes. This
is a record which speaks for itself.
' FIGHTING THE NEGRO
From 1876 to 1884 Qpl. Elliott was
con sty chairman of Beaufort county.
In 1884 it besame necessary to make
a fight in the Seventh congressional
district against the negroes. The
Democratic candidate had to be pop
ular, fearless and a constant fighter.
William Elliott was chosen, made a
most aggressive campaign, but was de
feated. In 1886 he was again opposed
in the election to Robert Smalls, and
Col. Elliott was elected. Rioting oc
curred constantly -in the elections and
the precinct managers at Hilton Head
and St. Helena were mobbed by the
negroes, who had become most inso
lent. Smalls contested the election.
This meant that testimony as to the
fairness of the election had to be
taken during three months in every
county of the district at the same time.
Then printed arguments, compiled
from the 1,000 or more printed pages
of testimony, had to be filed with the
committee of elections, then argued
before them, and finally fought out on
the floor of the house. Colonel El
liott won the contest.
From then to the present time he
has had the following fights with negro
candidates, in each instance a content
ed election following the election:
In 1888 and 1890 with Tom Miller, ih
the latter case Miller was seated by
Beed's congress; in 1894, 1896 and
1898 with George W*. Murray, in the
first of which contests, Murray was
seated, and Col. Elliott unseated, and
in 1S0Q with Be ckott, a negro preacher.
Thus, after eighteen years of relent
less, laborious and expensive fight
ing, Colonel Elliott reclaimed the dis
trict composed of the coast counties.
from negro rule, and now has an un
contested seat in Congress for the
Col. Elliott is today a poorer man
than he was in 1884.
HIS WORK IN CONGRESS.
It is an axiom in congress that a
man with a contest can accomplish
little for his district. Yet, despite 16
years of contested elections, what
Colonel Elliott has accomplished for
his district and State equals the work
of any i/iember of congress in the
I mention but some of his larger
works of a material kind: "He had
passed the amendment to the direct
tax refunding act, appropriating $300,
000 to. reimburse . the people of Beau
fort for a part of their losses under
the direct tax act of congress passed
during the war. In order that the
money should not be wasted in exor
bitant fees he volunteered to do, and
did, all the legal work necessary to
secure the same from the treasury,
taking all the testimony thereby sav
ing his people thousands of, dollars in
He procured an appropriation of
$500,000 to build, a dry dock at Port
Royal, and has assisted in procuring
hundreds of thousands of dollars in
improving th? pln.CC.
He obtaine 1 appropriations of about
$2,500,000 to deepen the bar of Win
y alt Bay, thereby affording an outlet to
the ocean to the following rivers:
Waccamaw. Lumber, Great Pee Dee,
Little Pee Dee, Clark, Lynch, Micgo,
Black, Wateree, Congarce, Santce
and the Sampit, and has gotten nu
merous appropriations for these rivers.
He had established in Charleston a
nflv light house depot at a cost of
$35,000; had the first garrison order
ed to Charleston; was most aotive in
getting the appropriation for building
fine quarters on Sullivac's island; pro
cured $40,000 for a public building at
Georgetown, and secured from a hos
tile house $90,000 for the Charleston
exposition, and at varions times ho
has procured over $300,000 of appro
priations for Charleston harbor, and
after years of ,work, $30,000 to im
prove inland navigation between Beau
fort and Charleston, and helped to
obtain $50,000 to improve the inland
route north of Charleston.
FIRST TKGST FIGHTER.
Colonel Elliott was the first mac in
public lire in this State to advise the
farmers to combine against tho cotton
bagging/ truBt, a movement which
finally-resulted in the defeat of that
He. ?: a prominent member of
important and influential committees ;
of the house. 1
If Colonel Elliott is sent to the sen
ate the State. of South Carolina will
have a senator whose life is without, a
blemish, whose political record of 20
odd years is unspottsd, whose service
in war was long and conspicuous, and,
abve all, a seasoned and well-trained
legislator, whose accumulated experi
ence of 16 years in congress will be an
asset to the State which it would take
years for a new man to acquire.
Above all he is a man whose honor,
character and reputation are above re
Water Required in Irrigation.
Faots of interest in connection with
the amount of later used in Western
irrigation are furnished by a descrip
tion of the Vernal ^Valley irrigating
system of Northeastern Utah, now in
preparation for one of the reports of
the United States, Geological Survey.
The Vernal Valley is a fertile region,
approximately 20 miles long by three
miles wido; its boundaries being sharp
ly defined by the surrounding foot
hills. The soil is a sandy loam and
the principal crops are alfalfa and
oats. Like many other seqtiona df
the West, the mean annual precipita
tion in the Vernal Valley is small, be
ing only a little over 9 inches, an
amoUnt entirely insufficient for agri
cultural purposes; furthermore, the
annual snowfall is light and there is
no well-defined rainy season. Hence
without the use of water, the land is
practically worthless for cultivation,
its value being placed at $1.25 per
acre. With the construction of irri
gating ditches, however, and with the
assurance of a good water supply, the
same land at once increases in value
to $30 an acve.
According to the Twelfth census,
25,000 acres of the Vernal Valley are
under ditch, 17,471 acres of which
were being cultivated in 1900 by
means of irrigation, the population
numbering 6,000. All the water
which is diverted for use upon the
land is taken from Ashley creek, a
tributary of the Green river. From
this stream there are three main can
als, besides a number of smaller ones,
each drawing a specified amount of
water wuich bas been allotted by
Measurements have been made at
various tr|aes by -the hydro?rapher.s of
the Uniio% StateVGeological Survey,
of the amoupt of water appropriated
by the canals and used upon the
? No person in Russia is allowed
to marry more than five times, and no
person over eighty is permitted to
? A fox terrier can discount phi
losophy and a cow with her cud knows
more content than is in the bosom of
I bequeath to my children Sei
attendant horrors, humiliation and si
strange legacy to leave to posterity ;
place upon the shoulders of the you
This treacherous disease dwarfs 11
the growth and development of the
child born of blood poison, or scrofule
is poorly equipped for life's duties.
Scrofula is a disease with nui
symptoms ;. enlarged elands or turn
and armpits, catarrh of the head, wea
skin eruptions upon different parts oi
presence of tubercular or scrofulous ;
> and stealthy disease entrenches itselJ
the bones and tissues, destroys the re<
I white swelling, a pallid, wa^ry appear
[a gradual wasting away of the body.
S. S. S. combines both purifying
teed entirely v<
all scrofulous i
blood, makes i
the digestion ,
lost properties to the blood and quick
color to the skin and vigor to the wea
Write us about your case and our
help you in every possible way to reg
skin diseases free. THE swir
"MAKE HAT WHILE
It is very easy to make Hay \*
? DEERING MC
THE many advantages the Dee:
work it with much more ease than an\
ing around stumps and trees. This M
is at no trouble in lowering and raisinj
trees. With no eifert scarcely he brin
without stopping the Machine. There
ing Ideal Mower has that we will show
Pitman Rod of this Mower has only
have from ten to twenty-five pieces to \
The Mower is not all in looking u
good Rake, and the Deering Rake is
comparison of our Rake with other mi
the Rake he needs. The devices for di
can operate it without any assistance,
show you our Mower and Rake and be
Now is the time to sow your stub!
with one of our TORRENT HARRO
We are still headquarters for all ]
A. Bod Headed Angel.
Congressman Albert J. Hopkins, I
who is a leading candidate for tho seat '
in the United States Senate now held '
by William E. Mason, entered the
House of Representatives more than
fifteen years ago with a determination
to do something which would win the
approval of his constituents beforo !
the first session was over. But weeks
j dragged into months before he was
! able to see his opportunity. This
came in the form of a request from
Aurora, his home city, that he sec if
I two islands in the Fox River could be
j purchased from the Government ai a
I site for the erection of municipal
At once the young Congressman
prepared a bill, ceding the islands to
the city of Aurora. Day after day ho
joined the group in front of Speaker
Carlisle's desk and clamored for the
recognition of the presiding officer.
But all in vain. Tho Speaker could
see the older members about the young
statesman from Illinois, but never re
cognizing him. One day, however,
the brilliant ''Sunset Cox" was called
to preside over the House while Mr.
Carlisle was absent for a week. This
gave Mr. Hopkins new hope, lie
haunted the group to which Mr. Cox
told his inimitable stories and not an
other auditor laughed so heartily as
he. After one of these stories had
been heard and applauded, Mr. Hop
"Mr. Cox, could I get recognition
tomorrow, so that my bill could be put
through by consent?"
" 'Bless your read head!" exclaimed
the temporary Speaker, "of course
you can. Every time I see that hair
of yours I think of a certain red-head
ed girl I knew years ago, and I'll give
you a ohaoco for her sake?no matter
where you are.' "
Next day Mi. Hopkins was missing
from the group. He arose in his own
" 'The gentleman from Illinois has
Instantly the fateful bill was passed.
"I am using a bexoi Chamberlain's
Stomach & Liver Tablets and find
them the best thing for my stomach I
ever used." Rays T. Wt Robinson,
Justice of the Peace, Loomis, Mich.
These tablets not only correct disor
ders of the stomach but regulate the
liver and bowels. They are easy .to
take and pleasant in effect. Price 25c
per box. For sale by Orr-Gray &
? Many a rapid youth ?nd9 it
easier to contest his father's will
after the old man is dead than while
he is on earth.
? There are several kinds of talk
iug machines on the market, but none
of tbcu. can hold a candle to those in
evidence at an old-fashioned sewing
ofula with all its
uffering. This is a
a heavy burden to
iie body and hinders
! faculties, and the
nerous and varied
ors about the neck
k eyes and dreadful
! the body show the
matter in the blood. This dangerous
I securely in the system and attacks
i corpuscles of the blood, resulting in
ance of the skiu, lc~^ of strength and
; and tonic properties, and is guaran
;getable, making it the ideal remedy in
affections. It purifies the deteriorated
it rich and strong and a coiuplete and
re is soon effected. S. S. S. improves
and assimilation of food, restores the
ens the circulation, bringing a healthy
k and emaciated body,
physicians will cheerfully advise and
ain your health. Book ou blood and
r SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, Ga.
; THE SUN SHINES !"
rhile the sun shines if you have
?WER and RAKE.
ring Mower has enables the operator to
r other machine, and no time lost in go
achine is so constructed that the driver
g the 'cutter bar in passing stumps and
gs the cutter bar to an upright position
are many other advantages the Deer
i you when you want a Mower. The
two pieces, while all other Machines
vear out and be replaced,
p an outfit It is essential to have a
the simplest Rake on the market. A
ikes will convince any farmer that it is
uniping are eo constructed that a child
If you are in need of an outfit let us
de land in Peas and harrow them in
lines of Hardware, Nails and Wire
'Lot the GOLD Q?&T twins do your work'
is a disease wh. :h haa its origin
in a torpid liver and constipated
Prickly Ash Bitters
cures losiuess by cleansing the liver, strengthening the
digestiou and regulating the bowels. It mates good blood,
creates appetite, energy and cheerfulness.
PRICE, $1.00 PER BOTTLE.
AT DRUG STORES.
EVANS PHARMACY Special Agents.
Te eth in A
/. I J . J ' 11 If M <M ' fl 1 ! T\v
? B Bo I ??\J1 r.V.T? W ftIWi1
Dlairhoea,Dys entery, *xvi
the Bowel Troubles of
Children of Any ?g?.
[Aids Digestion, Regulates
the Bowels, Strengthens
the Child and Makes
lOr mall 2* cent* to C. %J. M OF FETT, M. D., ST, LOUIS. MO.
Pl?kfkcb, 8. c., Nov. 26.1900.?I \?as first ndrlsed by our family physician la Charleston to nso TK KT 11 I n'A
with our baby when ha^was butftrery young Infant, as a preventive of coiio and to warm and sweeten thostomach.
Later It was useful in teethinjr troublei, and Its effect lias been found to be so very beneilclalandsofrco from dancers
that aro consequent upon the \ito ut drugs and soothing syrups, that svo lmvo como to regard It, af'.or uso with throe
children, ns oiio of tho neccssldes wheniherol? iincw baby In thohouso nr. 1 until tho teething troubles aro over, and
V? take plcasuro In recommending it to our f rlemln instead of tho horrid stuf! that so many people uso to keep tUell
baby quiet. HAUT WELL M. a Y Kit, (Manager Daily Times aud Weekly Tlnies-Messenger.)
Costs Only 25 cents at Druggists,
? great many people have be
gun to realize the virtue of
Evans Liver and Kidney Pills,
And it only takes one to reach the spot.
By Mail 25c.
ANDERSON, S. C.
Extra Caps and Rubbers. Come and get
your supply while they are cheap.
Milk Coolers, Ice Cream Freezers and Fly .
Fans going fast.
Our Stoves and Banges are the best money
can buv. We have them for 88.00 and op,
with 27 pieces. Iron King, Ruth, Times and
Drop in and Bee the Blue Flame Wick?ess?
the ideal Summer Stoves.
'? Our line of Tinware, Woodenware, Enamel
Ware, House Furnishings, &c, is complete.
Roofing, Guttering, Plumbing and Electri
If you want the best CHURN made try a BUCKEYE.
ARCHER & MORRIS.
Phone No. 261?Hotel Chiquola Block._ _
BLACKSMtlTH AND WOODWOBK'SHOPST
THE undersigned, having succeeded to*the busiuees of Frank Johnson
& Co., will continue it at the old stand, ,?nd solicits the patronage of the public.
Repairing aud Repainting promptly executed. m
We make a specialty of "Goodyear," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing.
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ruady for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm \V ngons
that we especially invite year attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business,
Church Street, Opposite Jail. J. P. TODD.
NOW is the time to make a selec
tion of a?
The "Kroeger" is the perfection of
mechanical construction, and for artis
tic tone quality has no equal. Don't
be talked into paying a fancy price
for a cheap instrument, but see me
about prices. I cun sell you the very
best at an exceedingly low price.
Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines.
Machine Needles 20c. per dozen.
91. L. WILLIS,
Next Door tu I'eoiilcn Hunk,
Acme Paint and Cement Cure
Specially used on Tin Hoofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by?
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO,
F. B. GRAYTON & CO.,
^^i? Shr?ggiit?, Anderson, S.