Newspaper Page Text
gome OedFaots whi
ers have Grrther
Uncle Sam has been trying to find
out where sll tho pirti go. This io an
old question. Away back io (ha days
of the cave dwellers some housewife,
dressed in skioi, probably asked it
when the pretty bone pins made by
ber husband insisted] mysteriously cn
Appearing just when sae needed
them, and almost every bwNSince then
has wondered just the a*tae way.
Uncle Sam sent pussle solvers out
to study the matter. These pussle
gol vers were callad census collectors.
They bad to solve many other hard
problems, for finding out about pins
?an only one of many thousands of
things that Uncie Sam insisted on
knowing. Some of them had to count
his buffaloes, and others had to count
bis locomotives, and others his oUiU
dreo, big snd little. Most of them
did pretty well. They got so far as to
count his chickens before they were
hatched. They found ont how many
IndianB he hss in his country, and
, ],ow macy miles of telegraph wire,
?nd how many cows and horses and
sheep and goats, and lots of other
Bot the men who hunted after the
pin question did not manage to find1
any lost pins. All that they could
discover was how many are made each
year, and how many everybody io the
country ought io have if most of us
did noi keep losing them.
If everybody got his or her share of
the pins that are manufactured in the
United States, each one of us ought
to have 108 new pins eaoh year, or a
Iii tie more than one new pin in every
three days. -
There were . 7,250,000,000 of pins
made io the United States in the
year, and the needles that were turned
out amounted to more than 261,000,
I Of course, Unole Sam's pussle solv
ers did not oount these pins and nee
dles one by one. To do that would
have required more than one man's
life time. They found out how many
factories of pins and needles there are
in the oonntry and then they asked
each one of the amount turned ont
by it. j
The census collectors found out
that there are forty-three faotories, all
making them as fast as machinery can
do it. Three and one-quarter millions
of dollars are invested in the shops
and machines and . tools for making |
them. The manufacturers sold their
product for almost ?3,000,000. j
IThere sre ce von times as many pins
and needles turned out'now as there
verein 1860. Then ?he'workgave
employaient LO ouiy ?p? persons; now
2,353 are employed at it. The manu
facture of pins and needles hss given
1939,846 to working people in wages
in the past year.
The most pins and needles are made
in Coooeotiout, New Hampshire, Mas
sachusetts and New York. Connecti
cut ?od Massachusetts siake almost
all the sewing machine needles used.
Unele Sam first attempted to make
pioB when he was not Unele. Sam ot
iall, but only trying to be. During
the revolutionary war not the least of
the hardships that the. brave Ameri
can woman had to suffer was tho look
of pinB; for tho king's oruisers gob
bled them up with everything else
that ships tried to bring here. So a
few pius were" made in Connecticut
and in the Carolinas. But even the
patriots had to admit that they were
sot good pine and they did -not begin
to supply the demand. In the war of
1812 pins became scarce again. JTou
may be sure that for a timo any child
that lost a pin then was scolded and
had to look for it. A few pins were
a&de here again, bnt when the war
ended and English pins began to ar
rive once more the domes*.io manufac
ture oea?ed. Then no pins to speak
of were made by Uncle Sam until ,1830,
when more than one of his shrewd
Yankee boys began to invont machines
'or their manufacture.
The first machines . mada the pins
without a head. The head was form
ed from tiny coils of fine wire and
fag te u ed on the oh oak by pressure.
The nest Yankee boy invented a ma-x
t&ine that made pins with a solid
?ead. Before \w? Uncle Sam's folk
bad maohines that turned pins out at
the rate of 170 a minute. Not content
[with that, they invented a machino to
fltiok the pip? into papers.
Wheupise were made by hand each
pin had Wpass through the hands of
[ eighteen different persons before it
was fioishsd. Now a msohino does it
*?. Coils of wire ere placed on a
?tt*l and the machine draws out ns
aQoh wiro aa it heeds, punches a part I
?f it into a head and then passes it on I
t0 "tool pincers that seise it ak hands S
Would and pass it along in front of I
?Otters, tv ir ling each pin constantly
?j? that it will be sharpened properly. !
*hen tho pins aro thrown *??t into a
b*th that plates tnem with tin. From
oh Uncle Sam and Oth
er! -A^bout Them.
this bath they go ioto a revolting
barrel of saw due t that brightens them.
Thia procesa would no doubt d?sele
the simple person who made the first
pin. Thatfirat pin, possibly, waa one
of the first things that man tried to
make. For, as soon as he began to
wear even the most primitive germent,
he met the necessity of holding it ob,
and something sharp to stick into it
was the natural thing that suggested
itself. No doubt he used a thorn at
first. Bnt thorns were rarely of the
proper chape and the bnsy human
brain wss not content till it had de
vised something better. So it wss
not long before, some ingenious eave
dweller aroused the envy of his less
enterprising friends by appearing with
his mantle of skins nobly pinned to
gether with slender, white fish bones.
Fish bones served nicely until man
began to long for beauty, probably
without knowing it. Being simple
and direct, he soon gratified his desire
by personal adornments. So the cave
dwellers begsn to rub the smaller ani
mal bones on flint till they had ground
them into fairly good pins and skew
From that it waa only a step to the
highly ornamented pins ' that have
been found in the ancient lake dwell
ings of central Europe. Some of these
had double shanks like our modern
hairpins. Others were shoped like
safety pins. Most of them had deco
Of course pips would not serve all
purposes, and the ancient man soon
had to devise something that was like
5 yiu ?nd yet weuld draw a sinew or
other 'binding material through hie
skin garments so that two pieces of it
oould be fastened together. Again
the fishbone had to serve, and when a
oave dweller discovered that by tying
a piece of deer sinew tc it he oould
stitch his clothes together, the first
sewing society of the world was start
ed. It probably held its opening ses
sion in some cave in southern France.
From fish bones and animal bones to
metal was the next great advance made
by the world. Man was still very
primitive and uncouth when lie found
that he could do things With the ores
of the esrth. Perhaps he got his first
idea of. it from seeing volcanic fire fuse
the great rocks. At any rate, he be
gan to make his pins and needles out
of bronze before long.
The first needles were merely
straight, pointed pieces of metal.
The sinew or fiber that served as
thread was tied to one end. An in
vsstxvc genius iuipruved vu ibis one
day by making a little hook in the
end to prevent the fiber from slipping
off, as it often did. The next man
improved that by outting a notch in*
stead of making the clumsy hook.
Then for many ages the world did
not make any notable improvement in
.needles. Folk used olnmsy metal con
tri van cea and did not dream that they
were not good enough, until the
Mooro catered Spain at the time of
the great invasion of Europe by the
grim and terrible Saracens. The
Moors brought with them, besides
I much other culture, the art of making
dainty needles of'steel. Gradually
the knowledge spread through Europe,
and 120 years before Columbus dis
covered America the men of Nurom
burg began to make them. That was
a queer industry then, for the needle
makers weira the'eriuoiers, too, and
the same man who beat out a tiny
needle to be need by the delicate fin
gers of a woman in embroidery and
hemming might be busy, in another
hour forging a tremendous double
handed sword pf the kind that the old
fighters loved to wield.
And, by the way, isn't it queer to
think that many of your pretty and
-innocent toys are made now by the
j. descendants of thoa* same old Nuremr
burg craftsmen who sent ont the wea
pons that made poor Europe bloody
for so many generations?
Nobody could beat the Nuremburg
craftsmen in thos? days, and so be
fore many years almost everybody else
has ceased ; trying to compete with
them except the Moors. And the
Moors oould not spore the time to
make many needles, for ther soon had
work that demanded tc oh far more
grim. So the secret Lysame almost
lost to the world at large:
j Then, cue day in 1543, a mysterious
stranger arrived in London and open
ed a shop in Cheapside. Soon his
neighbors began to whisper that he
was a Moor who had escaped from
Spain, and as the Moors then were
suspected of sorcery, it was not loog
before folk . said that he had dealings
with the 'evil ono, for the Moor had
for sale wonderful steel needles that
! were so fine >nd tiny that no one
I contd,, belies that it was pospibk for
man, to make them. Bat the rich
; English women , were ss glad to get
such needles that they protected the
Moor min all their, influence, and
they defeated the designs of mani
persons who would have been very
glad to extort the secret from the ?ass
under pretense of punishing him foi
witchcraft. The Moor finally died U
peats* and his sseret died with him.
During Queen Elisabeth's reign i
German arrived in England and mad?
"Spanish" needles. Before long ax
Englishman imported twenty-two Ger
man ' workingmen. That practical)]
founded the great needle-making in
dustry of England.
Oar Americas Monarch.
'In this country we are ineliaed ti
marvel that enlightened nations shouh
tolerate suoh things as hereditary mon
arch 8. Kings nod queens we lcd
upon, not only as unnecessary evili
but as the embodiment of misplace)
power. We proudly allude to owi
heads of government as servants, an
we would scorn the idea of being th
oubjeots of any ruler. And so far a
onr relations to the government ar
concerned this attitude is justified b;
But are we a free and independen
people, for all that ?
True we have no soeptered aovei
eigne, but are we our owu masters i
the true sense ? Where is the mot
aroh of Europe who wields the pow?
of that one American, J. Fierpoi
Morgan ? What prince or potentat
ean by the wave of his soeptre produc
panie or prosperity as can one strut
from the pen of this modern Cceaar
stili hungry for more world0 io 001
What coalition of kingdoms or en
pires , can have suoh an influence c
the commercial, industrial and final
nial world as have the combinations *
which this one man is tho creator at
Even now we see tenB of thonsam
of stirring miners appealing to him
forceTa peace between them and the
employers. And be can do it, too,
What old world monarch ean do 1
We see the "greatest governme
on earth" standing aghast at his 00
tinned combinations of railroads, tc
egraph lines, industrial enterprise
and yet powerless to check him. Wh
hereditary ruler ever assumed so mm
Where on earth is there a man, sn
ject or ruler, whose death would
disturb conditions as would the taki
away of J. Pierpont Morgan ? Und
the moat absolute monarchy of . ehr:
ton dom the breaoh is covered with
"The king is dead; long live t
king." And things proceed as be foi
But whd' is there to take Morgan
place ? With him would, in all prc
ability, fall the mammoth and mu!
tudinous concerns for whose stabili
his magie name alone stands. To sn
an extent, indeed, are shrewd in ve
tors impressed with this fact, tb
many are even buying insurance no
oies on Monaroh Morgan's life as
protection against whatever losses)
death and the consequent disturban
in industrial affairs would eats
Where is there another human be!
on whom so much depends ?
And.in what other country on ear
could suoh things be possible ? Whc
bnt in i ree America would; snob mt
tery and such slavery be tolerated
It is altogether probable that tho v<
eranie Bussell Sage's view of the s
nation is not far from oorreot-t
American people may yet shake
their ruler as did the Frenoh. Con
tions BO unnc'jural cannot forever <
ist. A government of the people, I
the people, by the people, cannot 1
long be made the ploy thing of any
dividual. Like samson of old, 1
mighty Morgan may pull tho tem]
down upon himself and those near
him.-Atlanta Journal. J
Mr. Editor-/ How me to apeal
few words in favor of Ghamberlai
Oough Remedy. ' I suffered for th
ye&rs with the. bronchitis and co
not oleep at nights. I tried save
doctors and various patent medi?lo
but oould get - nothing to give me 1
relief until ray wife got a bottle
this;- valuable medicine, which !
completely relieved me.-W. S. Bro
man, Bagnell, Mo. This remedy
for sale by Orr-Gray Co.
- The oldest inhabitant . talk
good deal but he doesn't make 1
00 much noise aa the too th-cutt
' For a bad taste, in the mouth t
Chamberlain's Stomaoh and Liver
blots. For sale by Orr Gray & Co
- The forestry of the' Philippi
is almost the richest! in variety in
world. The hard woods are unexc
Ts dare a Cold ls Ose Day.
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine* 1
lets. All druggists ref und the wo
if it fails to eure. E. W. Gio
signature on every box. 25c.
- ? It takes a whole lot of will po
to love a woman enough to thank
for calling you half an hour earl]
the morning so you will have tim
stop in on your way down town
match ooma silk for her.
- There are three ways to w
woman's affections; one.is to J
telling her how much you love
and the other two' is to keep tel
her how nice she looks.
600,000 Jews in New York.
Wurla publishes an es
timate of the number of Jews in
Greater New York, based on the num
ber of Jewish burials as recorded by
the board of health. These amounted
in 1901 to 7,997, and as tho death
retain the most congested Jewish
district is little over 15 per thousand?
this implies a population of 533,133
in the middle of 1901. 8inee tba
time no less than 39,225 have arrived
at New York and stayed there, while
by natural inore ase of births over
deaths another 21,400 wonld be added
up to August 1, of this year, making
a grand total of 684,783.
That thia is rather under than over
the aotual atate of the population ie
the opinion of the Jewish World. The
number of Jewish marriages in Man
hattan alone in 1901 was 5,062, which,
at a vary high marriage rate of 10 per
thousand, wonld imply a population ?? j
506,200, to which have to be added
the 70,000 Jews in Brooklyn and the
increase by immigration and czoess of
birth, as before. The high rate of
marriage is due to the fact that so
large a proportion of the Jewish im
migrants are adults-three baohelors
tc every two spinsters.
Again, sinoe 1881 the number of
Jewish immigrants hss been counted
each yesr and amounts to date to
627,950 who have arrived in New
York, of whom 459,055 have stayed
here. Counting in the 45,000 Jews
who were in New York in 1881 and
the natural increase daring the twen
ty-one years as 105,903, a total is
reaohed of 609,958.
The Jewish World ss7s: Altogether
it is clear that the calculation found
ed on ihe death rate is a conservative
and minimum estimate, and that the
Jews of New York number over 600,
000, or 16.5 per cent of the total pop
ulation, whereas hslf a million reside
on Manhattan Island, or 27 per cent.
Every fourth man or woman you meet
with on Manhattan is a Jew or a
- -> . mm
To Go 100 Miles an Hoar.
Lynn, Mass., August 22.-Machine
ry for a train that may revolutionise
the railway transportation of the
world is being built at the General
Eleotrio Works here. It ia soon to
be tried in Illinois, where the traok
is almost completed. The engineers
estimate "that the traie will make 90
to 100 miles an hour. If successful,
the experiment means eventually a
trip from Boston to New York in
about two hours. The average time
at present is about six. Chicago would
be reaohed from New York in ten
hours. The scheme has received the
approval of the ablest electricians and
railroad min in the country.
The line is about 150 miles long,
and is remarkable for aolidity and
strength. ' As far as possible grades
have been eliminated. Electricity
will be the motive power and the
*bird rail syst sm will be used.
A train of three cars has bees built
for the first trials. The .'train will be
equipped with twelve motors of 120
horss power each. Instead of the
high speed increasing the danger, it
ia claimed that the train will be safer
and run less risk of leaving the rails
than an ordinary street osr. N
The theory held by Prof. Thompson
and other era"nonb electricians is that
the train is practiciliy electrically
welded to the track and cannot leave
it while the power is on. The sue
esssfal operation of this line will
probably be folio* red by the building
of similar lines between all the great
oities on the continent.
'?mu . mm -
Whole Grains fer Poultry.
The following opinion is expressed
by an Indiana poultry ra an:
More and more do we favor whole
grains for poultry except docks sud
fancy lese the msshei. They will not
fatten so fast, perhaps ths growth
will not be so rapid for a few weeks,
but the grown specimens will be of
better shape as to bone and muscio,
also as to heartiness. It is eaid the
muscles of the gizzard do not harden
as they should when ohioks are fed
soft mashes; then there is the ever
present, danger of giving it tho least
bit soar; one meal of tainted mash
will osuse any amount of trouble and
loss. If we were confined to one
grain it would be wheat of course.
- Every time a lasy man looks at
tho clock the day becomes longer.
?l_et toe (?CLO OUST twiss do year work.*
Ko Som Borat/ Soda or Ammonia to asedes win
With Uta* water ami toss ??crt, rou ea? eleen aw
thtaaehout the boat? bsttar. usier and cheaper the?
wto foe^orjmy other claimer. Owe try it, rooTl
Makers of OVAL FAIRY SOAP.
S ,.\ .:. .. . ... y. ''. ' . '- . .....'-V ' vf-.'-.
Anderson, 8. C., Aug. 1, 1902.
To the contestants for the prises
offered by the Anderson Fertiliser
Company for crop of 1901-1902 :
We find that T. M. Welborn, of Pen
dleton! S. C., has won the first prise
for the yield of 108.937 bushels from
.ls seres, and the first prise for yield
of 64.266 bushels from three aores,
an? the first prise for the yield of 181
bushels from one aore.
Thia crop was grown on land previ*
oualy planted in cotton ; was prepared
by turning with a two-horse plow, fol
lowed by a two-horse subsoil plow.
One bushel cf Blue Stem wheat was
sown per sore with a wheat drill, ap
plying at the same time 800 pounds of
Andersou Phosphate and Oil Company
10-2 arid and 200 lbs. cotton seed meal
Thia test is duly signed by thc three
judges, and dated July 1st, 1902.
The second prize for the best yield
on six aores is won by Mr. Allen J.
Sullivan, of Sullivan, 8. C., for the
yield of 1084 bushels.
This crop was grown on land previ
ously planted in cotton ; was turned
by a two-horse Oliver Chilled Plow to
an average depth of eight to ten inch
es, then harrowed with Tarrant* s har
row, then sown with Farmer's Favorite
seed drill, applying one bushel Ken
tucky Red Wheat per aero, at the same
time applying 340 pounds of Standard
Fertiliser per aore, manufactured by
the Anderson Phosphate and Oil Co.
Mr. Sullivan says that he used aoid
on another piece of ground, but got
better resulte where he used Ammoni
This ie dated July 9,1902, and prop
erly signed by the judges.
The second prize for the best yield
on ono aoro ii won by Mr. M. B. Rich
ardson, of Pendleton, S. C., being 1GJ
bushels. Mr. Richardson grew this
crop where he previously had cotton.
He plowed up the stalks, and ran over
the land with a outaway harrow ; theo
turned deep with a two-horse plow,
applied 600 pounds of Anderson Phos
phate and Oil Co's. 16 per oent aoid
to an aore, and ran the smoothing har
row over it : then sowed three-quarter
bushel of Blue Straw Wheat to the
sore, applied 200 pounds of meal to
thu aore, and plowed in with side har
row, followed with smoothing harrow.
This communication is dated July
7tb, 1902, and properly signed by the
Mr. L. O. Dean, of Dean, S. C., is
the winner of the third prise for the
best yield on one aore, having thresh
ed 15} bushels from one acre. He is
also tbe winnerof the second prize for
the three aore oontest, having raised 48
bushels. Mr. Dean is also the winner
of the third prize for the best yield on
six aores, having threshed 96} bushels.
Mr. Dean raised this crop where he
had,oats and peas sown the year before.
The land was turned with a two-horse
turn plow five or six inches deep, then
narrowed with a 20-inoh solid disc har
row. This was followed with an Acme
harrow, whioh was followed by a plank
drag. He then applied 200 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate & Oil Company's
16 per oent. Aoid Phosphate and 150
pounds of cotton seed meal and 15 lbs.
of Muriate of Potash through a Farm
ers' Favorite Grain Drill on Nov. 5th;
the same application was made on Nov.
6th. and then on Nov. 12th he sowed
ll bushels of Blue Straw Wheat to
the acre through a Farmers' Favorite
This communication ia dated July 1,
1902,ond properly signed by the judges.
Yours truly, f~ JD
ANT?5HBON PHOSPHATS & OIL CO. ?
In every town
may be had,
that makes your
AND, before deciding where, send for
a Catalogue of WILLI AUSTON FE
MALE COLLEGE. After examining
it carefully, ask yourself why any
citizen of Anderson County should
send his daughter away for a thorough
education in a pure moral atme phere
in an unusually well equipped Female
College. Patronize home institutions
in preference to others not as Rood.
Address REV. 8. LANDER, Pies,,
Williamston, 8. C.
July 80, 1902 6 _
Abbeville Lands for Sale.
TWO Hundred Acree, more or lesa, in
the ''Flat Woods,'' with new snd comfor
table dwelling end improvements. One
snd one quarter miles from Calhoun
Folio, convenient to two railroads, and
adjoining lands of John 8. Norwood.
Norwood Calhoun and others.'
Also, 776 seres, more or lees, adjoining
above Tract and lands of Capers Riley.
Mrs. E. B. Calhoun, Cabree lands snd
Island Ford Hoad. .
These Tracts are part of the old Mo
Dome or Norwood Tract, known ss the
Terms-One-third essb, balance ou J
and two years, Interest st eight per cent.
Credit portion secured by Note and Mort
ft^t?cotsold by first of October will be
for rent. For further information spply
to John 8*Norwood or tba undersigned.
MRS HENRY H. NORWOOD,
Calhoun Fslls. 8. C.
Joly 80,1902 ^6 4
>-.'. .-?>* ';.".> ^ i ' : *.
Room Suites, Side Boards,
Baby Carriages, Go Carts,
Rockers, Chairs, Safes,
\ Rugs, Mattings, Etc., Etc,,
Can be found at a Cheaper Price at the
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
Titan anywhere else.
COFFINS and CASKETS.
Why Not Give Your House a Coat of .
MASTIC PAINT ?
You can put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house would not cost you more
!Pive or Six Dollars !
Orr-Gray & Co.
COLEMAN-HAGENER HARDWARE CO.,
(SUCCESSOR TO C. P. POPPENHEIM.)
863 KINO STREET,. .CHARLESTON, 0. ?L.
SHELF HARDWARE A SPECIATTY.
- AGENTS FOR
Buckeye Mowers. Brteley Plows, Oliver Chilled Plows
GEORGE A. WAGEN ER, President.
GEORGE Y. COLEMAN, Vice President.
I G. BALL, Secretary and Treasurer.
Extra Caps and Rubbers. Come and get
your supply while they are cheap.
Milk Coolers, Ice Cream Freezers and Fly
Fans going fast. \
Our 8 to vea and Banges are the best money
can buv. We have them for $8.00 and np,
with 27 pieces. Iron King, Ruth, Times and
Drop in and see the Blue Flame Wickleas
the ideal Summer Stoves.
Our line of Tinware, Woodenware, Enamel
Ware, House Furnishings, &c, is complete.
Roofing, Guttering, Plumbing and Electri
m~ If you want the beBt CHURN made try a BUCKEYE.
ARCHER & MORRIS.
Phone No. 261-Hotel Chiquola Block.
BLACKSMITH AND WOODWORK SHOPS !
THE undersigned, having succeeded to the business of Frank JCUUEO?
& Co., will continue it at the old etend,and solicits the patronage of the public.
Repairing and Repainting promptly executed.
We make a specialty of ^Goodyear," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ready for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm Wagon
that we especially invite your attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business
Church Street, Opposite Jail. _J. P. TODD.
NOW is the time to make a selec
tion of a
The "Kroeger" is the perfection o?
mechanical construction, and for artis
tic tone quality has no equal. Don't
be talked into paying a fancy price
for a cheap instrument, but see me
about prices. I can sell you the very
best at an exceedingly low price.
Pianos, Groans, Sewing Machines.
Machine Needles 20c. per dozen.
H. L. WILLIS,
Next Door to Peoples Bank.
Acme Paint and Cernent Cure,
Specially used on Tin Hoofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GRAYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Andern ", S. C.