Newspaper Page Text
_A.bout Xjiars and th
There is io our time no historian,
DO Judge, no tesoh?r who ie not con
tinually hindered i? his work by the
For the historian it is made difficult
to separate the real fasts from the
mixture of truth and lies whioh always
constitute his material. The task of
the Judge is almost superhuman, be
cause there is always the possibility
that the acoused, tbs witnesses or the
counsel on either or both sides may
tell things that are not exactly true
.nd very often barefaced lies, and
every teacher and educator knows that
truthfulness and sincerity are the
very foundation of all morals, that the
child who lies will very often do even
worse things, and that the person who
does not hate the lie will not have the
will-power to resist the temptations of
all kinds whioh offer themselves to all
of us during onr life.
I shall try to explain the origin and
nature of this vice of lying that we
find in all classes and all ages. I
shall try to analyze the complicated
soul of the person who lies.
First of all let us try to discover
how a child begins to lie, what mo
tives drive him to lying and what so
phisms he uses to justify his lie, nd
then afterwards a few words as to low
to counteract the lie, how to fight
against it and, if possible, to drive it
How does a ohild become a liar, how
does it disoover how to lie, and hoir
does it get into the habit of lying?
The child in its very first years
neither liss ncr simulated; its
thoughts, its ideas, its feelings are
immediately transformed into facts.
This is the great, natural, primitive
law. Every idea, every desire imme
diately becomes an aot. The act is
only the idea, left to itself and follow
ing its natural course, and this is what
we see in all impulsive or all hypno
tized persons whose personal will
power is not strong enough to control.
In the child oil thoughts are imme
diately expressed in movements in
cries or later in words. Its body is
the perfeet and constant expression of
its inner self.
How is it then possible that a child
may take up the habit of lying?
In this passing from the primative
sincerity to mendaoit> we are able to
discover a oertain number of mo
First, the ohild discovers the lie,
then it notices that lying is practiced
all aronnd it, then that lying is useful
or even necessary, and finally it starts
to lie itself.
The ohild first disoovers the lie by
playing. To play is to live in a world
of dreams, of unreality, of illusion.
To play is to transform the monoto
nous reality into an alluring fiction
whioh is mord in accord with the de
sires of the ohild. A little girl, for
instance, plays with her doll and tells
that she has a baby, that it will soon
?grow, that it has taken cold, that it
egina to talk, and so on.
From this to lying the step is very
short, and what proves this is that we
are often deceived ourselves.
A ohild will come to us crying, say
ing that another ohild has struck it,
or has broken its toys, and we believe
in it until suddenly the child will
burst out laughing and tell us that it
was all said for fun.
Of course, from a moral point of
1 view, there is a world of difference
between playing and lying, but from
tbe psyohologioal point of view the
difference is almost imperceptible, be
cause both are in contrast to the
It is very natural that the child
should discover the lie through play
ing-it is sufficient that it sees that
grown people are taken io onoe or
twice, that it disoovers it can fool us.
ft amuses itself over our credulity
ind then it will soon know how to lie.
The second moment- is thc teaching
Iof lying by example, the revelation
?bat the lie is hot only possible, bat
real; that it is praotioed by the per
lons that surround it, and what is the
worst of all, by its own parents.
Weall Ho before our children; we
*" tell any number of fibB that we
consider excusable; we let the ser
vants tell that we are out, when we
?re at home; we compliment people to
tbejr face and criticise them behind
jbeir back; we aay that we are de
"guted to see a person whom we do
?oteare to see at all. Theab tolera*
ted lies are sufficient, the example is
|?t, but still worse is it whim a ohild
!s made an accomplice in c He, as
?ben a mother will say to her ohild:
'Now you must not tel) p?pa any
thing about this." To treat a ohild
?kia way, to teaoh ifc that things may
* done but not told, is to show it the
?traight road to moral ruin.*
Tho third moment comes when the
'bild faees its first cenfliot with so
is ty. It already knows t>?t lying is
e Evil that They Do.
i possible; that it ia practiced by almost
everybody, and it now discoveis that
lying is, BO to speak, necessary.
Every child makes ita start in life
with perfect candor and sincerity; it
says everything chat it thinks and
feels; it immediately transforms its
impressions into words and sots; it
wears absolutely no mssk. ' But very,
very soon it discovers that this will
not do. Sooner or later it suffers for
its frankness. .
In the first plaoe its own parents
will show their dissatisfaction, will
tell it thst it must not repeat every
thing that it hears ?r say everything
that it feels. They do not directly
teach it to lie, but they do teach it
that to be sincere in everything is to
make yourself ridiculous, to say the
Very soon the ohild loams not only
to conceal its real feelings, but also to
pretend feelings that it does not pos
sess. It soon learns that confidence
is abused; that promises sre given
only to be broken; that the whole
social life is one rotten, hollow empty
Thus the ohild lesrnc that absolute
sincerity, absolute straightforwardness
is an utter impossibility, that there
are many reasons why it must be im
possible; that politeness forbids us to
be truthful; thst modesty and poliey
are continually fighting sincerity, and
the ohild becomes a conventional liar
as everybody sround it is.
Af ter this comes the oritioal point.
Will thc child stop here, will it not
slide further down, will it understand
to go beyond the line of these neces
sary conventional lies?
Until now the chiid is still relative
ly sincere, it has seen that lying is
possible; that its own parents are
guilty of lying almoBt every day. It
has even seen that lying is necessary.
But how prevent it from becoming
what society calls a liar?
Education has much to do with this.
It is very important that educators
understand when to punish and when
not. The child that gets into the
habit of lying is very often thc child
who is too often and too severely
punished by its parents or its teach
The child who is always afraid of
punishment, the ohild who is beaten
for the smallest offense, will very soon
find oat that if it oonfesses having
done something wrong it is sure to be
The first and seoond time he offends
he may have > the courage to admit
frankly that he has done wrong, but
very soon he will begin to eonoeal,
partly because he is afraid of the hu
miliation and partly because he does
not want to shook his parents, or his
friends, or to cause them any unne
eossary sorrow, and lying becomes
easier every time it is practised, Sud '
at last ? person will lie at the very
smallest temptation, and ovei. without
any temptation at all, hardly realizing
himself that he is not telling the
truth, and when it comes to this point
it is only a very strong oharaoter that
will be able to redeem a person.
These ar** the different reasons that
make a sinoere ohild or person become
a liar, and the most prominent of
them is the desire to appear to be liv
ing a respectable lite, when yon know
you are not. The lie is a mask that
we wear when we do not want people
to see us as we are; we get into the
habit of lying when there are too many
things in our life that we are ashamed
of and that we dare not admit.-Prof.
Camille Melinaud, in St. Louis Re
Both Lady and Gentleman.
In answer to an advertisement for
somebody to take charge of a ohuroh
choir and play the organ, the follow
ing reply was received, to the great
joy of the advertiser: "Sir: I noticed
your advertisement for. an organist
and musio teacher, either lady or gen
tleman. Having been both for several
years I offer you my services."
It reminds one a little of the pomp
ous fellow who inquired after a lady's
"dean little ghi." "Thank you,
said she, "my little boy is quite well."
"Little boy, is it!" exclaimed the
man; "ah, well, I knew it waa one or
the othah."-London Globe.
j ?hla Signatare ls era every box ot tba gennie*
1 Laxative Bro?o^paiae TM*U
tko remedy-thai ctsswa a said a -
- Yon can palin off on any woman
admiration for the real thing in love.
- As between jewels and* babies it
is a closo thing in temptation for wo
- The more men yon lend money to
the less there are from whom you cen
- Beware of the woman who loves
money more than she loves love.
A BUMPER COM CROP.
We Caa Supply the World This Tear,
and Next Tot.
In the h it tory c? -c. ?al productions
there has never been euch an tnor
mona erop of eora at ia being gather
ed in tho United Sutes tait year. It
will aggregate ?,589,901,000 bushell,
or mort than the entire eora erop of
the world for 1901. Tho eora rtited
in the United States will be suffioieut
to supply the needs of the world, for
this and next year, even should there
be a total failure in 1903.
Corn harvesting is now in progress
in the United States and not until
snow flies in Deoember will this enor
mous task be ended. Even then far
ra rs further south will not have
finished husking the golden ears stand
ing in their fields of brown. They
know it makes little difference so far
as prices are concerned. A reoord of
sales of oom in the past ten years
shows that the highest prices are ob
tained in late fall and winter, and
that prices are 25 per cent, below the
average immediately after the gather
ing of the erop begins in early au
Last year the corn burned as it stood
ripening in the fields, just a few reeks
before it had matured. But this sea
son there have been no droughts in
the corn sections. Nor have there
been floods of a general nature. The
weather, in faot, has been ideal for
eora growing. The stalks have grown
rank, the ears have spread and length
ened until 12-inch ears and 15-foot
stalks are not uneommon in the corn
belts. In Kansas they are telling of
farmers getting lost in their cornfields.
The orop for 1901 fell short of the
expected yield by 40 per cent. ; this
year it goes ahead of the predicted
yield by 10 or 15 per cent. Eight
States last year did not raise
enough eora for home oonsumption.
The exports foll short 8;000;0QQ bush
els. The yield waa only 16 bushels
to the sore and 4,000,000 aores were
not cut at all. In 1896 the averago
yield was 28 bushels to the aore, ex
cept in Kansas, where it was 40 bush
els. Kansas last year averaged ten
bushels or leBS to the sere. The Sun
flower State always runs to the ex
The acreage of oom this year is
muoh larger than last. It is 3 per
cent, more or 102,869,928 seres. This
large aoreage is due to the faot that
three and one-half miUion aores of
wheat, sown the preoea.^g fall, had
been frozen out and were ploughed up
for eora. Consequently, these 3,000,
000 aeres, which are largely in Kan
sas, Nebraska and Iowa, will not yield
their owners muoh profit. The cost
of the wheat ploughed up was $6 an
aore, and the cost of oom $5. The
yield must therefore he above 30
bushels and yield 40 cents a bushel,
to profit at all. This is improbable.
So 3 per oent. of the eora erop will
yield nothing above the expense of
sowing and gathering it*
The principal oom states are thoBO
of the middle and central states. The
summers are too long for good eora
produotion in the south, and it is too
droughty in the far southwest for cer
tain yield. Illinois is the leading
oorn state, but Kansas, Iowa, Indiana,
Missouri and Nebraska are big corn
Crra is handled in much different
manner than a dozen years ago. Then
the man did all; now machinery does
it. Little eora is husked by hand; in
faot moat of it is gathered as is wheat;
husked by maehinery and ?helled by
a patent sheller. The co J is ground
up with the fodder and makes good
feed; in faot the fodder is considered
1 per cent, of the crop. There are
are cornfields in Kansas and Okla
homa that cover 3,000 co 5,000 acres,
and from 10 to 20 corn harvesters run
through them, one following another.
The eora stalks, with the ears, are
stacked in rows by these harvesters,
later they are hauled to a thresher or
sheller, the ears torn from the stalk
and the grain from the cob. The cost
is very small.
In 1900 the United States raised
2,000,000,009 bushels of corn; in 1901,
1,500,000,000 bushels. In 1896 the
erop was near to the present bumper
yield, making 2,285,000,000 bushels.
Last year, because of the scarcity,
oorn sold at excessive prices. In Kan
sas the farmers obtained 90 cents a
bushel for the orop. The average
price was 60 oents. The whole erop
sold for $929,555,768. In 1899, when
the crop was twioe as large, the pri?e
I obtained by the farmers was $629,210,
110. TV- value of the corn crops last
year was $10 an aore, while in 1896
the greatest corn year, prior to this
one-$6 wac the average price obtain
ed by the farmers. In 1899 oorn sold
in some parts of the United States for
10 oents a bushel. The lowest price
The oom crops of the United States
are worth from $600,000,000 to $900,
000,000 every year. The exports
average from $170,000,000 to $200,
000,000 annually, or one-tenth of tho
yield. Only 25 per eent. of the oorn
raised is exported from the states
where it is grown. Some states never
raise enough eora to supply the home
needs The middle west states aro
tho principal oom produoers, IIUQO?B
is the prinoipal exporter.
There are about 5,000,000 farms in
the United States, of which 3,000,000
produoo eorn. The average coat of
producing an acre of cora is $5.73,
divided in this way: Seed, 77 cents;
planting, 78 cents; cultivating, $1.02;
basking end putting in orop, $1.16;
wear and tear of tools, 23 cents; rent
of land or interest on value, $2.47.
Tho.ayerage cost of production per
bushel is H cents and during this last
10 years the aversge pries of oorn, to
the farmer, has been 26 cents. -The
average yield in 10 years ia 20 bushels
per acre, hence the profit upon oorc
land per acre can be reokor jd at $2.40.
This is lesa than the profit on wheat,
and for that reason corn, whioh has
for many years been a popular orop,
is slowly giving way to wheat. Bc*
it will be a great while before the
United States ceases to be the prin
cipal corn-raising country of the
world.-New York Sun.
Had to Obey Orders.
All doctors are not as careful of the
welfare of their patients as they might
be. Here is a story of one who went
the limit. He is the proprietor of
a famous health resort not far from
Washington. When he receives
patient for treatment he says:
"Now, I want it understood that
unless you do exactly as I say, there
is no use of you staying."
This rule sometimes requires him to
be very harsh, but he never hesitates.
He acts on the theory that he oan
better afford to offend a single patient
and lose him than to have that patient
I go baok home and tell his friends Dr.
So-and-So had done him no good.
Not long ago a Washington clergy
man went to this resort for treatment.
The doctor looked him over npon his
arrival and said:
"While you are here you must take
long walks every day."
"But I can't take walks," replis
the parson. "I haven't done any
walking in years. My heart won't
They argued the question quite
warmly. As the olergyman and the
dootor were good friends the latter
was more lenient than usual. How
ever, lie bided his time. The next
afternoon the physician said to the
"It's a nice day. I would liko you
to go horseback riding with me."
Biding they went. When they
were about eight miles from the sani
tarium the physician said. "Oh, doo
tor, won't you get me that flower by
the roadside. I don't like to leave
As soon SB the olergyman was on
the ground the dootor galloped off
with both horses and the olergyman
was compelled to walk baok to the
sanitarium. Upon his arrival he was
very angry and was for paoking cp
and leaving at once. There was no
train that night, BO he was forced to
stay a few hours longer. The next
morning he oame down radiant sud
good natured. "Doctor," e<id he, "I
was pretty sore at you lae uiflht, b>'t
I forgive you everything. 1 have had
the first good sleep I have enjoyed in
months.- Hereafter I'll obey your or
- After a woman gets married she
wonders three times a day as long as
she lives what to get for the next
- If old Noah had left the job of
building the ark to a government con
tractor the chances are he would have
- A pessimist has no use for a per
son who is afflioted with ohronic mirth
- The balance of a man's wedding
present account always shows up on
the wrong side.
Cause more deaths than
bullets. Their aymptoms
are not alarming, hence
they are neglected and
quickly become dangerous.
Is a kidney medicine of
great value; it strengthens
the kidneys, allays Inflam*
mation, eases backache and
arrests the progress of the
disease. It xs an honest
remedy that can bj depend
AT ALL DRUGGISTS.
Brans Pharmaojr. Special Agents.
Anderson, S. C., Aug. 1, 1902.
To the contestants for the prizes
?Sered by the Anderson Fertilizer
Jorapany for erop of 1901-1902 :
We find that T. M. Welborn, of Pen
laton, 8. C., has won the first prize
or the yield of 108.937 bushels from
ix sores, and the first prize for yield
tf 54.266 bushels from three sores,
md tho first prise for the yield of 181
mahala from one acre.
This crop was grown on land previ
tusly planted in cotton ; was preparad
>y turning with a two-horse plow, fol
owed by a two-horse subsoil plow.
Dne bushel of Blue Stem wheat was
lown per sore with a wheat drill, ap
plying at the same time 800 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate and Oil Company
LO-2 aoidand 200 lbs. cotton teed meal
This test is duly signed by the three
ludges, and dated July 1st, 1902.
The second prize for ?he best yield
>a six acres is won by Mr. Allen J.
Sullivan, of Sullivan, S. C., for the
field of 108* bushels.
This crop was grown ou land previ
>usly planted in cotton : was turned
t>y a two-horse Oliver Chilled Plow to
m average depth of eight to ten inch
ss, then harrowed with Tarran t's har
row, then sown with Farmer's Favorite
iced drill, applying one bushel Ken
Luoky Ked W heat per acre, at the same
time applying 340 pounds of Standard
Fertilizer per acre, manufactured by
the Anderson Phosphate and Oil Co.
Mr. Sullivan says that ho used acid
JD another piece of ground, but got
better results where he used Ammoni
This ie dated July 9,1902, and prop
erly signed by the judges.
The second prize for the best yield
an one acre is won by Mr. M. B. Rich
ardson, of Pendletoo, S. C., being l?t
bushels. Mr. Richardson grew this
crop where he previously had cotton.
He plowed up the stalks, and ran over
the land with a cutaway harrow ; then
turned deep with a tvo-horso plow,
applied 600 pounds of Anderson Phos
phate and Oil Co's. 16 per oent aoid
to an acre, and ran the smoothing har
row over it ; then sowed three-quarter
bushel of Blue Straw Wheat to the
sere, applied 200 pounds of meal to
the acre, and plowed in with side har
row, followed with smoothing harrow.
This communication is dated July
7th, 1902, and properly signed by the
Mr. L. O. Dean, of Dean, S. C., is
the winner of the third prize for the
best yield on one acre, having thresh
ed 155 bushels from one acre. He is
also tbe wionerof the second prize for
the three acre contest, having raised 48
bushels. Mr. Dean is also the winner
of the third prize for the best yield on
six acres, having threshed 96J bushels.
Mr. Dean raised this crop where he
had oats and peas sown the year before.
The land was turned with a two-horse
turn plow five or six inches deep, then
harrowed with a 20-inch solid disc har
row. This was followed with an Aome
harrow, whioh was followed by a plank
drag. He then applied 200 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate & Oil Company's
16 per cent. Aoid Phosphate and 150
pounds of cotton seed meal and 15 lbs.
of Muriate of Potash through a Farm
era' Favorite Grain Drill on Nov. 5th;
the same application was made on Nov.
6th. and then on Nov. 12th he sowed
H bushels of Blue Straw Wheat to
the acre through a FarmerB* Favorite
This communication is dated Joly 1,
1902,and properly signed by the judges.
Yours truly, Z~
ANDERSON PHOSPHATE & OIL CO. ?
Why You Should Insist on Having
??PlKfi HARNESS OIL
Unequaled by any other,
genders hard leather soft.
Keeps out water.
A heavy bodied oil.
8n excellent preservative,
educes roct of you?- harness,
ever 1 Me'leather ; its
Secures best service.
Stitches kept from breaking.
|s sold in all
LocaUtieS Manaractured by
Standard Oil Company.
AND, before deciding where, send for
a Catalogue of W1LLIAMST0N FE
MALE COLLEGE. After examining
it carefully, ask yourself why any
citizen of Anderson County should
send his daughter away for a thorough
education in a pure moral atmosphere
in an unusually well equipped Female
College. Patronize home institutions
in preference to others not HS good.
Address REV. 8. LANDER, Pres,
Williamston, S. C.
Joly 30, 1902 6 _
CUaniet ?nd beautifies Ci? hatz.
Promotes a luxuriant growth.
K?T?r Tall? to H o ?toro Q\-Jty
H^li? fea it? Touthful Color.
Cure* ?cain dlwaat, * hair ialUcg.
<Oo, and ?1/6 at Dniprfat?
SENT FREE to all
users of morphine,
elixir of opium, eo
caluo or whlokoy, .
large book ot par
ticulars on home or
ment. Address, B.
M. WOOLLEY CO.,
IO* N. Pryor Street,
Notice of Final Settlement.
THE undersigned, Administratrix of
Estate of Jas. H. Ellison, deceased, b?re
bv gives notice that she will on Monday,
2i'd day of September, 1002, apply to the
Judge of Probate for Anderson County,
8. C., fora Final Settlement of caid Es
tate, and a dieobarge from her otllce as
MARY JANE ELLISON, Adm'x.
August 20,1002 0 6
.TI U ?i?t-AattloB f>? <?*T?. ?ad BOihla? th?* w? r?T? did any 8<x>4 : u>? ?wLa???TS^^KHTrt??
WE have prepared for Hard Times
by buying tho LARGEST Stock of
Ever in Anderson, and have bought
at Hard Times Prices. There will be
no Hard Times for you when you buy
from us, for we have the prices lower
than you have ever heard of them be
fore, and you can now buy two dol
lars worth of Furniture for one.
Come to see us aud we will convince
you of the fact that you can SAVE
money by buying any price of Furni
ture from us.
LARGEST STOCK, LOWEST PRICES, BEST GOOL>8.
G. F. TOLLY & SOW, Depot Street.
UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.
Bed Room Suites, Side Boards,
Baby Carriages, Go Carts,
Rockers, Chairs, Safes,
Rugs, Mattings, Etc., Etc,,
Jan be found at a Cheaper Price at the
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
Than anywhere else.
COFFINS and CASKETS.
Why Not Give Yonr House a Coat of
MAW PAIMT ?
You can put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house would not cost you more
?^rve 01? Six Dollars!
Orr-Gray & Co.
COLEMAN ? WAGENER HARDWARE CO.,
(SUCCESSOR TO C. P. POPPENHBIM,)
863 KINO STREET..CHARLESTON, S. ?.
SHELF HARDWARE A SPECIATTY.
- AGENTS FOR
Buckeye Mowers, BriDley Plows, Oliver Chilled Plows
GEORGE A. WAGENER, President.
GEORGE Y. COLEMAN, Yioe President.
I G. BALL, Secretary and Treasurer.
BL?GESMiTE ??B WOODWORK SHOPS !
THE undersigned, having succeeded to the business of Frank Johnson
& Co., will continue it at the old stand, and solicits the patronage of the publia
Repairing and Repainting promptly executed.
We make a specialty of "Goodyear," dubber and Steel Horse Shoeing
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ready for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm Wagon
that we especially invite your attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business
Church Street, Opposite Jail. J. P. TODDS
NOW is the time to make a selec
tion of a
The "Kroeger" is the perfection o?
mechanical construction, and for artis
tic tone quality has no equal. Don't
be talked into paying a fancy price
for a cheap instrument, but see me
about prices. I can sell you the very
best at an exceedingly low price.
Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines.
Machine Needles 20c. per dozen.
91. IJ. WILLIS,
Next to Door Peoples Bank.
Acme Paint and Cement Cure
Specially used on Tin Hoofs
arti Iron Work of any kind.
2Tor salo hy
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GRAYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson? S, C.