Newspaper Page Text
Gen. Wade Hampto
Ui\4. j/MU. oci ut?? v. vuuicia umiuun i
Out ia the broiling duo, no water and
no medicine; you may know I suffer
ed. So much so, indeed, that I
.thought very little and oared less
about a Northern prison. We fi nady
?ame to a stream of water where the
lieutenant filled my canteen and we
again rested for a short while. After
dark we overtook the regiment where
it bivouacked for the night. Most of
the drinking water procured by us on
this march was from wells along the
roadside. We would tie on the chain
from a long pole or sweep twenty-five
or thirty cant?eos and the water being
drawn from the well so rapidly and in
such quantity that it beoame too mud
dy and impure for health, and still it
was the beat and only water we oould
Our horses often suffered for water.
The following day I got permission to
go to a hospital in Richmond. I rode
into the city some time during the
day, haying no idea of goiog to a hos
pital. Io a short time I WAS with my
brother, Catlett Conway, who had
been severely wounded in Pickett's
charge at Gettysburg, and was then
doing light duty with General Kom
per, who was also wounded at the
same time and place. I walked about
the city with him, got a good dinner
and felt better. At about 4 o'clock
in the afternoon I informed my broth
er that I had a longing desire to go
home and that I intended to do so,
notwithstanding my weakness. He
begged me not to do so, and stated
that it would be impossible for mc
without a pass to get out of thc city.
1 told him that the resources of a
oavalryman were many and that I
would risk it for the sake cf being
with my home folks again. It was 90
miles to my home at the foothills of
the fautif ul Clue Ridge mountains,
and i hare I knew that the cool brcer.es
&nd;jm. . water would hasten my re
covery. T. bade 'him good-bye and
mounti .4 my horse rode out on the
|i ?eoh?u?osville turnp'Va. Passing the
river hue jt pickles WUJ did not ques
tion my sight of way, I continued
n's Cattle Raid IsTear
Lt in 1804:.
M?O. "mino u. L>aui>, near naccoon
Ford, Culpepper county, Va.
After thc death of Gen. Jeb Stuart
on the 12th of May, 1864, at Yellow
Ta vera, General Hampton became the
commander of the cavalry of the Army
of Northera Virginia. Soon after
General James H. Wilson's raid on
the 21st of June, 1864, and the
Nance's shop fight on the 24th, I left
thc command and did net join them
again until Fitz Lee's division went
into tho valley, some time in August
Now comes the "cattle raid." This
raid is familiar to many of Hampton's
old command, but there were other
bodies of cavalry not under his imme
diate command, and I am sure that
all vi our old soldiers will be glad to
have an account of it. Therefore, for
the benefit of all who may be inter
ested in this famous of all raids, I
shall quote from ''Well's Hampton
and his Cavalry in 1804." This was
considered one of the most daring and
dangerous raids made by any cavalry
commander during thc civil war, and
hence deserves more than an ordinary
notice. I am sorry that I was not
with them. Mr. Edward L. Wells
has given us such an acourato aud en
tertaining account of the raid that I
therefore reproduce that part of his
book and in his own language. He
"Near Coggins' Point, cn the James
river, less thau five miles east of City
Point and opposite to Westover, was
a large herd of cattle belonging to the
Army of the Potomac. City Point
was the headquarters of the Army of
the Potomac, and in order to locate
these cattle, Hampton employed trusty
scouts. On the morning of tho 14th
of September Hampton moved out
upon the expedition from his position
south of Petersburg. He took with
him W. H. F. Lee's division, Rosser's
and Dearing's brigades and 100 men
from Young's and Demorant's bri
gades. He marohed as far as Wilkin
son's bridge and bivouacked for the
night. Making an early start the
next morning, bearing nearly north,
reached during the day Cook'a bridge
on the Blackwater river. This brough?,
him south of Coggin'? Point and ouly
about ten miles from where he intend
ed to break through their picket
guards. After constructing a bridge,
and about midnight, he crossed the
"Sycamore Churoh was'about two
miles ahead and the largest detach
ment of the enemy to the herd of cat
tle were near it. To thc right and left
of this point were smaller bodies of
Federals. Rosser was assigned the
central attack, after accomplishing
which he was to proceed to appropriate
and carry away the prospective beef
"W. II. F. Lee's division waa to
drive av/ay the force to the left and
to it wa? entrusted the task of hold
ing the roads from City Point. Dear
ing wa.s near Sycamore Churoh, and
when he heard thc firing there, was to
dash into and demolish a post about
three miles from Fort Powhatan on
thc James, and hold thc roads leading
to the fort to prevent attack from that
"At 5 o'clock a. m. General Rosser
j attacked. Thc videttes were driven,
; but the main body, a regimcut, tho
First District of Columbia cavalry,
rallied behind barricades in very good
style. However, Rosser lost no time,
but made short work of them, anni
hilating the regiment-all not killed,
wounded or captured, making oil in
every direction, spreading consterna
tion throughout the neighborhood and
exaggerated accounts of the numbers
of the raiders.
"As soon as W. H. F. Lee's and
Dearing's people heard the firing thej
commenced their part of the program
dispersing or riding down everythinj
they met. They then held the roads
as directed, thus preventing assist
auce being sent to the central post
and drove away or took all thc cou
riers whom they could lay hands OD
Rosser seDt forward a detachment ti
secure the cattle, which they quickl;
did, overpowering the guard of 12'
men and herdsmen. Many horse
were also taken, ll wagoos, three Hag
and the beeves, numbering 2,-lG?
Three camps were burned, a considei
abie quantity of valuable stores an
blankets carried off, and more dt
stroyed. All this was no easy mattel
but it was thoroughly done in a bus
ness-like manner without undue hast
yet without loss of time. Everytbin
had been well arranged before bane
and was carried out without a mb
take. The troopers became for tl
occasion amateur cowboys, and goc
ones, too. The Federal herders of tl:
cattle proved very useful, and serve
their new masters as well and appa
ently as readily as if these had bec
their original employers.
I "When the oxen would becou
troublesome, showing an inolinath
to stray into the fields and make d
lay, Lhe herders, cracking their loi
lashes, sounded like pistol shol
would quickly bring them back, thouj
it must be confessed a trooper alwa
rode alongside with a handy weap>
I to insure loyalty.
? "But everything ran smoothly ai
j the sight would havo gladdened t
I heart of a Highland chieftain of t
olden time, but his best lift won
have been insignificant compared
i this. While all of this was going
in the most cheerful manner for t
raiders, the greatest consternan
and bewilderment were prevailing
"By pre-arrangement with Gene
Lee a demonstration was made alo
the line of his army, bodies of troo
were moved about as though a gene
attack would be made.
"Federal headquarters made t
wires hot with telegrams and courh
were sent galloping for dear life w
dispatches. General Grant was te
porarily absent at Harper's Ferry o<
IT MUST COME.
As inevitable as the changing seasons
the year ia the change which comes
every woman. And just as one ant
pates the changes of other seasons I
rv, wise to anticip
p^P)5V?s?'^*>v this change of ?
LTXj8011 011 d prepare
\j5sJB??^?m\\ it- *n this way
*rm^A\ffS(^F^r^y\ \ discomforts a
A^raNfaf^Sre JU ] disasters suffe
(a IBBy^uiTvffi J D7 many woniei
? IMBF-N. J*WA9 period
VTOH? ! J?^ / vo"te I*rescript
Vvttwt j Itu/ a medicine
/ fm?v\ ~ \ \R T > every season
/ /JT^?2-\ HUI woman's life>
I W \ W\ ent"*ly meet
^x. \ \W\ necds?f wome:
III ^K^^Sli * period
\^ MB I and nieves
I V.?amga?fjf I mental anxiety
- depression usu
associated with this critical period,
tranauilizes the- nerves, encourages
appetite and induces refreshing slee
J. J?. Carlisle, Rsa., of Mn tidiest cr, Coff?
Tenn., writes : "1 have been using your t
cities for the last sixteen or eighteen yea
my Poor-house. I nm superintendent o
Coffee Countv Poor-house and Asylum comb
Your . Favorite Prescription,' ' Golden M<
Discovery' and 'Pleasant Pellets' are th?
medicines for the diseases for which the
recommended, that 1 ever used. They 1
my wife's life at the time of * change ol Ul
have been recommending your medidi
many afflicted women and have also guara
that if lt did not cure I would pay bael
moncv spent for it. I have told our drv
that if thc people came back and said I
Pierce's medicines did not give satlsfscti
riv* them okeh their money aid charge it 1
I have not once been called upon to refui
have never found anything to equal the ' Fa
Prescription ' for diseases of women."
.Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Me
Adviser is sent free on receipt of sti
to pay expense of mailing only.
ai one-cent stamps for the paper co'
book, or 31 stamps for the cloth bc
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, 1
suiting with Sheridan, theo in the
Shenandoah Valley, but he had a very
unpleasant quarter of an hour. And
poor Kautz, suoh of hin cavalry as had
been met by Hampton having been
demolished and sent scurrying in all
direotions. Kaut? sent a message
that he has information Hampton's
force is 14,000 (!> strong. 'Trusty
citizens report cn ?m?nense force.
Meade estimates 6,000. Humphries,
ehief of staff, informs Kautz that he
can reinforce him with a division of
infantry anda battery of artillery, but
by that time the bird had flown. The
alarm really became almost pathetic.
"Hampton retired toward the Black
water river and before reaching thc
stream had reunited all the portions
of his command and then quietly
crossed. Rosser held the Jerusalem
plank-road about 13 miles south of
Petersburg. Here he was attacked
by Gregg and Kautz, but easily re
pelled them. So he held thc road and
thc cattle were sent 2 miles in the
rear to thc south and were safely gol
across the \ottoway river at Free
man's ford aud all brought 'home.'
That night, and for many a day after
wa*ds, there were plenty of sardines
and other canned food, pickets anc
many things esteemed luxuries h]
poor fellows who had eaten nothing
but bacon and flour, and too little o
that, for months past. They h ru
marched 100 miles in three days
Thc prisoners captured amounted t
304 und Hampton's losses were 1
killed and 47 wounded and 4 missing
"Grant ic a dispatch to Meade call
thc captures 'a rich haul,' and so the
were. Those- 2,408 beeves were
Godsend to the army-"Hampton'
Steaks," as they were termed. Thc
were fine, large oxen.
"On returning to his headquartei
Hampton received a note from Gei
eral Lee in which he writes:
" 'I have received your report i
the result of your operations, and bi
to express my high appreciation
the skill and boldness you have di
played, and my gratification at yo
handsome and valuable success. Yi
will please convey to the officers ai
men of your command my thanks f
the courage and energy with whi?
they have executed your orders, 1
which they have added another io i
list of important services render
by the cavalry during the present ca
"Mr. Wells gives the credit of
eating thc beeves to Sergeant Shad
bourn, of thc Jeff Davis Legion. Ser
geant Hogan, in charge of Butler's
Scouts, also did excellent service.
"As long as the beef lasted I ari
sure that our men enjoyed tbe fresh
meat. Now, let's see ?bout how long
it lasted, allowing one pound of beef
per day to the man. For the sake of
round numbers, bay that there were
2,500 cattle at 1,000 pounds to the
steer, which gives us 2,509,000 pounds
of mer.t, and at 10 cents per pound
you can see that Uncle Sam furnished
the Confederates the snm of $25,000.
Assuming that General Lee had 50,
000 men around Petersburg, and di
viding 2,500,000 pounds by 50,000 it
given UH fifty days in which to con
sume all of the beef at one pound per
day to the man, making nearly two
months that our troops enjoyed
Hampton's beefsteak. In my last
article, in speaking of Sherman's wan
ton destruction of property in South
Carolina, I had inadvertently wrote
Charleston, when I intended Colum
bia."-Dr. William B. Conway, Cor
poral Co. C, Fourth Regiment Va.
Cavalry, Athens, ic Atlauta Journal.
mm . m --
- Striking proof of the efficacy of
vaccination comes from Porto Rico.
Up to 1800 their1 was an aunu?l death
rate from smallpox of over 000. In
that year, in four months. 860,000
vaccinations were made. Since then
the mortality from smallpox has been
but two per annum in a population of
about a million.
- It's funny, but black-haired wo
men want their hair to be red, and
gray-haired women theirs to be black.
- First young married couples
learn to quarrel and then not to.
ffiWffil Toa can mnke your bar- /flKSffBr
IMWlMl tiesa as soft as a glove \aJff9fSBft
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mmm In cons-?ll mixta. WM
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PRICE, S1.00. ??WSl
EVAITS PHARMACY Special Agents.
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Packing of all kinds
Wood Split Pulley*. Shaftiug, &c.
Everything ueedei by the tu*u iuntiing machinery eau be fmud iu . ur
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THE CASK, GROCER.
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LITTLE FOrlTO RICO CIGARS,
The above Ci ar- are tie b-fct ur the money on the market.
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