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pearly Everything :
The tired city man who turns long
ingly to thoughts of "tho old farm"
f bis boyish memories and is impell
ed to go tbere or to some place as near
ly resembling it as fray be that, like
Antaeus, of the ola?sio fable, ho may
recuperate his watted energies by
once more touobing Mother Earth,
would do well to forget all traditions
of pastoral life or prepare himself for
the shock of a great disappointment.
Tbe man with the hoe, the sturdy
jrtist of the scythe and cradle, the
6ower who went forth to sow with a
bar of seed around his neck, the mus
cular ploughman whoso strong hands
kept the implement from turning flip
flaps when its pjint struck a root, the
tripping milk maid oaroling a song
all these and many other familiar ob
jects which the city man inseparably
associates with the old farm bear about
the same relation to the modern farm
.lat thc traditional sailorman of the
days of wind-propelling craft bears
to the coal passer or the oiler in, the
shaft alley of the modern steamship.
The best education for the up-to
date farmer is a course in mechanical
engineering. His barn is no longer
the barn of the poets, with great
wind-swept floor spaces under fragrant
mows. It more resembles a store
bouse for miscellaneous maohioery.
Its pervading odor is the smell of ma
chine oil, and one makes his way about
in it with circumspection, unless in
different to torn clothing and abraded
Scythe and cradle hang rusting on
pegs in out-of-the-way places; the flail,
which erstwhile made merry music on
the barn floor, has become bric-a-brao.
tobe decorated with ribbons and stood
in a corner; hoe, mattock, spade-in a
word, everything familiar and typioal
of man's contest with the soil-which
still does, and always did, show great
er aptitude for growing weeds than for
raising useful and profitable crops-is
relegated to disuse, and if still discov
ered, only serves to remind one that
even in farming the fashion of this
world paBseth away.
In breaking the soil for planting the
familiar plough, whioh gave even a
strong man plenty to do in managing
it ard his team, has largely given
place to the reversible sulky plough,
on which the farmer rides as comfort
ably as on a wagon seat, and whioh he
controls by levers actuated by his
foot, leaving his hands free to man
ige his horses, his cob pipe, or his
cigarette, if he prefers.
With thia he does much better
work than with the plough of ancient
times, does it more quickly and with
mach less energetic vocif?ration-set
to speak of profanity. He is not
nearly as picturesque when thus en
gaged as. when holding down the
plough handles, and occasionally tak
ing an aerial flight over the heads of
his horses when tho old furrow ripper
struck a snag and turned over; but he
accomplishes more and puto his im
mortal sou. in lesa imminent peril.
But it does not realise the ideals. '
Imagine Bums writing his "Ode to a
DaiBy" while sitting cross-legged on
the seat of a sulky plough 1 Even
this, however, is.menanoed by the
power gang plough, and perhaps with
in another year or two the farmer will
Bit on his veranda and control the
movements of his ploughs by means of
a switchboard. -His ploughing finish
ed, the farmer proceeds to pulverise
and smooth his land. Time was when
he dragged it with ? harrow of scrap
iron, his team straining every muscle
to move the ponderous and ungainly
construction, whioh had an inconven
ient habit of ooming to pieces in mid
field. If it "harrowed up" the land,
it did the same to the soul of the
operator. To say that it "went every*
bow" was to desoribe its motions,
when it went at all, in words perfectly
intelligible to the farm laborer.
The farmer now mounts the seat of
tbe sulky harrow, flicks a fly off the
flank of his off horse and away he
goes. The maohine pulverizes and
smooths the soil muoh better than it
was formerly done. Here, toe. the
horse is menaced with displacement as
? prime motor. ?s a mechanical pro
position oats and ha; 'are even less
economical as fuel than anthracite in
In fertilizing his land the modern
farmer haa the advantage of tho work
?f the chemist who provides just what
U needs in the form most convenient
'or application by machinery. The
unspeakable operations connected
with the hand distribution of barn
I wu compost are no longer necessary.
If thia material is used the labor of
spreading it is performed automatical
ly by a maohine which effeots a desic
cation and cSeil .bution unattainable
hy hand implements. The 'quarter
?ere of reeking quagmire, once known
** the bara yard, through whioh one
*B6t wade ankle deep in crossing it,
Now Being Done By
has ^appeared from tho modern
farm, for which every one having oc
casion to visit it, and who brio?) with
him some respect for his shoe*, may
devoutly give thanks. Composting
and ensilage conserve the nitrogen
ous components ' of barn yard ooie
muoh better than was doue when they
were left to "weather."
For planting there is a machine for
every kind of seed, cunningly design
ed, well bnilt and perfectly adapted to
the work for which it is intended. It
makes no mistakes, never skips an
inoh, BOWS no more thioker in one
plaoe than in another, and does its
"stunt" with an intelligenoo which
even the impossible Jonas of the Rol
lo books could not have displayed.
For grain and grass the "broadcast
Boeder" is used. This is attached to
an ordinary wagon, and the only hu
man op-operation it requires is keeping
its hopper full. It will distribute all
kinds of dry commercial fertilizers
and will put them just where they
will do most good.
A mechanical grain drill is provided
for such grains as need to be planted
systematically in rows or hills. It is
infallible in its operations and would
plant corn, for example, in the middle
of a me cad am voad if* this was required
of it. Among other attachments it
has a land measure, something like a
cyclometer, wnioh records the acreage
planted and would calculate the yield
if it were not for the elemento! uncer
tainty introduced by weather vicissi
tudes and the variable industry of
erop destroying birds and insects. To
oover the seed it has planted it is
provided with a system pf hoes which
are adjusted to work straight cr zig
A variant of this apparatus weeds
BB well as sows. Still another is the
bean planter, which is quite remarka
ble in its intelligence, soto speak. It
drills the hole in the ground, plants
the beans, covers them, and marks the
position of the next row at one opera
tion. It will even alternate oom and
beans, turn and turn about, or plant
oom or beans, distribute fertilizer and
oover everything impartially. In fact,
it will do anything for which the far
mer has the intelligence to adjust it.
The potato planter would make a
farmer of a generation ago sit up and
rub his eyes. It requires that the
potatoes be supplied, but will do all
the rest of its own initiative. It pioks
the potato up-or seems to-cuts it
into halves, quarters, or any desired
number of parts, separates the eyes
and removes the seed ends. It plants
whole potatoes or parts thereof as de
as near together or as far apart
as the judgment of the farmer on the
driving seat suggests.
Having dropped'the seed it covers
it, fertilizers it, tuoks itin like a child
put to bed, and paces off the next row
with, mathematical aeeuraoy. With a
phonograph attachment it might even
repeat? the familiar invocation, "Now
I lay me," etc., if any advantage was
discoverable'therefrom in the oase of
Certain vegetables, notably toma
toes, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, let
tuce and some others, need to be start
ed in oold frames, and transplanted
for the practical business of growing.
For this purpose there is a plant-set
ting machine, which will handle a
sprout as if it loved it, establish it in
its new environment, gather the earth
tenderly about its roots, give it a co
pious drink of- water from a tank it
carries, and oover from four to six
acres in a day. The transplanting is
done so quickly that the plant is said
to be established in its new position
before it realizes the fact that it has
boen moved or has time to become
The various operations generically
known as "cultivating" were once the
bane of the farmer's existence. For
them he needed a hickory baok with
sole leather hinges and frequent stim
ulation from the awitchel jog. The
hoe wrs his implement of greatest
encrai utility. With it he destroyed
the weeds, loosened the soil, shaped
up the hills, and did many other
laborious and extremely monotonous
It waa, moreover, discouraging
work. He could only ric it by day
light, whereas the weeds kept growing
night and day, and by the time he
had finished the last row of his field,
behold, the weeds wem a foot high at
the point where he had begun and he
must do it all over again.
Now he has a maohino for each and
every operation of crop tending, with
a driver's seat as comfortable as that
of a backboard. These machines
seem to know a weed from a crop plant
intuitively, and while they will snake
the former out by the roots without
compunction, they pass the plant un
harmed-provided, of course, it is
i growing in its proper place. Some of
these machines will do almost . any
thing ezeept entertain the farmer
while at work with agreeable and in
structive conversation; but they have
been highly apo o i ali zed, and for every
operation connected with the tending
of every kind of crop there is some
one raaohine whioh performs it a little
botter than any other.
When the crop is ready for gather
ing mechanism is seen at its ti st.
The perfection of the modern reaper
and binder is illustrated by an acci
dent which occurred this year in Illi
nois. A farmer had driven his reap
er into the edge of a field ready - for
outting and dismounted from his seat
to got a drink of oider.
While thus oooupied the horses
took fright at something and ran
away. They tore round and round
the field, cutting a full swath with
every jump, gathering up the grain,
binding it with twine and tossing the
bundles to one side. Before the team
was caught it had covered sir and a
half acres, leaving only patches here
and there to be gone over. This was
accomplished in something less than
With a team of New York fire de
partment horses a farmer could do
wonderful things in the harvesting
line. Mowing by ? machinery is no
longer a novelty, and the old-time
champion mower who onoe led the
gang disposed in eohelon, and whose
compensation was gauged by the
"lick" he could maintain, now bangs
over the fence and makes sarcastic re
ferences to "new-fangled methods bf
In the hay field sweet Maud Muller
and her oongeners are seen no more
raking or tossing. The sulky rake
and tender will turn and spread the
hay crop of four acres in an hour.
Maud Muller bas become a. typical
summer girl whom no right-minded
Judge j would consider interesting.
Even loading hay on the wagon is non
done by machinery.
With these accessories at the far
mer s command, the oity man who fol
lows him afield to see him perform tue
familiar functions of his oraft would
do wei) to go in a buggy. If he goee
afoot he will not be able to keep up.
Nothing ir as it used to be in thegooc
old days. It may be better, but thai
depends on the point of view. ?i,
Indoors the city man misses ali
that made the farm house a museun
of treasures. The sewing maohim
has usurped the place of the erstwhile
spinning wheel, the brick oven ha
i given plaoe to the portable range, and
I the old blue churn has' made way fo
I the patent device which likes every
element of romauoe or of interest. If
be goes to the milking not even the
hired girl goes with him. He finds a
farm hand performing the operation
by artificially induced vacuum and
pouring the warm milk into a whirli
gig spinster where that ia removed
from it which gives him an uneasy
sensation in the region of the adomi
nal diophragm if he recalls how, in
guileless infancy, he was wont to
drink the fluid dipped at about 90
Fahrenheit from the milkmaid's pail.
Should he wander to the well to ex*
pl?re its crystal depths, look for the
great frog which should be there, and
contemplate sentimentally the o?d
oaken buoket, he finds nothing more
interesting than a flat stone surmount*
ed by a cast-iron lift pump with an
anti-freezing attachment, and realises
that the aforesaid buoket has been
metamorphosed into a lead pipe lead
ing down to the sunless depths where
surface water high in nitrates and ni
trites, aud not free from a well-defin
ed trace of albuminoid ammonia, is
stored. Probably he will not feel
thirsty for water.
Of a truth the old farm is no place
for a city man who cherishes memor
ies of a boyhood rubrioated by annual
vaoation visits to the homestead of
his grandfather.-James G. Bayles, in
New York Sun.
Cures Rheumatism and Catarrh-Medi
?las sent Free.
Send no money-simply write and
try Botanio Blood Balm at our ex
pense. Botanio Blood Balm (B. B.
B.) kills or destroys the poison in the
blood whioh oauses the awful aches in
baok and shoulder blades, shifting
pains, difficulty in moving fingers, toes
or legs, bone pains, swollen muscles
and joints of rheumatism, or the foul
breath, hawking, spitting, droppings
in throat, bad hearing, spooks flying
before the eyes, all played out feeling
of catarrh. Botanio Blood Balm has
oared hundred of cases of 30 or 40
years standing after doctors, hot
opringB and patent medicines had all
failed. Most of these oured patients
had taken Blood Balm as a last resort.
It is especially advised for chronic,
deep* seated cases. Impossible for any
one to suffer the agonies or symptoms
of rheumatism or catarrh while or
after taking Blood Balm. It makes
the blood pure and rich, thereby giv
ing', a healthy blood supply. Cures
are p armament and not a patching up.
Soldi at drng stores, $1 per large bot
tle. Sample of Botanio Blood Balm
freo and prepaid, also special medical j
advice by describing your trou
ble and writing Blood Balm Co., !
Atlanta, Ga. A personal trial of
Blood Balm is better than a thousand
printed testimonials, so write at once.
Sold tu Anderson by Orr Gray Drug
Co., Wilhite & Willi i to and Evans
Splendid Values Tte.
Mm ? '. '
Nothing gives ni such genuine pleasure
as to offer to our Customers One Hundred
Gents worth d^^ue^ for every Dollar !
WE make just as good a profit on an artiole thatfs worth the
money as we do on one that is not worth carrying home. The
first makes ns friends, and now customers, while the last keepB
ns continually in hot water. For this reason, in huying our
NSW STOCK OF DRESS GOODS and SHOES,
We left off the usual side line of '-shoddies" and bought only
the very best quality of Goods for the price. For instance, our
long experience in Shoe Buying and Shoe Selling taught us just
what our best trade demanded in Shoes, and we bought accord
ingly, so that we are enabled* to offer the Newest, Best, most
Substantial and Shapely line of
Ladies and Gentlemen s Shoes
Ever brought to thia market. Wo have an excellent combina
tion Brogan and Dress Shoe for men that we offer for $1.75 that
can't be duplicated elsewhere for $2.00. We have a Lace Wa
ter Proof Calf, half boot, for $2.00 that makes us friends every N
day. We have a most comfortable heavy Kangaroo Man's Calf
lined, that is as full of value at $1.50 as it is full of solid leath
er. Our Stock of Womvu's Shoes \a equally as varied and com
plete as the men's, and we confidently offer them to the trade as
hones ?, well-made gnnds.
We have rect^y added to our Stook a handsome line of
From a cheap packer to *he best$5.00 Trunk. Prospective brides
and grooms, and young la.lies and gentlemen starting to College,
will observe that goods-loxas have gone out of date since our new
prices on Trunks went into efteot, and that the style now is one
of Dean & Kati i ff e's Trunks. .
Speaking of style, there never was a time since the foundation
of the world when
DEAN'S PATENT FLOUR
Wasn't in style. It is still in style, abd the people just cry for
it. Anyone who doubts it can aee for himself by watching
where all the wagons load. . The .people will have our stuff, and
that's what makes us the b.qsiest Store in town.
DEAN & RATUFFE,
THE HOTTEST OF THE HOT.
Anderson, S. C., Aug. 1, 1902.
To the contestants for the prizes
offered by the Anderson Fertilizer
Company for orop of 1901-1902 :
We find thatT. M. Welborn, of Pen
dleton, S. C., has won the first prize
fer the yield of 108.937 bushels from
six sores, and the first prize for yield
of 54.266 bushels from three aeres,
and the first prize for the yield of 183
bushels from one sore.
This orop was grown on land previ
ously planted in cotton ; was prepared
by turning with a two-horse plow, fol
lowed by a two-horse subsoil plow.
One bushel of Bluo Stem wheat was
sown per nero with a wheat drill, ap
plying at the same time 800 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate and Oil Company
10-2 aoid and 200 lbs. cotton seed meal
This toBt is duly signed by tho three
judges, and dated July 1st, 1902
The second prize for ?* e best yield
on six acres is won by AT. Allen J.
Sullivan, of Sullivan, S. C., for tho
yield of bushels.
This crop was grown ou land previ
ously planted in cotton ; was turned
by a two-horse Oliver Chilled Plow to
an average depth of eight to ten inch
es, then harrowed with Tarrant's har
row, thon sown with Farmer's Favorito
seed drill, applying one bushel Ken
tucky Red Wheat per acre, at the samo
time applying 340 pounds of Standard
Fertilizer per acre, manufactured by
the Anderson Phosphate and Oil Co.
Mr. Sullivan says that ho used acid
on another piece of ground, but got
better results where he used Ammoni
This ie dated July 9,1902, and prop
erly signed by th? judges.
. The second prize for the best yield
on one acre is won by Mr. M. B. Rich
ardson, of Pendleton, S. C., being 161
bushels. Mr. Richardson grew this
orop where he previously had cotton.
He plowed up the stalks, and ran over
the land with a cutaway harrow ; then
j turned deep with a two-horse plow,
I applied 600 pounds of Anderson Phos
I phate and Oil Co's. 16 per cent aoid
I to an aore, and ran the smoothing har
row over it : then sowed three-quarter
bushel of Blue Straw Wheat to the
acre, applied 200 pounds of meal to
the aore, and plowed in with side har
row, fellowed with smoothing harrow.
This communication is dated July
7th, 1902, and properly signed by the
Mr. L. O. Dean, of Dean, S. C., ?B
the winner of the third prize for the
best yield on one acre, having thresh
ed 15} bushels from one aore. He is
also the winner of the second prize for
the three aore contest, having raised 48
bushels. Mr. Dean is also the winner
of the third prize for the best yield on
six acres, having threshed 96* bushels,
Mr. Dean raised this crop where he
had oats and peas sown tho year before.
The land was turned with a two-horse
turn plow five or six inches deep, then
harrowed with a 20-inoh solid diso har
row. This was followed with an Acme
harrow, which was followed by a plank
drag. He then applied 200 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate & Oil Company's
16 per cent. Aoid Phosphate and 150
pounds of cotton seed meal and 15 lbs
of Muriate of Potash through a Farm
ers' Favorite Grain Drill on Nov. 5th;
the same application was made on Nov.
6th. and then on Nov. 12th he sowed
lt bushels of Blue Straw Wheat to
the acre through a Farmers' Favorite
This rr ^munioation is dated July 1,
1902,and pi operly signed by the judges.
ANDERSON PHOSPHATE &? OIL CO. U
Gar load of the celebrated Studeba
! ker Wagons just arrived. Car load
of Tennessee and Old Hickory and
Piedmont Wagons also on hand.
Prices right, ume and see un.
JOS. J. FRET WELL.?
Oct 1. 1902 16 4
COLLECTING time is at baud,
and I take this method of notifying
all parties owing roe that I ^must
make all collections in full, and un
less you arrange same soon I will
send a collector to see you.
J. a FOWLER.
Sept 24, 1902. ? 14_
I have just received a Car Load of j
the Celebrated, High Grade MIL
BURN WAGONS. If you need a
Wagon call and see them. They are
built right, and will please you.
J. 8. FOWLER.
ClMnnca ?nd beautifier the nair.
Promote? a luxuriant growth.
Haver Fall? to Bettore O ray
Hal* to itu Youthful Color.
Cur? ?filp altea?*? j^halr inJUcg.
Biim BAA opium, laudanum,
t?AI Wl^gg>_ leflilr of opium, co
1% BIBBS ?.?as or whiskey, a
BB BBB flfl l-W book ot par
BBS ESS tlculara on home or
B 9 BB BBB u-natorlutn treat
9 ?^??? tsent. Address, B.
AND M. WOOLLEY CO.,
Whisks; Cure K?FttSS:
Notice of Final Settlement.
THE undersigned, Administratrix of
Estate of James K. Robinson, dee'd, here
by gives nottce that she will on Friday,
31>t day of October, 1902, apply to the
Judge of Probate for Anderson County,
M. C., for a Final Settlement of said Es
tate, and a discbarge from her office aa
CYNTHIA. A. ROBINSON, Adm'x.
Oct 1. 1902_15_5_
JNotice ot Final Settlement.
THE undersigned. Administratrix ol
Estate of Calhoun Newton, deo'd, here
bv gives notice that she will on the 10th
day of October, 1902, apply to the Judge
of Probate of Anderson County, 8. C.,
for a Final Settlement of said Estate,
and a discharge from her oftlco as Ad
MARY ALICE NEWTON, Extr*x.
Sept 10,1902 12 6*
"^^l^^^^^ ZV?*. 0*?*T r\ trat? fit UfWraSetcr Ch,?d *?.<t ^ki^*
?fcrfH? . 7 at Unigg?St?* TEETHING EASY.
gg?a^yfy^a?aBOr ?0*11 ?& CCBU t? C. ?J. MOPPSTT. M. D., OT. LOUIS. MO.
ATHtiTA. Ott., Nor 19. 13?0.
We h?vo handled Br. Moffatt'- TEKTHIM A (Toethlns Powder? ) erer ilnco Ita Ont Introduction to Ul? pobUo
td tr*do M a proprietary madlcln?, en d ?.tr trod o in lt bu et? ?dil y I nc rewed from yeer to yt ar until oar ords?
>w usotAtto two or tare? hundred ?TOS? ?xv year, which ti ? Terr (troux evidence ot 1U merit ?nd th? sall ifs ctioo it
gi rina to the asoU-.r. al tho coutii y, for th? jr uy nothing lo effectually counwrtcu tho effect* of tho ?ummcr'e
Mian or ororoomM M Quickly tb? UOOMM Undent to tee&lnj.
_T Hi LAM AK it RANKIN DRUG CO.. Wholeeel? D.-J g ?i'la.
WE have prepared for Hard Times
by buying the LARGEST Stock of
Ever in Anderson, and have bought
at Hard Times Prices. There will be
uo Hard Times for you when you buy
from us, for we have thc prices lower
than you have ever heard of them be
fore, and you can now buy two dol
lars worth of Furniture for one.
Come to see us and we will convince
you of the fact that vou can SAVE
monoy by buying any price of Furni
ture from us.
LAUGEST STOCK, LOWEST PRICES, BEST GOODS.
C. F. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street.
UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.
Bcd Boom Suiter, Side Boards.
Lounges. Ti ? rd robes,
Baby Carriages, Co Carts,
Rockers, Chairs, Safes,
Bugs, Mattings, Etc., Etc,,
Can be found at a Cheaper Price at the
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO
Than anywhere else.
COFFINS and CASKETS.
Why Not Give Your House a Coat of
You can put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house .would not cost you more
Five or ?ix Dollars!
Orr-Gray & Co.
HOME SEEKER EXCURSION RATES
The Western and Atlantic Railway and Nashville, Chat
tanooga and St. Louis Railway,
To points in Texas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory and Missouri. Solid vesti
buled trains between Atlante and Memphis. Only one change of cars to
piincipal western cities. Vary lc ,v rates to all points North, Northwest and
West Best service and quickest time via the Scenic TU-ttlefield Route.
For schedules, rates, maps or any information, writ?
JOHN E. SATTERFI ELD,
Traveling Passenger Agent, No. 1 Brown Building*, Atlanta, Ga.
Sept 10, 1902 13 6m
BLACKSMITH AHE WOODWORK SHOPS !
THE undersigned, having succeeded to the business of Frank Johnson
& Co., will continue it at the old stand, and solicits the patronage of the publia
Repairing and Repainting promptly executed.
We make a specialty of "Goodyear," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ready for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm Wagon
that we especially invite your attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business
Church Street, Opposite Jail. J. P. TODD.
NOW is the time to make a selec
tion of a
The "Kroeger" is the perfection o?
mechanical construction, and for artis
tic tone quality has no equal. Don't
be talked into paying a fancy price
for a cheap instrument, but see me
about prices. I can sell you the very
best at an exceedingly low price.
Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines.
Machine Needles 20c. per dozen.
Sf. li. WILLIS,
Next to Dour Peoples Hunk.
Acme Paint and Cernent Cure,
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GR AYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.