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The P^ield of Bull Kui
as S eon by a !N
How would you like to bc a farmer,
andas you were tilling your quiet fields
read on painted wooden signs about j
the size of guideboards on a country ;
road and attached here and there to j
trees and other objects, such inscrip- ;
tiona aa these?
"Colonel Cameron waa killed here, ?
July 21, 1861."
Lieutenant Ramsay, of Rickett's [
Battery waa killed here, July 21, j
"Here Jackson was wounded and
got the title of 'Stonewall.' "
"General Bee was killed here, July
"Colonel Bartow was killed here,
July 21, 1861."
"Colonel Thomas, of Joseph E.
Johnstone's staff, wa killed here,
"Colonel Fisher, of the Sixth North
Carolina Regiment, was killed here,
July 21, 1861."
' "Lieutenant Manguir, of the Sixth
North Carolina Regiment, waa killed
here, July 21, 1861."
"Location of the cavalry charge on
Fire Zouaves, July 21, 1861."
"Wade Hampton was wounded here,
July 21, 1861."
And yet this must be thc experience
of tho tenant of the celebrated Henry
farm, a few milea out of towri. These
signs, moreover, yield or at least ex- I
plain, a source of his side income
which ia unlike perhaps that of any
rt'er farmer in the United Statea.
'Last year the visitors turned me iu
$18," waa the remark when question -
cd aa to the number of viaitora who
walked over his fielda and read the
signboards on what would otherwise
be one of the quietest and most com
monplace of Virginia farms. The
Government does not own the field of
Bull Run, although repeated efforts
have been made to have it pure? are
enough of the property to throv, pen
to tho public, without charge, the
ground made famous by the first bat
tle of tho Civil War.
There is, however, a certain simpli
city and appropriateness in the pres
ent arrangement; just as the two vol
unteer armies of that great struggle
returned to the peaceful pursuits of
civil life, so the lands on which they
fought have returued to the peaceful
pursuits of the days of the long pa&t.
The owners of the Henry farm charge
50 cents to eaoh visitor; and as already
indicated, the number is not large.
The man who rents the farm realizes
that thia responsibility is the source
of some trouble to him, and also of a
little income, and BU tho arrangement
ia reciprocal. Were the Government
to buy these acres it would be UJCOB
aary to paya man something of a sal
ary to oare for them, and while there
would be more marking in the way of
expensive tablets and military monu
ments than now, it is doubtful if these
would tell any moro effectively the
story of Ball Run than the simple
signboards which are here today.
There has always been something
rather weird and grewsome about the
field of Bull Run. Although it was
not a large battle, its soeoe ex
hibits more of the horrible phases of
war than most of the others, and as
one of tho chief objoots of all battle
field memorials should be tho discour
agement of war perhaps this accom
plishes that purpose more surely than
do the grander settings of the more
finished fields, like Gettysburg and
Chickamauga. At Bull Run today,
the tenant-guide leads his visitors to
a cedar tree that grew so much faster
?luau the others about there, in the
..common observation of tho boys of thc
Henry family, that an investigation
i was made, revealiug that it had grown
over the remains of un unknown sol
dier, which had not been carried away
to Arlington with the others.
In burrowing about that Ireerecent
Jy the guide brought out a jiwboue,
which be exhibited; this was evident
ly kept there io the lojse earth for il
.?luBtralive purposes, and there are
many other such grewaonie things. It
is out unusual today to pick up a bul
let from the ^ound, and the trees
about here +i out up for fuel, reveal
many a soar of the great battle.
When the Grand Army encampment
meets in Washington, a speoial train
will be run to Manaosas and arrange
ments made for conveying ita passen
gers across country to this field. The
five miles between the village and the
Henry farm are "pretty fierce," but
probably more to-day than they will
be in the fall the hardened mud ruts
whioh now occasion most of the jolts
will wear down in the long, dry sum
mer, so that by September or Ootobei
?the, road .may be described as merely
4tt>au. ' It is said that when a dele
gation . f English military students,
acoompiuicd by, their instructora,
came here a few years ago, in making
a tonr of the famous battlefields of onr
//Civil War as a study in field strategy,
a as it -A.ppears Today,
thc thing which impressed them most
was thc new meaning they acquired of
"roads" and "turnpikes." When they
had read in their historical works of
the Warrcnton pike or the Centreville
road, they hud pictured un English
highway on which soldiers might
march in company front: when they
cann' to sec the actual Virginia roads
of fame, their conception of our war
underwent one decided change.
Tho difficulties in getting at a place
of this kind afford the chief discour
agement for its purchase by tho Gov
ernment for park military purposes.
It ia a rather heroic trip, for a short
one, even, to get from Washington,
the nearest city to Bull Run; train
couuections are such that it must be
made with great expedition to get
back into the city early on the same
day, or else with a delay into evening
before starting back. Locally, of
course, thc nationalizing of the farm
would be a great advantage, and per
haps when the electric trolley reaches
thin town from Washington such a
park might make an objective point
for a good many tourists; but. even
then, why does not the present fifty
cent arrangement fairly answer most
It is an interesting question how
attentive students the generations of
the futur.! will he of the detailed mili
tary movements of the Civil War. A
few fundamental facts about Bull Run
will survive with all well-informed
people. The railroad junction reach
ing dangerously near Washington,
which thc Confederates desired to keep
open, will romain and its part in pro
voking thc contest will be remember
ed. Thc sensational effects which the
news of the first defeat produced on
thc North cuunot be dissociated from
popular recollection. The singular
coincidence by which two considera
ble battles were fought ou thc same
ground, the second one more thun a
year after, but with lines absolutely
reversed, thu Federals holding terri
tory which thc Confederates had held
in the earlier engagement, will always
give the field au added interest. But
bcyood these thiugs, how many of tho
generutious now unborn are going to
care to kuow where this man'? divis
ion came in and another's regiment
dashed forth? This is the chief criti
cism of the detailed marking of our
great battlefield parks.
While its language will still be un
derstood, most of the facts and terms
recorded will be little moro than hier
oglyphics to the distant future. An
exception should, of course, be made
of students of strategy, of military
critics and of the really painstaking
readers of American history.
Still the plans of Mr. George C.
Round, who has this battlefield pro
ject in charge, are by no means elab
orate. He says :
''I think the land should be kept
exaotly as it now is, and substantially
as it was before the war, with the ex
ception of two or three convenient
roadways and some fencing of a per
manent character. If possible to do
moro I suggest from 50 to 100 perma
nent tablets, in lieu of the wooden
ones erected by the Grand Army com
mittee in 1892. These would give all
the information ordinarily sought by
'*I also suggest two steel towers, one
on Henry Hill and another on Doug
lass Hill, from which tourists could
easily sse the two lines of railroad
and their junotion at Manassas, Fair
fax Courthouse, Centreville Heights
and the whole valley of Bull Run
from Sudley to Union Mills; the bat
tlefields of Blackburn's Ford and
Chantilly ; tho location of Fits John
Porter'6 column and of two battles of
Bristow Station; Thoroughfare Gap,
Hopewell Gap and the whole length
of Bull Run range; to the north could
be seen the vicinity of Ball's Bluff,
the outlines of the Potoraao Valley
and beyond the Sugarloaf Mountain
and the adjaoent hills of Maryland; tc !
the southwest would be seen Warren
ton, the outlines of the Rappahannook
Valley and far beyond the Blue Ridge
for more than a hundred miles. In
faot, the?whole strategy of the cam
paigns of'61, '62 and '63 could be read
as from an open book. If there is any
other part of the world where so many
military operations can be seen and
studied to advantage I do not know
"I believe the whole expense need
not exceed $50,000, and I think it
could bo fairly we'll done for half that
sum. The annual expenditure need
not thereafter exceed $200 or $300 for
a keeper, who could be allowed the use
of the land for grazing and cultivation
under reasonable restrictions.
"Tho inscription, "To the patriots
who fell at Bull Run,' written as it
wes by the ebief of staff of tho com
manding General, is singularly brief
and appropriate. Xot a scintilla of
reflection on those who fought against j
us, but rather, as I prefer to consider
it, a prophecy of the time, now at
hand, when all American soldiers who
died for what they believed right will
oe considered patriots even though
"It is true that since the existing
simple monuments were erected most
of the Union dead have been removed
to Arlington, but they are not all re
moved. The plowman has frequent
ly revealed this fact, though now no
distinction can bo discerned between
friend and foe. The duty of the Gov
ernment, however, is clear, whether
we consider its duty to the owners of
thc soil or its duty to thc dead and
liviug or its duty to itself."
Manassas itself is a surprisingly at
tractive little Southern town. It has
grown up wholly since the war, but it
is laid out like the older Southern
towns about herc, such as Leesburg
and Frcdericksburg, with the shops
aud stores out on the sidewalks, which
are here made of flagstone. A red
granite which is quarried near by ap
pears in the trimmings of all promi
nent buildings. The impression
which most travelers have of Manas
sas is gained by a glimpse from the
express train, whioh usually pulls up
here in the morning just ss they are
waking up in preparation for arrival in
Washington, thirty-three miles away.
This impression is unfortunate, for
the part of the town near the railroad
is not its most promising, and some
body has had the bad taste to plaster
over the sides of a railroad hotel mem
orials of the destruction of tho battle
ship Maine, with a great picture of it,
aud an adjuration to remember the ca
lamity, when there is nothing in this
village to suggest the Maine, and a
world ot interest in another episode,
whioh in au outburst of new patrio
tism the owner of this house strange
ly desires to pass by.-St. Louis He
Tribute to Southern Valor.
Carved ou a monument ai Colum
bia, S. C., dedicated to the memory of
tho dead soldiers of South Carolina, is
the following inscription :
Perpetuates the Memory
of those who,
True to the instincts of their birth,
Faithful to thc teachings of their Fath
Constant in their love for the State,
Died in the performance of their Duty,
Have glorified a fallen cause
By the simple manhood of their lives
And the heroism of Death,
In tho dark hours of imprisonment,
In the hopelessness of the hospital,
In the short, sharp agony of the field,
Found support and consolation
In the belief
That at home they would not be for
Let the Stranger -
Who may in future times
Read this Inscription,
Recognize .nat these were Men
Whom Power could not corrupt,
Whom Death could not terrify,
Whom Defeat could not dishonor,
And let their Virtues plead
For Just Judgment
Of the cause in which they perished,
Let the South Carolinians
Of another generation
That the State taught them
How to live and How to die.
And that from her broken fortunes
She has preserved for her ehildren
The priceless Treasure of their Mem
Teaching all who may olaim
The same Birthright
That Truth, Courage, and Patriotism
The author of this apostrophe was
the late William Henry Tresoot, well
A WOMAN'S PRAYER.
It is notable that in the despondency
caused by womanly diseases? there seems
to many a suffering woman no way of
escape from pain except at the price of
life itself. It would be sad to record
such a story of struggle and suffering ex
cept for the fact
that in such dire
distress many a
found a way
back to health
anti happiuess by
tile usc of Dr.
This ?ree* rein
ed}* for womanly
ills hos well been
called n A god
send to weak and
sick women." It
larity, dries weakening draina, heals in
flammation and ulceration and cures fe
male weakness. It makes weak women
strong and sick women well.
"Your medicine almost raised me from the
dend." write? Mr*. Edwin H. G-fdner, of Egypt,
riyinouth Co., Msw., Uoi. IA. * My trine wa?
like brick dui, and 1 had pa.*a all ovet me and
.^cn it .'...iptfing feeling it seen cd I contd not do
my house work. 1 had to sit di. wn to wish thc
disnea, even, in thc year 1807 ; was *j sick I
did not care to live and prayed many times that
God would take mc. One day I found a Uttle
book. I read it nnd wrote to Lr. Pierce, add In
a few days received on answer. I decided to try
his medicine, and to-day I am a weU woman. I
have r.o backache, no headache, no pain at all.
I used always to have headaches previously to
thc monthly period and such pain that I would
roll on tht floor in ngrony. I took three bottles
of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription nnd three
of'Golden Medical Discovery' and three vials
of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pelleta, aud was com
Accept no substitute for ? Favorite Pre
scription." There is nothing just as good.
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense M Meal
Adviser-sent fret on receipt of stamps
to cover expense of mailing 1 *ty. Send
ai one-cent stamps for thc book in paper
covers; or 31 stamps for the cloth bound
volume. > Address Dr. R. V. Pierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
known in Washington, where he ?pent
many years of his life. Mr. Trcscot
was a South Carolinian by birth, a
scholar of broad attainments, a states
man of conspicuous ability. At va
rious times he was intrusted by the
State department with commissions of
high importance, involving profound
knowledge of public affairs and incor
ruptible fidelity, and these he always
discharged to the grateful satisfaction
of the Government and to his own
honor and renown. He was recogniz
ed on all bands as one of the most
gifted men in political life, a gentle
man of lofty ideals, a patriot of the
purest type. His work was not done
in the limelight of notoriety or to
the accompaniment of newspaper vo
ciferation. It was done brilliantly
and conscientiously, however, and
both at home nod abroad he is re
membered as a publicist of profound
and versatile attainments. In tho in
scription which is quoted above he
discloses his admiration of courage,
devotion, patriotic virtue. Fine as
the attribute is io form, noble as are
its periods and cadences, the inspira
tion that breathes in every line re
veals a reverence for everything that
is best and most excellent ic man.
- It takes a nervous woman to
demonstrate what nerve force really is.
The late Sol Smith Russell often
told of au encounter with the native
of a one-night-stand where he and Lie
company had aoted the previous even
ing. Russell and his companions were
awaiting the train when an elderly
chap with a yarn jacket and in over
alls walked up, eyed the star a minute
or two and asked:
**Be you the feller that cut up ca
pers at Parker's Hall last night?"
"My company and I gave a perfor
mance there last evening-yes," re
plied Russell, politely.
"I thought so! I was there andi
had to laugh sometimes. I wanted to
tell you about my boy. He's just
your way-ain't no good for work.
Won't stiok to anything, but wants to ]
play clown and crack jokes all the
time. He's got a job at the hub fac
tory ; but all he does is keep the men
a-laughin' when they orter be work
in'. You orter take him 'long with
your troupe, for he's the derndestfool
I ever seen!"-Philadelphia Ledger.
- While demolishing an acient
church at Lalinda, near Periguez,
Franco, some workmen found an egg,
apparently in a perfect state of pre*
servation, embeddod in the mortar of
a wall that had been standing fully
Kidney disease ls the enemy we have most to fear
aa a result of the feverish haste of modern civilisation.
It is a treacherous enemy working cmi Its deadly effect
ander cover of such trifling- symptoms aa headache, slight
but persistent backache, dizziness, heart-throbbing, weak
digestion, constipation, frequent or diminished passage of
urine, scalding nrlne, sediment in urine.
PRICKLY ASH BITTERS
ls a kidney medicine of the greatest merit. Its action ia healing
and strengthening, quickly relieves aching or soreness in the
back, checks wasting or decay of the kidneys, corrects the
flow of urine and through ita excellent cleansing and
regulating effect la the stomach. liver and bowels it
speedily restores the strength and raddy glow of
SOLO BY DRUGGISTS,
EVANS PHARMACY Special Agents.
SEED OATS, SEED OATS ?
JUST RECEIVED a Car of TEXAS RED RUST PROOF OATS
for Fall Bowing. Come to see us-will make prices right and eave you money.
SES-D BARLEY AND RYE.
Fl fil ID -Egleheart's Swan Down, one of the beat Patent Flours
i LU Un, on the marker, at 84.60 per barrel. Half Patent Flour,
that will give you entire satiifaction or money.refunded, at 84.00 per barrel
PAFCEC ~Ttn pounds Roasted Coffee for SI 00.
IfUl I tt?-Twelve pounds Oreen Coffee for 81.00.
AA rt I li CC CC-To suit your taste and pocket, from 25c. to 60c.
mULAOdtb per gallon. ^
BLA' K MARIA CHEWING TOBACCO ia the best.
Dc9" Come to see un. We want a liberal anare of your trade.
WHIFE FRONT-WOUTH SQUARE.
ANDERSON CASH GROCERY COMPANY.
RUBBER ami LEATHER BELT in all widths.
Our celebrated Carbon Rubber Belt has been on this market for the
past seven years. The quality is the best put into any Belt of same price
Each year shows increased sales
Our "Akron" Leather Belt is the best that money eau buy.
Pipe and Pipe Fitting*.
Injectors and Inspirators.
Packing of all kinds .[^' .
Steam Hose. ?
Wood Split Pulley*, Hhat'tiug, &o. , ,
Everything needed by thu mau rtiuuiiig machinery eau be found ia ? Si
stock. j r
Sullivan Hardware Co,
One at i 5c
This is Mackerel.
Cneaper than bacon.
xwo tor ?oe.
C. FRANK BOLT,
THE OA8HI GROCER.
The liniment bottle and flannel strip are
familiar objects in nearly every household.
They are the weapons that have been used for
generations to fight old Rheumatism, and are
about as effective in the battle -with this giant
disease as the blunderbuss of our forefathers
would be in modern warfare.
Rheumatism is caused by an acid, sour
condition of the blood. It is filled with acrid, irritating matter that settles
in the joints, muscles and nerves, and liniments and oils nor nothing
else applied externally can dislodge these gritty, corroding particles.
Were deposited there by the blood and can be reached only through the blood
Rubbing with liniments sometimes relieve temporarily the aches anti
pains, but these are only Symptoms which are liable to return with everv
change of the weather ; the real disease lies deeper, the blood and syst J.
are infected. Rheumatism, cannot be radically and permanently cored
until the blood has been purified, and no remedy does this so thoroughly
and promptly as S. S. S. It neutralizes the acids and sends a ?trea?
of rich, strong blood to the affected parts, which
dissolves and washes out all foreign materials, andtS
sufferer obtains happy relief from the torturing paW
C S. S. S. contains no potash or other mineral, bot
is a perfect vegetable blood purifier-;and ?os*
exhilarating tonic. Our physicians will advise, without charge, all who
Write about their case, and we will send free our special book on Rheumatism
and ita treatment THE SWIFT 8PECIFIC CO., Atlanta, 6a,
SOLID OAR LOAD!
WE have just received a solid Car Load of
COOK STOVES, HEATERS AND RANGES.
Also, a full line'of REPAIRS, and we are better prepared to fit you up thia
ever in these goods. We are agents ?or the famous Iron King, Times, E\m^
Ruth and Garland. Bee us before you buy. We also carry a full line of?
Tinware. Woodenware, Enamelware,
Cutlery and House Furnishings.
?@*~ Roofiiug. Guttering, Plumbing and Electrical Wiring executed os
GET OUR PRICES. Yours truly,
ARCHER & IMORRI8.
LITTLE PORTO RICO CIGAR*
The "hove Ci.ar-, are the brit tor the Qiouey on the market.
Ciuro's are Dmn?istir, 5i\
Little Port ? Rico's ure Imported, 5c. v
Imports or Domestic, tbree .< r 10c.
Little Havanna'*, three tor Ac.-can seud by mail.
A S DE USO V, S.C.
TWO CARS OF BUGGIES,
ALL PRICES, from a 835.0? ? Top Buggy up to the finest Rubber Tired job
A LOT OF WAGONS,
That vte want to sell at once. We keep a large stock of
Georgia Home Made Harness Cheap.
The finest, light draft
In the world. 1 ome and see it.
Yours in earnest
VANDIVER BROS, & MAJOR.
Have ? xi^t tieoe?ved
Two Cars Fine Tennessee Vallev
: tr .. tr tf .. " t t) '
You run no ris*> iu feeding this to your s y.
W&L. Will also make the very finest meal,
ttsv* Come quick before it is all gone.
O. D'* ANDERSON
A. C. STRICKLAND/
OFFICE-Front Rooms over Fara
en and Merchants Bank.
1 The opposite cut lllut?trates Con
tinuous Gum Teeth. The Ideal
Plate-moro oleanly than the natu
ral teeth. Ko bad taste or breatfi
from Pla"* of this kind*
A LONG LOOK AHEAD
A man thinks it is when the matter of UT?
insurance suggests itself-Mmt cireuntttan*
ces of late have shown how life n^P^?*
thread when .war, flood, hurricane and nw
?v?den?y overtakes you, and the only way
to be sure that your family is protected m
cate of calamity oveiialdnp; yon is" to ?
sure in a solid Company lifo
Tho Mutoca Bepefit Life Ins. Co.
Drop in and see us about it
Rf* ??. MATTI80?.
STAT JE ??l?ir.
Peopjea?Bank Building, ANDKB60NB C