Newspaper Page Text
Convicts are not .AJ
Wee Nee, Lee County, 8. C., Sept.
on -How many farmer* or others ia
the State have ever visito* or even
know that there is ? great and moat
interesting and instinctive object les
ion for them in the ?State farms. At
least this ie the case as regards the
t90 adjoining farms, situated partly
in Sumter and partly in Kershaw
County, and although it is understood
and BO instructed, that visiting farm
ers or any others, who may desire to
inspect these institutions are to be
entertained and courteously treated,
yet there are comparatively very few
people who have availod themselves
of the valuable lessons to be learned,
or profited by any attention to the
methods and systems and experience
of these methods of self-supporting
and paying farms. ?j
These splendid farms are situated
in the extreme northwest of Sumter
and southwest corner of Kershaw
counties and comprehended 2,400
acres of as fine arable upland and fer
tile river bottom land as may be found
in the State, besides woodland and
The farms are under separate and
distinct superintendence, the manr.ger
of the "DeSausBure farm" being Mr.
W. R- Gardner, of Kershaw County,
?ho has proven himself to be a thor- \
ough-going farmer. "The Reed farm"
bas Mr. Jesse H. Morris ns manager.
Mr. Morris has had large experience
in superintending some of the lordly
plantations of Marlboro County and
the practical knowledge gained by
that experience stands him in good
stead in his present position. Indeed
both these managers evince executive
ability and a judgment above tba
average, as the writer oan testify after
a recent visit and ride over the
grounds of these industrial State en
A portion of the southern line of
these State plantations bounds upon
the lands of Mr. Arthur K. Sanders,
who happens to be also the chairman
of the board of Penitentiary directors,
and it becomes eminently 'due and
proper to say, en passant, that he
takes an abiding and intelligent inter
est in the study and close observation
of criminology-or rather criminal an
thropology-and is perhaps the most
active and hard-working member of
the board; having made, and still
makes, many visits to other parts of
the nation, to observe from tho view
point of the different States and, Ter
ritories th air methods of handling that
class of people whom sooiety is forced
to shackle or to keep behind bolts and
bars as punitive measures or perma
nent protection to the law-abiding por
tion of humaoity.
Under the aegis of his prossnce and
with the pleasant advantage of his
ciceroneship your correspondent's
visit was made. The acreage is equal
ly divided, ?ach farm containing
twelve hundred aores of arable land, a
moiety of eaoh being river swamp bot
tom. An average of seventy conviots
is assigned to each, consisting of
able-Lodi vd, skilled and unskilled Ia
borers; therefore eaoh conviot is sup
posed to work sixteen acres; prepar
ing, planting, cultivating, harvesting
?id storing; besides the very many
and ofttimes onerous, necessary and
contingent labors inoidont to a com
bined upland and river bottom planta
tion; such, for instance, as throwing
up prodigious levees along the river
bank, building oheok dams, and cause
ways, digging canals and ditches and
various other work amounting, in the
aggregate, to marvellous achievements
in the course of the year, whioh puts
to blush the thriftless^ess of thou
sands of farms throughout the South;
lor these results are not obtained by
undue severity, oruelty, or even un
reasonable exactions, but rather by
judicious and systematic methods of
handling the labor, strict, though
merciful, discipline, but, above all,
pertinacious steadfastness duringwork
hours, all comprised io the word regu
larity. There is no suoh revised com
mandment as "five days shalt thou
!?bor and do all thy work," as on
most other farms; no camp-meeting,
D?r pionio, nor base ball, nor loafing;
Heady toil is the fate of those sen?
Itenced to "hard labor," and the won
I derful results of this systematic,
?teady and persistent toil le one of the
main lest oas taught any farmer who
may vita the plaoe.
Cleanliness, neatness, repair, order
Pervade both farms from the qnarters
*od barracks to the boundaries and
hanks, bridges and causeways and the
ouiaerous driveways through upland
0r nver bottom can be speeded over as
though turnpikes. There is a con
spicuous absence of unsightly over
Grown ditch banks, of offensive hedges,
Jj noxious weeds and, indeed, of any
-lemish indicating slovenliness. |Jp
.* entering np?n this expansive earn
toga of Government* domain one
Llowed to Eat Their
might he impressed with the idea that
he bad hit upon a veritable model of
Southern farming, so far a? regards
the material, nor would that i w pres
sion be dispelled by sight or sjund or
aught save the appearance of the per
sonnel garbed in the zebra-striped
The greatly preponderating portion
of these oondemned toilers are ne
groes, of course; the smalK white con
tingent being composed of meohanics
detailed specially, as all the labor of
every kind oed character is performed
by convicts only. These are unen
cumbered by ohain or shackles, and
move with the same freedom of limb
as, but with greater alacrity perhaps,
than their more fortunate fellow men
of the outside world. Their demeanor
is much the same as that on any other,
well conducted plantation and, though
their onerous toil is profitless to them
and with not a prospect of betterment
or ray of hope this side of their time
limit or sentence, yet there ia seem
ingly a cheerful resignation to
their fate. This is one of the
results of strict, but just and humane,
treatment meted out by the mana
gers, and the consequence is there
have been but very few attempts at
escape, and from one of these farms
no escape or attempt made in many
months. Yet, save where the gangs
may be working en masse, there is
neither guard nor shackle, and a num
ber of trusties, who must needs do odd
chores and perform various errands,
are often out of range and reach of
One of these trusties is a somewhat
unique oase. It is that of "Uncle
Bob," ub he itt familiarly known at the
farm. He has also been styled "The
Edgefield Exterminator" by the news
papers. Bob Jones (white) was so un
fortunate as to have killed three men,
father and two sons, named Pressley,
several years ego. He stood six trials
in his home county of Edgefield with
out a conviction, and only after change
of venue to Lexington County was he
at last convicted and sentenced to
twenty-one years at hard labor, after
having undergone six years' imprison
ment in the oounty jail. He ison the
downward grade of life, has served
eleven years of his sentence, a dooile,
useful prisoner. Uncle Bob1s blue
eyes and mild, cordial manner would
give flat denial to the harsh term "ex
terminator." He is in charge of some
of the animals on the farm, among
them the kennel of blood-hounds, and
they are all attached to him and mani
fest a love for him and he for them.
The most timid might look into Unole
Bob's face and trust him implioitly;
only they might not decide . it safe
perhapb to trespass upon his lands,
after repeated protests, and defiantly
plough up his growing crops, after the
lines had been established, which was
the gravamen of the offence in this
The crops on these farms are vari
ous, diversified and rotated. Only two
hundred acres of the twelve hundred on
eaoh farm are devoted to cotton, which
fact of itself should be a pointed les
son to thoso farmers who sacrifico
their- provision orops to the cotton
Moloch. Corn, oats, wheat, rye, oane,
potatoes, pumpkins, broad expanses
of forage crops and even trucking are
all engaged in and successfully pro
duced and carried out to the end of
their several purposes; the surplus,
whioh is often considerable, being
shipped to the Penitentiary.
These crops this season are a grati
fying sight to -.ny farm lover. The
tilth and general cultivation are wor
thy of attention; the growth luxuriant
and heavily ladened with the fruits of
their several kind.
The yield of cotton is estimated at
two hundred bales to eaoh farm, (a
bale to each sore.) There are six
hundred acres of corn on eaoh place,
the yield estimated at ten thousand
bushels. There are gathered and
threshed 6,000 bushels of oats and
2,000 bushels of wheat. There will
also be 2,000 gallons of syrup and
2,000 bushels of potatoes made to each
farm. On one farm these crops have
been estimated at even higher figures
15,000 bushels oom being the estimate
by experienced farmers.
A drive over the neat labyrinthine
ways through tho miles of acreage on
the river swamp discovered a gt^nd
luxuriance Of growth that is almost
bewildering in Ita prodigality. On
some of these fields there are three
different growing crops-corn, peas
and pumpkins-all euvinoing, by their
rank profusion of foliage and fruit,
the extraordinary p/oduotiveneBB of
these rich alluvial bottoms, thousands
of acres of whioh aro still termed
"bonej" in the vernacular of real
estate dealers. 1
Considerable ontlay is necessary to
develop these lauds, owing mostly to
the neoessity of strong and high
levees along the banks of the serpen
tine Watereo; also numerous check
dams, dikes and ditches requisito to
prevent the overflow from freshets;
bat it hat been long asserted as a f act
that if the river corn planter can har
vest one good orop every three years
he is independent of crop disaster dor
ins the other two seasons. From the
prospects now in evidence on the
State farms' bottoms one would readily
believe the statement true and the ac
complishment practicable. Proof of
this also exists in the fact that the
aate-bellam river planters were the
wealthiest olass of the whole com
munity; veritable nabobs; indeed Sub
ahdars in the plentitnde of wealth and
power, and some of their descendants
are still succ?s sf uland prosperous.
The State's uplands border upon
the river swamp and lies between the
red lands of the high hills of Sumter
and the sand hills of Kershaw, and
also between Hagood and Boykin sta
tions, on the Camden branch of the
Southern Railroad, whieh runs through
the lands, with a siding and depot on
The equipments of the two farms
are nearly identioal. There are both
steam and wind power and much time
and labor are thereby economized. A
saw mill, planer, ginnery, cane mill,
pea huller, etc., are driven by steam
power on both farms. There are also
tools and wood shops for needtd re
pairs and building. The corn shred
der furnishes an additional and valua
ble lesson in farm economies. This
innovation, in the matter of forage,
has been somewhat ignored and even
contemned, and is still considered by
some as a mere fad, but this writer
needs no farther proof than the faot
that stock consume it with a readi
ness and relish that dispels all doubt
as to its value as forage. The secret
of success lays in outting the corn and
curing it at the right stage. Largo
quantities of this provender are fed
on these farms and tbe stook all in
first-class condition. Some thirty odd
moles are assigned to eaoh farm; alsc
a half dozen or more brood mares,
with as many mule colts.
The largest and finest J ack proba
bly in the country is kept op the Reed
farm; herds of cattle, droves of hogs,
flocks of sheep and goats and even
? darkening flights of pigeons are there,
The State farms are neither hobbies,
nor run as fancy shows. They arc
worked for profit and are successful.
The BeSaussure farm was first pur
chased by the State, some dozen yean
since, lar,ely through the suggestion
and instrumentality of the Thane ol
Hagood, the venerable Thomas O
Sandevs, than whom there has been nc
more progressive or energetic farmer
in the State. He first leased the farm
from the State and ran it with eonviet
labor for several years and, though
handicapped by many difficulties,
made it such cc advertised success
that the authorities declined to renew
the lease and took charge, subsequent
ly purchasing the adjoining Heed
The present m?nagera take pleasure
in showing attention and extending
all reasonable courtesy to visitors,
and the farming publio would derive
benefit from a visit and inspection and
find the tout ensemble an object les
son and an instructive, practical exam
ple of thrift and prosperity.
J. Merrick Heid.
The key to health is in the kidneys
and liver. Keep these organs active
and you have health, strength and
cheerful spirits. Prickly Ash Bit
ters is a stimulant for the kidneys,
regulates the liver, stomach and bow
els. A golden household remedy.
- mm m m* -
- An Iowa man is having trouble
with his next door neighbor over a
bill of potatoes that grew so large as
to orowd the line fence over ten feet.
The neighbor harvested that share of
the crop which grew on his land and
has filed suit against the owner of the
potato vines to oompel him to replace
Cares Rheumatism and Catarrh-Medi
cine sent Free.
Send no money-simply write and
try Botanic Blood Balm at our ex
pense. Botanic Blood Balm (B. B.
B.) kills or destroys the poison ir. the
blood whioh causes the awful aches in
baok and shoulder blades, shifting
pains, difficulty in moving fingers, toes
or legs, bone pains, swollen mneoles
and joints of rheumatism, or the foul
breath, hawking, spitting, droppings
in throat, bad hearing, specks flying
before the eyes, all played out feeling
of catarrh. 1 Botanio Blood Balm has
oured hundred of oases of 30 or 40
years standing after doctors, hot
springs sod patent medicines had all
failed. Most of these oured patients
had taken Blood Balm as a last resort.
It is especially advised for chronic,
deep-seated cases. Impossible for an j
ene to ??iler the agonies or sympt?me
of rheumatism or catarrh while o
after taking Blood Balm. It makes
the blood nure and rioh, thereby giv
ing a healthy blood supply. Gurei
are perm amen t and not a patching up,
Sold at drug stores, $1 per large bot
tie. Sample of Botanio Blood Bain
free and prepaid, also special medica
advice by describing your trou
ble and writing Blood Balm Go.
Atlanta, Ga. A personal trial oi
Blood Balm is better than a thousanc
printed testimonials, so write at once
Sold in Anderson by Orr-Gray Dru]
Co., Wilhite & Wilhito and Evan
Nothing gives ns anon genuine pleasure
as to offer to our Customers One Hundred
Cents worth, of Value for every Bollar!
WE make just as good a profit on an article that is worth the
money as we do on one that is not worth carrying home. The
first makes ns friends and new oastomers, while the last keeps
us continually in hot water. For this reason, in buying our
NEW STOCK OF DRESS GOODS and SHOES,
Wc left oil the usual side line of "shoddies" ind bought only
the very best quality of Goods for the prioe. For instance, our
long experience in Shoe Buying and Shoe Selling taught us just
what our best trade demanded in Shoos, and we bought accord
ingly, so that we are enabled to offer the Newest, Best, most
Substantial and Shapely line of
Ladies and Gentlemen s Shoes
Ever brought to this market. We have an exoellent combina
tion Brogan and Dress Shoe for men that we offer for $1.75 that
can't be duplicated elsewhere for $2.00. We have a Laoe Wa
ter Proof Calf, half boot, for $2.00 that makes us friends every
day. We have a most comfortable heavy Kangaroo Man's Calf
lined, that io as full of value at $1.50 as it is full of solid leath
er. Our Stook of Women's Shoes is equally as varied and com
plete as the men's, and we confidently Offer them 1 : the trade as
honest, well-made goods.
We have recently added to our Stook a handsome line of
From a cheap packer to the best$5.00.Tronk. Prospective brides
and grooms, and young ladies and gentlemen starting to College,
will observe that goods-boxes have gone out of date since our new
prices on Trunks went into effect, and that the style now is cae
of Dean & Ratliffe's Trunks.
Speaking of style, there never was a time since the foundation
of the world when
DEAN'S PATENT FLOUR
Wasn't in style. It is still in style, and the people just ory for
it. Any one who doubts it can Bee for himself by watching
where all the wagons load. The people will have our stuff, and
that's what makes us the busiest Store in town.
DEAN & RATLIFFE,
THE HOTTEST OF THE HOT*
Anderson, S. C., Aug. 1,1902.
To tbe contestants for the prises
oflered by the Anderson Fertilizer
Company for crop of 1901-1902 :
We find that T. M. Wei bor a, of Pen
dleton; 8. C., hrs won the first price
for the yield of 108.937 bushels from
six seres, and the first prize for yield
of M.266 bushels from three acres,
and the first prise for the yield of 18f
bushels from one acre.
This crop was grown on land previ
ously planted in cotton ; was prepared
by turning with a two-horse plow, fol
lowed by a two-horse subsoil plow.
One bushel of Blue Stem wheat was
sown per aero with a wheat drill, ap
plying at the same time 800 pounds of
Anderson Phosphate and Oil Company
10-2 seid and 200 lbs. cotton seed meal
This test is duly signed by the three
judges, and dated July 1st, 1902.
The second prize for the best yield
on six acres is wou by Mr. Allen J.
Sullivan, of Sullivan, S. C., foi the
yield of 108* bushels.
This crop was grown on land previ
owly planted in cotton ; was turned
bys two-horso Oliver Chilled Plow to
an averago depth of eight to ten iooh
es, then harrowed with Tarrant's har
row. then sown with Farmer's Favorite
seed drill, applying one bushel Ken
tuoky lied Wheat per acre, at the same
time applying 340 pound? of Standard
Fertilizer per aorc, manufactured by
the Anderson Phosphate and Oil Co.
Mr. Sullivan says that he used aoid
on another piece of ground, but got
better results) where he used Ammoni
This ie dated July 9,1902, aud prop
erly signed by the judges.
The second prize for the best yield
on ono acre is won by Mr. M. B. Rich
ardson, of Pendleton, S. C., being 161
bushels. Mr. Richardson grew this
crop where he previously had cotton.
He plowed up tho stalks, and ran over
the land with a cutaway harrow ; then
turned deep with a Ufo-horse plow,
applied 600 pounds of Anderson Phos
phate and Oil Co's. 16 per cent acid
to en acre, and ran the smoothing har
row over it ; then sowed three-quarter
bushel of Blue Straw Wheat to the
aore, applied 200 pounds of meal to
the aore, and plowed in with sido har
row, followed with smoothing harrow.
This communication is dated July
7th, 1902, and properly signed by the
I Mr. L. O. Dean, of Dean, S. C., is
thewiuuerof the third prize for the
best yield on one acre, having thresh
ed 15* bushels from ono aore. He is
also the winner of the second prize for
the three aore contest, having raised 48
bushels. Mr. Dean is also the winner
of the third prize for tho best yield on
six acres, having threshed 96? bushels.
Mr. Dean raised this crop where he
had oats and peas sown the year before.
The land was turned with a two-horse
turn plow five or six inches deep, then
harrowed with a 20-inoh solid disc har
row. This was followed with an Acme
harrow, which was followed by a plank
drag. He then applied 200 pounds o.
Anderson Phosphate & Oil Company's
16 per cent. Acid Phosphate and 150
pounds of cotton seed meal and 15 lbs.
of Muriate of Potash through a Farm
ers' Favorite Grain Drill on Nov. 5th;
the Bame application was made on Nov.
6th. and then on Nov. 12th he sowed
li bushels of Blue Straw Wheat to
the tore through a Farmers' Favorite
This communication is dated July 1,
1902,and properly signed by the judges.
AMDEBSON PHOSPHATE & OIL CO. IJ
ALL peraons Indebted to the Excelsior
OU and Fertilizer Company muBt settle
accoanta on or by November lat. Tba
attain of the old Company meat be set
tled by that deis?, and lt ls hoped that
every debtor will heed thin notice at once.
W. P. COX, President.
Oct 8, 1902 10 _
Car load of the celebrated Stu deba
ker Wagons just arrived. Car load
of Tennessee and Old Hickory and
Piedmont Wagons also on band.
Prices right. Uome and see us.
JOS. J. FRET WELL.
Oct 1. 1902_15_4_
COLLECTING time is at hand,
and I take this method of notifying
all parties owing me that I must
make all collections in full, and un
less you arrange same soon I will
send a collector to seo you?
J. 8. FOWLER.
Sept 24, 1002. 14_
I have just received a Car Load of
the Celebrated, High Grade MIL
BURN WAGONS. If you need a
Wagon call and see them. They are
built right, and will please you.
J. S. FOWLER.
PACKER'S " I
H?SR CALSAm j
Clean*** ?od tx?utlfle? the hiir. I
Promote? e> laxuri.nl growth.
Never Valla to Bettor? Gray I
Hair to lt? Youthful Color. 1
Cure? t?alo dirfsj?? tc hair lolling. I
SENT FREE to all
users ot morphine,
elixir ot opium, co
caine or whiskey, a
large book of par
ticulars on borne or
ment. Address, B.
M. WOOLLEY CO,
104 N. Pryor Street,
Atlanta, Geo reis.
Notice of Final Settlement.
THE un dorai ar nod, Administratrix of
Patate of James K. Roblnoon, doo'd, here
by gives notice that abe will on Friday,
Stet day of October, 1903, apply to tho
Judge of Probate for Anderson County,
8. C., for a Final Settlement of salo' Es
tate, and a discharge from ber offlco as
CYNTHIA A. ROBINSON, Adm'x.
Oct 1,1902 15 5
thc Bowel Troubles of
Children of Any Ago.
Alas Dlgtxttav Ri*.vW*s
the Bewehr, Strengthen
Costs My 25 oats nt Drages, *k\SSmmhaS
lOr mun 1* cot? to C. ?I. MQFPETT, M. D- ST. LOUIS? MS.
W? *.** kSMH* ST. HOC**;: ?SfHIBA ?Toettln* Powdar,.) crer .tact t!SVfSItaiSSMS fijcSfatfS
dtxm4?u?p*opt1?Urr ?wUoU?, ?,?4 o?r trw!? ?nit bu .toola? incrooaod tom ya** lo ratrlXtt tar of 4e?
<w auootat td ?ViOTtfer** huidra^ ?to?i P?r y?W, whtob I a a Ter* .Uong orld.nco ot it? merit ?nd tho sad jf cciion U
etrtat tottw M*tt>ll of. Uv toy ter. fy thy tar yoftln? to .fl.ctouJiy e~auiacu th? ?fiteu ol tho atusad'?
i IOS O? OTCrOQSMf W OXiC?S - ??SSM*? lUcS?eal M tithing.
* TUB LAU AU RANKIN DH?O CO.. Wholt.Ho Orte??*
WE have prepared for Hard Time?
by buying the LARGEST Stock of
Ever in Anderson, and have bought
at Hard Times Prices. There will be
no Hard Times for you when you buy
from us, for we have tho pr ces lower
thau you have ever heard of them be
fore, and you can now buy two dol
?ais worth of Furniture for one.
Come to see us and we will convince
you of the fact that you eau SAVE
money by buying any price of Furni
ture from us.
LARGEST STOCK, LOWEST PRICES, BE3T GOODS.
G. F. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street.
??- UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.
Bed Room, Suites, Side Boards,
Baby Carriages, Go Carts,
Rockers, Chairs, Safes,
Rugs, Mattings, Etc., Etc,,
Can be found at a Cheaper Price at the
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
Than anywhere else.
^COFFINS and CASKETS.
Why Not Give Your House a Coat of
You can put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house would not cost you more
Five or Six Dollars!
Orr-Gray & Co.
HOME SEEKER EXCURSION RATES
The Western and Atlantic Railway and Nashville, Chat
tanooga and St. Louis Railway,
To points in Texas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory and Missouri. 8ov'd vesti
buled trains between Atlanta and Memphis. Only one chance of v ars to
principal western cities. Very low rates to all points North, Northwest and
West. Best service and quickest time via the Scenic Battlefield Route..
For schedules, rates, maps or any information, write
JOHN E. SATTERFIELD,
Traveling Passenger Agent, No. 1 Brown Building, Atlanta, Ga.
Sept 10.1002 12 Om
BLACKSMITH AND WOODWORK SHOPS I
THE undersigned, having succeeded to the business of Frank Johnson
& Co., will continue it at the old stand, and solicits the patronage of the pub lie.
Repairing and Repainting promptly executed.
We make a specialty of -Goodyear," Rubber and Steel Horse Shoeing
General Blacksmith and Woodwork.
Only experienced and skilled workmen employed.
We have now ready for sale Home-made, Hand-made Farm Wagon
that we especially invite your attention to.
We put on Goodyear Rubber Tires.
Yours for business
Church Street, Opposite Jail. J. P. TODD.
NOW is the time to make a selec
tion of a
Tho "Kroeger" is the perfection o?
mechanical construction, and for artis
tic ton e quality has no equal. Don't
be talked into paying a fancy price
for a cheap instrument, but see me
about prices. I can sell you the very
best at an exceedingly low price.
Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines.
Machine Needles 20c. per dozen.
91. Ii. WILLIS,
Next to Door Peoples Bank.
Acme Paint and Cement Cure
Specially used on Tin Roofs
and Iron Work of any kind.
For sale by
ACME PAINT & CEMENT CO.
F. B. GRAYTON & CO.,
Druggists, Anderson, S. C.