Newspaper Page Text
.A. Story of
As a contributor to thc columns of
Close Calls I will give your readers
80IUC rcminiscenses of events of my
prison life, from thc time of uiy cap
ture, at the fall of Kort (iregg, on
April 2, 1803, until I reached home
on the night of .July ?J following.
Though I write from memory, it is a
memory kept green by oft rehearsals
to old soldiers as we would sometimes
meet and discuss or relate tho stirring
incidents of the war.
Some events, as I will tell them,
may seem incredible, when contrasted
with the boasted civilization and
Christian spirit of the American peo
ple. But what I will write is literally
true, except some minor points per
haps that would be immaterial. Some
of the incidents aro indeed close calls
and blood curdling, and this, too,
after hostilities hud scaned, aud < ?en
er?is Lee and Jo.'.aston had capitu
lated. Hut this dark cloud of bru
tality and barbaric depravity and sa- '
tallie meanness of one man in authori
ty over us has a silver lining in thc
considerate and ofttimes gentle treat
ment accorded us by our captors. I
shrink from reporting the cruel treat
ment meted out to us as prisoners by
one inhuman wretch, while it is a real
pleasure to chronicle the gentle and
considerate treatment by many of our
captors, and I will add, that wc did
not expect to be fed upon sugar
plums, or recline upon downy beds.
After these prefatory remarks I will
htuia my story. Immediately after
Oeing taken prisoners wc were maroh
od under guard, across to the enemy's
lines, at thc terminus of General
Grant's railroad from City Point, just
in the rear of his Hues around Peters
burg. Here we saw the unlimited re
sources of our enemy, in thousands of
troops, with arms staoked, held in re
serve, while we were pressed with
odds of at least four to one; also great
piles of meat, barrels of flour, sacks of
eora, bales of hay, etc, that looked
like mountains to a famished Confed
erate. I saw thc futility of further
resistance on our ?part.
At sundown we were marched, with
a complete line of soldiers encircling
us, to City Point, on the James river.
Early next morning, April 3, we em
barked upon an ooean steamer and
landed at Point Lookout, north of the
mouth of the Potomac river, and
lodged in prison. Here we found
twenty thousand prisoners, quartered
in small tents upon fifteen acres of
land, and only four wells to water this
vast host, the water was practically
exhausted by 4 o'clock p. m. of eaoh
day, and at nightfall I have seen 500
prisoners around eaoh well, a pitiful
?iaori serambiiug for water. This
listed until 8 o'clock, when tattoo was
beaten, when the thirsty crowds must
disperse or be fired upon by the negro
guards sometimes on duty.
The Yankees explained that the
prison was overrun by the great influx
of prisoners from Petersburg. Our
fare consisted of a piece of codfish
about the size of three fingers and a
slice of loaf bread one inoh thick for
each meal; except Thursday for din
ner wo got bean soup in a tin cup,
with hardly an eye of grease and con
taining about one half dozen beans,
which could be distinctly seen in tho
bottom of the cup. This was a luxury
I will have to pass so muoh detail to
compass the limits of a newspaper ar
The prison at Pt. Lookout resem
bled a miniature world, commercially,
containing many Confederate sutlers,
who bought from a Yankee sutler,
just outside the prison walls, through
a windon about one foot square, and
resold to other prisoners, who got
money by making all manner of trink
ets, such as finger rings, watch chains,
etc., and selling for fabulous prices to
excursion parties of ladies and gent^
men from Washington, I). C., Balti
more, etc., who were eager to buy as
trophies anything made by a rebel
Indeed there was a Confederate
prisoner, taken at the first battle of
Manassas, who waa still in prison
when I got there, and who bad sold
his name for exchange three times for
twenty-five hundred dollars " total.
The parties purchasing going out of
prison upon his nume and he remain
ing in prison under their name each
time. This was purely a business
transaction with him. Ho was thc
only big Confederate sutler in prison;
his shop was about 15 feet square, as
I saw it, and built entirely of cracker
boxeB, counters, shelves aud all. His
exohaoge sales, together with his
profits as sutler, footed up at the end
ol' t&si war to about $?,000, made
olearia prison. Ho had an eye to
After remaining in the regular pris
on in charge of Maj ir Brady for a
week, I procured a transfer to the
hospital camp in charge of Dr. Vogal,
of New York, assisted by my old
friends, Tootnbs Callara, of Lincoln
county. I found this camp a heaven
compared with thc other. Thc sick
nnd wounded under charge of Dr.
Vogal, a humane and exemplary gen
tleman, were well fed and cared for iu
every respect, and he governed his
camp with leniency and was loved by
all. I belonged to a detail to flush
the sewer ditches around hospital
rooms with water every morning.
This only took one-half hour. Then
my old friend Cullars and myself
spent tho balance of thc day making
trinkets and selling .name to said ?.x
crsion parties and earning for a day's
work from eight to ten dollars every
day. Our lure was beef, loaf bread,
vegetables and lemonade, just as thc
The Yankees allowed two minstrel
troupes, gotten up entirely by the
prisoners, that gave performances once
a week each. Tuesday aud Thursday
nights. They dressed beardless in
ladies apparel, had nice uniforms all
around, and gave splendid perfor
mances, cracking many witty jokes on
Yankees, which were very much en
joyed by thc Yankee officers, who at
tended in a body every night, special
teats being reserved for them. Cul
lars and myself with many other pris
oners, attended also every night.
The performances were splendid, mu
sic and all. It was a great relief to
the monotony of prison life. The
Yankees furnished tho house for tho
Cullars and myself also bought a
fiddle, whittled and made out of a
ciuckct boa, by a prisoner with his
pocket knife. We bought strings
from thc Yankee sutler who kept
almost everything or would order it.
With this fiddle wc had a deal of fun.
We would lay off work from our trin
j ket business late in tho evening and
with our fiddle in hand (for wo were
both country fiddlers) we would get
out of our tent and strike up a qua
drille and have a regular stag danoo
by thc prisoners. After and in addi
tion to this, we had employed an old
phrenologist, who was a good talker,
at a dollar a day, to give phrenologi
cal examinations of heads and read
character by the science of phrenology.
This performance was freo to any one
who would submit to an examination.
And with the fiddle and our scientist
we had muoh fun.
My article is too long. I must pass
from incidents of prison, which con
stituted the silver lining to my oloud
of prison lifo and relate my ooean voy
age from Point Lookout to Savannah,
Ga., and to home, but in this voyage
I am alone, or at least my old friend
Cullars ia absent. He having received
his parolo before I did. As his name
began with C and mino with 8 alpha
betically arranged Let me add here
that the regular prison was the dirti
est and filthiest place it ever fell my
lot to livo in; dirtand vermin abound
ed, the prisoners had no chango of
clothing and it waa impossible to keep
clean though we wero allowed to bathe
in the Chesapeake Bay. Let me add
before passing, that I saw Masonic
finger rings, made of guttapercha, in
laid with Masonic implements of gold
plate, readily bring 25 dollars, of
course in greenbacks. These rings
were beautifully carved and made by
prisoners who wero professional jew
elers at home. The ingenuity dis
played by Southern prisoners in trin
ket work was simply wonderful and
exploded thc idea that Amerioan in
genuity belonged only to Yankees.
The confinement of one in prison had
about thc same effect upon his me
chanical genius as thc confinement of
tho other by the Northern winters'
But yet btfore passing out of prison,
candor compels me in making a true
report of prison life, to enrom?le tho
fact that all of the baser traits of hu
man character were exemplified by
some prisoners, under the sore temp
tations and privations of prison life.
They would lie, swindlo and steal the
scant rations from fellow prisoners in
the most adroit way, and do many de
grading things that would bring a
blush of shame to their comrado's
cheeks. Space forbids mentioning
these things, many, including mode of
punishment by the priBoners them
selves, are debarred from print. But
Mr. Editor you will condemn this ar
tiole because of longth, I pass to thc
ooean voyago. I embarked with a
ship load of prisoners at the wharf at
Pt. Lookout, just at sundown about
the 6th of June, 1865, upon an old
condemned ocean steamer, now en
gaged in the U. S. Mail scrvioe along
the South Atlantio coast. We reach
ed Fortress Monroe early next morn
ing, where we were allowed to land
and remain rbout six hours. Presi
dent Davis waa confined here in prison
at that time. I attempted to get per
mission from (Jen. Miles to visit him
io his cell, but failed; I, however,
saw the low flat house in which he was
confined. It had a hallway with small
rooms on each side. Mr. Davis was
in the first right hand corner room.
Two sentinels guarded the half door
outside, two oilers guarded the door
leading from hall to room. And I
learned there wero yet two others in
room with Mr. Davis. This riled and
humiliated mc more than my own im
prisonment, but I could only sulk.
From Fortrcsu Mooroo wc steamed to
Norfolk, Va., where all of our cargo of
prisoners, who could reach their
homes from this place, were allowed
to get off, aud we had ouly about 25
paroled prisoners left to go south. 1
use tho word cargo because wc were
forced to remain in thc hull of thc
ship and upon thc same floor with
thc steam boiler that propelled the
vessel. The air was very hot and
close, with no means to ventilate, ex
cept through a hatch or trap door, by
which also we reached the upper deck
by means of a ladder. Thus confined
with our heads even below the surface
of water, in our apartment, hot, dark,
dreary and dirty, our voyage south
was uneventful aud we passed our
time dreaming of home and loved ones
and tho horrors of war.
In this doleful condition, weary and
haggard, with naught, but a dirty
floor to wallow upon, and unable to
keep time in this dungeon, a now and
terrible horror confronts us.
Thc steam boiler upon the same
floor with us had cracked under the
steam pressure, and the escaping
steam, with a frightful hissing noise,
almost instantly filled the old hull
densely with hot steam from boiling
water and no way to escape but
through thc hatch door. This ordeal
was almost unbearable, and especially
so when most of our boys were sick ot
wounded. We huddled immediately
under the hatch door to get the fresh
air that descended by side of the
escaping steam. Under this ordeal
almost to the point of suffocation, oni
of our boys climbed up tho ladder t(
tue top deck aud sprawled upon th<
floor. The mau had oue leg cut of
near the kip joint, but could hop lik<
a jay bird where he pleased withou
crutch or stick. I afterwards learnei
bis name was McGee, from Andersoi
County, S. C. Ile was tall, athleti
in build, weighed about 175 pounds
erect as an Indian, a very intelligen
face and about twenty-five years ol
and as brave as a lion. He was no
allowed, however, at this time to en
joy the invigorating sea breeze afte
the steam bath in the old hull. Fo
the captain in charge of the vessel o
this trip (whom we learned was nc
the regular oaptain) immediately oi
dered him back into the hull. H
oame, but quickly organized a aqua
of seven prisoners, with himself, t
climb to tbe upper deok with the d<
termination to hold it at all hazardi
emphasizing that not to do so wool
subject us to a horrible death by steal
and brand us the meanest of eowardi
Really, only the seven were able i
go. Our men were nearly all siol
coming from the hospital oamp, ac
only the stoutest could stand th
We again olimbed the ladder, M
Gee leading the way and assuming a
command. Re was the man for tl
occasion, notwithstanding he had bi
Reaching the top deok we sprawl?
upon the floor. Not more than twe
ty feet from us sat the old oaptain i
in the little pilot house with glass
hand, scanning the watery horizon f
some passing ship that he might si
nal for help, for his bursted boil
rendered him unable to turn a wh<
and placed him at the mercy of t
To us, or at least to me, it seom
that we had been transported t(
new world, tho invigorating ooe
breeze was most delightful. Weloc
ed around and practically wo were
mid ocean, for there was no land
sight at all. Our eyes beheld, onlj
vast expanse of water. We a
learned afterwards that we were
thc coast of Capo Hatteras, rook bou
and dangerous. Imagine oupfeelio
if you can, being thus suddenly pla<
in mid ocean for tho first time. Th
were some of the thoughts that dar
across our minds in a few momen
time. For it seemed we bad o
sprawled upon the deck when tho
oaptain with knitted eyebrows perei
torily ordered us baok into the hi
In the meantime tho white steam
ing like a piece of solid maso
through tho hatch door just in front
our eyes and tho eyes of the captt
To this order McGee remonstrat
calling the captain's attention to
issuing steam, to the condition of
sick men below, etc. To all of wh
this inhuman wretch gave no he
but ringing a little bell for an err
boj\. we easily heard him send or<
to a sergeant to report to him at o
with six soldiers, loaded guns and
ed bayonets. He oontinned to 1
with his glass for a passing ship.
MoOee was on the alert; jumj
up, he said: "Boys, you hear tl
It means we must fight or go b
If there is one with a faint heart
wishes to go baok under tho oiro
Stances, let him go now."
No one moved. Ile next put the
"All io favor of staying and braving
all dangers, stand up?"
All stood up. He next inquired
who had pocket knives. All had
something of the kind.
He next ordered us to form line
across the deck, with open knives, he,
himself, taking tho central position,
with three men on each side.
The soldiers not yet having come,
for we worked fast. McGee took this
"All who are yet determined to
stand the consequences, bo it death,
rather than skulk back into that old
hull, like cowards, hold up your right
Every hand, with open knife, shot
up. AH of this enacted in thc imme
diate presence of the captain.
Now, wc sec thc soldiers coming, in
single file, led by the sergeant. Upon
reaching thc captain, he orders tho
sergeant to put those men back into
thc hull of tho ship, at thc point of
thc bayonet if necessary.
Justas the sergeant lined up his
men, facing us, McGee hopped about
four feet in front of our line, and ad
dressed the soldiers in the most elo
quent speech I ever heard. He called
their attention to the hot steam, to
thc pick men down in thc hull. Ap
pealed to their humanity; begged
them not to attempt to enforce the or
ders of that inhuman wretch, pointing
his finger at the old captain, but add
ed, "If you will and fail to kill us at
first fire, will cut you to pieces with
Then facing the captain, with his
fist clinched, said to him:
"Yes, d-n you, we will limb you,
limb by limb."
Having thus spoken, he wheeled
end hopped back in line, as if to say,
"Now do quickly what you are going
A momentous silence prevailed just
now, each line looking steadfastly at
the other. McGee had plaoed the ini
tiative upon the Federals; they moved
not; But, at last, the old captais
quaked and ordered the soldiers back.
We", ad won tue victory and thc
deck \ as ours. We assisted all thc
sick, v io were able to olimb at ali, t(
the upper deck. But we found sev
eral who were not able to climb at all,
and we had to carry them, faint anc
limp, up the ladder. Yea, three ol
them were dead when we reached th<
upper deck, and we committed theil
dead bodies to the yielding waters o!
the vast deep, in plain view of the oh
captain, who was responsible for thei:
We drifted, as I now remember
about three days off the coast of Cap
Hatteras, when we were taken in to\
by a tug boat and towed first to Bean
fort and then to Wilmington, N. C,
for necessary repairs, which consume*
nearly two weeks, when we again se
sail for Charleston and Savannah.
Most of our remaining boys wen
home from Wilmington. McGee mun
have left us there, aa I saw no mot
of him. I sa ir but little of him, anj
way, after the incident at sea. *her
was so muoh confusion.
Amity, Ga., Oot. 12.
- You can never tell what a woma
in love or a balky horse will do nexi
Ile Got bl? Ride.
There is an amusing story told ia
North Georgia about the original of
the moonshiner in "Abner Daniel,"
Will N. Br.iben's new novel (Har
pers). The man was arrested for
moonshinisg by a friend who had just
been taken into the revenue service,
and together the two started for At
lanta, where the prisoner was to be
put in jail. Reaohing the .?ilro&d
station they found there was no train
till midnight, so they spent the day
drinking sooiably together, and by
nightfall the officer was past locomo
tion and asleep at tho village depot,
Seeing the situation somo practioal
jokers approached the moonshiner and
advised him to make a break for liber
ty. To their surprise he refused.
"To tell you the truth, boys," he
said, sheepishly, "I hain't never had
a good ride on the cyars, an' I've sor
ter made, up my mind to make this
trip." They let him havo his way,
and saw him eagerly rouse his friend
when tho train approached. About
two da;9 later be turned up in the
village. His arm was in a sling, his
face was badly bruised, and he looked
as if he had walked a long distance.
Being asked what happened, he an
swered: "When we got to the edge
of Atlanta I concluded I'd rid fur
enough. Bill had sobered up, an' I
told 'im I was goin' in the smokin'
cyar. I went out on the platform an'
tried to light. The train must 'a'
been goin' putty peart, fer she set me
agin' a gravel bank like I was shot
out'n a gun. The next time anybody
ketches me takin' seoh a fool trip
they'll know it. I jjst went along
anyway kacie Bill was new at tho busi
ness sn' I wanted to give 'im a start."
No engineer would be mad enough to
run by the flag which signaled danger.
What the danger was he might not under
stand, but he would take no chances.
It is different with the average man or
woman. They at
to rca by the dan
ger signals of
Nature sud that
thousands of lives
every year. When the
appetite becomes irregu
lar or entirely gives out,
when sleep is troubled
and broken, when there
ia r. loss of flesh, when
tin rc is a constant feel
ing of dullness and lan
guor, Nature is hoisting
the danger signal. The
stomach and its allied
organs are failing in their
work and the body is los
ing the nutrition on which
its strength depends.
Such a condition calla
for the prompt use of Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery. It cures dis
eases of the stomach and
other organs of digestion
and nutrition, purifies
and enriches the blood and builds np the
body with sound, solid flesh.
?Your kindness to me I can never forget,"
writes Mr?. Josie K. Clark, of Enterprise, Shelby
Co., Mo. " I cannot express half my feelings of
gratefulness to yon. I had despaired of ever
getting well, f had been in bad health for
twelve years. Had aches all through mc, numb
handi, cold feet, and everything I ate distressed
me : bowels constipated, was very nervous, de
Srested and despondent. - In fact, I can't express
alf my bad feelings to you. When I first wrote
to you i thought X coola never be cured. I have
taken six bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
D*sep**ry- sad 07 h"lth is nev? good. You
have my honest recommendation to ntl suffer
ers. I thick there is no medicine in the world
aa good as Dr. Pierce's."
If constipated use Dr. Pierce's Pleas
ant Pellets. They cure constipation,
biliousness and sick headache. They do
not produce the "pill habit."
WE invite the privilege. We use the best quality of every drug ; we
exercise the moat exacting care with every part of the work. We produce
medicine that brings the best possible results. We charge only a living
profit above the cost ol materials.
Let Us Fill Your Prescriptions.
SEED OATS, SEED OATS I
JUST RECEIVED a Car of TEXAS RED RUST PROOF OATS
for Fall sowing. Come to see us-will make prices right and save yon money.
SEED BARLEY AND RYE.
??fi fifi ID -Egleheart's Swan Lw)wn, ono of the best Patout Flours
s L Jy 5 = o on the market, at 84,50 per barrel. Half Patent Flour,
that will give you entire satisfaction or money refunded, at 84.00 per barrel
rnCrrC ~~Ten V?un^B Roasted Coffee for 81 00.
|*U I I EL C.-Twelve pounds Green Coffee for $1.00.
BUS fl I ACCLTC-To suit your taste and pocket, from 25c. to 60c.
mULAo?t? P?r gallon.
BLACK MARIA CHEWING TOBACCO is the best.
gar Come to see us. We want a liberal share of your trade.
WHITE FBON0C-SOUTH SQUARE.
ANDERSON CASH GROCERY COMPANY,
MAKE YOUR WIFE HAPPY ?
WHEN you sell your Cotton put aside a little, drop in and see us, and
let us fix up a SUITE OF FURNITURE, or Set of DINING CHAIRS,
or LOUNGE, or a nice ROCKING CHAIR, for you to make a nice present
to your wife.
PEOPLES FURNITURE CO.
COFFINS and CASKETS. Up-to-Date Funeral Car.
Everything in the Furniture line.
Give us a call.
Is the naine sometimes given to wW
is generally known as the BAD DJS.
EASE. It is not confined to dens??
vice or the lower classer ,The p\w?l
mood poison mms^,
drinking irom the same vessd*
using the same toilet articles, or otherwise coming in contact with person,
who have contracted it. " ^T
It begins usually with a little blister or sore, then swelling in ?.
5fO?%/ ^^Pt?? bS55? C??Sl Ten year, a*o X eontraetod r. b*d cZ
the body, sores and ulcers appear of Blood Poison. I was under '<relu^*
in the mouth, the throat becomes of a physician until I io und taut bVcoS?
ulcerated, the hair, eye brows and ?? S?-?S**'1^
lashes fall out; the blood becoming *?dlnaVe^^?lSe1
more contaminated, copper colored the disease disappeared. ItooksUw*
splotches and pustular eruptions and ties and today am sound ar,4 well,
sores appeaiPupon different parts of B*M* WaU? Momatowa,!^
the body, and the poison even destroys the bones.
S. S. S. is a Specific for thi3 loathsome disease, and cures it even in the
worst forms. It is a perfect antidote for the powerful virus that pollutes ^
the blood and penetrates to ail parts of the system
Unless you get this poison out of your blood itwili
ruin you, and bring disgrace and disease upon,
your children, for it can be transmitted **om parent
to child. S. S. S. contains no mercury or potash,
but is guaranteed a strictly vegetable compound.
Write for our free home treatment book and learn all about Contagion
Blood Poison. If you want medical advice give us a history of your case,
and our physicians will furnish all the information you wish without atv
charge whatever. THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA,
LARGE AND FAT.
One at 15c. Two for 25c.
This is Mackerel.
Cheaper than bacon.
C. FRANK BOLT,
THE CASH; GROCER.
D. 8. VANDIVER.
E. P. VANDIVER.
ANDERSON, 8. C., October 8.1902.
We propose pulling trade cur way this Fall, and have made prices ra
good, reliable, honest Goods that wil <**rtainly brin g it
We have the strongest line of Men's. Women's aud Children's SHOK
we have ever shown, and have them nm'ked down KO low that every pair ba
great value. We have another b'g lot of Sample bhoes that we throw ra
the market at factory prices. Com-.J quick while we have your size.
We are money-savers ou OR? ?OERIES. Bes-. Patent Flour 84.50 per
barrel. Best Half Patent Flour 64.00. Extra Good Flair S3.75.
COFFEE, 8UOAR, LARD, BACON, BRAN, CoKN and OATS
always in stock, ju*t a little chea.mr than the market prices
Wo are strictly iu for budines and want your trade; Try us and yoi
will stick to us. You? truly,
TWO CARS OE BUGGIES,
ALL PRICES, Cam a 835.00 Top Buggy up to the finest Rubber Tired jon
- ALSO, -
A LOT OF WAGONS,
That we want to sell at once. We keep a large stock of
Georgia Home Made Harness Cheap.
The finest, light draft
In the world. Come and see it.
Yours in earnest,
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Have J ust Jrteoe? ved
Two Cars Fine Tennessee Valley
Red Gob Corn.
You run no risk in feeding this to your s C.
Will also make the very finest meal.
Come quick before it is all gone.
O. ?. ANDERSON.
A. C. STRICKLAND
OFFICE-Front Rooms orer Fart
ers and Merchants Bank.
The opposite out llluetrfties -
tlnnona Onm Teeth. The M
Plate-more cleanly than the tia?:
ral teeth. No bad taste or bra??
from Plar*v. >f thia kind'
A LONG LOOK AHEAD
A man thinks it is when the matter of jj*
inourance suggests itself-bot circuf?w*
nea of late have, shown how life hangi ty
thread when war, flood, hurricane and
suddenly overtakes you, and the only
to be sure that your family ?? prot?t^
case of calamity overtaking you is to
sure in a solid Company like
The Mutual Benefit Life Ins.
Drop in and see us about it
Peoples' Bank Building, ANDERSONS. Hi