Newspaper Page Text
Origin .iud Development of Production
In the South.
* 1G21. The cotton plant had been
found growing in a wild state by the
first settlers of the southwestern por
tion off our country, but the year 1G21
is generally regarded as the first year
of cotton culture in the United States.
Seed, probably from thc Levant or
thc East Indies, was planted as an
experiment, aud its plentiful coming
up was at that carly day a subject of
interest in America and England.
Its cultivation was for a long time
limited to small patches for domestic
usc. Among a list ?d' articles grow
ing or to be had in the Virginia Col
ony in 1021 cotton wool is mentioned:
value, 8d per pound, flax lld.
But cotton planting in Virginia
never reached large proportions. To
bacco growing was lound to be more
prolitable. Labor was scarce and
and dear, so that thc cost ol' hand
cleaning, or separating thc libre from
thc seed by hand, before a gin was in
vented, exceeded the market value of
the cottou so cleaned. From Virginia
the culture extended northward to
Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania
and even New .Jersey, down to the
time of the Revolutionary war.
1733. Cottou seed was brought
into Carolina by Peter 1'urry, who
settled a colony of Swiss near I'urrys
ville; but, froui previous mention
made, it is evident that some kind of
cotton preceded his planting.
1734. About this time cottou v.as
planted in Georgia from seed sent to
the trustees from England. Ina de
position taken in London in 1739 for
the uso of the trustees of the Georgia
grant it is stated "that the climate of
Georgia is very healthy, and the- cli
mate and soil very fit for raising silk,
wino and cotton, all of which produces
may be raised by white persons with
out the aid of Negroes."
1741. A sample of Georgia cotton
was taken to England.
1742. In Louisiana cotton culture
must have already become quite exten
sive, for we find that in this year a
planter of that state, Mr. Dubrouil,
invented a machine for separating thc
seed from tho fibre; probably only an
adjustment of rollers, lt greatly stim
ulated planting in that colony.
17-17. During this year several bags
of Carolina cotton were exported from
1753. Wo find the first cotton pre
mium recorded. A liberal citizen of
Delaware offers "?4 for the most and
best cotton off au acre."
1770. Shipments to Liverpool, ten
bales from Charleston, three bales
from New York, four bags from Vir
ginia and three barrels full from North
Carolina. About this year southern
planters began turning their attention
to tho cultivation of cotton as a staple
1775. The first manufactory for
cotton, flax and wool was established
in Philadelphia. Throughout tho
Revolution this factory, was supplied
with native cotton at two shillings
per pound. The state of the Colonies
during that period was very similar to
that of the south during our late war;
that they were almost entirely depen
dent on foreign manufacturers was
shown by the destitution of the peoplo
Don't forget the old man
with thc fish on his back, r
For nearly thirty years he
has been traveling "around the
world, and is still traveling,
bringing health and comfort
wherever he goes.
To the consumptive he
brings the strength and flesh
he so much needs.
To all weak and sickly
children he gives rich and
To thin and pale persons
he gives new firm Mesh and
rich red blood.
Children who first saw the
old man with the fish arc now
grown up and have children
of their own.
He stands for Scott's Emul
sion of pure cod liver oil-a
delightful food and a natural
tonic for children, for old folks
and for all who need flesh and
strength.- * \J
SCOTT & COWNB. Chemists.
<ru9-4I5 Pearl Street. New York.
. 60c. and S 1.0 0; alf druggist*.
and the annies. The ragged condition
of the American soldiers and officers
is well-known. Even when Washing
ton's army was partially clothed, it
was in English cloth brought to Amer
ica by way of Holland.
1784. About 14 bales of American
cotton were shipped to England, of
which eight balee were seized in
Liverpool as improperly entered, on
thc ground that so much cotton could
not have been produced in the ?'nited
States, and this was more than 150
years after the 6rst importation into
England of cotton grown in this coun
1TS7. Thc first'regular cotton fac
tory in thc (Jutted .States was built in
this year at Beverly, Mass., "fur
carding, roving arid spinning cotton
by machinery." The legislature made
a grant of L'500 to assist thc new enter
prise. In 178'.*, General Washington
visited this factory.
1791. The average value nf the cot
ton exported this year was lil! cents
per pound; the crop of thc United
I States was about four thousand live
j hundred of present sized hale-, of
I which three-fourths wore grown in
South Carolina and one-fourth in
Georgia. About one-tenth of the crop
17!>!>. This is a memorable year in
the cotton trade, made so by ICH
Whitney's invention of the saw-gin.
1 e was then living in Georgia, had
no mechanical assistance and only the
rudest of tools. Ile even had to make
his own wire hy hand. Before this,
the old-fashioned rollengins were tho
best machines for cleaning cotton,
previous to them, the bowstring had
been used for beating up and cleaning,
while earlier still tho ?only method of
detaching the fibre from tho seed was
by the tedious process of picking with
the fingers, that being the evening
task of many members of a planter's
household in the olden timo. Whit
ney's gin was patented in 1704. The
word gin is an abbreviation of engine.
17H5. The second cotton mill in
the United States erected in Rhode
Island. Georgia cotton of good qual
ity offered in New York at one shill
ing sixpence per pound.
1812. War with England. Thc
price of cotton goods such as had pre
viously been imported from England
at from 17 to 20 cents per yard advan
ced to 70 cents hy the case.
1HK>. Price of cotton in this coun
try 12 cents, in England lOd to 2(id.
Considerable cotton was exported dur
ing the war in neutral vessels to the
continent, whence doubtless much of
it found its way to England.
1815. The rise in the price of
goods during the war had given great
impetus to the erection of mills. In
this year the importation of goods
from England recommenced, prices of
course declined, and many mills that
had been built at extravagant rates
became almost worthless.
1825. After the opening of this
year prices of cotton advanced from
15 to 25 cents in this country, and
fromSd tolled in L iverpool, on a
prospective short supply; consumption
was checked. There was no killing
frost in the cotton states, and some
plants "rattooned" (sprouted from
old roots) the next spring.-From
Latham, Alexander & Co.'s "Move
ments and Fluctuations."
Whereabouts of the Dove.
Major Shattuck, of the signal corps,
tells an amusing story of an oldtimc
"religious revival" meeting in a Ne
gro church near Savannah. In order
that the revival spirit might be quick
ened, it was arranged that the preach
er should give a signal when he
thought the excitement was highest,
and from the attic through a hole cut
ic the ceiling dircotly over the pulpit,
the sexton was to shove a pure white
dove, whose flight around the church
and over thc heads of the audience
was expected to have an inspiring
effect, and as far as emotional excite
ment was k concerned, to oap thc cli
max. All went well at the start; the
church was packed; the preacher'?
text was, "In thc form of a dove,"
aud as he piled up his eloquent pe
riods tho excitement was strong.
Then the opportune moment arrived
-tho signal was given-and the pack
ed audience was scared out of its wits
on looking up to the ceiling and be
holding a cat, with a clothesline
around its middle, yowling and spit
ting, being lowered over the preach
er's head. The preacher called to the
sexton in the attic: "Whar's de
dove?" Aud the sexton's voice came
down through the opening so you
could hear it a block: "Inside the
oat!"-New York Tribune.
rn? ? f
- A woman's idea of a dutiful hus
band is one who owill stay at home
and look after the baby while she
spends thcafternoom shopping.
- If a man knew what his acquain
tances really thought of him he would
go away somewhere and do the hermit
- Whitewash made of quicklime
and ashes will destroy moss on tiles.
- A boy ^weighing one pound on
earth would weigh twenty-seven and a
half pounds on the sun.
- There is something funny about
a rabbit's tail-probably because bre
vity is the soul of wit.
Thc Habit of Lying.
How docs ono become a liar-that is
to say, how does the child discover a
lie and habitually make use of it?
We cat. admit that at the beginning
there is absolute sincerity. Thc child
through all its first years neither lies
nor dissimulates. Its sentiments, ..3
desires, translate themselves into
words and into acts. Its body is the
constant and perfect expession of its
inmost being. Such is the starting
point-sincerity, absolute transpar
There is a multitude of little lies
tolerrted which we treat as pardon
able. We tell thc domestic to say we
are not at home when we are; wc com
pliment people to theirfaccs and criti
cise them when they arc gone; we say
we arc happy to see some one and
directly after speak of having been
annoyed. No moro is necessary. The
example has been give i.
Wc lie to thc child himself. We
are pressed by his many embarrassing
questions and in order to free our
selves from the embarrassment reply
with what is frequently a falsehood.
Some fine day ho discovers thc truth,
and the evil is done. The gravest
case is when thc child is taken as an
accomplice in a lie or when his moth
er tells him, "Above all, do not tell
this to your papa." This is the ruin
of all morality. The third stage is
thc first encounter of thc child with
society; thc first shock with social
life. The child who tells all h?j knows,
sccs and hears, all that he would bet
ter have left unsaid, is called the
"enfant terrible." His parents do
not tell him to lie, but they tell him
it is not necessary to tell all he
thinks. This is extremely serious,
as it teaches the child ho cannot show
himself as ho is. This is tho revela
tion of the lie obligatory. Above all,
among his oomrades he quickly learns
to dissimilate, because if he is naive
expresses all his joys, pains, desires
-they make sport of him; nay, worse
they abuse his confidence; the hopes,
projects which ho has confided to
them he some day sees used against
Thus tho impossibility of living
without lying is revealed to him. So
ciety excuses certain forms of lying
which are inspired by a feeling of
politeness, modesty, .shame.
Thc child becomes a liar because all
the world about him lies. The dis
tinction between the liar and the man
of sincerity is only relative. There
aro in reality only two categories
those who content themselves with
the lies exacted by social life and
those who have habituated them
selves to lying more than society wishes
to lie because of some personal in
An important cause in the develop
ment of lying in children is the em
ployment of excessive and ill advised
punishments. The child who becomes
a liar is the one who lives in perpetual
terror of reproaches, humiliation or
strokes. The lie for him is a supreme
Champ Claris tells one on General
"Joe" Wheeler: "When the Spanish
War was brewing General Wheeler
was anxious to get into the fight, if
there was to be one. An ex-Confed
erate met him on the avenue and said:
'General, why are you so anxious for
a scrap with Spain?' 'Sir,' replied
the Genera], 'it's my trade-my
trade.' His daughter said to the Gen
eral that surely he had had enough of
fighting to satisfy any reasonable man
from 18G1 to 1865, and he should stay !
at homo and let the young men do the
fightiug. 'Now, daughter,' said the
General, 'if a fish had been out of wa
ter thirty odd years and came in sight
of a nice-looking lake he would wiggle
a little, at any rate, wouldn't he?'
And the old warrior did wiggle into
the thickest of the fight."
Judge W. H. Simmons, of San
Francisco has at. enviable talent as a
story-teller. He has never been
know.i to relate an o?d story unless by
request. One of his yarns is of a citi
zen who died, leaving a somewhat un
enviable name. The preacher who
was called in to officiate at thc funeral
deemed it his duty to eulogize tho de
ceased. He had proceeded some dist
ance with his laudatory remarks, when
an astonished friend of the dead man
leaned over to an acquaintance and
whispered: "Say, Billy, ore there
two funerals here to day?"
This signature) is on every box ot tho genuine
Laxative Broro-Quinine T*bi?t?
tho remedy that euroa a cold In ODS (3CJT
. mm . mm
- An income tax is the price of
admission to H theatre.
- Love is still blind, so there's no
use wasting gas on it.
- The gangway seems to be the
path that leads to political glory.
- No one wants to put out the
female who is ablaze with diamonds.
- A man of high berth is ono who
oooupies an "upper" in a sleeping ear.
- When a man barely misses the
last train he experiences a feeling of
Plain EngliKh Wanted.
"There*a a physician ia my towu," j
said a Cincinnati drummer, "who ha? !
a eon whom he is instructing io the
rudiments of the profession, but just
at present the young fellow is think
ing of a great many things not down
in the books. He has a lot of rapid
young compaoions of the slangy sort,
and be is master of them all. Indeed
his language is at times so utterly
modern as to be almost unintelligible
to the old-fashioned people, who learn
ed ?.heir language out of Webster's j
dictionary. The other day a patient ;
was brought into the doctor's office j
and the son happened to bc present. ?
" 'Thc; man is suffering from mania I
a potu,' said the doctor after a brief I
" 'What was that?' inquired thc i
son, with an evident effort to catch the 1
"Mania a potu-delirium tremens." |
" 'Oh,' commented the youngster, |
'you mean the jim jams, the d. t.'s,
the delirious triuiD ings. the gorlma- j
gius, io you,' I "''.pposo. I'll get next |
to this medical racket before the fin- j
ish, but until I do I wiab you would
talk plain English for my benefit, |
- What is the sense of a woman
having her dress ten inches longer ?
third it ought to be and holding it up
fifteen inches than is really necessary.
- Horses rarely live to a greater age [
than thirty, and are not generally very j
serviceable for Bpeed or hard work
more than half that long. Custer's
horse, which was the only thing to es
cape when the Indians massacrfrtkCus
ter and his soldiers on the Little Big
Horn, lived to the age of forty-five.
- There was enough "old corn"
stored in granaries in Canaan co feed
the whole body of invading Israelites
for a year. They numbered 601,730
fighting men, their wives, and camp
- Incidents of the recent visit of !
the circus to Charlotte continue to bob ;
up. Animal Btories are always good
aod there is nothing better than those
io which elephants are concerned.
After th-3 show had wound up Satur
day night a heavily loaded circus wag-,
on, in erossing the bridge over the
railroad, on Morehead avenue, broke
through the flooring. Two wheels
dropped down to the hubs and there
the big wagon stuck. The street oars
were stopped and traffic of all kinds
was congested on either side of the
bridge. The circus people, after many
ineffectual efforts to get the wagon off,
seot for two trained elephants. The
big animals were brought to thc scene
and the keeper pointed out the situa
tion to them. They moved up to the
wagon and by way of making a test,
put their trunks under it and gave a
lift. The wagon did not bud^e. Then
they drew back, flourished their truuks
and snorted some sort of elephant talk
into each other's ears. They put their
trunks under the wagon once more,
gave a pull and lifted thc wagon out as
if it had been nothing but a pasteboard
affair. Then the elephants caressed
themselves in their cumbersome way,
clumsily turned around and waited
orders, while the wagon was pulled off
and the bridge cleared for traffic.
---rn* O p.
Stops the Cough and Works off the
Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets cure
a cold in one day. No cure, No Pay.
Price 25 cents.
- Indian corn was onco called Tur
key corn, under the belief that it came
from the Turks. In Europe it is now
known by its Indian name, maize. In
Spanish America it is known by no
- In Egypt incubators, much of the
pattern as those now in use, were used
4000 years ago.
- The ancient Egyptians Grstoured
hay, first practiced rotation of crops
and stored grain in granaries.
\ The great rheumatic remedy not only cures every A
A form of rheumatism, but makes radical cures of
I Contagious Blood Poison, ^
Scrofula/Sores, Boils, Catarrh, .
5and all diseases arising from impurities in the blood. 9
Endorsed by physicians and prominent people every- ?
? where after thorough trial. ^
?DO?S NOT INJURE THE DIGESTIVE ORGANS. ?
T~ " RAI/EIOU, N. C. 4
Gentlemen :-1 take pleasure In bearing testimony to the curative properties V
3 of your " ItHKUMACIDE. Two bottles cured my son of a had case. If this will I"
? be of any bcnoflt to you in advertising your meritorious remedy, you can use Itv J?
V Yours truly, W. H. RAND, Steward State Blind Institution. y
? AH Druggists, $i.oo; or prepaid on receipt of price. Ri
H Bobbitt Chemical Co., - - v Baltimore, nd. ?
FOR SALE B7 EVANS PHARMACY._
WE have prepared for Hard Times
by buying tbe LARGEST Stock of
Ever in Anderson, and have bought
at Hard Times Prices. There will be
no Hard Times for you when you buy
from us, for we have the prices lower
than you have ever heard of them be?
fore, and you can now buy two dol
lars worth of Furniture for one.
. Come to see us and we will convince
you of the fact that you can SAVE
money by buying any price of Furni
ture from us.
LAUGEST STOrK, LOWEST PRICES, BEST iJOODS.
Cs. F. TOLLY & SON, Depot Street
UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.
RUBBER ano LEATHEK BELT in all widths.
Our celebrated Carbon Rubber Belt has beeu on this market for the
past seven years. The quality is the best put into any Belt of same price.
Each year shows increased sales *
Our "Akron" Leather Belt ia the best that money can buy.
Pipe and Pipe Fittings.
Injectors and Inspirators.
Packing of all kinds.
Wood Split Pulleys, Shafting, &c.
Everything needed by the man running machinery can be found in ou r
Sullivan Hardware Co.
Ajad r?ow it's...
A.s well as??.
Organs and Sewing Machines
We waut to tell you about, but you T?i?l have to come to the Store. '
paper is not big enough to tell you about all the good thing? we have for
and leave any space tor other news.
Prices have surely taken a tumble.
Good Sewing Machine (new) for $15 50 just to reduce stock
THE C. A. REED MUSIC HOUSE.
People's Friend !
Who?-The Dollar !
DON'T fail to se? the grand Axel Ma
chino that \V. M. Wallace has purchased
to savH people money ou thoir Buggies,
Carriage, ?fcc. This is the greatest Ma
chine that has over buen Invented lu this
countrv. lt" ?aves yon putting on new
Axel Points. Thin only costs you $2.00
to make your old Buggies rldo like new
ones. Don't fail to come to *e? UP. Also,
will shrink your Tires for 37ic each, and
guarantee satisfaction. Horse Shoeing a
specialty. You will lind us below
Jail, on the corner.
W. M. WALLACE.
OUB NEW TIRE SETTER
C \N tighten your Tires while they
are cold without taking them off
wheels or taking out bolts. Leave
the wheels in perfect shape and dish
just right. Can do the work in one
third time it requires the old way.
Don't wait 'till your wheels are ruin
ed. Bring them on and see how nice
ly we can do the work.
PAUL E. STEPHENS.
Watches and Jewelry.
Watohes and Jewelry of all kinds Re
paired promptly. Give me a call.
JOHN S. CAMPBELL.
Money to Loan at 7 per Ct.
I have several Thousand Dollars that 1
will loan oo Farm inn Lands in Ander
son County at Seven per cent- interest.
Will loan you any amount from Three
Hundred Dollars up.
. H. G. MCADAMS,
Attorney s* Law. andeiBon, H. C.
July 9, 1802_ 3 3m
*t.i?nn*<l NctitHinle tn K.Teot
Juno Loth, 1001.
" liam well.
Ar. QreenT?le... ."77._
E Atlanta, (Pan.Tim a)
11 00 p m
12 Ut) n't
2 00 a m
2 45 a ni
4 05 a m
0 40 a zn
8 55 p tn
4 a pm
TOO p m
*' Piedmont ...
Ar. Anderson ..."
LT. Belton ......
a 2o p
0 50 p m
7 12 p m
0 40 a ra
10 06 a m
10 25 a ra
8 15 p m
7 85 p m
8 06 p m
0 05 p m
ll 15 a ra
10 45 a m
11 10 a ra
Ar. Charleston ...
* ^ .. -g ..-.
12 01 n'n
8 20 p
8 W p
9 10 p
10 15 p
10 S3 p
11 50 p
2 82 a
8 45 a
4 25 a
5 67 a
7 00 a
11 80 a
12 15 p
2 00 p
2 22 p
B 10 p
7 15 p
" Summerville "
" .Branchville. "
" Oran gobur g "
" ..Ringville.. "
Lv.. Savannah.. Ar
.* ..Barnwell.. "
?. ..Bin ck vi Ho.. "
" .."Alston.... "
" ...Santuo... "
" ..... Union..?
Ar 8par tanbar g Lv
Lv Spar tanbar g Ar
7 80 p
6 42 p
4 42 p
2 15 p
13 15 p
ll 87 a
ll 17 o
ll 05 a
6 67 a
8 07 a
a 63 a
5 42 p
?T" p. m. "A" a. m. "N" night. .
DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE BETWEEN
CHA2L2STON AND GREENVTLLE.
Pullman palaoe sleeping oars en Trains 85 and
16,87 and 88, on A. and O. division. Dining ears
an them trama serve all meals en route.
Trains leave Bpartanburg, A. A O. division,
porthbound, 6A8 a. m., 8:87 p. m., 0:12 p. m.,
[Vestibule Limited) and OAS p. m.; south
bound 18:20a. m^ 8:15 p. m., 11:40 s. tn,, (Vestir
Mle limited), ana 10:3b a. m.
Trains leave Greenville, A. and C division,
northbound, 6:65 a. m.( 2:84 th m end Suspira.,
(Vestibule LUnltod}. and 5*5 p. m.j .?rata
bound. l^S a. m..4:89p. m., 18:40 p.m. (Tesis*
bule Limited), and 11:80a. m. ?J
Trama 15 and lt-Pullman Bleepias; Oar?
seiwean Charleston and AsherUl?.
Esml Pullman Drawiajr-Kfiom SleenCnc
B.M OF ANDERSON,
J, A. BROCK, President.
JOS. N. BROWN, Vice President.
B. F. MAULDIN. Cashier.
THE Largest, strongest Bank ?n tll
Interest Paid on Deposits
By special agreement.
With rusurpaased facilities andreaour.
oes we aie at all times prepared to as
commodate our customers.
Jan 10,1000 29
MR. A. T. SKELTON has been
engaged by the Anderson Mutual Fire
insurance Co to inspect the buildings
insured in this Company, and wul
commence work on the first of July.
Policy-holders are requested to have
their Policies at hand, so there will
be no unnecessary delay in the in
ANDERSON MUTUAL FIRE U
SUR ANCE CO.
_ HAIR BALSAM
Cleanse* ead bsamiflee th? h&
Promotes a hrrorlxnl growth,
novor Taila to ? ettore On*
Bair to ita Youthful Color;
Cu rei scalp ilrt^ziz i iiih ui?rc
?Qc, ind 11.00 ?t Druggy*1
SENT FREE to all
osen ol morphine,
elixir of opium, eo
cal no or whiskey, a
large book ot cy
tloolars on home or
meat. Address, B.
M. WOOLLKY CO.,
IO*. N. Pr vor Street,
E. o. MCADAMS,
ATTORNEY AST LAW,
ANDERSON, S. C.
?&- Office In Judge of Probate's office,
in the C ourt House.
BANNER 8A LYE;
th? moat healing naive In the world.
CHARLESTON ANO WESTERN
AUUUBTA ANOAHHKVILLKBHOBX LIM
In o fleet July Gth, 1902.
LT Augusta... 10 10 am
Ar Greenwood*. 12 41 pm
L.i Laurene. 1 46 pm
Ar Greenville.................... 8 25 pm
Ar Glenn Hprlrigs..... 4 00 pm
Ar Bpartanburg........., S 80 pm
Ar Saluda..?.I 5 88 pm
Ar Hendeiaonvllle. & ll pm
Ar AihOTille.. | V IS pm
7 is pa
LT Glenn Springs.
LT Laurena. ...
12 01 pm
IO 00 om
12 15 pm
1 65 pm
2 Al pmi.
S 20 pm ll 88
1 A2 pm
3 88 pm
4 BS pm
LT AndoraoD........... .
Ar Port Boral..
Ar Charleston (Sou)....
Ar Savannah (Cofga).
7 SS ami
6 60 pm
6 80 pm
7 60 pm
'7 &> pm
Closo connection at Calhoun Folio for all points
on 8. A. L. Railway, and at Bpartanburg for Soo.
For any Information relative to tickets, c.
echedulei, otc, address .
Ernest Williams. Gea. Pase. Agent, AugmU.66.
T. M. Smerson .Trame Manager.
J. Reese Pant, Agent, Anderson, S. C.
Blue Ridge Railroad.
Effective April 8.1902._,
P. M.|A. M.|P. M.IP- M,
f 7 03
I 7 80
No. ? Dally
At Walhalla........!.}..._.j 1 25r>|....-I
Will alsoitop attbe following stations to Uk?
on and let ott passendere: Pblnney's, J?T.?-.^.,.
dy Baringa, Weat AndeiBOn, Adan e. Jordan?
jioctlon. J. B. ANDERSON,
H. C BEATTIE Superintendent.
ATLANTIC COAST HW
Between North and East and
? V?E8T INPE8
Pullman Vestibule Sleeping and
Dining Cars Between New
York and Port Tampa,
For Maps, Rates, Schedules or??J
information, write to
W. J CRM?,
Gen. Passenger Agt,