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I). 1. Walden, in
There were many goo.i men i:i tho
ranks of thc Ten t'a Georgia, many true
and faithful soldiers who could li . d..
pended upon to do !' i!! nu inure
pf duty on ail sorts of < cc.1 -?. -. i" all
sorts of onicrgonoic?, h.'ut iii eve was
one among us, Tl.cai.'..? .! oh ii -m. w lio.se
sincere dcvo; i.m io .. . y. .'. tri ug brave
ry and skill! u' :. in the use ol his
weapons seemed 1 ? eriiiile li'in lo spe
cial consid?r?t ?MI. Ile w:;? large and
portly, i liddy, li lit hean eil, jovial and
endowed with a remarkable capacity
for prom in -r mirth, '.!.'.?.. i'u !:..:. - and
xuerrimcnf among those with whom lie
niingli 1 and he enjoyed tho sinccie
friendship and esteem of a very large
proportion of li ii acquaintances, ile
had made ? j u i t < ; a reputation, in his
native neighborhood, near Jonesboro,
Ga., as an expert marksman, by his
aptitude at hitting the hull's eye, at
shooting matches and his readiness in I
bringing down game. He had been to
Kansas as a member 01 the southern 1
delegation that went out to oppose the
John Brown faction in that memora
ble struggle for party supremacy that
characterized the early history of that
territory, and he was sometimes called
"Kansas Toni Johnson," to distin
guish him from other Tom .Johnsons
in the same neighborhood. When our
civil war broke nut Tom enlisted in
our company, at Jonesboro, Ga., and
while wc were drilling and making
Other preparations for our departure
?r the war, Tom became involved in a
. ?pule over some trivial matter and
was violently assaulted by three stal
wart ruffians, who made a desperate
effort to punish him for his indiscre
tion in differing with them in opinion.
By means of dexicrious and well aim
ed blows, with his formidable list,
Tom very readily repulsed them and
inflicted tho greater part of the pun
ishment upon them. Notwithstanding
his victory Tom immediately left our
company and joined another that was
being formed in the neighboring town
of Fayetteville, but owing to the fact
that thc Jonesboro and Fayetteville
companies both joined tho Tenth
Georgia regiment, wo still kept Tom
Johnson with us. After entering into
aotual 8ervico Tom's fearlessness aud
skill won for him groat fame and his
services were io almost constant de
mand for difficult and dangerous un
dertakings, and his natural love of
adventuro found abundant gratifica
tion in the perform ince of duties from
whioh others, less venturesome than
himself, would have instinctively
shrunk. His faith in the ultimate
triumph of our causo was steadfast
and unwavering and he would never
under any circumstances admit the
possibility of our defeat.
While on the retreat from tho pen
insula to Richmond, as we were pass
ing through an old field, somebody
discovered the form of a Yankee sol
dier in tho top of a distant tree, ap
parently watching the movements of
our army and Tom Johnson's attention
was called to him. Tom thought ho
eould kill him, but others contended
that ho was entirely too far off to bo
in any dangorfrom even Toni's gun.
After parleying for a few minutes,
Tom observed that it was a question
that admitted of proof and stopping
on the roadside, he said: "Now, you
just watch aud see how he behaves
when I shoot," and adjusting his gun
eights to tho longest possible range,
he raised his gun to his shoulder, took
aim, fired and tho Yankee dropped
from tho tree. Of course it was im
possible for us to obtain any particu
lars of thc man's injuries, but there
was uo doubt that he had fallen from
the tree. At the battle of Sharps
burg, Maryland, Tom was severely
wounded by a ball that entered his
body in front just below the breast
bone, passed almost centrally through
ais body, among tho vital organs and
came out near thc spiual column, ile
was carried homo in October, 1SG2,
and remained with his family about
two months, when although still suf
fering considerably from his wound,
lie returned to his command against
the earn' st remonstrances of his fami
ly, friends and physicians, and re
ported for duty. About this time he
was armed with a new, imported
Whitworth rifle, which was probably
the most perfect and up-to-date gun
an esi?i? anoe at that time, and assigned
to special duty as a sharpshooter, and
from that time fujrth, wo saw him only
when ho made us an 00. .".ional visit.
We beard many thrilling accounts of
Tom's daring exploits, but unfortu
nately, not having personally wit- '
nessed any of them, very few aro re
membered with sufficient distinctness
. to j?dmit, of- their portrayal with any
<<legiee of acouraoy. Ho beoame one
<of tho most efficient and reliable
?couts in the service and waa fre
quently sent around in the rear of the
enemy's lines on important missions,
.and being ever faithful ta the trusts
.reposed to him, ho won the unbound
ed confidence aud esteem ol' his supe
? ri ?r officers.
I It was claimed, upon apparently
...-."-il authority, that .1 bullet from
Tom's rille killed (??crierai Sedgewiek
! and for many years we heard of no at
tempt tu contradict the claim, hut
j ..??;:;- recently th?; performance of that
j important died has been claimed for
iim?:.lier and th" ditticulty of verifying
! such a claim aL tlii.s late day, after tho
' witnesses have probably all passed
: a\v:.y, will leave L!;-.- incition in per
, mancnt doubt, hut To tu'H f* r i. * n ' J will
; always believe that he hilled him or
j at least, as one ?d' them lias expressed
it. "We know that Toni killed him if
the opportunity wai afforded him."
Wc have never claimed that thc
j Truth (Jcorgi* regiment was present
? or took any part in tito (iring upon
! thc general. Tom Johnson was, at
j that time, detached from our regiment
entirely. I remember something of
! au account of an encounter Tom had
with two mounted Yankees in which
TOMI killed both his antagonists, and
when ho visited us afterwards, ho
showed us two bright new Colt's pis
tols, of the latest improved pattern,
which he had taken from thc bodies
of his victims, but the details of that
exciting struggle are not well remem
bered. Tom was killed September 17,
18(54, while ho and a companion were
attempting to return, through tho
famous Chickahominy swamp, from
an expedition in the rear of the ene
my's lines. They were passing near
the edge of a dense thicket of bushes,
when they were suddenly (ired upon
by a company of Yankees in ambush,
and Tom's thigh was broken. He
hopped rapidly away, on Iiis other leg,
about forty yards, to a rail fence, and
while attempting to alimb the fence,
he was shot again, through the body
and fell upon thc ground apparently
dead. His companion mado good his
escape and afterwards related to mo
theso particulars of Tom's tragic
death, although his name and much of
story arc forgotten.
In November, 1863,fourteen months
after Tom's death, his widow received
a letter from a man in Virginia who
claimed to have found Tom, after he
had been mortally wounded, picked
him up, carried him home wi*h him,
and eared for him till the time of his
death, which occurred about twenty
four hours after ho was shot. During
that time he gave the man the name
and address of his wife, diotated a
farewell message to her and the chil
dren, and requested that it be sent
them ns soon as postal communication
should be restored.
Tom Johnson's family are still liv
iug in Fayette county, Georgia, near
where Tom left them.
BESIEGED BY INDIANS.
How Texas Hungers. Saved thc Family
of a Buffalo Hunter.
"A short time ago," writes a corre
spondent, "I took a buckboard at
Stamford, in Jones county, which is
the northwestern Texas terminus of
the Texas Central railroad, and drove
to Flat Top Mountain, a distanco of
twenty miles, through a pasture, which
inclosed under one fence 100,000 acres
of grazing land. Flat Top is one of
thousands of buttes scattered irregu
larly in that region. From its pinna
cle one can see as far as vision.eau
reach. It is now a hind of farmers
and stock raisers, but when I was
there, between twenty and thirty
years ago, it was a land of death and
"In 187(>, the year of thc Custer ca
lamity on tho Little Big Horn, oeiug
then a Texas ranger, I halted nt Flat
Top with a squad of eight rangers.
Hy some strange means the Comanches
and Apaches just beyond tho Texas
border, had learned of the incidont of
tho Little Nig Horn, and, elated with
thc success of the Sioux, the Southern
savages were bent upon massacre
Reynolds, a sergeant, called 'Mago,
was in command. Standing on tho
peak of the butte he saw through his
telescope a string of warriors, 200 in
number, moving rapidly toward tho
site now occupied by Stamford, whero
a dugout sheltered tho family of a buf
falo hunter. 'Wo must save them,
Reynolds said, and iu less than five
minutes seven men were trotting to
ward the advancing linc of Coman
ches. The eighth nun was galloping
southward to secure.reinforcements.
"Tho wife and children of the hun
ter wero taken up behind the rangers,
and by a rapid march a rugged hillock
was reaohed just in time. Tho rang
ers were armed with carbines and re
volvers, and Mrs. Carr, tho wife of
the trapper, had a looge-rango buffalo
gun, left at home by her husband,
who had started a week before to trap
caver on the upper fork*; of the Colo
rado. The Comanches were allowed
to ride within close range, when a vol
ley unhorsed five of their number and
disclosed our position. Surprised and
no doubt badly frightened, they re
treated in confusion. Our horses,
which we had abandoned, were run
ning over the range, aud were soon
caught by our foes.
4 * I?y thc number of horses they as
certained our strength, except that
Mrs. Carr was not figured in their cal
culations, and thc warriors began prep
arations fora siege. We had a few
pounds of jerked buffalo meat and a
little bread. Water was a gravo con
sideration, and wo felt the more con
cerned because of the fact that the
children were already crying from
thir>t. After dark we found a email
spring at the foot of our natural for
tress, and we soon lilied our canteens.
Tho food supply was placed in Mrs.
Carr's hands, and she proved a vivan
di?re worthy of thc trust. We ascer
tained afterward that during the thir
ty-six hours of the siege she ate noth
ing, dividing her share auiong her
little ones, and leaving all the rest for
''To cut the ??tory short, thc Coman
ches made desperate efforts to rush
our furtress, each time retiring with
loss, Mrs. Carr slaying a big buck with
u bullet from her heavy c- hiuc. Our
courier returned at sunset on thc sec
ond day of the siege, accompanied by
Mr. Carr and thirty cowboys from a
Coleman county ranch. After a fierce
battle the reinforcing men broke
through the cordon of savages and en
tered oar fortress, bringing plenty of
food, ammunition and water. Tho
day following the Comanches raised
the siege and departed toward the
Double Mountaiu fork of the Brazos
river. They left their dead, seven
teen in number, being in a hurry to
get away, because, as we afterward
learned, Major John 13. Jonen, the
commander-in-chief of the ranger f orce
of Texas, was approaching thc scene
from thc Panhandle, with three troops
j of his noted Indian fighters, following
the trail of tho raiding red men.
"Tho youngest of the Carr children
died of croup during the siege. Three
of our garrison were wounded by tho
bullets of our foes, having been in
cautious in thc efforts to obtain ad
vantageous shots. One of the three,
John Ward, died. We buried the
child and the ranger in the same gravo,
one of the men reading tho Episcopal
"Tho grave of John Ward and little
Lucy Carr can still be discerned by
the inscription it bears, roughly out
with a tomahawk on the sandstone
monument we placed at the head of
the doublo grave. It is a ruggd stone,
honey-combed and lichen-grown, and
weighs a ton or more, lt took our
combined strength to turn it over.
All the tomahawks we oould procure
were worn out chipping a smooth sur
face for the epitaph, whioh reads:
" 'Here lies John Ward, a ranger,
and Lucy Carr, in whoso defence he
died. Soft rest tho prairie turf upon
tho breasts of tho ranger and the little
"Major Jones overtook the warriors,
recovering our horses and many more
tho raiders had captured. While re
treating and fighting the rangers, in
reverse, they ran into a squadron of
United Statua dragoons, and between
tho rangers and the regulars the Co
manches were pulverized, losing, to
gether with those slain in the siego of
the butte, 114 of the 200 warriors who
started that moon on the warpath."
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
General Evans Makes Correction About
General Clement A. Evans, com
manding the Confederate Veterans of
Georgia, has written a card in which
he corrects thc impression that Charles
Broadway Rouss-would not pay $100,
000 to the Battle Abbey. Gen. Evans
Editor thc Journal: The Journal
made a singular mistake Monday af
ternoon in announcing in headlines
that the heirs of Mr. Rouss would net
pay his donation of $100,000 to the
Battle Abbey. There has already been
paid tho sum of $G0,000by Mr. Rouss,
which is safe in tho treasury at Rich
mond and the heirs of Mr. Kouss are
anxious to pay thc remaining $40,000
as soon as tho contributions from
other sources reach $100,000. Tho
gift by Mr. Rouss was made on the
condition that tho friends of tho Con
federate veterans would raise another
$100,000 so as to make the whole $200,
"Thero is yet about $50,000 to raise
to meet this amount and the work of
Dr. J. M. Jones, who is now superin
tendent of tho Battlo Abbey, is to
raiso this amount and as much more
as possible. Dr. Jones is well known
in Georgia and all over the South, and
I feel sure he will succeed.
I fear that the statement by the
Journal will give trouble unless cor
rected, because the Journal has a wide
circulation, and I will, therefore, ask
the Jourual to make the correction.
Clement A. Evans.
Stops the Couflh and Works off the
Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets our?
a eold in one day. No eure, No Pay.
Price 25 oents.
The St. Louis Flying Prizes.
In order to encourage those who are
engaged in that field of invention, the
directors of the Louisiana Purchase
exposition have appropriated the sum
of $200,000, of which $50,000 will Le
reserved for expeuses connected with
the competition and exhibition, $100,
000 will be given as a grand prize to
the exhibitor of the most perfect ve
hicle shown in thc form of an airship,
and $50,000 will be awarded in smaller
prizes to other inventors.
The competition is open to all com
ers without limitation as to the power
used or the mechanical principles in
volved, hut 00 one will be admitted
who has not already made a flight of
at least one mile and return. A course
has been prescribed within thc expo
sition inclosnre which must be fol
lowed for not less than ton or more
than fifteen miles at a speed of at least
twenty miles an hour.
Thc trials will take nlace between
June 1 and September 30, 1004. Vari
ous prizes are offered for other eon
tests, which arc open to balloons, air
ships and other aeronautical vehicles
of any type.
Five thousand dollars for the great
est altitude attained.
Five thousand dollars for the long
est time in thc air.
Five thousand dollars for the long
est distance traveled in any direction.
Five thousand dollars to thc man
who starts from St. Louis and lands
nearest the Washington Monument,
in the city of Washington.
Thc management of thc contest will
be in the hands of an international
jury, which will be made up of famous
men of science. Already notice has
been received that fifteen entries have
been made, including all of tho most
advanced airships yet known. Pro
fessor Alexander Graham Bell, the
inventor of tho telephone; Pro
fessor Langley, of the Smithsonian in
stitute; Dr. Maxim, who has devised
many remarkable guns; Santos Du
mont, the Brazilian, who has taken
thc big prizes in Franoc; Octave Cha
nute, Mr. Stevens, an Englishman;
Professor Laurence Botch, of Blue
Hills, Mass. ; Count von Zeppellin, a
Bavarian, and other aeronauts in Eu
rope and America have already enter
ed or aro expected to enter. The
competition if creating more interest
on the other side of the Atlantic than
The largest sensation in the way of
a flying ship has been constructed by
Count von Zeppellin, who has been
experimenting all summer from a float
anchored in Lake. Constance, Switzer
land, where he has a large open space
without obstructions. As his float
swings with the wind the longitudinal
axis of the airship is always in the
line of the direction of the wind.' His
ship is a 24-sided polygon, oigar
Bhp.ped, 410 feet long and 30 feet in
The framework is composed of six
teen rings of aluminum, 26 feet apart, '
fastened to a central rod by wires
radiating like the spokes of a wheel.
The framework is first covered with a
netting of ramie fibre, remarkable for
toughness and tensile strength, then
with a gas ard water-tight rubber
composition, and further protected by
an envelope of tough cloth. The
cylinder is divided into seventeen
compartments like a steamer, each of
which is filled independently with gas,
HO that if the ship meets with a col
lision only a portion of it will be in
jured. It has a capacity of 350,150
cubie feet of hydrogen gas, is propell
ed by four benzine motors and steered
hy four aluminum propellers, two at
eaoh end below thc- central axis. The
cylinder rests upon two oars of alumi
num, 22 feet long, six feet wide and
three feot high, and is connected with
the axis by coiled springs to break the
force of a fall upon the ground. If
the car should descend in tho air, the
weight of the lower works would keep
the wheels beneath it, and the springs
would prevent the cylinder from being
mashed by contaot.
Prof. Boll was experimenting in
Nova Scotia last summer, and thore
have been report? of successful flights
by him. Prof. Langley has also been
engaged with his flying maohino, but
they aro not yet prepared to disclose
what they have accomplished. '
Tho St. Louis peoplo havo received
many curious suggestions. One man
writes that he is training teams of
buzzards, eagl"? and other big birds to
haul a car through tho air, and in
quires as to his chances of winning
the $100,000 prize.-Chicago Record
Popping the Question.
A bashful Irish swain wished to j
make a proposal of marriage, bnt his
oourage failed him, and he induced
his sistor to bcoome an intermediary,
he romaining outside the half dosed
door, hidden, but within earshot, to
hear the result.
It was not favorable. The fair ono
saucily tossed her head and replied:
"Indade, now, if I'm goodenough
tobe married, I'm good enough to be
Hearing this, the anxious lover
thrust his head inside the door and
"Norah, darlin,' will ye do what
Maggie axed ye?"
Ways of the Mexicans.
School children study their lessons
The best grade of coif ec ?re sold at
The Mexican meal consists of moro
kinds of meat than vegetables.
Railways, street cars and cabs all
provide three classes of conveyances.
In the cities real estate is sold by
the square meter instead of the front
Fruit and vegetables are not sold by j
measure, but by the dozen or by \
Theatre managers arc fined if they j
do not produce the cast and features
Many tailors take thc clothes of
their eu->Louiers tu the patron's home
to try them on. j
Mexican men of the lower classes !
wear the biggest hats in the world,
tho women none at all.
Sunday is thc great amusement day. ,
All big entertainments are reserved
for this general holiday.
A servant is called or a coach stop
ped by hissing or clappiug the hands
instead cf shouting or whistliug.
Pork and beef markets are, as a
rule, separato institutions, as a liceuse
is exacted for the sale of each kiud of
Gentlemen not only tip their hats
to ono another, but they are as care
ful to remove them in your office as in
The streets in most of the smaller
towns aro lowest in the middle, slop
ing from thc sidewalks to tho drain
on tho surface.
The Mexicans are great smokers,
the cigarettebeinggenerally preferred,
but chewing tobacco is practically un
known among tho native population.
Bread is universally baked lu small
French loaves that retail for 2 cents
each and an entire piece is served to
each person at a meal without cutting.
The delivery of all light retail goods,
such as groceries, queensware, etc.,
is effected by cargadores, who carry
the packages in baskets or boxes on
New? Year's Day is an important
anniversary. Presents are exchanged
quite as generally as upon Christmas
and friends send cards bearing liest
wishes for the new year.
Mexican gentlemen recognize a lady
acquaintance first when they meet
upon the street and the lady, as a
rule, returns only the most formal
bow without change of facial expres
All checks, bills and documents of
record must bear revenue stamps, and
the prinoipal books of commercial
houses are liable to inspection from
Government tax authorities at any
As alfalfa and grass grow all the
year round in most parts of Mexico,
dry hay is practically unknown. City
animals are supplied with green fod
der delivered in small bundles every
day. It is delivered from house to
house loaded on burros.
Tho licenseb of street peddlers and
small boothB are collected daily. The
collector for tbe city calls every morn
ing and determines thc tax from the
amount cf stock on hand. Taxes are
collected as low as a few cents a day.
Coupon tickets are given as receipts.
-"William D. Crawford, 15 years
old, of Now Jersey, haR a band of re
markable rats, whioh he has trained
after six months of patient work.
Eaoh has an apartment in a oagc.
At tho boy's call eaoh rat will respond
to his name, oomming forth from the
cage with a flag of a nation. They form
in line and go through military evolu
tions in sharp time. Then a. sham
?L I SHiGadaohe*
There's many a cause for headache.
Men are not often troubled by headaches.
When they are it is generally due to bil
iousness or indigestion. But womea
have headaches which seem peculiar to
their sex, frequent nervous throbbing
headaches. Does it not seem as if such
headaches peculiar to -women must be at
once related to womanly disease?. Wom
en who suffer with diseases peculiar to
the sex do not realize the drain of vital
strength and nerve force they undergo
as a consequence of disease. It is this
which causes the familiar headaches of
sick women. , .
Dr. Pierce's Favorita Prescription
cures such headaches by curing the
cause-irregularity, weakening drains,
inflammation, ulceration or female weak
ness. ?Favorite Prescription" invigor
ates and tones up the entire system, en
courages the appetite, quiets the nerves
and gives refreshing sleep.
? I \ros troubled with congestion of the o tenn
and female weakness for BY* years"writes Mrs.
Robt. Kerwin, of Albert, H*?tlnrj Co. Ont.
? Was so weak and nervous I ?coM hardly do
?ny work. Had serer* paid h? back, also ?Mi
nees and pola In head. My heartwoaVd beatso
hard andTast ot times X would hove to tit edit
tiU I got aU right again. But ?ACT taking foer
hottlea of Dr. Pierce's Fa^t* Prescription and
one of hi* .Golden Medical Disedregr* ? fett
entirely waa 1 ah? used one bim of'lotion
Tablets' and ona cT^PPOshorks'ss directed.
All the symptoms cf my trouble hare disap
peared and I om completely earea. I thank you
for your kind advice and your medicine.*
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets dear the
complexion and sweeten the breath.
Thc Kind You Have Always Bought, and whieii has be?a
in uso for over 30 years, lias borne tho Signatare of
^-/? ? ur and has been niado under his pcr
X>&ffl7^^/ sonal supervision since its i?'f"acy,
\0u&ry% /-???C/U/lt Allovi no ono to deceive you in thu*.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ?? Just-as-good" are l>uj
Experiments that trifio with and endanger tho health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment,
What is CASTO RIA
Castoria is a harmless substituto for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant, it
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worn?
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Const%mtiou
and Flatulency. It assimilates tho Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
Tho Children's Panacea-Tho Mother's Friend.
GENUINE C?STOR?? ALWAYS
Bears the Signature ol
The KM You Haye Always Bought
in Use For Over SO Years.
TMS cer.TAun COMPANY. TT Munn?? OTPtET. NIW YOB? crrv.
WE invito the privilege. We use the best quality of every drug ; *e
exercise the moat exacting care with every part of the work. We produce
medicine that brings the best possible results. We charge only a living
profit above the cost ot material*.
Let Us Fill Your Prescriptions.
D. S. VANDIVER, K. P. VANDIVER
ANDERSON, 8. C., October 8, 1902.
We propose pulling trade our way this Fall, and hive made prices on
goo'I, reliable, honest Goods that will certainly bring it
We have the strongest line of Men's, Women's a od Children's SHOES
we have ever shown, and have them marked down so law that every pair is a
great value, We have another big lot of Sample Shoes chat we throw oa
the market at factory prices. Come quick whilo we havd your size.
We are money-savers ou 6ROCERIE3. Best Patnnt Flour 84.50 per
barrel. Best Half Patent Flotar 84.00. Extra Good Flour 83.75.
COFFEE, SUGAR, LARD, BACON, BRAN, CORN and OAMj
always in stock, just a little cheaper tn an the market prices.
We are strictly in for business and want your trade. Try us and yon
will stick to us. Your truly,
TWO CARS OF BUGGIES,
ALL PRICES, from a 835.00 Top Buggy up to the finest Rubber Tired job]
A LOT OF WAGONS,
That we want to sell at once. We keep a large stock of
Georgia Home Made Harness Cheap.j
The finest, light draft
In the world. Come and see it.
Yours in earnest,
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Have ?Tust Received
Two Gars Fine Tennessee Valley
Red Cob Corn.
You run no risk in feeding this to your stoc.
Will also make the very finevi meal.
Come quick before it is all gone.
On Om ANDERSONJ
A LONG LOOK AHEADi
M. M:. MA.T?I80N,
People?' Bank Building, ANDERSON 8. ?