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I'ublisfied every Wednesday.
J. F. Ui.ikkscai.es, i Editons and
C. C. LaNOSTON, > PlUU'KIETOHS.
ONE YEAH, ---- $1 no
SIX MONTHS. - - - 7?
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 28, lUU.'i.
OLK NEW UOVEIINOK.
Governor-elect lleyward took the
oath oi o?ice Wednesday last at mid
day and is now the Governor of South
Carolina. The inaugural ceremonies,
despite the unfavorable weather,
brought together many prominent and
representative visitors from all over
the State. The large and handsome
hall of the House of representatives,
where the inaugural took piacc, wan
crowded, both in the gallery and down
stairs, to a point whore there was
scarcely standing room. The cere
monies were impressive and impos
ing. Having subscribed to the oath
of office Governor Iicyward began the
delivery of his address and was listen
ed to with marked attention. For
forty minutes ho spoke to the General
Assembly and the people at large, and
kept them entertained. Ho touched
upon all tho leading questions and
evidenced a familiarity with and
sound judgment upon them that was
gratifying to his hearers, and renewed
confidence in his ability as chief exe
cutive of the State. On matters of
agriculture, industrial development,
trusts and combines, education of tho
masses in common schools, and the
liberal support of higher institutions
of learning, the enactment of laws pro
viding for the drainage of our swamp
lands, in keeping with the constitu
tional amendment voted in 11)00, the
enforcement of the dispensary law.
the child labor question, on all his
address was forceful, sound and con
servative. He favors the enactment
of a child labor law, believing it to
be in keeping with the civilization of
the age,and that the conditions existing
in the working of children is a menace
to the future of the State, but counsels
careful consideration of conflicting in
terests, lie suggests full and gener
ous discussion, which he believes will
reveal that tnesc apparently diverse
interests have much in common, lie
favors 4 gradual prohibition, believing
that any radical or sudden change
would work hardships upon tho in
terests of all concerned. In tho dis
cussions to bo had on this question he
points out the necessity of keeping in
mind the educational advantages of
those children not to bo affected by
the proposed law, and suggests tho
establishment of night sohools, if pos
sible, so as to afford opportunities to
those who are iu earnest in their de
sire to receive an education.
Governor Howard takes the reins
of government of the commonwealth
at a time when conditions point to
prosperity and advancement. No
racial problems are to bo solved and
factional lines have been obliterated.
Ho has tho entire confidence of the
people from the mountains to tho sea
board, and The Intelligenoer believes
there is in him all the firmness, hon
esty of purpose, sound judgment
and pure patriotism necessary to a
In every section of the State there
are signs of progress and prosperity
but none show brighter prospects than
we have at home.
Homer A. Ilichey, ono of tho pub
lishers of the Piokens Sentinel, died
at his home in Pickens last Thursday
morning, after a brief illness, aged 28
years. He was a young man of many
noblo virtues, and most highly esteem
ed by a wide circle of friends.
Tho business men of Anderson havo
jnst passed through a year of prosper
ity the like of which has not been
experienced hero before in many years.
We should start out with the deter
mination to make the present year the
greatest in the history of Anderson.
? ?- m -
Maj. A. II. White, of Kock Hill,
President of the State Agricultural
and Mechanical Society, and Col.
Thomas W. Holloway, of Pomaria,
Newberry county, Secretary of tho
same organization, both died on Tues- !
day, 20th inst. They were fine types
of the citizenship of the State, and
will be greatly missed.
In his inaugural address Gov. Hey
ward pointed out the fact that ac
cording to reports of Superintendents
of Education, for several years past,
more negro children than white chil
dren are enrolled in the publio sohools
in this State. This faet has a bear
ing upon the future whioh is appalling
to those who tLink. With President
lloosevelt inviting negro men and
negro women to receptions at the
White House, and South Carolinians
allowing the negroes to outstrip them
in the matter of educating their chil
dren, and that, too, at the expense of
the whites, it looks like the approach
of an aga of social equality which will
bid defiance to all laws, written and
unwritten in prohibition of iuisccge
liooscvell no doubt realizes ere ti i-*
that the appointment of m.-i ' - to
offices in tl South i< a bad business.
The leading newspap rsaud magazines
of the North are shouting hot hot at
the President with a vengeance.
The population of the United States
is (rrowin^ much more rapidly than
is generally known. 'J'hc: coining of
home-si k?:r> from all countries of the
Kastern Hemisphere has reached such
proportions that with these people
alone, seven eities with a population
equal to that-of Atlanta could be form
ed every year. 10very day of the
year brings to this eouutry 2,000 im
migrants, who come to make this their
home permanently. This may repre
sent a vast amount of European op
pression, or it may not, but be that
as it may, there is pride in the
thought that these people hope to find
more comforts and more libert> for
themselves and their children under
the American Hag. One remarkable
fact connected with the large influx
i#f foreigners is that they so soon be
come assimulated with our people in
their habits and customs. So true is
this that were it not for the strange
names thc> bear it would be difficult
to pick them out from among those
who have always lived under the
the American flag. The increase in
immigration during 11102 exceeded
that of l'JOl by 110,000 and it is quite
likely that this annual increase will
continue for some years to come, be
cauBO this country offers tho best of
inducement in every department that
brings wealth coupled with a liberty
that is capable of lifting the poorest
of these immigrants to the highest
positions their intellects entitle them
to. If to this stream of immigration
amounting to nearly 750,000 each year,
is added the natural increase bp birth
throughout the United States some
idea of the rapid increase in popula
tion can be arrived at.
To Teachers of the Public Schools.
County Superintendent of Education
Nicholson lias received a circular letter
from the State Superintendent of Kd
ucation calling attention to the fact
that the time of jiolding examination
for teachers desiring to tench in the
publie schools has been changed. Tho
regular time for holding the next ex
amination is in February. The follow
ing regulations have, however, been
adopted by the State Hoard of Educa
tion oil this subject:
First. That after February begin
ning in May. 1 !K>:t, (hero shall bo two
county examinations for (cachera1 cer
tificate*) each your, tu be hehl in May
and September, and that hereafter no
teacher shall bo employed in the public
schools of this State who has not regis
tered his certificate in the office of tho
county superintendent of education
and submitted proof thereof to tho
board of trusteeseniploving him.
Second. That after July 1. 11)03, the
teaching of Latin in tho public schools
shall be forbidden except that Latin
may be taught by tenchora holding
from the State Hoard of Education n
special certificate of qualification to
tench Latin, and that examination -on
this subject shall bo offered hereafter
beginning Jnly 1, 1003, college diplo
mas not to be exempt from this exami
New Mills in Six Months.
The Wool and Cotton Reporter's
semi-annual statement of textile mill
construction, shows that during the
last six months of 1002 new textile en
terprises were "begun or proposed" to
tbo number of 108, as compared with
2.77, for the tirst half of the year?a de
crease- of 00 mills; and a decrease of 4
as compared with the last half of 1001.
Of the 108 new mills for tho last six
months, 01 were in tho North and 107
in tho South. Of tho total of 45o for
tho year, 1002, 183 were in the North
and 272 were in the South.
Pennsylvania leads all tho other
States in the number of new mills for
the last half-year, with '2(1 to her credit,
of winch 0 are woollen. 13 knit goods
and "miscellaneous,'' (silk); South
Carolina is next with 28 mills, of which
20 nro cotton and 3 knit goods. North
North Carolina is third, 22 mills, of
which 14 are cotton, 7 knit goods and 1
Then follow: Virginia, 10 mills; New
York nnd Georgia, 13 each; New Jer
sey, 10; Massachusetts, 0; Texas, 8:
Mississippi. 7; Rhode Island nnd Cnna
da, 0 each; Tennessee, 5; Mnino and
Maryland, 4 each: Alabama, Arkansas,
Connecticut. Kentucky and Wiscon
sin, 3 each; Indiana and New Hamp
shire, 2 each; California, Louisiana,
Minnesota, Montana, Ohio, Oklahoma,
Oregon ami Washington, 1 each.
As regards "cotton mills'' alone, it
will bo noted, South Carolina easily
leadB all the list, with 00 per cent more
now enterprises of that character than
North Carolina, its nearest competitor.
Two Men l?tten by a Mule.
Kdgcfield, S,C, Jan. 25?Mr. A. S.
Rhoden and Marcellus Reynolds, cit
izens of Johnson, were recently bitten
by a mule, said to have had hydropho
bia. These gentlemen immediately
went to Hcliner, (Ja., and had the fa
mous Georgia niadstone applied. As
soon ss the application was made tho
stone took immediate effect, which is
generally accepted as full proof that
the anisssl inflicting the wound was a
victim of hydrophobia and people have
absolute confidence in the effioaoy and
ouring qualities of the madstone, a
number of them having tried it with
satisfactory results. Tho mule that
b't these gentlemen was brought here
for treatment and developed a genuine
case of bydrophohia.
? It costs more to support one vice
than ten virtues.
? Some people are in mighty poor
company when alone.
? Mary Willis, wife of Henry Wil
lis, a well known colored drayman of
(irec.nville, died very suddenly Wed
nesday afternoon at her home on Oscar
street, in that city, us tho result of a
severe fright. Two negroes wero
fighting in front of her home at tho
time, and the attempt of ono of them
to cut the other, gave the woman
such a shock that she fell and expired
I in a short time.
Ol K COMJMWA LE?TKR.
(' ?i i mi*.i \, .1 w. .* ;. !'.'').;.
Thorn has hern little accomplished
by the Legislature this week- after
j two weeks of the session the assembly
in just Kitting down to wink and there
is yet a day of elections before the
members. Elections have to 1?; got
(nit of the way before the Legislature
can do any real wark.
'Micro have been several interrup
tions this week. Monday being Lee's
birthday, was a legal holiday and the
Legislature made a trip to Kock Hill
to visit Winthrop College. Tuesday
the elections for Chief Justice and
Superintendent of Penitentiary were
held, Associate Justice V. J. Pope
being chosen Chief Jsutico without
opposition and Cnpt. D. .J. Griffith
being re-elected Superintendent of tho
Penitentiary unanimously. The fol
lowing Directors of penitentiary were
also re-elected: Dr. M. <>. Rowland.
Spartanburg, John G. Mobloy, Fair
held, and A. K. Sanders, Suinter.
Wednesday was taken up with the
ceremonies incident to the inaugura
tion of Gov. Heyward and the intro
duction into ollico of the other new
officials. The exercises were elaborate
and a large assemblage attended. Very
little business, and that of small impor
tance, was transacted by either house
Thursday tho Sonnte was in session
hardly half an hour and the House only
ten minutes, from which it m plain
again that nothing was done.
Friday was the day set aside for
memorial exercises in honor of Gen.
Wade Hampton, the oration being
delivered by th" late general's war
lieutenant an. senatorial colleague,
Gen. M. C. Butler. These exercises
again drew a large crowd to the capi
tol, tho exercises being held in the hall
of the House of Representatives. Be
sides Gen. Butler? oration, Senator
Robert Aldrich delivered a tine tribute
to Hampton in presenting resolutions
which had been prepared by Col.
Leroy F. Voumans, who was llamp
ton'H Attorney General. The chief
paragraph of interest in these resolu
tions is this: "That his services to the
State deserve to bo commemorated by
a monument more enduring than brass,
which shadl keep forever green the
memory of the life and virtues of Wade
On this day, Friday, the Senate was
in session only an hour and the House
no longer. The Senate adjourned until
H o'clock to-night, but the House held
a session Saturday and then adjourned
until noon to-day. The House on
Saturday had the lirst debate of the
session and it was on the same old
question?the dispensary. Mr. llolmnn
brought up his bill to make the county
dispensaries and boards of control
elective, a proposition that at once
elicited discussion ending in defeat
for the measure. In the course of the
debate T. V. Williams, an original
dispensary man, criticized the State
Board of Control for their alleged at
tempt to influence elections through
the county boards and tho distribution
The House sustained tho action of
tho Governor in vetoing the Act pass
ed last year requiring certain county
auditors to do the work of the phos
phate commissioner. The bill also
provided for the doing away with tho
office of phosphate commissioner. The
vote was 7? in favor of tho bill as
against M in favor of tho Governor's
veto, but it required 8JI votes to nullify
the veto and the bill failed.
Mr. Lofton's bill to grant the federal
government right nndjurisdiction over
certain lands along the waterway be
tween Charleston and Jl/cClellauville
was the lirst bill given third reading in
the House this session.
A child labor bill will get n favor
able report in each House. The bill
by Mr. Webb, of Aiken, will be report
ed favorably in the House and thnt of
Senator Marshall in tho Senate. It is
thought that the latter will probably
pass Doth houses.
The Senate has a biennial sessions
bill before it and another strong fight
will be made on this issue. The bill
simply provides for the submission of
a constitutional amendment to the
people, but this requires a two-thirds
vote to pass.
The proposition to establish two ad
ditional circuits will also be presented
and will give rise to considerable de
Tuesday a successor will be chosen
to Judge Popens Associate Justice of
tho Supreme Court. The gentlemen
in whose behalf the most active work
is being done is C. A. Woods, of
Marion, Senator Robert Aldrich, of
Harnwell, S. J. Simpson, of Sparen
burg, Joseph A. JI/cCullough, of Green
ville, James L. Tribble, of Anderson,
J. F. J. Caldwell, of Greenwood, G.
Duncan Bellinger, of Barnwell, and
others are also mentioned with more
or less authority.
At the same time nn election will be
held for Code Commissioner to succeed
W. II. Townsend, who has resigned to
become assistant to the new nttorney
general. Stobo Farrow has withdraw!
from tho race, and the candidates re
maining aro Wm. Elliott, Jr., of Co
lumbia, Edgar C. Hayneaworth, of
Sum ter, J. L. McClure, of Chester, and
F. H. Dominick, of Newberry.
Jas. A. Hojt, Jr.
? Tho Senato committee on military
a flairs has ordered a favorablo report
on the bill introduced by Senator
; Foraker appropriating from the nation
al treasury for the erection of head
; stones to mark the graves of Confed
i crate soldiers buried io the North.
\ The amount to bo used for this pur
pose was placed at $200,000 at tho
! suggestion of Secretary Root.
THE Trai-t of f.and. known mm the
! houu Stead of in. Into Mnj.R. F. .-Imp
I eon, lyl"g on ih<? two Gtrvln creeks and
; ohm of Ppnifiet??n, three &Dd a (mir uni les,
j a^d containing eight hundred ocre?, more
or lens. On (hi* land la a Urge and com
modious dw?lling sad other nmvoviry
balldlngs, sOnii'lsnt nsclve 'ert-at or
wood land, ?rir* summer and winter
pastures, Will neb M a whole or
otherwise \r> ?ntr purchasers. Can be di
vided Into fnur farm*, giving to ?*cb a
fnir proportion ff wnod land, bottom land
and land in cultivation. Terras e?ar.
K. W. 8IMPSON,
Pendlaton, 8. C,
or st his office Anderson, H. G.
Jan 28, 1003, 40 2*
Notice to Teacheis.
THE regular Examination for Teaohera
i will be held on Friday, February 20tb,
, 15>03. Ttieexamlnatinn will txgin prompt
j ly at 0 a. m. All applicants Rte org?d to
; >>h present at the above mentioned hour,
i The work requires considerable time,
I and should be carefully done. Yon can
j not rush through and perform tho 7,-ork
j in a creditable manner. Those who sr
[ >ivn lain am frequently unable to finish
the work,and consequently fail t<> secure
j s ? o'titicate, or receive on* of low grade.
; Therefore, l?*t me urge each applicant to
he on time, mid to hnml the Examining
Board the t>e-?t pnporx po*aible.
lt. E. NICHOLSON, Co. Supt Kd.
Wc are doing some Lively Bidding for Trade at
this particular season, and we are making bids that
count. First of all we are bidding for your Trade by
keeping the very best Goods and marking them at
lowest possible Cash Prices.
BIDS THAT COUNT.
Beautiful quality Taffeta Silk, in blue, pink and white, worth 50c
per yard, at per yard. 39o
Beautiful quality yard-wide Black Taffeta Silk, v~ry heavy and
will not split, at per yard. 98o
Beautiful quality of Bleached and Uubleaohed Table Linen, 54
inches wide, at per yard. 25o
Kcal heavy quality Red Table Damask at per yard. 25o
Mercerized and all Linen I)-.mask, ?4 inches wide, looks as well as
$1.00 kind, at per yard. 50c
40 pair of Extra Heavy 1| Cotton Blankets, worth $1.50, at per
10-4 N. C. Home-made Blankets, worth $4.00, at per pair.. . .$2.75
75 Extra Heavy White Bed Spreads at caoh.08c
Cheap Homespun for lining at ver yard. 3c
Best yard-wido HomespuD at per yard. 5c
All best grades of Calicoes at p ac yard. 5o
CLOTHING, SHOES, Etc.
Men's Suits, worth $5.00, all wool, at per Suit. $2.98
Men's Suits, worth $7.50, all wool, at per Suit. 4.50
Men's Melton Suits, cheap at $10.00, our price. 6.98
Tailor-made Suits, worth $15.00, reduced to. 10.00
Nice line of Boys' well-made Suits at per Suit.98o to 3.50
All our Men's $3.50 and $4.00 Pauts cut down to per pair... 3.00
Men's All Wool Pants.75o per pair and up.
Men's Fine Shoes 75c, to such makes as Selz and Bion Rey
nolds and other good makes at $3.00 and $3.50 per pair.
Women's Fine Shoes 75c to $3.00 kind at $2.50 per pair.
See our line of Factory-made Ladies' Fine Shoes, bought direct
from Manufacturers, at $1.25, $1.50 and $1.75. We positively
guarantee every pair, and at a saving of 25 to 40 per cent to wearer.
NOTIONATE PEOPf E.
Two balls Sewing Cotton lc, ono Spool Turkey Red Embroide
ry Cotton lc, three Boxes Good Matches io, one good Lead Poncil
with rubber at lc, one Thimble lo, four Pen Holders lc, one Paper
Pins lc, and thousands of useful articles at same price.
100 dozen Men's 10c Socks, in blue, brown,""'pink, red aud
black, at per pair 5c.
Big lot of Union-made Carhart Overalls at Cut Prices.
Wo will positively save you money on every
dollai's worth of Goods you need.
THE BEE HIVE.
G. H. BAILES Sl CO
Fertilizers lor 1903.
We are selling the old reliable?
There is nothing made that gives so unmixed satisfac
tion as goods manufactured by this Company. We carry in
stock at all times a complete line of these goods.
Wando Soluble Guano 8?3.'i.
Wando Soluble Guano 8 1-2?2, 2 1-10.
Wando Dissolved Bone 13 per cent.
Wando Dissoved Bone 12 per cent.
Wando Bone and Potash 10?4.
Wando Bone and Potaoh 10?2.
German Kainit, Muriate of Potash, Nitrate of Soda, &c.
Our prices are always as low as the lowest.
Why not buy the BEST. You will have to pay no more
Come and see our Low Prices !
We are Loaders?Others Follow!
WE are now looking towards Spring Business, and our Buyers are bni?
bunting Good Goods for our numerous customers. In order to make roo
and to clear but all Winter Goods we have made large sacrifices towards cm
ting prices down. We give Free Premiums to all.
All Wool Red Twill Flannol. 12*
Heavy all Wool Jeans. 16c
Yard-wide Cotton Flannel. 80
All wool Cassimere for men's wear... 38o
Heavy Flannelette for dress?e. 60
Good grade Outing. So
Best grade Ooting. 7o
Heavy yard-wide Sheeting. 4o
Best grade Double-width Sheeting.... 14o
Best grade Heavy Checke. 4o
Beet b.and Hickory Strip*?..... 80
Best quality Feather Bed Tio. 12J
Yard-wide Bleaching. 7o
Fruit of Loom Bleaching. 7o
Brown Knitting Thread per box. 20o
White Ball Thread. lo
40-inoh Wool Dress Goods. 15o
Best Indigo Calico. 4o
Solid Colors Oil Calico. 4o
40-inoh Curtain Scrim. 4o
High grade Red Damask. 25o
Wool and Silk Warp Dress Goods. 8?c
Yard-wide Percales.-. 60
Heavy grade Blue Denim. 80
Ladies' Fleece Underveat. lOo
i Ladies' Black Fleece-lined Gloves. lOo
Ladles' Leather Belts. lOo
White Cheek Nainsook. 5o
Embroidery two inches wide. 60
Beat grade Table OH Cloth. 16o
LadieV Black Setffenless Kose.
Heat Apron Gtnvbam.*J
Pesi grade light-color Calico.JJ
Yard wide L-.umIbIg Cambric.?
Large size Llo??n Towels.?
Large size White Bed 8pread.
Children's Double Knee Hose.'S
Blsok Sateen, rich and glossy.?
Ladies' Ready-made Skirts.z
All Linen Window Shades.Z'.' S
Ladles' Wove Reaver Janket? ,
Ladles' Plush Capes.?2
Hair Pin?, assorted, box.'"* ?
Pearl Dress Buttons, doz..?
Agate Shirt Buttons, card.$
Nursery Pins, per card.,"" ?
Brass Pant Buttons, per box.f.
Blaok Elaatlo for Garters, yard. "' i!
Fine Writing Paper in box. " 'Z
King's 200-vards Snool Threw!.?
All widths \Vhite Tape.Z
Large size Dress Comb.' ti
Unbreakable Fine Combs.,?| ?
Hair Brushes, wood baok. "' iju
Blxby's Shoe Polish..," S
1 Gold-Eye English Needles...?" Z
[ Best Brass Pins, all sizes. ?
> Ladles' White Linen Handkerchiefs'. %
If yon want to Save Money Bny your Clothing from Us.
Gents' All Wool Solts, Grav Xersey.$3.76
Gent's Fine Cassimere Suits out
down to. 5.00
Gants' English Cassimere.. 7.60
English Granite, finest in the land...10.00
Overcoats now below cost?2.00 to.7.60
We have several hundred Boys' Suits
you can buy at 1.00 and upwards.
Boys' Knee Pants at.. 15o
Men's Heavy Fleece Undershirts. 29a
Men's Linen Collars. 5.
Men's Black AU Wool Clay Salts.375
Men's Fur Hats, a corker.
Buy jonr Furnishing Goods from ub.
Men's Laundrled Percale Shirts. 200
We are Prepared to give you Boston Prices on Shoes.
We sell only Reliable Shoes?no paper or composition?only all leather.
Men's Kip Brogana at. 7^
Men's Calf Shoes at.) 125
Men's Viol Shoes at.2 00
Men's French "Velour at.3
In Ladies' Shoes we can Beat the World.
Only Reliable Brands sold.
Ladies' Kid, all styles. g5j
Ladies' Kangaroo at. .1 $
Ladieo' Malt Kid.1 v>
Ladles' Viol Kid.2 00
We extend to you a cordial invitation to visit us, prom
ising to save you money.
JULIUS H. WEIL & CG.
THIS is the name of the girl that the irate head of the
house calls when his wife cooks the FLOUR he bought
from some other fellow guaranteed to be as good as?
He finds it so sticky he can't eat it ; the more he chews it
the bigger it wads up in his mouth, and when he carries it
back to the man he bought it from, he is told that his wife
don't know how to bake good bread. This is enough to
make any man mad, and say funny names, bnt there is no
excuse for it He ought to have sense enough, as his wife
told him, to know that there is no Flour "just as good" as
DEAN'S PATENT, and he ought to buy it all the time,
although he is offered something ."just as good" for 25c. a.
The same is true of?
Any man who wants to bny a Shoe for wear, should not
hesitate to come to us and let us fit him up. Wo carry the
most complete and up-to-date lins of Heavy Shoes m upper
If you want the BEST for the Least Money,
always go to
THE STORK THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY.