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Blockade Runner Wi
Broken in two amidships, hard and ,
fast' ou a sand bar, about a ?nile olF
shore from Seven Mile Beach, a deso
late stretch of the New .Jersey coast,
seventy milos from Philadelphia, is a
vessel which, during the early part of
th< civil war, sproul consternation
among lin- Federal authorities un
many, many occasion*. l''or years
since that greatest siro ? ?. in modern
history the craft luis i. plying the
waters in the vicinity of New Vork
and Philadelphia in the peaceful pur
suit ol' commerce under the common
place name ol' tho (juif Stream. I'ut ?
when the conflict between North and
and South raged fiercest she was one !
of the most successful blockade run- 1
ncrs that ever left a Southern port
with a cargo of cotton or other va'ua- j
hie freight or slipped hack imo Cou- j
federate harbors with munitions of
wai\ despite the watchfulness of offi- !
cers and crews who manned the block- j
ading vessels of the North.
In those early ?lays of her career thc
vessel was variously called thc Caro
lina, thc Kale and thc victory - for
blockade runners changed names in
those times as readily as they shifted
cargoes or altered their course for safe
harbors and sailing ports.
But whatev er name thc craft hore at
her bow or stern in war times she was
a source nf trouble to the Union ves
sels and crews. The daring aud in
g-uuity of her skipper made her feared
b Federal naval oflicers, and th J suc
. -.-en she met with in exchanging
products of thc Southland for arms
and ammunition aided the rebel force s
in their resistance to the Union army
to an extent which will never ho
known, but which was undoubtedly
very material. Her career of trouble
making was cut short in time sh''1
captured and subsequently did duty
as u Union vessel under thc name of
the Queen, blockading some of the
very ports whose defenders, .s a
blockade runner, site had previ .sly
defied. Then came thc end of thc
war; the sale of tho vessel to private
parties and her entry on thc shipping
records as a freighter, and finally her
ignominious end in the clutch of thc
"Tho freight steamer Gulf Stream
ashore off Anglesea, on thc Jersey
coast. Crew rescued by life-savers."
Such, in effect, was thc brief report
given to the world of tho ending of the
old vessel's career. To the general
reading public this siujp'y meant that
another hulk had been consigned to 1
the marino graveyard along thc Jersey J
coast; that another craft had outlived !
its usefulness and would be abandoned 1
.to thc relentless buffeting and pound- '
ing of wind and waves until thc
stanch oak beams should he wrouched '
apart and carried away ou the bosom J
of the cvcr rcstlcss ocean, or perhaps 1
one or more be left sticking in thc 1
saud like giant fingers pointing warn
ings tn other mariners J
But the life savors and fishermen 1
along Seven Mile Beach are more f
curious about sucn things lhau the '
average render of newspapers and they 1
were not long in learning that the (
Gulf Stream and tho Queen and the c
Victory, Kate or Carolina were one 1
and tho same. Then as the captain- of I
tho ill-fated craft told briefly of its
career from Jaugching to foundering i
the life cavers and fishermeu gave 11
voice to one sentiment. It was: 1
"She was worthy of a better fate." 1
Thc Gulf Stream, us the craft was c
last called, went, ashoro in tho fog c
Friday, January 30. She was laden \
with a general cargo and was da her \
way from New York to Philadelphia, t
The Clyde Steamship Company, of J
the Quaker City, are her owners and t
the hales of wool and leather, heaps of I
pig iroe and barrels of wines and t
whiskeys which she carried were billed t
to that company, lt was very foggy ?
that morning, when, shortly after -I <
o'clock, thc coast guard of tho Tba- 1
tam's Station heard the prolonged t
tooting of a whistle that told of a ves- i
- sei -in distress. There was a strong I
southwest wind blowing and a heavy
. sea was running.
How the brave life-saving crew, un
der Capt. R. S. Ludlam, put off in
their boat and saved the crew of
twenty men aboard thc stranded steam
ar, with the assistance of the coast
. guard from Anglesea, is not to be a
part of this story. Sufhcicnt to say
that all on board wcro rescued and
. Capt. Jacob Swain brought ashore his
papers and log hook, which never more
will be used for thc Gulf Stream, for
there was no saving the vessel. She
struck the sand bar in such a way that
abo broko just where the ougincs were
: an i near where arc still visible the
reo:- *fttwu shot holes, where in 1863
^ tliiii v-two-pounder and a ball from
anelevou inch gun went through her
while she was running away from In
ion vessels of war.
There arc few tales of sea moro in
-?cked-J?an. the Block
torcsling than tlie story of the Gulf
Stream from the time of her launching.
And so, to properly spin this yam, it
will he necessary to go hack in history
forty-two years ago. The vessel was
built in Philadelphia and was launch
ed :is tho Carolina early in 1801. She
wa-an iron propeller vessel li 18 feet
lon/, thirty feet beam, thirteen feet
deep, with a draft ?d' only sis or seven
feel, although of something over 700
tons burden, ll wai iii'.- intention of
tin; Carolina's owners to engage her in
trade, hut soon after she was launched
came lin' firing on Sumter and the war
Invents followed each other rapidly
in those days. President Lincoln pro
claimed a blockade of thc Southern
pints and every available boat the
I inion tutees could hay or borrow was
used to enforce the closing of the har
bors of tho seceding States. It was
then that blockade-running began.
For to carry on thc war it was neces
sary that thc Southern States should
send away their cotton and other pro
duce and receive in return arms and
ammunition. To do this it was re
quired to have ships that could outsail
the Union gunboats and cruisers, for
the blockade runner? had to slip
through the cordon of watchful Union
It was thig kind of work which the
Carolina was used for. Soou after her
launching she was purchased by par
ties backed by thc Confederate (Jov
crmnent and her name was changed to
the Kate. Under this title she bc
camo one of tho most famous blockade
runners. For months she was the
hopi' of thc Confederates and the des
pair of the Unionists. Naval records
show that before she was captured she
eluded tho blockading iieets no less
than forty four times, each occasion
netting thousands of dollars to her
owners and bringing in much needed
supplies to the rebels.
Capt. Lockwood was jdaced in com
mand of thc Kate by her owuers.
Little is said of him personally in the
war records, but he is mentioned
wherever thc Kate is named, and the
success which attended tho vessel's
movements would indicate that bc was
a most daring fellow.
At first the Union blockade was la
mentably inefficient. There were not
enough boats, and those in charge of '
them, being unfamiliar with the South* 1
ern waters, became the laughingstock
of their enemies. The blockade was
called a "paper" one, and the Confed- ^
nracy insisted for a long time that 1
Lhere was no blockade, since her ships
had little tl i flic ulty in getting in and 1
Latein 1S?1 the Kate began her '
work. She took on a cargo of cotton 1
it Charle??tou, and ono night, when *
:hcrc was no moon, she slipped her ?
sable and ?tood out to sea. 1
In due lime the Katu reached Kng
and, where her cotton was sold for a i
rood price and a load of arms' was i
?hipped. At that time, as is well I
mown, langland wa? more friendly f
oward the Confederacy, and a number I
)f blockade runners were manned and i
captained by Englishmen who went 1
tito the buoness, r?s high prices were. <
)aid the crews of blockade rnnners.
For the first year Ifittle mention is 1
nade in thc official records of the ,
?vate, but the truth probably was the '
Cockade was so ineficefcive that thc; '
/nion vessels did not know when she 1
?ame and went, l?ut towards th? mid
lie of 1862 the Union forces hae> more
estela and tho lines of tb?blockaders
vere more closely drawn. Then it wa?
hat the comings and goings of tho
vate was noticed, usually to the mor
ideation of those eouiraandiog tho
dookading neeta It wsw after the
hen notorious Kate had made moro
han len voyages that ?he Was the
subject of a strict inquiry on the part.
)f Hear Admiral Goldsborough. The
Kalo wax then sometimes known ap.
he Carolina, and tho official ?r~.?
uentt? of the timo about to be told of
so refer to? her.
Lo the annal? of the navy depart
ment mention ia made of the Carolin? j
in a letter written January li>, 1863?
to William ll. Seward, Secretary of
State, by Samuel Whiting, United
States consul at Nassa?, New Provi
dence in the Bahamas. The, letter
was to the effect that a> few days pre
vious the Carolina arrived at Nassau,
had passed up the channel between
tho Confederate ship Elizabeth Bon
Bail and the Union gunboat Flambeau,
and had dipped her flag to the Bon
I sail, just as she wa9 opposite, the Un
ion vessel. As tho harbor was a neu
tral one, tho Carolina had no more to
fear from tho Flambeau than if the
latter was a thousand miles away.
Consul "Whiting happened ioho tell
ing of thc arrival of thc Carolina in
Ithe presenco of Capt. Temple, of the
Flambeau, and a number of other na
val officers, a few days later.
"Wi!!." remarked Capt. Temple,
"if I liad been on board my vessel I
would have acknowledged the salute of
thc Canliua. She is an enemy, buta
brave foo, and she did what was right
in dipping her colors in a neutral port.
"Dip the Stars and Stripes to a
rebel ra^," wrote Mr. Whiting to Mr.
Seward. "I told Capt. Temple I
would sooner back my baud off than
be guilty of such an act."
Frequently thereafter did Mr. Whit
ing have occasion to write to Mr.
Seward, and in many of thc lottert
mentioned that the Kate had arrive!
at Nassau with a cargo of cotton,
which always met with a ready sale.
Nassau was a favorite port for thc
blockade runners, as it was under
British control and only 180 miles
from thc coast of Florida. To avoid
international complications the Con
fed?rale ?kippers would dispose of
their cargo to a firm, who would pre
tend lo sell the stufl ou commission,
ami the money thus acquired would
usually be invested in munitions of
war for the seccders. The cotton
would be reloaded into English vessels
and sent to Uugland, wluch country
was in great need of it.
Tho Kate, as were ether blockade
runners, was painted a dull lead grey,
a color hard to distinguish even a short
distance away ?n thc daytime, and ren
dering thc vessel almost invisible in
the darkness of night. Anthracite
coal was burned, producing little or no
smoke, and when about to slip through
thc blockading Meet all lights were ex
tinguished, the hatches covered and
thc steersman had to peer at the bin
nacle lamp through a small slit in a
piece of canvas.
Atone time before her day came,
the blockading fleet thought the Kate
was t'oomcd to capture. She had been
seen off the Florida coast in March,
1S*?ii, and had been chased by a num
ber of Union vessels. She took refuge
in Mosquito Inlet, near Port Royal,
and hope ran high in the heart of the
commander of the Atlantic squadron,
S. F. Dupont, when ho received a
message from thc captain of several
ships, that at last the Kate was
hemmed in. Dupont ordered the offi
cers of the vessels to carefully guard
lae inict waters, and they tried to,
but the Kate made her escape one
dark, rainy night, and waB free to con
tinue her work.
Another chapter of the naval records
show that on August 10, 1862, James
F. Armstrong, commanding the United
States steamer Stato of Georgia, sta
tioned off Wilmington, N. C., wrote to
Rear Admiral Golsborough that he
had learned from three contrabands,
who came off the night before, that on
August G the steamer Carolina or
Kate, Lockwood, master, entered Wil
mington from Nassau with liquor,
clothing and fruit. She had bee?
chased by some of the blockading
Beet, Capt. Armstrong reported, and
had lo throw part of her eargo over
board to lighten her so that she could
This news was received by the rear
admiral with anything but favor, for
the antics of Master Lockwood were
beginning to pall on the Union fleet.
3o the rear admiral wrote back to
L'apt. Armstrong, expressing his re
;ret at learning that the Kate had
?gain run the blockade.
"This will never answer," reads the
?earadmiral's letter. "More vigilance
must be exercised. Why ia it that
jhe vessels stationed on the side the
karolina entered have no knowledge of
iho fact? Appoint a board of three
impartial and suitable officers to in
vestigate the subject of the entranco
)? this vessel."
The official inquiry was made, but
imounted to nothing.
The report of the inquiry was duly
forwarded to the rear admiral. A few
lays later Capt. Armstrong wrote tho
rear admiral that the foroe of Union
vessels off the coast of North Carolina
was utterly inadequate to maintain
"The utmost? vigitanee is required
from the vessels blockading," wrote
Capt. Armstrong, "as the steamet
Kate will endeavor to escape.
On August 27, 1862, Capt. Arm
strong again sounded a noto of warn
ing to Hear Admiral Goldsborough,
telling him that the Kate and a num
ber of other vessels were preparing tc
run ihc blockade. And the next heart
of thc Kate was the escape, whicl
Capt. Armstrong foared. It occurvet
on the night of August 29 and tin
Kate got safely out to sea. Thii
brought forth a sharp letter from Act
ing Rear Admiral S. P. Lee, of th
flag ship- Minnesota, to Capt. Guatavu
H. Scott, who at tho time-was th
senior officer off Wilmington, N. C.
"The department will be extreme!
mortified to hear," wrote the aotin
rear admiral, "that ihe Kate has ru
the blockade of Wilmington, out b
New Inlet, with a load of ootton, a
article now so valuable that a sit
gio cargo will purchase a largo quat
tity of arms."
And so tho Kate got off again saf
ly with h'ir cargo. Sho must ha>
made a quick trip to Nassau, whitb
sho headed on most outward voyage
for on September 25, about a mont
later, she was lying to near Fort Ca
well. Thero sho was discovered 1
thc Union gunboat Maratanza.
1 Capt. Scott, of thc gunboat, repot
cd later that he approached thc Kate
aa near as practicable, so as to keep
out of range of the guns of thc fort.
With a rifle gun he fired on the vessel,
and came within such range that thc
blockade runner had to weigh anchor
and sait up the ."iver. She brought
to a little way up, but the shots from
the rifle gun of tho Maratanza again
dropped perilously close to her and
she was obliged to go farther up
stream, where she was safe. The
Kate, according to Scott, was very
speedy, and he reported that she prob
ably slipped through the blockading
fleet, going ia on the night of Septem
ber 24, 1802, which was dark and
rai?y. This escapade of the Kate
gave much annoyance to Acting Rear
Admiral Lee, and he wrote to Com
mander Scott, who had fired on her,
that it seemed that the blockading
fleet was not placed in the best posi
tion to prevent blockade running, in
view of thc many times thc Kate had
entered and left Southern ports.
The next oflicial record of thc
Kate's movements is under date ol
November 4, 1802. On that date thc
Mount Vernon and the Daylight, ol
the Union forces, attacked a larg?
English bark off New Inlet, N. C.
near Masonboro Inlet. The Confed
crates stationed on shore sallied out tc
the aid of the bark, aud the land forcei
in boats succeeded in capturing twe
boats from tho Daylight and one fron
the Mount Vernon, together witt
three officers and eighteen men. Bui
eventually thc crew of the bark wai
taken and the vessel burned. Th?
mate of the bark, when questioned
said the bark had passed at sea, a fev
days before, thc blockade runne
The Kate or Carolina-both namei
were used-kept on running the block
ade. She seemed to be impervious t<
shot and shell, for as she slipped ii
and out of the blockade she was iire<
on time and again, with little or n<
damage. In the navy records of th
operations of the Union and Confed
erate vessels there are frequent refer
enees lo thc vessel, usually a state
ment from one commander to anothe
that he regretted to inform his supe
rior that, the rebel steamer Carolina o
Kite, as the caso might be, had agai
slipped in under their noses with
valuable cargo. Or perhaps the r<
cord would be varied by a mentio
that the boat nad slipped out agai
with a valuable eargo of ootton.
All sorts of efforts were made t
capture or destroy the persistent blocl
ade runner and there sprang up a fee
ing of rivalry among the various ca]
tains of the blockading squadron 1
see who would be the man luck
enough to sink the floating rebe
And it was not always easy sailing f<
tho blockade* runner. Many a tin
she was chased for hours, and thei
were occasions when only by saorifi
ing part of the eargo could the shi
make speed enough to escape. Oftc
part of the load of piteh would 1
placed under the boilers to get up
greater head of Bteam.
Once in slipping through a blocka
ing lino the rebel craft was near
taken because at the same time si
was making the trial a clumsy ?id
wheeler also attempted to run tl
blockade. The-splashing of the pa
dies of tho side-wheeler was borne
thc ears of the erew of a Union gu
boat and an alarm was given. T
Union boat burned rockets, which d:
closod tho presence of the Carola
and then trained several guns on ht
The shot flew thick and fast foi
time, but Lockwood, seeing that co
cealment was no longer possible, p
on a full1 head of steam and cut for
The firing brought a number of t
blockading fleet together, and t
Carolina, as she was then called,
well as the stearne* which- had eaus
nil the mischief, was under a bec
fire. *B?t tho former managed to dr
away beyond the range of the roo!
lights, and the next morning she v
under the Confederate batteries. T
was one of the dosest calls the Ca
lina had and Master Lockwood,
telling about it afterward, used to i
there was a minute when he thou]
it was all up with his craft.
The master of the Carolina had
ingenious system of notifying those
shore who wove interested in the oi
that she was through tho line i
ready to discharge her eargo.
every light darkened, she would
the blockade, and then, when i
shore, she would display two Hg]
one above the other, in tho rigging
tho shore side, hut a screen on
sea side kept this gleam from the \
of tho-' i- on the blockading vest
Tho lookout on shore would Sis;
answering lights, and the Carol!
crew would kr . w that all waa safe
that they could run into the barbe
This triok was afterward taken
vantago of by tho Union forces,
by praotioing it they captured a i
ber of blockade runners.
Thc Carolina was ono of the fir
the blockade runners to put into ]
tice the blowing off of exhaust s
under water. Thc exhaust pipe
carried down below deok and thu
noiso mado hy. tho csoaping s
oould not bo heard. Quietude wi
important factor in getting thr
the enemy's line.
With-such regularity had tho h
ado runner's voyages been made,
pite tho effortB uf the Union fleet to
capture her, that the owners of the
craft re-named her the Victory and
under this name she continued her
trafficking. But the vessel was not
altogether immune and after having
completed her forty-fourth voyage
from supposedly blockaded ports she
fell a prize to the Union vessel, the
Santiago de Cuba, June 21, 1863. A
few dajs before that the Victory had \
quietly slipped out from Charleston,
with a valuable cargo of cotton and
other freight, en route for Nassau.
She went along with fair weather and
Master Lockwood and his crew were
congratulating themselves on having
again fooled the Yankees. But whilo
they were probably gloating over their
success a lookout perched on the
crosstree* of the Santiago de Cuba,
commanded by R. II. Wyman, had
sighted the Victory. They were then
about fifty-five miles southwest from
Eleuthcra Island. ^
The Santiago de Cuba headed for
the Victory aud the captain of the
blockade runner changed his course to
due east, hoping to put distance be
tween himself and his pursuer. But
the Santiago de Cuba was a swift
'..teamer and soon came within range
of the Victory. The Santiago fired a
shot from her forward rifle gun, but it
fell short. Then there belched forth
olouds of black smoke from tho funnel
of the Confederate vessel. Capt.
Lockwood, in his efforts to make
speed, was burning rosin from the
boat's cargo in her boilers. But still
the Santiago de Cuba gained. Lock
wood next sought to lighten his craft,
and about 150 bales of cotton wero
tossed into the sea. But this only
served to postpone the inevitable.
For five hours the raoe kept up bofore
Capt. Wyman had his vessel where he
could train several guns on the block
ade runner. As the latter had no
guns for defence there was nothing to
do but surrender. The Victory did
not lower her colors, for she carried
none, but Skipper Lockwood ran up a
white flag and a prize crew from the
Santiago de Cuba wus sent aboard the
vessel. Lockwood had no papers to
show, for he had thrown them over
board when he saw he oould not es
The Victory had on board 875 bales
of cotton, in addition to the 150
thrown overboard. J&esides the cot
ton she had 1,000 pounds of tobacco
and i,hirey barrels of turpentine. She
also had her bunkers full of good an
thracite coal obtained from Nassau on
ber previous trip there. This coal
led to the discovery that the fuel had
been exported from the United States,
and, having been sold to English firms
in the Bahamas, was purchased for the
use of Confederate vessels As soon
as this fact was learned the Union
G-overnment stopped the exporting of
coal until the war ended.
At the time of the capturo of the
Victory there were nor other Union
vessels in sight. Some time after
terward, however, the Union gunboats
Tioga and Octorara, picked up seven
ty-nine bales of cotton of the 150
thrown over from the Confederate
The Victory was sent to Boston, and
there she was taken by the Govern
ment and her name was changed to
the Queen. 'Her eargo and the value
of tho vessel was $306,421 37, aud
after all expenses had been deducted
there was $299,908.45 left, which
amount was divided among the officers
and crew of the Santiago de Cuba.
Years after the war was over Capt.
Lockwood told how he had t?o long
eluded capture while iu command of
the old Victory. After getting his
cargo he would wait in the harbor for
a dark night, preferably a rainy or
foggy night. Then, knowing every
inch of the water, he would wlip out
between two of the blockaders, which,
because of the stretch of coasts they
had to patvol, were sometimes far
apart. Then instead of continuing
his voyage he would lie to, hoist the
Stars and Stripes at the mast head,
and cruise about as if his vessel was
one of the blockading fleet. On the
second night, rf ter a day of masquer
ading as ? (Inion ship, Lockwood
would lower the Stars and Stripes, put
out or oover every light on board, and
start off. By daylight he would bo
beyond the range of vision.-Newark
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EXACT COPY OF .WR A PP ER^
THE CENTAUR OOMP?HY, HEW YORK CITY.
WE invite the privilege. We u?e the beat quality of every drug ; m
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D. 8. "VANDIVER. E. P. VANDIYBH
ANDERSON, S. C., October 8, 1902.
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Georgia Home Made Harness Cheap
?be finest, light draft
In the world. Come and see it.
Yours- in earnest,
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
a/sre ?J ust JEteoeived
Two Cars Fine Tennessee Valley
Red Cob Corn*
You run no risk in. feeding this to your SIOCA.
Will also make the very finest meal.
Come quick before it is all gone.
O* D. ANDERSON,
ft LONG LOOK AHEM
A man thinks it is when the matter of h
insurance suggests itself-but qircumsta
" late have shown how life hangs bv
when war, flood, hurricane and fi
?nly overtakes you, and the only wi
sure that your family is protected t
>f calamity overtaking you is to i
a solid Company like
F^^^ The Mutual Benefit Life Ins. G
J^f^^.:7 'Drop in and see us about it.
M i M. MATTISON,
' STATE AGENT,
Peoples! Bink;Bnllding,tIANDEREON 8* <?