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Squire Tom's Long I3
H. M. Wiltse,
My friend Squire Tom is tue non of
a Tennessee man, who was hom in
Virginia, and a Cherokee woman.
When the civil war began he was a
mere boy, but he promptly joined thc
Confederate army, and became a (scout,
first for General Joe Wheeler and then
for General N. i>. Forrest.
Upon one occasion his little party
was ordered to make thc nearest pos
sible approach to Nashville, take care
ful observations of the Btrength and
situation of tho enemy and report to
thc commanding general.
AB they were proceeding rather
leisurely through a fertile section of
middle Tonnesece to give the horses a
little rest toward noontide they wero
surprised by a force of federal cavalry,
and in Squire Tom's own words, "did
thc only thing that was left for us to
do, and ran liko tho devil."
Duck river was somewhat swollen,
but under the inspiration of a shsrp
fire from their pursuers they foroed
their horses into tho stream and all
emerged on the opposite bank without
casualty save Tom, whoso horne was
shot and killed.
Being an expert swimmer he suc
ceeded in securing tho bridle and sad
dle and getting safely ashore with hiB
The party was now in a forest, and
for tho time being comparatively safe
But it was imperative that those who
were mounted should push on as far
as possible during daylight.
Thc lieutenant in command said to
the unfortunate boy: "Tom, you are
in a desperate predicament, but I'
know of no other way than for us to
leave you to your fate, and may God
bless you. Good-by."
"All that I ask of you," replied
Tom, "is that you will throw a green
branoh upon the right-hand side of
the road, whenever you leave Notohey
Trace," for he knew that they would
leave that highway at night when they
were ready to go into oamp. Notchey
Trace waa ao called because in those
days the way through tho forest was
indicated by cutting notches in the
trees to tell the miles as well as per
form the functions of guide posts when
the road was not plain.
"I will do that, you may be ?uro,"
said tho lieutenant, "but what earthly
good will that do you? We shaM
travel at leaBt 25 miles before we go
into camp, and you have no horse.
We must break oamp and push on be
fore daylight in the morang."
"I will bo with you when you break
camp," said Tom.
The lieutenant pressed his hand warm
ly, tho boys all bade him a reluctant,
and, as thoy believed, a last good-by,
and away they went at a swift gallop.
Tom proceeded ?along the road that
they had taken until he came to a
large oom field. Into the midst of
this he plunged, and there kneeled
upon the gronnd, in obedience to a
promise made to his Indian mother,
who was a devout Christian, and
whose implicit faith would put to
shame the feebler quantity given to
many people of greater pretentious
that he would always appeal to God
for help in oases of emergency.
"I wer', at it in mighty earnest,"
said Squire Tom, "but with the most
implicit faith that God would hear and
answer my prayer. It may seem ridi
culous to you that I should have pray
ed so long and so earnestly while in
tending, all the.time, to steal the first
horse that I laid eyes upon; but I was
praying for a horse, and I believed
that God would send me on':, to take
as a gift from Him or to steal as a ne
cessity of war."
It was ll o'clock in the forcuoon
?w'h'CQ his companions left him. It was
-sundown when ho heard sounds as of
a body of men and a train of wagons
moving up the road, and thereupon
brought his long prayer to a close.
He crept to a point where ho could
.see, and suro enough a body of federal
troops and a wagon train were passing
Hungry and thirsty to the point of
faintness, Tom was rejoiced beyond
expression when he discovered a large
number of fine watermelons in tho part
of the corn field where he was now
standing. Eating as mueh of the de
licious fruit as he wished, ho orept
along, concealed by the friondly corn,
until he saw tho federal foroe going
into camp near a barn and some cribs.
He remained concealed until after
darkness had fallen, and fortunately
for him pale moonlight soon succeed
ed. When everything b?camo still he
reconnoitered and discovered that a
numbQr of horses wore grazing not
very far from thc barn. The position
of tho sentries he could not make out,1
? but iw'j risk of challenge wa?fono that
must tx? taken. y
Lying down arid dragging his saddle
and bridlo as best he could, he cropt
to tba newest bors?'aod tries' to secure
it, but tho animal gave a slight snort
rayer and its Answer.
in Sunry South.
and ran away from him. Ho made
several attempts with similar results,
but finally came to a large animal
which showed no fear.
Quickly placing his saddle and bri
dle securely for a desperate ride, ho
mounted, and avoiding thc road, where
he knew n???iob were Mure to be post
ed, he made off into Holds and over
fences, until he fekfairly secure from
successful pursuit. Then, having a
fine knowledge of stars and woodoraft
in general, he took observations, and
proceeded in the general direction of
the spot where ho thought his com
rades were likely to have left the
road, avoiding it, and still proceed
ing through fields, forests, and over
Even in this emergency the lessons
whioh his mother had taught him were
not for a moment forgotten. The
wrongs suffered by her race had not
embittered her, but had impressed her
strongly with the duty of observing
strictly the rights of others. When a
fence was tco high for safe jumping
ho would dismount and let it down.
If it merely separated field and forest
or two barren fields, he left it open;
but if it separated fields in which
crops were growing, or in either of
which was a crop, he conscientiously
replaced it in as r;ood condition as
whon he found it.
All of the knowledge that he had of
the country was ' that a settlement
called Lousy Level lay to the left of
the road, and that his comrades would
be encamped to the right of it. Where
the road was he bad but little idea.
He wanted to know w??ere Lousy Level
was in order that be might go in the
Toward midnight he came to a farm
house, and with that one bit of infor
mation as a pretext to arouse the
farmer and ask the direotion to that
locality. In reply to a question,
whioh was natural in those troublous
I times, he replied that his mother was
siok over on the Level, and that he
had been after a doctor.
As soon OB the farmer had returned
to the house Tom went to the spring
house, where he had discovered some
pans of milk, and stopped long enough
to drink the contents of one, whioh
was a mighty source of strength for
his desperate ride.
Leaving the level of unseemly name
far to the left be kept the course as
his judgment and the stars dictated,
and after a long ride, after many strug
gles with briars and brambles, after
passing through many strips of forest
and crossing many a rail fence, his
hear' ounded for joy as they emerged
into the highway and he discovered a
freshly broken laurel branch, lying
upon the right side.
Getting down he soon found a fence,
and could plainly see where a party of
horsemen had crossed, and then put
up the gap.
A mile'or two further on he found
his friends, all wrapped in soundest
slumber-not even a sentry out to give
the alarm in ease of the approach of
foe or friend. ?They did wot, ex
pect a visitation from either, they felt
so sure of their hiding placo. They
all needed a full night's rest, too, in
order to be ready for the great ride of
Tom pioketed his horse, rolled him
self in his blanket, and was soon as
sound asleep as the happiest of the
Abo . daybreak he was awakened
by an exclamation, 11 Why, boys, look!
There is a strange horsel"
The presecoe of the animal caused
a good deal of consternation; but wheo
one of the scouts discovered Tom roll
ed up in his blanket and Called atten- !
tion to him, the lieutenant exclaimed,
in enthusiasm, which military discip
lino did not chtok, "Well, if there
ain't that darned Injun."
In turn every man in the party gave
their oompanion, so unexpectedly re
turned to them, a sound hug and a
"God bless you, Tom, my boy!"
It proved that, the horse which Tom
had stolen as an answer to his half
day long prayor was the property of
tho wagon master, and the best trav
eler in the federal command.
A Soldter of the Legion.
Mr. S. E. Welch, himself one Of the
best soldiers who fought under Hamp
ton, tolls tho following very interest
ing story about ono of his old oom-,
rades who has fought his last fight:
"William H. Dova, a Confederate
veteran, who doser ves mora than a
passing notice and who served the
Confederacy with conspicuous ability,
passed away on February 6,1903. j He
was born July 9,^-841, in dhrist
Churoh Parish, where his carly life
was passed, and volunteered in% Capt.
L. C. McOord's company for service
in the Hampton Legion infantry.
When tho company was mustered into
thc Confederate army and expected to
bc sent to Virginia it was ordered by
Governor Picken a to thc coast of South
Carolina, and was stationed for months
on the Stono River, where Mr. Duva
proved by obedience to orders and
readiness for any duty, no matter how
dangerous or trying, those high sol
dier qualities which he maintained to
"When the seven days' Gght around
Richmond occurred the company was
hurriedly sent to Virginia and partici
pated in all of the battles which led
up to the Maryland campaign and ter
minated at Fredericksburg. Our com
rade took part iu these and was sev
eral ti lues slightly wounded. About
tho close of 1862^ Jenkins's brigade, to
which tho Hampton Legion had been
transferred from Hood's TciauH, W*D
ordered to the Blackwater River,
where picketing and skirmishing were
of almost daily occurrence. Mr. Duva
was constantly on the 'firing line,' and
here learned much of the art of scout
ing, in which he was afterwards so
successful. Ho was a man of untiring
energy, unfailing good humor, re
sourceful and courageous. No matter
how exhausting the maroh, wet to the
skia, famished and foot-sore, his mer
ry laughter could be heard and was
"No Qne in tho entire command con
tributed as much as he when the
bivouac was reached to reconcile his
wearied, hungry comrades to make the
best of the most wretched conditions.
His happy disposition made him a
great favorite, and there was scarcely
a man in the brigade who did not
know 'Bill Duva' and greet him most
cordially on all occasions. He was a
famous swimmer, a fine horseman and
excelled in all athletic sports. His
knowledge of woodcraft was remarka
ble-under no circumstances was he
ever lost in the woods or mountains.
"At the bloody engagement at DLan
dridge, East Tennessee, he was taken
prisoner and sent to Knoxville. Soon
after, with twelve or fifteen comrades,
under a mounted guard, he was started
off for Cumberland Gap. On the road
bis buoyant spirits kept the crowd in
a merry mood. At nightfall of the
first day out ho persuaded his guard
to climb a feooe with him to get some
drinking water. The weather was
bitterly* cold and the stream frozen.
Stooping down he broke the ioe with a
stone and slaked his thirst. Upon
getting up he held the stone in his
hand and his guard stooped to drink,
when Dova struck him with the rook
and ran into the woods. The entire
guard fired, but missed him. For two
days he hid in the brush and travelled
only at night. At the Holston River
Ferry he found a Federal pioket play
ing cards by the firelight. Quietly
slipping the ohain from a small boat,
he jumped into it and poshed out into
the stream, when the dog barked and
alarmed the guard, who at once ran
to river and ' kept firing till our com
rade crossed the stream. Fortunately
he escaped harm and, though the
country was full of Federal scouting
parties and Union bushwhackers, he
returned to oamp, after an absence of
a week. i x
"When the Legion' was ordered
back to Virginia as mounted infantry
Mr. Duva was detailed for speoial duty
as a scout, and in this he rendered
conspicuous service, as his. natural
qualifications eminently fitted him for
such work. The information he gath
ered and dangers he experienced were
more like a romanoe than the monot
onous life of a soldier. For nearly
four years b* served his country, and
when Lee surrendered at Appomattox
he laid down bia arms with the con
sciousness of duty well done. After
hostilities ceased he returned to the
city, and was for many years in tho
employ of the South Carolina Railway
Company and ita successor, the South
"An enthusiastic Confederate, a
sincere friend, a brave man and Chris
tian gentleman has gone to his re
Three Mexican War Veterans.
Spartanburg, February 28.-Veter
ans of tho various wars are too com
mon to attract milch attention, even in
these "piping times of peace." When
a call is made for pensioners thc woods
seem to be full of Confederate veter
ans and they appear to come out of
old wells, red gullies and other hiding
places, as the Kuklux did. years ago.
Then tho boys now pose as veterans,
for somo of them volunteered for the
Cuban war and, although there ie not
tho smell of gunpowder on their
clothes, they, too, aro on the vctecran
But it is a pretty raro sight to see a
genuine veteran of the Mexioan war.
So far ' as this correspondent knows
there are only three in this county.
? Very few persons remember the
I publio meetings and the call for vol
I untcers in 1846. A few may remem
ber tho ovation given to tho returning
.soldiers in 1848. Of these three
Henry C. Easier, living near Chero
kee Springs, belonged 'io tho regular
army. In 1846 a recruiting officer
named Welsh came to Spartanbcrg to
: W got young mon to join tho regular
army for five years. Several volun
teered. Amonguhom waa H. C. Eas
ier. .Tnh a Wyalj|, Mark danton and
John Richardson, a printer in thc
There were others whose names can
not bo secured. They were sent to
Fort Moultrie, where they were or
ganized as an artillery company, un
der Capt. Stcptoe, and attached to the
3d regiment, under Col. Oates.
They were sent from Fort Moultrie
to tho mouth of the Bio Grande,
thenoe up the river to Tampioo and
thence to Vera Cruz and Cerro Gorda.
At the latter place they came under
the command of Gen. Winfield Scott.
Mr. Easier thought that he was the
finest looking man he ever saw in uni
His company lost Capt. Steptoe in
some way and Capt. Burke was io
command when they assisted in bat
tering down the walls and gatos of
The company remained io Mexico
until peace was declared, when they
returned to New Orleans. Tboy were
then sent to fortress Monroe and then
to Fort Independence, near Boston.
There Mr. Easier saw the Constitu
tion, which was perforated with shot.
The company was stationed at East
port, Maine, a short time,
t He saw Col. Butler fall at the gate
of tho City of Mexico. He also saw
Gen. Taylor, Jefferson Davis and many
of the other distinguished officers.
He was mustered out of servioe at the
expiration of his time. He had saved
his pay and had about $400 when he
returned home in 1851. He was 78
years old a few days ago. He bears
his age well and is able to do a fair
day'p. work on his farm. The two
'other veterans in chis oounty were in
the volunteer servioe.-News and Cou
North Carolina Ponies.
There is really no more historical as
well as interesting and curious terri
tory in tho United States than the
long sand banks whioh mark the east
ern boundary of North Carolina, and
_l. . _L *_M. i_a_._ii?iJ.
rruivu si/i LU ? tjtou ureBKHnver. rrtnuiu
which are the' sounds . through which
the government now proposes to pro
vide an inland waterway whioh will
end the terrors of Cape Hatteras.
The writer has told for the Sunny
South the story of the part of the
banks of whioh Cape Hatteras forms
a vast promonotory, and this is to be a
story? abont the part further to the
southward, where the little ponieL are,
the only wild horses east of the Mis
sissippi; ponies whioh have over three
oenturies of history behind them.
The part of the banks in question is
known as "Shaokleford's Banks, tak
ing its name from the ohief owner.
Beginning at Ooracoke Inlet, this
stretch of sand reaches to Bogue In
let, terminating at Shaokleford's
Point, in front of the town of Beau
fort. Shaokleford's Banks are about
forty miloB long, low-lying, with here
and there dunes, or sand hills, rising
to a height of, say, thirty or fo.*ty
feet, tree-covered,' the trees hoed with
vines, and in this mass of nearly sub
tropical vegetation, most of it ever
green, the Spanish bayonet, prickly
pear, or small cactus, and the fan or
scrub palmetto. There aro homes
here and ; there along the irregular
stretch of Shaokleford's Banks, and
there is also a light house, and near it
a great natural harbor of refuge, at
Cape Lookout, whioh the government
is also planning to utilise.
On Shaokleford's Banks alone are
the little- ponies referred to. lt is
strange, bat true, that these arc found
in their wild stat* nowhere else.
There aro, said to bo about 1,200 of
them on the banka. Inquiry made of
observant residents as to whether the
number of the ponies had decreased
during the past fifty years brought
?he response that they had, and that
until about 1850 the ponies increased*
The ponies weigh about 800 pounds
and their height is about thirteen or
fourteen hands-thai is, 4t\ to 4} feet.
Their life te mainly on the,banks,
though in very stormy weather they
sometimes swim over to the mainland,
a distanoe of two v> five mileB away.
Their food ia marsh grass, ?eaves of
scrubby trees, and shrubs and berries,.
particularly the berries of the holly,
Tho woods give them usually a good
shelter, and henee it is but seldom
that they seek the shel te r of the main
land. They live to quite an age, but
the average is about 22 years. Some
reaoh tho ago of 40.
These ponies have owners. The
"banks ''aro owned by grants sold by
the. State. These people make pons
out of, drift wood and rough logs and
poles and into these the ponies and
their colts aro driven and branded.
A obit following a branded mare is
considered the property of the owner
of tho mare, and he holds it. lu
cases where there are colts whioh do
not follow the mares, thoa the "pen
ners," that is, the men who make and
own the pons, take them. Such is
tho unwritten law. The ponies are
driven out Of tho scrub by drivers or
herders, and tbie is a work of no small
difficulty, as the scrub is so thiok as
often to bo a jungle, threaded by
thousands of narrow paths, through
the shining sand. Tho wind and the
salt keep down much of the vegetation,
so that thero one may ace hickory
trees not over three feet in height,
yet loaded with nu ta, and her so chest
nut trees equally as dwarfed.
Tho colts are covered with hair sev
eral isjbhes in length, naturo's protec
tion 'against the weather. This is
called colt hair and looks life felt. Jt
falls off in large flakes. Most of the
colts aro of a faded brown color, bat
when ?heir hair falls off they come
out in their true color, which is some
times black. They are termed colts
until they are branded, though the?
may be three years old or more before
they are penned and the brand pot on.
The ponies are always known, in all
paris of the State, as "banker" po
nies. They do not appear to be sold
muoh outside of North Carolina, as the
people in other States do not know
anything about them. They cross
well wifh horses. When taken up
country and fed upon hay, corn and
oats they fill out and darken in color
somewhat. Their instinct is remarka
ble. They know by means of it tho
way to get to the mainland or to tho
islands with tho minimum amen?t of
swimming, and the writer has seen
them wade great distances without
getting out of their depth, making va
rious changes and turns in direction
to oonform to the shoals. Tot they
are fearless swimmers. They paw
holes in the sand at low-lying plaoes
and thus get drinking water.
Though an inlet only about two
miies in width separates Shaokelford's
Banks from Bogus Banks, yet the po
nies never go on the latter banks.
Nor do they cross Ooraooke Inlet.
The ancestors of these hardy and
valuable little horses were the Bar
bara horses which Sir Walter sent
over with his colonists to Roanoke Is
land. They have bred and multiplied
and for at least two centuries have
been utilized by the people of that
section. Sir Walter's oolonists, when
the relief from England was so long
delayed in reaching them, went with
the Indians to the mainland; but most
have left their ponies. Tho Indians
were unused to horses. These In
dians were the HateraBks, who gave
their name to the dreaded qape. When
Raleigh's colonists first landed there
they found that the Haterasks were
distinguished by their blue/;eyje_a, and
that they had a tradition, that their
"fathers oould talk put ?f;a* book."
Honco the inference ' t?iat at sorao
former period a orew '.'pf, w^hito men
had been oast away thereabout and
had amalgamated with the Indians. -
These sturdy little ponies are, the;e
fore, a part of the romance which
hangs about this quaint, part of North
Carolina. There are persons who bold,
that Raleigh's colonists first landed on
Shaokelford's bank? and later went to
the isle of Roanoke, where they built
their fort, because it was a more de
fensible pfooe, and' that they loft tho
"little Barbary horses" on, these bo&k8<|
until better times should come. iMe
The "banks" at Hatteras and also
to th? southward were even'within
many's memory far more heavily
wooded than they are now, the over
whelming Band dunes, or moving
mountains of sand, having swallowed
up large Btretob.es of forest. As the
dunes pass on, moved by the winds,
they leave only stumps of trees, or at
most mere snags, polished to'a re
markable whiteness.-Fred A. Olds,
in the Sonny- South.
- " . . mm
?- A woman's brain in said to le
oline in weight aftei the age ?of 30.
Naturally, for it is then, generally,
that she has to think for a husband
and ? half dozen children as well aa
- The jory brought in a verdict of
"Not guilty." Tito judge said, ad
monishingly to the prisoner: "After
this you ought to keep away "from bad
company." "Yes, your honor. You
will not see mo here again in a har?
Gloomy thoughts to
come habitual to the dy
peptic. He- looks on .the
dark ?de o? things and
every mole bill ' becomes a
mountain. His condition- fl
affects hist business judg
ment and mars bia home
Dr. Pierce's Golden Med
ical Discovery cores dys
pepsia and other diseases SSS ! ?
of . the organs of digestion
and nutrition, : It gives
buoyancy of mind as well
as health of body because it removes the
physicial cause of mental depression.
It ena! Jes the perfect digestion and
assimilation of food, and the body ia
strengthened by nutrition which is the
only source of physical strength.
?X -was afflicted with what the doctors called
nervous Indigestion. Took medicine from my
family physician li co avail," writes Mr. Thus.
O. l*evcr, of I^ever, Richland Co., 8. C." ?At
death would soon'Claim me.. Always expected
something unusual to take place; was Irritable
and impatient, and frreaUy reduced in flesh. I
could scarcely eat any think that would not pro
duce a bad feeling In my stomach. After mme
hesitation; I decided to try a few catties of Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and ? Pellets.*
After tn King several bottles of each,' found I wa?
strong. I ?ally.beUeve if any one suffering \ ,
indigestion or torpid liver or chronic Cold would
take Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery and
'Pleasant Pellets ' and observe a few simple hy
?ienlc rules, they would soon be greatly bene
tbd. and with a little perseverance would be
Biliousness is cured by the use of Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pelleta.
?ngtoeStoa^ M BeaiS tll8 i .
\ ^^^S^^^? i Signature /%w
t? Fr orn?les D?gC3Uon,Cheert'M!- fl w M\f If/ ?
Opium,>?orplune nor>?iiierat Wk o! ^?l^taj
NOT "NAI?C OT?W^ . ?wVS?
IAperfecl Remedy for Constipa- S /^? fff* ? &y<
Hon,SourStomach.Diarrftoea II fAy
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I ness andL08S OF SLBBR H \Jr ?Ul'UVIlf
j FaxSit?le Signature or? M -'?aa " ^ a
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. ANDEBS0N, S. C., October 8,1902. j
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