Newspaper Page Text
33is?iop Candler Writei
Since the date of my laai letter te
The Atian?i Journal I have gone by
railway over tho island of Cuba from
Havana to Santiago, besides making
some observationa on horseback and
getting some "views" afoot in the
province of Santa Clara.
j ?m more than ever impressed with
the wonderful natural resources of
the island; ?nd J ?rn tfioroGghly per=
suaded that its future will bo one of
I Baw stalks of wild cotton of extra
ordinary height, and white with "the
fleecy staple." One stalk I took pains
to measure, and I was amazed to find
it having a diameter of over three
inches at thc ground and a height of
above fourteen feet. It was said to
be four years old and was still bear*
?og fruit, although the staple was
rather short. It had. not been culti
vated, but sprang up in a rich spot and
grew without attention from human
I met a gentleman who has already
made a successful experiment on nj
email scale with ootton growing, and
is so pleased with the results that he
has bought a large traot of land and
will enter at o nco- into the business of
cotton growing in Cuba.
He told me that on land whioh cost
him from three to six dollars an aore
he bad gathered four bales from one
acre, and that the staple meaured two
inches. From observations of my
own I was prepared to believe his
story, though to ?nany people it will
doubtless seem incredible. vThis gen
tleman is now returning to tho States
to supply himself with implements for
cultivating ssd gi?mugihe product,
and to hire hands to make his next
crop. He is convinced that one plant
ing in five years will make ootton of
good Btaple and that then it will be
necessary to replant in order to pre
vent deterioration. Of this I am jot
so sure. I think two or three years
will be as long as the plant will' grow
period of only two years, producing,
as it does, so enormously this long
staple lint, it will bring fabulous
profit B. Again I say, as in my former
letter, that ootton of superior quality
will be grown in Cuba al an early
day, and it will be grown in large
Not far from the large cotton stalk"
which I measured I saw a coffee plant
growing. Many years ago a Frenoh
colony grew coffee os s. large aoa?e iu
the provinoe of Puerto Principo, but
the ravages of war broke up the ool
ony and destroyed the industry. But
?now a few people are beginning to
I grovr coffee again, and with years of
peace the planting will increase.
Of course the? great industries of to
bacco and sugar will continue, as in
former years, to engage much oapital
The grazing lands are the best I
ever saw. Before the war Cuba bad
over 3,000,000 head of cattle. At ita
close there were less than 400,000 head. |
Mr. Wilson told me that at the put
set of the year 1899, when he was in
in charge of the Mantanzas province,
!? were not 300 cows in the entire
?noe. Kiding yesterday from Ma
ir to Havarn I counted from the
window on one side of the roil
943, and the v were as fat as the
st pasturage could make them,
iend saw as many more in the
9 in sight on the other side of the
ay. It ia estimated that there
tow about 1,000,000 head on the
e island. But not less than
),000 more are required, and thc
?age ia euffioiont to sustain 5,000,
to 7,000,000. Here ia room for
her great industry,
ten there are the tropical frmtt
the vegetables. Never bitten by
. nor blighted by drought, they
be shipped from Havana to New
c in four days. The railroad now
ting from one end of tho island to
Hher can oarry them quiokly to
north ports for shipment. Look
for Cuban vegetablea and fruits in
innah, Macon and Atlanta next
er. Do not expect strawberries,
ever, for none are grown in Cuba,
people say the strawberry does
dowell here. I believe the rasp
7 would flourish, however. Of
< the natives seem to know nothing,
he hard wood timbers will give I
to another profitable line of in?]
.ment. The mahogany, rosewood i
othor suoh growths have scarcely '
. touobed. And the reason of
r neglect is not far to seek,
il the new railroad penetrated the
oe in whioh they grow moat abun
tly there was no ma an s of hauling
trees out if they had been out.'
that will change 'now. ?
rom all these sources of wealth it
rident that Cuba will soon be onor
ut some one may be .disposed to
ount these statements by asking
s au Interesting Letter
sosas sao ? questions ss these: if Juba
has such resources, why did not the
Spaniard find it ont and enrich him
self? And why a: 1 not Americans,
always keeneyed to tarn a penny, find
all these things before?
To the first question I answer the
Spauiard did find out what was here,
.nd notwithstanding his want of skill
and euierprise of the highest charac
ter he made his millions here. Else
whence so many large and wealthy
cities. Besides Havana with 250,000
people, I mention the following cities,
none of whioh have less than 20,000
inhabitants, and some of whioh have
above 50,000; Matanzas, Oienfuegos,
Cardenas, Santa Clara, Puerto Prin
cipo, and Santiago. A page of the
paper upon whioh J write would not
suffice for the names of oities and
towns having 2,000 to 10,000 inhabi
tants. I write a few, as Finar del
Bio, Guanajay, Bemedios, Sagua Ia
Grande, Colon, Placetas, Cruces, Ran
ohuela, Holquin, Caribarin, Nouvitas,
Manzanillo and Guantanamo. Now
be it remembered that Cuba laoks over
10,000 square miles of being as large
as the. state of Georgia. Could so
small an island sustain so many oities
of such wealth as these if it were not
rioh beyond all possibility of exag
geration. And it must not be forgot
ten that lesS than one-fourth of Cuba
has ever b?en brought under cultiva
tion. No wonder the Spaniard fought
so hard to retain it; it was one of his
best assets. No wonder he expended
so much life and treasure TQ his de
fense; it was well worth uefending.
And it is no wonder that Ameri
cans, sicco the barriers erected by
Spain around their island (isolated as
it was by barriers of commerce, gov
ernment, religion and language) have
been measurably removed, are rushing
in from every direotion. Senator San
guilly, speaking in the Cuban senate
on the treaty of reciprocity to-day,
declared that since the war Ameri
cans had invested in Cuba over $80,
00^,000. If these figures of the sena
tor are correct it is entirely within
reason to predict that at the end of the
next ten years American investments
in Cuba will aggregate more than
$300,000,000 or above the vain? of all
the real estate in the isknd at the
ol ose of the war.
But I must end this 'etter now. In
another communication I may give a
treatment of some other phases of in
W. A. Candler.
Havana, Cuba, March 10,1903.
- ? m -
Because of Hanna's Bill.
As a sample of what has followed
the introduction by Senator Hanna of
that bill granting pensions to former
slaves, the oiroular of the ex-Slaves
Mutual Belief, Bounty and Pension
Association, with supreme head
quarters in Washington, may be men
tioned. This oiroular starts off with
an announcement of the introduction
of the bill by Senator Hanna, who is
desoribed os'a "man of might and pow
er", and as a natural oonsequenoe it is
asserted that "victory is perohed on
oar banners." Further on it is de
clared that certain moneys oollected
for the purpose of farthering ouch leg
islation have' not been sufficient to
meet all the j.r. ?es ear y disbursements,
therefore, each member is requested
to-forward $1, "with the exception of
those in North Carolina, who have al
Many schemes have been floated
since the introduction of the Hanna
bill for the purpose of getting deluded
former slaves to part with their money
in a useleSB cause. Fortunately the
Post-Office Department is alert, and
it is deolared to be not unlikely that
'fraud orders will be issued as they
were two years ago, against similar ef
forts.- Buffalo Express.
Canner Cared by Blood Balm.
ALL SKIN AND BLOOD DISEASES
CURED.-Mrs. M. L. Adams, Fredo
nia, Ala., took Botanic Blood Balm
whioh effectually oured an eating can
cer of the nose and face. The sores
heitert, up perfeotly. Many dootors
.haft: ?Ivon up her case as hopeless.
Kuamfols of oases of cancer, eating
8or?^^pporating swellings, etc., have
been oured by Blood Balm. Among
others Mrs. B. M. G corney, Warrior
Stand, Ala. Her nose and lip were
raw as beef, with offensive disoharge
from the eating sore. Dootors ad
?catting, bat ib failed. Blood
sealed the sores, and Mrs. G?er
as well as ever. Botanic Blood
Balm also cares eczema, itching hu
mors, scabs and soales, bone pains,
ulcers, offensive pimples, blood poi
son, carbuncles, scrofula, risings and
bumps on tbe.skin and all blood trou
bles. Druggists, $1 per large bottle.
Sample of Botanic Blood Balm free
and prepaid by writing Blood Balm
Co., Atlanta, Ga. Desoribe trouble
and special medioal advice sent in
sealed letter. It isN certainly worth
while investigating snob a remarkable
remedy, as Blood Balm cures the most
awful, worst and most deep-seated
blood diseases. Sold in Anderson by
Orr-Gray Drug Co., Wilhito & Wil
hite and Evans Pharmacy.
The remarkable inoreaae in the
OUiCOgo, JI1VUUUUVU, IUU ? aiuu VI ?UV
tobacco er op of South Carolina daring
the past ten y care constitutes. ene cf
tbs most important factors in the de
velopment of this large and rapidly
growing industry. Ten yeera ago
South Carolina could hardly be con
sidered a tobaooo-produoiog State.
According to the reporta of the Elev
enth Censu? there were in the whole
State of South Carolina, in the year
1899, 394 aores of tobacco, upon whioh
was produced a orup of 222,898 pounds
valued at $33,908. According to sore
age the State ranked twenty-first in
'.hat year, and contributed less than
one-tenth of 1 per cent of the total
tobaooo acreage of the United States.
Th? wonderful development or the
industry in this State becomes appar
ent when these figures are eompared
with the reoent report of the Statisti
cian oonoerning the orop of 1902.
Last year South Carolina devoted
34,912 acres to the oulture of tobaoco,
produoing a crop of 25,625,408
pounds which is valued at more than
Acoording to acreage the State now
ranks seventh, having more than 3.3
per cont of the total tobaooo aoreage of
the United States.
The aoreage for the past year repre
sents an increase of 28 per cent over
that for 1901, while the number of
pounds per acre has also shown a
The quality of the 1902 crop ia re
ported to he excellent, and the prioes
received by the farmer have been good.
Under these conditions it seems quite
probable that the aoreage for the pres
ent year will be substantially greater
than that of 1902, and that tho tobaooo
orop of South Carolina will continue
to grow in importance.
While tobaooo has been grown on a
small soale in nearly every county of
the State for a great many years, the
m irked increase in its production has
been confined to a limited area in the
northeastern portion of the 8t*ie;
known as the Darlington District.
The four counties, Marioo, Darling
ton, Florenoe and B?rry, produce
about 80 per cent of the total orop of
the State. Here has been found a
loose sandy soil 8 or 10 inches in depth
underlying which is a subsoil of olay,
whioh seems particularly well adapted
to the production of a fine quality of
that bright yellow tobacco whioh has
made eastern North Carolina and por
tions of Virginia famous in the tobao
oo markets of the world. The diffi
culties whioh were encountered by
those who first undertook to produoo
this type of tobaooo in South Carolina
upon a large soale resulted principally
from lack of knowledge as to the
proper methods of oulture and ouring,
together with the impossibility of
scouring experienced labor. The first
orops of this tobaooo produced in this
section were found to have a disagree
able odor and taste, whioh injured
its - sale. As these difficulties were
overcome and better tobaooo was pro
duced it was found that the undesira
ble reputation made by the earlier
orops, seriously handicapped the mar
ket for South Carolina tobaoco, and
a great deal of it was sent to the estab
lished markets of North Carolina and
and Virginia and waB sold as North
Carolina or Virginia tobaooo. That
these difficulties have now been suc
cessfully overoome by the planters of
South Carolina is best shown by tho
f aot that large and important markets
have spmng up at Darlington, Flor
enoe, Mullins, Timmonsville, and
other points in the district, where
warehouses and redrying establish
ments have been built, and where
everyfaoility is afforded for the proper
care of the orop. Onl- a very small
portion of the orop is now marketed
outside the State, South Carolina
tobaooo enjoying a most enviable repu
tation upon the domestio and foreign
The growth of the tobaooo industry
in South Carolina has been attended
with great financial benefit to the
planters. In many sections where
cotton has heretofore been the only
souroe of revenue to the farmer, to
baooo is now being grown to sue. an
extent that the money value of this
orop equals that of cotton. This re
sult has been attained without mater
ially lessening the volume of the cqt
ton crop, hence the annual inoome of
the planters has been practically
doubled by tho introduction of tobao- j
oo. The following statement made by j
a planter in Darlington County with
reference to his own orop in 1902 well
.illustrated what some of the success
ful tobaooo growers of South Carolina
are doing :
1. Value of land per aore, $25.
2. Cost of fertiliser per acre, $12.
3. Pounds of fertiliser used per
4. Production of tobaooo in pounda
per aore, 1,100.
5. Amount realised per aore from
sale of orop, $200.
This orop was planted early and was
well cared for, and the price scoured
was therefore better than the average,
bnt many other planters are experi
encing results equally good in propor
tion to the labor expended.-Crop Re
porter. __ _
- There are friendships between
men, between women toleration.
Governor Heyward on Cram.
To the Editor of The Sunday News: I
Your telegram, asking my opinion on
the reappointment of Dr. Crum ab
collector of the port of Charleston,
has been received. As an appoint
ment made by the Chief Magistrate of
our nation I consider this an indignity
not only upon the City of Charleston,
but upon the entire State, and one
whioh should reoeive the condemna
tion of overy right-thinking oitisen of
South Carolina and of the South.
Dr. Cram is in no sense a represen
tative of the oommunity in whioh he
lives nor of this State. As a supposed
representative of the business interest
of Charleston he outs a ridioulous fig
ure in the office to whioh President
Roosevelt has labored *c hard tc ap
point him. This is added to by the
fact that a Republican Senate, a body
of President Roosevelt's own party,
has twioo refused to confirm his ap
As to any supposed influence Dr.
Crum may possess, it belongs to that
very deai to President Roosevelt-a
politioal opportunity, whioh is now
the President's only door of hope to
ThiB appointment should be con
sidered as an indignity to South Caro
lina. By it President Roosevelt has
clearly shown that this aotion on his
part is politics; nothing but politics,
and in making it he has descended to
a level of petty politics, whioh is de
grading to the Chief Magistrate of a
In this oonnootion it is disappoint
ing to reflect that nothing else could
be legitimately expected, since the
President has demonstrated moro than
onoe his very peculiar views upon this
question. With Booker T. Washing
ton in the dual role of a Social Equal
and a Politioal Prophet, indignity to a
sovereign State should not be greatly
wondered at, but should rather be ex
D. C. Heyward, Governor.
Columbia, March 21.
Jolting Orer Bad Roads.
With the same patience that the
early settler waited for tho railroad to
be built must the advocates of good
roads wait for any decided aotion to
bo taken xor the betterment of our pub
lic highways, says tho Whitewater,
For the last five years our roads
havo been the to^io of the press, but
we fail to see the good effects that this
should have had on the minds of an
intelligent people, an'5, -'range as it
may seem, the farmers aro the very
last ones with whioh t> is matter finds
any favor. While our city cousins
have long sinoe protested against the
slow, uncomfortable horse oar and
oompelled the companies to build ex
pensive eleotrio lines with palace oars,
we are contented to jolt along in cum
bersome vehioies over nearly as bad
roads ac those orr grandfathers travel
ed in early pioneer days, and farmers
who read from time to time of the
large sums of money spent by the gov
ernment in making publio improve
ments would vote against an equal
amount being expended on our high
For a proof of this fact just see with
what reluctance most farmers work on
the road, even when well paid for
their labor; better paid than they
often are for the work which they do
on the farm, and yet a greater proof is
the faot that in many of the towns in
this oounty they still ding to the old
way of working out road taxes by
allowing a man so much for his team,
plow or shovel and giving him ten
hours story telling.
At a rough estimate there is between
$10,000 and $15,000 expended annual
ly on the roads in this oounty. If
part of this large sum of money was
invested in machinery used in mak
ing roads, and then have the work
done by a body of men working under
a oounty overseer who had proved his
ability a? a road builder and oivil
engineer by passing a satisfactory
oivil servier examination, we oould
get more and better work done. Such
a man oould bo obtained for a moder
ate salary, and tho work done would
be more uniform and satisfactory than
that done by pet overseers who are
appointed regardless of ability, but
beoause of some politioal pull at town
Of course there are exceptions to the
general class of farmers who are work
ing and talking to the best of their
ability for good roads. It ' is to be
hoped that success ?rill in the end
crown their efforts.
jUon tts v^?to Kind Voa Haw Atari BoagM
-- Two anniversaries t bat a man
always observes with solemnity aro
his wedding day and the day his rich
uncle died without leaving him any
- A Kentuckian has just married
the same' wife the third time, thus tes
tifying that in his case the triumph of
hope over experience is an assured
victory every time.
Stops Cough sid Works off the Cold.
Laxativo BromoQuiniDe Tablets
oure a odd in one day. No Cure, No
Pay. Price 25 oents.
He will tell you
That barley - malt is a
half-digested food,as good
as food can be.
That hops are an ex
That the little alcohol in
beer-only 8 Vi ncr cent
is an aid to digestion.
Bat he will tell you that
beer* must be protected
from , germs, and brewed]
in absolute cleanliness.
He'll say, too, that agel
is important, for agc brings'
Without it, beer ferments
on the stomach, causing
Schlitz beer is brewed with all
precautions. It is tho rccog
nized standard all the world
over,because of its purity.
As!;for thc Brm cry Bottling.
For ?ale at all dlipeniarlet In
tho State, tn quart and plot
TBS BEES THAT HADE MILWAUKEE FAKOUS
i!n ninia rant PoMnaira
High up on the side of the Comber
laad Mountain I found a cabin situa
ted in such a lonely place and so far
from a neighbor's that I bad a curiosi
ty to know how tho old mountaineer
and his wife entertained each othor.
When wo had talked for a little while
"Do you and your wife SJO many
"Skassly ever oeo- anybody, suh,"
was his reply.
"Then you have to depend ontirely
upon yourselves for society?"
"That's it, suh."
"And what do you find to talk
about?" I oontinued, having noticed
that neither was inolined to conversa
"What do wo find, Martha?" ho ap
pealed to her.
"Heaps, I reckon," she said.
"Wheo breakfast is ready in tho maw
nin' I says to yo' to sot down to co'n
coffee and hoe-oake."
"When it's noon and you are hang
in* about I says that hoe cake and co'n
coffee is ready."
"And when it's oandlc-light I sort
o' jerks my head and yo' hitches up to
8orgum and hoe-oako and wants to
know why we don't hev baoon. Ain't
that talk 'nuff, stranger?"
"But there's the evenings," I sug
"Yes, thar's the evenings, of oo'so,
and I says I rcokoa it will be a fine
day, to-morrer, and Jeb he reokons
the same thing, ant re wind up the
olook and go to bed. Oh, I don't
reokon we ar' sufferin' to death for the
want of somebody to gab to."
HERE'S A BABY
ITS MOTETE? IS WELL.
The baby U healthy because darin? gestalt", o
I Ita mother used the purely vegetable liniment.
Mother1? Friend la a BOO Un*, softening, relax -
Ina; oil. a muscle maker, invigorator and freshen
er. It puts now r .worlnto Vour back and hips.
A coming mother rub? lt tn from th? outside,
wiih her own pretty finger?,-no dosing and
swallowing of nasty drugs-co Inside treatment
atThe atate of th? mother daring gestation may
Influence tho disposition and whola future of the
child j thetis why mothera should watch their
condition and free themselves from pain. Uer
health, that of the child and their lives, depend
on keeping free from torture, worry and melan
choly. Bo of good cheer, strong of heart and
peacefnl mind. Mothar** Friend can and will
make you so. Bearing down nain?, morning
sickness, soreness of breast, and Insomnia are
sU relieved and diminished by this wonderful
remedy backed by two score years of success.
Of druggist* f 1.00_
Sendlor our book-Motherhood-rr*?.
THC BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO.
White Bli?. 40c a Peck.
Early Rose.'.40c a Peck.
Goodrich. 40c a Peck.
Burbank.40o a Peck.
Peerless.40c a Peck.
FRESH PEAS AND BEAN8.
Paper Seeds three for 5c.
Onion Sets-Red and White.
Fresh Watermelon Seed.
Pratt's aud International Stock Food.
ANDERSON, S. C.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY
The Croat Hlgtwroy of TRADE sod TRAVEL
THROUGH THE SOUTHERN STATES.
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I . I .1 , ... ., . I li I ' --
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We shall be pleased to have your order.
ANDERSON PHOSPHATE AND OIL CO.
Why Not Give Your House a Coat of
TIC PAINT ?
Toucan put it on yourself-it is
already mixed-and to paint your
house would not cost you more
_ than.- - - - -
If ive ox* ?ix Dollars !
Orr^Gray & Go.
HOME SEEKER EXCURSION RATES
The Western and Atlantic Railway and Nashville, Chat
tanooga and St. Louis Railway,
To points in Texas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory and Missouri. 8olid vesti
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West. Best service and quickest time via tho Seen?" Battlefield Route
For schedules, rates, maps or any information, write
JOHN E. SATTERFIELD,
Traveling Passenger Agent, No. 1 Brown Building, Atlanta, Qa.
8eptlO,J9Q2 12 Cm