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The Tr* ri vate Soldier <
Wc hear and read KO touch about
the dashing exploits of officers that I
have choseu for my subject the pri
vate soldier of tho Confederate anny.
I must confess, however, that I ap
proach my thcuie wit!) u>> small ne
gree of perplexing embarrassment,
thinking perhaps I might ho inf ring- j
ing upon consecrated grounds.
You no doubt an; all well aware of
thc fact that the Atlanta .Journal for
a year or moro has been running in
its Saturday issues a number of series j
of articles under thc caption of close I
calls; these reminiscences are quite j
amusing and somewhat instructivo, j
"Were I a stranger to the operations of I
thc (?O's with no other source of in- !
formation, I would at once come to !
the conclusion that there was no other
command engaged in the war between
the states but "Tige Anderson's Bri
gade," and all the fighting was con
fined tb the soil of Virginia, with
Tigc's command always in the I .ad.
I would not for a moment be under
stood as detracting one single laurel
from the brow of that gallant com
mander, or his brave followers; at tho
same time, I would havo these knights
of tho (juill to understand that as
brave and heroic an army as ever tho
sun shone upou wero havingno picnic in
other fields, far romote from the classic
grounds of thc "Old Dominion," and
led on to tho conflict by such noble
ard chivalrous spirits as Forrest, Joe
^'heeler, Morgan, Joe Johnson, Har
?.oe, Frank Cheatham, Pat Cleburne
and a host of others, as dashing, brave
and gallant knights as ever stepped
upon tho arona of war. Their opera
tions extended from tho borders of
the Mississippi to tho banks of tho
Chattahoochee, embracing a eoopo of
ooun' 7 cpvering a half a score of
States. Aa an cvidenoo of their
indomitable skill and determined
bravery, ono has but to traverse tho
route from Nashville to Atlanta, whore
they aro hardlyoutof sight of the thous
ands of tombstones which mark tho
last testing place of tho invading foe.
I have somewhat diverged from tho
themo of my sketch, for it ?B of tho
private soldier 1 wish to speak. Never
in tho world's history has an army
been made up of just such material as
composes that heroic band, which
wont forth to battle for tho South.
They were not rcoruitcd from tho
slums of great cities, with no other
object in view but tho monthly pay.
Far from it. Thoy came forth at tho
call of their oountry from every walk
in lifo and every lino of pursuit, tho
rural home, tho work shop, tho offi
oes, schools and colleges; all plunged
into tho f j to battle for homo and
loved ones, without the thought of
emoluments or position. !
In tho ranks beside the college-bred
man stood bis moro hardy comrade
from the handles of tho plow. Thous
ands had left palatial homos of cul
ture and re tino tuen t for tho h ard s?" ip s
of the.field and camp. This noble
band of southern youth, made $p of <
tho best blood of tho South, went forth
to batftlo without hope of recompenso,
unselfishly devoted to tho oausc of 1
liberty and virtue, leaving tho firoside i
of plenty, "With tho tear of love upon i
the cheek" and tho light of courage 1
upon the determined face. <
Io order to illustrate moro clearly '
tho status of Nthe private soldier in 1
our Southern army. I will relate by '
request an incident which ooourrod .
near tho clo0 o? tho war. *
Just aftt: the round-up of Stone- 1
man aud his raiders near Macon, a
portion of his command, about 400, J
slipped off with a view of making their
way back to the federal lines. When '
this was ascertained a brigade of '
cavalry.under tho command of General '
W. O.P. Brcckinridgo was sent in 1
pursuit. Wc came up with tho gang
about daybreak in thc morning near a '
little place called "Jug Tavern." A 1
chargio was ordered, and wo captured '
the whole outfit with but slight loss. 1
We marched tho prisoners to Athens, J
as that was the nearest point we could 1
got transportation 'for thom. We '
plaood the prisoners insido tho col
lege campus and threw a guard around
The citizens of the little city woro
in a great Btate of commotion, for
ttieso were the first Yankee soldiers
they had' seen, and they were render
ed harmless from the Ht*1' escapade
we had with them chat morning.
The whole population waa thrown into
a wild state of excitement, and we
were the heroes of the hour. Our mon
and horses were nearly exhausted from
long and heavy marches, hunger and
want of sleep. Thoy wined and dined
ns ^n tho very best, nothing waa too
goo-, for us', ^o city n\ the South
can suv\m5S Athens fir uO?pUalit?^
and rennemect of its p??pl?* ^?tcrij
resting up for a day they gave na e j
grand-ovation. It took place in the
collego chapel. The large auditorium
oi Conic derate Army.
was crowded to ils utmost capacity, j
! Tho elite of thc "Classic City" was
! out ia full force, the ladies greatly in
' thc majority.
; On thc occasion referi? J to thc
! hack part "f the room was occupied hy
thc soldiers, while thc frout scat?
i were appropriated by thc ludios. Ou
! thc rostrum were scated thc mayor
an i a few distinguished gentlemen,
either too old to be in thc army or by
tlx ir professions exempt. Our sol
diers wcro a motley looking set. Wc
had not seen our wagon train for a
month, and were as dirty as pigs.
I Thc exercises were opened with
prayer, followed by an eloquent speech
by the mayor, in which ho paid glow
ing tributes to thc soldiers. When he
concluded it became necessary for
some soldier to reply. First one was
called upon, then another, but all
seemed backward in facing that audi
ence in their pitiable plight. Finally
one of tho boys was pushed out into
the aisle and almost forced forward.
Ile was a private soldier, 19 or 20
years oleb With a great deal of hesi
tation, he managed to roach tho plat
form. All eyes were turned with as
tonishment upon this Bmokc-begrimed
soldier boy, and seemed amazed to
think that he should be selected to
reply to the elegant address of their
mayor. 1 observed tho comments of
some of the ladies who occupied a soat
just in front of me, and 1 took occa
sion to remind them that if they would
withhold their criticisms for a few
moments, they might find themselves
Our Boldicr was indeed an object of
TH ty rntHnr.thkn of tn i r t L. His hair I
was in a tangled mass and his shirt
had not felt the eleansing influonee of
water for weeks. With all these visi
ble dc-fcc tu tho young man braced him
self for thc conflict, and with one
sweeping glance over the sea of faces,
he addressed himself to the "chair,"
with on easo and grace of manner
which showed he was no novice in tho
part ho was called upon to perform.
As ho warmed up to his subject,
everyono seemed to lose sight of his
outward appearance. His lofty and
sublimo thoughts, olothed in classi
cally chosen language, and expressed
with that impassioned eloquence
which always commands attention,
completely captivated his hearers.
The excitement of the crowd, when he
would round off a beautiful period, be
came intenso and would only subside
after a wild burst of applause.
When he told, in gentle cadence,
of his-home within tho enemy's lines
over a thousand miles away, and how
he parted with his mother and sister
to take up arms for tho struggling
South, and of the hardships he had
endured, there was scarcely a dry eye
among the spectators.
Ho held tho audience spell-bound
for an hour. When he descended
from the rostrum tho ladies gathered
about him, anxious to grasp the hand
of the soldior orator, and congratulate
him on his magnificent effort.
I doubt if ever before, or sinoe, has 1
that old hall resounded* to suoh burn - 1
rog eloquence. A group of ladies ap- 1
proached me and requested to know
who it was that had so richly enter- '
tained thom. I informed them we
bad plenty of officers who oould have i
replied to their mayor, but we chose
to put forward a private soldier and
ie is but a fair specimen, I said, of
-ho rank and file, which oompose tho
irmies of tho South. His namoisJ.
3; C. Black, from the mountains of
Ivon tuc ky.
I might prolong this sketch by re
lating the brilliant achievements of
juudrcds of our great soldiers after
.ho sossition of hostilities, but I have
lo'deniro to trespass upon your time
Lo that oxtont. Thoy entered civil
life With the samo indomitable spirit
ind hcroio resolve that prompted them
to take up j arms in defense of their
homes. Their \ achievements were
greater in peaoe than in war. Their
influonee was felt to a marked degreo
in tho halls of legislation, both . state
and national. In our courts of jus
tine, from behind the sacred desk, and
along every lino of endeavor that had
for its objeot tho upbuilding of the
conntry, they were among the leading
spirits, and along all these lines they
have won imperishable renown.
I will ?itato, in conclusion, that the
soldier boy who took so conspicuous
a part in the little episode at Athens,
Vas tho embodiment of honor, chival
ry and courage, always quiet, modest
and retiring in his deportment, al
ways ready to respond to any call of
duty, however perilous th'at may be.
1 He was over held in tho highest
estimation by his officers ap one to be
I relied upon under the most trying cir
cumstances ?nd va aa universally bo
4ov *d by his comrades. Ho returned
to Georgia direotly after the war and
claimed tho hand of one of her mest
CHUM BS BHSBHHR?,-.v- i .'
lovely und accomplished daughters.
Settled in Augusta, where ever iince
he has made that place hi? home,
lie is recognized throughout tue South
as one of her most gifted sous. *
J. P. Au-tin,
Camp A, Wheeler's Cavalry.
A Brave Irishman
"Courage, fidelity, honesty, aro thc
soldier's cardinal virtues, which, sum
med un, read thc plain and .simple
doings of one's duty. And it was in
Kicc Graves* battery before Fort Don
clson that the virtues of th? Confed
erate soldier were tried to the utter
most." said thc old staff officer.
"Among them all Tom Kiley, thc
orderly, shone out resplendently, for
he went to certain death against or
ders because he thought it was his
duty. Graves' battery hui), been got
up in thc lower part of Kentucky,
'No married mau nor tuen with sweet
hearts need apply' had been the order
of the captain in organizing it. And
tho battery looked the part. They
were the daredevils of Donolson.
They would sing whiie they shot and
crack jokes repulsing a charge. Tho
captain had made Riley orderly to keep
tho wild Irishman in order. Between
the two there was an affection almost
"On the second day of Donelson
Graves' battery was in a mighty tight
box. The battery had been ordered
into the rifle pits, and it seemed to
tho men that about a million bluecoats
were shooting at them. For hours
they lay under the leaden storm. The
enemy kept coming closer and closer.
Somethiug had to be done. To show
one's head above the trenches meant
" 'Bun out a gun and let 'em have
it, boys,' said Graves.
"Ono round was fired, but it seemed
only to bring down on that spot every
Federal gun in reach. To reload the
Confederato piece one tuan had to
show himself. Tho gunner sprang to
his place, rammer in hand. The piece
was reloaded, but the cannoneer fell
dead. Again tho "un from Graves'
battery spoke. A second time it was
reloaded, and a seoond oonnoneer lay
dead beside his piece.
"Time after time this wa9 repeated.
Thu dead piled up about the gun.
The entire Federal fire concentrated
in an effort to silence it. It took two
men now for one shot. The battery
boys had quit jokiDg. They lay grim
and determined in thc pit. As one
fell tho others moved up toward the
gun. The nearest would say, 'Good
by, fellows,' and jump to his place,
only to fall a minute later. The cap
tain had ordered Tom Kiley to stay
behind when the battery went into the
pits, but soaroely had tho men got Set
tled before Riley appeared.
"I couldn't help it, sir,' he said to
Graves and took his place among tho
men. Slowly death worked its way
ai?ug tho iiuo toward liiiey. Now he
was three, then two and one before
the o?ptain knew it. Then Graves saw
"Come hero, Riioy,' he cried. lYou
are not a gunner. You are my order
ly; You have no business there.'
"The cannoneer before Riley fell
dead. The wild Irishman seized the
rammer and turned ti the captain.
'It is my duty, sir,' ho said.
"Then as though on parade, but
with desperate swiftness, he began to
load the gun. A shot knocked him to
his knees, but ho staggered up again
and finished the work. Then he tuca
Bd and bowed in the direction of th?
" 'Why don't ye learn how shook?"
"Ho ateppped back into cover and
fell bleeding from half a dc ?en wounds.
" 'I wouldn't 'a given 'era the satis
docs not take into consideration:tn? One
essential to woman's happiness--wom
anly health. Theu is many a woman
whose future seems absolutely unclouded
who ia marke<l by her own condition for
future disappointment and distress.
The woman who
neglects her health j
is neglecting the
very fouudation of
all good fortune.
For without health I
love loses its lustre j
and gold is but
may be retained or
regained by the
use of Dr. Pierce's
tion. It establishes
the drains which
tion and ulcera-]
tion and eurea fe
male weakness. It 1
makes weak wom
en st rbu pc, sick]
women well. I
Sick women ?re invited to consult Dr.
Pierce by letter free. All correspondence
held aa strictly private and sacredly
confidential. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
? I have taken nix bottles pr Dr. Pierce's Favor
ite Prcacriptioti,? rrritea Mts* M, Fyfr, Cf OrtU*t
Simcoe Co., Ontario, ?and two bottles of the.
' Pleasant Pellet! ' na you advised for congestion
of uteru?, Varies, and \reakuess?, ?nd can safely
say that your medicine has been the ni eau s of
restoring me to good heniih again, vrh?c?i ? hau'
not liad for over three years, until taking yo?J
mediciuc. I thank you very much for your kind
bnd prompt attention to nw letter asking advice."
?Favorite Prescription" has the testi
mony of thousands of women to ita com
plete cure of womanly diseases. ~?Do not
accept au unknown and unproved substi
tute in its place.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets clear the
complexion and sweeten the breath.
faction of knowing it; he murmured
"Two of thc men picked Lim up
tenderly and began to carry him to
tho rear. They passed Graves, and
Kiley, looking up, saw tears in his
''The orderly, already dying, was
recalled to life. He forced a bloody
"Shurc, oaptain, darlintv ho cried,
'don't ycr mind. Why, I ain't had so
much fun since mo mither died.'
"And Tom Kiley tried to salute, but
died before he could quite manage it."
A 1'late of Corn Bread.
"When I got into thc town of Spar
tanburg, S. C., in thc closiug days of
thc Confederacy, 1 realized that our
cause was lost, aud my idea was to
get out of thc country, cross the Kio
Grande and join thc liberal faction in
Mexico," said Col. Philip B. Thomp
son, the noted Kentuckian, in a chat
wUh friends at tho New Willard.
"I was feeling very hungry when I
struck the town in the early morning
hours and made up my mind that I'd
ask the lady of the first house. I struck
that had any appoaranoe of prosperity
to give me a bite of breakfast. I
picked upon ari aristocratic brick man
sion, and putting on a bold front,
marched up to tho front door. lu
answer to my knock a well-dressed
negro butler oamo and civilly asked
my business. I told him I wanted a
word with his mistress and pretty
soon a very handsomo lady, elegantly
attired, came and listened patiently
while I told hor that only the pangs
of hunger drove mc to ask a breakfast.
"I will willingly ask you in to eat,'
said she, 'if you can put up with our
fare. Wo have scarcely anything our
selves, and I am ashamed to invite
yuu io the table, but ii you are so
hungry perhaps you oan put up with
what we have.' I followed her most
willingly and was ushered into a spa
cious dining room. The table was
spread with a snowy linen oloth, there
was plenty of silverware, the real
thing, and more out glass than I had
"But what do you suppose the meal
consisted of? A siDgle item-a plate
of corn bread. Not a blessed thing
besides this bread, no meat, no coffee,
no milk-^not the suspicion of another
dish. Hungry as I was, I ate a good
sized chunk of the bread and on leav
ing heaped blessings on the head of
my benefactress, but I've never ceas
ed to wonder at the paucity of that
breakfast menu, and so oddly con
trasted with the fine home and its
THE people of Anderson County
Bensiblc people. They consider ty the \
only the quantity but the quality, of th
their hard-earned money. They feave 1
to buy inferior Goods,, even though tb
teaches them that so-called Cheap Good
expensive. , ? \
This, in a measure, accounts for tb
They appreciate our efforts to give a hi
dollar, aud we renew to them ?ow our
best Goods at honest prices, we shall es
them values commensurate with their rr
Tnder thia agreement w e offer fro?
Plantation Supplie? the best values we
' Genuine New Ol
New York Stati
Flour of every [j
(And each Sack g
Heavy and fun
Hats, Pants, QM
Shirts and Dry
' Of i
It is our honest desire to please, an
are pleasing to the testes of the people
the future as in the. past.
. . . ;|
The Store oflftuaHty a!
A JJaUIefield Joke.
To look at General Jack Hayos it
seems almost incredible tbat be could
have served for forty-eight years in
the United States army because he
doesn't seem hardly older than that.
A wonderful career he has had, and
it is better than reading an historical
novel to hear him tell of the old days
when, ou the moequito-oovered plains
of Texas, he fought the savage Coman
ches under Captain Earl Yan Dorn
and Lieutenant Fitzhugh Lee, though
he afterward opposed these same men
who wero destined to rise to high rank
in thu Confederate army, and both of
them he cherishes as warm a regard
as in that heroic era when they fought
side by side. In narrating some of
his experiences General Kayos said
tho other day to a Washington report
"I was in a hot fight with the In
dians out in western Texas, in 1859,
in which Fitzhugh Lee received an
arrow in his side from the bow of a
Comanche chief. Not one of his men
who orowded about him expected he
would live. His look was so ghastly,
his voioe no faint, that wo expected
every breath would be bis last. My
heart waa nearly broken, for I had the
same warm liking for him then I have
ever since cherished. .
"While we stood in a m or nf ul group
around him ono of the boys remarked,
at the same time exhibiting his hat,
with a bullet hole through the top,
'They've got the lieutenant, and if
the bullet that made this had gone
two inches lower, I'd have been a dead
"At this Fitzhugh Lee opened his
eyes just a fraotion, and as the ghost
of a smile played on his pallid face,
observed: 'Jim, you needn't try to
impose any such yarn as that on us.
You got behind a tree, and shot that
hole in your hat yourself.'
"Then and there I knew Fitzhugh
Lee wasn't going to die. A man who
had life enough left to joke was sure
to get well."-New York Commercial.
--> ; -cs i -
Stops Cowall and Works off the Cold.
Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets
cure a cold in one day. No Cure, No
Pay. Price 25 cents.
- Washington officials say young
women handle money more rapidly
than older ones, and there can be no
doubt about it. The amount of money
that can pass through tho hands of a
youngwoman has frequently paral
yzed a young husband who thought he
was something of a spendthrift him
- The one strong point of a wasp is
not in his favor.
are, as a rule, a moat practicable and
?art of wisdom to investigate weil, not
e values they receive in exchange for
earned that it ia poor business policy
te price ia cheap. Their experience
ta are in the Hong ruo extravagantly
te gratifying growth of our .business,
indred eenie worth-of "value for every
pledge that so long &s they desire the
ert ourselves to the utmost to give
n our large and well-selected Stock of
have ever shown in
Bliss Irish Potatoes?
uaranteed not to be sticky,)
) Grades of Shoes,
ii'^?i '>....' ; .. . - ?
id if Good. Gooda and fair treatment
our trade will continue to grow iii
.-. '? ' ? ? ? : ?- i'
.,; . -. * ? .:<v
Il i Mi lu,
nd ?iBpeiiBary of Value,
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in ase for over 30 years, bas borne'the signature of
_ m - and bas been made under bis per
^ffity^fo, sonal supervision since its infancy,
%/<C?c*Z/2? Allow no one to deceive yon ip this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ?' Just-aS-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of.
Infant? and Children-Experience against Experiment.
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other. Narcotic
substance. Its ago is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep?
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend?
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The KM You Har? Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THC CENTAUR COW PA NT, TT MURRAY ?TRiCT, M KW YO Rfc CITY?
We have about Twenty Excellent
In perfect condition, better goods than many of the Cheap
new ones, al 825.00 up.
New ones, such as
MASON & HAMLIN,'
- AU the very highest quality, at prices we have never been able to give.
Come and see our Stock ; we may have just what you have been hunting.
TEE C. A. HEED MUSIC HOUSE.
Di S* VANDIVER
ANDERSON, 8. <?., October*, 1902.
F. P.. V\NDIVEB
We propose pulling trade our way this Fall, and h ^ve made prices on
good', reliable, honest Gooda that will certainly bring it \
We have the strongest l?u? of Men's, Women's aad Children's SHOES
we-have ever shown, and have them marked down so low that e<refy pair ba
grea? value. Wo have another big lot of Sample Shoes, that w? tuf?w.; ??
the market at factory prices,? Come quick while we have your size.
We are raoneyrsavers on GROCERIES; Bess Patent Flour 84.50 per
barrel. Best Half Patent Flour 84.00-. Extra Good Fleur 83.75.
COFFEE, SUGAR, LARD, BACON, BRAN, CORN and OATS*
always in stock, jost a little cheaper tn an the market prices.
we are strictly in for business and want, your trade. Try us and yon
will stick to us. Your truly,
TWO CARS OF BUGGIES,
ALL PRICES, from a 835.00 Top Buggy up to the finest Rubber Tired joli
A LOT OF WAQONS,
i That- we want to sell at once; " We keep a large stock of
Georgia Home Made 'Harneis Cheap.
The finest, light cfc af?^
l in tho world. Come and see it
Yours in earnest,
VANDIVER BROS. & MAJOR.
Two Cars Fine Tennessee Valley
You run no risk in feeding this to year stock.
Will also make the very finest meal.
Come quick oefore it is all gone. v
O. P. ANDERSON.
ija^WRRMRRRMiM ll lill I ll lill*
A LOU? LOGIC AHEA
A man thinks it is when th? matter of
insurance suggests itself-rbut circum.
?es of la> h%ve shown how life hangs b
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suddenly overtakes you, and the1 only
to be eure that your family is protected
ease of calamity overtaking you is to
su re in a sd id Company like
The Mutual Benefit Life Ins. 0
Drop in and sae us about it.
Peoples' B*nk;Bnllding, ANDERSON W C